East Jaintia Hills district

East Jaintia Hills district is a district with its headquarters at Khliehriat in Meghalaya state of India. The district was carved out of Jaintia Hills district on 31 July 2012.

Khliehriat and Saipung are the two community and rural development blocks of the district.[1]

East Jaintia Hills district

Pait Wah
Location of East Jaintia Hills district in Meghalaya
Location of East Jaintia Hills district in Meghalaya
CountryIndia
StateMeghalaya
HeadquartersKhliehriat
Government
 • Assembly seats3
Area
 • Total2,126 km2 (821 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total122,436
 • Density58/km2 (150/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy53%
Major highwaysNH-6
WebsiteOfficial website

History

East Jaintia Hills District was carved out of the erstwhile Jaintia Hills District on 31 July 2012. Khliehriat, the district headquarters, was created as an administrative unit on August 14, 1976 and was upgraded to a civil sub division on May 27, 1982 before finally becoming the district headquarters. [2]

Geography

The total area of the district is 2115 km2. The district comprises 2 community and rural development blocks viz. Khliehriat C&RD Block, and Saipung C&RD Block with the following boundaries:

Divisions

East Jaintia Hills district is divided into two blocks, namely:

[3]

Name Headquarters Population Location
Khliehriat Khliehriat
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Khliehriat
Saipung Saipung
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Saipung

Demographics

Mainly inhabited by the Pnars ,Khynriam and the Biates, East Jaintia Hills has a population of 1,22,436 residing in 206 villages. [4]

References

  1. ^ "East Jaintia Hills".
  2. ^ http://www.sentinelassam.com/meghalaya/story.php?sec=2&subsec=8&id=126729&dtP=2013-02-07&ppr=1
  3. ^ Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (PDF) (Map). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  4. ^ http://www.sentinelassam.com/meghalaya/story.php?sec=2&subsec=8&id=126729&dtP=2013-02-07&ppr=1
Hmar people

Hmar is the name of an ethnic group in the North Eastern States of India, western Burma and eastern Bangladesh. They speak some 40 languages, most of which are intelligible to one another and these languages again have many dialects. Khawsak language, popularly called Hmar ṭawng, has been adopted as the lingua franca and standard medium of communication

Jaintia Hills district

Jaintia Hills District was a district in Meghalaya that was established in 1972 with headquarters at Jowai which was taken from the United Khasi Jaintia Hills District Council. It was once part of the grand Jaintia Kingdom. The present inhabitants of the District are the Pnar, the War, the Bhoi (Karbis), Tiwa (Lalung), the Hadem of Saitsama area, the Beates/Biates of the Saipung Sub Division and the Hmars of Khaddum village.

In 2012 the district has been bifurcated into two districts:-

East Jaintia Hills district headquartered at Khliehriat

West Jaintia Hills district headquartered at Jowai

Justine Dkhar

Justine Dkhar is an Indian politician from the state of Meghalaya and represents the Khliehrait constituency in the East Jaintia Hills district in the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly during 2013-2018.

Khasi and Jaintia Hills

The Khasi and Jaintia Hills are a mountainous region that was mainly part of Assam and Meghalaya. The Assam Legislative Assembly This area is now part of the present Indian constitutive state of Meghalaya (formerly Assam), which includes the present districts of East Jaintia Hills district, headquarter Khliehriat, West Jaintia Hills district, headquarter Jowai, East Khasi Hills district, headquarter Shillong, and West Khasi Hills district, headquarter Nongstoin.

Khliehriat

Khliehriat is the headquarters of the East Jaintia Hills district in Meghalaya state of India. The district was carved out of Jaintia Hills district.

Khliehriat and Saipung are the two community and rural development blocks of the district.

Khliehriat has a government hospital and a few private clinics. There are many churches in Khliehriat and people are Christians in majority. There are many schools namely Khliehriat Higher Secondary School with students from kindergarten to Science stream in Higher Secondary. Football and bull fighting are some of the major crowd attractions.

Khliehriat has a fairly cold temperature throughout the year, accompanied by heavy rains in the monsoons.

Khliehriat (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Khliehriat (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 60 assembly constituencies of Meghalaya, a north east state of India. This constituency falls under Shillong Lok Sabha constituency. Current MLA from this constituency is Kyrmen Shylla of United Democratic Party.

Krem Liat Prah

Krem Liat Prah is the longest natural cave in India.

Prah (Krem is the Khasi word for "cave") is one of approximately 150 known caves in the Shnongrim Ridge of the East Jaintia Hills district in the state of Meghalaya, northeast India. Explored and surveyed as part of the ongoing Abode of the Clouds Expedition project, its current length of about 34 kilometers will likely be increased as nearby caves continue to be connected. Liat Prah's dominant feature is its enormous trunk passage, the Aircraft Hangar.

Lad Rymbai

Lad Rymbai is a town in the East Jaintia Hills district of Meghalaya, India. It is a coal mining site, located along the National Highway 44.

Lungzubel

Lungzubel which means "Stone rice beer containers or jars" in the Biate language are stone relics found in the southwestern part of Dima Hasao district in Assam and its surrounding areas extending to the neighboring state of Meghalaya.

Meghalaya

Meghalaya (UK: , US: ) is a state in northeastern India. The name means "the abode of clouds" in Sanskrit. The population of Meghalaya as of 2016 is estimated to be 3,211,474. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 22,430 square kilometers, with a length to breadth ratio of about 3:1.The state is bounded to the south by the Bangladeshi divisions of Mymensingh and Sylhet, to the west by the Bangladeshi division of Rangpur, and to the north and east by India's State of Assam. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong. During the British rule of India, the British imperial authorities nicknamed it the "Scotland of the East". Meghalaya was previously part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became the new state of Meghalaya. English is the official language of Meghalaya. The other principal languages spoken include Khasi, Garo, Pnar, Biate Hajong, Assamese and Bengali. Unlike many Indian states, Meghalaya has historically followed a matrilineal system where the lineage and inheritance are traced through women; the youngest daughter inherits all wealth and she also takes care of her parents.The state is the wettest region of India, recording an average of 12,000 mm (470 in) of rain a year. About 70% of the state is forested. The Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its mountain forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the north and south. The forests are notable for their biodiversity of mammals, birds, and plants.

Meghalaya has predominantly an agrarian economy with a significant commercial forestry industry. The important crops are potatoes, rice, maize, pineapples, bananas, papayas, spices, etc. The service sector is made up of real estate and insurance companies. Meghalaya's gross state domestic product for 2012 was estimated at ₹16,173 crore (US$2.3 billion) in current prices. The state is geologically rich in minerals, but it has no significant industries. The state has about 1,170 km (730 mi) of national highways. It is also a major logistical center for trade with Bangladesh.In July 2018, the International Commission on Stratigraphy divided the Holocene epoch into three, with the late Holocene being called the Meghalayan stage/age, since a speleothem in Mawmluh cave indicating a dramatic worldwide climate event around 2250 BC had been chosen as the boundary stratotype.

Mookhep

Mookhep village is located in Khliehriat Tehsil of East Jaintia Hills district in Meghalaya in India.

Saipung

Saipung is a village in East Jaintia Hills district, Meghalaya, India. It is the headquarters of the Saipung Sub-district. The population was 1,431 as per the 2011 Indian census. Located about 136 km from the state's capital Shillong, Saipung is inhabited by the Biate people.

Schistura larketensis

Schistura larketensis is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Schistura. This cavefish is found in the East Jaintia Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is named after the Larket village, where the fish was found inside a cave.

Sutnga Saipung (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Sutnga Saipung (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 60 assembly constituencies of Meghalaya, a north east state of India. This constituency falls under Shillong Lok Sabha constituency. Current MLA from this constituency is Shitlang Pale of Indian National Congress.

Vincent Pala

Vincent H Pala (born 14 February 1968 Village) is an Indian politician, belonging to Indian National Congress. In the 2009 election he was elected to the 15th Lok Sabha from the Shillong Lok Sabha constituency. He held this seat in the 2014 elections and became a member of the 16th Lok Sabha.

West Jaintia Hills district

West Jaintia Hills (Pron: ˈʤeɪnˌtɪə) is an administrative District in the state of Meghalaya in India. The united district (Jaintia Hills District) was created on 22 February 1972 and occupied an area of 3819 km2. It had a population of 295,692 (as of 2001). The district is part of the Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion.With the bifurcation of the erstwhile Jaintia Hills District into East and West Jaintia Hills Districts, West Jaintia Hills District came into existence on 31 July 2012 with its headquarters at Jowai. Jowai is the host of all the heads of important governmental offices and establishments, educational institutions, hospitals, banking institutions, etc.

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