Eisenacher Motorenwerk (EMW) was an East German manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles based in Eisenach. EMW also entered Formula One as a constructor in 1953, but participated in only one race, the 1953 German Grand Prix. The car retired after 12 laps with exhaust problems.
|Industry||Automobile and motorcycle manufacture|
|Founded||Circa 1945 Eisenach, German Democratic Republic (East Germany)|
One of the pre-World War II BMW factories was located in Eisenach, which after the war was taken over by the Soviets, since Eisenach was situated in the Soviet occupation zone. The factory continued producing cars and motorcycles under the BMW brand, but after a lawsuit in 1952 they had to change the name to EMW instead. The logotype was also similar, but instead of the blue BMW used, EMW used red.
The Kasernierte Volkspolizei (a paramilitary police branch which preceded the National People's Army) and the succeeding East German armed forces needed vehicles and expressed interest in reviving production of the BMW 325, an unsuccessful wartime off-road Einheits-PKW (standardized passenger vehicle) built by BMW in Eisenach. This was developed into the new EMW 325/3, of which 166 were built in 1952. This remilitarization, however, was in violation of the terms of the Potsdam Conference and led to protests from the West.
|EMW as a Formula One constructor|
|Official name(s)||Eisenacher Motorenwerk|
|Base||Eisenach, East Germany|
|Formula One World Championship career|
|Engines||EMW 2.0l L6|
|First entry||1953 German Grand Prix|
|Last entry||1953 German Grand Prix|
(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)
* Constructors' Championship not awarded until 1958.
|Divisions and subsidiaries|
Major and notable German motorcycle marques
Although World Championship races held in 1952 and 1953 were run to Formula Two regulations, constructors who only participated during this period are included herein to maintain Championship continuity.
Constructors whose only participation in the World Championship was in the Indianapolis 500 races between 1950 and 1960 are not listed.