Edgar Martínez

Edgar Martínez (born January 2, 1963), nicknamed "Gar" and "Papi", is a Puerto Rican professional baseball player and coach. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a designated hitter and third baseman for the Seattle Mariners from 1987 through 2004. He served as the Mariners' hitting coach from 2015 through 2018.

Martínez grew up in Dorado, Puerto Rico. Not highly regarded as a prospect, he signed with the Mariners as a free agent in 1982, and was given a small signing bonus. He made his major league debut in 1987, but did not establish himself as a full-time player until 1990. In the 1995 American League Division Series, he hit "The Double", which won the series and increased public support for Mariners baseball as they attempted to fund a new stadium. He continued to play until 2004, when injuries forced him to retire.

Martínez was a seven-time MLB All-Star, five-time Silver Slugger, and two-time batting champion. He is one of 18 MLB players to record a batting average of .300, an on-base percentage of .400, and a slugging percentage of .500 in 5,000 or more plate appearances.[1] The Mariners retired his uniform number and inducted him into the Seattle Mariners Hall of Fame. Martínez was elected into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 2019.

Edgar Martínez
Edgar Martinez 1997
Martínez with the Seattle Mariners in 1997
Designated hitter / Third baseman
Born: January 2, 1963 (age 56)
New York City, New York
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 12, 1987, for the Seattle Mariners
Last MLB appearance
October 3, 2004, for the Seattle Mariners
MLB statistics
Batting average.312
Hits2,247
Home runs309
Runs batted in1,261
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Incoming Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction2019
Vote85.4% (tenth ballot)

Early life

Martínez was born in New York City on January 2, 1963, to José and Christina Salgado Martinez, who were from Puerto Rico. His parents divorced when he was two years old, and he was taken in by his grandparents, who lived in the barrio of Maguayo in Dorado, Puerto Rico.[2] Martínez taught himself how to speak English and how to use computers.[3] When he was 11 years old, his parents reconciled. His brother and sister returned to New York to live with their parents, but Edgar opted to remain in Dorado with his grandparents.[4]

Martinez became inspired to play baseball after watching fellow Puerto Rican Roberto Clemente play in the 1971 World Series.[2] He played with his cousin Carmelo Martínez in the backyard of his home. Scouts watched Carmelo with interest, but Edgar did not draw their attention. He attended the Interamerican University of Puerto Rico, studying business administration. He played semiprofessional baseball and worked two jobs, as a supervisor in a furniture store by day and in a General Electric factory at night.[5]

Professional career

Prospect

At the suggestion of the owner of his semiprofessional team, Martínez attended a tryout held by the Seattle Mariners of Major League Baseball (MLB). The Mariners signed him to a contract with a $4,000 signing bonus (a small amount at the time) on December 12, 1982.[5][6] He initially considered declining the offer, due to the money he was making in Puerto Rico, but Carmelo convinced him to sign.[5]

Martínez made his professional debut in Minor League Baseball with the Bellingham Mariners of the Class A-Short Season Northwest League in 1983 as a third baseman. He had a .173 batting average, zero home runs and only 18 hits.[2][7] The scout who signed Martínez convinced Hal Keller, the Mariners' general manager, to assign him to the Arizona Instructional League (AIL) after the season. Keller did not believe Martínez would be able to hit in the major leagues, and initially did not want to assign him to the AIL, which is reserved for the best prospects. Keller included Martínez in the AIL that year, where he batted .340.[5]

In 1984, Martínez batted .303 with 15 home runs and 84 walks for the Wausau Timbers of the Class A Midwest League.[2][8] Martínez played for the Chattanooga Lookouts of the Class AA Southern League and Calgary Cannons of the Class AAA Pacific Coast League (PCL) in 1985, batting .258 in 111 games for Chattanooga and .353 in 20 games for Calgary.[2] He returned to Chattanooga in 1986 and had a .960 fielding percentage, which led all third basemen.[2] Playing for Calgary in 1987, Martínez had a .327 batting average, 10 home runs, and 31 doubles in 129 games.[2] He led Calgary in batting average, as well as hits, doubles, batting average, on base percentage, games played, and walks.[9]

Early career (1987–1989)

Martínez made his major league debut on September 12, 1987 as a third baseman, and proceeded to hit .372 over his first 13 career games.[2] However, the Mariners were committed to using Jim Presley as their third baseman.[10] In 1988, Martínez began the season with Calgary, but was called up to the major leagues in early May. He played in four games with the Mariners before being returned to Calgary,[11] where he hit .363, the best batting average in the PCL.[2] In September he was called up again, and over 10 games hit .389. In his second MLB season, he hit .281 with a .351 on-base percentage (OBP) and a .406 slugging percentage over 14 games.[11]

The Mariners named Martínez their starting third baseman on their Opening Day roster in 1989.[6] He struggled and was sent back down to Calgary in May.[6] He hit .345 over 32 games for the Cannons and .240 in 65 games for the Mariners in 1989. After the regular season, Martínez played winter baseball in the Puerto Rican Baseball League. He batted .424 in 43 games, leading the league, and was named co-most valuable player with Carlos Baerga.[2]

First seasons and batting title (1990–1992)

In 1990, Martínez signed a one-year contract for $90,000.[2] Though Presley was no longer a Mariner, Darnell Coles began the season as the Mariners' starting third baseman, with manager Jim Lefebvre telling The Seattle Times during spring training: "I think Darnell Coles is going to surprise a lot of people. He knows there is no one in the wings, just Edgar Martinez to back him up." However, Coles committed five errors in Seattle's first six games.[8] Lefebvre moved Coles to the outfield and began playing Martínez at third base.[2] Over 144 games, Martínez hit .302, and had a .397 on-base percentage, both of which led the team.[12]

Martínez signed a two-year contract worth $850,000 before the 1991 season. In 1991, he won his first MLB Player of the Week Award for the week ending July 14.[13] He finished the 1991 season hitting .307/.405/.452, all career highs. In 1992, Martínez was selected to his first All-Star Game,[14] and won his first MLB Player of the Month Award for July and his second for August,[15] During the season, Martínez signed a three-year contract with Seattle worth $10 million, the largest contract given out by Seattle to that point.[2]

At the end of the 1992 season, Martínez had a .343 batting average, which led all of MLB.[16] It was the first batting title for Seattle and the franchise's highest single-season batting average (this has since been surpassed by Ichiro Suzuki). He also tied Frank Thomas for the most doubles in MLB,[17] and set a team record for most in a season (this has since been surpassed by Alex Rodriguez).[18] After the season, he was awarded his first American League (AL) Silver Slugger Award as a third basemen.[19]

Injuries (1993–1994)

During an exhibition game at BC Place Stadium in Vancouver, British Columbia, before the 1993 season, Martínez tore his hamstring on an unzipped seam in the turf between first and second base.[20] He missed 42 games at the start of the season, and was placed on the disabled list two more times before the season ended. In 1994, in his first plate appearance of the season, opposing pitcher Dennis Martínez hit him in the right wrist,[21] and he was placed on the disabled list. Between the injuries and the 1994 MLB strike, he played in 131 games during the 1993 and 1994 seasons.[22] In 89 games played in 1994, he played 65 games as a third baseman and 23 as a designated hitter, with one appearance as a pinch runner.[2]

Career year (1995)

Martínez became a full-time designated hitter in 1995. He won the Player of the Month Award for June,[15] hitting .402 with a .537 OBP and a .761 SLG, and another Player of the Week Award.[13] He was also selected to the 1995 All-Star Game and set career highs in eleven offensive categories. At the end of the year he won his second AL batting title with a team record .356, while also leading the league in runs scored with 121, doubles with 52, OBP with .479 and on-base plus slugging (OPS) with 1.109 (all team highs at that point).[18][23] He also finished third in AL Most Valuable Player Award voting behind Mo Vaughn and Albert Belle.[24] He won his second Silver Slugger Award[19] and his first Outstanding Designated Hitter Award.[25]

The Double

In the 1995 American League Division Series (ALDS) against the New York Yankees, Martínez hit .571 and was on base 18 times in five games. In Game 4 of that series, he hit a three-run home run, then a grand slam home run that broke a 6–6 tie, en route to an 11–8 victory. His seven runs batted in (RBIs) in that game set a single-game postseason record. The win knotted the best-of-five series at two games apiece and forced Game 5. Down 5–4 in the 11th inning of that decisive game, Martínez hit a two-run double off Jack McDowell, winning the game for the Mariners, 6–5, and series, 3–2. The win sent the Mariners to the American League Championship Series for the first time in franchise history, against the Cleveland Indians, a series they would eventually lose in six games.

A lot of people remember that double when they talk about my career, I'd say, yeah, that would define my career.

— Edgar Martínez, espn.com: September 25, 2004.[26]

The double entered baseball lore, referred to as "The Double", by Mariners fans. The Mariners' 1995 postseason run helped build the groundswell of public support that led the Washington State Legislature to, enact legislation to fund a dedicated baseball stadium in Seattle to replace the Kingdome. Mariners' manager Lou Piniella referred to it as "the hit, the run, the game, the series and the season that saved baseball in Seattle."[26]

Continued success (1996–2001)

E Martinez
Martínez at bat in 2004

In 1996, Martínez batted .327 and was selected for the 1996 MLB All-Star Game. He played one game at third base during the season, during which he collided with John Marzano, breaking four ribs and missing 21 games. On August 21, 1996, Martínez recorded his 1,000th career MLB hit. Martínez was selected to the 1997 MLB All-Star Game and won the Silver Slugger Award at the end of the 1997 season. He finished second in the AL with a .330 average. The Mariners made the 1997 ALDS, but lost to the Baltimore Orioles in four games. Martínez batted .188 in the series.[6] He won his second Outstanding Designated Hitter Award.[25] In 1998, Martínez batted .320 with 29 home runs.[6] He led the AL with a .429 OBP,[27] and won his third Outstanding Designated Hitter Award.[25]

In 1999, Martínez was diagnosed with strabismus,[28] a condition which causes the eyes to not properly align. For Martínez, his right eye would intermittently drift and cause him to lose depth perception.[5] For the 1999 season, he led the AL with a .447 OBP and batted .337. He recorded his 1,500th hit on August 14.[6] In 2000, Martínez earned his fifth All-Star Game selection. He hit 37 home runs, his single-season best, and led the American League with 145 RBIs.[2] The Mariners reached the postseason, and Martínez batted .364 in the 2000 ALDS, defeating the Chicago White Sox.[6] The Mariners lost to the Yankees in the 2000 American League Championship Series (ALCS). Martínez finished sixth in AL MVP Award balloting,[2] and won the Outstanding Designated Hitter Award.[25]

In 2001, Martínez was again elected to the All-Star Game.[2] He batted .306 with 113 RBIs,[8] his tenth season with a .300 or better batting average (his seventh consecutive) and his sixth season with 100 RBIs.[6] Seattle tied the major league record set by the 1906 Chicago Cubs with 116 wins on the season. Martínez hit .313 with two home runs in the 2001 ALDS as Seattle defeated Cleveland, but he batted .150 in the 2001 ALCS as they lost to the Yankees.[2][6] He won the Silver Slugger Award and the Outstanding Designated Hitter Award in 2001.[25][29]

Later career (2002–2004)

Martínez dealt with leg injuries in 2002, playing in 97 games. He left a game after pulling his hamstring and had surgery to repair a ruptured tendon in his left knee. Though he was batting .301 on September 8, he entered a slump late in the season and ended the year with a .277 batting average. In 2003, Martínez again dealt with hamstring injuries. He batted .304 in the first half of the season and was named to the 2003 MLB All-Star Game. On May 2, Martínez had his 2,000th career hit. He broke a toe when it was hit by a foul ball in September, which limited him until the end of the season.[6] He ended the season with a .294 batting average, 24 home runs, and a .403 OBP.[2] He won his fifth Silver Slugger Award in 2003.[30]

In 2004, Martínez struggled with a sore back, leg injuries, and difficulties with his eyesight.[6] The Mariners struggled, falling out of the postseason chase, and the team began to give playing time at designated hitter to Bucky Jacobsen.[4] On August 9, 2004, Martínez announced his retirement, effective at the end of the season. Martínez said this about his choice of retiring and career in Seattle:

It is hard, very hard, I feel in my mind and my heart I want to keep playing. But my body is saying something differently, so I feel this is a good decision.

— Edgar Martínez, August 10, 2004[31]

Martínez won the Roberto Clemente Award after the 2004 season.[32]

Coaching (2015–2018)

On June 20, 2015, the Mariners hired Martínez as their hitting coach, reassigning Howard Johnson.[33] The team's offense improved from a .233 batting average and 3.4 runs scored per game in the 68 games coached by Johnson to a .260 average and 4.6 runs per game with Martínez in 94 games. Though Jerry Dipoto, newly hired as general manager, fired Lloyd McClendon as manager after the season, he retained Martínez.[34] Martínez coached the Mariners through to the end of the 2018 season. Out of a desire to spend more time with his family, Martínez moved from hitting coach to a hitting advisor role with the Mariners organization after the 2018 season.[35]

Legacy

Martinez-11
Edgar Martínez's number 11 was retired by the Seattle Mariners in 2017.

Hall of Fame pitcher Mariano Rivera, when asked whether there was anyone he was afraid to face, said that he was never afraid, but "I will put it like this: The only guy that I didn't want to face, when a tough situation comes, was Edgar Martínez. The reason is because I couldn't get him out. (laughs) I couldn't get him out. It didn't matter how I threw the ball. I couldn't get him out. Oh, my god, he had more than my number. He had my breakfast, lunch and dinner. He got everything from me."[36] Versus Rivera, Martínez was able to log a .579 batting average, with 11 hits during 19 at bats.[37] Hall of Fame pitcher Pedro Martínez (no relation) also named Edgar Martínez as one of the toughest hitters he had to pitch against in his career because, Pedro said, he was very disciplined at the plate and "would foul off pitches that would wipe out anybody else."[38]

Martínez was inducted into the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame on September 9, 2003, in a pregame on field ceremony at Safeco Field.[39] In October 2004, following his retirement, a section of South Atlantic Street (State Route 519) in Seattle adjacent to Safeco Field was renamed Edgar Martínez Drive South.[40] At his retirement ceremony, a portrait "featuring his high stepping batting style" painted by artist Michele Rushworth was presented to him by the Mariners.[41] In 2004, MLB renamed the Outstanding Designated Hitter Award in Martínez's honor.[42] In 2005, fans voted Martínez as the third baseman on the Latino Legends Team.[43]

Since his retirement, the Mariners did not issue Martinez' uniform number 11 to any other player. Under Mariners' team policy, he was not eligible to have his uniform number formally retired until 2010, when he became eligible for the National Baseball Hall of Fame for the first time.[44] The Mariners inducted Martínez into the Seattle Mariners Hall of Fame on June 2, 2007,[45] and retired Martinez's #11 jersey on August 12, 2017.[44]

First eligible to be elected into the Hall of Fame in the 2010 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, and with 75% of the vote required for induction, Martínez received 36.2% of the vote. While some sports writers felt that his batting numbers do not overcome the one-dimensional aspect of his career as a DH, others have compared this to the specialty of closers whose contribution to their teams victories resides on working one inning to preserve an advantage and the fact that these late inning relievers are not involved in other facets of the game such as hitting and base running.[46] By the 2018 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, his ninth year on the ballot, Martínez's vote total increased to 70.4%. The 2019 ballot, his last chance for election by the Baseball Writers' Association of America, elected him to the Hall of Fame, appearing on 85.4% of the ballots cast.[47][48] He became the second player to enter the Hall of Fame as a Mariner, after Ken Griffey Jr.,[49] and the sixth player to be elected in his final year of eligibility, after Red Ruffing, Joe Medwick, Ralph Kiner, Jim Rice, and Tim Raines.[50]

Personal life

EdgarMartinez2009
Martínez in 2009

Martínez met Holli (née) Beeler on a blind date; they married in October 1992.[2][51] They live in Kirkland, Washington, with their three children: Alex, Tessa, and Jacqueline. He runs Branded Solutions by Edgar Martínez, a byproduct of his family's embroidery business, in nearby Tacoma.[52] Martínez is one of the founders of Plaza Bank, founded in 2005 as Washington's first Hispanic bank.[53]

Martínez and his wife Holli have contributed their time and money to made available to Seattle Children's Hospital, including the Edgar Martínez Endowment for Muscular Dystrophy Research, established by the Mariners in honor of his retirement, and the Children's Hospital Annual Wishing Well Night at T-Mobile Park. Martínez has also supported the Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy, Overlake Hospital, Make-A-Wish Foundation, Wishing Star Foundation, United Way, Esperanza, Page Ahead Children's Literacy Program, Big Brothers Big Sisters, Boys & Girls Clubs of America, and Mariners Care. Because of his contributions, on June 20, 2007, Martínez was inducted into the World Sports Humanitarian Hall of Fame in Boise, Idaho.[54]

In 2006, Martínez cofounded Branded Solutions, a corporate merchandise category, with two executives from ImageSource.[55] He sold the company to ImageSource in 2010.[56] For the 2013 season, the Mariners worked with Martínez, local chef Ethan Stowell and bartender Anu Apte to create "Edgar's Cantina" at Safeco Field.[57]

See also

References

  1. ^ Baseball-Reference. "Baseball-Reference Play Index". Retrieved December 23, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Edgar Martinez U+00AD Society American Baseball Research". sabr.org. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  3. ^ Bob Finnigan (2000). "Edgar Martinez – Mariners' hitting machine". Baseball Digest. CSN Sports Network. 59 (11): 23.
  4. ^ a b Stone, Larry; José Miguel Romero; Les Carpenter (October 4, 2004). "Goodbye, Mr. Baseball: The Final Years (2002–present)". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d e Stone, Larry (August 11, 2017). "Edgar Martinez's improbable path to becoming a Mariners icon". The Seattle Times. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Edgar Martinez Through the Years". Kitsap Sun. October 3, 2004. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  7. ^ "Edgar Martinez Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  8. ^ a b c "MLB - Edgar Martinez's Hall of Fame moment is Seattle's Hall of Fame moment". Espn.com. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  9. ^ "1987 Calgary Cannons". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  10. ^ "Seattle Mariners' beloved Edgar Martinez worthy of number retirement | Tacoma News Tribune". Thenewstribune.com. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  11. ^ a b "1988 Splits – Edgar Martínez". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  12. ^ "1990 Seattle Mariners". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  13. ^ a b "American League Player of the Week July 1991". MLB.com. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  14. ^ "San Diego All-Star Game chance to see how far MLB has come since 1992". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Major League Baseball Players Who Won Player of the Month". Baseball-Almanac. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  16. ^ "Batting Average Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  17. ^ "1992 Major League Baseball Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. January 1, 1970. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  18. ^ a b "Seattle Team Records for Single Season". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  19. ^ a b "Silver Slugger Awards". Louisville Slugger. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  20. ^ Finnigan, Bob (October 4, 2004). "Memories of Edgar". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2008.
  21. ^ "Game Summary of 1994 Season Opener". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  22. ^ "JAWS and the 2017 Hall of Fame ballot: Edgar Martinez". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  23. ^ "1995 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. January 1, 1970. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  24. ^ Ross Newhan (November 17, 1995). "Voters Like Vaughn Best in AL : Baseball: Boston first baseman wins MVP award by narrow margin over Belle, whose disposition may have cost him". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  25. ^ a b c d e "MLB Delivery Man, Edgar Martinez and Comeback Player of the Year Award Winners". Baseball-Reference.com. January 1, 1970. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  26. ^ a b "Martinez is beloved by Seattle fans; what about Hall voters?". ESPN.com. Associated Press. September 25, 2004. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  27. ^ "1998 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. January 1, 1970. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  28. ^ Ken Rosenthal (May 6, 2001). "Martinez keeps hits coming despite an eye disorder". Sporting News.
  29. ^ "MLB Silver Slugger Award Winners - American League". Baseball-Reference.com. January 1, 1970. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  30. ^ "MLB Silver Slugger Award Winners - American League". Baseball-Reference.com. January 1, 1970. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  31. ^ Condotta, Bob (August 10, 2004). "Goodbye, Edgar: He hopes to "enjoy the moment" in next 7 weeks". Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  32. ^ Kelley, Steve (October 27, 2004). "Sports: Edgar Martinez receives Clemente Award". The Seattle Times. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  33. ^ Johns, Greg (May 24, 2018). "Mariners name Edgar Martinez hitting coach". MLB.com. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  34. ^ Johns, Greg (May 24, 2018). "Edgar Martinez will remain as hitting coach". MLB.com. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  35. ^ "Edgar Martinez moves into hitting adviser role with Mariners". USA Today. October 30, 2018. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  36. ^ Rose, Charlie (2013). "Charlie Rose: October 16, 2013". Charlie Rose Show. Bloomberg News: 34:00.
  37. ^ Booth, Randy (April 8, 2010). "Nobody Can Beat Mariano Rivera – Except This Lineup". SB Nation. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  38. ^ DeMartino, Joe (May 7, 2015). "Here are the five toughest hitters Pedro Martinez ever had to face". ESPN. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  39. ^ Korte, Tim (September 10, 2003). "Martinez inducted into Hispanic hall". Statesman Journal. Salem, Oregon. Associated Press. p. 2B. Retrieved January 26, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
  40. ^ Thiel, Art (September 30, 2004). "Seattle to Rename Street After Edgar Martínez". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  41. ^ Flynn, Mike (May 23, 2012). "Rushworth's portraits of the prominent present career-transition success story - Flynn's Harp". Emikeflynn.com. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  42. ^ Finnigan, Bob (October 3, 2004). "Edgar gives tip of the cap in tribute; M's fall to Rangers". The Seattle Times. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  43. ^ Morosi, Jon Paul (October 26, 2005). "Edgar voted a Latino Legend: Lack of DH on ballot poses no problem for Mariners great". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  44. ^ a b "Watch: Mariners retire Edgar Martinez's No. 11 (full ceremony)". The Seattle Times. August 12, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  45. ^ Stone, Larry (January 24, 2007). "Edgar Martinez to be inducted into Mariners' Hall of Fame". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on October 14, 2012.
  46. ^ Snyder, Matt (December 25, 2013). "Martinez HOF case". CBS Sports. Archived from the original on December 26, 2013. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
  47. ^ Schoenfield, David (January 22, 2019). "Mariano Rivera, Edgar Martinez, Roy Halladay and Mike Mussina joining Hall of Fame". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  48. ^ Divish, Ryan (January 22, 2019). "Edgar Martinez, legendary Mariners DH, overcomes odds to make Baseball Hall of Fame in final attempt". The Seattle Times. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  49. ^ "Edgar Martinez, Seattle Mariners, elected Baseball Hall of Fame". Espn.com. January 23, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  50. ^ Kelly, Matt (May 24, 2018). "Hall of Famers Elected in Final Year on Ballot". MLB.com. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  51. ^ "Rooting for the Home Team". Spu.edu. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  52. ^ Branded Solutions by Edgar Martínez Archived July 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  53. ^ "Launchers: risk takers who started companies or causes". Puget Sound Business Journal. December 25, 2005. Archived from the original on January 1, 2006.
  54. ^ Press, Associated (June 21, 2007). "Mutombo, Petty, Martinez inducted into Humanitarian Hall of Fame | Sports". tdn.com. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  55. ^ Dietrich, Heidi (December 11, 2006). "Edgar Martinez takes swing at starting up company". Puget Sound Business Journal. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  56. ^ "Edgar Martinez sells company to Image Source". Puget Sound Business Journal. September 27, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  57. ^ Perry, Julien. "Look Inside Edgar's Cantina at Safeco Field". seattle.eater.com. Retrieved May 22, 2013.

External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Kirby Puckett
Manny Ramírez
Jermaine Dye
Alfonso Soriano
AL Player of the Month
July & August 1992
June 1995
May 2000
May 2003
Succeeded by
Frank Thomas
G. Anderson
Albert Belle
Jason Giambi
1995 American League West tie-breaker game

The 1995 American League West tie-breaker game was a one-game extension to Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1995 regular season; the California Angels and Seattle Mariners met to determine the winner of the American League's (AL) West Division. It was played at the Kingdome in Seattle, Washington, on the afternoon of Monday, October 2.The game was necessary after both finished the strike-shortened 144-game season with identical records of 78–66 (.542). Scoreless until the fifth inning, Seattle held a slim 1–0 lead at the seventh-inning stretch. The Mariners then broke it open and won 9–1 to secure the franchise's first postseason berth. It was counted as the 145th regular season game for both teams, with all the events in the game added to regular season statistics.

The game matched two highly unlikely teams: the Angels had not been to the postseason since 1986, and had not finished above third place in the AL West since. The Mariners had never been close to a pennant chase, with only two winning records (1991, 1993) in eighteen seasons.

With under two months left on August 3, the Angels were 56–33 (.629) with a comfortable lead in the AL West standings, eleven games ahead of Texas, and thirteen ahead of the third-place Mariners, at 43–46 (.483). By the end of the month, the Angels (67–50 (.573)) were on a six-game losing streak and their lead was trimmed to 7½ games over both. On September 21, the Angels lost their seventh-straight and the Mariners pulled even at 72–63 (.533), with Texas four games back. Five days later, Seattle had won its seventh straight and built three-game lead with five to go. then were shut out by the Angels. The M's won the first two games at Texas to clinch a tie with two remaining, but dropped the last two while California swept Oakland to finish on a five-game winning streak.At the time, the Angels' lead relinquishment was the third-largest in major league history, behind the 1978 Boston Red Sox and 1951 Brooklyn Dodgers.

After winning the tie-breaker, the Mariners met the New York Yankees (wild card) in the best-of-five AL Division Series. After two losses at Yankee Stadium, the second in fifteen innings, Seattle swept the next three games at home, capped by an 11th-inning double by Edgar Martínez in Game 5. The Mariners hosted and won the opener of the American League Championship Series, but lost to the Cleveland Indians in six games. The Angels did not return to the postseason until 2002, when they won their only World Series.

1995 Caribbean Series

The thirty-seventh edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was held from February 3 through February 8 of 1995 in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The series featured four teams from Dominican Republic, Mexico, Puerto Rico and Venezuela. The hometown team, the Senadores de San Juan of the Puerto Rican League won the series. The team was managed by Luis Meléndez. The Most Valuable Player was Roberto Alomar, a second baseman with the Senadores de San Juan.

While the San Juan club had faced difficulty in emerging as the champions of the Puerto Rican Winter League, the team swept its way through the six-game Series by a 49-15 score. The Azucareros del Este of the Dominican League lost one game 16-0 by Puerto Rico. However they won all of their games against the other teams thanks to the arms of José Rijo, Pedro Martínez and Pedro Astacio to place second with a 4-2 record.

Puerto Rico was helped by having many major leaguers who normally would have taken off the time for spring training. Roberto Alomar (.560, 10 RBI, 9 R, .840 SLG, 2 SB) was the Series MVP and he was helped by Bernie Williams (.417, .875 SLG), Juan González (.375, .667 SLG), Edgar Martínez (.375, 9 RBI), Carlos Baerga, Rubén Sierra, a young Carlos Delgado hitting cleanup, Roberto Hernández, Rey Sánchez (.333), Doug Brocail (1-0, 1.00), José Alberro (1-0, 0.00 in 4 games), Eric Gunderson (1-0, 1.13), Ricky Bones and Chris Haney (2.45) among others. Sanchez had won the Puerto Rican Winter League batting title but batted 9th with the superb lineup in front of him.

1995 Seattle Mariners season

The Seattle Mariners' 1995 season was the 19th in the history of the franchise. The team finished with a regular season record of 79–66 (.545) to win their first American League West title. They had tied the California Angels for first place, and in the one-game tiebreaker, the Mariners defeated the Angels 9–1 to make the postseason for the first time in franchise history.In the postseason, the Mariners defeated the New York Yankees in the best-of-five American League Division Series after losing the first two games, a series notable for Edgar Martínez' 11th-inning double that clinched the series for the Mariners. In the American League Championship Series, Seattle won the opener at home but lost in six games to the Cleveland Indians.

1997 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1997 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 68th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 8, 1997, at Jacobs Field in Cleveland, the home of the Cleveland Indians of the American League. The game resulted in the American League defeating the National League 3-1. The game marked the fifth time the All-Star Game was held in Cleveland and first since 1981. It was also the first All-Star game held at Jacobs Field, which opened three years earlier.

2000 American League Championship Series

The 2000 American League Championship Series (ALCS) was a matchup between the East Division champion New York Yankees and the Wild Card Seattle Mariners. The Yankees had advanced to the Series after beating the West Division champion Oakland Athletics in the ALDS three games to two and the Mariners advanced by beating the Central Division champion Chicago White Sox three games to none. The Yankees won the Series four games to two and went on to defeat the New York Mets in the World Series to win their third consecutive World Series championship, twenty-sixth overall.

2019 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the National Baseball Hall of Fame for 2019 proceeded according to rules most recently amended in 2016. As in the past, the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from a ballot of recently retired players. The results were announced on January 22, 2019, with the BBWAA electing Mariano Rivera, Roy Halladay, Edgar Martínez and Mike Mussina to the Hall of Fame. Rivera and Halladay were elected in their first year of eligibility, while Martínez was elected in his last year of eligibility. Rivera became the first player to be unanimously elected, appearing on all 425 ballots; he broke Ken Griffey Jr.'s record of 99.32 percent (437 out of 440), set in 2016.The Today's Game Era Committee, one of four voting panels that since 2016 have taken over the role of the more broadly defined Veterans Committee, convened on December 9, 2018 to select from a ballot of retired players and non-playing personnel who made their greatest contributions to the sport after 1987, with Harold Baines and Lee Smith elected by this body. The formal induction ceremony will be held at the Hall's facilities in Cooperstown, New York on July 21, 2019.

Billy Butler (baseball)

Billy Ray Butler (born William Raymond Butler, Jr.; April 18, 1986), nicknamed "Country Breakfast", is an American former professional baseball designated hitter and first baseman. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Kansas City Royals from 2007 to 2014, the Oakland Athletics from 2015 to 2016 and the New York Yankees in 2016. Butler was an MLB All-Star in 2012, and won the Silver Slugger Award and Edgar Martínez Award that season.

Carmelo Martínez

Carmelo Martínez Salgado (born July 28, 1960) is a former professional baseball player who has been a member of the Chicago Cubs organization since 1997. He played all or part of nine seasons in Major League Baseball, primarily as a first baseman and outfielder, from 1983 to 1991. He also played one season in Japan for the Orix BlueWave in 1992. He is the cousin of Edgar Martínez.

Dave Niehaus

David Arnold Niehaus (February 19, 1935 – November 10, 2010) was an American sportscaster. He was the lead play-by-play announcer for the American League's Seattle Mariners from their inaugural season in 1977 until his death after the 2010 season. In 2008, the National Baseball Hall of Fame awarded Niehaus the Ford C. Frick Award, the highest honor for American baseball broadcasters. Among fans nationwide and his peers, Niehaus was considered to be one of the finest sportscasters in history.

Edgar Martínez (footballer)

Edgar Leonardo Martínez Fracchia (born January 26, 1979 in Montevideo), commonly known as Edgar Martínez, is a Uruguayan footballer who plays as a centre back for Sud América.

Edgar Martínez Award

The Edgar Martínez Outstanding Designated Hitter Award, commonly referred to as the Edgar Martínez Award and originally known as the Outstanding Designated Hitter Award, has been presented annually to the most outstanding designated hitter (DH) in the American League (AL) in Major League Baseball (MLB) since 1973. The award is voted on by club beat reporters, broadcasters and AL public relations departments. All players with a minimum of 100 at bats at DH are eligible. It was given annually by members of the Associated Press who are beat writers, broadcasters, and public relations directors. The Associated Press discontinued the award in 2000, but it was picked up by the Baseball Writers' Association of America, which has administered it since.In September 2004, at Safeco Field ceremonies in honor of Edgar Martínez, Commissioner Bud Selig announced that the award would be renamed for the five-time recipient (1995, 1997–98, 2000–01). In an 18-year career with the Seattle Mariners, primarily as a designated hitter, Martínez batted .312, with 309 career home runs and 1,261 runs batted in.David Ortiz has won the award eight times, more than any other player (2003–2007, 2011, 2013, 2016). Other repeat winners of the award include Martinez himself (five times), three-time winner Hal McRae (1976, 1980, and 1982) and two-time winners Willie Horton (1975 and 1979), Greg Luzinski (1981 and 1983), Don Baylor (1985 and 1986), Harold Baines (1987 and 1988), Dave Parker (1989 and 1990), and Paul Molitor (1993 and 1996). Boston Red Sox players have won the most Edgar Martínez Awards with eleven.

List of Boston Red Sox award winners

This is a list of award winners and single-season leaderboards for the Boston Red Sox professional baseball team.

List of Seattle Mariners team records

The Seattle Mariners are a Major League Baseball (MLB) team who have participated in 36 seasons since their inception in 1977. Through 2012, they have played 5,707 games, winning 2,664, losing 3,043, and tying two, for a winning percentage of .467. This list documents the superlative records and accomplishments of team members during their tenures as Seattle Mariners in Major League Baseball's American League West.

Ichiro Suzuki holds the most franchise records as of the end of the 2012 season, with ten, including best single-season batting average, most career hits, and most career triples. He is followed by Edgar Martínez, who holds nine records, including best career on-base percentage and the single-season walk record.Two Mariners players currently hold Major League Baseball records. Ichiro holds the record for most single-season hits and singles, obtaining both in 2004. Mike Cameron is tied with 14 others for the most home runs in a game, with four. Additionally, Gene Walter, a Mariner for the 1988 season, is tied for the American League lead in balks for a single game, which he achieved on July 18 in a game against the Detroit Tigers.

List of Silver Slugger Award winners at designated hitter

The Silver Slugger Award is awarded annually to the best offensive player at each position in both the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), as determined by the coaches and managers of Major League Baseball (MLB). These voters consider several offensive categories in selecting the winners, including batting average, slugging percentage, and on-base percentage, in addition to "coaches' and managers' general impressions of a player's overall offensive value". Managers and coaches are not permitted to vote for players on their own team. The Silver Slugger was first awarded in 1980 and is given by Hillerich & Bradsby, the manufacturer of Louisville Slugger bats. The award is a bat-shaped trophy, 3 feet (91 cm) tall, engraved with the names of each of the winners from the league and plated with sterling silver.Designated hitters (DH) only receive a Silver Slugger Award in the American League because the batting order in the National League includes the pitcher; therefore, pitchers receive the National League award instead. David Ortiz has won the most Silver Sluggers as a designated hitter, capturing four consecutively from 2004 to 2007, and winning again in 2011, 2013 and 2016. Two players are tied with four wins. Paul Molitor won the award four times with three different teams: the Milwaukee Brewers in 1987 and 1988; the Toronto Blue Jays in 1993, when the team won the World Series; and the Minnesota Twins in 1996. Edgar Martínez won the award four times with the Seattle Mariners (1995, 1997, 2001, 2003). Don Baylor won the Silver Slugger three times in four years (1983, 1985–1986) as a designated hitter with the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox, and Frank Thomas won it twice with the Chicago White Sox (1991, 2000). Harold Baines won the award while playing for two separate teams in the same season; he was traded by the White Sox to the Texas Rangers in the middle of the 1989 season. J. D. Martinez is the most recent winner.

Martínez set the records for the highest batting average and on-base percentage in a designated hitter's winning season with his .356 and .479 marks, respectively, in 1995. Manny Ramírez' slugging percentage of .647 is best among all winners at the position. Ortiz hit 54 home runs during the 2006 season, when he won his third consecutive award, and his 2005 total of 148 runs batted in is tied with Rafael Palmeiro's 1999 mark for best among designated hitters.

Seattle Mariners

The Seattle Mariners are an American professional baseball team based in Seattle, Washington. The Mariners compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) West Division. The team joined the American League as an expansion team in 1977 playing their home games in the Kingdome. Since July 1999, the Mariners' home ballpark has been T-Mobile Park (formerly Safeco Field), located in the SoDo neighborhood of Seattle.

The "Mariners" name originates from the prominence of marine culture in the city of Seattle. They are nicknamed the M's, a title featured in their primary logo from 1987 to 1992. They adopted their current team colors – navy blue, northwest green (teal), and silver – prior to the 1993 season, after having been royal blue and gold since the team's inception. Their mascot is the Mariner Moose.

The organization did not field a winning team until 1991, and any real success eluded them until 1995 when they won their first division championship and defeated the New York Yankees in the ALDS. The game-winning hit in Game 5, in which Edgar Martínez drove home Ken Griffey Jr. to win the game in the 11th inning, clinched a series win for the Mariners, served as a powerful impetus to preserve baseball in Seattle, and has since become an iconic moment in team history.

The Mariners won 116 games in 2001, which set the American League record for most wins in a single season and tied the 1906 Chicago Cubs for the Major League record for most wins in a single season.

Through the end of the 2018 season, the franchise has finished with a losing record in 28 of 42 seasons. The Mariners are one of seven Major League Baseball teams who have never won a World Series championship, and one of two (along with the Washington Nationals) never to have played in a World Series. With the National Football League's Buffalo Bills ending their 17-year playoff drought on December 31, 2017, the Mariners now hold the longest playoff drought in all of the four major North American professional sports, having not qualified for the playoffs since 2001.

Seattle Mariners Hall of Fame

The Seattle Mariners Hall of Fame is an American museum and hall of fame for the Seattle Mariners of Major League Baseball. It is located at T-Mobile Park in the SoDo district of downtown Seattle.

Seattle Mariners award winners and league leaders

The following is a list of Seattle Mariners professional baseball players and managers who have won various awards or other accolades from Major League Baseball or other organizations or have led the American League in some statistical category at the end of the season.

Silver Slugger Award

The Silver Slugger Award is awarded annually to the best offensive player at each position in both the American League and the National League, as determined by the coaches and managers of Major League Baseball. These voters consider several offensive categories in selecting the winners, including batting average, slugging percentage, and on-base percentage, in addition to "coaches' and managers' general impressions of a player's overall offensive value". Managers and coaches are not permitted to vote for players on their own team. The Silver Slugger was first awarded in 1980 and is given by Hillerich & Bradsby, the manufacturer of Louisville Slugger bats. The award is a bat-shaped trophy, 3 feet (91 cm) tall, engraved with the names of each of the winners from the league and plated with sterling silver.The prize is presented to outfielders irrespective of their specific position. This means that it is possible for three left fielders, or any other combination of outfielders, to win the award in the same year, rather than one left fielder, one center fielder, and one right fielder. In addition, only National League pitchers receive a Silver Slugger Award; lineups in the American League include a designated hitter in place of the pitcher in the batting order, so the designated hitter receives the award instead.Home run record-holder Barry Bonds won twelve Silver Slugger Awards in his career as an outfielder, the most of any player. He also won the award in five consecutive seasons twice in his career: from 1990 to 1994, and again from 2000 to 2004. Retired former New York Mets catcher Mike Piazza and former New York Yankees third baseman Alex Rodriguez are tied for second, with ten wins each. Rodriguez' awards are split between two positions; he won seven Silver Sluggers as a shortstop for the Seattle Mariners and Texas Rangers, and three with the Yankees as a third baseman. Wade Boggs leads third basemen with eight Silver Slugger Awards; Barry Larkin leads shortstops with nine. Other leaders include Ryne Sandberg (seven wins as a second baseman) and Mike Hampton (five wins as a pitcher). Todd Helton and Albert Pujols are tied for the most wins among first baseman with four, although Pujols has won two awards at other positions. David Ortiz has won seven awards at designated hitter position, the most at that position.

The Double (Seattle Mariners)

The Double was a double hit by the Seattle Mariners' Edgar Martínez in Game 5 of Major League Baseball's 1995 American League Division Series on October 8, 1995. Trailing by one run in the bottom half of the 11th inning, with Joey Cora on third base and Ken Griffey, Jr. on first, Martinez's hit drove in Cora and Griffey, giving the Mariners a 6–5 victory over the New York Yankees to clinch the series, 3–2. The play is held to be the "biggest hit in franchise history."Amid rumors that the team would be sold and/or relocated, the Mariners—who had had only two winning seasons (1991 and 1993) since beginning play in 1977—mounted a late-season comeback in 1995 to clinch their first postseason appearance in franchise history. They then mounted a series of comebacks in the ALDS, first overcoming a 2-game series deficit to force a deciding Game 5, then tying Game 5 in the 8th inning to force extra innings, and finally a one-run 11th inning deficit that was overcome by the Double.

The hit is regarded as the defining moment of Martinez's 18-year Major League Baseball Hall of Fame career. Mariners broadcaster Dave Niehaus' call of the play—which is equally memorable to Seattle fans as the play itself—is also regarded as the highlight of his career. The play is also credited with keeping a Major League Baseball team in the city of Seattle, as it helped garner support for a new taxpayer-funded stadium for the Mariners. That stadium, known today as T-Mobile Park (it was originally known as Safeco Field through the end of the 2018 season), opened in 1999, with the Double depicted in a mural as part of the stadium's art collection.

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