Edward Allan Wood

Brigadier General Edward Allan Wood, CMG, DSO & Three Bars (6 May 1865 – 20 May 1930) was a British Army officer. He saw service in Rhodesia, the Second Boer War and the First World War, and was briefly Commandant of the Auxiliary Division during the Irish War of Independence.[1][2]

Edward Allan Wood
Born6 May 1865
India
Died20 May 1930 (aged 65)
London, England
Buried
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1892–1906
1914–1919
RankBrigadier General
Commands held55th Brigade (1917–18)
6th Battalion King's Shropshire Light Infantry (1917)
Battles/warsJameson Raid
Second Boer War First World War
Irish War of Independence
AwardsCompanion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Distinguished Service Order & Three Bars
Mentioned in Despatches
Croix de guerre (France)

Early life

Wood was born in India. He was the ninth son of Oswald Wood, a civil servant who later became a judge. Family resources were limited, and Wood joined the British Army as a private soldier in 1892, first enlisting in the 2nd Dragoon Guards and later transferring to the 17th Lancers. He served as an officer in the Bechuanaland Border Police (Botswana Police Service), the Matabeleland Mounted Police and the British South Africa Police, in the 1890s. He joined the Bechuanaland Border Police column in the Jameson Raid in 1895–96 and was captured in the Transvaal Republic. He served with the Matabeleland Relief Force during the rebellion in 1896. He later served in the Second Boer War in 1899–1902 and was present at the relief of Mafeking in 1900. He resigned from British South Africa Police in March 1906.[3]

First World War

On the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, Wood rejoined the British Army and became a company commander in 6th Battalion of the King's Shropshire Light Infantry. He became a temporary lieutenant colonel in 1917, and won the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and a Bar while commanding the 6th Battalion, the first announced in the January 1917 New Year Honours,[4] and the second announced on 26 September 1917 (with the citation published on 9 January 1918).[5]

Wood was promoted to brigadier general to command the 55th Infantry Brigade (in the 18th (Eastern) Division) on 9 November 1917, and commanded the brigade until he went sick on 24 October 1918. A second Bar to his DSO was announced on 16 September 1918, and third Bar on 12 December 1919.[6][7]

He was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in the January 1919 New Year's Honours List and also received the French Croix de guerre.[8][9]

Later life

Wood was demobilised in early 1919, and he joined the Auxiliary Division of the Royal Irish Constabulary in October 1919. He was deputy commander under Frank Percy Crozier, and took command in February 1921 after Crozier resigned. He was bankrupted in 1921.

He had married Myra Cotterell in 1898 and they had a son. He remarried in 1916, to Marguerite Dawson, widow of Joseph Gillott. He died 20 May 1930, from cirrhosis of the liver, and was survived by his second wife and son from his first marriage.[10][11]

References

  1. ^ ‘WOOD, Brig.-Gen. Edward Allan’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 31 Dec 2013
  2. ^ Brigadier-General E. A. Wood (Obituaries), The Times Wednesday, May 21, 1930; pg. 21; Issue 45518; col C
  3. ^ Edward Allen Wood, University of Birmingham
  4. ^ First DSO: The London Gazette, Issue 29886, Page 28, 29 December 1916
  5. ^ First Bar: The London Gazette, Issue 30308, Page 9968, 26 September 1917 and The London Gazette, Issue 30466, Page 560, 8 January 1918
  6. ^ Second Bar: The London Gazette, Issue 30901, Page 10854, 16 September 1918
  7. ^ Third Bar: The London Gazette, Issue 31684, Page 15438, 12 December 1919
  8. ^ CMG: The London Gazette, Issue 31092, Page 4, 1 January 1919
  9. ^ CdG: The Edinburgh Gazette, Issue 13540, Page 4094, 17 December 1919
  10. ^ "An Army Officer's Affairs." The Times, 18 October 1922
  11. ^ "Brigadier-General E. A. Wood." The Times, 21 May 1930
1865 in India

Events in the year 1866 in India.

1917 New Year Honours

The 1917 New Year Honours were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were published in several editions of The London Gazette in January and February.The 1 January list contained only military honours earned during the ongoing war, particularly for the Battle of the Somme, while political honours were delayed. The announcement was celebrated by The Times in its New Year's Day reporting:

"It is a welcome change to publish a list of New Year's Honours which have been earned altogether in the honourable service of the State. What are sometimes called 'political honours' – the results too often of personal and party manoeuvres – seem indescribably repellent in these days of national strain. We cannot, unfortunately, congratulate ourselves that their omission to-day is anything more than a postponement; but for the moment at all events we have a list confined entirely to sailors and soldiers and to civilians whose claim to distinction rests wholly on public service. We rejoice especially in the well-timed promptness with which the official report of the greatest battle in English history is followed by a large recognition of the men responsible for its success."

The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

1919 New Year Honours

The 1919 New Year Honours were appointments by King George V to various orders and honours to reward and highlight good works by citizens of the British Empire. The appointments were published in The London Gazette and The Times in January 1919.The recipients of honours are displayed here as they were styled before their new honour, and arranged by honour, with classes (Knight, Knight Grand Cross, etc.) and then divisions (Military, Civil, etc.) as appropriate.

Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat. Since 1993 all ranks have been eligible.

Edward Wood

Edward or Ed Wood may refer to:

Edward Wood (MP) (fl. 1584–86), English politician

Sir Edward Wood (diplomat), British envoy to Sweden in the 1670s

Ed Wood (1924–1978), American filmmaker

Ed Wood (film), a 1994 film based on the life of the filmmaker

E. F. L. Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, full name Edward Frederick Lindley Wood (1881–1959)

Edward J. Wood (1866–1956), leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Alberta, Canada

Edward Allan Wood (1872–1930), British Army officer

Edward Rogers Wood (1866–1941), financier in Canadian business

Edward Wood (priest), Archdeacon of Mashonaland, 1946–1960

Edward John Wood, footballer known as Jackie Wood

Ed Wood (engineer) (born 1968), chief designer for the Williams Formula One team

Ed Wood (elm cultivar), a Chinese elm cultivar

List of British generals and brigadiers

This is a list of people who held general officer rank or the rank of brigadier (together now recognized as starred officers) in the British Army, Royal Marines, British Indian Army or other military force.

It does not include English Army generals or Scottish Army generals. Neither England nor Scotland has had its own army since the Acts of Union in 1707. Generals promoted by the Kingdom of Great Britain (1707–1800), United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922) and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922-present) are included.

See also Category:British generals - note that a "Brigadier" is not classed as a "general" in the British Army, despite being a NATO 1-star equivalent rank.Hence, in the lists below:

1* = Brigadier General/Brigadier

2* = Major General

3* = Lieutenant General

4* = General(dates after the name are birth and death)A

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