Edava

Edava is a coastal Town near to Varkala Municipality of Thiruvananthapuram district in the state of Kerala, India. Edava is located near the tourist spot Varkala Beach and Kappil

Edava

Edava
Town
Kappil beach and backwaters in Edava
Kappil beach and backwaters in Edava
Edava is located in Kerala
Edava
Edava
Location in Kerala, India
Edava is located in India
Edava
Edava
Edava (India)
Coordinates: 8°46′02″N 76°41′24″E / 8.7671°N 76.6901°ECoordinates: 8°46′02″N 76°41′24″E / 8.7671°N 76.6901°E
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictThiruvananthapuram
TalukVarkala Taluk
Government
 • BodyGram panchayat
Area
 • Total9 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total26,903
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Edavakaran
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
695311
Telephone code0470
Vehicle registrationKL-16
Nearest cityVarkala
Literacy98.97%
Lok Sabha constituencyAttingal
Vidhan Sabha constituencyVarkala

History

Edava was the frontier of the erstwhile Province of Travancore: Venad. This village is on the northwest boundary of Thiruvananthapuram district adjacent to the Arabian Sea and situated between two municipalities, Varkala to the south and Paravur to the north. The railway line between Trivandrum and Kollam passes through this village. Edava may be the only village in Kerala with two railway stations: Edava and Kappil. There is a road (TA Majeed Road) connecting Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram.

Edava has witnessed important historical events in Kerala. Historical references show that during the rule of Queen Umayamma one `Mughal Sardar' attacked Venad in the year 1680. His reign extended from the South of Thovala to Edava.

In the year 1726, Queen of Attingal gave permission to the British East Indian Company to build a Pandakasaala (warehouse) near what is now called Vettakkada, close to the Arabian Sea. But even before the setting up of this Pandakasaala, Denmark traders had constructed a trading hub over there. K P Padmanabha Menon, in his seminal work, Kerala History, has quoted English army captain Alexander Hamilton as saying that during the first leg of 18th century: "Here on the beach side, Denmark traders have a small warehouse with coconut-thatched roof. It is in a dilapidated condition. Their trading, likewise, is nominal." This location at Vettakkada is still named Paandiyala, a worn-out usage of Paandakasaala, which is the Malayalam for warehouse.

The first printing press in the erstwhile Travancore, or perhaps in Kerala, with facility to print in Arabic script, was established in Edava in 1936. It was called Coronation Memorial Press and was situated at what is now called Press Mukku. Its establishment coincided with the coronation ceremony of Travancore King. Orders for books, in Arabic, used to come from even far-flung places such as the present-day Pakistan.

Edava is the birthplace of late T A. Majeed, who was the PWD Minister in the first Communist Ministry of 1957. He was known for his impeccable political career minus any blemishes.

Edava's secular credentials are impeccable and sublime, with Hindus and Muslims living shoulder to shoulder without making any ripples in the placid social waters of this pristine coastal village. There is no wonder because the village is just a microcosm of a larger Kerala. Edavites, cutting across religious affiliations, are used to wake up to devotional songs from temples and call for prayers from mosques. Edavites, cutting across religious belief, enjoy major temple festivals in the village with all fervor and gaiety, without providing any room for nefarious communal elements to disturb this glorious tradition. Of particular mention is the temple festival of Palakkav Temple.

Geography

Kappil Estuary
Kappil Beach & Estuary
Arabian Sea view from the Redhills, Vettakada
Arabian Sea view from the Redhills, Vettakada

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Edava had a population of 26,903, with 12,292 males and 14,611 females.

While some people eke out a living through fishing, a majority of Edavites migrate to the Middle East countries in search of jobs, and a few find their livelihood in private sector. Edava has had a tradition of its people migrating to countries like Singapore and Malaysia in the 18th and 19th century and this trend still continues even today, though to the Gulf region.

Transportation

The main road of Edava is TA Majeed Road, which connects Varkala to Paravur through Edava.

Edava has two railway stations, one is Edavai railway station and the other is Kappil railway station. Edava may be probably the only village in Kerala with two railway stations. The railway line which connects Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam passes through Edava.

The nearest main railway station is Varkala Railway Station which is having stops for almost 90% trains and it is the most important station between Thiruvananthapuram Central railway station and Kollam Junction railway station. Varkala Railway Station is just 3 km away from Edava.

The nearest airport is Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, 55 km from Edava.

Lakes

Edava Nadayara Lake
Edava-Nadayara Lake View from Varkala-Paravoor Road Bridge

Edava Nadayara lake and canal

Educational Institutions

Like other kerala villages, Edava also have schooling facilities in Government as well as private sectors. Unfortunately there is no educational facilities available in Edava after schools.

Major Schools in Edava is as follows:-

  1. Kappil Government High School
  2. M.R Mohammed Kunju Memorial Higher Secondary School
  3. Government Upper Primary School
  4. Lekshmi Vilasom Upper Primary School.
  5. Jawahar Public Senior Secondary School
  6. Little Flower English Medium Higher Secondary School

Temples

Edava is rich for its temples.

  1. Edava Palakkavu Bhagavathy Temple

Prominent People

  • Late T A Majeed, PWD Minister in the EMS ministry, 1957, the first democratically elected Communist government in the world.
  • Late Thakiyudeen Wahid, Founder-Chairman of the now-defunct East West Airlines, the first private airline company to have touched the Indian skies.
  • Late M R Mohammed Kunju (M.R), eminent social reformer, who, upon the advise of Vakkom Maulavi, went on to found schools like GMUPS Vettakkada and Edava Muslim High School.
  • Edava Basheer, playback singer
  • G. K. Pillai, movie actor
  • Late Edava Jamal, writer-poet
  • Thaha, film director
  • Late Prof. U Jamal Mohammed
  • Late Parayil Shamsudeen MLA
  • Arun Gopy, Film Director
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Palakkavu Bhagavathi temple

The Edava Palakkavu Bhagavathi temple (ഇടവാ പാലക്കാവ് ഭഗവതി ക്ഷേത്രം) is one of the ancient temples in south India. It is situated at Edava in Thiruvananthapuram District, India. Bhadrakali Devi is the presiding deity of this temple.A festival is conducted during the month of "Kumbham". This is an occasion when the entire village, irrespective of religious differences, erupt in festive mood. The streets are made colourful on the festival days with colourful processions. Tender coconut fronds and plantain leaf-stalks are also used for street decoration.

Paravur Lake

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Thiruvananthapuram–Shoranur canal

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The T S canal was commissioned in stages under the three erstwhile states of Travancore, Cochin and Madras between the 18th and 19th century. The portion between Channankara and Thiruvananthapuram was first done to effect through-traffic from Varkala to Thiruvananthapuram. Then, Paravur canal was constructed to link the backwaters of Paravur Lake and Edava Kayal. Quilon canal came next, connecting Paravur Lake and Ashtamudi Kayal. Thus, the waterway route in this region was completed by 1880 to have through movement of goods and passenger traffic between the southern parts of Travancore parts of the state.

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Varkala

Varkala formerly known as Udaya Marthandapuram is a municipality and headquarters of Varkala Taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district situated in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located 40 kilometres north-west of Trivandrum (Thiruvananthapuram) which is the capital and largest metropolitan city of Kerala and 15 km north - west of Attingal municipality.

Varkala is the only place in southern Kerala where cliffs are found adjacent to the Arabian Sea. These Cenozoic sedimentary formation cliffs are a unique geological feature on the otherwise flat Kerala coast, and is known among geologists as Varkala Formation and a national geological monument as declared by the Geological Survey of India for their protection, maintenance, promotion and enhancement of geotourism. There are numerous water spouts and spas on the sides of these cliffs. In 2015, Ministry of Mines, Government of India and Geological Survey of India (GSI) have declared Varkala Cliff as a geo-heritage site.

Varkala is under Varkala police jurisdiction.

Varkala is also famous for the 2,018-year-old Janardana Swami Temple which is an important Vaishnavaite shrine in India and is often referred to as Dakshin Kashi (Benares of the South). The temple is located close to the Papanasam beach, which is considered to have holy waters which wash away sins, and is also an important Ayurveda treatment centre. The temple has an ancient bell removed from a shipwreck, donated by the captain of the Dutch vessel which sank near Varkala without causing any casualties.

Another major landmark in Varkala is the Sivagiri Mutt, established by the social reformer Sree Narayana Guru. The hill-top mausoleum of Sree Narayana Guru is one of the most famous monuments in Kerala state.

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