Edwin David Joost (June 5, 1916 – April 12, 2011) was an American professional baseball player and manager. He played as a shortstop in Major League Baseball for all or portions of 17 seasons between 1936 and 1955. In 1954, Joost became the third and last manager in the 54-year history of the Philadelphia Athletics. Under Joost, the A's finished last in the American League and lost over 100 games. After that season, they relocated to Kansas City.
An outstanding defensive player, the right-handed-hitting Joost hit for power but struck out at a higher rate for his era. In a 17-year major league playing career (1936–37; 1939–43; 1945; 1947–55) for the Cincinnati Reds, Boston Braves, Athletics and Boston Red Sox, Joost smashed 134 home runs, with a batting average of .239.
Joost in 1954
|Shortstop / Manager|
|Born: June 5, 1916|
San Francisco, California
|Died: April 12, 2011 (aged 94)|
Fair Oaks, California
|September 11, 1936, for the Cincinnati Reds|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 25, 1955, for the Boston Red Sox|
|Runs batted in||601|
|Career highlights and awards|
His somewhat high strikeout rate notwithstanding, Joost was a central figure in the brief revival of the Athletics in the late 1940s. For three seasons — 1947 through 1949 — the A's, after over a decade of futility, played over .500 baseball. Joost was their regular shortstop and one of the team's leaders. He twice hit over 20 home runs, and batted .289 in 1951.
Joost was an integral part of an Athletics' infield that registered the still-unmatched feat of turning more than 200 double plays in three consecutive seasons, between 1949–51. The Athletics' 1949 season mark of 217 double plays remains the all-time best in Major League history. One factor contributing to Joost's performance with the A's was his decision to wear eyeglasses on the field, which he had avoided earlier in his career because of the negative stereotype of athletes with eyewear at the time. After speaking with A's manager Connie Mack, Joost began to wear his glasses while playing — and improved his hitting.
Despite his low lifetime batting average, Joost had excellent patience at the plate, resulting in six straight seasons of 100 walks or more, and a career on-base percentage of .361. In 1949, he had an OBP of .429, hitting 23 home runs, scoring 128 runs and walking 149 times.
But the Athletics' resurgence after World War II was brief. Beset by limited finances and a virtually nonexistent farm system, the Mackmen could not compete with the Yankees, Indians and Red Sox. Mack, the team's Hall of Fame patriarch and manager, retired at age 87 after a disastrous 1950 campaign in which the A's finished dead last in the majors with a 52-102 record. Veteran Jimmie Dykes took the helm from 1951–53, and — thanks to the American League MVP, pitcher Bobby Shantz — sparked one last revival in 1952. But the A's fell to seventh in 1953, prompting Dykes' departure. To save money on paying a separate salary for a manager, Joost, who had appeared in only 51 games in 1953, became player-manager in 1954. He batted .362 in 47 at bats, but the team went 51–103 (.331) and Joost was fired after the season ended.
Joost continued his playing career as a utility infielder for the Red Sox in 1955, and in 1956 briefly managed the Pacific Coast League's San Francisco Seals, then the top BoSox farm club, in his hometown before leaving the game. He held the Athletics record by a shortstop for most home runs during a single season, and in a career before Miguel Tejada broke them in 2002.
When the Oakland Athletics played the Philadelphia Phillies for the first time in interleague play in June 2003 at Veterans Stadium, the Phillies invited former-Philadelphia A's Joost and Gus Zernial to the games. When the Phillies played the Athletics in Oakland in June 2005, the A's invited Joost to throw out the first pitch before the series opening game on June 17, 2005.
Joost was the last living member of the Reds team that won the 1940 World Series. At the time of his death, no living player had played on an earlier World Series-winning team.
| San Francisco Seals manager
The 1939 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished first in the National League, winning the pennant by 4½ games over the St. Louis Cardinals with a record of 97–57. The team went on to the 1939 World Series, which it lost in four straight games to the New York Yankees.1940 Cincinnati Reds season
The 1940 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball that represented the Cincinnati Reds. Cincinnati entered the season as the reigning National League champions, having been swept by the New York Yankees in the World Series. Cincinnati won 100 games for the first time in franchise history. The team went 100-53 during the season, best in MLB. The team finished first in the National League with a record of 100–53, winning the pennant by 12 games over the Brooklyn Dodgers. They went on to face the Detroit Tigers in the 1940 World Series, beating them in seven games. This was their first championship since 1919.1942 Cincinnati Reds season
The 1942 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fourth in the National League with a record of 76–76, 29 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals.1945 Boston Braves season
The 1945 Boston Braves season was the 75th season of the franchise.1947 Philadelphia Athletics season
The 1947 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing fifth in the American League with a record of 78 wins and 76 losses.
Except for a fifth-place finish in 1944, the A's finished in last or next-to-last place every year from 1935–1946. In 1947, Connie Mack not only got the A's out of last place, but actually finished with a winning record for the first time in 14 years.1948 Philadelphia Athletics season
The 1948 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing 4th in the American League with a record of 84 wins and 70 losses.1949 Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The 1949 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 16th annual midseason exhibition game for Major League Baseball all-stars between the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The AL continued its early dominance of the Midsummer Classic with an 11–7 win at Ebbets Field, home field of the NL's Brooklyn Dodgers. The win moved the AL's all-time record in the game to 12–4.
The 1949 All-Star Game was the first to have African-Americans in the line-up. Jackie Robinson of the Dodgers started for the NL at second base, while his teammates catcher Roy Campanella and pitcher Don Newcombe also played for the NL. Cleveland Indians' outfielder Larry Doby played the final four innings of the game for the AL.1950 Philadelphia Athletics season
The 1950 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing 8th in the American League with a record of 52 wins and 102 losses. It would be 88-year-old Connie Mack's 50th and last as A's manager, a North American professional sports record. During that year the team wore uniforms trimmed in blue and gold, in honor of the Golden Jubilee of "The Grand Old Man of Baseball."1952 Philadelphia Athletics season
The 1952 Philadelphia Athletics season saw the A's finish fourth in the American League with a record of 79 wins and 75 losses. They finished 16 games behind the eventual World Series Champion New York Yankees. The Athletics' 1952 campaign would be their final winning season in Philadelphia; it would also be their only winning season of the 1950s. The Athletics would have to wait until 1968, their first season in Oakland, for their next winning record.1954 Major League Baseball season
The 1954 Major League Baseball season was contested from April 13 to October 2, 1954. For the second consecutive season, a MLB franchise relocated, as the St. Louis Browns moved to Baltimore and became the Baltimore Orioles, who played their home games at Memorial Stadium.1954 Philadelphia Athletics season
The 1954 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing 8th in the American League with a record of 51 wins and 103 losses, 60 games behind AL Champion Cleveland in their 54th and final season in Philadelphia, before moving to Kansas City, Missouri for the following season.1955 Boston Red Sox season
The 1955 Boston Red Sox season was the 55th season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished fourth in the American League (AL) with a record of 84 wins and 70 losses.Bob Rinker
Robert John Rinker (April 21, 1921 – December 19, 2002) was an American professional baseball player who appeared in three Major League games as a pinch hitter and catcher for the 1950 Philadelphia Athletics. The native of Audenried, Pennsylvania, batted and threw right-handed, stood 6 feet (1.8 m) tall and weighed 190 pounds (86 kg).
Rinker's professional career lasted three seasons, beginning in 1948 and ending immediately after his September 1950 audition with the Athletics in the waning days of Connie Mack's 50-year tenure as the team's manager.
Rinker was called up to the Majors directly from the Class C Middle Atlantic League, where he had batted a lofty .381 in 126 at bats. In his debut game, on September 6, 1950 at Griffith Stadium, he pinch hit for A's pitcher Bobby Shantz in the eighth inning and singled off Sandy Consuegra of the Washington Senators. However, he was erased on a double play by Philadelphia's next batter, Eddie Joost. He would appear in two more games, one as a pinch hitter on September 8 and the other as a late-inning replacement for starting catcher Joe Tipton, and go hitless in two at bats, to finish with a Major League average of .333. He had no runs batted in.City Series (Philadelphia)
The City Series was the name of a series of baseball games played between Major League Baseball's Philadelphia Athletics of the American League and Philadelphia Phillies of the National League that ran from 1903 through 1955. After the A's move to Kansas City in 1955, the City Series rivalry came to an end. The teams have since faced each other in Interleague play (since its introduction in 1997) but the rivalry has effectively died in the intervening years since the A's left Philadelphia.
The first City Series was held in 1883 between the Phillies and American Association Philadelphia Athletics. When the Athletics first joined the American League, the two teams played each other in a spring and fall series. No City Series was held in 1901 and 1902 due to legal warring between the NL and AL.Duke Markell
Harry Duquesne "Duke" Markell (born Makowsky, August 17, 1923 – June 14, 1984) was a French-born professional baseball player, a right-handed pitcher whose career extended from 1945–1957, almost exclusively in minor league baseball. He appeared in five Major League games for the St. Louis Browns in the closing weeks of the 1951 season.
Born in Paris, France, Markell stood 6 feet 1 inch (1.85 m) tall and weighed 209 pounds (95 kg).
Markell was in his seventh pro season when the Browns gave him his MLB opportunity. Although he had lost 19 games that summer for the Oklahoma City Indians of the Double-A Texas League, he had compiled a good 2.77 earned run average.Markell earned both of his Major League decisions in his two starting assignments. In his first, on September 16 at Shibe Park, he allowed seven hits (including home runs by Gus Zernial and Eddie Joost) and seven earned runs to take the loss in a 7–1 victory by the Philadelphia Athletics. In his second start on September 27, however, he threw a complete game, 7–4 victory over the Detroit Tigers at Sportsman's Park, outpitching veteran Tiger right-hander Fred Hutchinson. Although he gave up another homer, this time to Johnny Groth, Markell scattered eight hits and only three runs were earned.Altogether, he gave up 25 hits and 20 bases on balls, striking out ten, in 21⅓ innings of big league action. After his brief trial with the Browns, Markell returned to the minor leagues, where he appeared in 508 games pitched and compiled a 154–142 record.In the early 1960s, the retired Jewish former major league baseball pitcher played outfield for The Free Sons of Israel lodge softball team "Mt. Horeb." He was a regular on the team which played on the Randall's Island softball fields in New York City.Eddie Miller (infielder)
Edward Robert Miller (November 26, 1916 – July 31, 1997) was an American professional baseball player, a shortstop who played for 14 seasons in the National League between 1936 and 1950. He was a talented fielder and a perennial All-Star during the 1940s.
Born in Pittsburgh, Miller made his Major League debut with the Cincinnati Reds in 1936 as a 19-year-old. He played in 41 games over 2 seasons with the Reds before being traded to the New York Yankees in 1938 in exchange for Willard Hershberger. Miller never played for the Yankees at the major league level and was subsequently traded to the Boston Bees less than a year later.
He became the starting shortstop while in Boston, and established himself as one of the National League's best shortstops during his four seasons there. His first season with Boston was shortened when he fractured his ankle in a collision with Al Simmons. He recovered in 1940 to a career-best .276 for the Bees while leading all NL shortstops in fielding percentage and appearing in the MLB All-Star Game. While his batting average fell over the next two seasons with Boston, he led all shortstops in fielding percentage both years. He was an All-Star in 1941 and was named as a starter in the All-Star Game in 1942. After the 1942 season, he was traded back to the Reds in exchange for Eddie Joost and Nate Andrews.
He spent five seasons as the Reds' starting shortstop and earned four more selections to the All-Star Game while with the club. He continued to play solid defense while with Cincinnati, and he led all shortstops in fielding on two further occasions. His final year with the Reds was one of his better seasons as a hitter, as he led the league in doubles and was among the top 10 in home runs and runs batted in. He was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies for Johnny Wyrostek before the start of the 1948 season.
Miller served as the Phillies' shortstop in 1948 but moved to second base in 1949 when he swapped positions with Granny Hamner. After two average seasons with Philadelphia, he was acquired by the St. Louis Cardinals for the 1950 season, his last in the majors.
Miller died in 1997 in Lake Worth, Florida.Joost (disambiguation)
Joost may refer to:
Eddie Joost, a baseball player
Oskar Joost, a German musician
Joost, a P2PTV service and software for distributing TV shows online.
Joost (name), a Dutch first name for boys.Lonny Frey
Linus Reinhard Frey (August 23, 1910 – September 13, 2009) was an American infielder in Major League Baseball who played from 1933 through 1948 for the Brooklyn Dodgers (1933–1936), Chicago Cubs (1937, 1947), Cincinnati Reds (1938–1943, 1946), New York Yankees (1947–1948), and New York Giants (1948). He was born in Saint Louis, Missouri, and was listed as 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) tall and 160 pounds (73 kg).
Frey began his career as a switch hitter and continued to bat from both sides of the plate until the end of 1938. Starting in 1939, he batted exclusively from the left side of the plate. He started at shortstop with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1933 and switched to second base after leading the National League in errors in 1935 (44) and 1936 (51). Traded to the Chicago Cubs before the 1936 season he developed as a competent second baseman.
Frey enjoyed his best years with the Cincinnati Reds, helping them to reach two consecutive World Series in 1939 and 1940, after hitting .291 with 11 home runs and 95 runs (1939) and leading the National League with 22 stolen bases (1940) while scoring 102 runs. Five days before the 1940 World Series against Detroit, Frey injured his foot when he dropped the iron lid of the dugout water cooler on it. Eddie Joost replaced him at second base for the series.
A three-time All-Star (1939, 1941, 1943) Frey also led the NL second basemen twice each in fielding percentage and double plays (1940 and 1943). After missing two full seasons while serving in World War II, his career faded. In 1947 he divided his playing time between the Cubs and the New York Yankees, and he was a member of the Yankees team that won the 1947 World Series. He played his final game with the New York Giants in 1948.
In a 14-season career, Frey was a .269 hitter with 61 home runs, 549 RBI, 848 runs, 105 stolen bases, and a .359 on-base percentage in 1,535 games played. He recorded a .960 fielding percentage.
In 1961 Frey was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame, and in 1969, as part of the franchise's 100th anniversary, was selected the Reds all-time second baseman.
Frey died in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, at the age of 99. At the time of his death, he was recognized as the second-oldest living major league ballplayer, the oldest living All-Star, and the last living player to play for all three New York baseball teams in the 1930s and 1940s.W711-2
W711-2 is also commonly known as the 1940 Cincinnati Reds Team Issue instead of The American Card Catalog reference number. This is a baseball card set of 35 total unnumbered, black and white cards measuring 2-1/8" × 2-5/8". The complete set was issued by the Cincinnati Reds baseball club, sold at the ballpark. 29 cards feature a player's portrait photo on the front while name, position and biographical information and five years worth of statistics are on the back. The balance of the 6 cards were reference cards describing the World Series win in 1940 against the Detroit Tigers and an order form in which to get more of these sets from Harry Hartman Publishing Co. in Cincinnati, Ohio.
This set had few known baseball stars on the team with the exception of Johnny Vandermeer who still holds the record for two consecutive no-hitter games in 1938, Eddie Joost and Ernie Lombardi. A complete list of players in this set are shown below.
|AL West Division|
|AL Wild Card (3)|
Members of the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame