East Khasi Hills district

East Khasi Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. The district headquarters are located at Shillong. The district occupies an area of 2752 km² and has a population of 824,059 (as of 2011). As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Meghalaya's seven districts.[2]

East Khasi Hills district

Khasi Hills
Location of East Khasi Hills district in Meghalaya
Location of East Khasi Hills district in Meghalaya
CountryIndia
StateMeghalaya
HeadquartersShillong
Government
 • Assembly seats7
Area
 • Total2,752 km2 (1,063 sq mi)
Population
(2011[1])
 • Total824,059
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy85.7%
 • Sex ratio1008
Major highwaysNH-44, NH-40
WebsiteOfficial website

History

The former Khasi Hills district was divided into East and West Khasi Hills districts on 28 October 1976. On June 4, 1992, East Khasi Hills District was further divided into two administrative districts of East Khasi Hills District and Ri-Bhoi District.

Geography

Shillong is the district headquarters of East Khasi Hills District.

East Khasi Hills District forms a central part of Meghalaya and covers a total geographical area of 2,748 km2. It lies approximately between 25°07" & 25°41" N Lat. And 91°21" & 92°09" E Long.

The north of the district is bounded by the plain of Ri-Bhoi District gradually rising to the rolling grasslands of the Shillong Plateau interspersed with river valleys, then falls sharply in the Southern portion forming a deep gorges and ravines in Mawsynram and Shella-Bholaganj, community and rural development block, bordering Bangladesh. The district is bounded by the Jaintia Hills District to the east and the West Khasi Hills District to the west.

The East Khasi Hills District is mostly hilly with deep gorges and ravines on the southern portion. The most important physiographic features of the district is the Shillong Plateau interspersed with river valley, then fall sharply in the southern portion forming deep gorges and ravine in Mawsynram and Shella-Bholaganj bordering Bangladesh. Shillong peak, 10 km from the city, offers a panoramic view of the scenic country side and is also the highest point in the district as well as in the State.

Climate

The climate of the district ranges from temperate in the plateau region to the warmer tropical and sub-tropical pockets on the Northern and Southern regions. The whole of the district is influenced by the south-west monsoon which begins generally from May and continues till September. The weather is humid for the major portion of the year except for the relatively dry spell usually between December and March.

Climate data for Shillong
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 51
(11)
54
(12)
72
(22)
75
(24)
75
(24)
75
(24)
75
(24)
77
(25)
75
(24)
63
(17)
48
(9)
43
(6)
65
(19)
Average low °F (°C) 33
(1)
36
(2)
54
(12)
59
(15)
61
(16)
64
(18)
66
(19)
64
(18)
64
(18)
49
(9)
32
(0)
26
(−3)
51
(10)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 0.0
(1)
0.1
(3)
4.3
(109)
12.3
(312)
23.9
(607)
43.7
(1,111)
45.6
(1,159)
29.2
(741)
21.7
(552)
9.5
(242)
1.0
(25)
0.6
(15)
191.9
(4,877)
Average rainy days 1 2 5 11 15 18 19 16 13 6 2 1 109
Source: http://worldclimateguide.co.uk/climateguides/india/shillong.php

Divisions

Administrative divisions

East Khasi Hills division is divided into eight blocks:[3]

Name Headquarters Population Location
Khatarshnong Laitkroh Mawjrong
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Khatarshnong Laitkroh
Mawkynrew Mawkynrew
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mawkynrew
Mawphlang Mawphlang
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mawphlang
Mawryngkneng Mawryngkneng
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mawryngknang
Mawsynram Mawsynram
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mawsynram
Mylliem Mylliem
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Mylliem
Pynsursla Pynsursla
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Pynsursla
Shella Bholaganj Cherrapunjee
East Khasi Hills Subdivisions Shella Bholaganj

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, East Khasi Hills district has a population of 824,059,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Comoros[4] or the US state of South Dakota.[5] This gives it a ranking of 478th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 292 inhabitants per square kilometre (760/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.68%.[2] East Khasi Hills has a sex ratio of 1008 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 84.7%.[2]

Culture

Places of interest

  • Shillong the headquarters of this district is a beautiful hill station with plenty of tourist attraction all around.
  • Sohra (Cherrapunjee) once the wettest place on the planet also known for its living root bridges and is a popular tourist attraction.
  • Nohkalikai Falls one of the tallest falls in India is located near Sohra (Cherrapunjee).
  • Sweet Falls located in Mawshabuit
  • Nohsngithiang Falls
  • Kynrem Falls
  • Umiam Lake a beautiful artificial lake on the way to Shillong.
  • Mawlynnong village, located in the Pynsursla block, is known for its cleanliness. The travel magazine Discover India declared the village as the cleanest in Asia in 2003, and the cleanest in India in 2005.[6]

Transport

The headquarters of the district, Shillong which is also the capital city of State, is connected to Guwahati and Silchar by NH 44 of 103 km and 240 km respectively. The nearest Rail head and airport are situated at Guwahati. There is an airstrip suitable for small aircraft at Umroi which is 35 km from Shillong. The agricultural and other products are transported by trucks, jeeps and tractors. Shillong is well connected with other parts of the State by motorable road. Similarly, all the block headquarters in the district are also connected by roads. However, the villages in the interior areas are poorly connected and transport services are inadequate.

Gallery

Nohkalikai falls

Noh Kalikai falls near cherrapunjee

Cherrapunji

Highest Rainfall in the world in cherrapunjee

Shillong

Shillong-The District Headquarters

View3 Umiam Lake

Umiam Lake

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2012-09-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (PDF) (Map). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Comoros 794,683 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. South Dakota 814,180
  6. ^ Eco Destination, Department of Tourism, Government of Meghalaya

External links

Coordinates: 25°34′00″N 91°53′00″E / 25.5667°N 91.8833°E

Aibanbha Dohling

Aibanbha Kupar Dohling (born 23 March 1996) is an Indian professional footballer who plays as a defender for Shillong Lajong in the I-League.

Cherrapunji

Cherrapunji ( (listen); with the native name Sohra being more commonly used, and can also be spelled Cherrapunjee or Cherrapunji) is a subdivisional town in the East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is the traditional capital of aNongkhlaw hima (Khasi tribal chieftainship constituting a petty state), both known as Sohra or Churra.

Cherrapunji has often been credited as being the wettest place on Earth, but for now nearby Mawsynram currently holds that distinction. Cherrapunji still holds the all-time record for the most rainfall in a calendar month and in a year, however: it received 9,300 millimetres (370 in; 30.5 ft) in July 1861 and 26,461 millimetres (1,041.8 in; 86.814 ft) between 1 August 1860 and 31 July 1861.

Kynrem Falls

The Kynrem Falls is located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Cherrapunji in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is situated inside the Thangkharang Park. It is the 7th highest waterfalls in India. The Kynrem Falls is a three-tiered waterfalls, with water falling from a height of 305 metres (1,001 ft).

Laitkynsew

Laitkynsew is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya State, in north-eastern India. It is perhaps best known for its living root bridges. The Umnnoi living root bridge, known locally as Jingkieng Deingjri, which means 'bridge of the rubber tree', is 53 feet long and over 100 years old. The Ka Likai waterfall, near the neighboring village of Nongriat, can best be seen from Laitkynsew, and the monsoon season in autumn is the most impressive time to view it.

List of waterfalls in India by height

The following is a list of highest waterfalls in India. It is based on the data from World Waterfall Database.

Madanrting

Madanrting is a census town in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya.

Mawlai

Mawlai is a census town in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya.

Mawlynnong

Mawlynnong is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of the Meghalaya state in North East India. It is famous for its cleanliness and natural attraction.

It comes under the Pynursla community development block and Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituency.

Mawsynram

Mawsynram () is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya state in north eastern India, 65 kilometres from Shillong. Mawsynram receives one of the highest rainfalls in India. It is reportedly the wettest place on Earth, with an average annual rainfall of 11,872 millimetres (467.4 in), but that claim is disputed by Lloró, Colombia, which reported an average yearly rainfall of 12,717 millimetres (500.7 in) between 1952 and 1989 and López de Micay, also in Colombia, which reported 12,892 mm (507.6 in) per year between 1960 and 2012. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Mawsynram received 26,000 millimetres (1,000 in) of rainfall in 1985.

Nohkalikai Falls

Nohkalikai Falls is the tallest plunge waterfall in India. Its height is 1115 feet (340 metres). The waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, one of the wettest places on Earth. Nohkalikai Falls are fed by the rainwater collected on the summit of a comparatively small plateau and decrease in power during the dry season in December - February. Below the falls there has formed a plunge pool with unusual green colored water.

Nohsngithiang Falls

Nohsngithiang Falls (also known as the Seven Sisters Waterfalls or Mawsmai Falls) is a seven-segmented waterfall located 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) south of Mawsmai village in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. The water falls from a height of 315 metres (1,033 ft) and has an average width of 70 metres (230 ft). making it one of the tallest waterfalls in India.

The falls plunges over the top of limestone cliffs of the Khasi Hills only during the rainy season. In full spate, the segments stretch most of the way along the cliff. The waterfalls get illuminated by the sun and the vibrant colors of the setting sun on the waterfalls makes it beautiful.In the Sohra area, there are several waterfalls because of the heavy rainfall including Nohkalikai Falls and Dain Thlen Falls. The Jaintia Hills and the Garo Hills also have many waterfalls, notably the Tyrchi Falls en route to Jowai and the Pelga Falls near Tura.

Nongmynsong

Nongmynsong is a census town in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya.

Nongthymmai

Nongthymmai is a census town in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya.

Pynthorumkhrah

Pynthorumkhrah is a census town in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. The Census Town has total administration over 5,755 houses.

Shillong

Shillong (English: ; Khasi: Shillong) is a hill station in the northeastern part of India and the capital of Meghalaya, which means "The Abode of Clouds" and is one of the smallest states in India. It is the headquarters of the East Khasi Hills district and is situated at an average altitude of 4,908 feet (1,496 m) above sea level, with the highest point being Shillong Peak at 6,449 feet (1,966 m). Shillong is the 330th most populous city in India with a population of 143,229 according to the 2011 census. It is said that the rolling hills around the town reminded the European settlers of Scotland. Hence, they would also refer to it as the "Scotland of the East".Shillong has steadily grown in size since it was made the civil station of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills in 1864 by the British. In 1874, on the formation of Assam as the Chief Commissioner's Province, it was chosen as the headquarters of the new administration because of its convenient location between the Brahmaputra and Surma valleys and more so because the climate of Shillong was much cooler than tropical India. Shillong remained the capital of undivided Assam until the creation of the new state of Meghalaya on 21 January 1972, when Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya, and Assam moved its capital to Dispur in Guwahati.

Shillong Cantonment

Shillong Cantonment is a cantonment town in East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya.

Sohra

Sohra, also known as Chur(r)ra (a British Raj corruption), is one of the hima (Khasi tribal chieftainships constituting petty Khasi Hills States) in the present East Khasi Hills district of the (formerly Assamese) Indian state of Meghalaya.

It was originally homonymous with its capital, a town which is now known as Cherrapunji or -punjee.

Sohra is the place where British Christian missionaries first came into contact with the Khasi tribal community and converted them to Christianity in the early 18th century. The British also gave the Khasis their script, English, but helped them systematise their grammar.

Currently, Mawsynram, a small village has replaced Sohra in exact statistic on the highest rainfall anywhere in the world.

From December 2010, the local legislator of Sohra, who at the time was Dr PW Khongjee, created the Cherrapunjee Indigenous Festival, showcasing Khasi indigenous culture, including the Phawar system of narratives that followed most activities, like going out for fishing, or celebrating good harvest and so on. Dances like "the small fish" dance" which is enacted just before going out for fishing in the autumn, or the playing of the Bum (big) drum, dance for the gamblers, etc., were enacted on a massive, ultra-modern stage. Local cuisine, wild honey and Sohra's famous fruits sold in stalls that ringed the arena.

From 2010, Cherrapunjee Indigenous Festival has become an annual event in the first week of December.

Tyrna

Tyrna is a village in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya State, in north-eastern India. A succession of stone steps connect the community with neighboring village of Nongriat, just below the Cherrapunji-Laitkynsew bridle path.

Umiam Lake

Umiam Lake (commonly known as Barapani Lake) is a reservoir in the hills 15 km (9.3 mi) north of Shillong in the state of Meghalaya, India. It was created by damming the Umiam River in the early 1960s. The principal catchment area of the lake and dam is spread over 220 square km.

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