In the Polish system of local administration, a dzielnica [d͡ʑelˈɲit͡sa] (Polish plural dzielnice) is an administrative subdivision or quarter of a city or town. A dzielnica may have its own elected council (rada dzielnicy, or dzielnica council), and those of Warsaw each have their own mayor (burmistrz). Like the osiedle and sołectwo, a dzielnica is an auxiliary unit (jednostka pomocnicza) of a gmina. These units are created by decision of the gmina council, and do not have legal personality in their own right.
The subsidiary units of many towns and cities are called osiedles rather than dzielnicas, although it is also possible for osiedles to exist within a dzielnica. Numbers and sizes of dzielnicas vary significantly between cities. Warsaw has 18 dzielnicas, as does Kraków; Gdańsk has 34, Gdynia 22, Lublin 27, Katowice 22 and Szczecin 4. Some cities are no longer formally divided into dzielnicas, although formerly existing dzielnicas continue to be referred to as such and serve as areas of jurisdiction for administrative offices. Łódź, Wrocław and Poznań are each divided into five districts of this type.
The word dzielnica is also used informally in Polish to refer to any distinct part of a town or city. Historically it can also refer to a region of the country, in particular any of the five principalities into which Poland was divided following the death of Bolesław III Wrymouth in 1138; see Testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty.
Bielany is a district in Warsaw located in the north-western part of the city.
Initially a part of Żoliborz, Bielany has been an independent district since 1994. Bielany borders Żoliborz to the south-east, and Bemowo to the south-west. Its north-eastern border is the Vistula River, and the northern-western border is also the limits of the city of Warsaw.
The name 'Bielany', which in Polish is plural, derives from the white habits of the Camaldolese monks who have an ancient priory there. It is also known for the Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, which was established 1929 when it was known as the Central Institute for Physical Education (C.I.W.F.), as well as the newly built Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University.City district
City district is a type of administrative division of Russia (raion), Pakistan, Croatia (Croatian: gradski kotar or gradska četvrt in the city of Zagreb) and Serbia (Serbian: градска четврт/gradska četvrt).
It is also the English translation of German: Stadtbezirk, Dutch: stadsdeel, Swedish: stadsdel and Polish: dzielnica.Dzielnica, Gmina Czerniewice
Dzielnica [d͡ʑelˈnit͡sa] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Czerniewice, within Tomaszów Mazowiecki County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) south-east of Czerniewice, 21 km (13 mi) north-east of Tomaszów Mazowiecki, and 57 km (35 mi) east of the regional capital Łódź.Dzielnica, Gmina Żelechlinek
Dzielnica [d͡ʑelˈnit͡sa] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Żelechlinek, within Tomaszów Mazowiecki County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. It lies approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) north-west of Żelechlinek, 26 km (16 mi) north of Tomaszów Mazowiecki, and 37 km (23 mi) east of the regional capital Łódź.Dzielnica, Opole Voivodeship
Dzielnica [d͡ʑelˈnit͡sa] (German: Dzielnitz, 1936-45: Füllstein) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Cisek, within Kędzierzyn-Koźle County, Opole Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) south of Cisek, 14 km (9 mi) south of Kędzierzyn-Koźle, and 53 km (33 mi) south of the regional capital Opole.
Before 1945 the area was part of Germany (see Territorial changes of Poland after World War II).
The village has a population of 232.Mistrzejowice
Mistrzejowice is one of the 18 districts of Kraków; known as Dzielnica XV (District 15), located in the northern part of the city. The name Mistrzejowice comes from a village of same name (first mentioned in 1270) that is now a part of the district.According to the Central Statistical Office data, the district's area is 5.59 square kilometres (2.16 square miles) and 53 015 people inhabit Mistrzejowice.Osiedle
Osiedle [ɔˈɕɛdlɛ] (Polish plural: osiedla) is a term used in Poland to denote a designated subdivision of a city or town, or of a dzielnica, with its own council and executive. Like the dzielnica and sołectwo, an osiedle is an auxiliary unit (jednostka pomocnicza) of a gmina. These units are created by decision of the gmina council, and do not have legal personality in their own right. In the case of an urban-rural gmina, it is also possible for a whole town to be designated an auxiliary unit.
Not all Polish cities or towns have osiedles in the above sense. However the word osiedle is also frequently used to denote any housing estate or development. (In this sense it sometimes appears in addresses, where the abbreviation "Os." is commonly used.)Prawobrzeże
Prawobrzeże (lit. Right Bank) is one of four districts (Polish: dzielnica) of Szczecin, Poland situated on the right bank of Oder river in eastern part of the city. As of January 2011 it had a population of 84,001.Prawobrzeże is divided into 11 municipal neighbourhoods:
Północ (lit. North) is one of four districts (Polish: dzielnica) of Szczecin, Poland situated in northern part of the city. As of January 2011 it had a population of 54,004.Północ is divided into 9 municipal neighbourhoods:
For the state of Cracow between 1846 and 1918, see Grand Duchy of Cracow. Fore more modern territorial division of Kraków region, see Kraków Voivodeship.Seniorate Province, also known as the Senioral Province (Polish: Dzielnica senioralna), Duchy of Kraków (Księstwo krakowskie), Duchy of Cracow, Principality of Cracow, Principality of Kraków, was the superior among the five provinces established in 1138 according to the Testament of Bolesław III Wrymouth. It existed during the period of fragmentation of Poland until 1320, centered at Kraków in Lesser Poland. The Seniorate Province was supposed to be ruled by the rotating head of the royal Piast dynasty, a principality that he held as overlord (Senior Prince or High duke, princeps) of the other Polish dukes.Sołectwo
A sołectwo [sɔˈwɛt͡stfɔ] (listen) (Polish plural: sołectwa) is an administrative unit in Poland, an optional subdivision of a gmina. In many cases it consists of one village, but sometimes large villages may be divided into several sołectwos, while in other cases one sołectwo may consist of several villages or hamlets. Like the dzielnica and osiedle, a sołectwo is an auxiliary unit (jednostka pomocnicza) of a gmina. Only rural locations are assigned to sołectwos, while the comparable administrative unit in town is either dzielnica or osiedle.
The elected head of a sołectwo is a sołtys (both office and its name being derived from the German Schultheiß). In Polish villages the house of the current holder of that post is customarily marked with a red plaque bearing the word SOŁTYS. The sołtys may be assisted by an elected sołectwo council (rada sołecka).Ursus, Warsaw
Ursus is a district (dzielnica) of Warsaw, one of the 18 such units into which the city is divided. Between 1952 and 1977 it was a separate city. Until 1954 it was known as Czechowice.Wawer
Wawer [ˈvavɛr] is one of the districts of Warsaw, located in the south-eastern part of the city. The Vistula river runs along its western border. Wawer became a district of Warsaw on 27th October, 2002 (previously it was a part of Praga Południe district, and a municipality earlier).
Wawer borders Praga Południe and Rembertów from the north, Wesoła from the east and Wilanów with Mokotów from the west (across the Vistula).Wesoła
Wesoła (Polish pronunciation: [vɛˈsɔwa]) is one of the districts of Warsaw, and has been since October 27, 2002. Wesoła is located in the south-eastern part of city.
Wesoła received town privileges on December 17, 1968. Then, the town included Wola Grzybowska, Wesoła, Groszówka, Grzybowa, Zielona and Stara Miłosna estates. The development of the area was determined by its locality to 3 important routes.
The first route, called Stary Trakt (English: Old Route), comes from Grochów, then travels through Okuniew, Stanisławów, and finally through South Podlasie towards Russia. Established near this route was Grzybowa village with Zielona (English: Green) inn and Wola Grzybowa, which now is called Wola Grzybowska.
Near the second route, which comes from Prague, through Kamion, Grochowo, to Mińsk Mazowiecki, then through Terespol and Brest, the Miłosna village developed. In 1823 on the Stanisław Staszic's initiative a road was built, called Trakt Brzeski.
The third route was the Warsaw–Terespol Railway, started on September 18, 1867. It comes from Warsaw to Terespol, through Siedlce and Łuków.
Despite Warsaw growing and annexing new areas, there was no case where two streets shared the same name. The only exception is Wesoła, where a lot of streets have the same name, for example with streets in Warsaw. It presents many difficulties, so addresses in Wesoła are given with a 'Wesoła' annotation.Wola
Wola (Polish pronunciation: [ˈvɔla]) is a district in western Warsaw, Poland, formerly the village of Wielka Wola, incorporated into Warsaw in 1916. An industrial area with traditions reaching back to the early 19th century, it is slowly changing into an office and residential district. Several museums are located in Wola.Włochy
Włochy (Polish pronunciation: [ˈvwɔxɨ]) is one of the districts of Warsaw, located in the south-western part of city. Włochy borders districts Bemowo and Wola from the north, Ochota and Mokotów from the east, and Ursus and Ursynów from the south.Zachód, Szczecin
Zachód (lit. West) is one of four districts (Polish: dzielnica) of Szczecin, Poland situated on the left bank of Oder river in western part of the city. As of January 2011 it had a population of 116,232.Zachód is divided into 9 municipal neighbourhoods:
Śródmieście (lit. Centre) is one of four districts (Polish: dzielnica) of Szczecin, Poland situated in central part of the city. As of March 2015 it had a population of 118 702.Śródmieście, Warsaw
Śródmieście ([ɕrudˈmʲeɕt͡ɕe] meaning "city centre", "downtown") is the central borough (dzielnica) of the city of Warsaw. The best known neighborhoods in the borough are the Old Town (Stare Miasto) and New Town (Nowe Miasto).
The area is home to the most important national and municipal institutions, many businesses, higher education establishments (e.g. University of Warsaw, Warsaw University of Technology and Medical Academy) and theatres. It is also home to most of the tourist attractions in Warsaw, including the tallest building in Warsaw (231 m),the narrowest street (5.3 m), the oldest university (est. 1809), the oldest public park (opened 1727), the oldest secular monument (1644) and the oldest historical building (13th century).
The name is also colloquially used for Warszawa Śródmieście railway station.