Dyess Air Force Base

Dyess Air Force Base (AFB) (IATA: DYS, ICAO: KDYS, FAA LID: DYS) is a United States Air Force base located approximately 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Abilene, Texas.

The host unit at Dyess is the 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) assigned to the Global Strike Command Eighth Air Force. The 7 BW is one of only two B-1B Lancer strategic bomber wings in the United States Air Force, the other being the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.

Dyess AFB was established in 1942 as Abilene Army Air Base (AAB). It is named in honor of Texas native and Bataan Death March survivor Lieutenant Colonel William Dyess. The 7th Bomb Wing is commanded by Colonel Brandon Parker. The Vice Commander is Colonel David Doss and the Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Raymond K. Mott.[1]

Dyess AFB is a 6,409-acre (25.94 km2) base with over 13,000 military and civilian people. It is home to the 7th Bomb Wing, which consists of four groups. Two squadrons, the 9th and 28th Bomb Squadrons, fly the B-1B. In addition, the 28th Bomb Squadron is the Air Force schoolhouse for all B-1B aircrew members.

The base is located in the southwest corner of Abilene, TX and is about 200 miles (320 km) west of Dallas. The base employs more than 5,000 people, making it the single largest employer in the area. Dyess AFB has nearly 200 facilities on base, plus 988 units of family housing, and encompasses 6,117 acres (24.75 km2) of land. The base has a total economic impact of nearly $310 million yearly on the local community.

Dyess Air Force Base
Air Force Global Strike Command.svg
Part of Global Strike Command (GSC)
Located near: Abilene, Texas
Coordinates32°25′15″N 099°51′17″W / 32.42083°N 99.85472°W
Site information
Controlled by United States Air Force
Site history
In use1942–present
Garrison information
Garrison7th Bomb Wing.png 7th Bomb Wing
Airfield information
Elevation AMSL1,789 ft / 545 m
Coordinates32°25′15″N 099°51′17″W / 32.42083°N 99.85472°WCoordinates: 32°25′15″N 099°51′17″W / 32.42083°N 99.85472°W
KDYS is located in Texas
Location of Dyess Air Force Base
Direction Length Surface
ft m
16/34 13,500 (12,500' plus 500' overruns on each end) 4,115 PEM
161/341 3,500 1,067 GRE
162/342 3,500 1,067 Asphalt
Main gate entrance sign
7th Bomb Wing Headquarters
Abilene Army Airfield, mid-1940s.


The host unit at Dyess is the 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) of the Global Strike Command (GSC), which was activated on 1 October 1993. The 7 BW performs combat training with the Boeing B-1B Lancer bomber and is the Air Force's premier operational B-1B unit with 36 aircraft.

The 7 BW consists of the following groups:

  • 7th Operations Group (Tail Code: "DY")
Responsible for executing global conventional bombing directed by proper command authority. It is the Air Force's largest B-1 operations group comprising 36 B-1s.

The 317th Airlift Wing (317 AW), an Air Mobility Command (AMC) tenant unit, performs Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules airlift missions with 28 aircraft assigned. The 317th Airlift Wing is now the largest C-130J unit in the world.

The 317th AW consists of the following squadrons:

  • 39th Airlift Squadron "Trail Blazers" (C-130J) ("Dyess" Texas State Flag tail stripe)
  • 40th Airlift Squadron "Screaming Eagles" (C-130J) ("Dyess" Texas State Flag tail stripe)
  • 317th Maintenance Squadron
  • 317th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron
  • 317th Maintenance Operations Squadron (inactivated June 2013)
  • 317th Operations Support Squadron

Dyess AFB is also home to several tenant units, including Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) Detachment 222.


The base is named after Lt Col William Edwin Dyess, a native of Albany, Texas, who was captured by the Japanese on Bataan in April 1942. Dyess escaped in April 1943 and fought with guerilla forces on Mindanao until evacuated by submarine in July 1943. During retraining in the United States, his P-38 Lightning caught fire in flight on 23 December 1943 near Burbank, CA. He refused to bail out over a populated area and died in the crash of his P-38 in a vacant lot.[2]

World War II

In 1942, the United States Army Air Forces built Tye Army Air Field, as it was popularly known, on the site of what is now known as Dyess AFB. On 18 December 1942, the field was opened and was initially named Abilene Army Air Base. The name was changed on 8 April 1943 to Abilene Army Airfield. The first host unit as Abilene AAB was the 474th Base HQ and Airbase Squadron, established on 18 December 1942. The airfield was initially assigned to Second Air Force and its mission was to be a flying training center for cadets.

Known groups which trained at the base during the war were:

  • 77th Reconnaissance Group (6 April 1943 – 12 September 1943)
  • 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group (10 September 1943 – 12 November 1943)
  • 408th Fighter-Bomber Group (10 November 1943 – January 1944)

The 77th and 69th groups were units that trained reconnaissance personnel who later served overseas. The 408th was a new group which received A-24, A-26, P-40, and P-47 aircraft in October 1943 and began training. It was disbanded shortly after leaving Abilene on 1 April 1944.

On 25 March 1944, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt training for flight cadets was taken over by the 261st Army Air Force Base Unit. Training continued until 1 April 1946.

With the end of the war, the base was declared inactive on 31 January 1946. Although assigned to Continental Air Command, Abilene AAF was classified as an inactive sub-base of Fort Worth Army Airfield and was sold to the city of Abilene for $1. It was used as a training facility for the Texas Army National Guard for several years.

Cold War

Dyess AFB Defense Area
Nike missile sites around Dyess AFB

Shortly after the Korean War broke out, the city of Abilene called for the need of a military installation. They believed the 1,500 acres (6 km²) of the former Tye AAF were the perfect site for a new base. The city's leaders went to The Pentagon with their request. The city showed their determination for a new base by raising almost $1 million to purchase an additional 3,500 acres (14 km²) adjacent to the site. They were able to attract U.S. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson's (D-TX) attention, who had the power to persuade military officials to reactivate the base in Abilene. Finally, in July 1952, Congress approved the $32 million needed to construct an Air Force Base on the Tye AAF site. It was to be called Abilene Air Force Base and a little over three years after first starting construction, the base was opened on 15 April 1956.

Dyess' first active combat unit was the 341st Bombardment Wing, which activated on 1 September 1955. The 341st was part of the Strategic Air Command (SAC), flying the B-47 Stratojet, which it continued to operate until its inactivation on 25 June 1961.

On 1 December 1956, the name of the base was changed to "Dyess Air Force Base" in honor of the late Lt Col William E. Dyess, USAAF.

The 96th Bombardment Wing moved to Dyess on 8 September 1957 and for a few years worked alongside the 341st. It included not just B-47 and B-52 nuclear bombers, but also the KC-97 and later on the KC-135 refueling aircraft. During the Cold War, the base was constantly on alert in case of nuclear attack. There were even signs in the base's movie theater that would instantly alert pilots in the scenario that the USSR would initiate a nuclear attack during a movie. These can still be seen today at the theater.

During the Vietnam War, B-52's and KC-135's (917th ARS) from the 96th BW participated heavily in various air campaigns, including Arc Light, Young Tiger, Bullet Shot, Linebacker and Linebacker II missions over North and South Vietnam. The B-52's flew combat missions primarily out of Anderson AFB, Guam and Utapao RTAFB, Thailand during these missions. The KC-135A's flew primarily out of Utapao RTAFB, Thailand, Clark AFB, Philippines, Kandena, AFB, Okinawa, Anderson AFB, Guam and NAS Agana, Guam.

On 19 November 1959, the United States Army conducted groundbreaking ceremonies at Dyess AFB for the battalion headquarters of the 5th Missile Battalion, 517th Artillery of the U.S. Army Air Defense Command. Installed to defend the SAC bombers and Atlas F missile silos stationed at and around Dyess AFB, the two Nike Hercules sites were controlled by a "BIRDIE" system installed at Sweetwater Air Force Station. Site DY-10, located at Fort Phantom Hill 32°34′49″N 099°43′02″W / 32.58028°N 99.71722°W and site DY-50, located southwest of Abilene 32°16′17″N 099°57′32″W / 32.27139°N 99.95889°W, remained operational from 1960 until 1966.

Units stationed at Dyess Air Force Base while the 5/517th was operational included SAC's 819th Strategic Aerospace Division, the 96th BW, and the 578th Strategic Missile Squadron. Several of the 578th's Altas F Silos are located near the Nike sites. The Army Air Defense Command Post was located 37 miles west at Sweetwater AFS. Both of the sites were located near former Army posts. Camp Barkeley served as a World War II infantry division training center, while Fort Phantom Hill was a frontier outpost and stop on the Butterfield stage route.

C-130 aircraft depart from in a Minimum Interval Takeoff at Dyess during a mass airdrop exercise, December 1988.

Since 1961, various models of C-130 Hercules aircraft have been stationed at Dyess AFB. The C-130s were originally assigned to the 64th Troop Carrier Wing (TCW) and from 1963 to 1972, the 516th Troop Carrier Wing was the host C-130 wing. In 1972, the 516 TCW was replaced with the 463d Tactical Airlift Wing (463 TAW). During the Vietnam War, TAC C-130 crews routinely rotated to forward based C-130 wings in the Pacific theater to support operations in Vietnam. In 1974, the 463 TAW was reassigned from Tactical Air Command TAC to Military Airlift Command (MAC) as part of a USAF-wide initiative to place both strategic and tactical airlift assets under MAC control.

From 1962 to 1965 Dyess Air Force Base had 13 SM-65 Atlas Missile sites Stationed around it. The Dyess sites were operated by the 578th Strategic Missile Squadron. After being decommissioned in 1965, the Atlas missiles were removed and all sites demilitarized.

In June 1985, the 96th received its first B-1B Lancer replacing the B-52 Stratofortress and in October 1986, assumed nuclear alert status. Since achieving IOC, Dyess has been recognized as the premier bomber training center and leads the fleet in maintaining the highest mission capability status of its aircraft, avionics test stations and support equipment. Shortly after, the Soviet Union fell and left many wondering the fate of the base. In 1991 the 463d Tactical Airlift Wing was simply designated the 463d Airlift Wing (463 AW). In October 1992, the parent commands of both wings changed. The 96 BW being reassigned to the newly established Air Combat Command (ACC), and the 463 AW being assigned to the new Air Mobility Command (AMC).

The 1990s

C-130 at Dyess AFB
The No. 2 ship of the C-130 Avionic Modernization Program from Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., visited Dyess 27 November 2007. The program will update the avionics on more than 400 C-130s. Part of the program includes new navigation system, a heads-up display, an all-digital cockpit, and other technology advances.

On 1 October 1993, the 96 BW and 463 AW were both inactivated and replaced by the 7th Wing, a former B-52 and KC-135 wing that had been located at the former Carswell AFB which was being realigned as NAS Fort Worth JRB/Carswell ARS as a result of Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action. The 7th Wing incorporated Dyess' B-1Bs and C-130s, the latter which transferred from Air Mobility Command to Air Combat Command.

Within its first year, the 7th Wing's diverse mission made it one of the most active units in the United States Air Force. The C-130s were deployed around the globe performing several airlift missions to Europe and the Persian Gulf. The crews and support people of the B-1s focused on enhancing the purpose of the Lancer in a post-Soviet 21st century.

In the 1997, Dyess' C-130s were transferred back to Air Mobility Command, and the 317th Airlift Group was created as the parent unit for Dyess' C-130 squadrons. At the same time, the 7th Wing was redesignated the 7th Bomb Wing. Despite this separation as units, both the 7th Bomb Wing and the 317th Airlift Group remained at Dyess.

One of the many unique features of Dyess is its extensive collection of static military aircraft on display. Collectively known as the "Linear Air Park," it contains 30 aircraft from World War II to the present, many of them formerly based at Dyess, and is located along the base's main road, Arnold Blvd. All but one plane has been flown before. Its most recent addition is the first operational B-1B Lancer, known as "The Star of Abilene," which made its final flight in 2003. It can be seen at the front gate to Dyess along with a recently retired C-130 Hercules located on the other side of the road (a tribute to the two main aircraft currently housed at Dyess).

Another unique feature of Dyess is its main source of energy. In January 2003, Dyess became the first Department of Defense installation in the United States to be powered exclusively from renewable wind energy. Today, most of the energy Dyess receives is from other sources of renewable energy, such as biomass, and is considered one of the "greenest" bases in the U.S. Air Force.

The remnants of Tye AAF can still be seen today. Parts of the old runway still exist as well as part of its parking area on the west side of Dyess.

Global War on Terrorism

The 7th Bomb Wing and 317th Airlift Group were called to duty once again shortly after 11 September 2001. Both played and continue to play vital roles in both Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Many of the 7th BW's B-1s and support personnel deploy to Southwest Asia. From there the 7 BW provides close air support to troops in the field and precision strike missions with the B-1B Lancer. The 317th Airlift Group has been deployed continuously to Southwest Asia since December 2003 where the group provides airlift support to OIF, OEF and Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa operations.

On 1 October 2015, Dyess became part of Global Strike Command.[3]

Previous names

  • Established as: Abilene Army Air Base, 18 December 1942
Prior to this date popularly known as Tye Field and Tye Army Air Base
  • Abilene Army Airfield, 8 April 1943 – 13 January 1947
  • Abilene Air Force Base, 1 October 1953
  • Dyess Air Force Base, 1 December 1956–present

Major commands to which assigned

  • Second Air Force, 13 October 1942
  • Third Air Force, 2 March 1943
  • Second Air Force, 15 November 1943
  • Continental Air Forces, 16 April 1945 – 31 January 1946
  • Strategic Air Command, 1 October 1953 to 31 May 1992
  • Air Combat Command, 1 June 1992 – 30 September 2015
  • Global Strike Command, 1 October 2015 – present

Base operating units

  • 474th HQ and Air Base Sq, 18 December 1942
  • 261st AAF Base Unit, 1 April 1944
  • 233d AAF Base Unit (Det), March 1946-c. January 1947
  • 4021st Air Base Sq, 1 January 1955
  • 341st Air Base Gp, 1 September 1955
  • 819th Air Base Gp, 15 June 1956 (rdsgd 819th Combat Support Gp, 1 November 1958)
  • 96th Combat Support Gp, 25 June 1961
  • 7th Mission Support Group, 1 October 1993–present

Major units assigned

  • 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, 10 September 1943 – 12 November 1943
  • 77th Reconnaissance Group, 6 April-12 September 1943
  • 408th Fighter-Bomber Group, 10 November 1943 – January 1944
  • 341st Bombardment Wing, 1 September 1955 – 25 June 1961
  • 819th Air Division, 1 February 1956 – 2 July 1966
  • 96th Bombardment Wing, 8 September 1957 – 1 October 1993
  • 64th Troop Carrier Wing, 8 February 1961 – 1 January 1963
  • 516th Troop Carrier Wing, 19 July 1962 – 1 June 1972
  • 12th Air Division, 30 September 1976 – 15 July 1988
  • 7th Bomb Wing, 1 October 1993–present

SM-65F Atlas Missile Sites

578th Strategic Missile Squadron - SM-65F Atlas Missile
SM-65F Atlas Missile Sites

The 578th Strategic Missile Squadron operated twelve missile sites, of one missile at each site.

See also


 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "Dyess Air Force Base".

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Comrades Pay Final Tribute to Lt. Col. William E. Dyess". Los Angeles Times. 25 December 1943.
  3. ^ Jensen, Will (28 September 2015). "Ceremony at Dyess marks transition within U.S. Air Force". KTXS-TV. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1961 (republished 1983, Office of Air Force History, ISBN 0-912799-02-1).
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History 1984. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
  • Mueller, Robert, Air Force Bases Volume I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982, Office of Air Force History, 1989

External links

317th Airlift Group

The 317th Airlift Wing (317 AW) is a United States Air Force unit, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. Assigned to Air Mobility Command (AMC) Eighteenth Air Force, the 317 AW operates as a tenant unit at Dyess AFB, an installation under the control of the 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) of the Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC).

Previously designated as the 317th Airlift Group (317 AG), the unit was redesignated as the 317th Airlift Wing (317 AW) on 6 July 2017.The 317 AW is a tactical airlift organization, flying the Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules. Since December 2003, the 317th has been in a continuously deployed status in support of the Global War on Terrorism, with elements being deployed into combat areas. It has been engaged in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF); Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), as well as supporting other Air Expeditionary units around the world.

During World War II, the unit's predecessor, the 317th Troop Carrier Group was one of the most highly decorated troop carrier units of the United States Army Air Forces.

339th Bombardment Squadron

The 339th Bombardment Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last was assigned to the 96th Bombardment Wing, stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. It was inactivated on 15 March 1963.

347th Tactical Airlift Squadron

The 347th Tactical Airlift Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force squadron that was last assigned to the 516th Tactical Airlift Wing at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas where it was inactivated in June 1972.

The squadron was first activated as the 347th Troop Carrier Squadron in the Air Force Reserve in 1949 and trained at Memphis Municipal Airport, Tennessee. In 1951 it was called to active duty for the Korean War and served until 1953.

In 1955 the unit was activated at Sewart Air Force Base, Tennessee as a rotary wing troop carrier assault unit in a test of the USAF's ability to support United States Army assault operations. It participated in Operation Sage Brush, which was, in part, a test of this concept. The squadron was inactivated the following year and its aircraft distributed to helicopter support organizations.

A few months later the squadron was activated as a fixed wing troop carrier assault unit at Sewart and equipped with Fairchild C-123 Provider aircraft. It moved to Pope Air Force Base, North Carolina in 1958 when Tactical Air Command consolidated its C-123 units there. The squadron continued to fly the Provider until 1963 when it moved on paper to Dyess Air Force Base and took over the Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft of the inactivating 18th Troop Carrier Squadron. The squadron frequently deployed to Europe and the Pacific until it was inactivated in 1972.

348th Tactical Airlift Squadron

The 348th Tactical Airlift Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force squadron that was last assigned to the 516th Tactical Airlift Wing at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas where it was inactivated in June 1972.

The squadron was first activated as the 348th Troop Carrier Squadron in the Air Force Reserve in 1949 and trained at Memphis Municipal Airport, Tennessee. In 1951 it was called to active duty for the Korean War. Shortly after being called up its personnel were transferred to other units of the 516th Troop Carrier Group and it was inactivated.

The squadron was again activated as the 348th Tactical Airlift Squadron and activated at Dyess Air Force Base, flying the Lockheed C-130 Hercules. The squadron frequently deployed to Europe and the Pacific until it was inactivated in 1972.

39th Airlift Squadron

The 39th Airlift Squadron is a United States Air Force unit based at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. The unit flies the Lockheed C-130J Super Hercules. It is primarily tasked to transport cargo and personnel, and where circumstances require, airdrop them. It traces its history to 1942 and fought in the Pacific during the Second World War.

463d Operations Group

The United States Air Force's 463rd Operations Group was a tactical airlift unit last stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. It was inactivated on 1 October 1993.

During World War II as the 463d Bombardment Unit, it was second-to-last B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bomber group trained in the United States. It was deployed to Southern Italy as part of the Fifteenth Air Force in March 1944.

489th Bomb Group

The 489th Bomb Group is a unit of the United States Air Force. Its is assigned to the 307th Bomb Wing, and is stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas. The group is a reserve associate unit of the 7th Bomb Wing at Dyess.

During World War II, the 489th Bombardment Group was a Consolidated B-24 Liberator unit. After training in the United States, it moved to England as an element of Eighth Air Force, stationed at RAF Halesworth, England. Lieutenant Colonel Leon Vance of the group was awarded the Medal of Honor for his bravery and actions on the day before D-Day over Wimereux, France. It was the only Medal of Honor awarded to a B-24 crewman for a mission flown from England. The group returned to the United States in November 1944 and converted to a Boeing B-29 Superfortress group, but the war ended before the group could deploy to the Pacific.

In October 2015, the group was reactivated in the Air Force Reserve.

491st Bombardment Squadron

The 491st Bombardment Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 341st Bombardment Wing at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas where it was inactivated on 25 June 1961.

The squadron was first activated during World War I as the 79th Aero Squadron. It deployed to France in 1917 and was redesignated the 491st Aero Squadron. It served as a construction unit before returning to the United States, where it was demobilized in 1919. It was consolidated with the 491st Bombardment Squadron in 1936.

The 491st Bombardment Squadron was constituted as an Organized Reserve unit in 1924. It was activated in 1925, at Sand Point Airport, Washington, but was only nominally manned. The squadron was consolidated with the 491st Aero Squadron in 1936, but inactivated the following year. it was disbanded in May 1942, as were all the other Organized Reserve units in the Air Corps.

The 491st Bombardment Squadron (Medium) was constituted and activated in India during World War II. It participated in combat in the China-Burma-India Theater until the end of the war, when it returned to the United States and was inactivated.

The squadron was activated in the Air Force Reserves in 1947, but was discontinued when Continental Air Command reorganized its reserve units under the wing base organization plan. In 1958, it was consolidated with the first 491st Bombardment Squadron and activated at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas when Strategic Air Command expanded its Boeing B-47 Stratojet wings to four squadrons. The squadron was inactivated at Dyess in 1961.

819th RED HORSE Squadron

The 819th RED HORSE Squadron is a unit of civil engineers based at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana, who are responsible for heavy duty repairs around the world. Originally activated at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, the unit has been active and inactive at several different bases over the last 55 years. The unit was most recently activated as the first ever Air Force-Air National Guard RED HORSE associate unit at Malmstrom on 1 June 1997. The unit is ready at all times to fully deploy to anywhere in the world and remain stationed for an indefinite amount of time. The squadron's most notable deployment was in Vietnam, where it received numerous awards for its work during the war.

819th Strategic Aerospace Division

The 819th Strategic Aerospace Division is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Second Air Force of Strategic Air Command (SAC) at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, where it was inactivated on 2 July 1966.

The division was activated as the 819th Air Division in 1956 to command two Boeing B-47 Stratojet wings that SAC was organizing at Dyess. "The division emphasized flying operations, flying training, and aircraft maintenance. In fulfilling its duties, the 819th participated in numerous tactical training exercises throughout its existence." Until April 1961, the division also provided supporting services at Dyess through its 819th Air Base Group.

After 1961, the wing became an operational headquarters for wings located at bases in the southwestern United States. It added SM-65 Atlas ICBMs, Boeing B-52 Stratofortresss and Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers in 1962, and its B-47s were phased out by the middle of the following year. The missile mission brought with it a new name, 819th Strategic Aerospace Division.

The division was inactivated in 1966 and its component wings were assigned to other SAC divisions.

917th Air Refueling Squadron

The 917th Air Refueling Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last active as a Geographically Separated Unit at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, while assigned to the 43d Operations Group at Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana, where it was inactivated on 1 July 1994.

The squadron was first activated in 1943 as the 617th Bombardment Squadron, one of the four squadrons of the 477th Bombardment Group, but the squadron was soon inactivated. In 1944 the group was again activated as the first (and only) bombardment group in the United States Army Air Forces to include black pilots. Members of the squadron participated in the Freeman Field Mutiny, protesting racial segregation in the military. The squadron was inactivated in 1945 after the 477th became a composite group that included bombardment and fighter squadrons.

In May 1959, the 917th Air Refueling Squadron was activated at Biggs Air Force Base, Texas. Beginning in 1960, the squadron began to stand alert with its Boeing KC-135A Stratotankers. It continued to maintain an alert commitment at Biggs, and later at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas until the end of the Cold War.

On 19 September 1985, The 917th Air Refueling Squadron was consolidated with the 617th Bombardment Squadron. With the inactivation of Strategic Air Command in 1992, the squadron transferred to Air Mobility Command, but two years later it was inactivated.

Abilene Trophy

The Abilene Trophy is awarded annually to the community in Air Mobility Command that is most supportive of its local Air Force Base.

Formally known as the Air Mobility Command Community Support Award, it has been awarded since its establishment in 1998. The award's sponsor is the Abilene, Texas Chamber of Commerce. (Abilene is home to Dyess Air Force Base, which has an AMC contingent, the 317th Airlift Group; however, the host unit for Dyess AFB, the 7th Bomb Wing, is under the Air Force Global Strike Command, and thus Dyess AFB and its host community of Abilene would not be eligible for an award sponsored by its host city.)

Camp Barkeley

Camp Barkeley was a large United States Army training installation during World War II. The base was located eleven miles (18 km) southwest of Abilene, Texas near what is now Dyess Air Force Base. The base was named after David B. Barkley, a Medal of Honor recipient during World War I (a clerical error is believed to have caused the spelling discrepancy). The camp was 70,229 acres (284.21 km2) in size and had a population of 50,000 at its peak of operation.Construction of the camp began in December 1940 and was completed in July 1941. Before it was finished, the 19,000 man 45th Infantry Division began to occupy the camp. Other units that trained at the camp include the 11th Armored Division, and the 12th Armored Division. The Medical Administrative Officer Candidate School was established at Barkeley in May 1942. In 1942, the Abilene Army Air Field opened nearby to train pilots. The field was renamed Dyess Air Force Base in 1956.

On February 1, 1944, the 1846th Unit POW Camp was activated at Camp Barkeley. At its peak, in March 1945, the POW camp housed 840 German prisoners. According to Krammer, "the few escape attempts invariably found the German prisoners sleeping in the bandstand in Abilene's central park."Camp Barkeley was officially closed in September 1945 and dismantled. The land, which was leased, reverted to the original landowners.

Caps, Texas

Caps is an unincorporated community in Taylor County, Texas, United States. It is located southwest of Abilene near the intersection of U.S. Highway 277 and FM 707. The community is part of the Abilene Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Caps was first settled in the early 1880s. The area was known as Border's Chapel until 1905. That year, residents gathered to select a new name for the community. A man reportedly threw his cap in the air and said, "Let's call it caps," and the idea was approved.In 1935, Butterfield School was constructed between the communities of Caps and View. The name was chosen in honor of the Butterfield Overland Mail line, a semi-weekly mail and passenger stage service from St. Louis, Missouri, and Memphis, Tennessee, across northern Texas to San Francisco, California that operated from 1858 to 1861. The school opened in 1936 and served students in grades one through ten.The opening of the Camp Barkeley military installation in 1940 shifted area commercial activity to U.S. Highway 277. When it closed in 1945, the site became a commercial feedlot. Aircraft noise from Dyess Air Force Base, which opened in 1953, forced two Caps community churches to move closer to Abilene.

In 1978, Butterfield School consolidated with the Wylie Independent School District. It remained operational until its closure at the end of the 2005-2006 school year. A dispute over territorial rights between the city of Abilene and the View-Caps Water Supply Corporation began in 1979 and became known as one of Abilene's longest legal battles.Caps had a population of approximately 300 in 1985, up from 75 in 1965. A year later in 1986, the city of Abilene annexed a portion of the community, fifty of which were View-Caps water customers. In 1990 and 2000, the community had a population of around 100 residents.

Clarence Clark (golfer)

Clarence E. Clark (September 22, 1907 – September 27, 1974) was an American professional golfer.

Clark worked as a golf pro at McFarlin Golf Club (Tulsa, Oklahoma), Forest Hill Field Club (Bloomfield, New Jersey), Carey Park Golf Course (Hutchinson, Kansas), O'Brien's Golf Center (Wichita, Kansas), Newton Country Club (Newton, Kansas), and Dyess Air Force Base Golf Course and Lazee Tee Golf Center (Abilene, Texas). He also played on the PGA Tour, winning seven times in the 1930s, including the Texas Open and Houston Open on consecutive weeks in 1932. In 1936, he was tied for the lead in the U.S. Open after the first round and finished the tournament tied for third.Clark died in Abilene, Texas in 1974.

Glen Robertson

Glen Charles Robertson (born 1959) is an American politician who served two terms as mayor of Lubbock, from May 19, 2012 until May 17, 2016.

Robertson was an unsuccessful Republican candidate in the runoff election held on May 24, 2016, for Texas' 19th congressional district seat, which will be vacated in January 2017 by the Republican Randy Neugebauer of Lubbock, who has filled the position since 2003. Robertson was defeated by Jodey Arrington, a former vice chancellor of Texas Tech University and an official in the administration of former U.S. President George W. Bush. Arrington polled 25,214 votes (53.7 percent) to Robertson's 21,769 (46.3 percent).Robertson had led a nine-candidate field in the primary election on March 1 with 27,791 (26.7 percent) of the ballots cast, followed by Arrington's 26,980 (26 percent). In third place was Michael Bob Starr, the former commander of Dyess Air Force Base who led handily in Abilene and finished with 22,256 votes (21.4 percent). Laredo surgeon Donald R. May finished fourth in the primary with 9,592 votes (9.2 percent). In the first phase of the campaign, Robertson had questioned Starr’s participation in the LGBT "Fun Run" at Dyess Air Force Base. Mayor Norm Archibald of Abilene said that he believed the advertisement backfired on Robertson in the runoff campaign against Arrington.

List of United States Air Force Groups

This is a list of Groups in the United States Air Force that do not belong to a host wing.

The last level of independent operation is the group level. When an organization is not part of the primary mission of the base it will be made an independent group. They may report to a wing or they may be completely independent (the 317th Airlift Group at Dyess Air Force Base). They may also be organized as an expeditionary unit, independent but too small to warrant a wing designation. The organization of the independent group is usually similar to the operations group, but with a few squadrons or flight from the support side added to make the organization more self-sufficient, but not large enough to become a wing.

List of military installations in Texas

This is a list of military installations in Texas, United States.

Joint Base San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas

Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas

Randolph Air Force Base, San Antonio, Texas

Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas

Brooks City-Base, San Antonio, Texas

Camp Bullis, San Antonio, Texas

Martindale Army Air Field, San Antonio, Texas

Dyess Air Force Base, Abilene, Texas

Goodfellow Air Force Base, San Angelo, Texas

Laughlin Air Force Base, Del Rio, Texas

Sheppard Air Force Base, Wichita Falls, Texas

Fort Hood, Killeen, Texas

Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas

Fort Wolters, Mineral Wells, Texas

Corpus Christi Naval Air Station, Corpus Christi, Texas

Naval Air Station Kingsville, Kingsville, Texas

Naval Air Station Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth (Carswell AFB), Fort Worth, Texas

Grand Prairie Armed Forces Reserve Complex, Grand Prairie, Texas

Hensley Field, Grand Prairie, Texas

Camp Mabry, Austin, Texas

Camp Swift, Bastrop, Texas

Camp Bowie, Brownwood, Texas

Coast Guard Air Station Houston, Houston, Texas

Coast Guard Sector Field Office Galveston, Galveston Texas

Coast Guard Station Aransas, Port Aransas, Texas

Coast Guard Station Freeport, Surfside Beach, TexasCoast Guard Station Port O'Connor, Port O'Connor, Texas

Coast Guard Station Sabine Pass, Port Arthur, Texas

Coast Guard Station Saluria, Matagorda Island, Texas

Coast Guard Station San Luis Pass, Galveston, Texas

Coast Guard Station South Padre Island, South Padre Island, Texas

Coast Guard Station Velasco, Velasco, Texas

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