Ecological Democratic Party

The Ecological Democratic Party (German: Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei, ÖDP) is a conservative[3][4][5] and ecologist[6] political party in Germany. The ÖDP was founded in 1982 as a federal party and is the legal successor of the Green Action Future (Grünen Aktion Zukunft), the Green List for Environmental Protection (Grüne Liste Umweltschutz) and the Ecological Politics Working Group (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Ökologische Politik).[7]

The strongest level of voting support for the ÖDP is in Bavaria, where in federal state elections they have remained stable with 2% of the votes since 1990, and at municipal level have increased their mandate count in 2014 from 320 to around 380.[8] Since the 2014 European elections, the party is represented in the European Parliament by the MEP Klaus Buchner. The ÖDP is a member of the World Ecological Parties.

Ecological Democratic Party

Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei
LeaderChristoph Raabs
Founded23/24 January 1982
HeadquartersÖDP-Federal Office Würzburg
Pommergasse 1
D-97070 Würzburg
Youth wingYoung Ecologists
Membership (2018)Increase 6,400 [2]
IdeologyGreen conservatism
Political positionCentre-right
European affiliationNone
International affiliationWorld Ecological Parties
European Parliament groupGreens/EFA
0 / 709
State Parliaments
0 / 1,855
European Parliament
1 / 96


The ÖDP combines issues which are not often found together: a focus on state financial support for families and childrearing, and a belief in consistent life ethic (that is, opposition to late abortion, euthanasia and the death penalty). The latter positions and the differences listed below – have led some, including political scientist Joachim Raschke, to characterize the party as "conservative," but the party feels that all these positions are a consistent response to injustice. In most of those issues which it emphasizes, such as the environment and trade, it is similar to the Green party. It differs from the Green party by being less supportive of immigration and restrictions on state powers in criminal justice issues, not focusing on gay and lesbian rights, and having a differing view of feminism.

It was one of the earliest supporters (since 1989) of a green tax shift, an idea which later gained broader support and has been partially implemented in Germany since the Social Democratic Party and The Greens were elected to form the federal government in 1998.

Though a very small party – it has not gained seats in a state parliament or in the Bundestag – the ÖDP became notable for its involvement in the opposition to a Czech nuclear reactor in Temelin, across the border from Bavaria. It led an initiative for a popular referendum to abolish the Bavarian Senate (that state's upper house) which was successful. It brought suit against a law in North Rhine-Westphalia which requires parties to receive 5% of the vote in order to take their seats in local councils, as well as a national law which reserves state financing only for parties that got more than one percent of the vote in at least three state elections; both laws were overturned.

The party has a youth organization called Young Ecologists (Junge Ökologen).

In the 2014 European parliament elections, the ÖDP received 0.7% of the national vote (185,119 votes in total) and returned a single MEP.[9] The MEP, Klaus Buchner, joined The Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) parliamentary group.[10]


On 17 December 2014, the Memmingen/Unterallgäu chapter of the ÖDP said that the proposed gender mainstreaming law was a "state license to corrupt children" and would give LGBT individuals "too much influence over a passive majority", and that LGBT individuals should not be allowed to marry.[11] Party secretary Pablo Ziller said that the party's federal board was "disappointed" at the remarks and that the statements did not represent the party's position. According to Ziller, the party believes in extending marriage rights to same-sex couples.


The current leader of the party is Christoph Raabs. He succeeded Gabriela Schimmer-Göresz in May 2018.[12]

Election results

German Parliament (Bundestag)

Election year # of
constituency votes
% +/- # of
party list votes
% +/- # of
overall seats won
1983 3,341 0.0 New 11,028 0.0 New
0 / 520
1987 40,765 0.1 Increase0.1 109,152 0.3 Increase0.3
0 / 519
1990 243,469 0.5 Increase0.2 205,206 0.4 Increase0.1
0 / 662
1994 200,138 0.4 Decrease0.1 183,715 0.4 Steady
0 / 672
1998 145,308 0.3 Decrease0.1 98,257 0.2 Decrease0.2
0 / 669
2002 56,593 0.1 Decrease0.2 56,898 0.1 Decrease0.1
0 / 603
2005 Did not participate
2009 105,653 0.2 Increase0.2 132,249 0.3 Increase0.3
0 / 622
2013 128,209 0.3 Increase0.1 127,088 0.3 Steady
0 / 630
2017 166,228 0.4 Increase0.1 144,809 0.3 Steady
0 / 709

European Parliament

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
+/- # of
overall seats won
1984 77,026 0.3 New
0 / 81
1989 184,309 0.7 Increase0.4%
0 / 81
1994 273,776 0.8 Increase0.1%
0 / 99
1999 100,048 0.4 Decrease0.4%
0 / 99
2004 145,537 0.6 Increase0.2%
0 / 99
2009 134,893 0.5 Decrease0.1%
0 / 99
2014 185,244 0.6 Increase0.1%
1 / 96
Increase 1

State Parliaments (Landtage)

The following table shows the results of the most recent state elections the party contested:

State election, year Votes % of


Rank Seats won +/– Status
Hamburg, 2015[13] 13,621 0.4 #10
0 / 121
- Extra-parliamentary
Baden-Württemberg, 2016[14] 38,509 0.7 #8
0 / 143
- Extra-parliamentary
Rhineland-Palatinate, 2016[15] 8,623 0.4 #11
0 / 101
- Extra-parliamentary
Berlin, 2016[16] 295 0.0 #21
0 / 160
- Extra-parliamentary
North Rhine-Westphalia, 2017[17] 13,288 0.2 #10
0 / 199
- Extra-parliamentary
Lower Saxony, 2017[18] 4,042 0.1 #14
0 / 137
- Extra-parliamentary
Bavaria, 2018 211,748 1.6 #9
0 / 200
- Extra-parliamentary
Hesse, 2018 7,530 0.3 #11
0 / 110
- Extra-parliamentary

External links


  1. ^ ÖDP Branch addresses and contacts
  2. ^ "Chronik der ÖDP nach Jahren".
  3. ^ Bert Klandermans,; Nonna Mayer (16 November 2005). Extreme Right Activists in Europe: Through the Magnifying Glass. Routledge. p. 171–. ISBN 978-1-134-24546-8.
  4. ^ Günter Buchstab (2010). Die Ära Kohl im Gespräch: eine Zwischenbilanz. Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar. p. 311–. ISBN 978-3-412-20592-8.
  5. ^ Wilhelm Hofmann (2005). Politische Identität - visuell. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 71–. ISBN 978-3-8258-8471-0.
  6. ^ Max Spindler; Alois Schmid (2003). Das neue Bayern: Staat und Politik. C.H.Beck. p. 972–. ISBN 978-3-406-50451-8.
  7. ^ Satzung der Ökologisch-Demokratischen Partei (Bundessatzung) (Statute of the Ecological Democratic Party (Federal Statute)), in German.
  8. ^ "ÖDP Bayern: Mandatsträger". Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-05. Retrieved 2014-11-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Up-to-date list of the MEPs for the new legislative period". Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  11. ^ "ÖDP: Homos raus aus dem Standesamt". Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  12. ^ "ÖDP wählt den Oberfranken Raabs zum neuen Bundesvorsitzenden".
  13. ^ "Bürgerschaftswahl in Hamburg am 15. Februar 2015". (in German). Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  14. ^ "Landtagswahl in Baden-Württemberg am 13. März 2016". (in German). Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  15. ^ "Landtagswahl in Rheinland-Pfalz am 13. März 2016". (in German). Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  16. ^ "Abgeordnetenhauswahl in Berlin am 18. September 2016". (in German). Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  17. ^ "Landtagswahl am 14. Mai 2017 in Nordrhein-Westfalen". (in German). Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  18. ^ "Election results PDF" (PDF) (in German). 15 October 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
1983 West German federal election

Federal elections were held in West Germany on 6 March 1983 to elect the members of the 10th Bundestag. The CDU/CSU alliance led by Helmut Kohl remained the largest faction in parliament, with Kohl remaining Chancellor.

1987 West German federal election

Federal elections were held in West Germany on 25 January 1987 to elect the members of the 11th Bundestag. This was the last federal election held in West Germany prior to German reunification.

1998 Bavarian state election

The Bavaria state election, 1998, was conducted on 13 September 1998, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Bavaria.

2002 German federal election

Federal elections were held in Germany on 22 September 2002 to elect the members of the 15th Bundestag. Chancellor Gerhard Schröder's centre-left "red-green" governing coalition retained a narrow majority.

2013 Bavarian state election

The 2013 Bavarian state election was held on 15 September 2013 to elect the 180 members of the 17th Landtag of Bavaria. It was held one week before the 2013 German federal election. The CSU won an absolute majority, while the FDP, a coalition party in the outgoing Bavarian government, did not receive enough votes to enter the new parliament.

2014 European Parliament election in Germany

The European Parliament election, 2014 was held on 25 May 2014 in Germany.

Under the Lisbon Treaty, Germany lost three seats and elected 96 members of the European Parliament, instead of the previous 99.

2017 Lower Saxony state election

A state election was held on 15 October 2017 to elect the 18th Landtag of Lower Saxony.

Following the 2013 state election, the SPD and Greens formed a coalition with a one-seat majority in the Landtag. After Elke Twesten of the Greens defected to the CDU on 4 August 2017, the coalition was deprived of its majority, prompting Prime Minister Stephan Weil to call for an early election on 15 October.

Bavarian Senate

The Bavarian Senate (German Bayerischer Senat) was the corporative upper chamber of Bavaria's parliamentary system from 1946 to 1999, when it was abolished by a popular vote (referendum) changing the constitution of this State of the German federation.

Bernd Richter

Bernhard "Bernd" Richter (born 3 April 1943 in Prague) is a German politician and retired Oberstudienrat.

From 1993 until 1995 Richter was the leader of the ödp, or Ecological Democratic Party.

Born in Prague, he currently lives in the Black Forest town Schramberg.

Cloppenburg – Vechta

Cloppenburg – Vechta is one of the 299 single member constituencies used for the German parliament, the Bundestag. Located in Lower Saxony, the district was created for the 1949 election, the first election in West Germany after World War II. It elects one representative under the mixed member proportional representation (MMP) system. Under the current constituency numbering system, it is designated as constituency 32. It consists of the counties of Cloppenburg and Vechta.Since its creation the constituency has been a stronghold of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), who have received at least 62% of the vote at every election since the 1950s.

Die Friesen

Die Friesen (German; English: The Frisians, West Frisian: Do Fräisen, Low German: De Freesen) is a regionalist political party in the state of Lower Saxony in Germany, seeking to promote the interests of the Frisian minority ethnic group in Germany.The party seeks self-determination. Their political policies include: the introduction of Low German as a compulsory subject in schools.Die Friesen is a member of the European Free Alliance.

Felix Leinen

Felix Leinen (born 15 May 1957) is a German professor, mathematician and politician of the Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP.)

Klaus Buchner

Klaus Buchner is a university professor, physicist, and an MEP for the green-conservative Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP). He has represented the European Parliament Germany constituency since 2014. He sits with the Greens–European Free Alliance group in the European Parliament. He was Leader of the ÖDP from 2003 to 2010.

Landtag of Bavaria

The Landtag of Bavaria (State Diet of Bavaria) is the unicameral legislature of the state of Bavaria in Germany. The parliament meets in the Maximilianeum in Munich.

Elections to the Landtag are held every five years and have to be conducted on a Sunday or public holiday. The following elections have to be held no earlier than 59 months and no later than 62 months after the previous one, unless the Landtag is dissolved.

The most recent elections to the Bavarian Landtag were held on 14 October 2018.


Memmingen is a town in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is the economic, educational and administrative centre of the Danube-Iller region. To the west the town is flanked by the Iller, the river that marks the Baden-Württemberg border. To the north, east and south the town is surrounded by the district of Unterallgäu (Lower Allgäu).

With about 42,000 inhabitants, Memmingen is the 5th biggest town in the administrative region of Swabia. The origins of the town go back to the Roman Empire. The old town, with its many courtyards, castles and patricians' houses, palaces and fortifications is one of the best preserved in southern Germany. With good transport links by road, rail and air, it is the transport hub for Upper and Central Swabia, and the Allgäu.

Due to its proximity to the Allgäu region, Memmingen is often called the Gateway to the Allgäu (Tor zum Allgäu). The town motto is Memmingen – Stadt mit Perspektiven ("Memmingen - a town with perspectives"). In recent times it has been frequently referred to as Memmingen – Stadt der Menschenrechte (Memmingen - the town of human rights). This alludes to the Twelve Articles, considered to be the first written set of human rights in Europe, which were penned in Memmingen in 1525. Every four years there is the Wallensteinfestspiel, with about 4,500 participants, the biggest historical reenactment in Europe. It commemorates the invasion of Wallenstein and his troops in 1630.


Pfreimd is a town in the district of Schwandorf, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated on the river Naab, 19 km north of Schwandorf, and 20 km south of Weiden in der Oberpfalz. It is also close to the border to the Czech Republic.

Socialist Equality Party (Germany)

The Party for Social Equality, Section of the Fourth International (German: Partei für Soziale Gleichheit, Sektion der Vierten Internationale, PSG) is a Trotskyist minor political party in Germany. It was founded in 1997 as successor to the Federation of Socialist Workers (Bund Sozialistischer Arbeiter). On 18-19 February 2017, the party renamed itself Socialist Equality Party (German: Sozialistische Gleichheitspartei).The party sees itself as the German section of the Fourth International in the tradition of Leon Trotsky. The international umbrella group of the party is the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). It has contacts to other member parties of the ICFI in England, the US, Sri Lanka, France, Canada and Australia.

The PSG is critical of trade unions, social democrats and former Stalinist organisations. Since they are based on the nation state these organisations have, according to the PSG, lost every opportunity to act for the working class during the times of globalisation and the crisis of capitalism. Since they do not question the capitalist system itself they are moving further to the right in times of crises. The party on the contrary wants to build an internationalist, socialist workers' movement.

Ursula Haverbeck

Ursula Hedwig Meta Haverbeck-Wetzel (born 8 November 1928) is a German author from Vlotho, Germany. Since 2004, she has also been the subject of lawsuits due to her Holocaust denial, which in Germany is a criminal offense.

Her husband was Werner Georg Haverbeck, who during the Nazi period was temporarily engaged in the national leadership of the Nazi Party, founder and director in 1933 of the German Imperial Federation of Nation and Homeland, as well as writer and publisher, historian, folklorist and parson of The Christian Community. From 1982 he was also on the Scientific Advisory Board of the Ecological-Democratic Party (ÖDP) and party member.

In November 2015, at the age of 87, she was sentenced to ten months' imprisonment for Holocaust denial. Several additional convictions in the fall of 2016 led to further such sentences. She has unsuccessfully appealed all sentences, since 7 May 2018 she is serving her latest 2-year jail sentence after being picked up at her home by German police.

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