Eisenacher Motorenwerk

Eisenacher Motorenwerk (EMW) was an East German manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles based in Eisenach. EMW also entered Formula One as a constructor in 1953, but participated in only one race, the 1953 German Grand Prix. The car retired after 12 laps with exhaust problems.[1]

Eisenacher Motorenwerk
Formerly
BMW
IndustryAutomobile and motorcycle manufacture
FoundedCirca 1945 Eisenach, German Democratic Republic (East Germany)
Headquarters

Continuing BMW production

1952-55 EMW 340 Limousine, at Wartburg 2006-08
1952-1955 EMW 340, with a redesigned grille

One of the pre-World War II BMW factories was located in Eisenach, which after the war was taken over by the Soviets, since Eisenach was situated in the Soviet occupation zone. The factory continued producing cars and motorcycles under the BMW brand, but after a lawsuit in 1952 they had to change the name to EMW instead. The logotype was also similar, but instead of the blue BMW used, EMW used red.

The Kasernierte Volkspolizei (a paramilitary police branch which preceded the National People's Army) and the succeeding East German armed forces needed vehicles and expressed interest in reviving production of the BMW 325, an unsuccessful wartime off-road Einheits-PKW (standardized passenger vehicle) built by BMW in Eisenach. This was developed into the new EMW 325/3, of which 166 were built in 1952.[2] This remilitarization, however, was in violation of the terms of the Potsdam Conference and led to protests from the West.[3]

New designs

Later the automobile section of EMW became VEB Automobilwerk Eisenach and built the Wartburg. Motorcycle manufacture ended in the 1950s and was replaced by the AWO 425 built by Simson at Suhl.

Emw
An EMW. Note the BMW-like grille.

Complete Formula One World Championship results

EMW as a Formula One constructor
Official name(s)Eisenacher Motorenwerk
BaseEisenach, East Germany
Formula One World Championship career
EnginesEMW 2.0l L6
EntrantsRennkollektiv EMW
First entry1953 German Grand Prix
Last entry1953 German Grand Prix
Races entered1
Race victories0
Constructors' Championships0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Pole positions0
Fastest laps0

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Points WCC
1953 EMW EMW L6 D ARG 500 NED BEL FRA GBR GER SUI ITA n/a* n/a*
East Germany Edgar Barth Ret
Source:[1]

* Constructors' Championship not awarded until 1958.

References

  1. ^ a b Small, Steve (1994). The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who. Guinness. p. 46. ISBN 0851127029.
  2. ^ Stünkel, Udo (2000), Bewegte Zeiten: Typenkunde DDR Fahrzeuge, Personen- und Lieferwagen [Moving times: model identifier for East German vehicles, passenger and delivery vehicles], Bremen, Germany: Verlag Peter Kurze, p. 22, ISBN 3-9806977-9-7
  3. ^ Kleinschmidt, Heiko (2016-08-03). "Eisenach: Horst Ihling erinnert an Kurioses und geheime Auto-Entwicklungen" [Horst Ihling reminisces about rare and secret automobile developments]. Thüringer Allgemeine (in German). Mediengruppe Thüringen. Archived from the original on 2017-08-16.
Current brands
Previous brands
Divisions and subsidiaries
Joint ventures
Vehicles
Technologies
Motorsport
Buildings
Other
Major and notable German motorcycle marques
2019 season
Former
« previous
Cars that competed in the 1953 Formula One season (ex. Indianapolis 500)
next »

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.