Ehime Prefecture

Ehime Prefecture (愛媛県 Ehime-ken) is a prefecture in northwestern Shikoku, Japan.[3] The capital is Matsuyama.[4]

Ehime Prefecture

愛媛県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese愛媛県
 • RōmajiEhime-ken
Flag of Ehime Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Ehime Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Ehime Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
IslandShikoku
CapitalMatsuyama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 7, Municipalities: 20
Government
 • GovernorTokihiro Nakamura (since December 2010)
Area
 • Total5,676.11 km2 (2,191.56 sq mi)
Area rank26th
Population
 (February 1, 2018)
 • Total1,360,507
 • Rank27th
 • Density239.76/km2 (621.0/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-38
Websitewww.pref.ehime.jp/index-e.htm
Symbols
AnimalJapanese river otter ("Lutra lutra whiteleyi")[1] [2]
BirdJapanese robin (Erithacus akahige)[1]
FishRed sea bream (Pagrus major)[1]
FlowerSatsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu)[1]
TreePine (Pinus)[1]

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, Ehime Prefecture was known as Iyo Province.[5] Since before the Heian period, the area was dominated by fishermen and sailors who played an important role in defending Japan against pirates and Mongolian invasions.

After the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa shōgun gave the area to his allies, including Katō Yoshiaki who built Matsuyama Castle, forming the basis for the modern city of Matsuyama.

The name Ehime comes from the kuniumi part of the Kojiki where Iyo Province is mythologically named Ehime, "lovely princess".[6]

In 2012, a research group from the University of Tokyo and Ehime University said they had discovered rare earth deposits in Matsuyama.[7]

Geography

Located in the northwestern part of Shikoku, Ehime faces the Seto Inland Sea to the north and is bordered by Kagawa and Tokushima in the east and Kōchi in the south.

The prefecture includes both high mountains in the inland region and a long coastline, with many islands in the Seto Inland Sea. The westernmost arm of Ehime, the Sadamisaki Peninsula, is the narrowest peninsula in Japan.

As of April 1, 2012, 7% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Ashizuri-Uwakai and Setonaikai National Parks; Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park; and seven Prefectural Natural Parks.[8]

Cities

Map of Ehime Prefecture Ja
Map of Ehime Prefecture.
     City      Town
Views from Matsuyama Castle (Iyo) in 2010-9-6 No,3
Matsuyama
Uwajima City view
Uwajima

Eleven cities are located in Ehime Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns in each district:

Ehime agency
The Ehime Prefectural Capitol Building

Mergers

Former districts:

Economy

The coastal areas around Imabari and Saijō host a number of industries, including dockyards of Japan's largest shipbuilder, Imabari Shipbuilding. Chemical industries, oil refining, paper and cotton textile products also are a feature of the prefecture. Rural areas mostly engage in agricultural and fishing industries, and are particularly known for citrus fruits such as mikan (mandarin orange), iyokan and cultured pearls.

Ikata Nuclear Power Plant produces a large portion of Shikoku Electric Power.

Education

Universities and colleges

National

Prefectural

Private

Senior high schools

Prefectural

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Ehime.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Basketball

Culture

The oldest extant hot spring in Japan, Dōgo Onsen, is located in Matsuyama. It has been used for over two thousand years.

Iyo dialect, one of the Shikoku dialects, is the dialect spoken in Ehime Prefecture.

Museums

Transport

Railway

Road

Expressway

Kurushimakaikyo Ohashi bridge from Mt.Kirosan
Kurushima Strait Bridge on the Shimanami Kaidō

National highways

  • Route 11
  • Route 33 (Matsuyama-Kōchi)
  • Route 56 (Matsuyama-Iyo-Uwajima-Sukumo-Susaki-Kōchi)
  • Route 192 (Saijyo-Shikoku Chuo-Yoshinogawa-Tokushima)
  • Route 194
  • Route 196
  • Route 197
  • Route 317 (Matsuyama-Imabari-Onomichi)
  • Route 319
  • Route 320
  • Route 378
  • Route 380
  • Route 437
  • Route 440
  • Route 441
  • Route 494 (Matsuyama-Niyodogawa-Susaki)

Ports

  • Kawanoe Port
  • Niihama Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Toyo Port - Ferry route to Osaka
  • Imabari Port - Ferry route to Innoshima, Hakata Island, and international container hub port
  • Matsuyama Port - Ferry route to Kitakyushu, Yanai, Hiroshima, Kure, and international container hub port
  • Yawatahama Port - Ferry route to Beppu, Usuki
  • Misaki Port - Ferry route to Oita
  • Uwajima Port

Airport

International sister cities / Economic exchange counterparts

Ehime Prefecture is making use of its long tradition of involvement with people overseas through international exchanges in areas such as the economy, culture, sports and education.[9]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e 愛媛県の紹介 > 愛媛県のシンボル. Ehime prefectural website (in Japanese). Ehime Prefecture. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  2. ^ http://extinct-animals-facts.com/Recently-Extinct-Animal-Facts/Extinct-Japanese-River-Otter-Facts.html
  3. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170, p. 170, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Matsuyama" at p. 621, p. 621, at Google Books.
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  6. ^ Chamberlain, Basil Hall. 1882. A translation of the "Ko-ji-ki" or Records of ancient matters. section V
  7. ^ "Japan Discovers Domestic Rare Earths Reserve". BrightWire. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-05-10.
  8. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  9. ^ "International exchange activated with globalization". Ehime Prefecture. Retrieved 2018-10-27.

References

External links

Coordinates: 33°50′N 132°50′E / 33.833°N 132.833°E

Asanami Station

Asanami Station (浅海駅, Asanami-eki) is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y46".

Ehime FC

Ehime Football Club (愛媛フットボールクラブ) is a professional football club based in Matsuyama, the capital city of Ehime Prefecture of Japan. After winning the JFL championship in 2005, the club now plays in J2 League.

FC Imabari

FC Imabari is a Japanese football club based in Imabari city, Ehime Prefecture. They play in the Japan Football League.

Imabari, Ehime

Imabari (今治市, Imabari-shi) is a city in Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It is the second largest city in Ehime Prefecture.

Following a recent merger, as of January 1, 2010, the city has an estimated population of 172,384 and population density of 410.87 persons per km². The total (merged) area is 419.56 km².

Iyo-Hōjō Station

Iyo-Hōjō Station (伊予北条駅, Iyo-Hōjō-eki) is a railway station in Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. The station was opened on 28 March 1926. It is currently used by Shikoku Railway Company for the Yosan Line.

Iyo-Yokota Station

Iyo-Yokota Station (伊予横田駅, Iyo-Yokota-eki) is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Masaki, Iyo District, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "U03".

Iyoshi Station

Iyoshi Station (伊予市駅, Iyoshi-eki) is a train station in Iyo, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. The station is located near Gunchū Port Station on the Gunchū Line, owned by Iyotetsu.

Kita-Iyo Station

Kita-Iyo Station (北伊予駅, Kita-Iyo-eki) is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Masaki, Iyo District, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "U02".

Kita-Uwajima Station

Kita-Uwajima Station (北宇和島駅, Kita-Uwajima-Eki) is a railway station on the Yosan and Yodo lines operated by JR Shikoku, located in Uwajima, Ehime, Japan. This station has one island platform.

Kita-Uwajima Station started its operation on July 2, 1917.

Kitanada Station

Kitanada Station (喜多灘駅, Kitanada-eki) is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Ōzu, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "S11".

Matsuyama Airport

Matsuyama Airport (松山空港, Matsuyama kūkō) (IATA: MYJ, ICAO: RJOM) is an airport located 3 NM (5.6 km; 3.5 mi) west southwest of Matsuyama, Ehime, Japan.

Namikata Station

Namikata Station (波方駅, Namikata-eki) is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Imabari, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y42".

Ningineer Stadium

Ningineer Stadium (ニンジニアスタジアム) a.k.a. Ehime Matsuyama Athletic Stadium or Ehime Prefectural Sports Park Stadium (愛媛県総合運動公園陸上競技場) is a multi-use stadium in Matsuyama, Ehime, Japan, home of Ehime FC. It is a stadium with four concrete stands around the 8-lane athletic track and the grass field. The stadium's capacity is 20,000 people. Since March 2008, Ehime Prefecture sold the naming rights of the stadium to NINGINEER Network Co., Ltd., in order to increase revenue for a future renovation of the stadium.

Teijin SC

Teijin Soccer Club was a Japanese football club based in Ehime. The club has played in Japan Soccer League Division 2.

Uwajima Station

Uwajima Station (宇和島駅, Uwajima-eki) is a railway station in Uwajima, Ehime Prefecture, Japan.

Yanagihara Station (Ehime)

Yanagihara Station (柳原駅, Yanagihara-eki) is a railway station on the Yosan Line in Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Shikoku and has the station number "Y49".

Yoshiki Okamoto

Yoshiki Okamoto (岡本 吉起 Okamoto Yoshiki) (born June 10, 1961, in Ehime Prefecture, Japan), sometimes credited as Kihaji Okamoto, is a video game designer credited with producing popular titles for Konami, including Gyruss and Time Pilot, and Capcom, including Final Fight and Street Fighter II. He later founded the company Game Republic. He created the hit mobile games Dragon Hunter and Monster Strike for Mixi.

Yuya Uemura

Yuya Uemura (上村優也Uemura Yūya born November 18, 1994) is a Japanese professional wrestler currently signed to New Japan Pro-Wrestling.

Ōzu, Ehime

Ōzu (大洲市, Ōzu-shi) is a Japanese city of about 48,000 inhabitants located in Ehime Prefecture.

Shadow picture of Ehime PrefectureEhime Prefecture
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