East Asian Gothic typeface

Gothic typefaces (simplified Chinese: 黑体; traditional Chinese: 黑體; pinyin: hēitǐ; Japanese: ゴシック体 goshikku-tai; Korean: 돋움 dotum, 고딕체 godik-che) are a type style characterized by strokes of even thickness and lack of decorations akin to sans serif styles in Western typography. It is the second most commonly used style in East Asian typography, after Ming.

Chenzihmyon sans-serif
A passage from the Thousand Character Classic in sans-serif typeface. The rightmost line is the original Chinese. The middle and the left lines are transliterations in Japanese kana and Korean Hangul, respectively.

Characteristics

Similar to Ming and Song typefaces, sans-serif typefaces were designed for printing, but they were also designed for legibility. They are commonly used in headlines, signs, and video applications.

Classifications

Yuanti
Round sans style typeface
  • Square sans (Japanese: 角ゴシック kaku goshikku; simplified Chinese: 黑体; traditional Chinese: 黑體; pinyin: hēitǐ), the classic sans-serif style in which the lines of the characters have squared ends.
    • Overlapping square sans (simplified Chinese: 叠黑体; traditional Chinese: 疊黑體; pinyin: diéhēitǐ) - This style is similar to the square sans, but in places where strokes overlap, a margin is inserted between the strokes to distinguish the strokes.
    • Square new book (simplified Chinese: 方新书体; traditional Chinese: 方新書體; pinyin: fāngxīn shūtǐ) - Uses narrow horizontal and thick vertical strokes, similar to typefaces such as Optima.
  • Round sans (Japanese: 丸ゴシック maru goshikku, simplified Chinese: 圆体/黑圆体; traditional Chinese: 圓體/黑圓體; pinyin: yuántǐ/hēiyuántǐ, Korean:굴림체 gullimche), has rounded ends and corners to the lines of the characters. In some cases, short protruding stroke ends at intersections are eliminated to make glyphs look rounder. This is the style of typeface used for Japanese road signs.
    • Overlapping round sans (simplified Chinese: 叠圆体; traditional Chinese: 疊圓體; pinyin: diéyuántǐ) - This is similar to the round sans, but in places where strokes overlap, a margin is inserted between the strokes to distinguish the strokes.
    • Rounded new book (simplified Chinese: 圆新书体; traditional Chinese: 圓新書體; pinyin: yuánxīn shūtǐ) - Uses narrow horizontal and thick vertical strokes, along with rounded line ends and corners.
  • Mixed art (simplified Chinese: 综艺体; traditional Chinese: 綜藝體; pinyin: zōngyìtǐ) - Curved strokes are replaced by angled strokes with sharp or round corners.

Sans-serif typefaces in computing

Sans serif typefaces, especially for default system fonts, are common in Japanese computing. Also, many Korean computing environments use Gulim which includes soft curves but is a sans-serif typeface.

In Chinese versions of Microsoft Windows XP and older, the default interface typefaces are seriffed (MingLiU and SimSun), which deviates from the sans serif styling use in most other (including East Asian) regions of the product. Starting in Windows Vista, the default interface typefaces in all regions were changed to sans-serif styles, using Microsoft JhengHei in Traditional Chinese environments and Microsoft YaHei in Simplified Chinese environments.

See also

External links

Gothic script

Gothic script may refer to:

Blackletter, or Gothic minuscule, an ornate calligraphic or typographical style originating in Western Europe

Fraktur, a form of Blackletter

Schwabacher, a form of Blackletter

Gothic alphabet, the Greek-derived writing system of the Gothic language

Sans-serif, or gothic, a typographical style without serif decorations

East Asian Gothic typeface, a Chinese, Japanese or Korean typographical style without serifs or analogous decorations

Visigothic script, a script style used by Visigoths in Iberia

Malgun Gothic

Malgun Gothic (맑은 고딕) is a Korean sans-serif typeface developed by Sandoll Communications, with hinting by Monotype Imaging, as a replacement of Dotum and Gulim as the default system font for the Korean language version of Windows Vista. It was first shipped with Windows Vista, being available to download later for Windows Server 2008 and Windows XP users. The name "malgun" means "clear" in Korean, thus making a direct translation of the font's name "Clear Gothic."

Microsoft YaHei

Microsoft YaHei (Chinese: 微软雅黑; pinyin: Wēiruǎn Yǎhēi) is a sans-serif gothic typeface created by Founder Electronics and Monotype Corporation under commission from Microsoft. Hinting for the font was undertaken by Monotype Imaging. The CJK ideographic characters were designed by the Founder Electronics foundry's senior designer, Li Qi (齐立).

Ming (typefaces)

Ming or Song is a category of typefaces used to display Chinese characters, which are used in the Chinese, Japanese and Korean languages. They are currently the most common style of type in print for Chinese and Japanese.

Source Han Sans

Source Han Sans are sans-serif gothic typeface families created by Adobe and Google.

Vehicle registration plates of China

Vehicle registration plates in China (Chinese: 牌照; pinyin: pái zhào) are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes. The plates are issued by the local Vehicle Management Offices, under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security.

Hong Kong and Macau, both of which are Special administrative regions of China, issue their own licence plates, a legacy of when they were under British and Portuguese administration. Vehicles from Hong Kong and Macau are required to apply for licence plates, usually from Guangdong province, to travel on roads in Mainland China. Vehicles from Mainland China have to apply for Hong Kong licence plates or Macau licence plates to enter those territories .

The number of registered cars, buses, vans, and trucks on the road in China reached 62 million in 2009, and is expected to exceed 200 million by 2020.The font used on the plates were said to be modified from the East Asian Gothic typeface, but speculations exist as the numbers and letters somewhat bear similarity with the German font DIN 1451.

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