Dutch universities

Dutch universities are supported by state funding (with the exception of University Nyenrode) so that universities do not have to rely on private funding to facilitate tuition. All citizens of the Netherlands who complete high school at the pre-academic level (vwo) or have a professional Propedeuse at hbo level, signifying they have finished their first-year of courses are eligible to attend university. In the case of a HBO-Propedeuse some restrictions may apply as to deficiencies in High School subjects. Three universities (Leiden, Utrecht and Groningen) have restrictive requirements based on academic ability; and all universities have restrictive requirements for some of their programs because the number of prospective students sometimes outnumbers the number of available places.

Many Dutch students attend universities relatively far from their parental homes (in contrast to Universities in Italy and Spain for example), although scarcity of accommodation sometimes forces students to commute. As a compensation for this, Dutch students normally receive a card (OV-chipkaart) that allows them to use public transport for free during one part of the week (either workdays or the weekend) and with a discount during the other part. Waiting lists for student accommodation in the Netherlands can be more than a year, particularly in Utrecht and Amsterdam. Which is why many students rent a room in the private sector.

Quality differences between Dutch universities are generally small and the best university in one subject can be the worst in another. This is one of the reasons why none of them tend to end in the top tier of international university ranking systems. All of them, however, score well above average.[1]

Dutch universities used to offer only 4 or 5 year courses. Since 2002 most of them now offer 3 year undergraduate programmes, leading towards a bachelor's degree, and 1 or 2 years Master's programmes. Old habits remain, partly because stopping after a BSc is seen as 'dropping out' and a large majority of university students enroll on master's courses. To confuse matters, students attending Universities of Applied Sciences (HBO) also obtain a bachelor's degree, only the programmes in these institutes usually take 4 years. In the Netherlands these degrees are however not seen as a university education. It is possible to continue after a HBO bachelor's degree to a university master's, with often a pre-master deficiency program or other additional requirements on minimum GPA.

See also

External links


  1. ^ "Ranking of universities within EU". Retrieved 9 November 2012.
Abraham Pais

Abraham Pais (; May 19, 1918 – July 28, 2000) was a Dutch-American physicist and science historian. Pais earned his Ph.D. from University of Utrecht just prior to a Nazi ban on Jewish participation in Dutch universities during World War II. When the Nazis began the forced relocation of Dutch Jews, he went into hiding, but was later arrested and saved only by the end of the war. He then served as an assistant to Niels Bohr in Denmark and was later a colleague of Albert Einstein at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. Pais wrote books documenting the lives of these two great physicists and the contributions they and others made to modern physics. He was a physics professor at Rockefeller University until his retirement.

Academic ranks in the Netherlands

Academic ranks in the Netherlands are the titles, relative importance and power of professors, researchers, and administrative personnel held in academia. These ranks are mostly limited to scholars holding a position at the Dutch research universities with the position of Lector being the exception at the vocational universities.

Amsterdam University Press

Amsterdam University Press (AUP) is a university press that was founded in 1992 by the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. It is based on the Anglo-Saxon university press model and operates on a not-for-profit basis. AUP publishes scholarly and trade titles in both Dutch and English, predominantly in the humanities and social sciences and has a publishing list of over 1400 titles. It also publishes multiple scholarly journals according to the open access publishing model. From 2000 until 2013, the AUP published the journal Academische Boekengids (Academic Book Guide) with book reviews written by editors from multiple Dutch universities.

British Library Leyden Medical Dissertations Collection

The British Library Leyden Medical Dissertations Collection is a collection of medical dissertations submitted to Dutch universities at Amsterdam, Utrecht, Harlingen, and Leyden. It includes, in particular, a fine set of Leyden medical dissertations and disputations for the period 1593 to 1746. The collection is in 53 volumes, all bound in white vellum, with 20 to 75 documents in each volume. The collection was formed principally by Hans Sloane.


DAREnet (2003 - 2007) stands for Digital Academic Repositories and is an initiative by the Dutch organisation Surf. The DARE programme is a joint initiative by the Dutch universities and the National Library of the Netherlands, the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO) with the aim to store the results of all Dutch research in a network of so-called repositories, thus facilitating access to them. DAREnet is now integrated into the portal Narcis.nl.

Embassy of the Netherlands, Ottawa

The Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Ottawa is the Netherlands's primary diplomatic mission in Canada. It is located in Constitution Square Tower II, 350 Albert Street, suite 2020 in Ottawa.

The embassy has a political, economic and a consular section as well as a public diplomacy & cultural department. There is also has a military attaché. The embassy connects with Canadians with a slew of events and activities. First and foremost the Embassy organizes events to strengthen economic ties with Canada and to increase trade. In the political fields a number of activities are set up each year, underlining that Canada and the Netherlands think alike on many topics. The embassy participates every year in a number of cultural events. To name a few: the Canadian Tulip Festival in Ottawa, Dutch heritage Month in Ontario, EU Film Festivals in Ottawa, Toronto and Vancouver, Remembrance Day ceremonies across Canada, bicycle rides and the Winter Celebration on the grounds of Rideau Hall. The embassy participates in Study & Go Abroad fairs in Canada and works on increasing all kinds of academic partnerships between Canadian and Dutch universities and higher education schools. The consular section of the embassy is open 4 mornings a week.

The current ambassador of the Netherlands to Canada is Henk van der Zwan. H.E. Van Der Zwan joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1985 and was posted in Tunis (Tunisia) and in Brussels (Belgium) at the Secretariat of the Council of Ministers of the European Union, as well as in the ministry in The Hague at the Department Consular Affairs, Asylum and Migration, at the United Nations Political Affairs Department, at the Directorate for Personnel and Management and at the Private Office of the Permanent Undersecretary.

The Netherlands operates Consulate General offices in Toronto and Vancouver. There are Canadian Honorary Consuls appointed in Calgary, AB, Edmonton, AB, Saskatoon, SK, Winnipeg, MB, Montreal, QC, Quebec City, QC, Fredericton, NB and in Halifax, NS.

The Dutch Diplomatic Missions in Canada do have a joint Facebook page which is managed with great enthusiasm to make an impact & to inform Canadians what the Netherlands is all about: who they are and what they do, announcing activities as well as sharing behind the scenes images and stories. Late 2012, the embassy can be followed on Twitter @NLinCanada, there is also a Youtube.com/netherlandsincanada account with inspiring clips about the friendship between both countries.

International Institute of Social Studies

The International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of Erasmus University Rotterdam is an independent and international graduate school of policy-oriented critical social science. ISS was established in 1952 by Dutch universities and the Netherlands Ministry of Education. The institution is located in Netherlands, The Hague, also known as 'The World’s Legal Capital'.Between 300 and 400 students are enrolled in the ISS programmes, mostly in the Master and PhD programme in Development Studies. In addition to its teaching and research, ISS is active in the fields of advisory work and institutional capacity building projects. ISS alumni come from over 150 different countries.

Koreans in the Netherlands

Koreans in the Netherlands form one of the smaller Korean diaspora groups in Europe. As of 2017, 8,147 people of Korean origin (expatriates and immigrants from North or South Korea and 2nd-generation Koreans) lived in the Netherlands.

L. T. F. Gamut

L. T. F. Gamut was a collective pseudonym for the Dutch logicians Johan van Benthem, Jeroen Groenendijk, Dick de Jongh, Martin Stokhof and Henk Verkuyl.Gamut stands for the Dutch universities of Groningen (G), Amsterdam (am), and Utrecht (ut), then the affiliations of the authors. The initials L. T. F. stand for the discussed topics, respectively, Logic (Dutch: Logica), Language (Dutch: Taal) and Philosophy (Dutch: Filosofie).

Maastricht University

Maastricht University (abbreviated as UM; Dutch: Universiteit Maastricht) is a public university in Maastricht, Netherlands. Founded in 1976, it is the second youngest of the thirteen Dutch universities.

In 2013, nearly 16,000 students studied at Maastricht University, 47% of whom were foreign students, with over 3,200 employees. About half of the bachelor's programmes are fully offered in English, while the other half is taught wholly or partly in Dutch. Most of the master's and doctoral programmes are in English. In 2013, Maastricht University was the second Dutch university to be rewarded the ‘Distinctive Quality Feature for Internationalisation’ by the Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders (NVAO).

Besides traditional programmes, Maastricht University also has an honours liberal arts college: University College Maastricht and a Maastricht Science Programme in the same liberal arts tradition. The satellite University College Venlo opened in 2015. Maastricht University regularly ranks as one of Europe's leading universities. Amongst others, Maastricht University's master's programme in International Business is ranked 25, being in the top 25 of the best business programmes in the world according to the Financial Times. The Times Higher Education World Ranking regularly quotes Maastricht University as one of the best young universities in the world (5th rank).

Marnix Gymnasium

The Marnix, het Rotterdamse Gymnasium is a school located in Rotterdam, Netherlands. The school is named after Philips of Marnix, lord of Saint-Aldegonde. It teaches secondary education in the Netherlands and prepares students for a tertiary education at Dutch universities.

Netherlands Bioinformatics Centre

The Netherlands Bioinformatics Centre or NBIC (2003-2013) was a Dutch, government-funded organization, that coordinated all academic work on bioinformatics in the Netherlands. NBIC consisted of programs for research (BioRange), for education (BioWise), and for support (BioAssist). NBIC partners are all Dutch universities and university hospitals, and some commercial entities. The NBIC central office was hosted by the Center for Molecular and Biomolecular Informatics (CMBI) at the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre.

Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO Dutch: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek) is the national research council of the Netherlands. NWO funds thousands of top researchers at universities and institutes and steers the course of Dutch science by means of subsidies and research programmes. NWO promotes quality and innovation in science.

NWO is an independent administrative body under the auspices of the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science. The organization receives about 400 million euros per year, of which approximately 300 million comes directly from the ministry. NWO directs the 300 million budget toward Dutch universities and institutes, often on a project basis. Also, the NWO has its own institutes.

NWO is also known for the annual Spinoza Prizes, and the National Science Quiz for Dutch television.

Nijmegen professor Stan Gielen is president of NWO as of October 2016. Former NWO presidents include Peter Nijkamp en Jos Engelen.

Roosevelt Institute for American Studies

The Roosevelt Institute for American Studies (RIAS) is a research institute, graduate school, conference center, and library for the study of US history and transatlantic relations in the modern era located in the twelfth-century Abbey of Middelburg, the Netherlands. Up to 2017, it was known as the Roosevelt Study Center. The Institute is named after three famous Americans, whose ancestors emigrated from Zeeland, the Netherlands, to the United States in the seventeenth century: President Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919), President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882–1945), and Eleanor Roosevelt (1884–1962).

Stichting Academisch Erfgoed

The Stichting Academisch Erfgoed (SAE), in English the Dutch Foundation for Academic Heritage, is a network of Dutch universities that supports these universities' heritage and cultural collections.

User System Interaction

User-System Interaction (USI) is a multidisciplinary, post-Master educational program which provides practical training in the field of human-computer interaction and user interface design. The program is a part of the Industrial Design faculty at the Eindhoven University of Technology and is a part of the Stan Ackermans Institute and the 3TU, a cooperative initiative between the Eindhoven University of Technology, the Delft University of Technology, and University of Twente.As in most post-Master programs at Dutch universities, participants are officially both students and employees of the university, with the official job title of Postgraduate Design Engineer. As such, each participant is contractually obligated for the two-year duration of the program and the terms of this employment are subject to the legal provisions for Dutch universities (CAO nederlandse universiteiten). Upon graduation, each student receives a Professional Doctorate in Engineering (PDEng).

Vereniging van Universiteiten

The Vereniging van Universiteiten (VSNU; English: Association of Universities in the Netherlands) of the Netherlands is a trade group of ten government-funded universities, three special universities, and the Open University of the Netherlands. It formed as the Vereniging van Samenwerkende Nederlandse Universiteiten in 1985, as a successor to the Academische Raad (est. 1956).

Voorbereidend wetenschappelijk onderwijs

Voorbereidend wetenschappelijk onderwijs (VWO, meaning "preparatory scientific education" in Dutch) is the highest variant in the secondary educational system of the Netherlands, attended by approximately a fifth of all Dutch high school students. After leaving primary or elementary school students are enrolled in different types of secondary schools, according to their academic ability. The course is a six-year course and successful completion allows the candidate admission to Dutch universities. The VWO is therefore a matriculation exam.

The VWO includes the so-called Gymnasium variant, which differs from the regular VWO variant (also called Atheneum) in that it has Latin and/or Classic Greek as an additional, compulsory part of the curriculum (some schools offer additional courses as well). A few schools offer only the Gymnasium variant, called 'Categoraal Gymnasium'. Of all VWO students, around a quarter follow gymnasium, accounting for approximately 5-6% of all Dutch high school students.


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