Ed Case

Edward Espenett Case (born September 27, 1952) is an American Democratic politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 1st congressional district, which covers the urban core of Honolulu. He represented the 2nd district, which covers the rest of the state, from 2002 to 2007.

Case, a Blue Dog Democrat, first came to prominence in Hawaii as majority leader of the Hawaii State Legislature and in his 2002 campaign for governor of Hawaii.

First elected to the House of Representatives in 2002 in a special election to fill the seat of Patsy Mink, who died of pneumonia, Case represented Hawaii's 2nd congressional district until 2006, when he unsuccessfully challenged Daniel Akaka in the Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate.

In 2010 Case was one of two Democratic candidates in the special election for Hawaii's 1st congressional district. With the Democratic vote split, Republican Councilman Charles Djou's 39% of the vote earned him the seat. Case ran again in the Democratic primary for the November general election, but suspended his campaign in May.[1] Colleen Hanabusa, Case's fellow Democrat in the special election, went on to win the primary and the general election against Djou. Case again ran for the Senate in 2012 after Daniel Akaka announced his retirement, but lost to Mazie Hirono.[2]

In July 2013 Case announced that he was joining Outrigger Enterprises Group and that his political career was "likely" over.[3] In June 2018, Case reversed his decision and announced he would run again in Hawaii's 1st congressional district.[4] Case won the crowded Democratic primary election in August 2018,[5] and went on to win the general election.[6] He took office in January 2019.[7]

Ed Case
Ed Case, Official Portrait, 116th Congress 2
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Hawaii
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byColleen Hanabusa
Constituency1st district
In office
November 30, 2002 – January 3, 2007
Preceded byPatsy Mink
Succeeded byMazie Hirono
Constituency2nd district
Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives
from the 23rd district
In office
November 9, 1994 – November 30, 2002
Preceded byBrian Taniguchi
Succeeded byGalen Fox
Personal details
Born
Edward Espenett Case

September 27, 1952 (age 67)
Hilo, Hawaii, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Audrey Nakamura (m. 2001)
Children2
EducationWilliams College (BA)
University of California, Hastings (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Early life, education, and legal career

Case was born in Hilo, the eldest of six children. In 1970, Case graduated from Hawaii Preparatory Academy in Kamuela. After high school, Case traveled for a year in Australia, where he worked as a jackaroo on a New South Wales sheep station, and in New Zealand. Case then attended Williams College in Williamstown, Massachusetts, where he obtained his bachelor's degree in psychology in 1975.

In 1981, Case graduated from the University of California Hastings College of Law in San Francisco with a Juris Doctor.

From 1981 to 1982, Case served as law clerk to Hawaii Supreme Court Chief Justice William S. Richardson. From 1983 to 2002, he worked at the law firm Carlsmith Ball in Honolulu, where he became a partner in 1989, and served as managing partner from 1992 to 1994, when he was first elected to the Hawaii House of Representatives. Case resigned his partnership upon winning election to the United States Congress in 2002. Case stated in 2007 that he would work for the Honolulu-based law firm of Bays Deaver Lung Rose & Baba.[8]

Early political career

Case got his first taste of political life as Legislative Assistant to Congressman and then Senator Spark Matsunaga in Washington, D.C. from 1975 to 1978. In 1985, Case won his first election, to the Mānoa Neighborhood Board of Honolulu. He became its chairman in 1987, a position he held until leaving the board in 1989.

Hawaii House of Representatives

Elections

In 1994, he ran for Hawaii's 23rd House District. He won the Democratic primary with 51% of the vote in a five candidate field.[9] In the general election, he defeated Green party nominee Toni Worst 59%–41%.[10] In 1996, he won re-election to a second term with 67% of the vote.[11] In 1998, he won re-election to a third term with 70% of the vote.[12] In 2000, he won re-election to a fourth term unopposed.[13]

Tenure

Case served four two-year terms in the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1994 to 2002, where he focused on basic change in Hawaiʻi governance. In 1999, after Case led an effort to replace the leadership of the State House, his Democratic peers elected him Majority Leader.

A conservative Democrat by Hawaii standards, Case sought to change the current way state government operated and repeatedly warned that Hawaii was not addressing long-term fiscal challenges. On the last legislative day of 2000, Case said in a floor speech: "If you cannot make those choices, please get out of the way, because you are just making it harder for the rest of us."[14]

On January 21, 1997, in the House Judiciary Committee, Case cast the lone nay vote against advancing HB117, the bill that would allow a referendum to effectively, constitutionally ban gay marriage.[15] He and six others opposed the bill again in the full house vote.[16] When he was up for re-election in November 1998, he publicly opposed the referendum. His reasoning: "changing the Constitution would go against its intended purpose — protecting the rights of the minority against the will of the majority."[15] Leading up to the November election, polls consistently predicted that the measure would pass by 70–75%, a prediction that was accurate.[17] Due to the measure's popularity, only three other politicians or candidates in Hawaii joined his position.[18]

In 2001, Case co-sponsored an unsuccessful civil unions bill.[19]

Committee assignments

  • House Judiciary Committee

2002 gubernatorial election

In early 2001, at the beginning of his fourth term in the Hawaii State House, Case chose not to continue as Majority Leader. In October 2001, Case announced his candidacy for Governor of Hawaii in 2002. Case's initial opponent was the early favorite in the race, Mayor of Honolulu Jeremy Harris, also a Democrat. Case supporters were discontented with the "Democratic Party of Hawaii machine" that had ruled the state for 40 years and perceived to have left the economy stagnant, a "machine" to which Harris was closely tied.

Despite high polling numbers, Harris abruptly dropped out of the race in May 2002 because of ongoing campaign spending investigations. Lieutenant Governor Mazie Hirono dropped out of her race for Mayor of Honolulu to challenge Case in the primary. A later entrant into the Democratic primary was D. G. "Andy" Anderson, the former Republican state chair and aide to former Honolulu Mayor Frank F. Fasi. Case told Hawaii voters that his campaign was one of government reform and the future as opposed to Hirono and Anderson who represented the "Old Boys' Network" and a status quo past.

In one of the closest primary elections for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in Hawaii history, Hirono beat Case, 41% to 40%, with Anderson a distant third with 17%. In the general election, Hirono faced Republican Linda Lingle; Lingle won.

U.S. House of Representatives

Ed Case, official photo portrait color
Case during the 107th Congress

Elections

2002

U.S. Congresswoman Patsy Mink died on September 28, 2002, one week after the primary election, leaving her 107th Congress (2001–2003) seat vacant. She was subsequently posthumously reelected to the 108th Congress (2003–2005) in November of the same year. On November 30, 2002, Case was elected in a special election to serve the remaining two months of Mink's, gaining over 50% of the vote in a field of over forty. Although he didn't live in the 2nd, the federal Constitution only requires that a House candidate be a resident of the state he or she wishes to represent. During the special election, Case pointed out that he grew up on the Big Island.

2003

Case immediately ran in a second special election on January 4, 2003 for Mink's 108th Congress seat, going up against more than three dozen other candidates. Other Democrats included Matt Matsunaga and Colleen Hanabusa. Republicans included Barbara Marumoto, Bob McDermott, and Frank Fasi. Case won that election with 43 percent of the vote.

2004

In 2004, Case defeated Republican challenger Mike Gabbard, a social conservative who focused almost exclusively on gay marriage issues. Case won his first full term with 63% of the vote.[20]

2018

In June 2018, Case joined the crowded race for the 2018 Democratic primary election, set for August 11, 2018.[21] He won the primary election with 40% of the vote, defeating 6 other challengers, including Doug Chin, the incumbent Lieutenant Governor.[22] In the 2018 General Election in November, Case carried Hawaii's 1st Congressional District by a 50-point margin, 73.1%—23.1%,[23] defeating Republican Campbell Cavasso.

Tenure

2002-2007

Case sponsored 36 bills between 2003–2006. Of those bills, Congress passed H.Con.Res.218 recognizing 100 years of Filipino-American immigration to America, the Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park Addition Act (H.R.546 / Public Law No. 108-142), legislation (H.R. 2030 / Public Law No: 108-5) designating the U.S. Postal Service facility located in Paia, Hawaii as the Patsy Takemoto Mink Post Office Building, and the Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge Expansion Act (H.R. 2619 / Public Law No. 108-481). Two of his other bills were included in subsequent legislation. H.R. 3535, to include country of origin labeling for macadamia nuts, was included in the 2008 Farm Bill. Congresswoman Mazie Hirono reintroduced the Kalaupapa Memorial Act (H.R. 4529), which she added to Public Law No. 111-11.

While Case entered the House of Representatives too late to cast a vote on the Iraq War Resolution, he supported the Iraq War throughout his tenure in the House. As late as 2006, he opposed a firm timetable for withdrawal.[24]

Case often sided with Republicans on major tax legislation. He was one of only 34 Democrats (who sided with 196 Republicans) to support reducing the estate tax.[25] He also was one of 15 Democrats (who sided with 229 Republicans) to support lower taxes on investment income.[26]

In 2005, Case voted for Rep. Jeb Hensarling's (R-TX) amendment to eliminate funding for PBS, NPR, and Title X family planning, including money for Planned Parenthood. He was unusual in being the only Democrat to support the amendment, which failed 102–320.[27][28]

Case also introduced the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands National Marine Refuge Act (H.R. 2376), which would have protected the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands by making them a national marine refuge. In June 2006, President George W. Bush achieved much of the bill's goals by issuing a public proclamation creating the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument under the authority of the Antiquities Act of 1906.

He has co-sponsored 808 bills during the same time period. He only missed 148 (6%) of 2435 votes in his tenure.[29]

2019-present

He re-joined the Blue Dog Coalition on January 29, 2019.[30]

Committee assignments

2002-2007
2019–present

Caucus memberships

  • Blue Dog Coalition (fiscally moderate/conservative Democrats)
  • Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus (executive board member)
  • Congressional Caucus to Fight and Control Methamphetamine (Ice Caucus)
  • Congressional Travel and Tourism Caucus
  • Democratic Tax Policy and Budget Task Force
  • Homeland Security Caucus
  • House New Democrat Coalition (economically moderate Democrats)
  • Military Veterans Caucus
  • Renewable Energy and Efficiency Caucus
  • Rural Healthcare Coalition
  • U.S.-Philippines Caucus[31]

2006 U.S. Senate election

Case challenged Senator Daniel Akaka in the Democratic primary election. He lost the September primary, 53-46%.

Akaka centered his campaign on the difference in support for the U.S. intervention in Iraq. He was one of only a handful of Democratic Senators to vote against the use of force resolution against Iraq in 2002; Case, while not in Congress at the time of the vote, had said he would have voted in support of the resolution.[32]

Despite his loss, Case decided to stay in politics.[8]

2010 special congressional election

On March 29, 2009, Case announced his candidacy for Congress to represent Hawaii's 1st congressional district being vacated by Neil Abercrombie.[33] His main opponents were fellow Democrat Colleen Hanabusa and Republican Charles Djou. Both Case and Hanabusa represented different wings of the party, Case being a conservative Blue Dog Democrat, while Hanabusa is preferred by the liberal wing.[34] Hanabusa secured the endorsement of EMILY's List, the local party establishment, and local labor unions.[34][35] Case was at odds with the party establishment over his primary challenge to U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka in 2006 when he was still Representative of the 2nd district.

Both Case and Hanabusa proposed that the other drop out for the sake of party unity.[36] The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) dispatched an aide to the state in the hopes of at least ensuring no other Democrats enter the race.[34] It was unlikely either Democrat would drop out; both represented different views and both already faced off in a 2002 special election for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, which Case won.[34][37] On May 10, 2010, the DCCC said it would not spend any further resources on the race, preferring to save those resources for the November election.[38]

The election was held on May 22, 2010. Djou became the first Republican to win a Hawaii congressional election since 1988. He won with a plurality of 39% of the vote. Hanabusa came in second with 31% and Case came in third with 28% of the vote.[39][40]

Case initially said he would run in the next primary against Hanabusa, but later changed his mind and dropped out of the race, citing party unity and his third-place finish.[1]

2012 U.S. Senate election

On April 10, 2011, Case announced his candidacy for U.S. Senate, to replace retiring U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka.[41]

In a rematch of the 2002 gubernatorial primary, Hirono once again defeated him, this time by a 17-point margin, 58%–41%.[42]

Papers

The Ed Case Papers were donated to the University of Hawaii at Manoa Library and are held in the Hawaii Congressional Papers Collection of the Library's Archives & Manuscripts Department. The Papers consist of materials from his years in the U.S. Congress and from his terms in the Hawaii Legislature, as well as campaign material from his successful and unsuccessful (state governor, U.S. senator) campaigns. The papers were processed in 2007 by archivist Ellen Chapman, and will be opened for research on January 3, 2037.

Personal life

Case has two children from his first marriage, from 1988 to 1998: James (b. 1988) and David (b. 1990). In 2001 Case married Audrey Nakamura, a former classmate from Hawaii Preparatory Academy, who is a flight attendant with United Airlines. Case became reacquainted with her during their 30th class reunion. "I was in a definite, major-league crush with her for two years back in seventh and eighth grade," Case said in an interview. Audrey had two children of her own, David (b. 1983) and Megan (b. 1986), from a previous marriage.

His cousin Steve Case is the co-founder of America Online, as well as the former chairman of Time Warner.

References

  1. ^ a b Miller, Sean (May 30, 2010). "Ed Case ends his campaign for Hawaii House seat".
  2. ^ "Ed Case to Mount Hawaii Senate Campaign : Roll Call Politics". Rollcall.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  3. ^ "Case To Join Outrigger, Says Political Career Likely Over". Honolulu Civil Beat. July 12, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  4. ^ Daysog, Rick (June 5, 2018). "Ed Case joins crowded race for Congress, but some see him as a front-runner".
  5. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah. "Hawaii Primary Election Results". Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  6. ^ "Democrat Ed Case Easily Wins 1st Congressional District Race". Honolulu Civil Beat. November 7, 2018.
  7. ^ "Ex-congressman Ed Case wins Hawaii Democratic primary for US House". USA TODAY. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Borreca, Richard (January 4, 2007). "Case still has taste for politics". starbulletin.com. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  9. ^ "HI State House 23 – D Primary Race – Sep 17, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  10. ^ "HI State House 23 Race – Nov 08, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  11. ^ "HI State House 23 Race – Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  12. ^ "HI State House 23 Race – Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  13. ^ "HI State House 23 Race – Nov 07, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  14. ^ "Ed Case: Smart, blunt, impatient for change | The Honolulu Advertiser | Hawaii's Newspaper". the.honoluluadvertiser.com. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  15. ^ a b "FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Law & Legal Information". Findlaw.
  16. ^ "FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Law & Legal Information". Findlaw.
  17. ^ "Office of Elections". www.hawaii.gov.
  18. ^ "Honolulu Star-Bulletin Local News". starbulletin.com. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  19. ^ "Measure History". www.capitol.hawaii.gov.
  20. ^ "Gabbard staking claim on Case's Congress seat | The Honolulu Advertiser | Hawaii's Newspaper". the.honoluluadvertiser.com. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  21. ^ Daysog, Rick. "Ed Case joins crowded race for Congress, but some see him as a front-runner".
  22. ^ "Live results for Hawaii's governor and Congress primary races". Vox. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  23. ^ "Hawaii Election Results: First House District". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  24. ^ "Ed Case on War & Peace". Retrieved June 15, 2012.
  25. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 425". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
  26. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 135". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved December 30, 2011.
  27. ^ "FINAL VOTE RESULTS FOR ROLL CALL 83". clerk.house.gov. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  28. ^ "Hensarling Amendment Impacting NEA, Public Broadcasting". Retrieved June 19, 2012.
  29. ^ "Ed Case, former U.S. Representative". GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
  30. ^ https://okdemocrats.org/blue-dogs-welcome-reps-ed-case-joe-cunningham-and-kendra-horn/
  31. ^ "Welcome to the Official Case Campaign Website". Edcase.com. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
  32. ^ Cillizza, Chris "Hawaii Results: Akaka Hangs On" Archived May 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Washington Post, September 24, 2006
  33. ^ "News".
  34. ^ a b c d Kraushaar, Josh (December 21, 2009). "GOP sets sights on blue Hawaii". Politico. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
  35. ^ "Obama's Home Congressional District in Play". Huffingtonpost.com. April 24, 2010. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  36. ^ Miller, Sean J. (December 26, 2009). "Lingering resentment could play into Hawaii congressional race". The Hill. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
  37. ^ Gima, Craig (January 6, 2003). "Victorious Case sees end of old-style politics". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
  38. ^ Zeleny, Jeff (May 10, 2010). "National Democrats Bow Out of Hawaii Race". The New York Times.
  39. ^ State of Hawaii Office of Elections (February 24, 2010). "FACTSHEET 2010 SPECIAL ELECTION U.S. House of Representatives, District 1" (PDF). Retrieved March 15, 2010.
  40. ^ "Office of Elections" (PDF). hawaii.gov.
  41. ^ "Ed Case Announces Run For Senate". KITV. April 10, 2011. Archived from the original on January 28, 2012.
  42. ^ "Hirono, Lingle win primaries, set to fight for Hawaii Senate seat". The Hill. Retrieved August 12, 2012.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Patsy Mink
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Hawaii's 2nd congressional district

2002–2007
Succeeded by
Mazie Hirono
Preceded by
Colleen Hanabusa
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Hawaii's 1st congressional district

2019–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Ann Kirkpatrick
United States Representatives by seniority
246th
Succeeded by
Ralph Abraham
2002 Hawaii gubernatorial election

The 2002 Hawaii gubernatorial election was held on November 5, 2002 to select the Governor of Hawaii. Incumbent Democratic Governor of Hawaii Ben Cayetano was term-limited and therefore could not run for re-election. Former Maui Mayor Linda Lingle, who had narrowly lost the 1998 election, was nominated once again by the Republicans while Lieutenant Governor Mazie Hirono earned the Democratic nomination in a tightly fought race. Lingle and Hirono duked it out in a toughly-fought campaign, with Hirono's campaign crippled by allegations of corruption within the Hawaii Democratic Party and many voters desiring a change. Ultimately, Lingle narrowly defeated Hirono in one of the state's closest gubernatorial elections, making her the first Republican Governor of Hawaii since 1962 and the state's first ever female Governor.

2002–2003 Hawaii's 2nd congressional district special elections

There were two United States House of Representatives special elections in Hawaii's 2nd congressional district within 35 days of each other to select the successor to Democrat Patsy Mink who had died from pneumonia. The elections, held November 30, 2002 and January 4, 2003, were officially nonpartisan and each held as general elections without primaries to pick a successor for the remainder of her term in the 107th Congress and for the next term in the 108th Congress, to which Mink was posthumously re-elected. Both elections were won by Democrat Ed Case.

2004 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii

The 2004 House elections in Hawaii occurred on November 2, 2004 to elect the members of the State of Hawaii's delegation to the United States House of Representatives. Hawaii had two seats in the House, apportioned according to the 2000 United States Census.

These elections were held concurrently with the United States presidential election of 2004, United States Senate elections of 2004 (including one in Hawaii), the United States House elections in other states, and various state and local elections.

2006 United States Senate election in Hawaii

The 2006 United States Senate election in Hawaii was held November 7, 2006. Incumbent Democrat Daniel Akaka won re-election to his third full term.

2010 Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election

The 2010 special election for the 1st congressional district of Hawaii was a special election to the United States House of Representatives that took place to fill the vacancy caused by Representative Neil Abercrombie's resignation on February 28, 2010 to focus on his campaign for Governor of Hawaii in the 2010 gubernatorial election. Abercrombie planned to not run for re-election in 2010, and many of the candidates that were running for his open seat transferred to the special election. The election was held on May 22, 2010 and Republican Charles Djou won, defeating five Democrats, four fellow Republicans, and four Independent candidates. The main reason for his win was because there were two Democratic candidates instead of one, which split the votes, allowing Djou to win, as Hawaii is an overwhelmingly Democratic state. As of 2019, this is the last time in which a Republican was elected to congress from Hawaii. Djou became the first Republican elected to Congress from Hawaii since Pat Saiki in 1988; Djou volunteered on Saiki's 1988 campaign, and Saiki served as Djou's campaign chair in 2010.

2010 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii

The 2010 congressional elections in Hawaii was held on November 4, 2010 to determine who was to represent the state of Hawaii in the United States House of Representatives for the 112th Congress from January 2011, until their terms of office expire in January 2013.

Hawaii has two seats in the House, apportioned according to the 2000 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms. The election coincided with the 2010 gubernatorial election.

2012 United States Senate election in Hawaii

The 2012 United States Senate election in Hawaii took place on November 6, 2012, concurrently with the 2012 U.S. presidential election as well as other elections to the United States Senate and House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka decided to retire instead of running for re-election to a fourth term. Democratic Congresswoman Mazie Hirono defeated former Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle in a rematch of the 2002 Hawaii gubernatorial election.

2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii

The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2018, to elect the two U.S. Representatives from the U.S. state of Hawaii; one from each of the state's two congressional districts. Primaries were held on August 11, 2018. The elections and primaries coincided with the elections and primaries of other federal and state offices.

With the 2018 election results, the Democratic Party easily retained both House seats and retained unitary control over the entirety of Hawaii's Congressional (both House and Senate) delegation.

2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii

The 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Hawaii will be held on November 3, 2020, to elect the two U.S. Representatives from the state of Hawaii, one from each of the state's two congressional districts. The elections will coincide with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections.

999 (band)

999 are an English punk rock band, formed in London in December 1976. From the period of 1976 to 1985, the line-up of 999 consisted of Nick Cash (vocals, guitar), Guy Days (lead guitar), Jon Watson (bass guitar) and Pablo LaBrittain (drums). LaBrittain was temporarily replaced in 1980 by drummer Paul Edward aka 'Ed Case' while he recovered from a motor accident. Bassist Jon Watson left the band in 1985 and was replaced by Danny Palmer, who was succeeded by Arturo Bassick in 1991.

Between 1978 and 2007, 999 released fourteen singles and twelve studio albums. Five of the singles released by 999 between 1978 and 1981 charted within the Top 75 in the UK Singles Chart, with one further single released by 999 in 1978, "Homicide", charting within the Top 40. In addition, as a result of extensive touring in the United States in the early 1980s, the band's third and fourth studio albums: The Biggest Prize in Sport and Concrete, each charted on the U.S. Billboard 200.

Despite having formed in 1976, 999 have only experienced two permanent changes to their original line-up and has continued to record and play live, leading AllMusic to describe the band as "one of the longest-lived groups of the punk era."

Clint Eastwood (song)

"Clint Eastwood" is a song by British virtual band Gorillaz, released as the first single from their self-titled debut album in March 2001. The song is named after the actor of the same name due to its similarity to the theme music of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.The song is a mix of electronic music, dub, hip hop and rock. The verses are rapped by Del the Funky Homosapien, portrayed as a blue phantom in the video, while the chorus is sung by Damon Albarn (2D in the video). It peaked at number 4 on the UK Singles Chart and number 57 on the US Billboard Hot 100. It also reached number one in Italy and charted within the top 20 of many countries around the world. The single has sold 600,000 copies in the UK and has been certified platinum by the BPI. Rolling Stone ranked it number 38 on its 100 best songs of the 2000s. In October 2011, NME placed it at number 141 on its list "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years". The magazine also ranked it at number 347 on their list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time".

Ed Case (musician)

Edwin Makromallis, also known as Ed Case, is a London-based musician, producer, songwriter, and DJ.

Hawaii's 1st congressional district

Hawaii's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The district is located entirely on the island of Oahu, encompassing the urban areas of the City and County of Honolulu, a consolidated city-county that includes Oahu's central plains and southern shores, including the towns of Aiea, Mililani, Pearl City, Waipahu and Waimalu. The district is smaller and more densely populated than the 2nd Congressional District (which includes the rest of the state).

The district is currently represented by Democrat Ed Case.

Hawaii's 2nd congressional district

Hawaii's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The district encompasses all rural and most suburban areas of Oahu/Honolulu County, as well as the entire state outside of Oahu. Besides Honolulu, the district includes the counties of Kauai, Maui, Kalawao and Hawaii ("the Big Island"). The district spans 331 miles. The most populous community entirely within the district is Hilo. Major segments of the economy include tourism, ranching and agriculture, especially pineapple and sugarcane cultivation.

The district is represented by Democrat Tulsi Gabbard.

List of United States Representatives from Hawaii

The following is an alphabetical list of members of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Hawaii. For chronological tables of members of both houses of the United States Congress from the state (through the present day), see United States Congressional Delegations from Hawaii. The list of names should be complete (as of January 3, 2015), but other data may be incomplete. It includes members who have represented both the state and the Territory, both past and present.

Mazie Hirono

Mazie Keiko Hirono (; Japanese name: 広野 慶子, Hirono Keiko; born November 3, 1947) is a Japanese-born American politician serving since 2013 as the junior United States Senator from Hawaii. She is a member of the Democratic Party. Hirono served as a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1981 to 1995 and as Hawaii's ninth lieutenant governor from 1994 to 2002, under Ben Cayetano. The Democratic nominee for governor of Hawaii in 2002, Hirono was defeated by Republican Linda Lingle. From 2007 to 2013, she served as a member of the United States House of Representatives for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district.

Hirono is the first elected female senator from Hawaii, the first Asian-American woman elected to the Senate, the first U.S. senator born in Japan, and the nation's first Buddhist senator. She considers herself a non-practicing Buddhist and is often cited with Hank Johnson as the first Buddhist to serve in the United States Congress. She is the third woman to be elected to Congress from Hawaii (after Patsy Mink and Pat Saiki). In 2012, Hirono was the Democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retirement of Daniel Akaka. Hirono won the election, defeating Lingle in landslide, 63% to 37%. She was sworn in on January 3, 2013, by Vice President Joe Biden. Hirono was the only person of Asian ancestry serving in the U.S. Senate from 2013 until 2017, when senators Tammy Duckworth and Kamala Harris were sworn in, representing Illinois and California, respectively. Although Brian Schatz joined the Senate a week before Hirono, following the death of Daniel Inouye, making him Hawaii's senior senator, her six years in the House of Representatives makes her the dean, or longest-serving member overall, of Hawaii's congressional delegation.

Rise (Gabrielle album)

Rise is the third studio album by English recording artist Gabrielle. It was released by Go! Beat Records on 18 October 1999 in the United Kingdom. A major commercial success, the album spent three weeks at number-one on the UK Albums Chart, achieving 4× Platinum status. The title track also went to number one on the UK Singles Chart.

Rumours (song)

"Rumours" is a single by British R&B group Damage, released in 2000 as the second single from their second and last album, Since You've Been Gone. The song was a mild hit, reaching #22 on the UK Singles Chart.The song is a mixture of R&B and 2-step. The CD2 single contains UK garage remixes of "Rumours" and their previous single "Ghetto Romance", as remixed by Ed Case & Carl H and Groove Chronicles, respectively. The 12" vinyl release contains both the vocal and dub mixes by Ed Case & Carl H.

United States congressional delegations from Hawaii

These are tables of congressional delegations from Hawaii to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives.

Senators
Representatives
(ordered by district)
Majority
Minority
Others
Territorial (1899–1959)
One At-large seat (1959–1963)
Two At-large seat (1963–1971)
Districts (1971–present)
Hawaii's delegation(s) to the 107th–109th & 116th United States Congresses (ordered by seniority)
107th Senate: D. InouyeD. Akaka House: P. MinkN. Abercrombie • E. Case
109th Senate: D. InouyeD. Akaka House: N. Abercrombie • E. Case
109th Senate: D. InouyeD. Akaka House: N. Abercrombie • E. Case
116th Senate: B. SchatzM. Hirono House: T. Gabbard • E. Case

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