Eddie Plank

Edward Stewart Plank (August 31, 1875 – February 24, 1926), nicknamed "Gettysburg Eddie", was an American professional baseball player. A pitcher, Plank played in Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Athletics from 1901 through 1914, the St. Louis Terriers in 1915, and the St. Louis Browns in 1916 and 1917.

Plank was the first left-handed pitcher to win 200 games and then 300 games, and now ranks third in all-time wins among left-handers with 326 career victories (eleventh all time) and first all-time in career shutouts by a left-handed pitcher with 66. Philadelphia went to the World Series five times while Plank played there, but he sat out the 1910 World Series due to an injury. Plank had only a 1.32 earned run average (ERA) in his World Series career, but he was unlucky, with a 2–5 win–loss record in those games.

Plank died of a stroke in 1926. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946.

Eddie Plank
Eddie Plank Baseball
Pitcher
Born: August 31, 1875
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Died: February 24, 1926 (aged 50)
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
May 31, 1901, for the Philadelphia Athletics
Last MLB appearance
August 6, 1917, for the St. Louis Browns
MLB statistics
Win–loss record326–194
Earned run average2.35
Strikeouts2,246
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1946
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Early life

Plank grew up on a farm near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. He was the fourth of seven children[1] born to Martha McCreary and David Plank. His father was a school director and tax collector in Gettysburg.[2] Plank did not play baseball until Frank Foreman, the pitching coach at Gettysburg College, asked him to try out for the school's baseball team.[1][3] History books often erroneously state that Plank graduated from Gettysburg College. He attended Gettysburg Academy, a prep school affiliated with the college. However, he played for the college's team without ever being enrolled there.[4]

Career

Plank signed with the Richmond Colts of the Virginia League, a minor league. The league folded before Plank could pitch for the Colts. Foreman recommended Plank to Connie Mack, the manager of the Philadelphia Athletics, and Mack signed Plank to a contract.[1]

Eddie Plank circa 1911
Plank, circa 1911

Plank made his major league debut for the Athletics on May 13, 1901. As a rookie, Plank pitched to a 17-13 win–loss record with a 3.31 earned run average (ERA) and 28 complete games in 32 games started. He won 20 games for the first time in his career in 1902, as the Athletics won the American League (AL) pennant. He won 23 games in 1903 while leading the AL in games started.[1] In 1905, Plank made his first trip to the World Series. He faced Christy Mathewson in the first game and Joe McGinnity in the fourth game. Though Plank gave up only three runs in 17 innings during the series, the Athletics lost to the New York Giants in five games and did not score an earned run in the entire series.[5] The Athletics returned to the World Series in 1910, but Plank was forced to sit out with a sore arm.[6]

By 1911, Plank was the last member of the Athletics remaining from the 1901 team.[7] The 1911 team made the World Series and faced the Giants again. After Plank won Game Two and lost in a relief appearance in Game Five, the Athletics won the series in six games.[8] In 1913, the Athletics and Giants met again in the World Series, and Plank faced Mathewson in Games Two and Five. Mathewson hit a tenth-inning single off of Plank to set up a Giants victory in Game Two, but Plank and the Athletics bested Mathewson 3–1 in the fifth and deciding game of the series.[9] In 1914, Plank's final year with Philadelphia, he went to the World Series again. Plank pitched a complete game in Game Two, but he lost 1-0 and the Boston Braves won the series in four games.[10]

During his tenure in Philadelphia, Plank was one of the most consistent pitchers in the game, winning over 20 games seven times.[11] In the four World Series in which he played, Plank earned a 1.32 ERA but only a 2–5 win-loss record. He pitched complete games in all six of his World Series starts.[12]

In November 1914, it was rumored that Plank would be sold to the New York Highlanders.[13] In December, Plank signed a contract to play in the Federal League. Mack expressed no regret at Plank's departure, saying, "I wish him the best of luck... I was through with him. He was after the money. He was a wonderful pitcher and he is a good one yet."[14] He played for the outlaw league's St. Louis Terriers and won 21 games, the eighth and final time he reached the 20-win plateau. Some baseball reference works decline to acknowledge the Federal League as a major league, and therefore give Plank credit for only seven 20-win seasons and 305 total wins.

When the Federal League folded, Plank applied for free agency but was declared to belong to the St. Louis Browns for 1916. In September of that year, Plank predicted that he might be able to pitch ten more seasons, saying, "I don't know whether it is that I have more on the ball this season than I had in other years, but at any rate I feel that I have just as much stuff as I ever did."[15] However, by June 1917 newspapers reported that Plank's career was nearly over; he had struggled with arm problems and had left the team at one point due to a nervous breakdown.[16] He retired in October 1917, citing stomach difficulties brought on by the stress of baseball.[17] His final game was a 1–0 11-inning complete game loss to Walter Johnson and the Washington Senators on August 6, 1917. Despite his announcement, the New York Yankees traded pitchers Urban Shocker and Nick Cullop, infielders Fritz Maisel and Joe Gedeon, catcher Les Nunamaker, and cash to the Browns for Plank and Del Pratt. Plank refused to report to New York, insisting he was retired.[1]

Over his career, Plank amassed a 326–194 record, a 2.35 ERA, and 2,246 strikeouts. He won 305 games in the American League (AL), making him that league's winningest left-handed pitcher. In addition, he was the winningest pitcher (left or right-handed) in the AL until 1921, when he was surpassed by Walter Johnson. Plank was known as a finesse pitcher with a good sidearm sweeping curveball. He was also known for his long pauses on the mound, which some claimed lengthened the duration of the games in which he pitched.

Plank was also a good hitting pitcher in his career, compiling a .206 batting average (331-for-1607) with 130 runs scored, 3 home runs, and 122 RBI. He recorded a career .971 fielding percentage, which was 28 points over the league average for AL pitchers from 1901 to 1917.

Personal life

Plank married Anna (née Myers) in 1915. They had a son, named Edward Stewart Plank Jr.[1] Plank's brother Ira was the baseball coach at Gettysburg College for more than twenty years.[18]

Later life

After his 1917 retirement, Plank went into the garage business in Gettysburg. He pitched the 1918 season for the Steelton club of the Bethlehem Steel League, an industrial baseball league. Steelton was only 40 miles from his home and the arrangement allowed him to manage his business during the week.[19] He died on February 24, 1926, several days after suffering a stroke.[20] Plank is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Gettysburg.[4]

Upon hearing of Plank's death, Connie Mack said that he felt like a father who had just lost a son. "Eddie Plank was one of the smartest left-hand pitchers it has been my pleasure to have on my club. He was short and light, as pitchers go, but he made up for the physical defects, if such they were, by his study of the game and his smartness when he was on the pitching peak", he said.[21] Former teammate Jack Coombs said, "I have always been thankful that I was thrown into such intimate contact with so inspiring a man in the days when the majority of ballplayers were of a much lower type than at the present time."[22]

Legacy

Eddie Plank
LocationIntersection of Carlisle St. & West Lincoln Ave., Gettysburg
Coordinates39°50′11″N 77°13′53″W / 39.83635°N 77.23134°W
PHMC dedicatedAugust 31, 2000[23]

In 1943, former teammate Eddie Collins remembered Plank as the greatest pitcher in baseball. "Not the fastest. Not the trickiest, and not the possessor of the most stuff, but just the greatest", Collins said.[3] He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946 and voted into the Pennsylvania Sports Hall of Fame in 1972.[25]

Gettysburg College began planning for the Eddie Plank Memorial Gymnasium at the college shortly after Plank's death.[26] The gym was completed in 1927 and indoor sports such as basketball and wrestling were played there until 1962.[27] A restaurant in downtown Gettysburg honors Plank's career.[28] A portion of Plank's childhood farm is a housing development known as Plank's Field.[4] Plank is mentioned in the poem "Line-Up for Yesterday" by Ogden Nash.

In 2006, a T206 tobacco card featuring Plank was described as the "second most valuable card in existence."[29] It was owned by Arizona Diamondbacks owner Ken Kendrick and was part of a collection that Kendrick loaned to the Baseball Hall of Fame for display there. The most valuable baseball card in existence, a T206 Honus Wagner card, is in the same collection.[29]

The first full-length biography of Eddie Plank entitled Gettysburg Eddie: The Story of Eddie Plank by Lawrence Knorr was published in 2018 by Sunbury Press.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Eddie Plank | SABR
  2. ^ "Eddie Plank's Father is Dead". New Oxford Item. June 19, 1930. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Grayson, Harry (October 14, 1943). "Farmer Eddie Plank Ranks Among Great Lefthanded Pitchers". Evening Independent. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c Kuttler, Hillel (June 29, 2013). "Eddie Plank: A Favorite Son of Gettysburg". The New York Times. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  5. ^ "1905 World Series". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  6. ^ "1910 World Series". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  7. ^ "But One Original Athletic is Left". Pittsburgh Press. December 16, 1911. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  8. ^ "1911 World Series". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  9. ^ "1913 World Series". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  10. ^ "1914 World Series". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  11. ^ "Eddie Plank Pitching". Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  12. ^ "Eddie Plank World Series Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  13. ^ "Eddie Plank Will Be Sold to Highlanders". Milwaukee Sentinel. November 13, 1914. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  14. ^ "Eddie Plank Takes Leap; Goes to St. Louis Feds". The Milwaukee Sentinel. December 3, 1914. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  15. ^ "Eddie Plank May Last Many More Seasons". Pittsburgh Press. September 3, 1916. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  16. ^ Veiock, Jack (June 23, 1917). "Eddie Plank About Through in the Majors". Pittsburgh Press. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  17. ^ "Eddie Plank Quits the Box After 17 Years in Major League". Milwaukee Journal. October 13, 1917. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  18. ^ "Eddie Plank's Brother 24 Years at Gettysburg". Milwaukee Journal. June 27, 1936. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  19. ^ McKenna, Brian. "Bethlehem Steel League". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  20. ^ "Eddie Plank Succumbs to Paralysis; Stricken Sunday While Sleeping". Evening Independent. February 25, 1926. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  21. ^ Duttera, Sharon (July 14, 1986). "Eddie Plank's Death Stunned Connie Mack". The Gettysburg Times. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  22. ^ "Jack Coombs Mourns Inspiring Associate in Death of Eddie Plank". The Daily Princetonian. February 26, 1926. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  23. ^ "Eddie Plank". PHMC Historical Markers. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  24. ^ "Baseball Almanac". Retrieved 2008-01-23.
  25. ^ "Eddie Plank, Henry Bream Selected for Pennsylvania Hall of Fame Induction". The Gettysburg Times. September 6, 1972. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  26. ^ "The Eddie Plank Memorial Gymnasium". The Gettysburg Times. June 21, 1926. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  27. ^ "Eddie Plank Gymnasium is Ending Reign". The Gettysburg Times. January 26, 1962. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  28. ^ "Eddie Plank". Gettysburg Eddie's. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  29. ^ a b Harris, Craig. "Arizona Diamondbacks owner Ken Kendrick reveals $2.8 million secret Honus Wagner card". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved September 6, 2013.

External links

1901 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1901 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing 4th in the American League with a record of 74 wins and 62 losses. The franchise that would become the modern Athletics originated in 1901 as a new franchise in the American League.

1905 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1905 Philadelphia Athletics season was a season in American baseball. The team finished first in the American League with a record of 92 wins and 56 losses, winning their first pennant. They went on to face the New York Giants in the 1905 World Series, losing 4 games to 1.

The pitching staff featured three future Hall of Famers: Rube Waddell, Eddie Plank, and Chief Bender. Waddell easily won the pitching triple crown in 1905, with 27 wins, 287 strikeouts, and a 1.48 earned run average.

1905 World Series

The 1905 World Series matched the National League (NL) champion New York Giants against the American League (AL) champion Philadelphia Athletics, with the Giants winning four games to one. Four of the five games featured duels between future Hall of Fame pitchers.

Each of the five games was a shutout. Three of those, over a six-day span, were pitched and won by Christy Mathewson.

1910 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1910 Philadelphia Athletics season was a season in American baseball. The team finished first in the American League with a record of 102 wins and 48 losses, winning the pennant by 14½ games over the New York Highlanders. The A's then defeated the Chicago Cubs in the 1910 World Series 4 games to 1.

1911 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1911 Philadelphia Athletics season was a season in American baseball. The A's finished first in the American League with a record of 101 wins and 50 losses, then went on to defeat the New York Giants in the 1911 World Series, four games to two, for their second straight World Championship.

Starting in 1911, the team was known for its "$100,000 infield", consisting of John "Stuffy" McInnis (first base), Eddie Collins (second base), Jack Barry (shortstop), and Frank "Home Run" Baker (third base) as well as pitchers Eddie Plank and Charles "Chief" Bender.

1913 World Series

In the 1913 World Series, the Philadelphia Athletics beat the New York Giants four games to one.

The A's pitching gave the edge to a closer-than-it-looked Series in 1913. Christy Mathewson lost his Series swan song in the final game to an old college rival and eventual fellow Baseball Hall of Fame member, Eddie Plank.

The Giants thus became the first National League team since the Chicago Cubs (1906–1908) to win three consecutive pennants. They were also the second club (following the Detroit Tigers 1907–1909) to lose three consecutive World Series; and remain the last to do so.

The Series itself was a face-off between two teams that later became crosstown rivals in Oakland and San Francisco. The Oakland A's won again in a four-game sweep in the 1989 World Series, famous for the earthquake that struck before Game 3, which is the last World Series victory for the A's.

1914 World Series

In the 1914 World Series, the Boston Braves beat the Philadelphia Athletics in a four-game series.

The "Miracle Braves" were in last place on July 4, then won the National League pennant by ​10 1⁄2 games. The Braves' relatively unknown starting trio of pitchers, with a combined career record of 285–245, outperformed the Athletics vaunted rotation (929–654) in all four games. Hank Gowdy hit .545 (6 of 11) with five extra-base hits and also drew five walks for Boston in the series and was the difference maker in Games 1 and 3.

Adding to their supposed disadvantages, the Braves arguably lacked a notable home-field advantage. They had abandoned their 43-year-old home field South End Grounds in August 1914, choosing to rent from the Boston Red Sox at Fenway Park while awaiting construction of Braves Field (1915). Thus their home games in this Series were also at Fenway.

This was the first four-game sweep in World Series history. The Cubs had defeated the Tigers four games to none in 1907, but Game 1 had ended in a tie before the Cubs won the next four in a row.

At least one publication, To Every Thing A Season by Bruce Kuklick, has suggested other factors that might have contributed to the sweep, noting that some of the A's may have been irritated at the penny-pinching ways of their manager/owner Connie Mack and thus did not play hard, and also noting the heavy wagering against Philadelphia placed by entertainer George M. Cohan through bookmaker Sport Sullivan, who was also implicated in the 1919 Black Sox scandal. Chief Bender and Eddie Plank jumped to the rival Federal League for the 1915 season. Mack unloaded most of his other high-priced stars soon after and, within two years, the A's achieved the worst winning percentage in modern history (even worse than the 1962 New York Mets or the 2003 Detroit Tigers).

1917 St. Louis Browns season

The 1917 St. Louis Browns season involved the Browns finishing seventh in the American League with a record of 57 wins and 97 losses.

1946 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1946 were conducted by methods refashioned and then fashioned again during the year. As in 1945 the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent players and elected no one. Also as in 1945 the Old Timers Committee responded by electing the biggest class yet, then ten and now eleven people: Jesse Burkett, Frank Chance, Jack Chesbro, Johnny Evers, Clark Griffith, Tommy McCarthy, Joe McGinnity, Eddie Plank, Joe Tinker, Rube Waddell, and Ed Walsh.

Most of those "old timers" were star players from the 1900s and 1910s rather than the 19th century. Afterward the jurisdiction of the BBWAA was formally reduced to cover only players who retired during the last 25 years; in 1947 those would be players active in 1922 and later. Perhaps the relatively narrow scope would help the writers concentrate their votes on a few candidates. To make certain, the rules for 1947 provided a runoff in case of no winner on the first ballot. On Dec. 3, the BBWAA also limited voting to writers who had been members for at least ten years.

The eleven old timers were selected in the summer of 1946 and inducted as part of the 1947 ceremonies. Among them, Ed Walsh alone was present.

300 win club

In Major League Baseball, the 300 win club is the group of pitchers who have won 300 or more games. Twenty-four pitchers have reached this milestone. The New York Gothams/Giants/San Francisco Giants are the only franchise to see three players reach the milestone while on their roster: those players are Mickey Welch, Christy Mathewson, and Randy Johnson. Early in the history of professional baseball, many of the rules favored the pitcher over the batter; the distance pitchers threw to home plate was shorter than today, and pitchers were able to use foreign substances to alter the direction of the ball. The first player to win 300 games was Pud Galvin in 1888. Seven pitchers recorded all or the majority of their career wins in the 19th century: Galvin, Cy Young, Kid Nichols, Tim Keefe, John Clarkson, Charley Radbourn, and Mickey Welch. Four more pitchers joined the club in the first quarter of the 20th century: Christy Mathewson, Walter Johnson, Eddie Plank, and Grover Cleveland Alexander. Young is the all-time leader in wins with 511, a mark that is considered unbreakable. If a modern-day pitcher won 20 games per season for 25 seasons, he would still be 11 games short of Young's mark.

Only three pitchers, Lefty Grove, Warren Spahn, and Early Wynn, joined the 300 win club between 1924 and 1982, which may be explained by a number of factors: the abolition of the spitball, World War II military service, such as Bob Feller's, and the growing importance of the home run in the game. As the home run became commonplace, the physical and mental demands on pitchers dramatically increased, which led to the use of a four-man starting rotation. Between 1982 and 1990, the 300 win club gained six members: Gaylord Perry, Phil Niekro, Steve Carlton, Nolan Ryan, Don Sutton and Tom Seaver. These pitchers benefited from the increased use of specialized relief pitchers, an expanded strike zone, and new stadiums, including Shea Stadium, Dodger Stadium and the Astrodome, that were pitcher's parks, which suppressed offensive production. Also, the increasing sophistication of training methods and sports medicine, such as Tommy John surgery, allowed players to maintain a high competitive level for a longer time. Randy Johnson, for example, won more games in his 40s than he did in his 20s.Since 1990, only four pitchers have joined the 300 win club: Roger Clemens, Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, and Johnson. Changes in the game in the last decade of the 20th century have made attaining 300 career wins difficult, perhaps more so than during the mid 20th century. The four-man starting rotation has given way to a five-man rotation, which gives starting pitchers fewer chances to pick up wins. No pitcher reached 20 wins in a non strike-shortened year for the first time in 2006; this was repeated in 2009 and 2017.Recording 300 career wins has been seen as a guaranteed admission to the Baseball Hall of Fame. All pitchers with 300 wins have been elected to the Hall of Fame except for Clemens, who received only half of the vote total needed for induction in his first appearance on the Hall of Fame ballot in 2013 and lost votes from that total in 2014. Clemens' future election is seen as uncertain because of his alleged links to use of performance-enhancing drugs. To be eligible for the Hall of Fame, a player must have "been retired five seasons" or deceased for at least six months, Many observers expect the club to gain few, if any, members in the foreseeable future. Ten members of the 300 win club are also members of the 3,000 strikeout club.

Complete game

In baseball, a complete game (denoted by CG) is the act of a pitcher pitching an entire game without the benefit of a relief pitcher. A pitcher who meets this criterion will be credited with a complete game regardless of the number of innings played - pitchers who throw an entire official game that is shortened by rain will still be credited with a complete game, while starting pitchers who are relieved in extra innings after throwing nine or more innings will not be credited with a complete game. A starting pitcher who is replaced by a pinch hitter in the final half inning of a game will still be credited with a complete game.

The frequency of complete games has evolved since the early days of baseball. The complete game was essentially an expectation in the early 20th century and pitchers completed almost all of the games they started. In modern baseball, the feat is much more rare and no pitcher has reached 30 complete games in a season since 1975; in the 21st century, a pitcher has thrown 10 or more complete games in a season only twice.

Earl Moseley

Earl Victor Moseley (September 7, 1887 – July 1, 1963) was a pitcher who played for the Boston Red Sox (1913), Indianapolis Hoosiers / Newark Pepper (1914–1915) and Cincinnati Reds (1916). Moseley batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Middleburg Heights, Ohio.

Moseley made his majors debut in 1913 with the Boston Red Sox and went 8–5. The next year, he jumped to the Federal League and won 19 and 15 in two seasons for the Indianapolis/Newark franchises, leading the league with a 1.91 earned run average in 1915 over Eddie Plank (2.08) and Mordecai Brown (2.09). Bothered by arm problems, he played his final season with the Cincinnati Reds in 1916.

In a four-season career, Moseley posted a 49–48 record with a 3.01 ERA and 469 strikeouts in 855-2/3 innings pitched. Moseley died in Alliance, Ohio, at the age of 75.

Frank Foreman

Francis Isaiah "Monkey" Foreman (May 1, 1863 – November 19, 1957) was a starting pitcher who played in Major League Baseball between 1884 and 1902. Listed at 6 ft 0 in (1.83 m), 195 lb., Foreman batted and threw left-handed. He was born in Baltimore, Maryland. His younger brother, Brownie Foreman, also was a major league pitcher.

A well-traveled fastball pitcher, Foreman played for 11 different clubs in five different leagues. He entered the majors in 1884 in the short-lived Union Association, dividing his playing time between the Chicago Browns/Pittsburgh Stogies and Kansas City Cowboys before jumping to the American Association with the Baltimore Orioles (1885, 1889). He played later for the Cincinnati Reds of the National League (1890), Washington Statesmen (AA, 1891), Washington Senators (NL, 1892), Baltimore Orioles (NL, 1892), New York Giants (NL, 1893), Cincinnati Reds (NL, 1895–1896), Boston Americans (American League, 1901) and Baltimore Orioles (AL, 1901–1902).

Foreman enjoyed three solid years from 1889 to 1891, averaging 18 wins and 319 innings pitched per season, with career-highs 23 wins and 414 innings in 1889. In an eleven-season career, he posted a 96–93 record with 586 strikeouts and a 3.97 ERA in 169 appearances, including 205 starts, 169 complete games, seven shutouts, 169 games finished, four saves, and 1721⅔ innings of work.

Following his playing career, Foreman scouted for various teams. According to baseball sources, he discovered future Hall of Famer Eddie Plank while pitching at Gettysburg College.

Foreman died in his home of Baltimore, Maryland at age 94.

As of 2007, he ranks 23rd among major league pitchers with 142 batters hit-by-pitches.

Jack Flater

John William Flater (September 22, 1883 – March 20, 1970) was a Major League Baseball pitcher for the Philadelphia Athletics just at the end of the 1908 season (September 18 – October 3). The 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m), 175 lb. right-hander was a native of Sandymount, Maryland.

Flater pitched in five games for the Athletics. He hurled complete games in all three of his starting assignments, and he finished two other games in relief. He pitched much better than his 1–3 record would indicate. In 39.1 innings he allowed only 49 baserunners (35 hits, 12 walks, and 2 hit batsmen), and just 9 of the 15 runs that scored against him were earned runs. His ERA was an excellent 2.06. He was pitching for a team, however, that won 68 games, lost 85, and made 272 errors, including 3 by Flater himself. The games he lost were by scores of 2–1, 3–2, and 5–4.

Four of his famous teammates on the Athletics were future Hall of Famers Chief Bender, Eddie Collins, Jimmy Collins, and Eddie Plank.

Flater died at the age of 87 in Westminster, Maryland, and is buried in nearby Sandymount, Maryland.

List of Oakland Athletics team records

The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Oakland, California. The Athletics formed in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics; after moving to Kansas City for 12 years, the Athletics relocated to Oakland in 1969. Through 2014, the Athletics have played 17,757 games, winning 8,622, losing 9,048, and tying 87, for a winning percentage of approximately .488. This list documents the superlative records and accomplishments of team members during their tenures as Athletics.

Eddie Plank holds the most franchise records as of the end of the 2014 season, with ten, including the most career wins, losses and hit batsmen. He is followed by Jimmie Foxx, who holds nine records, including the best career on-base percentage and the single-season home runs record, as well as Al Simmons, who holds the single season hit and RBI records.Four Athletics hold Major League records. Offensively, Rickey Henderson holds the single-season modern day steals record, recording 130 over 149 games played during the 1982 season. Frankie Hayes is tied for the single-game doubles record, recording four in a game on July 25, 1936. Eddie Collins stole six bases twice in September 1912; his mark would later be tied by Otis Nixon, Eric Young and Carl Crawford. Defensively, Bruno Haas, who spent his only professional season with the Athletics, holds the single game walks allowed record, pitching 16 in his Major League debut.

List of Philadelphia and Kansas City Athletics Opening Day starting pitchers

The Athletics are a Major League Baseball team that was originally based in Philadelphia. They moved to Kansas City, Missouri in 1956 before moving to their current home, Oakland, California in 1968. They have always played in the American League. During the 20th century until their move to Kansas City, they played their home games primarily at two home ball parks – Columbia Park until 1908, and Shibe Park (renamed Connie Mack Stadium in 1953) from 1909 through 1967. Their home ball park in Kansas City was Municipal Stadium. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day.The Athletics played their first game on April 26, 1901 at Columbia Park. Chick Fraser was the Opening Day starter for that game, which the Athletics lost to the Washington Senators by a score of 5–1. The Athletics used 45 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 67 seasons to moving to Oakland. The Athletics won 32 of those games against 35 losses in those Opening Day starts.Lefty Grove and Alex Kellner had the most Opening Day starts for the Philadelphia and Kansas City Athletics with four. Grove made four Opening Day starts for the Philadelphia Athletics in 1925, 1927, 1928 and 1930. Kellner made two Opening Day starts for the Philadelphia Athletics in 1952 and 1953, and two Opening Day starts for the Kansas City Athletics in 1955 and 1956. Eddie Plank (1904, 1909, 1910), Chief Bender (1905, 1906, 1911), Jack Coombs (1907, 1912, 1913), Scott Perry (1919–1921) and Phil Marchildon (1942, 1947, 1948) each made three Opening Day starts for the Philadelphia and Kansas City Athletics. The other pitchers who made multiple Opening Day starts for the Philadelphia and Kansas City Athletics are Bullet Joe Bush, Sugar Cain, Chubby Dean, Lum Harris, Slim Harriss and Bobby Shantz. Catfish Hunter made one Opening Day start for the Kansas City Athletics, but later made three Opening Day starts for the Oakland Athletics, giving him a total of four for the franchise.In the ten years from 1904 through 1913 the Athletics used four different Opening Day starting pitchers. Plank, Bender and Coombs each made three Opening Day starts during that span. The other Opening Day start during that span was made by Nick Carter in 1908. Carter made that start despite never having pitched in Major League Baseball prior to 1908 and, as it turned out, 1908 was Carter's only year in the Major Leagues.When the Athletics moved to Kansas City in 1955, Alex Kellner was the Opening Day starting pitcher. The Athletics won the game by a score of 6–2 over the Detroit Tigers. Kellner was the Opening Day starter for the Athletics again in 1956. However, in the 12 seasons from 1956 through their last season in Kansas City, 1967, the Athletics used a different Opening Day starting pitcher every season.

The Philadelphia Athletics were the American League champions nine times—1902, 1905, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1914 and 1929 through 1931. They won the World Series five times, in 1910, 1911, 1913, 1929 and 1930 (no World Series was played in 1902). In the seasons in which the Athletics won the World Series, their Opening Day starting pitchers were Plank (1910), Bender (1911), Coombs (1913), Carroll Yerkes (1929) and Grove (1930). The Athletics lost their Opening Day game in 1910 and 1911, but won in 1913, 1929 and 1930. The Kansas City Athletics never won and American League or World Series championship.

Oakland Athletics award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Oakland Athletics professional baseball franchise.

The team was first known as the Philadelphia Athletics from 1901 to 1954 and then as the Kansas City Athletics from 1955 to 1967.

St. Louis Terriers

The St. Louis Terriers were a baseball club that played in the short-lived Federal League in 1914 and 1915. They played their home games at Handlan's Park. The St. Louis Chapter of SABR placed a marker at the site of Handlan's Park, now on the campus of Saint Louis University, on October 17, 2007. The team was owned by ice magnate Phil Ball, who later was owner of the St. Louis Browns.

In their inaugural season, the Terriers posted a 62-89 record (.411) and finished in last place, 25 games behind the league champion Indianapolis Hoosiers. The team improved significantly the next year as they were pennant contenders until the last game of the season. The Terriers had an 87-67 mark (.565), ending up in second place 1/10 of a percentage point behind the champion Chicago Whales, who finished 86-66 (.566).

Wilbur Cooper

Arley Wilbur Cooper (February 24, 1892 – August 7, 1973) was an American starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played most of his career for the Pittsburgh Pirates. A four-time winner of 20 games in the early 1920s, he was the first National League left-hander to win 200 games. He established NL records for left-handers – second only to Eddie Plank among all southpaws – for career wins (216), innings pitched (3466⅓) and games started (405); all were broken within several years by Eppa Rixey. His career earned run average of 2.89 is also the lowest of any left-hander with at least 3000 innings in the NL. He still holds the Pirates franchise records for career victories (202) and complete games (263); he also set club records, since broken, for innings (3201), strikeouts (1191), and games pitched (469).

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