Edward Kennedy (journalist)

Edward Kennedy (c. 1905 – November 29, 1963)[1] was a journalist best known for being the first Allied newsman to report the German surrender at the end of World War II, getting the word to the Associated Press in London before an official announcement was made. This angered Allied commanders who, for political reasons, had imposed a news embargo until the official surrender announcement. After being forced stateside, Kennedy was fired by the AP for his actions.[2] In 2012, the Associated Press apologized for the incident, saying "It was handled in the worst possible way."[2]

Scoop

The documents for Germany's surrender in World War II were signed on May 7, 1945, at 2:41 a.m. local time at General Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters in Reims, France. Edward Kennedy, as the AP's Paris bureau chief, had been among a group of reporters hastily assembled aboard a C-47 aircraft, and only told they were to cover the official signing once aloft.[3] After the ceremony, however, they were told that instead of a few hours of embargo, they were being asked by Eisenhower to hold the news for 36 more hours in order to permit Joseph Stalin to hold a ceremony in Soviet-occupied Berlin.[2]

After a German radio station in Allied-controlled Flensburg broadcast the news, however, Kennedy believed that military censors must have allowed it.[2] Evading wartime censorship, he phoned the AP bureau in London and reported the surrender. The story moved on the AP wire at 9:36 a.m. EST, mid-afternoon in France.

The official announcements of the surrender varied from German foreign minister Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk early May 7, to Winston Churchill on May 8, and Joseph Stalin on May 9 (accounting for the Soviet Victory Day). The formal cessation of hostilities was at 23:01 hours on May 8.[4]

Aftermath

Kennedy believed previous embargoes that he had respected were related to military security, but this one was simply political, because the Soviets were insisting on a formal signing ceremony in Berlin and the Allies had agreed to wait until that took place. Meanwhile, men were still fighting and dying.[3] Opinion on Kennedy's scoop was divided; supporters pointed to the freedom of the press, but the AP eventually apologized. SHAEF disaccredited Kennedy and the AP returned him to New York.[3] Initially Kennedy was kept on the payroll but given no work to do, eventually being fired in November.[5] The following summer, the military acknowledged that the German broadcast, made under Allied orders, was almost two hours before Kennedy's dispatch.[5]

Kennedy's story was accurate, but he had violated the military's embargo. Both the military and other reporters were angry with him. Two days after The New York Times ran his story as the lead item, The Times wrote an editorial saying Kennedy had committed a "grave disservice to the newspaper profession."[6] According to Time, the incident gave the press a black eye and "strengthened the censor's hand".[3]

In 1948, in the August issue of The Atlantic Monthly, Kennedy published a personal essay about the embargo event entitled "I'd Do It Again."

Later life

After the war Kennedy became the managing editor of the Santa Barbara News-Press,[7] and three years later in 1949 he was hired by The Monterey Peninsula Herald as the associate editor, eventually serving as editor and associate publisher.[8] Kennedy was struck by a car on November 24, 1963, and died five days later at the age of 58.[1] A monument to Kennedy stands in Laguna Grande Park in Seaside, CA, with an inscription referring to his famous scoop: "He gave the world an extra day of happiness."

During his later years, Kennedy composed a memoir of his years as a World War II correspondent but was not able to locate a publishing company. His accounts were eventually published in 2012 by his daughter, Julia Kennedy Cochran, under the title Ed Kennedy's War: V-E Day, Censorship & The Associated Press, which chronicled his early days as a stringer in Paris to his firing from the Associated Press.[8]

Memoir and AP's apology

In 2012, Louisiana State University Press published Kennedy's memoir, Ed Kennedy's War: V-E Day, Censorship, and the Associated Press. Associated Press President Tom Curley co-wrote an introduction to the book and apologized for the way the company treated Kennedy, telling an AP reporter, "It was a terrible day for the AP. It was handled in the worst possible way." Kennedy, Curley wrote, "did everything just right."[2] According to his daughter, Julia Kennedy Cochran of Bend, Ore., Kennedy had long sought such public vindication from his old employer. "The AP, after 67 years, is finally apologizing for firing my father," Cochran said. "He was really a hero and should have got a lot more credit."[8]

In 2015, Le grand secret by Christophe Remy, 52', movie in French.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b "Edward Kennedy, 58, Reporter Who Flashed '45 Surrender, Dies". Associated Press via The New York Times. 1963-11-30. Retrieved 2007-12-21.
  2. ^ a b c d e Caruso, David B. (4 May 2012). "AP apologizes for firing reporter over WWII scoop". The Associated Press. Retrieved 15 Oct 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "The Army's Guests". TIME magazine. May 21, 1945. Retrieved 2007-12-21.
  4. ^ James, Barry (1995-05-10). "A Grand Message, and the Messenger Who Sparked an Uproar". The International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2007-12-21.
  5. ^ a b "Case Closed". TIME magazine. 1946-08-05. Retrieved 2007-12-21.
  6. ^ Browne, Malcolm W. (August 27, 1995). "Reporters at War". The New York Times.
  7. ^ "After the Battle". The International Herald Tribune. 1948-11-22. Retrieved 2007-12-21.
  8. ^ a b c http://www.montereyherald.com/ci_20549109/ed-kennedy-former-herald-editor-gets-apology-from
  9. ^ [1]
Allan Friedman

Allan Howard Friedman is the Guy L. Odom Professor of Neurological Surgery (neurosurgery) at Duke University Medical Center, specializing in tumor and vascular neurosurgery. He has been on the Duke faculty since 1981.

Friedman was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1949 and attended Purdue University, graduating with a bachelor of science degree in 1970. He earned his medical degree from the University of Illinois in 1974.He operated on Senator Edward Kennedy, journalist Robert Novak and author Reynolds Price.

Ed Kennedy

Ed Kennedy may refer to:

Ed Kennedy (infielder) (1861–1912), Major League Baseball infielder

Ed Kennedy (outfielder) (1856–1905), Major League Baseball outfielder

Ed Kennedy (rugby union), Australian rugby union player

Edward Kennedy (journalist) (c. 1905–1963), journalist who first reported the German surrender in World War II

Edward Kennedy (disambiguation)

Ted Kennedy (Edward Moore Kennedy, 1932–2009) was a United States Senator from Massachusetts.

Edward Kennedy may also refer to:

Edward Kennedy (journalist) (c. 1905–1963), journalist who first reported the German surrender in World War II

Edward Coverley Kennedy (1879–1939), Royal Navy sailor

Edward M. Kennedy Jr. (born 1961), American businessman and son of U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy and Virginia Joan Bennett

Edward Joseph Kennedy (1851–?), Irish nationalist politician, Member of Parliament for South Sligo

Edward Shirley Kennedy (1817–1898), English mountaineer

Edward Stewart Kennedy (1912–2009), historian of science

Index of World War II articles (E)

E. Frederic Morrow

E. Howard Hunt

E. Ion Pool

E. Lloyd Du Brul

E. R. Stephenson

E. S. Gosney

E. V. Loustalot

Earl E. Anderson

Earl G. Harrison

Earl Johnson (baseball)

Earl Kenneth Olsen

Earl N. Franklin

Earle Birney

Earle E. Partridge

Earle Wheeler

Earls Colne Airfield

Early timeline of Nazism

East African Campaign (World War II)

East Hebei Autonomous Council

East Hopei Army

East Indies Station

East Sea Fleet

East Wall (defensive line)

Easter Posey

Easter Sunday Raid

Eastern Approaches

Eastern District Army (Japan)

Eastern Fleet

Eastern Front (computer game)

Eastern Front (World War II)

Eastern Front Medal

Eastern Sierra Regional Airport

Easterwood Airport

Easy Company (comics)

Ebensee

Eberhard Jäckel

Eberhard Rees

Eberhard Taubert

Eberhard von Mackensen

Ecole Supérieure de Journalisme de Paris

Economic Cooperation Administration

Economy of Manchukuo

Economy of Nazi Germany

Economy of Paris

Ed Albosta

Ed and Lorraine Warren

Ed Bearss

Ed Derwinski

Ed Friendly

Ed Frutig

Ed Goddard

Ed Grothus

Ed Guthman

Ed Jucker

Ed Koch

Ed Levy

Ed McMahon

Ed Molinski

Ed Sabol

Edda Mussolini

Eddie Albert

Eddie Carnett

Eddie Chapman

Eddie Eagan

Eddie Jankowski

Eddie Layton

Eddie Rickenbacker

Eddie Slovik

Eddy Capron

Eddy Hamel

Eddy Wynschenk

Edelweiss Pirates

Edgar Aabye

Edgar André

Edgar Borges

Edgar Christensen

Edgar Faure

Edgar H. Lloyd

Edgar Herschler

Edgar Huff

Edgar Julius Jung

Edgar McCloughry

Edgar Meyer

Edgar Quinet (Paris Métro)

Edgar Quinet

Edgar Rădulescu

Edgar Ray Killen

Edgar Seligman

Edgar Sengier

Edgar Whitcomb

Edgard de Larminat

Edgard Potier

Edgardo Sogno

Edgardo Vaghi

Edge of Darkness (1943 film)

Edges of the Lord

Edith Bülbring

Edith Frank-Holländer

Edith Nourse Rogers

Edith Stein

Edler von Daniels

Edme-Armand-Gaston d'Audiffret-Pasquier

Edmond Decottignies

Edmond Delfour

Edmond Kramer

Edmond Malinvaud

Edmond Marin la Meslée

Edmond Rostand

Edmond Schreiber

Edmund Ernest García

Edmund Glaise-Horstenau

Edmund Graves Brown

Edmund H. Marriott (Captain)

Edmund Heines

Edmund Herring

Edmund Hoffmeister

Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside

Edmund Jankowski

Edmund Kiss

Edmund Knoll-Kownacki

Edmund Leopold de Rothschild

Edmund Lindmark

Edmund Minahan

Edmund Muskie

Edmund Osmańczyk

Edmund Roßmann

Edmund Sebree

Edmund Veesenmayer

Edouard Branly

Édouard Candeveau

Edouard Drumont

Edouard Le Roy

Edric Bastyan

Edsall-class destroyer escort

Edson Raff

Eduard Benedek Brunschweiler

Eduard Bona Bunić

Eduard Brücklmeier

Eduard Deisenhofer

Eduard Dietl

Eduard Ellman-Eelma

Eduard Meijer

Eduard Neumann

Eduard Pană

Eduard Pütsep

Eduard Ritter von Schleich

Eduard Schulte

Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli

Eduard von Bonin

Eduard von Knorr

Eduard von Steiger

Eduard Wirths

Eduardo Camet

Eduardo Propper de Callejón

Education for Death

Education in Poland during World War II

Educational reform in occupied Japan

Edvard Beneš

Edvard Hultgren

Edvard Kardelj

Edvard Kocbek

Edvin Wide

Edward A. Bennett

Edward A. Carter, Jr.

Edward A. Silk

Edward Addison

Edward Almond

Edward Amerasakera

Edward Ashmore

Edward Bernard Raczyński

Edward Brooke

Edward Bushnell

Edward C. Dahlgren

Edward C. Daly

Edward Chester Plow

Edward Colquhoun Charlton

Edward Condon

Edward D. Wood, Jr.

Edward Dunlop

Edward Ellsberg

Edward E. Gyatt

Edward F. Hennessey

Edward F. Rector

Edward Fielden (RAF officer)

Edward Ford (courtier)

Edward G. Breen

Edward G. Wilkin

Edward Gardner (MP)

Edward Gonzalez Carroll

Edward Gordon Jones

Edward Gourdin

Edward Graff

Edward H. Ahrens

Edward H. Brooks

Edward H. Howell

Edward S. Hamilton

Edward Hart (soccer)

Edward Heath

Edward Heffron

Edward Henry Allen

Edward J. Bonin

Edward J. Gurney

Edward J. Moskala

Edward J. O’Neill

Edward J. Ruppelt

Edward Jennings (rowing)

Edward Kenna

Edward Kennedy (journalist)

Edward Kirby

Edward Kobyliński

Edward L. Beach, Jr.

Edward L. Cochrane

Edward L. Jackson

Edward L. Sittler, Jr.

Edward Lansdale

Edward Leonard Ellington

Edward Marsh (rower)

Edward Marshall Boehm

Edward Mechling

Edward Micka

Edward N. Peterson

Edward Neville Syfret

Edward O'Hare

Edward O'Herron, Jr.

Edward P. King

Edward Peter

Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany

Edward Quinan

Edward Robert Sellstrom

Edward Roschmann

Edward Russell, 26th Baron de Clifford

Edward Rydz-Śmigły

Edward S. Michael

Edward Smith (VC)

Edward Stephen Fogarty Fegen

Edward Stettinius, Jr.

Edward Teller

Edward Thomas Chapman

Edward Tomkins

Edward Toms

Edward Turkington

Edward Tylor Miller

Edward W. Gosselin

Edward Witten

Edward Y. Hartshorne

Edwin A. Pollock

Edwin Alfred Howard

Edwin Barclay

Edwin Bramall, Baron Bramall

Edwin D. Patrick

Edwin Duing Eshleman

Edwin H. May, Jr.

Edwin H. Whitehead

Edwin Hedley

Edwin J. Hill

Edwin Linkomies

Edwin McMillan

Edwin Murati

Edwin Swales

Edwin T. Layton

Edwin Walker

Edwin William Hurst

Edwina Sandys

Eero Berg

Eero Lehtonen

Eero Mäntyranta

Effect of the Siege of Leningrad on the city

Effects of World War II

Efraim Zuroff

Egbert Hayessen

Egon Bretscher

Egon Mayer

Egutu Oliseh

Egypt-Libya Campaign

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Eiffel Tower

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Eino Luukkanen

Einsatzgruppe Egypt

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Einstein–Szilárd letter

Einstossflammenwerfer 46

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Škorpion vz. 61

EL-DE Haus

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Eldorado Mining and Refining Limited

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Elefant

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Eli L. Whiteley

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Elie Wiesel National Institute for Studying the Holocaust in Romania

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Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr.

Elmo Smith

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Eloi Metullus

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Elverum Authorization

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Elvis Jacob Stahr, Jr.

Elwood Richard Quesada

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Elyesa Bazna

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Emanuel Schäfer

Emanuele Beraudo di Pralormo

Embassy of Australia in Paris

Embassy of Canada in Paris

Embassy of Serbia in Paris

Embassy of the United States in Paris

Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II

Emergency circulating notes

Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists

Emergency Fighter Program

Emergency Relief and Construction Act

Emergency Shipbuilding program

Emerse Faé

Emerson Dickman

Emerson Norton

Emigration of Germans from Poland in the 20th century

Emil August Fieldorf

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Emil Calmanovici

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Emmanouil Tsouderos

Emmanuel d'Astier de la Vigerie

Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis de Grouchy

Emmanuel Dorado

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Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès

Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie

Emmerich Danzer

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Emmett O'Donnell, Jr.

Emmy Andriesse

Emory S. Land

EMP 44

Empire Comfort

Empire of Japan

Empire of the Rising Sun

Empire of the Sun (film)

Empire of the Sun

Empire of Vietnam

Empire Peacemaker

Empire Rest

Empire Shelter

Employee and Worker Faithful Service Medal

Empress of Britain (1930)

Enabling Act of 1933

Encirclement Campaign against Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi Soviet

Encirclement Campaign against Hunan-Jiangxi Soviet

Encirclement Campaign against Northeastern Jiangxi Soviet

Encirclement Campaigns

Encyclopedia of the Holocaust

Encyclopedia of the Third Reich

End of World War II in Europe

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Endel Puusepp

Endsieg

Enemy at the Door

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Enfield revolver

Engelbert Endrass

Engineer combat group

Engineering School Leonard de Vinci

England First Party

Englandspiel

Enigma (2001 film)

Enigma (novel)

Enigma machine

Enigma: Rising Tide

Enoch Powell

Enola Gay

Enomoto Takeaki

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Enrico Fermi

Enrico Mattei

Enrique de Lucas

Ensemble InterContemporain

Ensign Pulver

Entertainments National Service Association

Entwicklung series

Environmental Measurements Laboratory

Enzian

Enzo Biagi

Enzo Sereni

Enzo Traverso

Enzo Trossero

Ephraim Oshry

Ephraim P. Holmes

Ephraim Urbach

Ephrata Municipal Airport

EPK (Pyrkal) Machine gun

Equipment losses in World War II

Erbkrank

Erbo Graf von Kageneck

ERCO Ercoupe

Ercole Olgeni

Eremia Grigorescu

Ergänzungsjagdgeschwader

Erhard Heiden

Erhard Keller

Erhard Milch

Erhard Raus

Eric "Winkle" Brown

Eric Alfred Winkler

Eric Anderson (VC)

Eric Bols

Eric Burchmore

Eric Calcagno

Eric Carlberg

Eric Charles Twelves Wilson

Eric Djemba-Djemba

Eric Dorman-Smith

Eric Erickson (spy)

Eric Feldt

Eric Fombonne

Eric G. Gibson

Eric Gandar Dower

Eric Gascoigne Robinson

Eric Grant Miles

Eric Halstead

Eric James Brindley Nicolson

Eric Kandel

Eric Koenig

Eric Lawrence Moxey

Eric Lemming

Eric Lock

Eric Lomax

Eric Malmberg (sport wrestler)

Eric Marcus Municipal Airport

Eric Maschwitz

Eric Muhsfeldt

Eric Newby

Eric Pleasants

Eric Rabesandratana

Eric Ravilious

Eric Schwarzkopf

Eric Sykes

Eric W. Harris

Eric William Wright

Eric Williams (writer)

Erich Abraham

Erich Albrecht

Erich Bey

Erich Brandenberger

Erich Bärenfänger

Erich Dethleffsen

Erich Fellgiebel

Erich Fronhöfer

Erich Gimpel

Erich Hartmann

Erich Hilgenfeldt

Erich Hoepner

Erich Hohagen

Erich Honecker

Erich Kahn

Erich Kempka

Erich Klausener

Erich Kleiber

Erich Knauf

Erich Koch

Erich Kordt

Erich Kästner (World War I veteran)

Erich Leie

Erich Leinsdorf

Erich Loewenhardt

Erich Ludendorff

Erich Maas

Erich Marcks

Erich Mende

Erich Mix

Erich Mühsam

Erich Naumann

Erich Neumann (politician)

Erich Priebke

Erich Raeder

Erich Rudorffer

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Erich Topp

Erich Vermehren

Erich von dem Bach

Erich von Manstein

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Erich Walther

Erich Wolfgang Korngold

Erik Adlerz

Erik Andersson (water polo player)

Erik Bohlin

Erik Byléhn

Erik Hazelhoff Roelfzema

Erik Heinrichs

Erik Lundquist

Erik Rhodes (actor, born 1906)

Erik Sætter-Lassen

Erik Scavenius

Erik von Amsberg

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Erika Bergmann

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Erillinen Pataljoona 4

Erling Aastad

Erling Dekke Næss

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Ermont Eaubonne railway station

Ernő Schubert

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Ernest Tassart

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Ernest Vandiver

Ernest W. Prussman

Ernest William Sansom

Ernest William Titterton

Ernie Case

Ernie Curtis

Ernie Dickens

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Ernst-Günther Baade

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Ernst-Robert Grawitz

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Ernst Arndt (actor)

Ernst Barkmann

Ernst Bergmann (philosopher)

Ernst Biberstein

Ernst Bloch

Ernst Boepple

Ernst Busch (military)

Ernst Cohen

Ernst Düllberg

Ernst Fast

Ernst Felle

Ernst Gadermann

Ernst Graf zu Reventlow

Ernst Gustav Kirsch

Ernst Hanfstaengl

Ernst Heinkel

Ernst Herman van Rappard

Ernst Hermann Meyer

Ernst Hoppenberg

Ernst Jünger

Ernst Kaether

Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Ernst Kantorowicz

Ernst Kitzinger

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Ernst Lerch

Ernst Lindemann

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Ernst Melchior

Ernst Niekisch

Ernst Nolte

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Ernst R. G. Eckert

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Ernst W. Mayr

Ernst Wiechert

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Erprobungskommando

Erwin Böhme

Erwin Bumke

Erwin Clausen

Erwin Engelbrecht

Erwin König

Erwin Planck

Erwin Rösener

Erwin Rommel

Erwin Schild

Erwin Schrödinger

Erwin Schulhoff

Erwin Thaler

Erwin von Lahousen

Erwin von Witzleben

Escape by Night (1960 film)

Escape from Colditz

Escape from Sobibor

Escape to Athena

Escape to Victory

Eschwege displaced persons camp

ESCP-EAP European School of Management

Escuadrón 201

ESISAR

Eske Brun

Esmond Knight

Esmond Romilly

Espace Dalí

Espeland concentration camp

Esplanade de La Défense (Paris Métro)

ESPO

Esprit Fléchier

Essex-class aircraft carrier

Essex County Division

Essex Scottish Regiment

Esso Tower

Estella Agsteribbe

Esterwegen

Esther Bubley

Esther Béjarano

Estonia in World War II

Estonian anti-German resistance movement 1941–1944

Estuaire (biennale)

Et in Arcadia ego

Ethel Lackie

Etienne Léandri

Etienne Marc Quatremère

Etorofu-class escort ship

Ettore Bastico

Etty Hillesum

Eugen-Ludwig Zweigart

Eugen Beyer

Eugen Bolz

Eugen Fischer

Eugen Hadamovsky

Eugen Honig

Eugen Lunde

Eugen Meindl

Eugen Ott (ambassador)

Eugen Ott (general)

Eugen Ritter von Schobert

Eugen Schmidt

Eugen Sigg

Eugen von Knilling

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Eugene A. Greene

Eugene A. Valencia, Jr.

Eugene B. Fluckey

Eugene Blair

Eugene Bullard

Eugene Colson

Eugene E. Lindsey

Eugene Earle Amick

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Eugene Hollander

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Eugene M. Zuckert

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Eugene Meyer

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Eugene P. Wilkinson

Eugene Rabinowitch

Eugene Sledge

Eugene T. Booth

Eugenics in Showa Japan

Eugenio Calò

Eugenio Monti

Eugeniusz Horbaczewski

Eugeniusz Lokajski

Eugeniusz Nowak

Eugeniusz Stasiecki

Eugène Apert

Eugène Auguste Ernest Havet

Eugène Balme

Eugène Belgrand

Eugène Besse

Eugène Chavant

Eugène Choisel

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Monterey, California

Founded on June 3, 1770, Monterey (Spanish: Monterrey) was the capital of Alta California under both Spain and Mexico until 1850. Monterey hosted California's first theater, public building, public library, publicly funded school, printing press, and newspaper. Monterey was the only port of entry for taxable goods in California. In 1846, the U.S. flag was raised over the Customs House, and California became part of the United States after the Mexican–American War.

The city is located in Monterey County in the U.S. state of California, on the southern edge of Monterey Bay on California's Central Coast. The city hall is at 26 feet (8 m) above sea level, and the city occupies a land area of 8.466 sq mi (21.93 km2). The 2010 census recorded a population of 27,810.

The city and surrounding area have attracted artists since the late 19th century and many celebrated painters and writers have lived there. Until the 1950s, there was an abundant fishery.

Among Monterey's notable present-day attractions are the Monterey Bay Aquarium, Cannery Row, Fisherman's Wharf and the annual Monterey Jazz Festival.

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