Early Wynn

Early Wynn Jr. (January 6, 1920 – April 4, 1999), nicknamed "Gus", was an American professional baseball right-handed pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Washington Senators, Cleveland Indians, and Chicago White Sox, during his 23-year MLB career. Wynn was identified as one of the most intimidating pitchers in the game, having combined his powerful fastball with a hard attitude toward batters. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972.

Wynn signed with the Senators at the age of 17, deciding to forego completing his high school education, in pursuit of a baseball career. He spent a couple of seasons in Minor League Baseball (MiLB), achieving a brief MLB stint in 1939. Wynn returned to the big leagues in 1941, pitching his first full MLB season in 1942. Wynn missed all of 1945 and a portion of the 1946 season, while serving in the United States Army during the latter part of World War II.

Wynn was a member of one of baseball's best pitching rotations, along with Bob Feller, Mike Garcia, and Bob Lemon, while with the Indians in the mid-1950s. He won the 1959 Cy Young Award, beginning to rely more heavily on the knuckleball, as the velocity of his pitches declined. Wynn retired following the 1963 season. He finished with exactly 300 career wins, having spent the last several months of his career in pursuit of that win.

Wynn served as a coach and broadcaster in the big leagues, after his retirement as a player. In 1999, he was included on The Sporting News list of the 100 greatest players in baseball history. Wynn died that year in an assisted living facility following heart-related problems and a stroke.

Early Wynn
Early Wynn 1960
Wynn in 1960
Pitcher
Born: January 6, 1920
Hartford, Alabama
Died: April 4, 1999 (aged 79)
Venice, Florida
Batted: Switch Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 13, 1939, for the Washington Senators
Last MLB appearance
September 13, 1963, for the Cleveland Indians
MLB statistics
Win–loss record300–244
Earned run average3.54
Strikeouts2,334
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1972
Vote76% (fourth ballot)

Early life

Wynn was born in Hartford, Alabama, the son of Blanche Wynn and Early Wynn Sr., an automobile mechanic and former semipro baseball player. He excelled at both football and baseball in high school. As a sophomore, Wynn was about to become the top running back at his school when he suffered a broken leg on a punt return. The injury forced him out of football and focused his attention on baseball. Wynn later described it as "my best break ever."[1]

When he was a teenager, Wynn attended a tryout session in Florida for the Washington Senators. He impressed Senators coach Clyde Milan enough that the organization offered him a minor league contract.[2] Wynn signed with Washington for $100 per month and decided not to finish high school.[3] Between 1937 and 1939, Wynn pitched minor league baseball in the Florida State League and the Piedmont League.[4]

MLB career

Early career

Wynn made his MLB debut in 1939, appearing in only three games before returning to the minor leagues for 1940. He made it back to the major leagues in 1941, starting five games, completing four of them and finishing with a 3-1 win-loss record.[5] Wynn was named to Washington's four-man pitching rotation in 1942.[2] He pitched 30 games that season, finishing with a 10-16 record and a 5.12 earned run average (ERA). The next season, in 37 games, he finished 18-12 with a 2.91 ERA. He led the league in losses in 1944, compiling an 8-17 record.[5]

Wynn joined the United States Army in 1944, going to the Philippines to serve in World War II.[4] Though he missed the 1945 major league season, Wynn played with a Pacific Army team known as the Manila Dodgers.[6]

He returned to the United States in June 1946 and rejoined the Senators.[7] In 17 games that year, he finished with an 8-5 record. He pitched 33 games the next year and earned a decision in almost every game, totaling 17 wins with 15 losses. Wynn made the 1947 AL All-Star squad (did not pitch)[8] for the first time as a replacement for an injured Bob Feller. In 1948, Wynn struggled to an 8-19 record with a 5.82 ERA, giving up a league-high 128 earned runs.[5]

In a December 1948 trade, Wynn and Mickey Vernon were sent to the Cleveland Indians in exchange for Joe Haynes, Ed Klieman and Eddie Robinson.[5] A month earlier, the Boston Red Sox had offered Johnny Pesky to Washington for Wynn, but the trade did not go through.[9] The Indians' pitching coach and former star pitcher Mel Harder taught him how to throw a curveball, slider, changeup and knuckleball. Wynn assimilated Harder's lessons easily, and after his 1949 season adjustment, the next year he recorded 18 wins and led the AL with a 3.20 ERA.

Middle career

Early Wynn 1953
Wynn in about 1953

Between 1950 and 1956, Wynn won at least 17 games per season. His first 20-win season came in 1951.[5] By that time he had become part of one of the greatest pitching rotations in MLB history, joining Bob Feller, Bob Lemon and Mike Garcia. Manager Al López later called those four pitchers "the greatest pitching staff I ever saw during 33 years in the majors."[10]

In 1954, Wynn posted a 2.73 ERA, won 23 games and struck out 155 batters. The team went to the 1954 World Series; Wynn pitched one game and the Indians were defeated by the New York Giants in four straight games.[11] After suffering from pneumonia at the beginning of the 1955 season, Wynn earned his first win in May.[12] He was an All-Star for the second time in his career and pitched 3 scoreless innings in the game; this selection marked the start of six consecutive All-Star seasons.[13] He finished the 1955 season with a 17-11 record and a 2.82 ERA.[5]

In a 1956 game, he was struck in the face by a sharp line drive off the bat of Washington Senators shortstop Jose Valdivielso. He did not leave the game immediately, later realizing he had lost seven teeth. The facial wound required 16 stitches.[14]

In 1957, Wynn became the second pitcher in major league history to win a game by a score of 1-0 while recording at least ten strikeouts and hitting a home run.[15] Wynn was traded to the Chicago White Sox after the 1957 season. Wynn and Al Smith were exchanged for Minnie Miñoso and Fred Hatfield.[5]

In 1958 Wynn became the first MLB pitcher to lead his league in strikeouts in consecutive years with different teams (184 with Cleveland, 189 with Chicago). He won the Cy Young Award in 1959 at the age of 39, posting a record of 22–10, with 179 strikeouts and a 3.16 ERA which helped lead the White Sox to the AL pennant championship. He was the third oldest MLB pitcher to win 20 games in a season, following Cy Young and Grover Cleveland Alexander.[16] He also was the starting pitcher in the first of two All-Star Games held in 1959 (MLB held two All-Star Games from 1959 through 1962).[17]

Wynn began throwing a knuckleball in 1959 after his fastball began to lose velocity. "For years they've been accusing me of throwing it when I didn't even know how to hold it ... I can't throw as hard as I did six, seven years ago. And I get tired quicker. I find that you can throw the knuckler with a little more effort and no strain", Wynn said.[18]

In the 1950s Wynn had more strikeouts (1,544) than any other pitcher in the majors and was quite capable with the bat as well. A switch hitter, Wynn batted .214 (365 for 1704), with 17 home runs and 173 RBI.[5] His 90 pinch-hit appearances included a grand slam, making him one of five MLB pitchers to record a grand slam as a pinch-hitter.

Later career

In 1960, Wynn was an All-Star for the seventh and last time (7 seasons)[19] and pitched two scoreless innings in the second All-Star Game held that season (his 9th All-Star game).[20] He finished the 1960 season 13-12. In 1961, he was 8-2 but his season ended in July because of gout that caused persistent pain in his arm and legs. He pitched to a 7-15 record in 1962, having shifted mostly to pitching with the slider and knuckleball. His last win of that season was his 299th career victory. Wynn had previously expressed his desire to get to 300 career wins.[4]

Wynn returned to Cleveland in 1963 for a last run. In that season, he won his 300th game, after failing to collect the milestone win in seven starts over nine months in 1962–63. Both the timeframe and the number of attempts are the longest between any pitcher's 299th and 300th wins in MLB history. Opposing Kansas City batter Ed Charles recalled Wynn's 300th win: "His fastball, if it reached 80, that was stretching it. He was laboring, throwing nothing but bloopers and junk."[21] His last game appearance was on September 13, 1963, pitching the last third inning of the 6th against the Los Angeles Angels in relief of Jack Kralick. He allowed one hit and zero earned runs.

Long after his retirement, which came at the end of the 1963 season, Wynn reflected on his 300th win and said that he was not proud of the milestone. "If I had pitched a good game and gone nine innings, that would be something. But that's not the way it was", Wynn said.[22] He left the game with a 5-4 lead after pitching five innings. "Jerry Walker relieved me and saved the game for me. He was my roommate and pitched like a man possessed", Wynn recalled.[22] Wynn said that he had been awake all night before the game, suffering from pain related to the gout that had long affected him.[3]

Wynn was the last active major leaguer who played in the 1930s, becoming one of only 29 players in baseball history to have appeared in major league games in four decades. His durability helped him lead the American League in innings three times (1951, 1954, 1959) and propelled him to an AL record for most years pitched (23). Wynn won an even 300 games. He registered five 20-win seasons, 2,334 strikeouts, 290 complete games, 49 shutouts, and 4,556 innings pitched in 691 games.[5]

Coaching and broadcasting career

Wynn became the pitching coach for the Indians in 1964. Several of his players – including Sam McDowell, Sonny Siebert, Luis Tiant and Steve Hargan – were still with the team in 1967 when they set a record for team strikeouts in a season. In August 1965, Wynn flirted with the idea of making a comeback as a knuckleball pitcher.[23] Wynn left Cleveland after the 1966 season and joined the Minnesota Twins as pitching coach.[24] He later served as a minor league manager for the Twins.[14] He advocated for better pensions for retired baseball players.[25]

In 1972, the team considered activating the 52-year-old Wynn to pitch one inning if retired star Ted Williams would hit against him. The move would have made Wynn the first player to pitch in five different decades, but Williams was not interested and the team dropped the idea.[26] Wynn had first proposed the idea of a one-game comeback to the Twins in 1970.[27]

From their inaugural 1977 season through the end of the 1981 season, he provided the color commentary for radio broadcasts of Toronto Blue Jays games, working alongside Tom Cheek. He also provided color commentary for Chicago White Sox radio broadcasts in 1982 and 1983, paired with Joe McConnell. When he was replaced by Lorn Brown in December 1983, White Sox president Eddie Einhorn described Wynn as "a link to baseball's past."[28]

Personal

Wynn married Mabel Allman in 1939. She was killed in a car accident in 1942. They had one child together; Wynn's relatives helped to raise him. He married Lorraine Follin in the fall of 1944, around the time he entered the United States Army. They later had a daughter.[4]

In the mid to late 1960s, the pitcher owned the Early Wynn Steak House and Bowling Lanes in Venice, Florida.[29]

Later life

Wynn was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972 along with Sandy Koufax and Yogi Berra. He was grateful, although he expressed disappointment that he had not received the required votes on his first three ballots.[30] In the last years of his life, Wynn suffered a heart attack and a stroke. He moved to an assisted living facility in Venice, Florida, where he died in April 1999.[31] His wife of 50 years had died five years earlier.[32]

In 1999, Wynn ranked Number 100 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players,[33] According to the Baseball-Reference.com, Wynn is the "most linkable" player in baseball history. This means that if a value of 1 is assigned to any player Wynn played on the same team with, and a value of 2 assigned to any player who played on the same team with a player with a value of 1, and so on, and the mean value is found by considering each player in baseball history, Wynn's value is lower than any other player's.

Legacy

Wynn was remembered for his toughness and for the frequency with which he threw at batters. He once stated, "I'd knock down my own grandmother if she dug in on me."[34] He also said to reporters: "Why should I worry about hitters? Do they worry about me? Do you ever find a hitter crying because he's hit a line drive through the box? My job is getting hitters out. If I don't get them out I lose. I don't like losing a game any more than a salesman likes losing a big sale. I've got a right to knock down anybody holding a bat."[35] When he was then asked whether he would have the same opinion if the batter were his own mother, he paused and responded, "Mother was a pretty good curveball hitter."[36]

In fact, when Wynn was with the Indians, he actually threw a pitch at his own 15-year-old son, Joe. Wynn was throwing pre-game batting practice to Joe, and Joe hit two long drives in a row. Ushers in the nearly empty stadium began to clap. Moments later, Joe was lying flat on his back in the batting cage, frightened by his father's knockdown pitch. Wynn said later, "He was leaning in on me, and I had to show him who was boss."[37]

His attitude was encouraged early in his career by manager Bucky Harris, who ordered Wynn to throw brushback pitches when he got two strikes on a batter. Otherwise he faced a $25 fine. "I was making $350 a month. I couldn't afford giving up $25", Wynn said.[3]

Whenever an opposing batter would line one of his pitches back toward the mound, Wynn would retaliate by throwing a brushback pitch at the batter the next time the batter faced him.[38]

In 1962, when Wynn was with the White Sox, he was throwing batting practice and his teammate Joe Cunningham hit a line drive that missed Wynn by inches. Wynn responded by throwing three straight pitches under his teammate's chin.[36] Whenever one of his teammates was knocked down by an opposing pitcher, Wynn would retaliate by knocking down two of the opposing pitcher's teammates.[36] According to Rod Carew, Wynn's competitiveness did not end when his playing career did. "Early would knock you down in batting practice. If you hit a ball good off of him, he'd knock you down and then challenge you. He told you to expect it when you stepped in the cage against him.[39]

See also

References

  1. ^ Lew Freedman (2009). Early Wynn, the Go-Go White Sox and the 1959 World Series. McFarland. p. 29. ISBN 0786455128.
  2. ^ a b Graham, Dillon (April 3, 1942). "Rookie sensation arrives at right time for Senators". Reading Eagle. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Goldstein, Richard (April 6, 1999). "Early Wynn, Pitcher Who Won 300 Games, Dies at 79". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d Wancho, Joseph, Huhn, Rick, Levin, Leonard, Nowlin, Bill, Johnson, Steve (eds.) (2014). Pitching to the Pennant: The 1954 Cleveland Indians. University of Nebraska Press. pp. 185–189. ISBN 0803254717.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Early Wynn Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  6. ^ "Wynn on way home". Reading Eagle. June 13, 1946. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  7. ^ "Early Wynn hopes to join Senators". Pittsburgh Press. June 13, 1946. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  8. ^ Baseball-Reference.com, Early Wynn [1] Retrieved April 18, 2015
  9. ^ Armour, Mark (2010). Joe Cronin: A Life in Baseball. University of Nebraska Press. p. 191. ISBN 0803229968.
  10. ^ Malcolm, Andrew (December 4, 1985). "Benefit for 'Big Bear' of 50's brings bittersweet reunion". The New York Times. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "1954 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "Wynn hurls first 1955 win as Indians beat Bosox". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. May 3, 1955. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  13. ^ Baseball-Reference.Com, Early Wynn, [2] Retrieved April 18, 2015
  14. ^ a b Purdy, Dennis (2006). The Team-By-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball. Workman Publishing Company. p. 360. ISBN 0761153764.
  15. ^ Bierman, Fred (May 2, 2009). "One-Man Show". The New York Times.
  16. ^ The Tuscaloosa News via Google News Archive Search
  17. ^ Donnelly, Patrick. SportsData LLC. (2012). Midsummer Classics: Celebrating MLB's All-Star Game. 1959–1962: "all players who were named to the AL or NL roster were credited with one appearance per season" http://www.sportsdatallc.com/2012/07/09/midsummer-classics-celebrating-mlbs-all-star-game. SportsData http://www.sportsdatallc.com. April 16, 2015.
  18. ^ "Knuckle ball putting Early Wynn back in top ranking". Prescott Evening Courier. June 18, 1959. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  19. ^ Donnelly, Patrick. SportsData LLC. (2012). Midsummer Classics: Celebrating MLB's All-Star Game. 1959–1962: "all players who were named to the AL or NL roster were credited with one appearance per season" http://www.sportsdatallc.com/2012/07/09/midsummer-classics-celebrating-mlbs-all-star-game. SportsData http://www.sportsdatallc.com. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  20. ^ Baseball-Reference.Com, Early Wynn [3] Retrieved April 18, 2015
  21. ^ Vecsey, George (August 5, 2007). "Sports of the Times; Chasing No. 300, Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  22. ^ a b Mooshil, Joe (May 6, 1982). "Early Wynn Not Proud of 300th Win". Times-Union. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  23. ^ "Early Wynn May Try Comeback". Reading Eagle. August 9, 1965. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  24. ^ "Twins Name Early Wynn Mound Coach". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. October 16, 1966. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  25. ^ "Hall of Fame pitcher Early Wynn dies at 79". Los Angeles Times. April 6, 1999. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  26. ^ "Early Wynn Won't Pitch". Lawrence Journal-World. September 18, 1972. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  27. ^ "Will Early Wynn Take Hill Again?". Lawrence Journal-World. August 15, 1970. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  28. ^ "Chisox replace Early Wynn". Ottawa Citizen. December 5, 1983. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  29. ^ Breslin, James (April 5, 1963). "The old Indian's last stand". Life. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  30. ^ Rathet, Mike (January 20, 1972). "Sandy Koufax, Yogi Berra, Early Wynn Picked for Baseball Hall of Fame". Youngstown Vindicator. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  31. ^ "Hall of Famer dies at age 79". The Victoria Advocate. April 6, 1999. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  32. ^ "Pitcher Early Wynn Dead at 79". The Nevada Daily Mail. April 7, 1999. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  33. ^ "100 Greatest Baseball Players by The Sporting News : A Legendary List by Baseball Almanac". Baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
  34. ^ Bruce Nash and Allan Zullo, The Baseball Hall of Shame 2, page 124 (1986).
  35. ^ Roger Kahn, Golden Triumphs, Tarnished Dreams, Sports Illustrated (August 30, 1976). Retrieved on April 17, 2012.
  36. ^ a b c Id.
  37. ^ Nash and Zullo, supra, at page 123. In Roger Kahn's version of the incident, the knockdown pitch occurred after Joe hit one long drive, and Wynn then said to his son, "You shouldn't crowd me." See Roger Kahn, Golden Triumphs, Tarnished Dreams, Sports Illustrated (August 30, 1976). Retrieved on April 17, 2012.
  38. ^ Nash and Zullo, supra, at page 123.
  39. ^ The Twins at the Met, 2009, Beaver's Pond Press, Edina, Minnesota, page 86

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Mel Harder
Cleveland Indians pitching coach
1964–1966
Succeeded by
Clay Bryant
Preceded by
Johnny Sain
Minnesota Twins pitching coach
1967–1969
Succeeded by
Art Fowler
1949 Cleveland Indians season

The 1949 Cleveland Indians season was the 49th in franchise history. The club entered the season as the defending World Champions. On March 5, 1949, Indians minority owner Bob Hope donned a Cleveland Indians uniform and posed with manager Lou Boudreau and vice president Hank Greenberg as the World Series champions opened spring training camp in Tucson, Arizona.

1954 Cleveland Indians season

The 1954 Cleveland Indians advanced to the World Series for the first time in six years. It was the team's third American League championship in franchise history. The Indians' 111-43 record is the all-time record for winning percentage by an American League team (.721), as this was before 162 games were played in a season.

For more than 60 years, Cleveland had been the only team in Major League Baseball to have compiled two different 11-game winning streaks within the same season, until the Toronto Blue Jays were able to accomplish the rare feat during the 2015 regular season.However, their great regular-season record would not be enough to win the World Series, as the Indians lost in four games to the New York Giants, after which the Indians would not return to the Fall Classic until 1995.

1954 World Series

The 1954 World Series matched the National League champion New York Giants against the American League champion Cleveland Indians. The Giants swept the Series in four games to win their first championship since 1933, defeating the heavily favored Indians, who had won an AL-record 111 games in the regular season (a record since broken by the 1998 New York Yankees with 114 and again by the 2001 Seattle Mariners with 116, tying the 1906 Chicago Cubs for the most wins in a season). The Series is perhaps best-remembered for "The Catch", a sensational running catch made by Giants center fielder Willie Mays in Game 1, snaring a long drive by Vic Wertz near the outfield wall with his back to the infield. It is also remembered for utility player Dusty Rhodes' clutch hitting in three of the four games, including his pinch walk-off "Chinese home run" that won Game 1, barely clearing the 258-foot (79 m) right-field fence at the Polo Grounds. Giants manager Leo Durocher, who had managed teams to three National League championships, won his first and only World Series title as a manager. The Giants, who would move west to become the San Francisco Giants, would not win a World Series again until the 2010 season.

This was the first time that the Indians had been swept in a World Series and the first time that the Giants had swept an opponent in four games (their 1922 World Series sweep included a controversial tie game). Game 2 was the last World Series and playoff game at the Polo Grounds, and Game 4 was the last World Series and playoff game at Cleveland Stadium. The Indians would be kept out of the World Series until 1995, a year after Jacobs Field opened.

1958 Chicago White Sox season

The 1958 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 58th season in the major leagues, and its 59th season overall. They finished with a record 82–72, good enough for second place in the American League, 10 games behind the first-place New York Yankees.

1958 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1958 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 25th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 8, 1958, at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore, Maryland, the home of the Baltimore Orioles of the American League.

This was the first Major League Baseball All-Star Game without an extra base hit.For this Diamond Jubilee game, the opening pitch was made by U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon, who was to become President 10 years later. The attendance was 48,829. The game was broadcast on the NBC television and radio networks.

The first hit of the game was by legendary center fielder Willie Mays. The last scoring came in the sixth inning when the American League team took the lead after an error by third baseman Frank Thomas led to a single by Gil McDougald. Early Wynn was the winning pitcher as the American League scored a 4-3 victory.

Several players were named to the team but did not get into the game. These included Billy Pierce, Tony Kubek, Harvey Kuenn, Sherm Lollar, Rocky Bridges, Ryne Duren, Whitey Ford, and Elston Howard for the American League. For the National League team, Johnny Antonelli, Richie Ashburn, George Crowe, Eddie Mathews, Don McMahon, Walt Moryn, Johnny Podres, Bob Purkey, and Bob Schmidt were on the roster but did not play.

The next All-Star Game to be played in Baltimore was in 1993; that edition was aired on both CBS TV and radio, and played in Oriole Park at Camden Yards, with a special commemoration of this game's 35th anniversary.

1959 Chicago White Sox season

The 1959 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 59th season in the major leagues, and its 60th season overall. They finished with a record 94–60, good enough to win the American League (AL) championship, five games ahead of the second place Cleveland Indians. It was the team's first pennant since 1919 and would be its last until their championship season of 2005.

1959 Major League Baseball season

The 1959 Major League Baseball season was played from April 9 to October 9, 1959. It saw the Los Angeles Dodgers, free of the strife produced by their move from Brooklyn the previous season, rebound to win the National League pennant after a two-game playoff against the Milwaukee Braves, who themselves had moved from Boston in 1953. The Dodgers won the World Series against a Chicago White Sox team that had not played in the "Fall Classic" since 1919 and was interrupting a Yankees' dynasty that dominated the American League between 1949 and 1964.

The season is notable as the only one between 1950 and 1981 where no pitcher pitched a no-hitter.

1959 World Series

The 1959 World Series featured the National League champion Los Angeles Dodgers beating the American League champion Chicago White Sox, four games to two. Each of the three games played at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum drew record crowds, Game 5's attendance of 92,706 continues to be a World Series record to this day, and one which cannot feasibly be broken in any modern ballpark.

It was the first pennant for the White Sox in 40 years (since the 1919 Black Sox Scandal). They would have to wait until their world championship season of 2005 to win another pennant. The Dodgers won their first pennant since moving from Brooklyn in 1958 by defeating the Milwaukee Braves, two games to none, in a best-of-three-games pennant playoff. It was the Dodgers' second World Series victory in five years, their first in Los Angeles, and marked the first championship for a West Coast team.

It was the first World Series in which no pitcher for either side pitched a complete game.

As Vin Scully remarked in his narration for the official World Series film, "What a change of scenery!" This was the only Fall Classic played during the period from 1949 through 1964 in which no games were played in New York City, breaking the streak of the city that documentary filmmaker Ken Burns later called the era's "Capital of Baseball".

1959 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1959 throughout the world.

1960 Chicago White Sox season

The 1960 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 60th season in the major leagues, and its 61st season overall. They finished with a record 87–67, good enough for third place in the American League, 10 games behind the first-place New York Yankees.

1961 Chicago White Sox season

The 1961 Chicago White Sox season was the team's 61st season in the major leagues, and its 62nd season overall. They finished with a record 86–76, good enough for fourth place in the American League, 23 games behind the first-place New York Yankees. Their pitching staff surrendered 13 of Roger Maris's 61 home runs that year, the most of any team.

1972 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1972 followed the system established one year earlier.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and

elected three: Yogi Berra, Sandy Koufax, and Early Wynn.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players.

It also selected three people: Lefty Gomez, Will Harridge, and Ross Youngs.

The Negro Leagues Committee met for the second time and selected Josh Gibson and Buck Leonard.

300 win club

In Major League Baseball, the 300 win club is the group of pitchers who have won 300 or more games. Twenty-four pitchers have reached this milestone. The New York Gothams/Giants/San Francisco Giants are the only franchise to see three players reach the milestone while on their roster: those players are Mickey Welch, Christy Mathewson, and Randy Johnson. Early in the history of professional baseball, many of the rules favored the pitcher over the batter; the distance pitchers threw to home plate was shorter than today, and pitchers were able to use foreign substances to alter the direction of the ball. The first player to win 300 games was Pud Galvin in 1888. Seven pitchers recorded all or the majority of their career wins in the 19th century: Galvin, Cy Young, Kid Nichols, Tim Keefe, John Clarkson, Charley Radbourn, and Mickey Welch. Four more pitchers joined the club in the first quarter of the 20th century: Christy Mathewson, Walter Johnson, Eddie Plank, and Grover Cleveland Alexander. Young is the all-time leader in wins with 511, a mark that is considered unbreakable. If a modern-day pitcher won 20 games per season for 25 seasons, he would still be 11 games short of Young's mark.

Only three pitchers, Lefty Grove, Warren Spahn, and Early Wynn, joined the 300 win club between 1924 and 1982, which may be explained by a number of factors: the abolition of the spitball, World War II military service, such as Bob Feller's, and the growing importance of the home run in the game. As the home run became commonplace, the physical and mental demands on pitchers dramatically increased, which led to the use of a four-man starting rotation. Between 1982 and 1990, the 300 win club gained six members: Gaylord Perry, Phil Niekro, Steve Carlton, Nolan Ryan, Don Sutton and Tom Seaver. These pitchers benefited from the increased use of specialized relief pitchers, an expanded strike zone, and new stadiums, including Shea Stadium, Dodger Stadium and the Astrodome, that were pitcher's parks, which suppressed offensive production. Also, the increasing sophistication of training methods and sports medicine, such as Tommy John surgery, allowed players to maintain a high competitive level for a longer time. Randy Johnson, for example, won more games in his 40s than he did in his 20s.Since 1990, only four pitchers have joined the 300 win club: Roger Clemens, Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, and Johnson. Changes in the game in the last decade of the 20th century have made attaining 300 career wins difficult, perhaps more so than during the mid 20th century. The four-man starting rotation has given way to a five-man rotation, which gives starting pitchers fewer chances to pick up wins. No pitcher reached 20 wins in a non strike-shortened year for the first time in 2006; this was repeated in 2009 and 2017.Recording 300 career wins has been seen as a guaranteed admission to the Baseball Hall of Fame. All pitchers with 300 wins have been elected to the Hall of Fame except for Clemens, who received only half of the vote total needed for induction in his first appearance on the Hall of Fame ballot in 2013 and lost votes from that total in 2014. Clemens' future election is seen as uncertain because of his alleged links to use of performance-enhancing drugs. To be eligible for the Hall of Fame, a player must have "been retired five seasons" or deceased for at least six months, Many observers expect the club to gain few, if any, members in the foreseeable future. Ten members of the 300 win club are also members of the 3,000 strikeout club.

Cleveland Indians award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Cleveland Indians professional baseball team.

List of Chicago White Sox Opening Day starting pitchers

The Chicago White Sox are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Chicago. They play in the American League Central division. The White Sox have used 62 Opening Day starting pitchers since they were established as a Major League team in 1901. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The White Sox have a record of 60 wins and 53 losses in their Opening Day games, through the 2013 season.The White Sox have played in three different home ball parks. They played at South Side Park from 1901 through the middle of 1910, the first Comiskey Park from 1910 through 1990, and have played at the second Comiskey Park, now known as U.S. Cellular Field, since 1991. They had a record of four wins and two losses in Opening Day games at South Side Park, 18 wins and 19 losses at the first Comiskey Park and four wins and one loss at U.S. Cellular Field, for a total home record in Opening Day games of 27 wins and 22 losses. Their record in Opening Day away games is 33 wins and 31 losses.Mark Buehrle holds the record for making the most Opening Day starts for the White Sox, with nine. Billy Pierce had seven Opening Day starts for the White Sox, Wilbur Wood had five, Tommy Thomas and Jack McDowell each had four, and Frank Smith, Jim Scott, Lefty Williams, Sad Sam Jones, Bill Dietrich, Gary Peters and Tommy John each had three. Several Baseball Hall of Famers have made Opening Day starts for the White Sox, including Ed Walsh, Red Faber, Ted Lyons, Early Wynn and Tom Seaver.The White Sox have played in the World Series five times. They won in 1906, 1917 and 2005, and lost in 1919 and 1959. Frank Owen was the Opening Day starting pitcher in 1906, Williams in 1917 and 1919, Pierce in 1959 and Buehrle in 2005. The White Sox won all five Opening Day games in those seasons.In addition to being the White Sox' Opening Day starter in 1917 and 1919, Williams was also the Opening Day starter in 1920. However, he was suspended from the team later in the season and then banned from baseball for life for his role in throwing the 1919 World Series. Ed Cicotte, who had been the White Sox' 1918 Opening Day starter, was also banned from baseball as a result of his actions during the 1919 World Series. Ken Brett's Opening Day start on April 7, 1977 against the Toronto Blue Jays was the first game in Blue Jays' history. The Blue Jays won the game 9–5.

List of Chicago White Sox nicknames

In the last 100-plus years, the Chicago White Sox have had many players with colorful and memorable nicknames from "Shoeless Joe" Jackson to "Old Aches & Pains" Appling, Minnie the "Cuban Comet" Minoso, "Little Louie" Aparicio, "Black Jack" McDowell, and Frank "The Big Hurt" Thomas. These are some of the best.

Dick Allen: "Wampum"

Sandy Alomar: "Iron Pony"

Luis Aparicio: "Little Louie"

Luke Appling: "Fumblefoot" or "Kid Boots" or "Old Aches & Pains"

Cuke Barrows, Roland Barrows: "Cuke"

Bruno Block, James John Blochowicz: "Bruno"

Ken Boyer: "Cap" or "Captain"

Smoky Burgess, Forrest Harrill Burgess: "Smoky"

Iván Calderón: "Ivan The Terrible"

Norm Cash: "Stormin’ Norman"

Eddie Cicotte: "Knuckles"

Rocky Colavito, Rocco Colavito: "Rocky"

Eddie Collins: "Cocky"

José Contreras: "Commander"

Joe Crede: "Clutch Norris"

Bucky Dent, Russell Earl O’Day: "Bucky" or "Bucky 'Fucking' Dent"

Octavio Dotel: "Ol' Dirty"

Richard Dotson: "Dot"

Brian Downing: "Incredible Hulk"

Red Faber, Urban Clarence Faber: "Red"

Carlton Fisk: "Pudge"

Nellie Fox, Jacob Nelson Fox,: "Nellie", "Little Nel", or "The Mighty Mite"

Freddy García: "Chief"

Ralph Garr: "Road Runner"

Kid Gleason, William Gleason: "Kid"

Goose Gossage, Richard Michael Gossage: "Goose" or "The White Gorilla"

Craig Grebeck: "The Little Hurt"

Bo Jackson, Vincent Edward Jackson: "Bo"

Joe Jackson: "Shoeless Joe"

Bobby Jenks: "Big Bad Bobby Jenks"

Lance Johnson: "One Dog"

Ted Kluszewski: "Big Klu"

Paul Konerko: "Paulie"

Carlos Lee: "El Caballo"

Ted Lyons: "Sunday Teddy"

Jack McDowell: "Black Jack"

Catfish Metkovich, George Michael Metkovich: "Catfish"

Minnie Miñoso, Saturnino Orestes Armas (Arrieta) Miñoso: "Minnie" or "The Cuban Comet"

Blue Moon Odom, Johnny Lee Odom: "Blue Moon"

Magglio Ordóñez: "El Caribe Mayor (The Caribbean Mayor)" or "Mags"

Tom Paciorek: "Wimpy"

Don Pall: "The Pope"

Herbert Perry: "The Milkman"

Bubba Phillips, John Melvin Phillips: "Bubba"

Billy Pierce: "Billy the Kid"

Scott Podsednik: "Pods"

Carlos Quentin: "TCQ"

Tim Raines: "Rock"

Alexei Ramírez: "The Cuban Missile"

Ray Schalk: "The Cracker"

Tom Seaver: "Tom Terrific"

Bill Skowron: "Moose"

Moose Solters, Julius Joseph Soltesz: "Moose" or "Lemons"

Nick Swisher: "Dirty Thirty"

Frank Thomas: "The Big Hurt"

Jim Thome: "Big Jimmy" or "Mr. Incredible"

Javier Vázquez: "The Silent Assassin"

Robin Ventura: "Batman"

Dayán Viciedo: "The Tank"

Ed Walsh: "Big Ed"

Skeeter Webb, James Laverne Webb: "Skeeter"

Hoyt Wilhelm: "Old Sarge"

Walt Williams: "No Neck"

Taffy Wright, Taft Shedron Wright:: "Taffy"

Early Wynn: "Gus"

List of Cleveland Indians Opening Day starting pitchers

The Cleveland Indians are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Cleveland, Ohio. They play in the American League Central division. The first game of the new baseball season is played on Opening Day, and being named the starter that day is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. Since joining the league in 1901, the Indians have used 58 different Opening Day starting pitchers which includes the Opening Day starting pitchers from the Bluebirds and the Naps. They have a record of 58 wins and 54 losses in their Opening Day games.The Indians have played in three different home ball parks, League Park from 1901 through 1946, Cleveland Stadium from 1932 to 1993, and Progressive Field since 1994. From 1934 through 1946 some games were played at League Park and some at Cleveland Stadium. They had a record of 11 wins and 4 losses in Opening Day games at League Park, 9 wins and 13 losses at Cleveland Stadium and 2 wins and 4 losses at Progressive Field, for a total home record in Opening Day games of 22 wins and 21 losses. Their record in Opening Day away games is 35 wins and 35 losses.Bob Feller has the most Opening Day starts for the Indians, with seven. Stan Coveleski had six Opening Day starts for the Indians, Bob Lemon and CC Sabathia each had five Opening Day starts, and Addie Joss, Willie Mitchell, Gaylord Perry and Charles Nagy each had four. Several Baseball Hall of Famers have made Opening Day starts for the Indians, including Feller, Coveleski, Lemon, Joss, Gaylord Perry, Dennis Eckersley and Early Wynn. Brothers Jim Perry and Gaylord Perry each made Opening Day starts for the Indians. Jim Perry started on Opening Day in 1961 and Gaylord Perry made Opening Day starts in 1972, 1973, 1974 and 1975.The Indians have played in the World Series six times. They won in 1920 and 1948, and lost in 1954, 1995, 1997, and 2016. Coveleski was the Opening Day starting pitcher in 1920, Feller in 1948, Wynn in 1954, Dennis Martínez in 1995, Nagy in 1997, and Corey Kluber. The Indians are five and one in Opening Day games in those seasons, with the only loss coming in 2016. The Indians and the Toronto Blue Jays currently hold the record for the longest Opening Day game in Major League history. They set that record on Opening Day 2012, when the game lasted 16 innings. This broke the previous record of 15 innings between the Indians and the Detroit Tigers in 1960.

Oscar Judd

Thomas William Oscar Judd (February 14, 1908 – December 27, 1995) was a Canadian-born professional baseball player.

He appeared in Major League Baseball as a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox (1941–1945) and Philadelphia Phillies (1945–1948).

Judd was primarily used as a starting pitcher during his eight-season career. He made his major league debut in relief on April 16, 1941 against the Washington Senators at Fenway Park. He pitched in just six more games for Boston that year but did earn his first big league save.

His first major league win came in his second season and second major league start, a 13–4 victory over the Senators at Griffith Stadium on April 22, 1942. The losing pitcher was Hall of Famer Early Wynn. Judd finished the season 8–10 with a 3.89 earned run average.

Judd's best season was 1943. The 36-year-old was 11–6 with a 2.90 ERA and was an American League All-Star. Two years later, on May 31, 1945 he was selected off waivers by the Philadelphia Phillies from the Red Sox. His overall record for Boston in five seasons was 20–18 with an ERA of 3.68 in 72 games.

His best season with Philadelphia was 1946, when he won 11 games, lost 12, and hit .316 for a mediocre Phillies team that finished in fifth place with a 69–85 record. He finished in a tie for 36th place in the National League MVP voting.

Judd was 40 years old when he made his final major league appearance on May 11, 1948. He was the sixth-oldest player to appear in a National League game that season.

Career totals for 206 games (161 as a pitcher) include a 40–51 record, 99 games started, 43 complete games, 4 shutouts, 32 games finished, and 7 saves. He allowed 334 earned runs in 771.1 innings pitched for an ERA of 3.90. As a hitter he was well above average for a pitcher, and was used many times a pinch hitter. His lifetime batting average was .262 (83-for-317) with 3 home runs, 19 runs batted in, a .322 on-base percentage, and a slugging average of .356. He only grounded into two double plays during his entire career. Judd finished in his league's top ten five times for wild pitches, leading the National League with 8 in 1947.

Judd died at the age of 87 in Ingersoll, Ontario.

Judd was elected to the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame, in St. Marys, Ontario, in 1986.

BBWAA Vote
Veterans Committee
Negro League Committee
J. G. Taylor Spink Award
Pitchers
Catchers
First basemen
Second basemen
Third basemen
Shortstops
Outfielders
Designated hitters
Managers
Executives /
pioneers
Umpires

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.