Eden Prairie, Minnesota

Eden Prairie is an edge city 12 miles (19 km) southwest of downtown Minneapolis in Hennepin County, and the 12th-largest city in the State of Minnesota. It is the 7th-largest suburb in the Twin Cities, with a population of 60,797 at the 2010 census.[9] The city is on the north bank of the Minnesota River, upstream from its confluence with the Mississippi River.

Eden Prairie is an affluent suburb with a mixed-income city model. It is home to 7,213 firms,[10] municipal and regional parks, conservation areas, trails, and recreational facilities.[11]

There are walking trails around Purgatory Creek and Staring Lake,[12] and the Minnesota River Bluffs Regional Trail.[13] The city has more than 170 miles (270 km) of multi-use trails, 2,250 acres (9 km2) of parks, and 1,300 acres (5 km2) of open space. It is home to the headquarters of SuperValu, C.H. Robinson Worldwide, SABIS, and MTS Systems Corporation. It contains the Eden Prairie Center and is the hub for SouthWest Transit, providing public transportation to three adjacent suburbs. KMSP and WFTC are also based in Eden Prairie.

Eden Prairie and nearby suburbs form the southwest portion of Minneapolis–Saint Paul, the 15th-largest metropolitan area in the United States, with about 3.6 million residents.

Eden Prairie has been one of Money magazine's "Best Places to Live" in America since 2006;[14] the city earned first place in the 2010 survey[15] and second place in 2016.[16] In 2017, eleven Eden Prairie students scored perfect ACT test scores.[17]

Eden Prairie
Eden Prairie City Center
Eden Prairie City Center
Live, Work, Dream[3]
Location of Eden Prairie within Hennepin County, Minnesota
Location of Eden Prairie
within Hennepin County, Minnesota
Coordinates: 44°51′17″N 93°28′15″W / 44.85472°N 93.47083°WCoordinates: 44°51′17″N 93°28′15″W / 44.85472°N 93.47083°W
CountryUnited States
IncorporatedOctober 22, 1962 [4]
Founded byRobert Anderson
 • MayorRon Case (DFL)
 • City35.26 sq mi (91.32 km2)
 • Land32.52 sq mi (84.24 km2)
 • Water2.73 sq mi (7.08 km2)
886 ft (270 m)
 • City60,797
 • Estimate 
 • RankUS: 568th Minnesota: 12th
 • Density1,980.08/sq mi (764.50/km2)
 • Urban
2,650,890 (US: 16th)
 • Metro
3,524,583 (US: 16th)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (Central (CDT))
ZIP codes
55344, 55346, 55347
Area code(s)952
FIPS code27-18116
GNIS feature ID643164[8]
AirportFlying Cloud Airport (Public/Reliever)
U.S. RoutesUS 169.svg US 212.svg
State RoutesMN-5.svg MN-62.svg MN-101.svg
County roadsHennepin County 61.svg
Public transportationSouthwest Transit
Light RailMetro Minnesota icon.svg Southwest LRT (Opening 2023)
WebsiteCity of Eden Prairie


J.R. Cummins Cabin
Cummins Cabin, pre-1860
Cummins House 6
Current photo of the Cummins-Phipps-Grill House
Flailing Out Beans at Cummins Farm.jpeg
Flailing out beans at Cummins Farm

For most of its existence, Eden Prairie has been a slow-growing, pastoral village on the far southwest fringes of the Twin Cities. Between 1880 and 1960, Eden Prairie’s population only grew from about 739 to 2,000.

Native Americans were the first to live in the area. Originally, the land was part of the Great Dakota Nation, but when the Ojibwa arrived from the Great Lakes region, the tribes began to clash over the land. The Ojibwa were armed with knives and guns traded to them by white settlers and fur traders, and after years of bloody warfare the Ojibwa had forced the Dakota to give up all their land east of the Mississippi River, and north of the Crow Wing River, land which did not include what is now Eden Prairie.[18]

On May 25, 1858, a battle was fought between the Dakota and the Ojibwa in the southern part of Eden Prairie, just north of the Minnesota River, an area referred to as Murphy's Ferry. The Ojibwa people wished to "avenge the murder" of one of their people committed the previous fall by the Dakota. The Ojibwa had 200 warriors, the Dakota somewhere between 60 and 70, but the Dakota proved victorious, wounding the young Chief of the Ojibwa tribe.[18]

The tribes continued to fight over territory well into the 1860s, even after the "Sioux Uprising" of 1862, when most of the Dakota people were removed from Minnesota.

Among the notable Native Americans who lived in the Eden Prairie area was Chief Shoto. Born into the band of Chief Wabash, he went on to be the chief of the Red Wing Dakota tribe for 15 years, leaving them and becoming Chief of the "Little Six" band of Dakota until the uprising in 1862, during which he became a scout for then Governor Sibley from 1862 to 1870, returning to the Little Six band in 1872. He died in 1899 at the age of 99 at his home in Eden Prairie.[18]

In 1851, a treaty opened land west of the Mississippi River to settlement allowing pioneers to settle in what is now Eden Prairie. Many early farmhouses are left in the town, and can be found on the National Register of Historic Places. One of these early settlers was John Cummins, an Irish-born immigrant who built what is now referred to as the "Cummins-Phipps-Grill House" with his wife Mattie in 1880.[19] Manuscripts indicate that John Cummins was an avid and respected horticulturist, scientist, and farmer; he used his farmland to experiment with different strains of apples and grapes to try to find one that could withstand the harsh climate in Minnesota.[20] The Cummins family sold this property to the Phipps family 1908.[18]

Eden Prairie's town board held its first meeting in a log schoolhouse on May 11, 1858, the same day Minnesota became a state. Eden Prairie's farming community grew slowly over the years. Flying Cloud Airport was the first sign of big development in 1946. The 1960s and 1970s were decades of growth for the city's parks and recreation system. In the mid-1970s, the community gained a higher profile with the addition of Interstate Highway 494 and the Eden Prairie Shopping Center. Eden Prairie became a village in 1962, and a statutory city in 1974. A popular lake in Eden Prairie is Staring Lake, named for Jonas Staring, who built the first house by the lake.


Originally named "Eden" in 1853 by a Mrs. Elliot, she chose this name because of her admiration of the "beautiful prairie" that occupies the southern portion of the town.[21]


MN 240720095092 bryant lake
Bryant Lake, in Eden Prairie, originally named Bryant's Lake or one of many "Long Lake" lakes in Minnesota.[22]

Eden Prairie is approximately 11 miles (18 km) southwest of Minneapolis along the northern side of the Minnesota River.

Interstate 494, U.S. Highways 169 and 212, and Minnesota State Highway 5 are four of the city's main routes.

Eden Prairie's land consists of rolling hills and bluffs overlooking the Minnesota River, with zones of prairie and mixed (primarily deciduous) forests. Eden Prairie has great parks such as Staring Lake Park and Bryant Lakes Regional Park with trails for running & biking.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.19 square miles (91.14 km2), of which 32.45 square miles (84.05 km2) is land and 2.74 square miles (7.10 km2) is water.[23]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201764,400[7]5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[24]

Eden Prairie "attracts a very diverse crowd" from many income groups.[25] Eden Prairie also is the home of the affluent gated community Bearpath, yet the community vibe of citizens in Eden Prairie is a sense of working, educated, community-minded residents, often with kids together in the schools and afterschool activities, such as the Youth Sports Program.[26] Minnesotans in general have a Midwest sense of middle class community and have never embraced gated communities in significant numbers.[27] Eden Prairie is the 12th-largest city in Minnesota.

2010 census

As of the census[6] of 2010, there were 60,797 people, 23,930 households, and 16,517 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,873.6 inhabitants per square mile (723.4/km2). There were 25,075 housing units at an average density of 772.7 per square mile (298.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.7% White, 5.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 9.2% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 23,930 households of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the city was 37.6 years. 26.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 30.8% were from 45 to 64; and 8.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 54,901 people, 20,457 households, and 14,579 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,695.1 inhabitants per square mile (654.5/km2). There were 21,026 housing units at an average density of 649.2 per square mile (250.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.7% White, 2.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.8% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 20,457 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 4.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $54,328, and the median income for a family was $105,177. Males had a median income of $59,303 versus $37,196 for females. The per capita income for the city was $38,854. About 2.8% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.9% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.


Eden Prairie is home to more than 2,200 businesses, including many that specialize in logistics/distribution, retail and wholesale trade, health care, industrial equipment, communications, and information technology. The unemployment rate as of 2010 is 5.1%.[10]

Top employers

According to the City's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[28] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Optum 2,984
2 Starkey Hearing Technologies 1,700
3 Eden Prairie School District #272 1,637
4 SuperValu 1,000
5 C. H. Robinson Worldwide 913
6 Optum360, LLC 900
7 Lifetouch 800
7 MTS Systems Corporation 800
8 Eaton 717
9 Abbott Laboratories 617


The 2017 USA Rink Bandy League Cannon Cup Playoffs took place at the Eden Prairie Rinks.[29]


Eden Prairie is located in Minnesota's 3rd congressional district, represented by Dean Phillips, a Democrat. City Council officials include Mayor Nancy Tyra-Lukens and Council Members Brad Aho, Ron Case, Kathy Nelson and Sherry Butcher Wickstrom. The city manager is Rick Getschow.

The city has its own police department.


Public schools

The first school in Eden Prairie was Anderson School, a schoolhouse near a farm. At the time of its construction, it was in the center of the city. The old Eden Prairie Consolidated School, built in 1924, is now the school district Administration Building and is next to Central Middle School.

Eden Prairie currently operates eight K-12 schools, six elementary (K-6) schools, (including one Spanish immersion), one middle school (7-8), and one high school (9-12). Eden Prairie High School is the second largest high school in the state, with approximately 3,300 students, and is near the grounds of Round Lake Park.

The district has a record of success with twelve Eden Prairie High School juniors scoring perfect ACT scores in 2017.[17] Some students attend public schools in other school districts chosen by their families under Minnesota's open enrollment statute.[30]

Charter schools

As of the 2017-2018 school year, Eden Prairie is home to one charter school, the Performing Institute of Minnesota Arts High School.

Private schools

Eden Prairie has one private school, The International School of Minnesota, which offers a private, non-denominational, college preparatory education for students from preschool through grade 12. The school, founded in 1985, features non-selective admissions and year-round open enrollment, daily world language education beginning in preschool, and 19 AP courses at the upper school level. The student body consist of 85% local residents and 15% international students.[31]


There is one technical college campus in Eden Prairie. Hennepin Technical College (whose main campus is in Brooklyn Park, Minnesota) has an enrollment of roughly 7,000 full- and part-time students. The college offers day and night classes.

Notable people

Eden Prairie Veterans Memorial

Eden Prairie raised over $400,000 from the community to build a veterans memorial in 2008. The memorial has two components, service to country and world peace. It was constructed in Purgatory Creek Park near the intersection of Technology Drive and Prairie Center Drive. World-class sculptor Neil Brodin designed and constructed two bronze sculptures. The service-to-country sculpture represents a wounded airman carried over the shoulders of a soldier in the battlefield.

The world-peace sculpture depicts a woman servicemember touching a globe, honoring women who have served. Members of the community were able to purchase a place on the memorial for the names of loved ones who served in any branch of the U.S. service in any war or conflict. Minnesota-based Cold Spring Granite provided Mesabi black granite for the memorial's walls.


  1. ^ Ernie Shuldhiess. "Eden Prairie History". Eden Prairie History. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
  2. ^ self. "Google search on "EP" businesses in "Eden Prairie, MN"". Google. Retrieved 2008-07-11.
  3. ^ "About Eden Prairie". City of Eden Prairie. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-04.
  4. ^ Warren Upham, Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia (Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2001) p227
  5. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  7. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  8. ^ "Eden Prairie". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  9. ^ "Census releases population numbers for Eden Prairie [9] Data Set: 2006 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  10. ^ a b "Economic Snapshot - City of Eden Prairie - Eden Prairie Chamber of Commerce". Epchamber.org. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Twin Cities - LISC Twin Cities" (PDF). Local Initiatives Support Corporation. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  12. ^ "City of Eden Prairie - Home". Edenprairie.org. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Minnesota River Bluffs LRT Regional Trail - Three Rivers Park District". Threeriversparks.org. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Money Best Places to Live 2006". CNNMoney. Cable News Network. 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-01-06. Retrieved 2006-12-31.
  15. ^ "Best Places to Live 2010". CNN. Archived from the original on 2010-11-30.
  16. ^ "Best Places to Live 2016". Time.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  17. ^ a b "11 Eden Prairie High School juniors get perfect ACT scores". Fox9.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d Wittenberg, Marie (2010-01-01). Eden Prairie: A Brief History. The History Press. ISBN 9781596299412.
  19. ^ "Cummins House - The Eden Prairie, Minnesota, Historical Society". The Eden Prairie, Minnesota, Historical Society. The Eden Prairie, Minnesota, Historical Society. 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  20. ^ Cummins, John. "JOHN R. CUMMINS: An Inventory of His Papers at the Minnesota Historical Society". Minnesota Historical Society. Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  21. ^ Upham, Warren (1820). Minnesota Geographic Names. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society. p. 221.
  22. ^ "Collections". archive.org. Retrieved 2016-04-11.
  23. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
  24. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
  25. ^ "2. Eden Prairie, Minn". Time.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  26. ^ "Gated communities haven't taken off in Minnesota". Startribune.com. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  27. ^ "Youth Sports Associations - City of Eden Prairie". Edenprairie.org. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  28. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Year Ended December 31, 2016 City of Eden Prairie, Minnesota", City of Eden Prairie, 2017
  29. ^ "Rink Bandy". USA Bandy.
  30. ^ "Open Enrollment". Minnesota Department of Education. Archived from the original on 26 August 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2010.
  31. ^ SABIS®. "Private Schools in Minneapolis l International School of MN". internationalschoolmn.com. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
  32. ^ "Benjamin HUSABY - Olympic Cross Country Skiing - United States of America". Olympic.org. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  33. ^ "About Charlie Vig". Minneapolis Star Tribune. 2012-08-01. Retrieved 2012-09-18.

External links

Media related to Eden Prairie, Minnesota at Wikimedia Commons

Allison Pottinger

Allison Pottinger (born July 5, 1973) is an American curler from Eden Prairie, Minnesota. She currently plays third for Erika Brown, but is best known as having played for Debbie McCormick in multiple Olympics and World Championships. McCormick left the team in 2010. She competed in the 2010 Winter Olympic Games, in Vancouver, Canada. She was named USA female curling athlete of the year in 2008.

Best Brains

Best Brains, Inc. (first known as Hair Brain Productions) is an entertainment company based in Eden Prairie, Minnesota. It is best known for the creation and production of the comedy/sci-fi television program Mystery Science Theater 3000, a.k.a. MST3K (1988–1999). The company ceased producing the program when it was cancelled by the Sci-Fi Channel (now Syfy) in 1999 and closed its studio. The company then functioned as the holder of the MST3K brand for negotiating home video releases of the show on Shout! Factory and its availability on streaming services like Hulu.

According to Joel Hodgson, the name "Best Brains" came from "...a phrase I found in a magic catalog. It was the old 'Vick Lawston' magic catalog. The copy read something like: 'from some of the Best Brains in the magic business!'"On November 5, 2007, Jim Mallon and Paul Chaplin of Best Brains revived the MST3K brand by launching a new series of Flash-based animated shorts featuring the robots of Mystery Science Theater 3000 on the official website. The series was ended after several months due to cost issues.

On November 10, 2015, Shout! Factory announced it had purchased MST3K and its associated intellectual property from Best Brains for an undisclosed sum. On the same day, MST3K creator Joel Hodgson announced a crowdsourcing campaign to revive the program. The campaign turned out to be one of the most successful in Kickstarter history; a total of over $5.5 million was raised for the campaign, and the series made a return on Netflix with 14 episodes in 2017.

Blake Cashman

Blake Cashman (born May 10, 1996) is an American football linebacker for the New York Jets of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Minnesota and was drafted by the Jets in the fifth round of the 2019 NFL Draft.

C. H. Robinson

C.H. Robinson is an American Fortune 500 provider of multimodal transportation services and third-party logistics (3PL). The company offers freight transportation, transportation management, brokerage and warehousing. It offers truckload, less than truckload, air freight, intermodal, and ocean transportation.

Cambria (company)

Cambria (keɪm-bri-ə) is a producer of engineered quartz surfaces in the United States. It is located in Le Sueur, Minnesota, with additional facilities in Eden Prairie, Minnesota; Atlanta, Georgia; Chicago, Illinois; Dallas, Texas; Denver, Colorado; Houston, Texas; Los Angeles, California; Miami, Florida; Mobile, Alabama; Nashville, Tennessee; New York, New York; Orlando, Florida; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Phoenix, Arizona; San Francisco, California; Savannah, Georgia; Seattle, Washington, and Ontario, Canada. Cambria is privately held and owned by the Davis family.

Casey Mittelstadt

Casey Mittelstadt (born November 22, 1998) is an American professional ice hockey forward who currently plays for the Buffalo Sabres of the National Hockey League (NHL). Mittelstadt was born in Edina, Minnesota, but grew up in Eden Prairie, Minnesota. He was drafted by the Buffalo Sabres 8th overall in the 2017 NHL Entry Draft.

Cub Foods

Cub is a supermarket chain with 77 stores in Minnesota and Illinois. The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of SuperValu Inc., based in Eden Prairie, Minnesota. The store was famous for being "no frills; bag your own groceries...."

Danny Kristo

Daniel Kristo (born June 18, 1990) is an American professional ice hockey forward. He currently plays for the SC Rapperswil-Jona Lakers of the National League (NL).

David Hann

David W. Hann (born April 16, 1952) is a Minnesota politician and a former minority leader of the Minnesota Senate. A Republican, he represented District 48, which consisted of the cities of Eden Prairie and Minnetonka, from 2003-2017.

Eden Prairie Center

The Eden Prairie Center is a mall located in Eden Prairie, Minnesota. It has been owned by Cypress Equities since October 2013. It is anchored by JCPenney, Kohl's, Target Corporation, and Von Maur.

Eden Prairie High School

Eden Prairie Senior High School (EPHS) is a four-year public high school in Eden Prairie, Minnesota established in 1923. The present high school opened in 1981 and was significantly added to in 1990, 1994 and 1997. It was named a Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 1996 by the United States Department of Education. Eden Prairie High School is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools and the Minnesota Department of Education.


Evine is a multi-channel video retailer and American cable, satellite and broadcast television network. Owned by Evine Live Inc., the channel is headquartered in Eden Prairie, Minnesota. The home shopping channel's main competitors are HSN (Home Shopping Network) and QVC.

Jay Foreman (American football)

Jamal Antoine Foreman (born February 18, 1976) is a former American football linebacker in the National Football League with the Buffalo Bills, the Houston Texans, and the New York Giants. He played college football at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and was drafted in the fifth round of the 1999 NFL Draft.

After retiring, he started a business called Foreman Fitness. He is the son of Chuck Foreman.

Kenny Stills

Kenneth Lee Stills Jr. (born April 22, 1992) is an American football wide receiver for the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Oklahoma. He was drafted by the New Orleans Saints in the fifth round of the 2013 NFL Draft.

Leith Anderson

Leith Anderson (born 1944) is the President of the National Association of Evangelicals. He served as senior pastor of Wooddale Church in Eden Prairie, Minnesota, from 1977 to 2011.

Rachel Bootsma

Rachel Kristine Bootsma (born December 15, 1993) is an American competition swimmer who specializes in the backstroke, and is an Olympic gold medalist. Bootsma earned a gold medal as a member of the winning U.S. team in the 4×100-meter medley relay at the 2012 Summer Olympics, and also competed in the 100-meter backstroke.

Ryan Connelly

Ryan Connelly is an American football linebacker for the New York Giants of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Wisconsin.


Stratasys, Ltd. is an Israeli manufacturer of 3D printers and 3D production systems for office-based rapid prototyping and direct digital manufacturing solutions. Engineers use Stratasys systems to model complex geometries in a wide range of thermoplastic materials, including: ABS, polyphenylsulfone (PPSF), polycarbonate (PC) and ULTEM 9085 and Nylon 12.

Stratasys manufactures in-office prototyping and direct digital manufacturing systems for automotive, aerospace, industrial, recreational, electronic, medical and consumer product OEMs.

Sunflower Market

This article is about the closed Grocery chain Sunflower Market. For the grocery chain headquartered in Boulder, Colorado see Sunflower Farmers Market.Sunflower Market was a grocery store chain with five stores in the Midwestern United States. The company was a wholly owned subsidiary of Eden Prairie, Minnesota-based SuperValu. Sunflower Market which operated five stores planned to open fifty stores in five years. Stores were located in the Chicago area (1), Indianapolis (1), and Columbus, Ohio (3).

In late January, 2008, SuperValu announced that it would close all five Sunflower Market stores.All 5 stores are closed as of February 2008.

Municipalities and communities of Hennepin County, Minnesota, United States
Largest cities
pop. over 25,000

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.