Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎, translit. ʿīd al-ʾaḍḥā, lit. 'Feast of the Sacrifice', IPA: [ʕiːd ælˈʔɑdˤħæː]), also called the "Festival of Sacrifice", is the second of two Islamic holidays celebrated worldwide each year (the other being Eid al-Fitr), and considered the holier of the two. It honors the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God's command. But, before Abraham could sacrifice his son, God provided a lamb to sacrifice instead. In commemoration of this, an animal is sacrificed and divided into three parts: one part of the share is given to the poor and needy; second part is for the home, third is given to relatives.

In the Islamic lunar calendar, Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. In the international (Gregorian) calendar, the dates vary from year to year drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year.

Eid al-Adha
Eid Blessings WDL6855
Blessings for Eid al-Adha
Official nameعيد الأضحى
Eid ul-Adha
Observed byMuslims and Druze
TypeIslamic
Significance
ObservancesEid prayers, animal sacrifice, charity, social gatherings, festive meals, gift-giving
Begins10 Dhu al-Hijjah
Ends12 or 13 Dhu al-Hijjah
Date10 Dhu al-Hijjah
2018 date21 August[1]
2019 date12 August[1]
Related toHajj; Eid al-Fitr

Other names

In languages other than Arabic, the name is often simply translated into the local language, such as English Feast of the Sacrifice, German Opferfest, Dutch Offerfeest, Romanian Sărbătoarea Sacrificiului, and Hungarian Áldozati ünnep. In Spanish it is known as Fiesta del Cordero[2] or Fiesta del Borrego (both meaning "festival of the lamb"). It is also known as عید البقرة ʿĪd al-Baqarah in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and in the Middle East, as عید قربان Id-e Qorbān in Iran, Kurban Bayramı ("Holiday of Sacrifice") in Turkey,[3] কোরবানীর ঈদ Korbanir Id in Bangladesh, as عید الكبير ʿĪd el-Kebīr in the Maghreb, as Tfaska Tamoqqart in Jerba Berber, as Iduladha, Hari Raya Aiduladha, Hari Raya Haji or Qurban in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines, as بکرا عید Bakrā Īd ("Goat Eid") or بڑی عید Baṛī Īd ("Greater Eid") in Pakistan and India, Bakara Eid in Trinidad and as Tabaski or Tobaski in Senegal and Odún Iléyá by Yorúbà People in Nigeria West Africa [4][5][6][7] (most probably borrowed from the Serer language — an ancient Serer religious festival[8][9][10][11]).

The following names are used as other names of Eid al-Adha:

  • Īd al-Azhā / Īdul-Azhā / Iduladha (transliterations of the Arabic name) [12] is used in Urdu, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, and Austronesian languages such as Malay and Indonesian.
  • ʿĪd al-Kabīr /ʿĪd el-Kebīr meaning "Greater Eid" (the "Lesser Eid" being Eid al-Fitr)[13] is used in Yemen, Syria, and North Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt). Local language translations are used in Pashto (لوی اختر Loy Axtar), Kashmiri (Baed Eid), Urdu and Hindi (Baṛī Īd), Bengali (বড় ঈদ Boro Id), Tamil (Peru Nāl, "Great Day") and Malayalam (Bali Perunnal, "Great Day of Sacrifice") as well as Manding varieties in West Africa such as Bambara, Maninka, Jula etc. (ߛߊߟߌߓߊ Seliba, "Big/great prayer").
  • ʿĪd al-Baqarah meaning "Eid of Cows (also sheep or goats)" is used in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. Although the word baqarah (بقرة) properly means a cow, it is also semantically extended to mean all livestock, especially sheep or goats. This extension is used in Hindi and Urdu as a very similar name "Bakra-Eid / Bakrid" meaning "Goat Eid" is used for the occasion.
  • Qurbon Hayiti meaning "Eid of Sacrifice" is used in Uzbekistan.
  • Lebaran Haji[4][5][6]("Hajj Feast") is used in Malaysian and Indonesian, in the Philippines.

Etymology

The word عيد ʻīd means "festival," "celebration," "feast day," or "holiday." It comes from the triliteral root عين ʻayn واو wāw دال dāl, with associated root meanings of "to go back, to rescind, to accrue, to be accustomed, habits, to repeat, to be experienced; appointed time or place, anniversary, feast day."[14][15] Arthur Jeffery contests this etymology, and believes the term to have been borrowed into Arabic from Syriac, or less likely Targumic Aramaic.[16]

The word ًأضحى 'aḍḥan means "sacrificial animal." It comes from the triliteral root ضاد ḍād حاء ḥā' واو wāw, with associated meanings "daylight… to appear, to appear conspicuously… sacrificial animal, to sacrifice."[15] No occurrence of this root with a meaning related to sacrifice occurs in the Qur'an. In modern Arabic, the verb ضحّى ḍaḥḥā means "to sacrifice," and a ضحيّة ḍaḥiyyah is a sacrificial offering.[14]

The first element in the Persian name عيدِ قربان Id-e Qorbān is identical to Arabic ʻīd, above. The second is from Arabic قربان qurbān, meaning "offering, sacrifice." Christians use the term to mean eucharistic host. In the Islamic Arabic tradition, it is held to derive from the root قاف qāf راء rā' باء bā', with associated meanings of "closeness, proximity… to moderate; kinship…; to hurry; …to seek, to seek water sources…; scabbard, sheath; small boat; sacrifice."[15] Arthur Jeffery recognizes the same Semitic root, but believes the sense of the term to have entered Arabic through Aramaic.[16]

Turkish Kurban Bayramı uses the same first element as the Persian قربان qorbān. Bayram means "holiday" in Turkish, with close cognates in other Turkish languages. Its ultimate etymology is contested.[17][18]

Origin

One of the main trials of Abraham's life was to face the command of God to sacrifice his dearest possession, his son.[3] The son is named in the Quran[4:163], Ishmael, whereas it is stated as Isaac in the Bible. Upon hearing this command, Abraham prepared to submit to the will of God.[19] During this preparation, Shaitan (the Devil) tempted Abraham and his family by trying to dissuade them from carrying out God's commandment, and Abraham drove Satan away by throwing pebbles at him. In commemoration of their rejection of Satan, stones are thrown at symbolic pillars during the Stoning of the Devil during Hajj rites.[20]

When Abraham attempted to cut his son's throat on mount Arafat,[19] he was astonished to see that his son was unharmed and instead, he found an animal [3] which was slaughtered. Abraham had passed the test by his willingness to carry out God's command.[21][22]

This story is known as the Akedah in Judaism (Binding of Isaac) and originates in the Tora,[23] the first book of Moses (Genesis, Ch. 22). The Quran refers to the Akedah as follows:[24]

100 "O my Lord! Grant me a righteous (son)!"
101 So We gave him the good news of a boy ready to suffer and forbear.
102 Then, when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him, he said: "O my son! I see in vision that I offer thee in sacrifice: Now see what is thy view!" (The son) said: "O my father! Do as thou art commanded: thou will find me if Allah so wills one practicing Patience and Constancy!"
103 So when they had both submitted their wills (to Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice),
104 We called out to him "O Abraham!
105 "Thou hast already fulfilled the vision!" – thus indeed do We reward those who do right.
106 For this was obviously a trial–
107 And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice:
108 And We left (this blessing) for him among generations (to come) in later times:
109 "Peace and salutation to Abraham!"
110 Thus indeed do We reward those who do right.
111 For he was one of our believing Servants.
112 And We gave him the good news of Isaac – a prophet – one of the Righteous.

— Quran, sura 37 (Aṣ-Ṣāffāt), āyāt 100–112[25]

Abraham had shown that his love for God superseded all others: that he would lay down his own life or the lives of those dearest to him in submission to God's command. Muslims commemorate this ultimate act of sacrifice every year during Eid al-Adha. While Abraham was prepared to make an ultimate sacrifice, God ultimately prevents the sacrifice, additionally signifying that one should never sacrifice a human life, especially not in the name of God.

The word "Eid" appears once in Al-Ma'ida, the fifth sura of the Quran, with the meaning "solemn festival".[26]

Eid prayers

The Badshahi in all its glory during the Eid Prayers
Eid prayer at the Badshahi Mosque

Devotees offer the Eid al-Adha prayers at the mosque. The Eid al-Adha prayer is performed any time after the sun completely rises up to just before the entering of Zuhr time, on the 10th of Dhu al-Hijjah. In the event of a force majeure (e.g. natural disaster), the prayer may be delayed to the 11th of Dhu al-Hijjah and then to the 12th of Dhu al-Hijjah.[27]

Eid prayers must be offered in congregation. Participation of women in the prayer congregation varies from community to community.[28] It consists of two rakats (units) with seven takbirs in the first Raka'ah and five Takbirs in the second Raka'ah. For Shia Muslims, Salat al-Eid differs from the five daily canonical prayers in that no adhan (call to prayer) or iqama (call) is pronounced for the two Eid prayers.[29][30] The salat (prayer) is then followed by the khutbah, or sermon, by the Imam.

At the conclusion of the prayers and sermon, Muslims embrace and exchange greetings with one another (Eid Mubarak), give gifts and visit one another. Many Muslims also take this opportunity to invite their non-Muslim friends, neighbours, co-workers and classmates to their Eid festivities to better acquaint them about Islam and Muslim culture.[31]

Cattle Shower
The owner is cleaning his cow before taking it to the cattle market for Eid-Ul-Adha. Boshila, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Traditions and practices

PikiWiki Israel 28887 Eid al-Adha Homemade Cookies
Cookies of Eid (ma'amoul)

During Eid al-Adha, distributing meat amongst the people, chanting the takbir out loud before the Eid prayers on the first day and after prayers throughout the three days of Eid, are considered essential parts of this important Islamic festival.[32]

The takbir consists of:[33]

الله أكبر الله أكبر
لا إله إلا الله
الله أكبر الله أكبر
ولله الحمد

Allāhu akbar, Allāhu akbar
lā ilāha illā-Allāh
Allāhu akbar, Allāhu akbar
walillāhi l-hamd[a]

Men, women, and children are expected to dress in their finest clothing to perform Eid prayer in a large congregation in an open waqf ("stopping") field called Eidgah or mosque. Affluent Muslims who can afford it sacrifice their best halal domestic animals (usually a cow, but can also be a camel, goat, sheep, or ram depending on the region) as a symbol of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his only son.[34] The sacrificed animals, called aḍḥiya (Arabic: أضحية‎), known also by the Perso-Arabic term qurbāni, have to meet certain age and quality standards or else the animal is considered an unacceptable sacrifice.[35] In Pakistan alone nearly ten million animals are slaughtered on Eid days costing over US$2.0 billion.[36]

The meat from the sacrificed animal is preferred to be divided into three parts. The family retains one-third of the share; another third is given to relatives, friends, and neighbors; and the remaining third is given to the poor and needy.[34]

Muslims wear their new or best clothes. Women cook special sweets, including ma'amoul (filled shortbread cookies). They gather with family and friends.[27]

Eid al-Adha in the Gregorian calendar

While Eid al-Adha is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar. The lunar calendar is approximately eleven days shorter than the solar calendar.[37] Each year, Eid al-Adha (like other Islamic holidays) falls on one of about two to four different Gregorian dates in different parts of the world, because the boundary of crescent visibility is different from the International Date Line.

The following list shows the official dates of Eid al-Adha for Saudi Arabia as announced by the Supreme Judicial Council. Future dates are estimated according to the Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia.[1] The Umm al-Qura is just a guide for planning purposes and not the absolute determinant or fixer of dates. Confirmations of actual dates by moon sighting are applied on the 29th day of the lunar month prior to Dhu al-Hijjah[38] to announce the specific dates for both Hajj rituals and the subsequent Eid festival. The three days after the listed date are also part of the festival. The time before the listed date the pilgrims visit the Mount Arafat and descend from it after sunrise of the listed day.

In many countries, the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality.

Islamic year Gregorian date
1437 12 September 2016
1438 1 September 2017
1439 21 August 2018
1440 11 August 2019 (calculated)
1441 31 July 2020 (calculated)

See also

Notes

  1. ^

    Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest,
    There is no god but Allah
    Allah is greatest, Allah is greatest
    and to Allah goes all praise.[27]

References

  1. ^ a b c "The Umm al-Qura Calendar of Saudi Arabia". Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  2. ^ (in Spanish)La Fiesta del Cordero en Marruecos, Ferdaous Emorotene, 25 November 2009
  3. ^ a b c Staff, Writer. "Abraham". britannica.
  4. ^ a b Bianchi, Robert R. (11 August 2004). Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World. Oxford University Press. p. 398. ISBN 978-0-19-029107-5.
  5. ^ a b Sheikh Ramzy (2012). The Complete Guide to Islamic Prayer (Salāh). AuthorHouse. p. 310. ISBN 978-1-4772-1530-2.
  6. ^ a b Jain Chanchreek; K. L. Chanchreek; M. K. Jain (1 January 2007). Encyclopaedia of Great Festivals. Shree Publishers & Distributors. p. 78. ISBN 978-81-8329-191-0.
  7. ^ Kazim, Ebrahim (2010). Scientific Commentary of Suratul Faateḥah. Pharos Media & Publishing. p. 246. ISBN 978-81-7221-037-3.
  8. ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye, « Chronique du royaume du Sine », suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin (1972), . (1972). Bulletin de l'IFAN, tome 34, série B, no 4, 1972, p. 706-7 (p. 4-5), p. 713-14 (p. 9-10)
  9. ^ « Cosaani Sénégambie » (« L’Histoire de la Sénégambie») : 1ere Partie relatée par Macoura Mboub du Sénégal. 2eme Partie relatée par Jebal Samba de la Gambie [in] programme de Radio Gambie: « Chosaani Senegambia ». Présentée par: Alhaji Mansour Njie. Directeur de programme: Alhaji Alieu Ebrima Cham Joof. Enregistré a la fin des années 1970, au début des années 1980 au studio de Radio Gambie, Bakau, en Gambie (2eme partie) et au Sénégal (1ere partie) [in] onegambia.com [in] The Seereer Resource Centre (SRC) (« le Centre de Resource Seereer ») : URL: http://www.seereer.com. Traduit et transcrit par The Seereer Resource Centre : Juillet 2014 [1] p. 30 (retrieved: 25 September 2015)
  10. ^ Brisebarre, Anne-Marie; Kuczynski, Liliane, « La Tabaski au Sénégal: une fête musulmane en milieu urbain », KARTHALA Editions (2009), pp 86-7, ISBN 9782811102449 [2] (retrieved : 25 September 2015)
  11. ^ Becker, Charles; Martin, Victor; Ndène, Aloyse, « Traditions villageoises du Siin », (Révision et édition par Charles Becker) (2014), p 41
  12. ^ "Eid Al Adha (Sacrifice Feast of Muslims) - Prayer Times NYC". Prayer Times NYC. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  13. ^ Noakes, Greg (April – May 1992). "Issues in Islam, All About Eid". Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  14. ^ a b Oxford Arabic Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2014. ISBN 978-0-19-958033-0.
  15. ^ a b c Badawi, Elsaid M.; Abdel Haleem, Muhammad (2008). Arabic-English Dictionary of Qur'anic Usage. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-14948-9.
  16. ^ a b Jeffery, Arthur (2007). The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qur'ān. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-15352-3.
  17. ^ Aksan, Yeşim; Aksan, Mustafa; Mersinli, Ümit; Demirhan, Umut Ufuk (2017). A Frequency Dictionary of Turkish. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-138-83965-6.
  18. ^ Öztopçu, Kurtuluş; Abuov, Zhoumagaly; Kambarov, Nasir; Azemoun, Youssef (1996). Dictionary of the Turkic Languages. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-14198-2.
  19. ^ a b Bate, John Drew (2009). An Examination of the Claims of Ishmael as Viewed by Muḥammadans. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 978-1117148366.
  20. ^ Firestone, Reuven (1990). Journeys in Holy Lands: The Evolution of the -Ishmael Legends in Islamic Exegesis. SUNY Press. p. 98.
  21. ^ Elias, Jamal J. (1999). Islam. Routledge. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-415-21165-9. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
  22. ^ Muslim Information Service of Australia. "Eid al – Adha Festival of Sacrifice". Missionislam.com. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  23. ^ Stephan Huller, Stephan (2011). The Real Messiah: The Throne of St. Mark and the True Origins of Christianity. Watkins; Reprint edition. ISBN 978-1907486647.
  24. ^ Fasching, Darrell J.; deChant, Dell (2011). Comparative Religious Ethics: A Narrative Approach to Global Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1444331332.
  25. ^ Quran 37:100–112 Abdullah Yusuf Ali translation
  26. ^ Quran 5:114. "Said Jesus the son of Mary: "O Allah our Lord! Send us from heaven a table set (with viands), that there may be for us—for the first and the last of us—a solemn festival and a sign from thee; and provide for our sustenance, for thou art the best Sustainer (of our needs).""
  27. ^ a b c H. X. Lee, Jonathan (2015). Asian American Religious Cultures [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 357. ISBN 978-1598843309.
  28. ^ Asmal, Fatima (6 July 2016). "South African women push for more inclusive Eid prayers". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  29. ^ "Sunnah during Eid ul Adha according to Authentic Hadith". Scribd.com. 13 November 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  30. ^ حجم الحروف – Islamic Laws : Rules of Namaz » Adhan and Iqamah, retrieved 10 August 2014
  31. ^ "The Significance of Eid". Isna.net. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  32. ^ McKernan, Bethan. "Eid al-Adha 2017: When is it? Everything you need to know about the Muslim holiday". .independent.
  33. ^ "Eid Takbeers – Takbir of Id". Islamawareness.net. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  34. ^ a b Buğra Ekinci, Ekrem. "Qurban Bayram: How do Muslims celebrate a holy feast?". dailysabah.
  35. ^ Cussen, V.; Garces, L. (2008). Long Distance Transport and Welfare of Farm Animals. CABI. p. 35. ISBN 978-1845934033.
  36. ^ "Bakra Eid: The cost of sacrifice". Asian Correspondent. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  37. ^ Hewer, Chris. Understanding Islam: The First Ten Steps. SCM Press. p. 111. ISBN 978-0334040323.
  38. ^ "Eid al-Adha 2016 date is expected to be on September 11". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 14 August 2016.

External links

Adha

Adha may refer to:

Adha (tetragraph)

Eid al-Adha

American Dental Hygienists' Association

Don Number One

Don Number One (Bengali: ডন নাম্বার ওয়ান) is a 2012 action Bangladeshi film directed by Bodiul Alam Khokon. The film stars Shakib Khan in the lead role and Shahara and Misha Showdagor in other prominent roles. It is a remake of 2007 Telugu action film Don directed by Lawrence starring Akkineni Nagarjuna. The film released on Eid al-Adha of 27 October 2012.Don are the suri

Du'a Nudba

Du'a Nudba is one of the major Shiite prayers about Muhammad al-Mahdi and his occultation. Nudba means to cry and Shiites read the prayer for ask to help them during the occultation. The supplication recite in Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Eid al-Ghadeer, and in every Friday morning. Mazar al-Kabir, Mazar al-Ghadim, and Mesbaho al-Zaer were narrated the supplication. These books were written with authentic narrators such as Sayyed Ibn Tawus. Muhammad Baqir Majlisi wrote this prayer in Zaad-ul-Maad from Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. Also, Albazofari, a person who lived in minor occultation, narrated from The Four Deputies of Imam Mahdi that Imam Mahdi said to read the prayer.

Eid Mubarak

Eid Mubarak or (Arabic: عيد مبارك‎) is an Arabic term that means “happy holiday”. The term is used by Arab Christians and Arab Muslims, as well as Muslims all over the world. Internationally Muslims use it as a greeting for use on the festivals of Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr. Eid means "celebration", and Mubarak means "blessings". In the social sense, people usually celebrate Eid al-Fitr after Ramadan and Eid-al-Adha in the month of Dhul Haj (the 12th and final Islamic month). Some state that this exchange of greetings is a cultural tradition and not part of any religious obligation.

Eid prayers

Eid prayers, also known as Salat al-Eid (Arabic: صلاة العيد‎) and Șālat al-’Īdayn (Arabic: صلاة العيدين‎ "Prayer of the Two Eids"), is the special prayers offered to commemorate two Islamic festivals traditionally in an open space allocated (musalla or Eidgah) or field available for prayer. The two festivals on which these prayers are conducted in large congregations are:

Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر‎), celebrated on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal after the fasting in the holy month of Ramadan.

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎), celebrated on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah after the Day of Arafah, the main day of the Hajj pilgrimage season.

Islamic holidays

There are two official holidays in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha.

Eid Al-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan (a month of fasting during daylight hours), and Muslims may invoke zakat (charity) on the occasion which begins after the new moon sighting for the beginning of Shawal. The Eid al-Fitr celebration begins with prayers the morning of the 1st of Shawal, and is followed by breakfast, and often celebratory meals throughout the day.

Eid Al-Adha is celebrated on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah when Hajj (pilgrimage) takes place, and lasts for four days. Muslims may invoke an act of zakat and friendship by the slaughter of a sheep and distribute its meat in 3 parts: among family, friends, and the poor. Muslims are also encouraged to be especially friendly and reach out to one another during this period.

Both of the holidays occur in the lunar based Islamic calendar which is different from the solar based Gregorian calendar. The Islamic calendar is based on the synodic period of the Moon's revolution around the Earth, approximately 29​1⁄2 days. The Islamic calendar alternates months of 29 and 30 days (which begin with the new moon). Twelve of these months make up an Islamic year, which is 11 days shorter than the Gregorian year. The Gregorian calendar is based on the orbital period of the Earth's revolution around the Sun, approximately days.

Jamiatul Falah Mosque

Jamiatul Falah Mosque or Baitul Falah is the largest mosque in Chittagong, Bangladesh, able to hold 5,000 worshipers.It is located on the south side of WASA Square. To the east of the mosque is a large eidgah that is commonly the location of two of the three largest Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha gatherings in the city.The mosque is maintained by the Chittagong City Corporation. As of 2016, the khatib of the mosque is Mohammad Jalal Uddin Al-Kaderi.

Kalburabastı

Kalburabastı (sometimes spelled Kalbura bastı) or Kalburabasma (Turkish, also known as Hurmašice or Hurme in the Balkans), and sometimes also known under the name of Hurma, are Turkish syrup-drenched pastries that have a riddled appearance. They are featured among the favorite specialities that are prepared during the Islamic holidays, including the three-day Eid al-Fitr (called Şeker Bayramı or "Candy Feast" in Turkish language) and Eid al-Adha.

This Ottoman Turkish treat has a very similar variation of it ("Hurmašice" or "Hurme") which can be found in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia.

Khar Bii

Khar Bii ("This Sheep" in Wolof) is a television show that has aired annually on 2sTV in Senegal since 2009. As of 2012, it was the most popular show in Senegal. The show is a contest to locate the most beautiful ram in the country and airs each year in the lead-up to the Muslim holiday Eid al-Adha (known locally as Tabaski).Sheep play an important role in Senegalese culture. They are popular pets, often living inside their owners' homes. In addition, sheep are important to the festival of Eid al-Adha, which commemorates Abraham's near sacrifice of his son (and ultimate sacrifice of a ram in Isaac's place). Nearly every Senegalese Muslim family with sufficient resources sacrifices a sheep to celebrate Eid al-Adha; over 700,000 sheep are purchased annually for this purpose.The show's creator, Marianne Bathily, aimed to create a spectacle akin to an American dog show. Khar Bii follows judges (breeders and veterinarians) who visit homes across the country, selecting rams to compete in televised regional competitions. Later, the regional finalists compete in a national contest in Dakar's Place de l'Obélisque. Judges examine rams for symmetry of horns and testicles, a balanced face, a shiny coat, and a healthy, hefty weight. The ram's gait is also considered. The winner of the competition receives 2,000,000 francs (approximately US$4,000), as well as the potential for future income through breeding of the winning ram. Khar Bii also incorporates a women's mutton cooking competition. (Prize-quality rams, like those competing in Khar Bii, are used for breeding rather than for food.)

Lakhdar Brahimi Syrian peace plan

The Lakhdar Brahimi peace plan for Syria refers to the joint UN-Arab League peace mission, headed by Lakhdar Brahimi in order to resolve the Syria Crisis. On 17 August 2012, Brahimi was appointed by the United Nations as the new peace envoy to Syria, replacing Kofi Annan, who had previously resigned, following the collapse of his cease fire attempt.

Laylat al-Jaiza

Laylat al-Jaiza or Night of Rewards is the night preceding both the Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. It has particular significance with the month of Ramadan and is to earn rewards for all the fasts and good deeds in this month. It is considered as a blessed night for Muslims and a night to offer prayers and supplications.

Prophet Muhammad is reported to have said in a hadith in Sunan ibn Maja.

Mrouzia

Mrouzia (Arabic: المروزية‎) is one of the most important dishes of Moroccan cuisine. It is a sweet and salty meat tajine, combining a ras el hanout blend of spices with honey, cinnamon and almonds. It is also prepared in Tunisia, but in a different manner. An author mentions the name in Algeria, but for a different dish.

In Morocco, this tajine is one of the traditional dishes of the Eid al-Adha Muslim festival (Festival of Sacrifice). It is often made of lamb from animals ritually sacrificed during the festival.

Public holidays in Gabon

This is a list of holidays in Gabon. January 1: New Year's Day

April 1: Easter Monday

April 17: Women's Day

May 1: Labour Day

May 9: Ascension Day

May 20: Whit Monday

August 15: Assumption

August 16: Independence Day

August 17: Independence Day

August 8: Eid al-Fitr

October 15: Eid al-Adha

November 1: All Saints Day

December 25: Christmas Day

Public holidays in Saudi Arabia

Public holidays in Saudi Arabia ( Arabic: العطل الرسمية في السعودية ) In Saudi Arabia there are not a lot of holidays, compared with other countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council, but they give a long-term holidays from 10 to 12 days. Where the expense of public holidays in Saudi Arabia only as days of work, in addition to the daily Friday and Saturday weekend, in this case you can get a long vacation up to more than two weeks.

Government departments and institutions are suspended in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during the festival holidays for holiday Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha to the public sector if there is a time and one day the reality of the weekend and the Eid holiday, this day is added to the Eid vacation.

Public holidays in Sierra Leone

This is a list of holidays in Sierra Leone.

January 1: New Year's Day

February 4: Maulid-un-Nabi (Birth of the Prophet)

April 6: Good Friday

April 9: Easter Monday

April 27: Independence Day

August 19: Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)

October 26: Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice)

December 25: Christmas Day

December 26: Boxing Day

Public holidays in Sudan

This is a list of holidays in Sudan.The following public holidays are the same every year:

January 1: Independence Day

January 7: Coptic Christmas

June 30: Revolution Day

December 25: Christmas DayVariable (Islamic holidays are fixed to the Islamic calendar which follows the phases of the moon, therefore holidays will be 10 to 11 days earlier in the Gregorian calendar every year. Furthermore, Islamic holidays depend on the sighting of the moon.)

Al-Mowlid Al Nabawi (Birth of the Prophet)

Eid al-Fitr (End Of Ramadan)

Islamic New Year (Hijri New Year)

Eid al-Adha (Feast Of Sacrifice)

Coptic Easter

Public holidays in Tunisia

This is a list of holidays in Tunisia.January 1: New Year's Day

January 14: Revolution and Youth Day

March 20: Independence Day

April 9: Martyrs' Day

May 1: Labour Day

July 25: Republic Day

August 13: Women's Day

October 15: Evacuation Day

Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) (depending on the moon calendar, shifts towards the beginning of the year by 11 days per year)

Eid al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice) (depending on the moon calendar, shifts towards the beginning of the year by 11 days per year)

Hegire (Islamic New Year) (depending on the moon calendar, shifts towards the beginning of the year by 11 days per year)

Mouled (Prophet's Anniversary) (depending on the moon calendar, shifts towards the beginning of the year by 11 days per year)

Qurbani

Qurbanī (Arabic: قربانى‎), Qurban, or uḍḥiyyah (أضحية) as referred to in Islamic law, is the ritual animal sacrifice of a livestock animal during Eid al-Adha. The word is related to the Hebrew קרבן qorbān "offering" and Syriac qurbānā "sacrifice", etymologised through the cognate Arabic triliteral as "a way or means of approaching someone" or "nearness". In Islamic law, udhiyyah would refer to the sacrifice of a specific animal, offered by a specific person, on specific days to seek God's pleasure and reward. The word qurban appears thrice in the Quran: once in reference to animal sacrifice and twice referring to sacrifice in the general sense of any act which may bring one closer to God. In contrast, dhabīḥah refers to normal Islamic slaughter outside the day of udhiyyah.

Sheer khurma

Sheer khurma or Sheer khorma (Persian: شير خرما‎), literally "milk with dates" in Persian, is a festival vermicelli pudding prepared by Muslims on Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha in Afghanistan, Indian subcontinent and parts of Central Asia. It is a traditional Muslim festive breakfast, and a dessert for celebrations. This dish is made from dried dates.

This special dish is served on the morning of Eid day in the family after the Eid prayer as breakfast, and throughout the day to all the visiting guests. It is very popular throughout the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia.

Eid
Festivals
Topics
Islamic holidays and observances
The two Eids
Other holidays and observances
January
February
March
April
May
June–July–August
June
July
September
October
November
December
Varies (year round)
National holidays
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(differ by states)
National holidays (fixed)
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United States Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States
January
January–February
February
American Heart Month
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February–March
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Irish-American Heritage Month
National Colon Cancer Awareness Month
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March–April
April
Confederate History Month
May
Asian Pacific American Heritage Month
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June
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and
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September–October
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October
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Filipino American History Month
LGBT History Month
October–November
November
Native American Indian Heritage Month
December
Varies (year round)
Hajj topics
Preparation
Sequence
Mosques

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