El Fuerte (Spanish [el 'fwerte] (help·info)) is a city and El Fuerte Municipality its surrounding municipality in the northwestern Mexican state of Sinaloa. The city population reported in the 2010 census were 12,566 people.
El Fuerte, meaning "The Fort", was named a Pueblo Mágico ("Magical Town") in 2009, for it has many attractions and a special, pretty-small-town aura.
Location in Mexico
|• Mayor||Eleazar Rubio Ayala (PRI)|
|Elevation||90 m (300 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Mountain Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight Time)|
The city was founded in 1563 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco de Ibarra, the first explorer of the lofty Sierra Madre Occidental mountains. In 1610 a fort was built to ward off the fierce Zuaque and Tehueco Native Americans, who constantly harassed the Spaniards. For years, El Fuerte served as the gateway to the vast frontiers of the northern territories of Sonora, Arizona and California, all of which were sparsely populated by unyielding tribes of native amerindians.
For nearly three centuries it was the most important commercial and agricultural center of the vast northwestern region of Mexico. El Fuerte was a chief trading post for silver miners and gold seekers from the Urique and Batopilas mines in the nearby mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental and its branches.
In 1824, El Fuerte became the capital city of the newly created Mexican state of Sonora y Sinaloa (reaching up deep into modern-day Arizona). It remained the capital for several years until the split of this state into the states of Sinaloa and Sonora.
Tourism remains a major industry in town, although it has been diminished in recent years by tourists being wary of Mexican drug cartel violence in other parts of Sinaloa; however, violence declined by 2013 from a high in 2011. El Fuerte has several holidays and local "Fiestas" which are celebrated with pageants, "Ferias" and the like. Several hotels cater to hunters and fishermen, who hunt (deer, boar, wild hog, wild goat, rabbit, armadillo, a variety of snakes) in the foothills or fish in the nearby Rio Fuerte river which runs on the northwest part of the town's commercial district. There are also local petroglyphs a short distance from the downtown. The city also serves as a gateway to the popular Barranca de Cobre (Copper Canyon) situated in the nearby state of Chihuahua. There are no easily travelled roads to the Copper Canyon from west of the Sierra Madre Occidental.
Visitors usually take the Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico railway, whose local station is a few miles south of town. The route is on the Chihuahua-Pacific Railroad, or ChePe, which passes through the scenic Copper Canyon, from Chihuahua, Chihuahua to the northeast, to Los Mochis, Sinaloa, near the Gulf of California, to the southwest.
The town is also served by El Fuerte Airport.
The range of area codes 600-699 is reserved for Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Sinaloa and Sonora.
(For other areas, see Area codes in Mexico by code).Carlos Alan Ortega
Carlos Alan Ortega Gastelum (born February 17, 1997 in El Fuerte, Sinaloa) is a professional Mexican footballer who currently plays for Loros de la Universidad de ColimaCosalá
Cosalá (Spanish pronunciation: [kosa'la] (listen)) is a small city and the seat of its surrounding municipality in the Mexican
state of Sinaloa. It stands at
The city reported 6,577 inhabitants in the 2010 census.El Fuerte
El Fuerte (Spanish: "The Fort") may refer to:
El Fuerte de Samaipata, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Bolivia
El Fuerte, Sinaloa, a city of Sinaloa, Mexico
El Fuerte, a character in the Street Fighter video game seriesFuerte may also refer to:
"bolívar fuerte", the official name of the Venezuelan bolívar
Fuerte River, a river in Sinaloa, Mexico
Fuerte, a variety of avocado
"Fuerte" (song), a song by Nelly Furtado
"Fuerte", a song by Belinda included in Belinda (Belinda album)
Fuerte, one of the names used in various times and places for the Peso coinEl Fuerte Airport
El Fuerte Airport (ICAO: MM79) is an airport located at El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Mexico, a city located in the northern part of Sinaloa State. The airport is used solely for general aviation purposes.Estado de Occidente
Estado de Occidente (also known as Sonora y Sinaloa) was a Mexican state established in 1824. The constitution was drafted in that year and the government was initially established with its capital at El Fuerte, Sinaloa. The first governor was Juan Miguel Riesgo. The state consisted of modern Sonora and Sinaloa, and also modern Arizona more or less south of the Gila River (although in much of this area the Yaqui, Pima, Apaches, and other native inhabitants did not recognize the authority of the state).
The constitution was established in 1825 with one of its principles being the making of all inhabitants of the state citizens. This was resented by the Yaqui since they now had to pay taxes, which they had been exempt from before. The Yaqui also considered themselves possessed of sovereignty and territorial rights which were threatened by the state's new constitution.
This led to a new outbreak of war between the Mexicans and the Yaquis (see Yaqui Wars) with Juan Banderas as the leader of the Yaqui forces. As a result of this war the capital of Occidente was moved to Cosalá.
Sonora and Sinaloa were again split into two separate states in 1830.Jorge Cota
Jorge Cota (El demonio) (born December 11, 1987 in El Fuerte, Sinaloa, Mexico) commonly known as "EL DEMONIO", is a Mexican professional boxer in the Welterweight division.José María Leyva
José María Leyva (2 April 1877 – 1956) was a militant guerrilla in the Partido Liberal Mexicano (PLM, Mexican Liberal Party), who was a general in the Confederación de Grupos del Ejército Liberal in Baja California.List of power stations in Mexico
The following page lists power stations in Mexico.
Mexico owns a 54852 MW of capacity installed.List of twin towns and sister cities in Mexico
This is a list of sister cities in Mexico. Some of the sister cities located in the United States can be located using Sister Cities International. A searchable, interactive list for those is maintained by Sister Cities International.
This is a subset of the worldwide list List of twin towns and sister cities.Los Mochis
Los Mochis (Spanish pronunciation: [los ˈmotʃis]) is a coastal city in northern Sinaloa, Mexico. It serves as the municipal seat of the municipality of Ahome. As of the 2010 census, the population was 362,613, which was 61 percent of the municipality's population.
Los Mochis is the western terminus of the Chihuahua-Pacific Railroad (El Chepe), which passes through the scenic Copper Canyon. This railway was originally conceived by Albert K. Owen and approved by President Porfirio Díaz as a trade route linking the cattle markets in Kansas City with the nearest port on the Pacific Ocean, Topolobampo.
Today the North Pacific irrigation region (Sinaloa-Sonora) in which the Fort Valley is the largest district and is the principal agricultural area of Sinaloa, containing over 70% of all irrigated land and producing sugar cane, cotton, rice, flowers, and many types of vegetables. The valley is one of the largest producers of mangoes in Mexico. Air transportation is provided by Los Mochis International Airport. Nearby Topolobampo is the second largest natural deepwater port in the world, and is known for its commercial fishing and increasingly important role in shipping.Plácido Vega y Daza
Don Plácido de la Vega Daza y Colon de Portugal (1830–1878) was a General and Governor of the Mexican state Sinaloa.Policarpo Infante
Policarpo Infante Fierro (born 26 May 1948) is a Mexican politician from the Institutional Revolutionary Party. From 2000 to 2003 he served as Deputy of the LVIII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing Sinaloa.Pueblo Mágico
The Programa Pueblos Mágicos (Spanish ) ("Magical Towns Programme") was an initiative led by Mexico's Secretariat of Tourism, with the support from other federal agencies, to promote a series of towns around the country that offer visitors a "magical" experience – by reason of their natural beauty, cultural richness, traditions, folklore, historical relevance, cuisine, art crafts and great hospitality.
The Mexican Ministry or Secretariat of Tourism acknowledges that México´s magical experience is not only in the famous sun and beaches, it is much more than that. The success of Mexico is due in part to the great Mexican hospitality and culture, which keeps many tourists coming back.
The Government created the 'Pueblos Mágicos' program to recognize places across the country that imbue certain characteristics that make them unique, historically significant, with great traditions, and offer magical experiences to its visitors. A "Magical Village" is a place with symbolism, legends, history, important events, festivals, traditions, great food, and fun interactive shopping, day-to-day life – in other words, "magic" in its social and cultural manifestations, with great opportunities for tourism. Every Pueblo Magico offers a special experience to the visitor.
The programme was launched in 2001 and after 9 years and 32 towns selected, it was improved and relaunched in 2010 with significant resources to unlock the potential and they were supported by a strategic campaign to promote them across the country. Every town was assigned a budget to continue improving its infrastructure, image, product offering and experience while making sure they were maintaining their traditions and their festivals were promoted. By 2012 a total of 83 towns and villages in all 31 states have been awarded the title or nomination of Pueblo Mágico. The program created pride, recognition for its local citizens and it was part of the diversification strategy from Secretary of Tourism to promote culture and Mexican traditions.
The program has offered opportunities to citizens to create a living from tourism, and it has made significant contributions to the economies of not only the pueblos, but also the entire regions, as visitors' spending created important jobs in the towns with the most economic needs. Towns with over 5 thousand citizens are receiving more than 20 thousand visitors during the weekends, which contributes to the economy and the well-being of its residents.
In late 2018 it was reported that the program would be canceled and would not continue for 2019 due to the lack of support of the president Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO). However, in February 2019 Humberto Hernández, Under-secretary of Development and Tourist Regulation in the Ministry of Tourism, told a Mexican media outlet that the program would continue "more strongly than ever." Under the new strategy, while the tourism ministry will continue to handle qualification of prospective pueblos mágicos and promotion and branding of the program, it is expected that the state governors will handle allocation of government funds to projects in the towns.Transportation in the United States
Transportation in the United States is facilitated by road, air, rail, and waterways (via boats). The vast majority of passenger travel occurs by automobile for shorter distances, and airplane (or railroad, in some regions) for longer distances. In descending order, most cargoes travel by railroad, truck, pipeline, or boat; air shipping is typically used only for perishables and premium express shipments.XHMFS-FM
XHMFS-FM is a public radio station on 95.7 FM in Mochicahui, El Fuerte Municipality, Sinaloa, Mexico. It is the radio station of the Universidad Autónoma Intercultural de Sinaloa (Autonomous Intercultural University of Sinaloa) and broadcasts from studios and transmitter on the university's Mochicahui campus.XHPFRT-FM
XHPFRT-FM is a radio station on 95.3 FM in El Fuerte, Sinaloa. It is owned by Luz Network and known as La Morrita with a grupera format.Ávila family of California
Cornelio Ávila was the founder of a large and prominent southern California family.
|Climate data for El Fuerte (1951–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||38.5
|Average high °C (°F)||27.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||17.6
|Average low °C (°F)||7.5
|Record low °C (°F)||−3.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||28.2
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.8||1.9||0.9||0.6||0.4||3.0||13.7||12.9||7.5||2.9||1.7||2.8||51.1|
|Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional|