Egolzwil

Egolzwil is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Egolzwil
Skyline of Egolzwil
Coat of arms of Egolzwil

Coat of arms
Location of Egolzwil
Egolzwil is located in Switzerland
Egolzwil
Egolzwil
Egolzwil is located in Canton of Lucerne
Egolzwil
Egolzwil
Coordinates: 47°11′N 8°0′E / 47.183°N 8.000°ECoordinates: 47°11′N 8°0′E / 47.183°N 8.000°E
CountrySwitzerland
CantonLucerne
DistrictWillisau
Area
 • Total4.17 km2 (1.61 sq mi)
Elevation
523 m (1,716 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total1,457
 • Density350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Postal code
6243
SFOS number1127
Surrounded byDagmersellen, Nebikon, Schötz, Wauwil
Websitewww.egolzwil.ch
Profile ‹See Tfd›(in German), SFSO statistics

History

Egolzwil is first mentioned around 1160 as Eigoltiswile.[3] During World War II, mainly Allied soldiers who were caught after their escape from the Swiss internment camps, were detained in the prison camp Wauwilermoos.[4][5][6]

Geography

Egolzwil has an area, as of 2006, of 4.2 km2 (1.6 sq mi). Of this area, 61.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 24% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 12.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.2%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[7] In the 1997 land survey, 23.74% of the total land area was forested. Of the agricultural land, 58.51% is used for farming or pastures, while 3.6% is used for orchards or vine crops. Of the settled areas, 6.95% is covered with buildings, 1.2% is industrial, 0.24% is classed as special developments, 0.24% is parks or greenbelts and 4.32% is transportation infrastructure. Of the unproductive areas, 0.72% is unproductive standing water (ponds or lakes), and 0.48% is unproductive flowing water (rivers).

The municipality is located on the northern edge of the Wauwilermoos. It consists of the linear village of Egolzwil.

Demographics

Egolzwil has a population (as of 31 December 2017) of 1,483.[8] As of 2007, 105 or about 8.2% are not Swiss citizens.[9] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.0%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 2.3%) and Albanian being third ( 1.2%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the CVP which received 45.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (26.8%), the SVP (17.6%) and the Green Party (5.4%).

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Egolzwil is; 331 people or 25.9% of the population is 0–19 years old. 347 people or 27.1% are 20–39 years old, and 474 people or 37.1% are 40–64 years old. The senior population distribution is 92 people or 7.2% are 65–79 years old, 31 or 2.4% are 80–89 years old and 4 people or 0.3% of the population are 90+ years old.[10]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Egolzwil about 72.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

As of 2000 there are 442 households, of which 119 households (or about 26.9%) contain only a single individual. 78 or about 17.6% are large households, with at least five members.[10] As of 2000 there were 253 inhabited buildings in the municipality, of which 203 were built only as housing, and 50 were mixed use buildings. There were 145 single family homes, 35 double family homes, and 23 multi-family homes in the municipality. Most homes were either two (109) or three (70) story structures. There were only 13 single story buildings and 11 four or more story buildings.[10]

Egolzwil has an unemployment rate of 1.6%. As of 2005, there were 48 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 17 businesses involved in this sector. 113 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 12 businesses in this sector. 301 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 25 businesses in this sector.[7] As of 2000 53.6% of the population of the municipality were employed in some capacity. At the same time, females made up 42% of the workforce.

In the 2000 census the religious membership of Egolzwil was; 988 (80.6%) were Roman Catholic, and 95 (7.7%) were Protestant, with an additional 34 (2.77%) that were of some other Christian faith. There are 28 individuals (2.28% of the population) who are Muslim. Of the rest; there were 6 (0.49%) individuals who belong to another religion (not listed), 27 (2.2%) who do not belong to any organized religion, 48 (3.92%) who did not answer the question.[10]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
about 1695 ca. 200
1798 340
1850 576
1900 438
1950 522
2000 1,226

Heritage sites of national significance

Wauwil-Pfahlbauten-2
Reconstruction of three pile dwellings at Wauwilermoos

The prehistoric lakeside settlement at Wauwilermoos is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[11] The Egolzwil 3 settlement is part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[12]

Egolzwil 3 is one of several sites in the Wauwilermoos (Wauwil bog) and is an example of the Egolzwil culture. The settlement is considered the oldest in Switzerland.[13] The dendrochronological dating of the wooden piles is uncertain, but they are from around 4300 BC.

The site was first excavated by H. Reinerth in 1932 and by E. Vogt and R. Wyss between 1950 and 1988. The settlement was occupied for only about 6 years and had several rows of houses with bark covered floors. A number of ceramic, stone, flint and antler tools were found, along with round bottom pots, flagons and beakers.[13]

References

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Egolzwil in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Franz Kasperski (7 September 2015). "Abgeschossen von der neutralen Schweiz" (in German). Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen SRF. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  5. ^ "Forced Landing". climage.ch. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Gedenkstein für Internierten-Straflager" (in German). Schweiz aktuell. 23 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  7. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  8. ^ "STAT-TAB – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit" (online database) (official site) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office - FSO. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  9. ^ "LUSTAT-Canton Lucerne Statistical Office]" (in German). Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  10. ^ a b c d "LUSTAT Lucerne Cantonal Statistics" (in German). Archived from the original on 27 November 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2009.
  11. ^ "A-Objekte KGS-Inventar" (PDF). Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft, Amt für Bevölkerungsschutz. 1 January 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  12. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Site - Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps
  13. ^ a b palafittes.org nomination documents Archived 2012-03-30 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 17 January 2012.

External links

Canton of Lucerne

The canton of Lucerne (German: Kanton Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. It is located in the centre of Switzerland. The population of the canton (as of 31 December 2017) is 406,506. As of 2007, the population included 57,268 foreigners, or about 15.8% of the total population. The cantonal capital is Lucerne.

Dagmersellen

Dagmersellen is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

On 1 January 2006, the former municipalities of Buchs and Uffikon were merged into Dagmersellen, causing a one-third increase in its population and a marked increase in its territorial area.

Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Lucerne

The Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Lucern or in German the Evangelisch-Reformierte Kirche des Kantons Luzern is a Reformed state church in the Canton of Lucerne, Switzerland.

In 2004 it had 43,000 members, 18 parishes and 35 ordained clergy. It has Presbyterian-Synodal church government. Congregations are founded in Aesch, Adligenswil, Alberswil, Altishofen, Altwis, Baldegg, Ballwil, Beromünster, Bramboden, Buchrain, Buchs, Büron, Buttisholtz, Dagmersellen, Dierikon, Doppleschwand, Ebersecken, Ebikon, Egolzwil, Eich, Emmen, Entlebuch, Ermensee, Ecshenbach, Escholzmatt, Ettiswil, Fischbach, Flühli, Geiss, Gelfingen, Gettnau, Geuensee, Gisikon, Greppen, Grossdietwil, Grosswangen, Gunzwil, Hamikon, Hasle, Heiligkreuz, Hergiswil, Herlisberg, Hertenstein, Hildisrieden, Hitzkirch, Hochdorf, Hohenrain, Honau, Horw, Inwil, Kleinwangen, Knutwil, Knottwil, Kriens, Kulmerau, Lieli, Luzern, Littau, Luthern, Malters, Marbach, Mauensee, Meggen, Meierskappen, Menznau, Mosen, Nebikon, Neudorf, Nottwil, Oberkirch, Ohmstahl, Pfaffnau, Retcshwil, Rickenbach, Root, Romoos, Ruswil, Schenkon, Schötz, St. Erhardt, Sulz, Sursee, Triengen, Uffikon, Ufhusen, Vitznau, Wauwil, Weggis, Werthenstein, Wiggen, Wikon, Wilihof, Wolhusen, Zell.Member of the Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches. It subscribes the Leuenberg Concordia (1973).

Grosser Hafner

Grossner Hafner is one of the 111 serial sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, of which are 56 located in Switzerland.

Kleiner Hafner

Kleiner Hafner is one of the 111 serial sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, of which are 56 located in Switzerland.

List of World Heritage Sites in Switzerland

This is a list of World Heritage Sites in Switzerland with properties of cultural and natural heritage in Switzerland as inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List or as on the country's tentative list. Switzerland accepted the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage on 17 September 1975, after which it could nominate properties on their territory to be considered for the World Heritage List.Currently, eleven properties in or partially in Switzerland are inscribed on the World Heritage List. Eight of these are cultural properties and three are natural properties. The first three were added to the list in 1983 and the latest in 2011. There is one site, Œuvre urbaine et architecturale de Le Corbusier, which has been on the tentative list since 2004, though in 2016 a larger collection of Le Corbusier's work, The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement was inscribed.The names in the tables below are the names of the properties as used on the website of UNESCO. There are three different types of properties possible: cultural, natural, and mixed. Selection criteria i, ii, iii, iv, v, and vi are the cultural criteria, and selection criteria vii, viii, ix, and x are the natural criteria. The years for the properties on the World Heritage List are the years of inscription, the years for the tentative list are those of submission.

Municipalities of the canton of Lucerne

The following are the 83 municipalities of the canton of Lucerne, Switzerland (as of January 2013).

Nebikon

Nebikon is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Prehistoric pile dwellings around Lake Zurich

Prehistoric pile dwellings around Lake Zurich comprises 11 – or 10% of all European pile dwelling sites – of a total of 56 prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps in Switzerland, that are located around Lake Zurich in the cantons of Schwyz, St. Gallen and Zürich.

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps is a series of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. 111 sites, located in Switzerland (56), Italy (19), Germany (18), France (11), Austria (5 sites), and Slovenia (2), were added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2011. In Slovenia, this was the first listed cultural world heritage site.Excavations, conducted in only some of the sites, have yielded evidence that provides insight into life in prehistoric times during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in Alpine Europe, and the way communities interacted with their environment. As the nomination stated, the settlements are a unique group of exceptionally well-preserved and culturally rich archaeological sites which constitute one of the most important sources for the study of early agrarian societies in the region.Contrary to popular belief, the houses were not erected over water, but on nearby marshy land. They were set on piles to protect against occasional flooding. Because the lakes have grown in size over time, many of the original piles are now under water, giving modern observers the false impression that they have always been this way.

Schötz

Schötz is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipality of Ohmstal merged into the municipality of Schötz.

Sechseläutenplatz, Zürich

Sechseläutenplatz (literally: Sechseläuten square) is the largest town square situated in Zürich, Switzerland. Its name derives from the Sechseläuten (the city's traditional spring holiday), which is celebrated on the square in April.

Wauwil

Wauwil is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Wauwilermoos

Wauwilermoos, a bog respectively drained lake in the canton of Luzern in Switzerland.Wauwilermoos internment camp, an internment respectively a Prisoner-of-war camp during World War II in Switzerland, situated in the municipalities of Wauwil and Egolzwil.

Wauwilermoos pile dwelling settlement, also known as Egolzwil 3, one of the 111 serial sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps.

Wauwilermoos internment camp

Wauwilermoos was an internment camp and prisoner-of-war penal camp in Switzerland during World War II. It was situated in the municipalities of Wauwil and Egolzwil in the Canton of Lucerne (Luzern). Established in 1940, Wauwilermoos was a penal camp for internees, including Allied soldiers, among them members of the United States Army Air Forces, who were sentenced for attempting to escape from other Swiss camps for interned soldiers, or other offences. Together with Hünenberg and Les Diablerets, Wauwilermoos was one of three Swiss penal camps for internees that were established in Switzerland during World War II. The intolerable conditions were later described by numerous former inmates and by various contemporary reports and studies.

Wauwilermoos pile dwelling settlement (Egolzwil 3)

Wauwilermoos or Egolzwil 3 is one of the 111 serial sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, of which are 56 located in Switzerland.

Willisau District

Willisau District is one of the five districts (German: Ämter) of the German-speaking Canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. Its capital is the town of Willisau. It has a population of 53,875 (as of 31 December 2017). In 2013 its name was changed from Amt Willisau to Wahlkreis Willisau as part of a reorganization of the canton. A sixth Wahlkreis was created, but in Willisau everything else remained essentially unchanged.

Willisau District consists of the following municipalities:

^a 1992/97 survey gives a total area of 337.45 km2 (130.29 sq mi) without including certain large lakes, while the 2000 survey includes lakes but due to other changes is slightly lower.

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