Ebrington Barracks

Ebrington Barracks was a military installation on the east bank of the River Foyle in Derry, Northern Ireland.

Ebrington Barracks
Derry, Northern Ireland
Ebrington Barracks from the Ulsterbus Station - geograph.org.uk - 1517634
Ebrington Barracks
Ebrington Barracks is located in Northern Ireland
Ebrington Barracks
Ebrington Barracks
Location within Northern Ireland
Coordinates54°59′54″N 7°18′39″W / 54.99834°N 7.31083°WCoordinates: 54°59′54″N 7°18′39″W / 54.99834°N 7.31083°W
TypeBarracks
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
Operator British Army
Site history
Built1841
In use1841-2002
Garrison information
Occupants8 Infantry Brigade

History

The present barracks, named after Hugh Fortescue, Viscount Ebrington (later Earl Fortescue), were built on the site in 1841.[1]

First World War

At the start of the First World War, the barracks were occupied by 1st Battalion Cheshire Regiment who proceeded to France with the Expeditionary Force and landed at le Havre on 16 August 1914.[2]

Second World War

At the start of the Second World War the barracks were home to 2nd Battalion, the South Wales Borderers, before they were mobilised.[3] During the latter part of the War part of the base was handed over to Royal Navy to become HMS Ferret.[1] Munitions were stored at NAD Kilnappy and fuel at a fuel farm at Lisahally.[4]

The Troubles

During the Troubles the barracks were the base of 8 Infantry Brigade.[5] In April 2000 the Real Irish Republican Army lowered a device consisting of 5 lb of homemade explosives over the perimeter fence using ropes, and the bomb subsequently exploded damaging the fence and the guardhouse.[6] Then in January 2001 the Real Irish Republican Army were responsible for a mortar attack on the barracks: one mortar landed inside the perimeter fence of the base after being fired from a parked van but no one was injured.[7]

Closure and redevelopment

The barracks were closed when 8 Infantry Brigade moved to Shackleton Barracks in 2003 and the area in front of the barracks was redeveloped as Ebrington Square in 2011.[1] The Peace Bridge, built across the River Foyle between the main part of the City on the West and Ebrington Square on the East, was opened in June 2011.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Londonderry turns swords into ploughshares". Straight Arts. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  2. ^ "1st Battalion, Cheshire Regiment". Wartime Memories. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Complement of British Army Personnel in Northern Ireland". Second World War in Northern Ireland. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  4. ^ "History of Port" (PDF). Londonderry Port. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Gold Star" (PDF). Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Bombing blamed on dissidents". BBC. 6 April 2000. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Dissident Republicans blamed for mortar attack". RTÉ. 23 January 2001. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Turner Prize 2013, Ebrington Barracks, Derry-Londonderry". The Arts Desk. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
1988 Lisburn van bombing

On 15 June 1988 an unmarked military van carrying six British Army soldiers was blown up by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) at Market Place in Lisburn, Northern Ireland. The explosion took place at the end of a charity marathon run in which the soldiers had participated. All six soldiers were killed in the attack – four outright, one on his way to hospital and another later on in hospital.

Lisburn is the headquarters of the British Army in Northern Ireland. Four of the dead were from the Royal Corps of Signals regiment whilst the other two were from the Green Howards and Royal Army Ordnance Corps regiments respectively. A booby-trap bomb was hidden under the Ford Transit van in which the soldiers were travelling, and was designed in such a way that the blast went upwards to cause maximum damage to the vehicle. Eleven civilian bystanders were injured, including a two-year-old child and 80-year-old man.

The bombing is sometimes referred to as the Lisburn "Fun Run" bombing.

5th Battalion, Ulster Defence Regiment

5th (County Londonderry) Battalion, Ulster Defence Regiment (5 UDR) was formed in 1970 as part of the seven original battalions specified in The Ulster Defence Regiment Act 1969, which received Royal Assent on 18 December 1969 and was brought into force on 1 January 1970. It was, along with the rest of the regiment, amalgamated with the Royal Irish Rangers in 1992 to form the Royal Irish Regiment.

8th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 8th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II before being disbanded and reactivated in the 1960s, finally being disbanded in 2006. It was formed before the First World War as part of the 3rd Division. As part of that division it spent the entire war on the Western Front from 1914 to 1918 in the First World War. The brigade was also active during the Second World War.

Bloody Sunday (1972)

Bloody Sunday, sometimes called the Bogside Massacre, was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, when British soldiers shot 28 unarmed civilians during a protest march against internment. Fourteen people died: thirteen were killed outright, while the death of another man four months later was attributed to his injuries. Many of the victims were shot while fleeing from the soldiers and some were shot while trying to help the wounded. Other protesters were injured by rubber bullets or batons, and two were run down by army vehicles. The march had been organised by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA). The soldiers involved were members of the 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment, also known as "1 Para".Two investigations have been held by the British government. The Widgery Tribunal, held in the immediate aftermath of the incident, largely cleared the soldiers and British authorities of blame. It described the soldiers' shooting as "bordering on the reckless", but accepted their claims that they shot at gunmen and bomb-throwers. The report was widely criticised as a "whitewash". The Saville Inquiry, chaired by Lord Saville of Newdigate, was established in 1998 to reinvestigate the incident. Following a 12-year inquiry, Saville's report was made public in 2010 and concluded that the killings were both "unjustified" and "unjustifiable". It found that all of those shot were unarmed, that none was posing a serious threat, that no bombs were thrown, and that soldiers "knowingly put forward false accounts" to justify their firing. On the publication of the report, British prime minister David Cameron made a formal apology on behalf of the United Kingdom. Following this, police began a murder investigation into the killings.

Bloody Sunday was one of the most significant events of "the Troubles" because a large number of civilians were killed, by forces of the state, in full view of the public and the press. It was the highest number of people killed in a single shooting incident during the conflict. Bloody Sunday increased Catholic and Irish nationalist hostility towards the British Army and exacerbated the conflict. Support for the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) rose and there was a surge of recruitment into the organisation, especially locally.

Charles McGuinness

Charles John 'Nomad' McGuinness (6 March 1893 – 7 December 1947) was an Irish adventurer, author, and sailor supposed to have been involved with a myriad of acts of patriotism and nomadic impulses. His history is shrouded in myths and mystery, making many of its details' authority questionable.

Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions (1980–89)

This is a chronology of activities by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) from 1980 to 1989. For actions before and after this period see Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions.

Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions (1990–99)

This is a chronology of activities by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA), from 1990 to 1999. For actions before and after this period see Chronology of Provisional Irish Republican Army actions.

Dorset Regiment

The Dorset Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958, being the county regiment of Dorset. Until 1951, it was formally called the Dorsetshire Regiment, although usually known as "The Dorsets". In 1958, after service in the Second Boer War along with World War I and World War II, the Dorset Regiment was amalgamated with the Devonshire Regiment to form the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment. In 2007, it was amalgamated with the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment, The Light Infantry and the Royal Green Jackets to form a new large regiment, The Rifles.

Ebrington Square

Ebrington Square is a public space and tourist attraction in Derry, Northern Ireland built upon the former army parade ground at Ebrington Barracks. Although located in the Waterside area of Derry, it is connected to the city centre on the west bank of the River Foyle via the Peace Bridge. The square opened on 14 February 2012 after a period of regeneration and hosted a number of events during the city's time as UK City of Culture in 2013.To the west of the square, adjoining the river, is Mute Meadow, an art installation comprising 40 pairs of columns, created by Turner Prize nominee Vong Phaophanit and Claire Oboussier. At night the columns are illuminated with colours from the palette of the stained-glass used in the Guildhall windows. The changing sequence of colours is guided by a compendium of city sounds. The project has been designed to allow the public to become engaged by uploading sounds themselves.

Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany

Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany (; 24 July 1878 – 25 October 1957), was an Anglo-Irish writer and dramatist; his work, mostly in the fantasy genre, was published under the name Lord Dunsany. More than ninety books of his work were published in his lifetime, and both original work and compilations have continued to appear. Dunsany's œuvre includes many hundreds of published short stories, as well as plays, novels and essays. He achieved great fame and success with his early short stories and plays, and during the 1910s was considered one of the greatest living writers of the English-speaking world; he is today best known for his 1924 fantasy novel The King of Elfland's Daughter.

Born and raised in London, to the second-oldest title (created 1439) in the Irish peerage, Dunsany lived much of his life at what may be Ireland's longest-inhabited house, Dunsany Castle near Tara, worked with W. B. Yeats and Lady Gregory, received an honorary doctorate from Trinity College, Dublin, was chess and pistol-shooting champion of Ireland, and travelled and hunted extensively. He died in Dublin after an attack of appendicitis.

HMS Ferret (shore establishment 1940)

HMS Ferret was a shore establishment and naval base of the Royal Navy during the Second World War, located in Derry. It was given a ship's name as a stone frigate.

List of star forts

This is a list of star forts.

Magee College

Ulster University, Magee campus is located in Derry, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland. It opened in 1865 as a Presbyterian Christian arts and theological college. Since 1953, it has had no religious affiliation and provides a broad range of undergraduate and postgraduate academic degree programmes in disciplines ranging from business, law, social work, creative arts & technologies, cinematic arts, design, computer science and computer games to psychology and nursing.

Manus Canning

Manus Canning (died 16 March 2018) was an Irish republican politician and paramilitary.

Born in Derry, Canning spent time in Gweedore practising the Irish language before working in London for a few years in the late 1940s. He had returned to Derry by April 1951, when he secretly attached the flag of Ireland to the top of Walker's Pillar in the city. He joined the Irish Republican Army's Derry Unit, which successfully raided the Ebrington Barracks of the British Army. As a result of this experience, Canning was sent to England in 1953, where he, Cathal Goulding and Seán Mac Stíofáin raided the British Officers Training Corps School, obtaining a significant amount of weaponry. However, the three were caught when their vehicle was stopped in London. They received prison sentences of eight years each, which they spent at Wormwood Scrubs.While in prison, Canning stood for Sinn Féin in Londonderry at the 1955 general election, taking 35.5% of the vote. He stood again in 1959, when the party attempted a public campaign on his behalf, but he took only 27% of the vote. He also taught Mac Stíofáin to speak Irish. On release, he was sent by the IRA to Germany and Austria to source ammunition for future attacks.In 1960, Canning moved to New York City to work for a publishing company. At the request of the IRA, he and Vincent Conlon assumed the leadership of Clan na Gael in the hope of raising additional funds for the IRA, although this had little immediate effect.While in New York, Canning spent time with Brendan Behan, and in 1964 met Naoko, the couple later marrying and moving back to Derry. He died in the city in March 2018.

Real Irish Republican Army

The Real Irish Republican Army or Real IRA (RIRA), also called the New IRA (NIRA) since 2012, is a dissident Irish republican paramilitary group and internationally-designated terrorist organization which aims to bring about a united Ireland. It formed in 1997 following a split in the Provisional IRA by dissident members, who rejected the IRA's ceasefire that year. Like the Provisional IRA before it, the RIRA sees itself as the only rightful successor to the original Irish Republican Army and styles itself as "the Real Irish Republican Army" in English or Óglaigh na hÉireann in Irish. It is an illegal organisation in the Republic of Ireland and designated as proscribed terrorist organisation in the United Kingdom and the United States.

Since its formation, RIRA has waged a campaign in Northern Ireland against the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI)—formerly the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)—and the British Army. The RIRA is the largest and most active of the "dissident republican" paramilitary groups operating against the British security forces since the Provisional IRA signed the Good Friday Agreement in 1998. It has targeted the security forces in gun attacks and bombings, and with grenades, mortars and rockets. The organisation has also been responsible for bombings in Northern Ireland and England with the goal of causing economic harm and/or disruption. The most notable of these was the 1998 Omagh bombing, which killed 29 people. After that bombing the RIRA went on ceasefire, but resumed operations again in 2000. In March 2009 it claimed responsibility for an attack on Massereene Barracks which killed two British soldiers, the first to be killed in Northern Ireland since 1997.

The Real IRA has also been involved in vigilantism, mainly against drug dealers and organised crime gangs. In Dublin in particular it has been accused of extortion and engaging in feuds with these gangs. In July 2012 it was reported that Republican Action Against Drugs (RAAD) and other small republican militant groups were merging with the Real IRA. This new entity was named the New IRA by the media, but members continue to identify themselves as simply "the Irish Republican Army".

Structure of the British Army in 1989

This is the structure of the British Army in 1989.

The original source, though with much modification, can be seen at http://www.microarmormayhem.com/NATO_ORDER_OF_BATTLE_mod_8.doc.

Where details are unclear, the general pattern portrayed in Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company, 1985 has been followed.

The most authoritative source for this type of information available is Ministry of Defence (Army Department), Master Order of Battle, ASD 6500-25, Ministry of Defence, 1991. Also, for United Kingdom Land Forces, HQ UKLF, UKLF ORBAT Review Action Plan," HQ UKLF, 1990.

Anthony Beevor wrote in 1991 that the 'Army's own Cabinet' was the Army Board of the Defence Council. The Executive Committee of the Army Board was responsible for the 'detailed management of the Army.' It included the four military members of the Army Board, including the Chief of the General Staff, General Sir John Chapple in 1989, the Second Permanent Under Secretary, and the Assistant Chief of the General Staff, a major general. The Army Department consisted of four components: the General Staff, the Adjutant General's department, the Military Secretary's department, and the Quartermaster General's department.

Timeline of Real Irish Republican Army actions

This is a timeline of actions by the Real Irish Republican Army, also called the Real IRA, an Irish republican paramilitary group. The group was formed in late 1997 by members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army who disagreed with that organisation's ceasefire.

The Real IRA is the largest and most active of the dissident republican paramilitaries waging a campaign against the British security forces. The other main republican paramilitary groups are the group which calls itself Óglaigh na hÉireann, the Continuity IRA and Arm na Poblachta the newest group. All actions listed took place in Northern Ireland unless stated otherwise.

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