Edzard II, Count of East Frisia

Edzard II, Count of East Frisia was count of East Frisia, (24 June 1532, in Greetsiel – 1 March 1599, in Aurich) and the son of Enno II of East Frisia and Anna of Oldenburg.

During his reign, he came into conflict with the city of Emden. Edzard was a staunch Lutheran while the city of Emden was mostly Calvinistic. In 1595 Emden revolted and, after an intercession by the Calvinistic Dutch Republic, Edzard was forced to accept a large degree of independence from Emden.

Edzard II
Counts of East Frisia
Edzardii
Edzard II, count of East Frisia
Reign1561–1599
PredecessorEnno II
SuccessorEnno III
Born24 June 1532
Greetsiel
Died1 March 1599 (aged 66)
Aurich
SpouseKatarina of Sweden
HouseCirksena
FatherEnno II
MotherAnna of Oldenburg

Life

Edzard II had a dispute with his dominant mother, Anna. She had abolished his right of primogeniture, in an attempt to curb the influence of the Swedish royal family. She decreed that Edzard should rule East Frisia jointly with his younger brothers Johan and Christopher. When Christopher died early, Edzard ran into a strong and almost hateful rivalry with his brother Johan II. The power struggle between two increasingly hamstrung their government. After Johan died in 1591, Edzard became the sole ruler, but his authority had been severely hit by the ongoing conflict.

At the request of the Estates, Edzard founded the High Court in Aurich in 1593.

In 1595, the city of Emden revolted. In the course of this Emden Revolution, the Cirksena family were driven out of Emden. Under pressure from the Dutch States General, Edzard signed on 5 July 1595 the Treaty of Delfzijl, which gave Emden a large degree of independence.

During Edzard's reign, the Counts of East Frisia definitively lost the Lordship of Jever. Maria of Jever, the last baroness, died and left her territory to the Counts of Oldenburg.

Edzard died on 1 March 1599. The Great Church at Emden refused to allow him to be buried in the Cirksena family vault, because he was a Lutheran and it was a Reformed church. He was buried on 13 May 1599 in the St. Lambert Church in Aurich. He was the first member of the Cirksena family to be buried there. However, all later family members were buried in this church, until the family died out in 1744.

Marriage and issue

Married to Katarina Vasa, daughter of King Gustav I of Sweden, on October 1, 1559 in Stockholm. He was the only ruler of East Frisia who ever married a princess. Through this marriage, the Swedish royal family sought to secure their influence on the North Sea coast.

They had the following children:

  1. Margareta of East Frisia, 1560–1588
  2. Anna of Ostfriesland, 1562–1621, married:
    1. in Heidelberg, on 12 July 1583, Louis VI, Elector Palatine (1539-1583)
    2. on 21 December 1585, Ernest Frederick, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (1560-1604)
    3. in Grabow, on 7 March 1617, Julius Henry, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (1586-1665)
  3. Enno III of East Frisia, 1563–1625, married
    1. on 29 January 1589, Walburgis, Countess of Rietberg, daughter of John II, Count of Rietberg
    2. in Esens, on 28 January 1598, Anna of Holstein-Gottorp, daughter of Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
  4. John III of Rietberg, born 1566, died 29 September 1625, married:
    1. on 4 March 1601, his niece Countess Sabina Catherine of Rietberg, daughter of his brother Enno III
  5. Christopher of East Frisia, 1569–1636, married:
    1. on 13 August 1613, Lambertine de Ligne (1593-1651)
  6. Edzard of East Frisia, 1572?-1573
  7. Elizabeth of East Frisia, 1572?-1573
  8. Sophia of East Frisia, 1574–1630
  9. Karl Otto of East Frisia, 1577-1603.
  10. Maria of East Frisia, 1582–1616, married:
    1. on 1 September 1614, Julius Ernst of Braunschweig-Dannenberg (1571-1636); she was his first wife

Edzard II was an ancestor of Queens Elizabeth II and Beatrix of the Netherlands.[1]

Ancestors

Ancestors of Edzard II, Count of East Frisia
16. Enno Edzardisna
8. Ulrich I of East Frisia
17. Gela of Manslagt
4. Edzard I, Count of East Frisia
18. Uko Fockena
9. Theda Ukena
19. Heba Attena
2. Enno II of East Frisia
20. Conrad V, Count of Rietberg
10. John I, Count of Rietberg
21. Jacoba of Neuenahr
5. Elisabeth of Rietberg
22. Bernard VII, Lord of Lippe
11. Margaret of Lippe
23. Anna of Holstein-Schauenburg
1. Edzard II, Count of East Frisia
24. Dietrich of Oldenburg
12. Gerhard VI, Count of Oldenburg
25. Helvig of Schauenburg
6. John V, Count of Oldenburg
26. Otto VII, Count of Tecklenburg
13. Adelheid of Tecklenburg
27. Ermengard of Hoya-Nienburg
3. Anna of Oldenburg
28. Sigismund I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
14. George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
29. Judith of Querfurt
7. Anna of Anhalt-Zerbst
30. Albert VIII, Count of Lindow-Ruppin
15. Anna of Lindow-Ruppin
31. Anna of Sagan
Edzard II, Count of East Frisia
Born: 24 June 1532 Died: 1 March 1599
Preceded by
Anna of Oldenburg
as Regent
Count of East Frisia
1561–1599
Succeeded by
Enno III

Footnotes

  1. ^ See Talk:Edzard II, Count of East Frisia for the line of descent
1559 in Sweden

Events from the year 1559 in Sweden

Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Adolphus Frederick II (19 October 1658 – 12 May 1708), Duke of Mecklenburg, was the first Duke of the Mecklenburg-Strelitz, reigning from 1701 until his death. Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a part of the Holy Roman Empire.

Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (Schwerin, 1 July 1627 – Halle, 11 December 1669) was a German noblewoman, a member of the House of Mecklenburg and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.

She was the fourth child and second daughter of Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by his first wife Anna Maria, daughter of Enno III, Count of Ostfriesland. In older historiography she appears with a third name, Dorothea, but modern historians have discarded it.

Anna Maria of Ostfriesland

Anna Maria of Ostfriesland (23 June 1601 – 15 February 1634) was a German noblewoman.

She was a daughter of Count Enno III of East Frisia and Anna of Holstein-Gottorp. Her paternal grandmother was Katharina of Sweden, a daughter of Gustav I of Sweden and his second wife Margareta Leijonhufvud.

On 4 September 1622 she married Adolf Frederick I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1588–1658). They had the following children:

Christian Louis I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (11 December 1623 – 21 June 1692)

Sophia Agnes of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (11 January 1625 – 26 December 1694)

Karl, Duke of Mecklenburg-Mirow (8 March 1626 – 20 August 1670)

Anna Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1 July 1627 – 11 December 1669), married Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels (ancestors of George III of the United Kingdom).

Johann Georg of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (5 May 1629 – 9 July 1675)

Hedwig of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (11 August 1630 – 17 May 1631)

Gustav Adolf of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (26 February 1632 – 14 May 1670)

Juliane of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (8 November 1633 – 3 February 1634)

Anne of Ostfriesland

Anne of Ostfriesland (Aurich, June 26, 1562 – Neuhaus upon Elbe, April 21, 1621) was the eldest daughter of Edzard II, Count of East Frisia and his wife, Katarina Vasa, daughter of Gustav I of Sweden.

Anne married three times:

First, on July 12, 1583 in Heidelberg, to the Elector Palatine, Louis VI. He died on October 22 of the same year.

Second, Anne remarried on December 21, 1585, Ernest Frederick, Margrave of Baden-Durlach. He died April 14, 1604.

Third, Anne married on March 7, 1617 in Grabow, Julius Henry, later Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg. The duke was 26 years younger than his wife and outlived her by many decades, dying on November 20, 1665.Anne had no living children by any of her husbands. She was buried in the Church of the Holy Spirit, Heidelberg, but her grave is not preserved.

Anton Florian, Prince of Liechtenstein

Anton Florian (28 May 1656 – 11 October 1721) was the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1718 and 1721.

He was born in Wilfersdorf, in what is now Lower Austria. During the War of the Spanish Succession, he went to Spain, where he was the Chief Intendant and Prime Minister of the Archduke Karl, who became Emperor Charles VI after the sudden death of his brother in 1711. Florian returned to Vienna for Charles's coronation. He was the Imperial Chief Intendant and Chairman of the Secret Council until he died in 1721.

On 23 January 1719, Charles VI created the new principality of Liechtenstein from the domains of Seigneury of Schellenberg and County of Vaduz, which were both held by the Liechtenstein family. This was done so that Anton Florian could be admitted to the Reichstag, which required that all members had land that was subordinate only to the Emperor himself (as opposed to land held in fief by higher nobles). Thus, Anton Florian became the first Prince of Liechtenstein. It is the only monarchy of the Holy Roman Empire that still exists.

He was the 591st Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria. He died in Vienna in 1721.

Catherine Stenbock

Catherine Stenbock (Swedish: Katarina Gustavsdotter Stenbock ; born at Torpa, Tranemo Municipality, Västergötland on 22 July 1535 – died at Strömsholm, Västmanland on 13 December 1621) was Queen of Sweden between 1552 and 1560 as the third and last wife of King Gustav I.

Catherine Vasa of Sweden

Catherine Vasa of Sweden (Swedish: Katarina Gustavsdotter Vasa; 6 June 1539 – 21 December 1610) was a Swedish princess, and the Countess consort of East Frisia as the spouse of Edzard II, Count of East Frisia. She was the oldest daughter of Gustav Vasa and Margareta Leijonhufvud. She was the autonomous Regent of Berum and Norden in Ostfriesland (East Frisia) from 1599 to 1610.

Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg

Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow (German: Herzog Carl Ludwig Friedrich zu Mecklenburg, Prinz von Mirow; 23 February 1708 – 5 June 1752) was a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and the father of Charlotte, Queen of the United Kingdom and Hanover.

Edzard

Edzard may refer to:

Surname:

Christine Edzard (born 1945), film director, writer, and costume designer, nominated for BAFTA and Oscar awards for her screenwriting

Dietz-Otto Edzard (1930–2004), German scholar of the Ancient Near East and grammarian of the Sumerian languageGiven name:

Edzard Cirksena (born 1441), East Frisian chieftain at Greetsiel, Norden, Emden and Brokmerland

Edzard Ernst (born 1948), academic physician and researcher specializing in complementary and alternative medicine

Edzard Reuter (born 1928), the CEO of Daimler-Benz from 1987 to 1995

Edzard Schaper (1908–1984), German author

Edzard Schmidt-Jortzig (born 1941), German juristCounts of East Frisia:

Edzard I, Count of East Frisia, also Edzard the Great (1462–1528)

Edzard II, Count of East Frisia, count of East Frisia, (1532–1599)

Charles Edzard, Prince of East Frisia (1716–1744)

Count Ferdinand Edzard of East Frisia (1636–1668)

Electress

An Electress (German: Kurfürstin, Latin: electrix) was the consort of a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire, one of the Empire's greatest princes.The Golden Bull of 1356 established by Emperor Charles IV settled the number of Electors at seven. However, three of these were Roman Catholic archbishops, and so had no formal consorts; while of the four secular Electors, one was King of Bohemia, and his consort was always known by the more prestigious title of "Queen of Bohemia". The consorts usually referred to as Electresses, therefore, were:

The Electress of the Palatinate;

The Electress of Saxony;

The Electress of Brandenburg.To these were added, in 1623 and 1692 respectively:

The Electress of Bavaria;

The Electress of Hanover.In the final years of the Empire, several Electors were added, who however only held their offices for less than three years before the Empire's final dissolution. The consorts of these last Electors were:

The Electress of Württemberg;

The Electress of Hesse-Kassel.There was also an Elector of Baden, but the only ruler to use this title was married morganatically and so his spouse did not share his title.

The rulers of Hesse-Kassel continued to use the title of "Elector" until the annexation of the principality by Prussia in 1866.

Persons using or entitled to use the title of "Electress" are listed below. Spouses of Electors in morganatic or unequal marriages are given in a separate table at the bottom of the page.

Electress of the Palatinate

The Electress of the Palatinate (German: Kurfürstin von der Pfalz) was the consort of the Prince-elector of the Electorate of the Palatinate, one of the Empire's greatest princes.

Enno III, Count of East Frisia

Enno III of Ostfriesland or Enno III of East Frisia (30 September 1563, Aurich – 19 August 1625) was a Count of Ostfriesland from 1599 to 1625 from the Cirksena family. He was the elder son of Count Edzard II of Ostfriesland and his wife Princess Katarina of Sweden, eldest daughter of King Gustav I of Sweden.

In 1602 Enno III's troops laid siege to Emden, without success; On 8 April 1603 Enno had to sign the Treaty of The Hague in which he not only accepted the presence of a Dutch garrison in Emden, but agreed to pay the costs for the Dutch garrison. In 1609 the conflict broke out again; the Emders were victorious in a skirmish at Greetsiel and temporarily occupied the Count's residence at Aurich. In 1611 the Dutch garrisoned troops in Leerort. On 24 May the Accord of Osterhusen was signed, which limited the sovereignty of the Count of East Frisia, stated the rights of the Estates (including Emden) and legitimised the Dutch garrison in Leerort.

List of consorts of Baden

Baden was a state of the Holy Roman Empire and later one of the German states along the frontier with France primarily consisting of territory along the right bank of the Rhine opposite Alsace and the Palatinate.

List of coupled cousins

This is a list of prominent individuals who have been romantically or maritally coupled with a cousin.

List of princesses of Sweden

This is a list of Swedish princesses from the accession of Gustav I, from the House of Vasa, and continues through the Houses of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, Holstein-Gottorp; and the Bernadotte, the adoptive heirs of the House of Holstein-Gottorp, who were adoptive heir of the Palatinate-Zweibrückens. Individuals holding the title of princess would usually also be styled "Her Royal Highness."

Margaret Leijonhufvud

Margaret Leijonhufvud (née Margareta Eriksdotter; 1 January 1516 – 26 August 1551) was Queen of Sweden from 1536 to 1551 by marriage to King Gustav I.

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