Edmund Quincy (1703–1788)

Edmund Quincy IV (/ˈkwɪnzi/; 1703-1788) was a prominent Boston merchant during much of the 18th century.[1][2]

Early life and career

Coat of Arms of Edmund Quincy
Coat of Arms of Edmund Quincy IV

Edmund Quincy was one of four children born to Edmund Quincy III (1681-1737) and Dorothy Flynt Quincy of Braintree (now Quincy) and Boston. He graduated from Harvard College in 1722, and went into the commerce and shipbuilding business with his younger brother Josiah and brother-in-law Edward Jackson. In 1748, the Bethell, a merchant ship they owned, took out a letter of marque to protect itself from Spanish privateers during King George's War. Armed with fourteen guns and six fake wooden guns, the Bethell accidentally came upon a much larger and more heavily armed Spanish ship at night in the Atlantic Ocean. Unable to escape, the Bethell instead demanded that the Spanish ship surrender, and, mistaking the Bethell for a British sloop-of-war, it complied without a fight. The Spanish ship's cargo, consisting of 161 chests of silver, 2 of gold, and various valuable commodities, was brought safely back to Boston and valued at around one hundred thousand pounds sterling.[3][4][5]

Josiah Quincy retired shortly after this windfall, while Edmund remained in business, entering into a partnership with his sons. Though well respected, he suffered financial reverses and was declared bankrupt in 1757.[4][6] He later retired to his paternal estate and, in 1765, published A Treatise on Hemp Husbandry.[7][8]

Quincy was also an acting magistrate of Suffolk County until the time of his death, and was referred to as "Squire" or "Justice" Quincy.[4][6][7]

Family and personal life

Quincy married Elizabeth Wendell in 1725. Together they had nine children, including Dorothy Quincy, who married John Hancock; Esther Quincy, who married Jonathan Sewall; and Elizabeth Quincy, who was the mother of Samuel Sewall.[9] After his first wife's death in 1769, Quincy married Anna Gerrish.[6] Quincy was also a Freemason, and was a member of Master's Lodge along with Richard Gridley.[10]

Edmund Quincy died July 4, 1788, at the age of 85.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Massachusetts Historical Society (1896). Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Massachusetts Historical Society. p. 45. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  2. ^ Howard, R.H.; Crocker, Henry E. (1879). A History of New England. Crocker & Co. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  3. ^ Quincy, Edmund (1874). Life of Josiah Quincy. Little, Brown, and Company. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  4. ^ a b c Massachusetts Historical Society (1860). Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Massachusetts Historical Society. pp. 42–43. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  5. ^ Historical Society of Pennsylvania (1879). "Josiah Quincy, Snr". The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography: 182. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  6. ^ a b c Massachusetts Historical Society: Quincy, Wendell, Holmes, and Upham Family Papers, 1633-1910
  7. ^ a b Quincy, Josiah; Quincy, Eliza Susan Morton (1875). Memoir of the Life of Josiah Quincy, Junior, of Massachusetts Bay, 1744-1775. Little, Brown. p. 3. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  8. ^ Adams, Oscar Fay (1904). A dictionary of American authors (5th ed.). Houghton, Mifflin and company. p. 306. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  9. ^ Stark, James Henry (1910). The Loyalists of Massachusetts and the Other Side of the American Revolution. Salem Press. p. 455. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  10. ^ Triber, Jayne E. (2001). A True Republican: The Life of Paul Revere. Univ of Massachusetts Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-1-55849-294-3. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
  11. ^ Allen, William (1857). The American biographical dictionary. J.P. Jewett and Company. p. 688. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
Dorothy Quincy

Dorothy Quincy Hancock Scott (; May 21 (May 10 O.S.) 1747 – February 3, 1830) was an American hostess, daughter of Justice Edmund Quincy of Braintree and Boston, and the wife of Founding Father John Hancock. Her aunt, also named Dorothy Quincy, was the subject of Oliver Wendell Holmes' poem Dorothy Q.

She was raised at the Quincy Homestead in what is now Quincy, Massachusetts. The house in which she lived has been designated a National Historic Landmark, and is known as the Dorothy Quincy House. She married John Hancock, who presided at the formation of the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and was two-time Governor of Massachusetts, in 1775. Their first child, Lydia Henchman Hancock was born in 1776 and died ten months later. In 1787, their son, John George Washington Hancock, was ice skating on a pond in Milton, Massachusetts, and died as a result of drowning when he fell through the ice at age 8. In 1796, after Hancock's death in 1793, Quincy married Captain James Scott (1742–1809), who had been employed by Hancock as a captain in his trading ventures with England. They lived in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and had no children together. When Captain Scott died, Dorothy moved back into the Hancock Mansion at 30 Beacon Street in Boston for about 10 years. After that time she lived at 4 Federal Street in Boston.

Dorothy was a well-known hostess, and a great deal was written about her. Many chroniclers of the time note that she was beautiful, well spoken and intelligent. She witnessed the Battle of Lexington while staying with her future husband's aunt, Lydia Hancock, at the home of Rev. Jonas Clark, now known as the Hancock-Clarke House. When Hancock told her after the battle that she could not go back to her father in Boston, she retorted, "Recollect Mr. Hancock, that I am not under your control yet. I shall go to my father tomorrow."

Edmund Quincy

Edmund Quincy may refer to:

Edmund Quincy (1602–1636), settled Mount Wollaston area of Quincy, Massachusetts around 1628

Edmund Quincy (1628–1698), colonist, Massachusetts representative, son of Edmund (1602–1636)

Edmund Quincy (1681–1737), colonist, Massachusetts Supreme Court judge, son of Edmund (1627–1698)

Edmund Quincy (1703–1788), son of Edmund (1681–1737)

Edmund Quincy (1726-1782), businessman and land developer, son of Edmund (1703–1788)

Edmund Quincy (1808–1877), diarist, lecturer, author, abolitionist, son of Josiah Quincy III

List of United States political families (H)

The following is an alphabetical list of political families in the United States whose last name begins with H.

Quincy, Massachusetts

Quincy ( KWIN-zee) is the largest city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of Metropolitan Boston and one of Boston's immediate southern suburbs. Its population in 2014 was 93,397, making it the eighth-largest city in the state. Known as the "City of Presidents," Quincy is the birthplace of two U.S. presidents—John Adams and his son John Quincy Adams—as well as John Hancock, a President of the Continental Congress and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence.

First settled in 1625, Quincy was briefly part of Dorchester and Boston before becoming the north precinct of Braintree in 1640. In 1792, Quincy was split off from Braintree; the new town was named after Colonel John Quincy, maternal grandfather of Abigail Adams and after whom John Quincy Adams was also named. Quincy became a city in 1888.

For more than a century, Quincy was home to a thriving granite industry; the city was also the site of the Granite Railway, the United States' first commercial railroad. Shipbuilding at the Fore River Shipyard was another key part of the city's economy. In the 20th century, both Howard Johnson's and Dunkin' Donuts were founded in the city.

Quincy political family

The Quincy family was a prominent political family in Massachusetts from the mid-17th century through to the early 20th century. It is connected to the Adams family through Abigail Adams.The family estate was in Mount Wollaston, first independent, then part of Braintree, Massachusetts, and now the city of Quincy. The remaining pieces of the Quincy homestead are the Josiah Quincy House and the Dorothy Quincy Homestead, after the land was broken up into building lots called Wollaston Park in the 19th century and the Josiah Quincy Mansion was demolished in 1969.

The names of President John Quincy Adams, several American towns, the USS Quincy, Quincy House at Harvard, Quincy House in Washington, D.C., and Quincy Market in Boston are among the legacies of the Quincy family name.

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