Eclipse Park

Eclipse Park was the name of three successive baseball grounds in Louisville, Kentucky in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. They were the home of the Louisville baseball team first known as the Louisville Eclipse and later as the Louisville Colonels.

The unusual name for these ballparks derived from the original name of the Association club, the Eclipse. The more local name "Colonels" eventually won out. Nonetheless, "Eclipse" was among the early team names to be a singular word, despite "sounding like" a plural.

Semi-pro baseball had been played at the first Eclipse Park as early as 1874. The Louisville Eclipse played there from 1882 to 1884. The team was then renamed the Louisville Colonels and continued to play under that name from 1885 to 1893. The team was a member of the American Association until 1891 when it joined the National League when the American Association folded. The park was destroyed by fire on September 27, 1892. The 1893 season started in what was left of the park.

The original park was located at 28th and Elliott streets in west Louisville. The second Eclipse Park was built just south of the original. City directories given the location as 28th Street (east) and Broadway (north). The Louisville Colonels played there from early in the 1893 season until well into the 1899 season. This is the ground at which Hall of Famer Honus Wagner made his Major League debut on July 19, 1897.

The second Eclipse Park was destroyed by fire on August 12, 1899. The club was on a road trip at the time. They returned to a partially-rebuilt park ten days later, but the stands were inadequate and the club played the final month as a road team.

The fire contributed significantly to the once-strong Louisville club being contracted after the end of the season. Team owner Barney Dreyfuss moved on to acquire the Pittsburgh Pirates. Instead of being scattered to the wind, the best players from the Louisville team roster were brought onto the Pittsburgh payroll, including Wagner, third baseman Tommy Leach, outfielder-manager Fred Clarke, and ace right-hander Deacon Phillippe. This influx of talent soon turned the perennial cellar-dwelling Pirates into a three-peat pennant winner, and a participant in the first modern World Series.

After a one-year absence of professional ball, a Louisville Colonels entry in the Western Association opened at the remnants of the park in 1901. The club drew poorly and transferred to Grand Rapids, Michigan near the end of June.

The third and last Eclipse Park was built on a block bounded by 7th Street (east); Kentucky Street (south); 8th Street (west); and Florence Place (north) in the Limerick neighborhood of Louisville. This ballpark was built by George "White Wings" Tebeau as the home for the American Association minor league Louisville Colonels who played there from 1902 through 1922.

The final Eclipse Park had better luck than the first two, remaining in operation for more than twenty years, until it too was destroyed by fire, on November 21, 1922.

All three Eclipse Park locations had been destroyed by fire of various origins. The Louisville Courier-Journal covered each of these events in the days following. After the 1922 fire, the paper editorialized that wooden ballparks were obsolete and should be replaced by steel and concrete. The ball club followed that advice, opening Parkway Field the following spring.

Eclipse Park
Former namesEclipse Park I (c.1874–1893)
Eclipse Park II (1893–1899)
Eclipse Park III (1902–1922)
Location28th and Elliott streets (I)
28th and Broadway (II)
7th and Kentucky (III)
Louisville, Kentucky
Louisville Eclipse (MLB) (1882–1884)
Louisville Colonels (MLB) (1885–1899)
Louisville Colonels (MiLB) (1902–1922)
Louisville Breckenridges Club (Ind) (c.1899–1906)
Louisville Breckenridges (Ind./NFL) (1907–1922)
Louisville Cardinals (NCAA) (1909–1912, 1920–1922)

See also


  • Green Cathedrals, by Phil Lowry
  • Ballparks of North America, by Michael Benson

External links

Coordinates: 38°14′26″N 85°45′54″W / 38.2405°N 85.76496°W

1883 Louisville Eclipse season

The 1883 Louisville Eclipse season was a season in American baseball. The team finished with a 52–45 record, fifth place in the American Association.

1890 World Series

The 1890 World Series was an end-of-the-year baseball playoff series between the National League champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms (later known as the Dodgers) and the American Association champion Louisville Colonels.

This Series was part of the pre-modern-era World Series, an annual competition between the champions of the National League and the American Association. The best-of-7 games Series ended without resolution. Each club won 3 games, with 1 game ending in a tie.

After losing the 1889 World Series to their "cross-town" rivals, the New York Giants (Brooklyn was actually a separate city until 1898), the Bridegrooms came back strong and won the National League pennant in 1890, the first major league club to win consecutive pennants in two different leagues (the only other being the Boston Reds (1890–91)).

The major league world was in turmoil in 1890, as many of the best players had jumped to an outlaw organization called the Players' League. Although the Brotherhood only lasted the one season, it had a detrimental financial effect on the other two leagues, especially the Association.

Although the Boston Reds of the Players' League were probably the best team in the majors, and had floated the idea of a three-way World Series, the established leagues ignored them and made arrangements for the usual NL-AA contest, this time to be a conventional best-4-of-7 Series.

The games were held at the Bridegrooms' home field, Washington Park, and the Colonels' home field, Eclipse Park. The first four were played in Louisville (including a tie in Game 3), and the remainder of the Series was scheduled for Brooklyn.

The Series commenced on October 17 and concluded on October 28. The weather had become progressively worse as the Series wore on, and prior to Game 7, the two managers agreed that this would be the final game, and if Louisville won the game to square the Series at 3–3–1 (which they did), that there would be a deciding championship game the following spring.

Game 1, October 17, at Louisville – Brooklyn 9, Louisville 0 (8 innings)

Game 2, October 18, at Louisville – Brooklyn 5, Louisville 3

Game 3, October 20, at Louisville – Brooklyn 7, Louisville 7 (8 innings – tied)

Game 4, October 21, at Louisville – Louisville 5, Brooklyn 4

Game 5, October 25, at Brooklyn – Brooklyn 7, Louisville 2

Game 6, October 27, at Brooklyn – Louisville 9, Brooklyn 8

Game 7, October 28, at Brooklyn – Louisville 6, Brooklyn 2Unfortunately for that plan, the championship game was never held. Disputes arose between the National League and the American Association during the winter about the redistribution of players following the dissolution of the Players' League. The Association ended its relationship with the League before the spring of 1891, so the anticipated championship game was canceled, and no World Series was held in 1891. The 1891 pennant winners would be the Boston Beaneaters of the NL and the Boston Reds of the AA, who had joined the Association from the Players' League. This would turn out to be the only time two Boston clubs would win their respective league championships. It would also turn out to be the second (and last) time that a club won pennants in consecutive years in different leagues.

Following the 1891 season, the Association folded, and four clubs were brought into the League. The League would attempt a championships series during the 1890s called the Temple Cup Series, which would prove to be better organized and better attended than the NL-AA contests, and would help pave the way to the modern World Series that would begin in 1903.

1918 Camp Hancock football team

The 1918 Camp Hancock football team represented Camp Hancock during the 1918 college football season.

The 66 points scored on Clemson remained the highest total scored on a Clemson team until 1931 and remains the third-highest total ever allowed by Clemson.

1921 Louisville Brecks season

The 1921 Louisville Brecks season was their inaugural season in the National Football League. The team finished 0–2 against league teams, and tied for eighteenth place in the league.

American Association (19th century)

The American Association (AA) was a professional baseball league that existed for 10 seasons from 1882 to 1891. Together with the National League (NL), founded in 1876, the AA participated in an early version of the World Series seven times versus the champion of the NL in an interleague championship playoff tournament. At the end of its run, several AA franchises joined the NL. After 1891, the NL existed alone, with each season's champions being awarded the prized Temple Cup (1894-1897).

During its existence, the AA was often simply referred to as "the Association" in the media, in contrast to the NL, which was sometimes called "the League".

Eclipse Park (Milwaukee)

Eclipse Park, also known as Milwaukee Base-Ball Grounds, is a former baseball ground located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. The ground was home to the Milwaukee Grays of the National League during the 1878 season. The first game was played on May 14 and the last on September 14.

The ballpark was on the block bounded by West Clybourn Street, West Michigan Street, North Tenth Street, and North Eleventh Street. Like another baseball stadium which succeeded it in Milwaukee, Borchert Field, the ballpark's site now contains Interstate 43, along with the northern quadrant of the Marquette Interchange.

Gallagher Group (UK)

Gallagher Group started as a civil engineering and groundworks contractor. Then operated civil engineering, property development, 'design and build' contracting and quarrying businesses.

List of Cleveland Spiders Opening Day starting pitchers

The Cleveland Spiders were a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise that were based in Cleveland, Ohio and played from 1887 to 1899. The team played in the American Association as the Cleveland Blues in 1887 and 1888, and in the National League as the Cleveland Spiders from 1889 to 1899. The Spiders used eight Opening Day starting pitchers in their 13 years as a Major League franchise. The first game of the new baseball season is played on Opening Day, and being named the starter that day is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Spiders had a record of 2 wins and 11 losses in their Opening Day games. They never played an Opening Day game at home.

The first game in franchise history was played on April 16, 1887 against the Cincinnati Reds at League Park in Cincinnati. George Pechiney was the team's Opening Day starting pitcher that day, against the team he played for the previous two years. The team, then known as the Blues, lost the game 16–6. The team's first game in the National League was played on April 24, 1889 against the Indianapolis Hoosiers at Seventh Street Park in Indianapolis. Jersey Bakley was the Spiders' Opening Day starting pitcher for that game, which the Spiders lost 10–3. The last Opening Day game for the Spiders was played on April 15, 1899 against the St. Louis Perfectos at Robison Field in St. Louis. Willie Sudhoff was the team's Opening Day starting pitcher for that game, which the Spiders lost 10–1.Baseball Hall of Famer Cy Young was the Spiders' Opening Day starting pitcher six times – in 1891, 1893, 1894, 1896, 1897 and 1898. He was the only pitcher to have more than one Opening Day start for the franchise. Young, who is the Major League Baseball record holder for most career wins, is the only Opening Day starting pitcher to start a game in which they won, in both 1891 and 1893. The Spiders lost Young's other four Opening Day starts, as well as every Opening Day game started by other pitchers.

List of Louisville Colonels Opening Day starting pitchers

The Louisville Colonels were a Major League Baseball team that played from 1882 to 1899 and were based in Louisville, Kentucky. The team played in the American Association from 1882 to 1891 and in the National League from 1892 to 1899. The team was known as the Louisville Eclipse from 1882 to 1884. The Colonels used 11 Opening Day starting pitchers in their 18 years as a Major League franchise. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Colonels had a record of 10 wins and 8 losses in their Opening Day games.

The first game in Colonels' history was played on May 2, 1882 against the St. Louis Browns, now known as the St. Louis Cardinals. Tony Mullane was the Opening Day starting pitcher for the Colonels in that game, which the Colonels lost by a score of 9–7. The Colonels' last Opening Day game was on April 14, 1899 against the Chicago Orphans, now known as the Chicago Cubs. Bert Cunningham was the Colonels' Opening Day starting pitcher for that game, which the Colonels lost by a score of 15–1.Five pitchers made multiple Opening Day starts for the Colonels. Guy Hecker had the most Opening Day starts for the Colonels, with four, starting in every Opening Day game from 1883 through 1886. Toad Ramsey, Scott Stratton, Chick Fraser and Cunningham each made two Opening Day starts for the team. After making the Opening Day start in 1884, Hecker went on to achieve what is now known as the pitching Triple Crown by leading the American Association in wins, with 52, strikeouts, with 385, and earned run average, with 1.80. Hecker's 52 wins that season are 3rd all time among Major League Baseball pitchers. No Baseball Hall of Famers made Opening Day starts for the Colonels. However, as of 2011, Mullane's 284 career wins ranked 3rd among eligible pitchers who have not been inducted to the Hall of Fame, behind just Bobby Mathews and Tommy John.The Colonels won one American Association championship, in 1890. That year, they played in the 19th century version of the World Series against the National League champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms, now known as the Los Angeles Dodgers, in a series that ended in a tie. Stratton was the Colonels' Opening Day starting pitcher that season, in a game the Colonels lost to the Browns 11–8.

List of St. Louis Cardinals Opening Day starting pitchers

The St. Louis Cardinals are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri. They play in the National League Central division. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. As of 2008, The Cardinals have used 71 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 128 seasons. Since the franchise's beginning in 1882, the starters have a combined Opening Day record of 70 wins, 57 losses (70–57), and 22 no decisions. No decisions are only awarded to the starting pitcher if the game is won or lost after the starting pitcher has left the game. Although in modern baseball, ties are rare due to extra innings.

Bob Gibson holds the Cardinals record for most Opening Day starts with ten.

List of baseball parks in Louisville, Kentucky

This is a list of venues used for professional baseball in Louisville, Kentucky. The information is a compilation of the information contained in the references listed.

Louisville Baseball Park

Occupant: Louisville Grays NL 1876–1877

Location: 4th Street (east, first base); Hill Street (south, third base); 6th Street (west, left field); Magnolia Avenue (north, right field)

Currently: St. James CourtEclipse Park (I)


semi-pro teams starting about 1874

Louisville Eclipse AA (1882–1892), NL (1992–early 1893)

Location: 28th Street (east); Elliott Street (south); 29th Street (west); Magazine Street (north)

Currently: Elliott Park, a public parkEclipse Park (II)


Louisville Colonels – NL (early 1893-1899)

Louisville Colonels – Western Association (1901 - partial season)

Location: 28th Street (east); Broadway (north) – just south of Eclipse Park (I)

Currently: Commercial buildingsEclipse Park (III)

Occupant: Louisville Colonels – American Association (1902–1922)

Location: 7th Street (east, right field); West Kentucky Street (south, first base); 8th Street (west, third base); Florence (now Garland) (north, left field)

Currently: ResidentialParkway Field


Louisville Colonels – AA (1923–1956)

University of Louisville

Location: Eastern Parkway (north, left field); Brook Street (east, right field); part of the University of Louisville campus

Currently: athletic fieldCardinal Stadium aka Fairgrounds Stadium


Louisville Colonels – AA (1957–1962)

Louisville Colonels – IL (1968–1972)

Louisville Redbirds/Riverbats – AA (1982–1998), IL (1999)

University of Louisville

Location: 937 Phillips Lane – Freedom Hall and Phillips Lane (south, home plate); Fairgrounds Road and I-65 (east, right/center field); Fairgrounds road and Crittenden Drive (west, left field) – part of Kentucky Exposition Center

Currently: awaiting demolitionLouisville Slugger Field

Occupant: Louisville Riverbats/Bats – IL (2000–present)

Location: 401 East Main Street – Main Street (south, home plate); Preston Street (west, left field); Witherspoon Street and I-64 (north, center field); parking lot and I-65 (east, right field)

List of former Major League Baseball stadiums

The following is a list of ballparks previously used by professional baseball teams.

In addition to the current National (NL) and American (AL) leagues, Major League Baseball recognizes four short-lived other leagues as "major" for at least some portion of their histories; three of them played only in the 19th century, while a fourth played two years in the 1910s. These leagues are the American Association (AA), 1882–1891; the Union Association (UA), 1884; the Players' League (PL), 1890; and the Federal League (FL), 1914–1915. This list includes all ballparks that served as regular home fields for teams throughout all six circuits' histories as major leagues.

Although they arguably represented a top-flight quality of play at times, the 19th century National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NA) and the various 20th century Negro leagues are not considered by MLB to have been "major leagues".

All playing fields are natural grass unless otherwise noted.

Louisville (NFL)

Louisville, Kentucky had two professional American football teams in the National Football League: the Louisville Breckenridges (or Brecks for short) from 1921 to 1924 and the Louisville Colonels in 1926.

The NFL intended for the Brecks to be a traveling team, however the team played a series of "home" games. All Brecks home games were played at Eclipse Park, until the stadium caught fire and burned to the ground on November 20, 1922. Meanwhile, the Colonels played all of their games on the road. While the Colonels were really a traveling team out of Chicago they are usually accepted as a continuation of the Brecks franchise.

Louisville Colonels

The Louisville Colonels were a Major League Baseball team that played in the American Association (AA) throughout that league's ten-year existence from 1882 until 1891. They were known as the Louisville Eclipse from 1882 to 1884, and as the Louisville Colonels from 1885 to 1891. The latter name derived from the historic Kentucky colonels. After the AA folded in 1891, the Colonels joined the National League and played through the 1899 season. Until the Montreal Expos relocated to Washington in 2004, Louisville was the last city to lose a Major League Baseball franchise and not have another franchise eventually replace it.

"Colonels" was also the name of several minor league baseball teams that played in Louisville, Kentucky, in the 20th century.

Mac MacArthur

Malcolm M. MacArthur (January 19, 1862 – October 18, 1932) was a Scottish professional baseball player, who played for the Indianapolis Hoosiers of the American Association from May 2, 1884 to June 9, 1884. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, and is one of only nine individuals in Major League Baseball history to be a Scottish native. MacArthur was a starting pitcher for six games with the Hoosiers, completed each game, and had a win–loss record of 1–5 in 52 innings pitched. In those six starts, he gave up 49 runs, 29 of them were earned, on 57 hits, and had 21 walks, and hit two batsmen. He had his only major league victory, and 8–2 defeat of the Louisville Colonels on May 9 at Eclipse Park in Louisville, Kentucky.Before his time with the Hoosiers, he had played professionally for the East Saginaw Grays of the Northwestern League in 1883. After his departure from the Hoosiers, he finished the 1884 season the Minneapolis Millers, also of the Northwestern league. He also played minor league baseball with the Syracuse Stars of the New York State League in 1885, the Toledo Avengers of the Western League in 1885, the Hamilton Clippers of the International Association in 1886, the Savannah team of the Southern Association in 1887, the Detroit Wolverines of the International Association in 1889, and the Lansing team of the Michigan State League in 1889.MacArthur died at the age of 70 in Detroit, Michigan, and is interred at Elmwood Cemetery.

Milwaukee Grays

The Milwaukee Grays were a short-lived baseball team that spent one year, 1878, in the National League.

The team was part of the League Alliance, loosely affiliated with the National League, in 1877. It won 19 games and lost 13 (including a 10-7 loss to the Chicago White Stockings of the NL), ending up in fourth place. "The team's sharp style and strong hometown support won them a National League berth in 1878."They won 15 games and lost 45 in 1878, finishing sixth and last in the league. Their home games were played at Eclipse Park II.

The Grays were managed by former major league right fielder Jack Chapman, whose nickname was "Death to Flying Things." Their best hitter was left fielder Abner Dalrymple, who led the team in batting average (.354), slugging percentage (.421), runs (52), and doubles (10). Their top pitcher was Sam Weaver, who was only 12-31 but had the fourth-best ERA in the league, a very low 1.95.

Prophetstown, Illinois

Prophetstown is a city in Whiteside County, Illinois, United States. The population was 2,080 at the 2010 census, up from 2,023 in 2000.

Sports in Louisville, Kentucky

Sports in Louisville, Kentucky include amateur and professional sports in baseball, football, horse racing, horse shows, ice hockey, soccer and lacrosse. The city of Louisville and the Louisville metropolitan area have a sporting history from the mid-19th century to the present day.

The Franchise
Defunct stadiums of the National Football League
Early era:
Merger era:
Current era:
used by
NFL teams
Rivalries & tournaments

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