The Eternal Word Television Network, more commonly known by its initialism EWTN, is an American basic cable television network which presents around-the-clock Catholic-themed programming. It was founded by Mother Angelica, PCPA, in 1980 and began broadcasting on August 15, 1981, from a garage studio at the Our Lady of the Angels Monastery in Irondale, Alabama, which Mother Angelica founded in 1962. She hosted her own show, Mother Angelica Live, until suffering a major stroke and other health issues in September 2001. Repeats now air as either the Best of Mother Angelica Live or Mother Angelica Live Classics. From then until her death on Easter Sunday of 2016, she led a cloistered life at the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament in Hanceville, Alabama.
The network, through diocesan television channels in other Catholic countries, advertises itself as the EWTN: The Global Catholic Network. Regular programs include a daily Holy Mass and sometimes Tridentine Mass format, the traditional Stations of the Cross, a taped daily recitation of the Rosary, and daily and weekly news, discussion, and Catechetical programs for both adults and children. Christmas and Easter programming; the installation Masses of bishops and cardinals; coverage of World Youth Days; and papal visits, deaths, funerals, conclaves, and elections are also presented. EWTN also has a presence on satellite and shortwave radio. Spanish language broadcasts are available on all platforms. On December 8, 2009, EWTN began broadcasting in high-definition.
The network's current chairman of the board and chief executive officer is Michael P. Warsaw. While the network has trustees, it does not have shareholders or owners. A majority of the network's funding is from viewer donations about which it advertises 100% viewer supported, which keeps it from advertising secular or non-Catholic programming. Its traditional plea for donations is "Keep us between your gas and electric bill".[note 1]
EWTN also contributes to the publication of the National Catholic Register newspaper, which it acquired in January 2011, and to reports of Catholic News Agency, which it also owns. The network maintains an online presence through its primary site, EWTN.com, and it has a dedicated commercial site, EWTNReligiousCatalogue.com.
|Launched||15 August 1981|
|Owned by||Eternal Word Television Network Inc.|
|Picture format||480i (SDTV)16:9/4:3|
|Slogan||The Global Catholic Network|
Live Truth. Live Catholic.
|WEWN (Eternal Word Radio Network)||Shortwave radio frequencies|
|DirecTV (US)||Channel 370|
|Dish Network (US)||Channel 261|
|Tata Sky (India)||Channel 559|
|Optus D2 (152°E)||12519 MHz V 22500|
|AsiaSat 5 (100.5°E)||3700 MHz V 30000|
|Intelsat 19 (166°E)||3940 MHz H 27690|
|Intelsat 20 (68.5°E)||4064 MHz H 19850|
|Sky Direct (Philippines)||Channel 23|
|Cignal Digital TV (Philippines)||Channel 181|
|Sky Italia||Channel 965|
|Sky (UK & Ireland)||Channel 588|
|Astra 2G (28.2°E)||11264 V 27500 2/3|
|First Media (ID)||Channel 29|
|BiG TV (ID)||Channel 617|
|Sky Cable / Destiny Cable (Philippines)||Channel 76|
|Verizon Fios (US)||Channel 285|
|Xfinity (US)||Channel 42 (SD)|
Channel 291 (SD)
Channel 1318 (HD)
|CableLink TV (Philippines)||Channel 75|
|Sirius Satellite Radio||Channel 130|
|eir Vision (Ireland)||Channel 589|
|Digital media receiver||Roku|
Mother Angelica made her profession of vows in 1953. In 1962 she established Our Lady of the Angels monastery. During the 1970s, she was an in-demand lecturer and produced pamphlets and audio and video tapes. She had been a guest on local station WBMG (currently WIAT, Channel 42), and on shows on the Christian Broadcasting Network and the Trinity Broadcasting Network. After she gave an interview on then-Christian station WCFC (Channel 38) in Chicago, she decided she wanted her own network. "I walked in, and it was just a little studio, and I remember standing in the doorway and thinking, 'It doesn't take much to reach the masses'. I just stood there and said to the Lord, 'Lord, I've got to have one of these'".
Mother Angelica purchased satellite space and EWTN began broadcasting on August 15, 1981, with four hours of daily programming, which included her own show, Mother Angelica Live (aired bi-weekly), a Sunday Mass, and reruns of older Catholic programs such as Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen's Life Is Worth Living. The remainder of the time was filled with shows produced by dioceses across the country, shows from Protestant sources which Mother Angelica determined were in concert with Catholic teachings, and children's shows such as Joy Junction and The Sunshine Factory. About one-third of programming time consisted of secular content, such as re-runs of The Bill Cosby Show, public domain films, and cooking and western-themed shows. EWTN eventually increased its broadcast schedule to six hours per day and then to eight hours per day by 1986. Secular content was gradually reduced from 1986 to 1988, and satellite distribution was expanded late in 1987, after which EWTN acquired a far more desirable satellite channel and began broadcasting around the clock. At this point, EWTN began broadcasting the praying of the rosary on a daily basis and added a number of educational shows. In-house production of original programming gradually increased. The Mass became televised daily in 1991 from a chapel on the monastery grounds. Most shows from non-Catholic sources were eliminated and a more theological image gradually developed.
In 1999, programs included Mother Angelica Live and "Life Is Worth Living" with Fulton J. Sheen. WGSN in North Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, was an affiliate. Current radio programs include Open Line in which callers can have their questions regarding the Catholic Faith answered.
In January 2011, EWTN acquired the National Catholic Register, a newspaper founded in Denver, Colorado, in 1924 as a periodical for local Catholics, and which became a national publication three years later. EWTN officially assumed total control on February 1, 2011. EWTN also owns ‘Catholic News Agency’ which is a Catholic news service with bureaus across America, Latin America and Europe.
The EWTN news department produces a daily news service for television and radio, featuring news sources including Vatican Radio. It also produces The World Over Live, which reports relevant current events. Journalist and author Raymond Arroyo, who is EWTN's news director, hosts the program. The program is conservative in its political orientation and generally conservative in its religious orientation. Notable guests have included Robert Rector of the Heritage Foundation, author and activist George Weigel, political commentator Laura Ingraham, conservative political commentator Pat Buchanan, and the late columnist and commentator Robert Novak, a Jewish convert to the Catholic Faith.
In its early history, EWTN broadcast Catholic programming from a great variety of Catholic sources, which ranged from Catholic charismatic programming, such as that of Fr. Michael Manning, to programs focusing on social reform and social justice, such as Christopher Closeup, to doctrinal programs hosted by clergy.
In the early 1990s, EWTN began producing more of its own programs. This effort marked a conspicuously conservative shift in its overall orientation, with programs on topics of social reform and justice gradually eliminated and replaced by programs on doctrine and programs of dialogue. The shift was apparent in the daily televised Masses, which, in 1992, began incorporating Latin into the liturgy and gradually eliminated contemporary music. Some untelevised Masses are totally in English and some include more contemporary music. On Christmas Eve of 1993, Mother Angelica and the nuns of her order reverted to traditional habits. From 1992 on, the Latin portions of the Mass included the Gloria, introduction of the Gospel readings, the Sanctus, and the remainder of the Mass after the Great Amen, beginning with the Lord's Prayer.
Among its notable weekly programs are The Journey Home and Life on the Rock. The Journey Home, hosted by Marcus Grodi, presents converts to the Catholic Faith. Grodi himself is a former Presbyterian minister who converted to the Catholic Faith in 1992. Although most guests are former Protestants, former members of non-Christian faiths (such as Judaism) and former atheists occasionally appear. Life on the Rock is hosted by Rev. Mark Mary, MFVA and Doug Barry.
In October 2011, EWTN became available through the Roku streaming player. The player provides six live channels of EWTN at no cost, including English, Spanish, and German languages, thus permitting users to view the channel on their televisions. In addition, select EWTN programs can be viewed through the video on demand option, and a live feed of EWTN Radio is available.
Often EWTN airs special programming: holiday-specific programs; coverage of the deaths of Supreme Pontiffs; Papal conclaves, elections, inaugurations, and visits; Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, and Easter Masses; installations of bishops, archbishops, and cardinals; and World Youth Days.
In a 1993 episode of Mother Angelica Live, Mother Angelica harshly criticized a mimed re-enactment of the Stations of the Cross at the World Youth Day in Denver, Colorado, which Pope John Paul II attended. Mother Angelica was angered that a woman was playing Jesus. Archbishop Rembert Weakland of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee criticized Mother Angelica's comment as "one of the most disgraceful, un-Christian, offensive, and divisive diatribes I have ever heard". Mother Angelica responded that "He didn't think a woman playing Jesus was offensive? He can go put his head in the back toilet as far as I am concerned!"
In 1997, Mother Angelica publicly criticized Cardinal Roger Mahony, then Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, for his pastoral letter on the Eucharist, "Gather Faithfully Together: A Guide for Sunday Mass", which she perceived as lacking emphasis on transubstantiation: "I'm afraid my obedience in that diocese would be absolutely zero. And I hope everybody else's in that diocese is zero". Cardinal Mahony regarded her comments as accusing him of heresy. Mother Angelica later conditionally apologized for her comments.
In 1999, Bishop David E. Foley of the Diocese of Birmingham, Alabama, issued a decree prohibiting priests in his diocese from celebrating Mass ad orientem (which literally denotes "to the east" but in this case means with his back to the people) under most circumstances. Although the decree did not specifically name EWTN, supporters and critics generally agreed that the decree, which applied to "...any Mass that is or will be televised for broadcast or videotaped for public dissemination", was authored specifically to target EWTN. Bishop Foley stated that the practice of the priest facing away from the congregation "amounts to making a political statement and is dividing the people."
In 2000, Archbishop Roberto González Nieves of San Juan, Puerto Rico, performed an apostolic visitation of EWTN. Nieves determined that it had three distinct problems: its actual ownership, the associated monastery's right to donate property to EWTN, and, since she had never been elected, the authority of Mother Angelica. Subsequently the matter was resolved when, in 2009, the Holy See directly bestowed the Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice award on Mother Angelica and the leaders of EWTN to express gratitude for their service to the Church.
EWTN is the largest religious media network in the world, and it claims a reach of a quarter-billion people in 140 countries. The network is unrated in the United States, though internal data suggests millions of viewers watch per month. On YouTube and other social media platforms, EWTN has more than 1,000,000 active followers and online viewers. EWTN is also available on demand on streaming services Roku, Kindle, and Apple TV. EWTN's Internet site is viewed 2-4 million times monthly, according to SimilarWeb. In the United States, EWTN is available through most cable and satellite providers with a reach of around 80 million viewers. EWTN had an annual revenue of $60,084,643 in 2016, and holds an 86% positive rating through Charity Navigator.
EWTN's logo has incorporated a globe outline in some form since the network's launch in 1981 to suggest the network's hope of a worldwide reach, usually with an outline of the dome of St. Peter's Basilica within a profile of a satellite dish inside of it. The network had the sub-branding of the "Catholic Cable Network" until 1995, when with the launch of DirecTV and Dish direct satellite broadcasters (where it was a charter network with both providers) it took a new sub-branding of "International Catholic Network", then "Global Catholic Network" in 1996 after uploading its signal for worldwide viewing.
Catholic Answers, based in El Cajon, California, is the largest lay-run apostolate of Roman Catholic apologetics and evangelization in the United States. It publishes Catholic Answers Magazine, a bimonthly magazine focusing on Catholic outreach, religious formation and apologetics, as well as the website catholic.com. It also produces Catholic Answers Live, a radio show answering callers' questions on a variety of topics related to the doctrines and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Catholic Answers Live is syndicated on the EWTN radio network.Catholic Answers operates with the permission of the Diocese of San Diego. It is listed in the current edition of The Official Catholic Directory, the authoritative listing of U.S. Catholic organizations, priests, and bishops.Catholic News Agency
The Catholic News Agency (CNA) is an institution of EWTN that provides news related to the Catholic Church to the global anglophone audience. Founded in 2004 as the English section of the worldwide ACI Group, it is headquartered in Denver, Colorado, United States. Its executive director is Peruvian journalist Alejandro Bermudez. Its editor-in-chief is author and canon lawyer JD Flynn.
Its editors' service provides free news, features, commentary, and photojournalism to editors of newspapers. Other news services such as EWTN, the National Catholic Register, and Christian News Wire report news that CNA provides.CNA is the sister agency of the Spanish-language news agency ACI Prensa. In 2014 CNA and ACI Group announced that they would merge with EWTN.Family Theater
Family Theater is a dramatic anthology radio show which aired on the Mutual Broadcasting System in the United States from February 13, 1947, to September 11, 1957.Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word
The Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word (MFVA, Latin for Missionarii Franciscani Verbi Aeterni) is a Public Clerical Association of the Faithful, located in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Birmingham in Alabama. They were founded in 1987 by Mother Angelica, who also founded the Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN) and the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament in Hanceville, Alabama.
The primary residence of the Friars is in Irondale, Alabama, and is next door to EWTN. They also have residences in Emmitsburg, Maryland, where their seminarians attend the seminary at Mount Saint Mary's University, and in Hanceville, near the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament.
The Friars' apostolate is to communicate the Catholic faith by word and example. It involves using the media: television, radio and the Internet, as well as publishing and conducting retreats. Currently, they focus their attention on the television and radio ministry, in addition to providing for the spiritual needs of the Poor Clares of Perpetual Adoration, the EWTN employees, and the visitors who come to EWTN and the Shrine.
Many of the Friars take classes during the school year, either at Mount Saint Mary's University or in their own House of Studies adjacent to the Friary in Birmingham. In contrast to Franciscan communities that focus on the corporal works of mercy, the Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word devote themselves to the spiritual works of mercy. Therefore, they study to gain a deep knowledge of the Catholic faith and practice communicating it effectively.
Adapting to the needs of the time, they have developed into an active religious institute, but still maintain elements of the contemplative life. In addition to praying the Liturgy of the Hours, the Friars devote an hour each day to Eucharistic Adoration and pray the daily Rosary.
The community is composed of priests and seminarians, as well as consecrated brothers.Fátima prayers
The Fátima prayers (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈfatimɐ]) are five Catholic prayers that originate from the Marian apparitions at Fátima, Portugal, in 1917. The Decade Prayer, as the best known of these five prayers, is commonly added at the end of each decade of the Dominican Rosary, one of the most popular devotional practices in Roman Catholicism. Another two other prayers are also associated with the visions and may be classed as Fátima Prayers. However, they did not come to existence in Fátima but in Spain many years later. This brings the number of prayers to seven.Irondale, Alabama
Irondale is a city in Jefferson County, Alabama, United States. It is a suburb of Birmingham, northeast of Homewood and Mountain Brook. At the 2010 census the population was 12,349. The setting of the book (later a film) Fried Green Tomatoes, by Irondale native Fannie Flagg, is loosely based on the town and the landmark Irondale Cafe, known as The Whistle-Stop Cafe in the book & film. Irondale is also the location of Catholic radio/television broadcaster EWTN. The city's annual Whistle-Stop Festival attracts thousands to its eclectic mix of art, food and music.KJMA
KJMA (89.7 MHz) is a non-commercial FM radio station licensed to Floresville, Texas, and serving the southern suburbs of the San Antonio metropolitan area. It broadcasts a Catholic radio format.It is affiliated with the Guadalupe Radio Network and is owned by the La Promesa Foundation. Some of the programming comes from the EWTN Radio Network.
The transmitter is off County Road 239 in Wilson County, Texas.KVXR
KVXR (1280 AM) is a radio station located in Moorhead, MN airing Catholic programming the Real Presence Radio, including programming from the national EWTN Radio network. KVXR is owned by Real Presence Radio of Grand Forks, North DakotaKWTL
KWTL (1370 AM) is a radio station airing Catholic talk radio programming. The station is the flagship station for Real Presence Radio covering parts of three states and two Canadian provinces. KWTL airs EWTN National programming and produces local shows like "Real Presence LIVE" and "The Catholic Coach with Tim Mosser". Local Programming includes interviews and guests from across the Red River Valley and across the Area Dioceses.Mother Angelica
Mother Mary Angelica of the Annunciation, PCPA (born Rita Antoinette Rizzo; April 20, 1923 – March 27, 2016), also known as Mother Angelica, was a Catholic American Poor Clare nun best known for her television personality. She was also the founder of the internationally broadcast cable television network Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN) and the radio network WEWN.In 1981, Mother Angelica started broadcasting religious programs from a converted garage in Birmingham, Alabama. Over the next twenty years, she developed a media network that included radio, TV, and internet channels as well as printed media. In 2009, Mother Angelica was a recipient of the Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice Award granted by Pope Benedict XVI for services to the Catholic Church.Mother Angelica hosted shows on EWTN until she had a stroke in 2001. She continued to live in the cloistered monastery in Hanceville, Alabama, until her death at age 92 on March 27, 2016 (Easter Sunday).National Catholic Register
The National Catholic Register is the oldest national Catholic newspaper in the United States. It was founded on November 8, 1927, by Matthew J. Smith as the National Edition of the Denver Catholic Register.
Content includes news and features from the United States, the Vatican, and worldwide, on such topics as culture, education, books, arts and entertainment, as well as interviews. Online content includes various blogs and breaking news.
The Register's print edition is published (bi-weekly, 26 times a year) and owned by Eternal Word Television Network, Inc. Tom Wehner has been the managing editor since 2009. Jeanette DeMelo became editor in chief in 2012.Relevant Radio
Relevant Radio (corporate name Immaculate Heart Media, Inc.) is a radio network in the United States, mainly broadcasting talk radio and religious programming involving the Catholic Church. It is the largest Catholic radio network by owned station base. Since it merged with Immaculate Heart Radio in 2017, the network has 62 stations and 63 affiliate stations with an estimated reach of 36 states and 136 million people; though the radio network of EWTN is larger with nearly 400 affiliates with a 45-state reach, that network owns only one shortwave station. The network originates from studios in Green Bay, Wisconsin, with additional studios in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Madison, Wisconsin, Chicago, Illinois, Austin, Texas, and Newark, New Jersey.
The network airs a variety of programming aimed at practicing Catholics, mostly in a listener-interactive talk format. "Morning Air", which the network describes as "a classic drive-time format that combines inspiration & entertainment" was the first program developed by Relevant Radio in 2003. The network now airs almost exclusive programming developed internally, which also is available to stream live or by podcast on a free mobile app.WCVC
WCVC is a radio station broadcasting on 1330 kilohertz in Tallahassee, Florida. WCVC is owned and operated by Guadalupe Radio Network of Midland Texas, and broadcasts a Catholic talk format from EWTN. It was a Christian-formatted station, then changed its format in April 2001 to a talk radio station, with callers and hosts discussing news and events of national and local interest. The station changed its format again, to EWTN, in August 2005.WEWN
WEWN is the shortwave radio outlet of the EWTN, a large Catholic international broadcaster. It was launched by Mother Angelica on December 28, 1992. The station broadcasts from the city of Irondale, Alabama, on the outskirts of Birmingham. There are four transmitters capable of 500 kilowatts each, but are run no higher than 250 kW. The station currently transmits English programming to Africa, Southeast Asia, the Middle East and Europe, and Spanish programming to South America, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America. Programming is similar to that of the network's television channel.
On March 30, 2008, EWTN ceased all Shortwave transmissions to North America and expanded its English language coverage of WEWN to India, the Middle East and Southeast Asia. Spanish Language coverage was also expanded to Cuba, South America, Mexico and the Caribbean. Previously WEWN only broadcast to North America, Latin America, Africa and Europe.WMMA (AM)
WMMA (1480 AM) is a radio station licensed to the community of Irondale, Alabama, United States, and serving the greater Birmingham, Alabama, area. The station, which began broadcasting in 1960, is currently owned by La Promesa Foundation. It airs a Catholic radio format including some programming provided by EWTN.WNOC
WNOC (89.7 FM, "Annunciation Radio") is a non-commercial educational radio station licensed to serve the community of Bowling Green, Ohio and serving the Toledo and Bowling Green areas with Catholic programming within the northern portion of the Toledo diocese. It is the second Catholic station to make its debut in the Toledo Diocese in the summer of 2010, the other being WJTA "Holy Family Radio" licensed in Glandorf, Ohio and transmitting from Leipsic. WNOC airs local programming in addition to programs from EWTN Radio, and Ave Maria Radio.WNOP (AM)
WNOP is a radio station located in Newport, Kentucky that can be heard in/around the Cincinnati area. It now broadcasts for Cincinnati's Catholic community and archdiocesan base and is an affiliate of EWTN radio for most (if not all) of its programming.
WNOP was a jazz station for 38 years, except for a brief run as a CNN Headline News affiliate from 1992 to 1994. WNOP's current religious talk format started on December 31, 2000,WOPG-FM
WOPG-FM is a Catholic radio station licensed to Esperance, New York and owned by Pax et Bonum, Inc. The station broadcasts at 89.9 MHz at 1,400 watts effective radiated power and serves the Mohawk Valley and Capital District. The station primarily carries satellite-fed programming by EWTN Radio.WSJG-LP
WSJG-LP a.k.a. St. John Paul The Great Radio a non-commercial low-power FM broadcasting station at 103.3 mHz in Tiffin, Ohio is the seventh Catholic station in the Toledo Diocese and is named in honor of Pope John Paul II who is now a canonized saint.
Its construction permit was granted by the FCC on February 12, 2014.. Test transmissions of WSJG began on January 1, 2015 and ended on January 27, 2015 when regular programming commenced.
WSJG airs Catholic programming from EWTN Global Catholic Radio for Tiffin and surrounding communities in Seneca County...At first WSJG while in the construction phase of its studio began airing EWTN via an audiofeed of Toledo-based Annunciation Radio (originated by WNOC) and breaking-in with a local legal ID at the top of the hour then switching back to Annunciation's programming. In May 2015 it was announced that WSJG's on-air studio has completed construction and is now airing local programmning as well as from EWTN.
WSJG currently has a web presence on Facebook and is asking listeners to inform the station as to how the signal is reaching their home localities. An official website is now online.
St. John Paul The Great Radio
Tiffin, OH 44883
|Family and health|
of the faithful