Dudley DeGroot

Dudley Sargent DeGroot (November 10, 1899 – May 5, 1970) was an American athlete and coach, primarily of American football. He served as the head coach for the Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL) from 1944 and 1945, tallying a mark of 14–5–1; his winning percentage of .737 is the best in franchise history for coaches with at least one full season. DeGroot was also the head football coach at Santa Barbara State College—now the University of California, Santa Barbara (1926–1928), San Jose State University (1932–1939), the University of Rochester (1940–1943), West Virginia University (1948–1949), and the University of New Mexico (1950–1952), compiling a career college football record of 117–67–9. In addition, he served as the head coach of the Los Angeles Dons of the All-America Football Conference (AAFC) from 1946 to 1947.

Dudley DeGroot
Biographical details
BornNovember 10, 1899
Chicago, Illinois
DiedMay 5, 1970 (aged 70)
El Cajon, California
Playing career
Football
1920–1922Stanford
Basketball
1921–1922Stanford
Position(s)Center
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
Football
1926–1928Santa Barbara State
1932–1939San Jose State
1940–1943Rochester (NY)
1944–1945Washington Redskins
1946–1947Los Angeles Dons
1948–1949West Virginia
1950–1952New Mexico
Basketball
1927–1929Santa Barbara State
Baseball
1928Santa Barbara State
Track & field
1927–1928Santa Barbara State
Administrative career (AD unless noted)
1926–1928Santa Barbara State
Head coaching record
Overall117–67–9 (college football)
26–16–3 (NFL/AAFC)
8–24 (college basketball)
2–4 (college baseball)
Bowls1–0
Accomplishments and honors
Championships
Football
2 Far Western (1932, 1934)
1 CCAA (1939)
Awards
Football
All-American, 1922
Dudley DeGroot
Medal record
Men's rugby union
Representing the  United States
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1924 Paris Rugby

Playing career

DeGroot's collegiate participation in sports records that at Stanford University he competed in basketball, football, swimming, and water polo. Playing under the head coach, Pop Warner, he became the Stanford Cardinal football team captain in 1922 and their first All-American athlete.

In both 1923 and 1924, DeGroot was the Intercollegiate Association of Amateur Athletes of America, 4A, ICAAAA, or IC4A, backstroke champion.

DeGroot was a member of the United States rugby team that won an Olympic gold medal during the 1924 competition in Paris. A journal by DeGroot about the activities of this Olympic rugby team was published throughout 23 days during July 1924 by the newspaper, The Call.[1]

Coaching career

DeGroot's early coaching career included Santa Barbara State College, which is now one of the University of California campuses, and Menlo Junior College, the college level portion of Menlo School which became Menlo College in 1927 and now is independent, although they continue to share the same campus.

From 1932 through 1939, DeGroot was the head football coach at San Jose State University, where he put together a 60–19–8 record for the Spartans. His best season there came in 1939, when his team went undefeated and had outscored opponents 324 to 29. As of 2006 on a list published on Mercury News of the seven biggest turnarounds for a single season in the history of the Spartans, only DeGroot is listed twice, for 1932 and 1937. The statistics for these are: the record for the 1932 season is 7–0–2 with a previous season of 1–7 and a margin of six and, the record for the 1937 season is 11–2–1 with a previous season of 5–4 and another margin of six.

His next team leadership was at the University of Rochester, where he was football coach from 1940 through 1943. DeGroot's record there was 24–6.

Moving to professional sports, he then took over the Washington Redskins, a National Football League (NFL) team, in Washington, D.C. Although they lost the NFL championship for that year by one point, 15–14, to the Cleveland Rams, the Redskins won the Eastern Division title in 1945 with DeGroot as their coach. During two seasons with the Los Angeles Dons of the new All-America Football Conference, DeGroot's record was 14–12–2.

DeGroot returned to collegiate coaching as the head football coach at West Virginia University during 1948 through 1949. His record for the West Virginia Mountaineers was 13–9–1. At the University of New Mexico from 1950 through 1952, DeGroot's record was 13–17 for the Lobos.

Scientific recognition

DeGroot received his doctorate degree in education and was recognized as one of the foremost oologists and ornithologists in the United States. His work in oology continues to be discussed in scientific publications.[2]

Personal and family information

Notable members of his immediate family include his son, Dudley E. DeGroot, who obtained his doctorate degree in anthropology,[3][4][5][6][7][8] and one of his daughters, Alice A. DeGroot, who became a large animal veterinarian holding patents for her inventions.[9]

Death

DeGroot died at the age of 70 on May 5, 1970 at his home in El Cajon, California.[10]

Head coaching record

College football

Year Team Overall Conference Standing Bowl/playoffs
Santa Barbara State Roadrunners (Independent) (1926)
1926 Santa Barbara State 2–4
Santa Barbara State Roadrunners (California Coast Conference) (1927–1928)
1927 Santa Barbara State 2–7 2–1
1928 Santa Barbara State 4–5 2–2 5th
Santa Barbara State: 8–16 4–3
San Jose State Spartans (Far Western Conference) (1932–1934)
1932 San Jose State 7–0–2 3–0–2 T–1st
1933 San Jose State 5–4 3–1 2nd
1934 San Jose State 3–3–4 2–0–3 T–1st
San Jose State Spartans (Independent) (1935–1938)
1935 San Jose State 5–5–1
1936 San Jose State 5–4
1937 San Jose State 11–2–1
1938 San Jose State 11–1
San Jose State Spartans (California Collegiate Athletic Association) (1939)
1939 San Jose State 13–0 3–0 1st
San Jose State: 60–19–8 11–1–5
Rochester Yellowjackets () (1940–1943)
1940 Rochester 4–3
1941 Rochester 6–1
1942 Rochester 7–1
1943 Rochester 6–1
Rochester: 23–6
West Virginia Mountaineers (Independent) (1948–1949)
1948 West Virginia 9–3 W Sun
1949 West Virginia 4–6–1
West Virginia: 13–9–1
New Mexico Lobos (Border Conference) (1950)
1950 New Mexico 2–8 2–5 7th
New Mexico Lobos (Skyline Conference) (1952)
1951 New Mexico 4–7 2–4 7th
1952 New Mexico 7–2 5–1 2nd
New Mexico: 13–17 9–10
Total: 117–67–9
      National championship         Conference title         Conference division title or championship game berth

See also

References

  1. ^ Given, Karen, After 92 Years, The United States Still Holds The Olympic Rugby Crown, August 6, 2016 - with extensive quotes from the Dudley S. DeGroot journal
  2. ^ Henderson, Carrol L., Oology, Ralph's Talking Eggs: Bird Conservation Comes Out of Its Shell
  3. ^ obituary - Dudley E. DeGroot
  4. ^ Dudley E. DeGroot, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, 1927-2012, Amy L. Santee, Anthropologizing, December 12, 2012
  5. ^ Dudley Edward DeGroot obituary
  6. ^ An Historic Resources Survey of the Coastal Zone of Sarasota County, Florida, prepared for the Sarasota County Board of County Commissioners, Sarasota County Department of Natural Resources, and the Sarasota County Department of Historical Resources by the University of South Florida Department of Anthropology, Tampa, Florida for the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation per CM.235 Agreement for Cultural Resources Management; March 1990, pp. 5, 213 "...A great deal of information was generously shared by colleagues and concerned Sarasota County residents. We wish to acknowledge the special contributions of the following: ... Kafi Benz, Dudley deGroot ..."
  7. ^ Meacham, Andrew, Eckerd professor, Navy Reserve Rear Adm. Dudley DeGroot dies at 85, Tampa Bay Times, Wednesday, December 19, 2012
  8. ^ Serrie, Hendrick, Dudley Edward DeGroot In Memoriam, Anthropology News, July 25, 2016
  9. ^ United States Patent 4483275
  10. ^ "DR. DUDLEY DEGROOT, EX-FOOTBALL COACH" (PDF). The New York Times. Associated Press. May 7, 1970. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
1926 Santa Barbara State Roadrunners football team

The 1926 Santa Barbara State Roadrunners football team represented Santa Barbara State during the 1926 college football season.

Santa Barbara State competed as an independent in 1926. Records may be incomplete, but six games have been documented. The Roadrunners were led by first-year head coach Dudley DeGroot and played home games at Peabody Stadium in Santa Barbara, California. They finished the season with a record of two wins and four losses (2–4). Overall, the team was outscored by its opponents 27–101 for the season and was shut out in four of the six games.

1927 Santa Barbara State Roadrunners football team

The 1927 Santa Barbara State Roadrunners football team represented Santa Barbara State during the 1927 college football season.

Santa Barbara State competed in the California Coast Conference (CCC) in 1927. The Roadrunners were led by second-year head coach Dudley DeGroot and played home games at Peabody Stadium in Santa Barbara, California. They finished the season with a record of three wins and five losses (3–5, 1–2 CCC). Overall, the team was outscored by its opponents 52–167 for the season and was shut out in four of the eight games.

1932 San Jose State Spartans football team

The 1932 San Jose State Spartans football team represented State Teachers College at San Jose during the 1932 college football season.

San Jose State competed in the Far Western Conference (FWC). The team was led by first-year head coach Dudley DeGroot, and they played home games at Spartan Field in San Jose, California. The team finished the season undefeated and as co-champions of the FWC with a record of seven wins, no losses and two ties (7–0–2, 3–0–2 FWC). The Spartans outscored their opponents 116–27 for the season, with no team scoring more than a touchdown against the Spartans.

1933 San Jose State Spartans football team

The 1933 San Jose State Spartans football team represented State Teachers College at San Jose during the 1933 college football season.

San Jose State competed in the Far Western Conference (FWC). The team was led by head coach Dudley DeGroot, in his second year, and they played home games at Spartan Stadium in San Jose, California. Spartan Stadium, which is still home to San Jose State as of 2017, opened for the first time in 1933. The team finished the season with a record of four wins and four losses (4–4, 3–1 FWC). The Spartans outscored their opponents 102–78 for the season.

1934 San Jose State Spartans football team

The 1934 San Jose State Spartans football team represented State Teachers College at San Jose during the 1934 college football season.

San Jose State competed in the Far Western Conference (FWC). The team was led by head coach Dudley DeGroot, in his third year, and they played home games at Spartan Stadium in San Jose, California. They finished the season as co-champions of the FWC with a record of three wins, three losses and four ties (3–3–4, 2–0–3 FWC). The Spartans were outscored by their opponents 90–126 for the season.

1935 San Jose State Spartans football team

The 1935 San Jose State Spartans football team represented State Teachers College at San Jose. The Spartans were led by fourth-year head coach Dudley DeGroot and played home games at Spartan Stadium. The team played as an independent in 1935, after having been a member of the Far Western Conference (FWC) for the previous six seasons. The Spartans finished with a record of five wins, five losses, and one tie (5–5–1).

1936 San Jose State Spartans football team

The 1936 San Jose State Spartans football team represented San Jose State College. The Spartans were led by fifth-year head coach Dudley DeGroot and played home games at Spartan Stadium. The team played as an independent and finished with a record of five wins and four losses (5–4).

1937 San Jose State Spartans football team

The 1937 San Jose State Spartans football team represented San Jose State College. The Spartans were led by sixth-year head coach Dudley DeGroot and played home games at Spartan Stadium. The team played as an Independent and finished with a record of eleven wins, two losses, and one tie (11–2–1).

1938 San Jose State Spartans football team

The 1938 San Jose State Spartans football team represented San Jose State College. The Spartans were led by seventh-year head coach Dudley DeGroot and played home games at Spartan Stadium. The team played as an Independent and finished with a record of eleven wins and one loss (11–1).

1939 San Jose State Spartans football team

The 1939 San Jose State Spartans football team represented San Jose State College during the 1939 College Division football season.

San Jose State competed in the inaugural year of the California Collegiate Athletic Association (CCAA). The team was classified as an independent for the previous four seasons (1935-1938). The Spartans were led by head coach Dudley DeGroot, in his eighth year, and played home games at Spartan Stadium in San Jose, California.

The Spartans finished the season as undefeated CCAA champions with a final record of thirteen wins and no losses (13-0, 3-0 CCAA). The Spartans dominated their opponents, scoring 324 points for the season while giving up only 29, for an average score of 24–2. Only four opposing teams scored against the Spartans, never more than seven points, and eight teams were shut out.

The Spartans spent two weeks in the Associated Press poll in 1939. They were ranked No. 19 in Week 7 and No. 18 in week 8.

Famed football coach Pop Warner was an advisory coach for the Spartans in 1939 and 1940, helping the team to a 24–1 record over the two seasons. The October 20th game vs. College of the Pacific marked the first time Warner had coached against Amos Alonzo Stagg since the two coaches had met in 1907, when Warner was coaching Carlisle and defeated Stagg's University of Chicago.

1948 West Virginia Mountaineers football team

The 1948 West Virginia Mountaineers football team represented West Virginia University as an independent during the 1948 college football season. In their first season under head coach Dudley DeGroot, the Mountaineers compiled a 9–3 record and outscored opponents by a combined total of 257 to 140. They played their home games at Mountaineer Field in Morgantown, West Virginia. Victor Bonfili, Russell Combs, and Frank Reno were the team captains.

1949 West Virginia Mountaineers football team

The 1949 West Virginia Mountaineers football team represented West Virginia University as an independent during the 1949 college football season. In their second and final season under head coach Dudley DeGroot, the Mountaineers compiled a 4–6–1 record and were outscored by opponents by a combined total of 275 to 227. They played their home games at Mountaineer Field in Morgantown, West Virginia. Peter Zinaich was the team captain.

1950 New Mexico Lobos football team

The 1950 New Mexico Lobos football team represented the University of New Mexico in the Border Conference during the 1950 college football season. In their first season under head coach Dudley DeGroot, the Lobos compiled a 2–8 record (2–5 against conference opponents), finished seventh in the conference, and were outscored by opponents by a total of 330 to 160. On defense, the team allowed an average of 33 points per game, ranking 116th of 120 major college teams.

1951 New Mexico Lobos football team

The 1951 New Mexico Lobos football team represented the University of New Mexico in the Skyline Conference during the 1951 college football season. In their second season under head coach Dudley DeGroot, the Lobos compiled a 4–7 record (2–4 against Skyline opponents), tied for sixth in the conference, and were outscored by opponents by a total of 262 to 213.

1952 New Mexico Lobos football team

The 1952 New Mexico Lobos football team represented the University of New Mexico in the Skyline Conference during the 1952 college football season. In their third and final season under head coach Dudley DeGroot, the Lobos compiled a 7–2 record (5–1 against Skyline opponents), and outscored all opponents by a total of 119 to 46.On defense, the team shut out five opponents and allowed an average of 5.1 points per game, ranking as "the least-scored-on major college team in the nation."

List of San Jose State Spartans head football coaches

The San Jose State Spartans college football team represent San Jose State University in the Mountain West Conference. The Spartans competed in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) College Division in the years 1921–1968. In 1969, the team moved to National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I.

The program has had 29 different head coaches in its 99 seasons of existence (through 2016), including one who had multiple tenures as coach.

List of Washington Redskins head coaches

This is a complete list of Washington Redskins head coaches. There have been 28 head coaches for the Washington Redskins, including coaches for the Boston Redskins (1933–1936) and Boston Braves (1932), of the National Football League (NFL). The Redskins franchise was founded as the Boston Braves, named after the local baseball franchise. The team changed their name to the Redskins in 1933 and moved to Washington, D.C. in 1937.Joe Gibbs is the only coach to have more than one tenure. Two different coaches have won NFL championships with the team: Ray Flaherty in 1937 and 1942, and Joe Gibbs in 1982, 1987 and 1991. Gibbs is the all-time leader in games coached and wins, and Dudley DeGroot leads all coaches in winning percentage with .737 (with at least one full season coached). Mike Nixon is statistically the worst coach the Redskins have had in terms of winning percentage, with .182.Of the 28 Redskins coaches, seven have been elected into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, including Ray Flaherty, Turk Edwards, Curly Lambeau, Otto Graham, Vince Lombardi, George Allen and Joe Gibbs. Several former players have been head coach for the Redskins, including Turk Edwards, Dick Todd, Jack Pardee and Richie Petitbon.

In addition, former players have become assistant coaches, such as Earnest Byner, Russ Grimm, and Keenan McCardell. On January 5, 2010 the Redskins hired former Denver Broncos and Oakland Raiders coach Mike Shanahan. Shanahan went 24–40 during four seasons in charge, before he was fired on December 30, 2013.

List of West Virginia Mountaineers head football coaches

List of West Virginia University Mountaineers head football coaches

Walt McPherson

Walter James McPherson (December 5, 1916 – January 12, 2013) was an American basketball coach and was regarded as one of the best at San Jose State University, and former West Coast Athletic Conference commissioner. McPherson graduated from San Jose State in 1939 and played as a fullback through 1936 and 1938 trained by Dudley DeGroot. He became a basketball coach and assistant football coach, he also managed to get his basketball team in the NCAA Tournament which was the team's first time in the tournament. He also taught Carroll Williams and Billy Wilson who also started their own sport careers. McPherson retired from coaching in 1960.

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