Egmore

Egmore is a neighbourhood of Chennai, India. Situated on the northern banks of the Coovum River, Egmore is an important residential area as well as a commercial and transportation hub. The Egmore Railway Station was the main terminus of the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway and later, the metre gauge section of the Southern division of the Indian Railways. It continues to be an important railway junction. The Government Museum, Chennai is also situated in Egmore. Other important institutions based in Egmore include the Government Women and Children's Hospital, the Tamil Nadu State Archives and the Tamil Nadu Archaeology Department. The Wesley Church, Egmore is the oldest church of the region.

Egmore
neighbourhood
Egmore is located in Chennai
Egmore
Egmore
Coordinates: 13°04′41″N 80°15′32″E / 13.078°N 80.259°ECoordinates: 13°04′41″N 80°15′32″E / 13.078°N 80.259°E
CountryIndia
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictChennai
MetroChennai
Named forRailway Station
Government
 • TypeCorporation
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
600008
Vidhan Sabha constituencyEgmore

History

The earliest references to Egmore occur in the inscriptions of the Chola king Kulothunga I.[1] Under the Chola Empire, Egmore was the headquarters of an administrative division or Nadu called Elumbur Nadu.[1] An inscription of the Nellore Chola king Vijaya Kanda Gopal dated 2 September 1264 speaks of a village in Elumur-Tudarmuni Nadu in Pulal Kottam. A Vijayanagar period inscription of Sriranganatha Yadavaraya records an endowment to a monastery in Thiruvottriyur by a resident of Serruppedu (identified with the present day Chetpet) in Elumur-Tudarmuni Nadu.

Egmore is the Anglicised form of "Ezhumbur", the name of a pre-British era village situated on the northern banks of the River.[2] Despite the fact that Egmore had been a part of the East India Company's possessions since 1720, it was not until the "Golden age of British rule" stretching from 1858 to 1947 that Egmore witnessed some real growth. The Egmore Museum was one of the first notable monuments to be constructed here. The construction of this famous landmark was undertaken immediately after the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. The Connemara Library was created as an annex housing the Museum's vast book collection and became operational in 1896.

Egmore, in 1796, was the site of the Military Male Orphan Asylum near Madras. This asylum was headed by Andrew Bell, who invented the Madras System for schooling there.

Location in context

Various buildings

Chennai Egmore facade panorama
Egmore Railway station
Madras museum theatre in October 2007
Museum Theatre in Government museum, Egmore, Chennai
St.Andrew church, kirk, chennai
St Andrew's Church
Connemara Public Library
Connemara Public Library
Churches
Education

Politics

Egmore vote
by alliance in assembly elections
Year All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
2006 40.3% 31,975 48.5% 38,455
2001 47.6% 33,103 47.7% 33,189
1996 19.7% 13,876 72.6% 51,061
1991 47.8% 21,936 50.5% 23,139
1989* 21.1% 16,124 49.8% 38,032
1984 47.4% 27,246 51.8% 29,795
1980 37.6% 23,444 61.2% 38,200
1977 28.0% 19,414 38.6% 26,746

State assembly politics

Egmore has been a stronghold for Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK), ever since the party's creation. Other than barely losing to Congress in 1962 election, it has consistently voted for DMK, even during times of low popularity for the DMK. However it is worth noting, that recently the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK), have made significant in-grounds, like they have in many localities around Chennai, which used to be DMK strongholds. Egmore is also 1 of the two total constituents won by DMK in 1991 election. This constituent is reserved for scheduled caste. This is also the first MLA seat held by K Anbazhagan, when he won it in 1957 election.

  • Note: In 1989, ADMK was split between Janaki faction and Jayalalithaa faction, and only the Jayalalithaa faction is reported in the ADMK column since they were the highest vote getter from the divided faction. The Janaki faction got 4,293, which is about 5.6% of the voters.

Lok Sabha politics

Egmore assembly constituency is part of Chennai Central (Lok Sabha constituency).[4]

Transport

Egmorestation1926
Madras Egmore railway station in 1926

Egmore Railway Station is the second most important in the state of Tamil Nadu after the Chennai Central Railway Station. It was constructed in 1908 and functioned as the headquarters of the now defunct Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway till 1951.

Egmore is well connected to other parts of the city. Many of the state-run Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) buses run through Egmore. Egmore has its own suburban train station on the Chennai Beach - Tambaram railway line, which connects it to other parts of the city.

References

  1. ^ a b Venkayya, V. (June 1905). E. Hultzsch, ed. The Triplicane Inscription of Dantivarman. Epigraphia Indica. 8. Government of India.
  2. ^ ChennaiCorporation.com: The Leading Chennai Corporation Site on the Net
  3. ^ History of Wesley church
  4. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-08.

External links

Alsa Mall

Alsa Mall is a shopping mall on Montieth Road in the neighbourhood of Egmore in Chennai, India. Established in the mid-1980s, along with the Spencer Plaza, it is one of the oldest surviving malls in the city.

Aminjikarai taluk

Aminjikarai taluk is a taluk of the city district of Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was formed in December 2013 from parts of the erstwhile Perambur-Purasawalkam taluk and the Egmore-Nungambakkam taluk. It comprises the neighbourhoods of Aminjikarai, Anna Nagar, Arumbakkam, Koyambedu, Thirumangalam, Vada Agaram and Villivakkam.

Anantapuri Express

Ananthapuri Express is an express train running between Kollam Junction and Chennai Egmore via Thiruvananthapuram Central, Tiruchirappalli, Madurai and Tirunelveli through the trunk line and chord lines in Southern India. It is a daily overnight service. From Chennai Egmore, train no:16723 departs by 19:50 hours and reaches Kollam Junction at 13:00 hours the next day. The parallel train numbered 16724 starts 15:00 Hours from Kollam and reaches Chennai around 08:05 hours the next day. Proposal of the train was on 30 June 2002 Central budget of railways, operating six days a week. Later in 2005 it is made daily train. In the beginning it ran between Chennai Egmore and Thiruvananthapuram Central. In 2017 Central budget, it is extended to Kollam with effect from 1 November 2017.

Chennai Central railway station

Chennai Central (Tamil: சென்னை சென்ட்ரல், officially the Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. Ramachandran Central Railway Station), formerly known as Madras Central, station code: MAS), is the main railway terminus in the city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is the busiest railway station in South India and one of the most important hubs in the country. It is connected to Moore Market Complex railway station, Chennai Central metro station, Chennai Park railway station, Park Town railway station and is 2 km from Chennai Egmore railway station. The terminus connects the city to all northern cities of India, including Kolkata, Mumbai and New Delhi.

The century-old building of the railway station, designed by architect George Harding, is one of the most prominent landmarks of Chennai. The station is also a main hub for the Chennai Suburban Railway system. It lies adjacent to the current headquarters of the Southern Railway and the Ripon Building. During the British Raj, the station served as the gateway to South India, and the station is still used as a landmark for the city and the state.

The station was renamed twice, from Madras Central to Chennai Central in 1996, to reflect the name change of the city of Madras to Chennai, and then to

Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M. G. Ramachandran Central railway station in 2019 , after the late Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.

About 550,000 passengers use the terminus every day, making it the busiest railway station in South India. Along with Chennai Egmore, Coimbatore Junction, and Karur Junction, the Central terminus is among the most profitable stations of Southern Railways. As per a report published in 2007 by the Indian Railways, Chennai Central and Secunderabad were awarded 183 points out of a maximum of 300 for cleanliness, the highest in the country.

Chennai Egmore railway station

Chennai Egmore Railway Station (formerly known as Madras Egmore Railway Station) is a railway station in Chennai, India. Situated in the neighborhood of Egmore, it is one of the four intercity railway terminals in the city and the other three railway stations are Chennai Central railway station , Tambaram railway station and Chennai Beach railway station. The station was built in 1906-08 as the terminus of the South Indian Railway Company. The building built in Gothic style is one of the prominent landmarks of Chennai. The main entrance to the station is situated on Gandhi-Irwin Road and the rear entrance on Poonamallee High Road.

The station was apparently constructed from 8679 on land purchased from Pulney Andy, The building is built in the Gothic style of architecture with imposing domes and corridors. It is one of the prominent landmarks of the city of Chennai. The recently opened northern entrance to this railway station is on the arterial Poonamalee High road in Chennai city.

Chennai Egmore–Kollam Junction Express

The Chennai Egmore-Kollam Junction Express (16101/16102) is a daily train that runs between Chennai Egmore and Kollam Junction railway station in India. It is the reintroduction of 114 year old Quilon Mail, which was running between Madras and Quilon.

Chennai Egmore–Thanjavur main line

The Chennai Egmore–Thanjavur main line connects Chennai Egmore and Thanjavur Junction both in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The Chennai Egmore – Thanjavur main line is part of Chennai – Viluppuram – Kumbakonam – Thanjavur – Tiruchirappalli line. There are several branch lines (included here): Chengalpattu – Arakkonam (links to Chennai Central-Bengaluru City line, Guntakal-Chennai Egmore section), Viluppuram – Puducherry, Cuddalore – Virudhachalam, Mayiladuthurai – Thiruvarur, and Peralam – Nagapattinam sectors. The line connects the Kaveri delta to Chennai.

Chennai Suburban Railway

The Chennai Suburban Railway is a commuter rail system in the city of Chennai (Madras), Tamil Nadu, India, operated by the Southern Railway, one of the operating railway zones of the Indian Railways. It is the second largest suburban rail network in terms of route length and the third largest in terms of commuters in India. Around 1000 EMU services are operated daily from 4.00 a.m to 12.00 a.m.

Chennai has a complex railway network. It is the third busiest suburban rail system in India after Mumbai and Kolkata. It has separate tracks for local and express trains. The system uses electrical multiple units (EMUs) operating on alternating current (AC) drawn from over-head cables through the catenary system. The total system spans around 1,174.21 km of which only 509.71 km have dedicated dual tracks for suburban EMUs, the rest share tracks with other trains and are called mainline EMUs (MEMUs). As of 2013, the suburban sector has 1000 services, including 250 in the Beach–Tambaram section, 240 services in the Chennai Central–Arakkonam section, and 90 in the Chennai Central–Gummidipoondi. As of 2015–2016, 1.46 million people use the suburban train services daily. This includes 500,000 in the Beach–Tambaram section, 350,000 in the Central–Arakkonam section, and 100,000 in the Central–Gummidipoondi section. This is a 13.2 percent increase over the previous year. A total of 65 stations in the suburban section have bicycle stands.

Egmore (state assembly constituency)

Egmore (SC) is a constituency of the legislative assembly of Tamil Nadu, India. It includes the locality of Egmore, which is in Chennai. The seat is reserved for candidates from the Scheduled Castes. Egmore assembly constituency is part of Chennai Central constituency for national elections to the Parliament of India.

Egmore metro station

Egmore Metro station is a Metro railway station on Line 2 of the Chennai Metro. The station is among the underground stations coming up along corridor II of the Chennai Metro, Chennai Central–St. Thomas Mount stretch. The station will serve the neighbourhoods of Egmore and Vepery.

Egmore taluk

Egmore taluk is a taluk of the city district of Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was formed in December 2013 from parts of the Egmore-Nungambakkam taluk. It comprises the neighbourhoods of Egmore and Nungambakkam.

Government Museum, Chennai

The Government Museum or Madras Museum is a museum of human history and culture located in the neighbourhood of Egmore in Chennai, India. Started in 1851, it is the second oldest museum in India after the Indian Museum in Kolkata. It is particularly rich in archaeological and numismatic collections. It has the largest collection of Roman antiquities outside Europe. Among them, the colossal Museum Theatre is one of the most impressive. The National Art Gallery is also present in the museum premises. Built in Indo-Saracenic style, it houses rare works of artists like Raja Ravi Varma.

Guntakal–Renigunta section

Guntakal–Renigunta section connects Guntakal and Renigunta in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is administered under Guntakal railway division of South Central Railway zone. It has a total route length of 309.50 km (192.31 mi).

Heritage structures in Chennai

Chennai, with historically rich records dating from the British era, houses 2,467 heritage buildings within its metropolitan area (CMA), the highest within any Metropolitan Area limit in India. Most of these buildings are around 200 years old and older. Some of them are Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore, Ripon Building, Bharat Insurance Building, and so forth. Chennai is home to the second largest collection of heritage buildings in the country, after Kolkata. The official list of heritage buildings was compiled by the Justice E. Padmanabhan committee.The structures will be categorised into three grades, namely, Grades I, II, and III. Grade I structures will be prime landmarks upon which no alterations will be permitted. Under Grade II, external changes on structures will be subject to scrutiny. Buildings under Grade III may be changed for 'adaptive reuse' with suitable internal and external changes.

Kilpauk

Kilpauk is a semi residential area located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. The distance from Chennai's city center to Kilpauk is about 6 km. The region is situated off the Poonamallee High Road in the west. Adjacent areas of Kilpauk include Chetpet, Egmore, Anna Nagar and Purasawalkam.

The nearest railway station for Kilpauk is the one at Chetpet. This railway station lies to the south of Kilpauk and not more than a kilometre away. There are two metro stations which connects to Kilpauk, they are Nehru Park and Kilpauk (entrance of the Kilpauk Medical College). The Chennai Airport is about 18 km from Kilpauk.

There is a famous temple called Pathala Ponniamman Temple (Hindu Worship Place).

This place was a cantonment area for British troops before India's independence.

It has a water-treatment plant.

Mambalam taluk

Mambalam taluk is a taluk of the city district of Chennai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was formed in December 2013 from parts of the former Egmore-Nungambakkam taluk and the Mambalam-Guindy taluk. It comprises the neighbourhoods of K. K. Nagar, Kodambakkam, Mambalam, Saligramam, Saidapet and Virugambakkam.

Regional Institute of Ophthalmology and Government Ophthalmic Hospital, Chennai

The Regional Institute of Ophthalmology and Government Ophthalmic Hospital (commonly called Egmore Eye Hospital) Chennai, is the oldest eye hospital in the Indian subcontinent and in Asia. The institute was established in 1819 and is the second oldest hospital of its kind, next only to the Moorfield Eye Hospital in the United Kingdom.The hospital is associated with the prestigious Government General Hospital and Madras Medical College, Chennai and is affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University.

Viluppuram Junction railway station

Viluppuram Junction is a junction railway station located in Viluppuram, Tamil Nadu. Being a prominent railway station, it serves as the distribution point of rail traffic from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu, towards the southern parts of the state. It is the second largest junction by number of branch lines in the state of Tamil Nadu after Salem junction. It is one of the A Grade train stations in Tamil Nadu.

Wesley Church, Egmore

Wesley Church is one of the oldest churches in Egmore area of Chennai, the capital of the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The original structure was built in Gothic architecture in 1905 by Wesleyan Mission. It was constructed at Egmore considering the growing needs of it in the area around Egmore. The church is named after John Wesley, the founder of Methodist Movement in 140 countries.

Wesley Church is a working church with hourly prayer and daily services and follows Protestant sect of Christianity. The church also celebrates Harvest festival every year during the month of November. In modern times, it is under the dominion of Diocese of Madras of the Church of South India. It is one of the most prominent landmarks of Egmore.

Areas of Chennai
Neighbourhoods of Chennai

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