EDF Energy

EDF Energy is an integrated energy company in the United Kingdom, with operations spanning electricity generation and the sale of gas and electricity to homes and businesses throughout the United Kingdom. It employs 13,331 people, and handles 5.7 million customer accounts.[1] [2] [3]

EDF Energy plc
HeadquartersLondon, England, UK
Key people
Simone Rossi (CEO)
RevenueIncrease£8,030 million GBP
Number of employees
ParentÉlectricité de France


EDF Energy Customers (trading as EDF Energy) is wholly owned by the French state owned EDF[4] (Électricité de France) and was formed in January 2002, following the acquisition and mergers of SEEBOARD Plc (formerly the South Eastern Electricity Board), London Electricity Plc (formerly the London Electricity Board or LEB), SWEB Energy Plc (formerly the South Western Electricity Board) and two coal fired power stations and a combined cycle gas turbine power station.

In 2009, EDF Energy took control of the nuclear generator in the United Kingdom, British Energy, buying share capital from the government. This made EDF Energy one of the largest generators in the United Kingdom,[3] as well as the largest distribution network operator.

The Development Branch of EDF Energy was formed in April 2004, bringing together the separate infrastructure interests of what were LE Group, SEEBOARD and SWEB. The focus for the Branch is development activity through the participation in major new infrastructure projects, largely in the public sector through Public-private partnership (PPP) and Private Finance Initiative (PFI) type schemes. The Development Branch of EDF Energy was later dissolved in October 2006.

The electricity distribution (or downstream) networks formerly known as EDF Energy Networks were sold in November, 2010 to Hong Kong based Cheung Kong Group (CKG), owned by billionaire Li Ka Shing. Later, EDF Energy Networks was renamed to UK Power Networks. In December 2014, EDF sold three small United Kingdom based wind farms with a combine capacity of 73 megawatts to the China General Nuclear Power Group for an estimated £100 million.[5]

In November 2017, EDF Energy sold its majority stake in five wind farms across Cambridgeshire and Lincolnshire for £98 million.[6]

No Dash For Gas action

In February 2013 EDF Energy sought an estimated £5 million in damages from environmental activists from the No Dash for Gas campaign, who occupied the EDF owned West Burton CCGT power station in October 2012, and pleaded guilty to charges of aggravated trespass.[7][8]

It is unusual in the United Kingdom for companies to seek damages from protesters.[9] Environmentalist George Monbiot, writing in the Guardian, said EDF was conducting a strategic lawsuit against public participation, "part of a global strategy by corporations to stifle democracy", and predicted the "disastrous unintended consequences of an attempt at censorship" could result in the Streisand effect and be comparable to the McLibel case.[10]

The activists received support in the days since the case became public, with over six thousand signatures on a supportive petition at Change.org within the first day, and over 64,000[11] by the time EDF dropped their lawsuit on 13 March 2013, saying that this was "a fair and reasonable solution" after the protesters had "agreed in principle to accept a permanent injunction which prevents them from entering multiple sites operated by EDF Energy".[12]

Electricity generation

Fossil fuel

EDF owns two 2,000 MW coal fired power stations, Cottam and West Burton, both located near Retford in Nottinghamshire,[13] giving EDF the highest coal fired generational capacity of any energy company in the United Kingdom.[14] It also owns the 790 MW Sutton Bridge CCGT power station,[15] and constructed a new 1,311 MW CCGT station at West Burton, which opened in 2011.[16]


EDF also owns and operates three wind farms, at Kirkheaton in Northumberland and the High Hedley Hope wind farm near Tow Law in County Durham, and the Teesside Offshore Wind near Redcar, Teesside.[17]


Following the acquisition of British Energy in 2009, the EDF Energy portfolio includes eight nuclear power stations. They are seven AGR power stations (Dungeness B; Hinkley Point B; Hunterston B; Hartlepool; Heysham 1; Heysham 2 & Torness) and one PWR power station (Sizewell B) and total nearly 9,000 MW of installed capacity.

In 2007, EDF announced its intention to construct up to four new EPR reactors;[18] two at Hinkley Point C (currently scheduled to start operation in 2025 [19]) and two at Sizewell C. EDF plans to build and operate the new plants through its subsidiary NNB Generation Company (NNB GenCo).

In August 2014, the company announced it had shut down four of its 15 reactors for a period of eight weeks to investigate potential cracking in the boiler spine.[20] In February 2016, EDF announced that it would keep four of its nuclear plants open in the United Kingdom. Heysham 1 and Hartlepool will have their life extended by five years until 2024, while Heysham 2 and Torness will see their closure dates pushed back by seven years to 2030.[21]

Renewable energy

The Ecologist magazine[22] reported that in 2004, EDF Energy spent virtually nothing on the construction of new renewable energy generation. On their website EDF reports that it is currently investing GBP 2 million in Marine Current Turbines,[23] which use tidal power to generate electricity; however, these turbines are still at the research and prototype phase and EDF expect them to be operational "within the next five years" dependent upon "a successful pilot."[23] EDF also has several ongoing renewable developments in windfarms.[24]

In 2007, EDF had an installed renewable energy generating capacity of 1.8MW, representing 0.08% of their total capacity of approximately 4,865MW.[25] In June 2008, EDF announced the formation of EDF Energy Renewables, a 50:50 joint venture with EDF Energies Nouvelles, with the stated intention of becoming a 'major force in the United Kingdom renewable energies market'.[26]

In July 2009, Ecotricity started legal proceedings[27] against EDF Energy for the alleged misuse of the Green Union Flag logo, used to promote the Team Green Britain campaign. In April 2013, the 62 MW offshore Teesside Wind Farm started operation.[28]

Carbon intensity

Year Production (TWh) Emission (Gt CO2) kg CO2/MWh
2002 20 15.8 772
2003 23 17.5 776
2004 25 20.5 812
2005 23 18.5 807
2006 25 20.8 818
2007 26 21.1 826
2008 27 21.9 805
2009 72 23.8 330


London Eye at night 2
EDF Energy London Eye

EDF Energy has sponsored several shows on ITV, including Soapstar Superstar and City Lights. It also sponsored coverage of the 2006 World Cup in Germany (shared with Budweiser) and coverage of the 2007 Rugby World Cup (shared with Peugeot)

Since 2005, EDF Energy has been the main sponsor of the EDF Energy Cup – the Rugby Union domestic cup for the twelve clubs in the English Premiership and the four Welsh regions – also known as the Anglo-Welsh Cup. In July 2007, EDF Energy was confirmed as another Level One sponsor for London 2012 with exclusive branding rights and Olympic team sponsorship for the 2008, 2010 and 2012 games as well as being the official energy provider.

In August 2008, EDF Energy formed a partnership with The British Red Cross to help vulnerable people to get support during power failures.[29] In January 2011, EDF Energy took over sponsorship from British Airways of the London Eye, on a three year deal renaming the London Eye as the EDF Energy London Eye.[30]


On 4 January 2008, EDF Energy began advertising on the television through ITV, Channel 4, Channel 5 and various Satellite channels. EDF Energy are using "It's not easy being green" as their slogan to target a new greener eco friendly image.[31] In 2009, with Euro RSCG London, EDF Energy created the Team Green Britain campaign, in which Olympic athletes encouraged Britons to be more environmentally aware.[32]

On 2 April 2012, EDF Energy launched an advert, including their new mascot, Zingy.

Distribution network operators

EDF Energy is an energy supplier for homes across the country. They do not however manage the network of towers and cables that distributes electricity, these are maintained by distribution network operators (DNOs) which vary from region to region. If, for instance, there is a power outage it is necessary to contact the appropriate DNO rather than the energy supplier. See entry on distribution network operator for a full list.[33]

EDF Energy's main locations

EDF Energy's main offices are located in London, Exeter, Sunderland, Hove, Crawley and Barnwood .

See also


  1. ^ a b https://www.edf.fr/sites/default/files/contrib/groupe-edf/espaces-dedies/espace-finance-fr/informations-financieres/informations-reglementees/document-de-reference/edf-ddr_2016-en.pdf
  2. ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 72" (PDF). EDF Group.
  3. ^ a b "About British Energy". British Energy.
  4. ^ "Shareholder Information". EDF Energy.
  5. ^ "China's CGN to buy three small UK wind farms from EDF" (Press release). Reuters. 15 December 2014.
  6. ^ "EDF sells majority stake in five UK wind farms". businessgreen.com. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  7. ^ Garvin, Daniel (21 February 2013). "How to occupy a power station: exclusive footage of No Dash For Gas as they prepare to shut down the West Burton plant – video". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 March 2013. Environmental activists No Dash For Gas occupied two 300ft chimneys at the EDF-owned gas-fired power station in West Burton, Nottinghamshire, in November 2012. Exclusive footage shows the group's meticulous preparation for the action. They closed the facility for eight days – the longest occupation of a power plant in the United Kingdom. Protesters reject government plans to invest heavily in new gas power stations and instead call for massive investment in renewables
  8. ^ "Press release: EDF suing climate activists for £5 million - protesters face losing homes". No Dash for Gas. 20 February 2013. Archived from the original on 23 April 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013. Following the week-long shut-down and occupation of EDF's West Burton gas-fired power station last October by campaign group 'No Dash for Gas', EDF has launched a civil claim for damages against the group and associated activists for costs the company claims to have incurred – a figure it puts at £5 million
  9. ^ Ball, James (20 February 2013). "Activists claim police siding with power company EDF in lawsuit". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 February 2013. The action includes an injunction barring those named from the site, but – in an unusual move in the UK – also has a provision to recover damages, interest, and court costs from the activists. ... John Sauven, the executive director of Greenpeace ... "EDF's lawsuit represents the opening of a new front against peaceful protest"
  10. ^ Monbiot, George (25 February 2013). "Will EDF become the Barbra Streisand of climate protest?". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 March 2013. The energy giant is part of a global strategy by corporations to stifle democracy. ... The Streisand effect, in other words, is blowback: disastrous unintended consequences of an attempt at censorship. ... The best-known example is Britain's famous McLibel case, in which McDonald's tried to sue two penniless activists. ... EDF might find itself in similar trouble.
  11. ^ Read, Simon (14 March 2013). "Energy giant EDF drops lawsuit against climate change protesters after backlash". The Independent. Retrieved 14 March 2013. Campaigners claimed the climb down as a major victory after a backlash in which hundreds of customers deserted the company and 64,000 people signed an online petition.
  12. ^ Ball, James (13 March 2013). "EDF drops lawsuit against environmental activists after backlash". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  13. ^ "Generating energy". Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  14. ^ - Department of Energy and Climate Change 'Digest of UK energy statistics' (DUKES) Archived 28 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Generating energy". Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  16. ^ West Burton Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Station, EDF Web Site
  17. ^ "Generating energy". Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  18. ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 74" (PDF). EDF Group.
  19. ^ Point, Hinkley (21 October 2015). "Press release: Agreements in place for construction of Hinkley Point C nuclear power station". EDF Energy. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  20. ^ "Defect in UK nuclear plant boiler leads EDF Energy to shut four reactors". Business Sun. 11 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  21. ^ "EDF to keep four UK nuclear plants open for years longer - BBC News". Bbc.com. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
  22. ^ "Green Electricity… Are you being conned". The Ecologist. 1 June 2005. Archived from the original on 29 June 2007.
  23. ^ a b "EDF Energy powers Marine Current Turbine's First Commercial Prototype". EDF Website. 3 January 2006.
  24. ^ "EDF Renewables Generation & Development". Performance Report 2005.
  25. ^ "EDF Group 2007 Annual Report, PDF page 75" (PDF). EDF Group.
  26. ^ "EDF Energies Nouvelles and EDF Energy to form joint venture in the United Kingdom". Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  27. ^ "Exclusive: Ecotricity threatens legal action against EDF in green Union flag row". Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  28. ^ Andrew Lee (30 April 2013). "First power from EDF's Teesside". Recharge. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  29. ^ "News - British Red Cross". www.redcross.org.uk. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  30. ^ EDF Energy website, accessed 7 August 2012 Archived 11 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ "Save today, Save tomorrow, EDF Energy". Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  32. ^ "How to save energy ? - Electricity and Gas Saving Tips". Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  33. ^ "The GB electricity distribution network". Retrieved 4 August 2014.

External links

2006–07 EDF Energy Cup

The 2006–07 EDF Energy Cup marked the 36th season of the English Rugby Union cup competition. It was the second season under the new Anglo-Welsh format and the first with EDF Energy as title sponsor. The competition began on 1 September and concluded with the final on Sunday 15 April at Twickenham, where Leicester Tigers beat the Ospreys 41-35.

The teams competing remained the same as the previous season with the exception of newly promoted NEC Harlequins, replacing Leeds Tykes, who were relegated to National Division One.

2007–08 EDF Energy Cup

The 2007–08 EDF Energy Cup was the 37th season of England's national rugby union cup competition, and the third to follow the recently adopted Anglo-Welsh format.

As in the previous two years, the competition is contested between the 12 teams of the Guinness Premiership and the four Welsh regions from the Celtic League. The 16 teams are arranged into four pools, with one Welsh and three English teams in each. Teams are randomly drawn into groups, as opposed to previous years when English sides were grouped according to proximity to one another. Each team plays the other team from their group only once, meaning that two teams in each group face two away games, whereas the other two teams have two home games.

2008–09 EDF Energy Cup

The 2008-09 Anglo-Welsh Cup, known as the EDF Energy Cup for sponsorship reasons, was the 38th season of England's national rugby union cup competition, and the fourth to follow the recently adopted Anglo-Welsh format.

As in the previous two years, the competition is contested between the twelve teams of the Guinness Premiership and the four Welsh regions from the Celtic League. The sixteen teams are arranged into four pools, with one Welsh and three English teams in each. Teams are randomly drawn into groups, as opposed to previous years when English sides were grouped according to proximity to one another. Each team plays the other team from their group only once, meaning that two teams in each group face two away games, whereas the other two teams have two home games.

Anglo-Welsh Cup

The Anglo-Welsh Cup (Welsh: Cwpan Eingl-Gymreig), was a cross-border rugby union knock-out cup competition that featured the 12 Premiership Rugby clubs and the four Welsh regions.

The competition was seen by most clubs as a tournament to experiment with younger and upcoming players, with many regular team starters rested from the match day squad. Prior to 2005 the cup was an all-English competition, and before the establishment of the English league structure in 1987 represented the premier competition in English club rugby.The competition was replaced by the Premiership Rugby Cup, involving only the 12 English Premiership clubs, beginning with the 2018–19 season.

Basil Scarsella

Basil Scarsella (born in Italy) is an Australian businessman. He is a former CEO of ETSA Utilities and Northern Gas Networks. He is the current CEO of UK Power Networks, formerly EDF Energy Networks. He was also President of the Oceania Football Confederation between 2000 and 2003, and is a former Member of the Executive Committee of FIFA.

Bournemouth Daily Echo

The Bournemouth Daily Echo, commonly known as the Daily Echo (a.k.a. the Bournemouth Echo), is a local newspaper that covers the area of southeast Dorset, England, including the towns of Poole, Bournemouth, Christchurch. Published by Newsquest (Southern) Limited, issues appear Monday to Saturday inclusive with a daily circulation of 16,395 as of January 2013.The newspaper was first published on 20 August 1900, and the centenary of the paper was celebrated in, Echoes of the Century, a book published by the Daily Echo in 2000 that chronicles the history and reportage of a century. In October 2006, the EDF Energy London and South of England Media Awards awarded The Daily Echo the title of Daily Newspaper of the Year. In the same competition, the paper also won Columnist of the Year and Environmental Journalist of the Year for the work of Faith Eckersall and Natalie Bruckner, respectively.The paper was heavily involved in reporting the Tesco bomb campaign, an attempted extortion against Tesco stores in the Bournemouth area in 2000–01, including placing classified adverts on behalf of the police to allow them to communicate with the perpetrator.The Newspaper's most famous journalist was the writer Bill Bryson, who worked for the Bournemouth Evening Echo in the late 1970s.

EDF Energy Trophy

The EDF National Trophy was a cup competition which ran from 2006 to 2009 for the 118 clubs of the Rugby Football Union from National Division One and below. Previously these teams had played in the Powergen Cup, but were excluded from that cup under a new format adopted for the 2005–06 season. The Trophy was replaced by the British and Irish Cup from the 2009–10 season.

The EDF National Trophy retained the knock-out structure of the old Powergen Cup.

In addition to gate receipts, prize money was awarded on an elimination basis. Teams who exited the competition in the third round were reported to have earned £5,500, teams eliminated in the fourth round were paid £6,600 for their participation.

Heysham nuclear power station

Heysham Power Station is a nuclear power station in Heysham, Lancashire, England, operated by EDF Energy. The site is divided into two separately-managed stations, Heysham 1 and Heysham 2, both with two reactors of the advanced gas-cooled reactor (AGR) type.

In 2010, the British government announced that Heysham was one of the eight sites it considered suitable for future nuclear power stations.On 1 August 2016, Heysham 2's Unit 8 broke the world record for longest continuous operation of a nuclear generator without a shutdown. This record-breaking run exceeds the previous record of 894 days set by Pickering Nuclear Generating Station's Unit 7 (Lake Ontario, Canada) in 1994. The reactor has generated 13.5 TWh of electricity so far during this continuous operation, taking its lifetime generation to 115.46 TWh.

Hinkley Point B Nuclear Power Station

Hinkley Point B is a nuclear power station near Bridgwater, Somerset, on the Bristol Channel coast of south west England. It was the first commercial Advanced Gas Cooled reactor to generate power to the National Grid in 1976 and shares its design with sister station Hunterston B nuclear power station.

Hunterston B nuclear power station

Hunterston B Power Station is a nuclear power station in North Ayrshire, Scotland. It is located about 6 miles (9 km) south of Largs and about 2.5 miles (4 km) north-west of West Kilbride, on the Firth of Clyde coast. It is currently operated by France's EDF Energy, and began producing electricity in 1976.

Hunterston B's two reactors have been shut down since 2018 because of safety concerns, but are projected to resume power generation, after several delays, in the summer of 2019. When operational, the plant generates up to 1000 MW. The facility is planned to permanently shut down in 2023 and begin the process of nuclear decommissioning at that date.

Hunterston B is very similar in design to the Hinkley Point B power station which is also due to operate until 2023.

Langley Park Wind Farm

Langley Park Wind Farm is a wind farm near Langley Park, County Durham, England. It was developed by EDF Energy and is operated by Cumbria Wind Farms, the farm has a nameplate capacity of 8.2 MW, containing four REpower Systems' MM82 turbines each rated at 2.05MW.In 2008 EDF accepted that it had failed to check the impact of the turbines on digital television reception, after residents of villages where the turbines lay on a line-of-sight to the local TV transmitter complained of a loss of signal strength and severe Freeview Digital Services disruption, particularly when the turbine blades rotate.

London Eye

The London Eye is a cantilevered observation wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London. It is Europe's tallest cantilevered observation wheel, and is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom with over 3.75 million visitors annually, and has made many appearances in popular culture.

The structure is 135 metres (443 ft) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres (394 ft). When it opened to the public in 2000 it was the world's tallest Ferris wheel. Its height was surpassed by the 525-foot (160 m) Star of Nanchang in 2006, the 165-metre (541 ft) Singapore Flyer in 2008, and the 550-foot-tall (167.6 m) High Roller (Las Vegas) in 2014. Supported by an A-frame on one side only, unlike the taller Nanchang and Singapore wheels, the Eye is described by its operators as "the world's tallest cantilevered observation wheel".The London Eye used to offer the highest public viewing point in London until it was superseded by the 245-metre-high (804 ft) observation deck on the 72nd floor of The Shard, which opened to the public on 1 February 2013.The London Eye adjoins the western end of Jubilee Gardens (previously the site of the former Dome of Discovery), on the South Bank of the River Thames between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge beside County Hall, in the London Borough of Lambeth.

Nuclear Electric

Nuclear Electric was a nuclear power generation company in the United Kingdom. It was formed in 1990 as part of the privatisation process of the UK Electricity Supply Industry.In 1996, it was amalgamated into a new company – British Energy, which was eventually purchased by EDF Energy in 2010.

Nuclear Liabilities Fund

The Nuclear Liabilities Fund (formerly the Nuclear Generation Decommissioning Fund) is a fund of the UK Government to provide arrangements for funding certain long-term costs for the decommissioning of eight nuclear power stations formerly owned by British Energy, now EDF Energy. Responsibility for the Fund within government lies with the Shareholder Executive, on behalf of the Department of Energy and Climate Change.The Fund is incorporated as a limited company registered in Scotland and is owned by the Nuclear Trust. It consists of five trustees, three appointed by the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change and two by the owners of the nuclear power stations, now EDF Energy. The trustees are also directors of the Fund as well as owning the ordinary share capital of the Fund.

RFU Senior Vase

The RFU Senior Vase is a rugby union national knockout cup competition in England run by the Rugby Football Union, which has been competed for since the 2006–07 season. It is contested for by teams at level 8 of the English rugby union system, with only 1st XV sides being allowed to enter. The competition is a national one but is split into regions until the semi-finals with the final being held at Twickenham Stadium in London. As of 2018-19 it is the fourth most prestigious national club cup competition in England behind the Premiership Rugby Cup, RFU Championship Cup and RFU Intermediate Cup.

Southern Daily Echo

The Southern Daily Echo, more commonly known as the Daily Echo or simply The Echo, is a regional tabloid newspaper based in Southampton, covering the county of Hampshire in the United Kingdom. The newspaper is owned by Newsquest, one of the largest publishers of local newspapers in the country, which is in turn owned by Gannett. It began publication in August 1888 and a website has been in existence since 1998.

Publication of the print edition is from Monday to Saturday and there is one edition a day, down from six editions a day in 2006. The Echo was initially a daily newspaper before becoming an evening paper and changing its name to the Evening Echo on 1 July 1958. It returned to being the Daily Echo again on 10 January 1994.

The Echo is currently the only paid-for local newspaper covering the city of Southampton.

The editorial position is that of a politically neutral publication.

On Saturdays, the Daily Echo produced Sports Pink is also sold. This is used for the reporting of sport stories regularly involving local sports team Southampton Football Club. This is one of only two surviving 'local football papers' which used to be common throughout the UK.

Local sister publications include the Hampshire Chronicle, Basingstoke Gazette, Romsey Advertiser and Bournemouth Daily Echo.

The Southampton Advertiser was a free paper that was printed and had an online publication that was owned by the same company however it was not a part of the Daily Echo.

The newspaper moved to its current main offices in the Redbridge area of Southampton in 1997, with district offices in Winchester. The former city centre offices of the Daily Echo are now the site of the Above Bar entrance to the WestQuay Shopping Centre, which opened in 2000.The Southern Daily Echo was named Newspaper of the Year 2009 and 2011, and Campaigning Newspaper of the Year 2011 at the annual EDF Energy South East and London Media Awards.

The newspaper's website, dailyecho.co.uk, won Website of the Year at the 2012 EDF Energy South East and London Media Awards.

The current editor is Gordon Sutter who has edited the newspaper since March 2017.

Teesside Wind Farm

Teesside Wind Farm, or alternatively referred to as Redcar Wind Farm, is a 27 turbine 62 MW capacity offshore wind farm constructed just to the east of the mouth of the River Tees and 1.5 km north of Redcar off the North Yorkshire coast, in the North Sea, England.

Construction of the windfarm began in February 2011 and was complete by June 2013. The wind farm was developed by EDF Energy (Northern Offshore Wind) Ltd., and is operated by Teesside Windfarm Ltd.; the owner (100%) is EDF Energy Renewables.

Wadebridge Camels

Wadebridge Camels RFC is a rugby union club based in Wadebridge, Cornwall and have been in existence since 1955. They play at Molesworth Field.

Worcester Warriors

Worcester Warriors Rugby Football Club are an English rugby union club, playing in the English Premiership. Warriors also compete in the Premiership Rugby Cup, European Challenge Cup, and Premiership Rugby Shield competitions. Their home ground is Sixways Stadium, and the team colours are gold and blue.

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