Eberhard Koebel

Eberhard Koebel (also Eberhard Köbel, called tusk [i.e. "the German"]; June 22, 1907–August 31, 1955) was a German youth leader, writer, and publisher.

Eberhard Koebel was born in Stuttgart on June 22, 1907. From the age of 13, in 1920, Koebel was a member of the Wandervogel. Koebel soon became a leader in the movement, inventing the Kohte, a tent design that consists of several smaller canvas panels that are carried by individuals and then assembled when they reach the campsite.

In 1926 Koebel joined the Deutsche Freischar, a fusion of Wandervogel and Scout organizations; a year later, he advocated the formation of a unified German youth association for boys. On November 1, 1929 Koebel established the dj 1.11.. In the beginning secret conspiracy within the Deutsche Freischar to renew and mobilize it, it later broke off, when the leader of the Freischar, Ernst Buske, no longer accepted an organisation within the organisation. As leader of the Jungenschaft Koebel designed the Kohte and a particular jacket, the Jungenschaftsjacke. With these and other elements as songs and writings he created a very influential style within the German Youth Movement. In the spring of 1932, hoping to make a more effective resistance to the Nazis, he resigned as head of DJ 1.11. and joined the Young Communist League and the Communist Party of Germany.

On January 18, 1934, about a year after Hitler's seizure of power, Koebel was arrested for trying to infiltrate the Hitler Youth. After being severely maltreated in custody several times, he was released from Columbia Haus Prison in Berlin at the end of February 1934, and banned from future youth work. During the Night of the Long Knives of June 30, 1934, when Hitler not only purged the Nazi Party of leftists but settled other scores as well, Koebel narrowly missed being murdered by fleeing via Sweden to London. On his travel to Sweden Koebel visited a Scout group of the Sturmtrupp-Pfadfinder, which was led by his university friend Erich Mönch.[1] In England, Koebel kept in contact with the Free German Movement. Koebel returned to Berlin in 1948 and worked as a writer and author in East Germany until his death on August 31, 1955.

Eberhard Koebel
Eberhard Koebel
Eberhard Koebel circa 1930
BornJune 22, 1907
Died31 August 1955 (aged 48)
OccupationYouth leader, writer, publisher, tent designer and Nazi resister.


  1. ^ Büffel (March 2000). "Der Graue Reiter 109". Der Graue Reiter-Bundesschrift der Pfadfinderschaft Grauer Reiter (in German). 109: 27–28.


1907 in Germany

Events in the year 1907 in Germany.

1955 in Germany

Events in the year 1955 in Germany.

Deutsche Freischar

The Deutsche Freischar – Bund der Wandervögel und Pfadfinder (DF) is a German youth organization. Originating from the merger of several small Wandervogel and Scouting groups, it was one of the largest and most important associations of the Bündische Jugend of the Weimar Republic besides the Deutscher Pfadfinderbund and Reichsschaft Deutscher Pfadfinder.

Deutscher Pfadfinderbund

The Deutscher Pfadfinderbund (DPB) (literal translation German Scouting Union) was the first German Scouting association, and the forerunner of the Deutscher Pfadfinderbund (1945). It existed from 1911 until 1933, when it was disbanded by the National Socialists.

Karl-Heinz Gerstner

Karl-Heinz Gerstner (15 November 1912 – 14 December 2005) trained as a lawyer and then worked during the war for the German diplomatic service in Paris. Following the war he was released from internment as a Soviet prisoner of war after producing a number of affidavits testifying to his helpfulness to members of the French Resistance during the course of his time at the German embassy in occupied Paris. He was then able to reinvent himself as an East German journalist.Controversy later emerged, and has persisted, as to the nature and extent of his parallel career as a Stasi informer.


The Kohte [ˈkoːtə] is the typical tent of German Scouting and the German Youth Movement. It has several unusual features, including its distinctive black colour and its design to allow a central fire.

List of Scouting memorials

Since the birth and expansion of the Scout movement in the first decade of the 20th century, many Scouting memorials, monuments and gravesites have been erected throughout the world.

List of people from Stuttgart

The following is a list containing people both born in Stuttgart and notable residents of the city, ordered chronologically.

Ludwigstein Castle

Ludwigstein Castle (German: Burg Ludwigstein) is a 15th-century castle overlooking the river Werra and surrounded by beautiful woodland. It stands southwest of the town of Witzenhausen in North Hesse and can easily be reached by car or train and bus. Founded in 1415 the castle's buildings today were built in the 16th and 20th centuries.

The Wandervogel and German Youth Movement joined its history when they joined together to save the castle. They bought the castle, renovated it, and founded a memorial for the Wandervogel that were killed in the First World War. The group that was founded in 1945 still takes an active part in the history of the castle and in its support.

The castle's youth education centre (Jugendbildungsstätte) offers both daily programs and weekend seminars, ranging from ecological topics to music and political education. Also on site is the Archive of the German Youth Movement with its own library and special collection to be studied.

The castle is today the main centre of the Bündische Jugend and many German Scouting associations. The Archive of the German Youth Movement shelters estates of important persons.

Since a longer time it is an hostel in a beautiful and real ancient ambiance with up to 180 beds and different meetingrooms.

At the official homepage you can find additional informations - in German language only.

Please use the external link "Foundation Jugendburg Ludwigstein".

Knud Ahlborn (1888–1977)

Ellen Gregori (1897–1981)

Eberhard Koebel (1907–1955) founder of 'Deutsche Jungenschaft vom 1.11.1929'

Alexander Lion (1870–1962) founder of first German Scout Organization 'Deutscher Pfadfinderbund'

Karl Otto Paetel (1906–1975)

Gertrud Prellwitz (1869–1942)

Gustav Wyneken (1875–1964)

Scouting and Guiding in Germany

The Scout movement in Germany consists of about 150 different associations and federations with about 260,000 Scouts and Guides.

Werner Krauss (academic)

Werner Krauss (7 June 1900 - 28 August 1976) was a German university professor (Romance studies).During the 1940s he became a political activist. In 1943 he was found guilty of preparing to commit high treason and condemned to death. Following the intervention of influential fellow-intellectuals the sentence was commuted to a five-year prison term in 1944.

White Rose

The White Rose (German: die Weiße Rose) was a non-violent, intellectual resistance group in the Third Reich led by a group of students and a professor at the University of Munich. The group conducted an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign that called for active opposition to the Nazi party regime. Their activities started in Munich on 27 June 1942, and ended with the arrest of the core group by the Gestapo on 18 February 1943. They, as well as other members and supporters of the group who carried on distributing the pamphlets, faced show trials by the Nazi People's Court (Volksgerichtshof), and many of them were sentenced to death or imprisonment.

The group wrote, printed and initially distributed their pamphlets in the greater Munich region. Later on, secret carriers brought copies to other cities, mostly in the southern parts of Germany. In total, the White Rose authored six leaflets, which were multiplied and spread, in a total of about 15,000 copies. They denounced the Nazi regime's crimes and oppression, and called for resistance. In their second leaflet, they openly denounced the persecution and mass murder of the Jews. By the time of their arrest, the members of the White Rose were just about to establish contacts with other German resistance groups like the Kreisau Circle or the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group of the Red Orchestra. Today, the White Rose is well-known both within Germany and worldwide.

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