Eduardo Barreto

Luis Eduardo Barreto Ferreyra[1] (1954 – December 15, 2011)[2] was an Uruguayan artist who worked in the comic book and comic strip industries including several years of prominent work for DC Comics.[3]

Two of his children, Diego and Andrea, also work in comics, Diego as an artist, and Andrea as a colorist; both occasionally collaborated with Eduardo Barreto.

Eduardo Barreto
Eduardo Barreto
Eduardo Barreto by Michael Netzer
BornLuis Eduardo Barreto Ferreyra
1954
Montevideo, Uruguay
DiedDecember 15, 2011
(aged 57)
NationalityUruguayan
Area(s)Cartoonist, Penciller, Inker
Pseudonym(s)Kopy, S. Gneis
Notable works
Batman, Judge Parker, The New Teen Titans, Superman
Awards1993 Wizard Fan Award for Best Graphic Novel, 1997 Silver Morosoli for Graphic Humor, Caricature, and Comics

Early life

Luis Eduardo Barreto Ferreyra was born in 1954 in Montevideo, Uruguay. From the Sayago neighborhood, his childhood and youth house was in Calaguala street; and he grew up reading comics and being an avid supporter of his favorite soccer team, Club Nacional de Football. In interviews, Barreto reminisced about the time when, at age seven, he was reading a comic and decided he would grow up to be a professional comic strip artist.

Career

In Uruguay and Argentina

A self-taught artist, Barreto named Russ Manning, Hal Foster and Warren Tufts as his three main artistic influences. When he was 15 years old, his portfolio under his arm, he went to each and every newspaper in Montevideo looking for a job. With a Richard Lionheart biographical comic inspired by Foster's Prince Valiant, one of his favorite comics) as his strongest work and which he had intended to sell outside of Uruguay, he finally found a job at the newspaper El Día. The editor for the newspaper's children's magazine (El Día de los Niños) liked Barreto's art, but he asked him to do something more Hispanic. Thus, an adaptation of the Spanish epic poem Cantar de Mio Cid (The Lay of the Cid), was soon published in the magazine, scripted and drawn by Barreto, aged 16.

In 1974 he created a science fiction and space opera strip inspired by The Morning of the Magicians, a book by Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier. He created the strip intending to sell it to a syndicate, as his first love in comics was strips, and called it El Poderoso Halcón (The Mighty Hawk). In Uruguay, however, his only client was the newspaper magazine he was already working for, in which he published two pages featuring the character on Sundays.

A year later, Barreto sold the strip to United Press International, and the syndicate distributed his strips to some sixteen or seventeen newspapers in Latin America. There was even talk of translating it into English, but it never happened, due to international paper and oil crisis in the mid-1970s. At age 21, Barreto was publishing a strip all across Latin America.

Working outside Uruguay was a logical consequence of the career he had been forging for himself, a logical consequence of wanting to make a living in comics. Since making a full living from comics in Uruguay was impossible, he traveled to Buenos Aires, Argentina, to leave some samples in publisher Editorial Columba (house of comic anthology magazines El Tony and Dartagnan). He returned to Montevideo, and supplemented his comic work for El Día with artwork for advertising agencies.

After getting married and moving, he returned to Buenos Aires on vacation, and visited Columba again. The publisher's chief art editor, Antonio Presa, asked him why he hadn't answered the letter in which they offered him a position working on the strip Kabul de Bengala. Barreto never had received the letter, as it had been sent to his former address.

Starting in 1975, he worked for about three years for the Argentinian publisher, first living in the country for a year, working in the Nippur IV studio (which was named as the classic argentinian historieta/character Nippur de Lagash). In the morning he worked in the Kabul art (scripted by H. G. Oesterheld), and in the afternoon he worked at the Nippur studio, as an assistant to Ricardo Villagrán; or rather a ghost artist. Among others, he worked on "Mark" (doing full pencils starting with issue seven). After that year he moved back to Uruguay, working there and traveling once a month to Argentina. By then he was working on several Nippur studio characters, but on his own, and signing his own name. Eventually, tired of Ray Collins' (Eugenio Zapietro) scripts, he signed his Kabul art with aliases, such as "S. Gneis" or "Kopy"; using the latter when he had to copy another artists' styles.

United States work

After three years working in Argentina, his editor advised him to try his luck in the United States. He had reached a certain ceiling in the regional market. In 1979 he went to New York City, and his first U.S. work was inking for Marvel Comics was Marvel Team-Up #88 (Dec. 1979) featuring Spider-Man and the Invisible Girl, with script by Chris Claremont and pencils by Sal Buscema.[4] The same afternoon he received that assignment, he also received a Hawkman origin assignment for World's Finest Comics #261 from DC Comics, and a horror story from Western Publishing. After a few months he returned to Uruguay, but he would go back to the United States in 1983. He would live there for about three years, working first on the Archie Comics superhero imprint Red Circle, particularly in The Shield. Three or four months later, he started to work on Superman for DC, and on other things for Marvel and Western as well.[5]

He did most of his U.S. work for DC Comics and the Uruguay audience knew him as the "Uruguayan Batman artist", something that was only a partial look at his work. In addition to being the most well-known Uruguayan artist in international comics, he was also the only Uruguayan to draw a regular U.S. series continuously, and not as fill-in, guest artist. First he drew eight issues of Atari Force (October 1984 to August 1985) and then a very long run drawing issues #13 (Oct. 1985) to #49 (Nov. 1988) of The New Teen Titans vol. 2.[5][6] During those years, he worked for other comic publishers and drew for other media including a He-Man story book in 1985.

During the 1980s, in addition to his Titans work, he drew stories, covers, and pin-ups featuring a wide variety of DC characters: Superman, Batman, Legion of Super-Heroes, Green Arrow, The Flash, and in licensed comics published by DC such as Star Trek. In 1989 he illustrated the prestige format graphic novel Lex Luthor: The Unauthorized Biography, written by James D. Hudnall, in which Superman is practically absent, instead featuring Clark Kent in his investigative journalist role.[5]

In 1989 and 1990, Barreto drew The Shadow Strikes with writer Gerard Jones. The two also collaborated on Martian Manhunter: American Secrets (1992), a miniseries set in the 1950s.[5][6]

In the 1990s Barreto worked with several companies and characters, such as Dark Horse Comics, for whom he drew Indiana Jones, Aliens/Predator: Deadliest of the Species, and Star Wars: A New Hope – The Special Edition.[5]

For DC Comics, his 1990s work included Superman: Speeding Bullets,[7] Justice League Quarterly, Sgt. Rock, and others. He inked the first appearance of Agent Liberty[8] in Superman vol. 2 #60 (Oct. 1991). His Superman: Under A Yellow Sun focused on Clark Kent's career as a novelist. For Tekno Comics he drew Mickey Spillane's Mike Danger, about a hard-boiled detective who finds himself in a futurist world.[5]

In the 2000s, he continued to work for various publishers, such as Claypool Comics, for whom he illustrated Elvira, Mistress of the Dark. For Oni Press he drew the western story The Long Haul, and the gangster graphic novel Union Station. For Marvel he drew Marvel Knights between July 2000 and September 2001, scripted by Chuck Dixon. He would also work for IDW Publishing on Cobb: Off the Leash and Doomed, and for Moonstone Books' Captain Action the latter two written by Beau Smith. In 2005, for Dark Horse, he drew novelist Michael Chabon's first extended comic book story, in The Amazing Adventures of the Escapist #7, and later contributed to the series The Escapists written by Brian K. Vaughan. He worked on DC's Birds of Prey in 2004 and 2006. In 2006 he drew for Boom! Studios' Planetary Brigade, and the following year he did a short story for Marvel's Civil War: Front Line.[5]

In May 2006 he returned to newspaper strips, taking over as artist of Judge Parker from Harold LeDoux. Shortly afterwards, Barreto suffered a serious car accident, and while he was in the hospital, Judge Parker's art was undertaken by artists such as Graham Nolan, John Heebing, and Eduardo Barreto's son Diego, who had been working as an artist for a few years already, mainly in advertising but doing some work for U.S. comic publishers.[9]

Return to Uruguayan work

After his jump to the U.S. scene, Barreto did very little work for the Uruguayan market. Among the things he worked on in his country were comic stories for the book Historiet@s.uy (2000) and Freeway magazine; and the cover for Jaime Roos's album "Hermano Te Estoy Hablando" (2009). He taught comic book classes in ORT university, and was part of the jury in one of the comic contests for Montevideo Comics, a local convention. In 2004 he illustrated a science fiction prose novel, Guide To A Universe, by writer Natalia Mardero; and in 2005 Memories Of A Flu, a children's novel by writer Helen Velando. Among other works scripted by himself, around 2009 he was working on a new adaptation of the book Ismael, by Uruguayan writer Eduardo Acevedo Díaz, and a historical graphic novel set in Colonia del Sacramento, during viceroy's Pedro de Cevallos time. These works were never finished.

Final years

Barreto eventually returned to Judge Parker, and continued working on that and occasional stories with other characters, such as Superman and Captain Action. In 2010 he was stricken with meningitis, and was forced to abandon the Judge Parker daily strip in March 2010, which was taken over by Mike Manley.[10] Sometime later, apparently recovered from meningitis, he set to work on other projects. In April 2011 it was announced that Eduardo Barreto and his son Diego would work on Irredeemable, and in July 2011 he took over the art for The Phantom's Sunday strips. His last published work was in DC Retroactive: Superman - The '70s (Sept. 2011), finished from his hospital bed, and with some pages drawn by fellow Uruguayan Christian Duce.[11] Barreto died on December 15, 2011.[3][12] Before his death, Barreto drew Vampire Wedding[13] commissioned by Robert Huttinger and Francesca Lombardo, founders of Castalides Pictures, a London-based film production company producing Vampire Wedding, the comic book and the TV series.

Tributes

With his impeccable draftsmanship and attention to nuance and detail, Eduardo Barreto was a true artist's artist. A mainstay of DC Comics, he was one of the key artists during the 1980s who not only helped define the look and feel of the DC Universe but got me hooked on the Teen Titans. His incredible work and vision will be missed.

Jim Lee, upon Barreto's death[2]

Bibliography

Archie Comics

Dark Horse Comics

DC Comics

DC Comics/Marvel Comics

  • Batman/Daredevil #1 (2000)

Marvel Comics

References

  1. ^ Bails, Jerry (2006). "Barreto, Ed". Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Eduardo Barreto". Lambiek Comiclopedia. 2012. Archived from the original on May 5, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Longtime DC Artist Eduardo Barreto, Passes At 57". Bleeding Cool. December 15, 2011. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. Longtime DC artist Eduardo Barreto has passed away at the age of 57, with the cause believed to be related to the meningitis that forced him to stop penciling Judge Parker in 2010.
  4. ^ Siuntres, John (December 15, 2011). "Eduardo Barreto (1954-2011)". IFanboy. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Eduardo Barreto at the Grand Comics Database
  6. ^ a b Melrose, Kevin (December 15, 2011). "Longtime Teen Titans Artist Eduardo Barreto Has Died". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 7, 2014.
  7. ^ Khouri, Andy (December 15, 2011). "Veteran Comic Book Artist Eduardo Barreto, R.I.P." ComicsAlliance. Archived from the original on August 6, 2014.
  8. ^ Jurgens, Dan (w), Jurgens, Dan (p), Barreto, Eduardo (i). "Intergang --No More!" Superman v2, 60 (October 1991), DC Comics
  9. ^ Cavna, Michael (February 12, 2010). "Breaking: Judge Parker artist Eduardo Barreto is 'gravely ill'; new artist sought". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 25, 2015.
  10. ^ Manley, Michael (February 23, 2010). "New Gig". Draw!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
  11. ^ DC Retroactive: Superman - The '70s #1 at the Grand Comics Database
  12. ^ Hatcher, Greg (December 16, 2011). "A Friday Farewell to a Classic Illustrator". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. It was meningitis that took him, I guess. He was fifty-seven.
  13. ^ "Vampire Wedding". Castalides Pictures. 2011. Archived from the original on January 19, 2015.

External links

Preceded by
Stan Woch
The New Teen Titans vol. 2 artist
1985–1988
Succeeded by
George Pérez
Preceded by
n/a
The Shadow Strikes artist
1989–1991
Succeeded by
Rod Whigham
2011 in comics

Notable events of 2011 in comics. See also List of years in comics.

This is a list of comics-related events in 2011. It includes any relevant comics-related events, deaths of notable comics-related people, conventions and first issues by title.

2013 FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship squads

This article shows all participating team squads at the 2013 FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship, held from 15 to 20 October 2013 in Betim, Brazil.

2014 FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship squads

This article shows all participating team squads at the 2014 FIVB Volleyball Men's Club World Championship, held from 5 to 10 May 2014 in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Alfredo Eduardo Barreto de Freitas Noronha

Alfredo Eduardo Barreto de Freitas Noronha, better known as Noronha (25 September 1918 – 27 July 2003), was a Brazilian football player.

He played for the Brazilian national team in the 1950 FIFA World Cup.

All-American Comics

All-American Comics was a comics anthology and the flagship title of comic book publisher All-American Publications, one of the forerunners of DC Comics. It ran for 102 issues from 1939 to 1948. Characters created for the title, including Green Lantern, the Atom, the Red Tornado, Doctor Mid-Nite, and Sargon the Sorcerer, later became mainstays of the DC comics line.

DC Retroactive

DC Retroactive is a line of one-shot comic book titles published by DC Comics. It revisited periods (grouped by decades) of the company's main characters: Batman, Superman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern, the Justice League and the Flash. These comics were published with cover dates of September and October 2011. The DC Retroactive comic books followed the Flashpoint events and were launched just before The New 52 line wherein DC titles were relaunched starting from #1.

Frank Cobb

Frank Cobb is the title character of a three issue comic book limited series titled Cobb: Off the Leash, published by IDW Publishing. This character was created by Beau Smith and Eduardo Barreto, with colors by Josh Burcham. The character is an original creation for this mini-series.

Gotham by Gaslight

Gotham by Gaslight is a DC Comics one-shot by Brian Augustyn and Mike Mignola, with inks by P. Craig Russell. The story revolves around a 19th century version of Bruce Wayne making his debut as Batman just as Jack the Ripper has arrived in Gotham City.

Although it was not initially labeled as such, Gotham by Gaslight is considered to be the first Elseworlds story in which DC Comics characters from alternate timelines or realities are featured in stories outside of the DC Universe canon. While not originally labelled as such, subsequent printings of Gotham by Gaslight have incorporated the Elseworlds logo. It spawned one sequel, Batman: Master of the Future (1991), also written by Augustyn, with art by Eduardo Barreto.

Heroes Against Hunger

Heroes Against Hunger is a 1986 all-star benefit comic book for African famine relief and recovery. Published by DC Comics in the form of a "comic jam," or exquisite corpse, the book starred Superman and Batman. Spearheaded by Jim Starlin and Bernie Wrightson, all proceeds from the comic went to hunger relief in Africa.

Hybrid (DC Comics)

The Hybrid are a fictional group of supervillains appearing in comic books published by DC Comics.

Judge Parker

Judge Parker is an American soap opera-style comic strip created by Nicholas P. Dallis that first appeared on November 24, 1952. The strip's look and content were influenced by the work of Allen Saunders and Ken Ernst on Mary Worth.

Noronha

Noronha is a family name that is found among some aristocratic families in Portugal. The Noronha family name traces its origins to Portugal. It is found mainly in areas such as Brazil, India, Mozambique, Angola and Macau that were colonized by the Portuguese.

This family has its origins in the marriage of Alfonso Enríquez, Count of Gijón and Noreña (natural son of King Henry II of Castile) with Isabel of Portugal (natural daughter of King Ferdinand I of Portugal). Their marriage was one of the clauses of the Treaty of Santarém signed in 1373, between the two peninsular kingdoms.

Alfonso was Count of Noreña, an Asturian village he had received from his father, and his children used the Portuguese spelling Noronha as their family name.

People bearing the name include:

Fernando de Noronha, 2nd Count of Vila Real, (son of Alfonso of Gijón-Noreña and Isabel of Portugal), governor of Ceuta

Afonso de Noronha, viceroy of Portuguese India

Miguel de Noronha, 4th Count of Linhares, viceroy of Portuguese India

Camila de Noronha, early 17th-century Portuguese noblewoman, married to Gonçalo Pires de Carvalho

Francisco Noronha (1748-1787), botanist

Fernão de Noronha (15th century/16th century), corruption of the name of Portuguese explorer, Fernão de Loronha.

Melvyn Noronha, Voice of Goa 2010, International Awarded Fashion Designer, Theater Actor, Fashion Mentor

Osnar Noronha, Peruvian footballer.

Rodrigo António de Noronha e Meneses, governor of the Kingdom of the Algarve, mid 18th century.

Alfredo Eduardo Barreto de Freitas Noronha (1918 – 2003), Brazilian football player.

Paulo Francisco Noronha (1966 - 1988), Olympian for the Republic Of Mozambique

The Long Haul

The Long Haul may refer to:

in film:

The Long Haul (1957), a British film starring Diana Dors

The Long Haul (1960), a film featuring the town of Sintaluta, Saskatchewan

The Long Haul (1988), a Brazilian film

The Long Haul (2017), the fourth Diary of a Wimpy Kid filmin writing:

The Long Haul (1938 novel), by A. I. Bezzerides

The Long Haul (2003 novel), by Amanda Stern

The Long Haul (1999 autobiography), by Myles Horton

The Long Haul (2005 comic book), by Antony Johnston and Eduardo Barreto

The Long Haul (2014 novel), Wimpy Kid book nineother uses:

Longhaul Records, recording label of Sum of Parts and other albums

Long Haul (Transformers), multiple characters in the Transformers robot superhero franchise.

Long-haul, long distance flights beyond six hours in length

The Phantom

The Phantom is an American adventure comic strip, first published by Lee Falk in February 1936. The main character, the Phantom, is a fictional costumed crime-fighter who operates from the fictional African country of Bangalla. The character has been adapted for television, film and video games.

The series began with a daily newspaper strip on February 17, 1936, followed by a color Sunday strip on May 28, 1939; both are still running as of 2019. In 1966, King Features stated that The Phantom was being published in 583 newspapers worldwide. At its peak, the strip was read by over 100 million people daily.Falk worked on The Phantom until his death in 1999; from then until the present, the comic strip has been written by Tony DePaul. Since 2016, it has been drawn by Mike Manley (Monday–Saturday) and Terry Beatty (Sunday). Previous artists on the newspaper strip include Ray Moore, Wilson McCoy, Bill Lignante, Sy Barry, George Olesen, Keith Williams, Fred Fredericks, Graham Nolan, Eduardo Barreto and Paul Ryan. In the strip, the Phantom was 21st in a line of crime-fighters which began in 1536, when the father of British sailor Christopher Walker was killed during a pirate attack. Swearing an oath on the skull of his father's murderer to fight evil, Christopher began a legacy of the Phantom which would pass from father to son. Nicknames for the Phantom include "The Ghost Who Walks", "Guardian of the Eastern Dark" and "The Man Who Cannot Die".Unlike most other superheroes, the Phantom has no superpowers; he totally relies on his strength, intelligence and the myth of his immortality to take action against the forces of evil. The 21st Phantom is married to Diana Palmer; they met while he studied in the United States and they have two children, Kit and Heloise. He has a trained wolf named Devil and a horse named Hero, and like the 20 previous Phantoms he lives in the ancient Skull Cave.

The Phantom was the first fictional hero to wear the skintight costume which has become a hallmark of comic-book superheroes, and was the first shown in a mask with no visible pupils (another superhero standard). Comics historian Peter Coogan has described the Phantom as a "transitional" figure, since the Phantom has some of the characteristics of pulp magazine heroes like The Shadow and the Spider and earlier jungle heroes such as Tarzan, as well as anticipating the features of comic book heroes such as Superman, Batman, and Captain America.

Volley Callipo

Volley Callipo is a professional volleyball team based in Vibo Valentia, Italy. The club plays in SuperLega (previous Serie A1), highest level of the Italian Volleyball League. In season 2017/18 the club is named Tonno Callipo Calabria Vibo Valentia.

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