The Egyptian Army ranks are the military insignia used by the Egyptian Army.
The Egyptian army ranks were changed after the revolution of 1952 and the fall of the monarchy. In the year 1958 the crown was replaced by the Eagle of Saladin (the new coat of arms) and the Turco-Egyptian ranks were changed into Arabic ranks.
|OF-10||OF-9||OF-8||OF-7||OF-6||OF-5||OF-4||OF-3||OF-2||OF-1||OF(D) & Student officer|
|Field Marshal||Colonel General / General||Lieutenant General||Major General||Brigadier General||Colonel||Lieutenant Colonel||Major||Captain||First Lieutenant||Second Lieutenant|
|No equivalent||No equivalent
|Warrant Officer Class 1||Warrant Officer Class 2||Staff Sergeant||Sergeant||Corporal||Private|
The 1947–1949 Palestine war, known in Israel as the War of Independence (Hebrew: מלחמת העצמאות, Milkhemet Ha'Atzma'ut) and in Arabic as The Nakba (lit. Catastrophie, Arabic: النكبة, al-Nakba), was fought in the territory of Palestine under the British Mandate. It is the first war of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the broader Arab–Israeli conflict. During this war, the British Empire had withdrawn from Palestine, which they occupied since 1917. The war culminated in the establishment of the State of Israel by the Jews, and saw the complete demographic transformation of Palestine, with the displacement of around 700,000 Palestinian Arabs and the complete destruction of their villages, towns and cities. The Palestinian Arabs ended up stateless, displaced either to the Palestinian territories captured by Egypt and Jordan or to the surrounding Arab states; many of them, as well as their descendants, remain stateless and in refugee camps. The territory, which was under British administration before the war was now divided between the State of Israel, which captured about 78% of the entire territory, the Kingdom of Jordan (then known as Transjordan) which captured and later annexed the area which would become the West Bank, and Egypt, which captured the Gaza Strip, a coastal territory on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, in which it established the All-Palestine Government.
The war is divided into two main phases. The first phase is the 1947–1948 civil war in Mandatory Palestine. It began on 30 November 1947, a day after the United Nations voted to divide the territory of Palestine into a Jewish and Arab sovereign states, and an international Jerusalem (UN Resolution 181). The Jewish leadership accepted the plan, but the Palestinian Arab leaders, as well as the Arab states, unanimously opposed it and conflict soon began. This phase of the war is described by historians as the "civil", "ethnic" or "intercommunal" war, as it was fought mainly between Jewish and Palestinian Arab militias, supported by the Arab Liberation Army and the surrounding Arab states. Characterised by guerrilla warfare and terrorism, this phase escalated at the end of March 1948 when the Jews went on the offensive and concluded with them defeating the Palestinians in major campaigns and battles, establishing clear frontlines. During this period the British still maintained a declining rule over Palestine and occasionally intervened in the violence.The British Empire scheduled their withdrawal and abandonment of all claims to Palestine to 14 May 1948. On this date, when the last remaining British troops and personnel were on departure at the city of Haifa, the Jewish leadership in Palestine declared the establishment of the State of Israel. This declaration was followed by the immediate invasion of the surrounding Arab armies and expeditionary forces into Palestine, in order to prevent the establishment of Israel and to aid the Palestinian Arabs, who were on the losing side at that point, and a large portion of their population was already fleeing or being forced out by the Jewish militias. The invasion marked the beginning of the second phase of the war, the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The Egyptians advanced on the southern coastal strip and were halted near Ashdod, the Jordanian Arab Legion and Iraqi forces captured the central highlands of Palestine. Syria and Lebanon fought several skirmishes with the Israeli forces in the north. The Jewish militias, which were organised into the Israel Defense Forces managed to halt the Arab forces. The following months saw fierce fighting between the Israeli Defense Forces and the Arab armies which were being slowly pushed back. The Jordanian and Iraqi army managed to maintain control over most of the central highlands of Palestine and capture East Jerusalem, including the Old City. Egypt's occupation zone was limited to the Gaza Strip and a small pocket surrounded by Israeli forces at Al-Faluja. In October and December 1948, the Israeli forces crossed into Lebanese territory and pushed into Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, encircling the Egyptian forces near Gaza. The last military activity happened in March 1949, when the Israeli forces captured the Negev desert and reached the Red Sea. In 1949, Israel signed separate armistices with Egypt on 24 February, Lebanon on 23 March, Transjordan on 3 April, and Syria on 20 July. During this period the flight and expulsion of the Palestinian Arabs continued.
In the three years following the war, about 700,000 Jews fled from Europe and Arab lands and immigrated to Israel, with one third of them having left or been expelled from their previous countries of residence in the Middle East. These Jewish refugees were absorbed into Israel in the One Million Plan.Egyptian Air Defense Forces
The Egyptian Air Defense Forces or EADF (Arabic: قوات الدفاع الجوي, Quwwat El-Difa' El-Gawwi), is the Anti-aircraft warfare branch of the Egyptian Armed Forces. It is responsible for protecting the Egyptian airspace against any hostile air attacks. The EADF was established in accordance with the presidential decree issued on February 1, 1968, which provided for the establishment of the Air Defense Forces as the fourth branch, next to the Navy, Egyptian Ground Forces, and Egyptian Air Force, formerly part of the artillery and under the operation command of the Air Force. Egypt has a modern system of air defense armament, characterized by diverse sources between east and west, which is divided between anti-aircraft missiles long, medium and short-range anti-aircraft artillery systems and early warning radars.
Officers are mostly graduates of the Egyptian Air Defense Academy, located in Alexandria. The headquarters is in Cairo, and currently the Commander in Chief is Lieutenant General. Ali Fahmi and the Chief of Staff is Staff Major General. Mohamed Darrag. The Egyptian air defense forces consists of 30,000 officers & soldiers plus 50,000 conscripts.Egyptian Air Force ranks
The following are the ranks used by the 'Egyptian Air Force, which are based primarily on those of the Royal Air Force.Egyptian Army Uniform
The Egyptian Army uses a British Army Style ceremonial outfit, and a desert camouflage overall implemented in 2012. The Identification between different branches in the Egyptian Army depends on the branch insignia on the left upper arm and the color of the beret. Also, the airborne, Thunderbolt, and republican guard each has its own camouflage overall.Egyptian Navy ranks
This article states the ranks and rank insignia used by the Egyptian Navy.Egyptian military ranks
Egyptian military ranks may refer to:
Egyptian Army ranks
Egyptian Air Force ranks
Egyptian Navy ranksList of comparative military ranks
This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.Military ranks of the Kingdom of Egypt
The Turco-Egyptian ranks were the military ranks used by the Kingdom of Egypt from 1922 until they were changed in 1958 after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 and the abolition of the monarchy. The names are Turco-Egyptian (i.e. derived from Ottoman Turkish and Arabic), and are derived at least in part from the pre-existing military structure developed out of the reforms of Muhammad Ali Pasha. The design of the rank insignia was completely British with high ranks given only to British officers during Britain's occupation of Egypt. The rank of Sirdar was given to the British Commander-in-Chief of the Egyptian Army.
Military ranks and insignia by country
|Commonwealth of Nations|