Dubbo

Dubbo /ˈdʌboʊ/[6] is a city in the Orana Region of New South Wales, Australia. It is the largest population centre in the Orana region, with a population of 38,943 as recorded by the 2016 census.

The city is located at the intersection of the Newell, Mitchell and Golden highways. The nearest city, Orange, is approximately 144 km (89 mi) away. Dubbo is located approximately 275 m (902 ft) above sea level, 303 km (188 mi)[4] north-west of Sydney (400 km (249 mi)[7] by road) and is a major road and rail freight hub to other parts of New South Wales. It is linked by national highways north to Brisbane, south to Melbourne, east to Sydney and Newcastle, and west to Broken Hill and Adelaide.

Dubbo is included in the rainfall records and weather forecast region for the Central West Slopes[8] and in the Central West Slopes and Plains division of the Bureau of Meteorology forecasts.[9]

Dubbo
New South Wales
Overlooking Dubbo from the suburb of West Dubbo
Overlooking the city from West Dubbo
Dubbo is located in New South Wales
Dubbo
Dubbo
Coordinates32°15′25″S 148°36′4″E / 32.25694°S 148.60111°ECoordinates: 32°15′25″S 148°36′4″E / 32.25694°S 148.60111°E
Population38,943 (2016 census)[1] (37)
Established1849
1966 (city)[2]
Postcode(s)2830
Elevation275 m (902 ft)[3]
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST)AEDT (UTC+11)
Location392 km (244 mi) NW of Sydney[4][5]
LGA(s)Dubbo Regional Council
RegionCentral West / Orana
CountyLincoln
State electorate(s)Dubbo
Federal Division(s)Parkes
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.3 °C
76 °F
10.1 °C
50 °F
551.7 mm
21.7 in
Dubbo garden
Japanese garden in Dubbo

History

Evidence of habitation by Wiradjuri Nation, Indigenous Australians dates back over 40,000 years.

The explorer and surveyor John Oxley (1784–1828, born, Yorkshire, England) was the first European to report on the area now known as Dubbo in 1818.[10] The first permanent European settler in the area was English born Robert Dulhunty, described as one of the wealthiest citizens in the Australian colony at the time. There are records of squatters being given permission to set up large sheep and cattle stations in the area in 1824 but these were not maintained. Dulhunty occupied a property, known as Dubbo station (established in 1828),[10] from the early 1830s on a squatting basis. With the passing of the Squatting Act in 1836 he took out a licence on the property.[11]

Dulhunty showed an affinity with Indigenous Australians, his party included some 40 Aborigines and he favoured using Aboriginal names for properties, including Dubbo. Dubbo is now thought to be a mispronunciation of the local Wiradjuri word "Thubbo" but because of a lack of precise records from Dulhunty at the time and an incomplete knowledge of the Wiradjuri language today there is some conjecture over the word's meaning. A popular current theory is the word means "red earth", consistent with the local landscape. It is also possible that Thubbo or Tubbo is Wiradjuri for "head covering"[12] – a theory put forward to support this name is that the shape of Dulhunty's house may have looked like a hat to the local people.

Dubbo War Memorial
Dubbo War Memorial

Dundullimal Homestead is a farmhouse from that period, built around 1840 by John Maugham on his 26,000-acre (11,000 ha) sheep station. The building is one of the oldest homesteads still standing in western NSW and today is open to visitors.

In 1846, due to the number of settlers in the area, the government decided to establish a courthouse, police station and lock-up in the Dubbo area. A constables residence was completed in 1847 and a wooden slab construction courthouse and lock-up in early 1848. By this time, the settlement had only four buildings; the constables residence, courthouse and lock-up, a store and an inn.

Due to the lack of title for the land, in 1848 the storekeeper, Jean Emile Serisier, organised a petition asking for a land sale of town allotments. The plan was presented to the colony's Surveyor General in May 1849 by surveyor G. Boyle White.[11] The settlement was gazetted as a village in November 1849 with the first land sales taking place in 1850.[10] Population growth was slow until the Victorian gold rush of the 1860s brought an increase in north-south trade. The first bank was opened in 1867. Steady population growth saw the town proclaimed a municipality in 1872, when its population was 850. The railway extension of the main western railway from Wellington to Dubbo was formally opened on 1 February 1881.[13][14][15] By 1897, Dubbo had a general store, Carrier Arms, a slab courthouse, a gaol and a police hut. The final section of the Molong to Dubbo railway opened in late May 1925.[16][17]

Dubbo was officially proclaimed a city in 1966.[18]

Heritage listings

Dubbo has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Geography

Towards the Warrumbungles from Dubbo
Plains of the Dubbo region, north of the township.

The Macquarie River runs through Dubbo, as does Troy Creek. The City of Dubbo lies within a transition zone between the ranges and tablelands of the Great Dividing Range to the east and the Darling Basin plains to the west.

Climate

Dubbo falls in the warm temperate climate zone.[28] Under Köppen climate classification, Dubbo has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa)[29] that borders the semi-arid climate (BSh).[30][31] Summers are warm to hot, and winters cool to cold, that bring some occurrences of early morning frost but generally no snowfall–unlike the nearby city of Orange. The last occurrence of snow was recorded by The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate in 1900.[32] The town's location in this transition area also allows a large temperature variation during the year, with high summer temperatures, sometimes peaking above 40 °C (104 °F) typical of the Western Plains of New South Wales and colder sub-zero temperatures typical of the Central Tablelands in winter.

Dubbo's location in the transition area between the Central Tablelands and the Central Western Plains have provided a mild distribution of rainfall throughout the year. Dubbo's wettest month is January with an average rainfall of 60.1 millimetres (2.37 in) occurring on average over five days. Evaporation in the Dubbo area averages approximately 1,880 millimetres (74 in) per year. Dubbo is considerably sunny, receiving 148.6 days of clear skies annually, in contrast to Sydney's 104 days.[33]

Wind patterns are ongoing over the whole year. The prevailing winds at Dubbo are from the southeast, south, southwest and west, which account for a combined 64.4% of the wind direction over the whole year.[34]

Climate data for Dubbo (Darling Street) (1870-2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.2
(113.4)
46.1
(115.0)
40.3
(104.5)
36.1
(97.0)
32.7
(90.9)
26.1
(79.0)
23.3
(73.9)
30.6
(87.1)
34.4
(93.9)
40.6
(105.1)
43.4
(110.1)
42.8
(109.0)
46.1
(115.0)
Average high °C (°F) 33.0
(91.4)
32.1
(89.8)
29.4
(84.9)
24.8
(76.6)
19.8
(67.6)
16.0
(60.8)
15.2
(59.4)
17.3
(63.1)
20.8
(69.4)
25.1
(77.2)
29.0
(84.2)
31.9
(89.4)
24.5
(76.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.4
(77.7)
24.8
(76.6)
22.2
(72.0)
17.7
(63.9)
13.2
(55.8)
10.0
(50.0)
8.9
(48.0)
10.4
(50.7)
13.4
(56.1)
17.3
(63.1)
21.1
(70.0)
24.0
(75.2)
17.4
(63.3)
Average low °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
17.6
(63.7)
15.1
(59.2)
10.6
(51.1)
6.6
(43.9)
4.1
(39.4)
2.6
(36.7)
3.5
(38.3)
6.0
(42.8)
9.6
(49.3)
13.2
(55.8)
16.2
(61.2)
10.2
(50.4)
Record low °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
6.3
(43.3)
3.7
(38.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
−4.0
(24.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.4
(34.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−6.7
(19.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 60.7
(2.39)
53.4
(2.10)
47.5
(1.87)
44.2
(1.74)
46.5
(1.83)
49.6
(1.95)
44.3
(1.74)
44.4
(1.75)
42.7
(1.68)
48.9
(1.93)
51.7
(2.04)
50.0
(1.97)
583.9
(22.99)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 5.9 5.4 5.1 4.7 6.1 8.1 7.9 7.4 6.7 6.8 6.1 5.8 76
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 37 39 40 44 53 58 57 51 45 39 36 33 44
Source #1: [35]
Source #2: [36]

Demographics

According to the 2016 Census the population of Dubbo is 38,943. 51.9% of residents are female and 48.9% are male. The median age is 36, slightly younger than the national average of 38. People aged 0-14 constitute 21.2% of the population compared to 18.7% nationally. 14.6% of residents are Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander; the median age in this group is 21.

84.5% of residents report being born in Australia; notably higher than the national average of 66.7%. Other than Australia the most common countries of birth are England 1.0%, India 0.9%, New Zealand 0.8%, Nepal 0.5% and Philippines 0.5%. The most common reported ancestries in Dubbo are Australian, English and Irish.

76.8% of residents report both parents having been born in Australia; significantly higher than the national average of 47.3%.

87.6% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Nepali 0.5%, Mandarin 0.4%, Malayalam 0.3%, Tagalog 0.3% and Sinhalese 0.3%.

The top religious groups in Dubbo are Catholic 30.4%, Anglican 23.2% and Uniting Church 5.2%. 17.9% reported no religion (lower than the 29.6% nationally) and 9.0% did not answer the question.[1]

Economy

The city's largest private employer is Fletcher International Exports, which exports lamb globally.[37] Other local industries reflect the city's status as a regional base for surrounding agricultural regions.

A large employer is the Dubbo Base Hospital, with hospitals (excluding psychiatric hospitals) being the area's single largest employer.[1]

Retail

Dubbo, NSW
The main commercial area of Dubbo

Dubbo is also considered a major shopping centre for the surrounding regional areas in the Central and Far Western districts of New South Wales. Dubbo has many shopping districts including, but not limited to, the large and very recently renewed Orana Mall (East Dubbo), Macquarie and Talbragar Streets (City Centre), Centro Dubbo, Riverdale and Tamworth Street local stores (South Dubbo). Dubbo features many boutiques and unique stores as well as major national stores including Target, Officeworks, Coles, Woolworths, Mitre 10 Home & Trade, Bunnings, Myer, Harris Scarfe, Big W, The Good Guys, Harvey Norman, JB Hi-Fi, Sportsmans Warehouse and The Coffee Club.

A new suburban shopping centre in West Dubbo contains a Woolworths supermarket (Dubbo's third) and 15 smaller retail shops.[38]

Tourism

Giraffa camelopardalis -Taronga Western Plains Zoo, near Dubbo, New South Wales, Australia-8a
Taronga Western Plains Zoo

Tourism is also a significant local industry. Dubbo features the open-range Taronga Western Plains Zoo, which is home to various species of endangered animals, including the White, Black and Indian Rhinoceros', and runs a successful breeding program for a number of endangered species. The zoo is home to numerous specimens from around the world in spacious open-range moat enclosures, grouped according to their continent of origin. Other town attractions include the historic Dundullimal Homestead and the historic Old Dubbo Gaol in the middle of the commercial centre of Macquarie Street. The Western Plains Cultural Centre includes four gallery exhibition spaces, two Museum exhibition spaces and a Community Arts Centre.

Education

There are 20 schools and secondary colleges including the Dubbo school of Distance Education. Dubbo is home to one of the four main campuses of Charles Sturt University which is located next to the Dubbo College Senior Campus. Macquarie Anglican Grammar School and Dubbo Christian School are both private independent k-12 schools located in Dubbo.

Architecture

Dubbo has several fine examples of Victorian civic architecture including the (third) Courthouse (1887), the Lands Office with its use of timber and corrugated iron cladding, and the railway station (1881).[39] Towards the centre of the city the older residential areas contain numerous examples of red brick houses built in the "California Bungalow" style architecture of the early 20th century, together with Victorian terraced houses (Mostly in the Darling Street area) and a few Edwardian semi-detached homes.

Dubbo Courthouse

Courthouse

The Lands Building

Lands Building

Bungalow style housing in Dubbo, NSW

Bungalow home

Terrace in Dubbo New South Wales

Victorian Terraces

Edwardian Semi Detached Homes

Edwardian 'Semis'

Transport

Dubbo City Airport
Dubbo Regional Airport

Dubbo railway station lies on the Main Western railway line between Sydney and Bourke and opened in 1881.[13] Dubbo station is the terminus for a daily NSW TrainLink XPT service from Sydney.[40]

Dubbo also has its own airport, Dubbo Airport, with flights to Sydney (QantasLink, Regional Express), Brisbane (JETGO ), Melbourne–Essendon (JETGO), Newcastle (FlyPelican), Canberra (FlyPelican) and other small out-back New South Wales towns (Airlink). Buses also serve Dubbo, with major runs to Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane.

Media

Local print media include:

  • The Daily Liberal
  • Dubbo Weekender
  • The Weekly Dubbo Photo News
  • The Weekly Mailbox Shopper

Dubbo is home to the Rural Press Central West Regional Hub, which prints many of Rural Press' local newspapers from across the state in the city. Regional Business magazine is also printed locally.

Three commercially licensed radio stations broadcast in the city:

  • Hit FM – broadcasts on FM 93.5, playing popular and hit music.
  • 2DU – Local heritage station which broadcasts on AM 1251.
  • Zoo FM – Rock music station which broadcasts on FM 92.7

ABC Radio also has a studio in the city:

  • ABC Western Plains – Local news and talk on 95.9FM

ABC Radio broadcasts five services to the Dubbo area; ABC Local, ABC Radio National, Triple J, ABC Classic FM, and ABC NewsRadio.

The city also has narrowcast stations on 90.3 FM Racing Radio, a tourist radio station and a country music station. The city has two community stations, DCFM 88.9 Dubbo Community radio and Rhema FM which broadcasts Christian music.

The Dubbo area is served by 5 television stations. In common with all Australian TV stations they now broadcast digital transmissions only, with the primary program in each case being designated as follows:

Additional free-to-air digital television programs are also available in Dubbo. These programs include ABC2, ABC3, ABC News 24, One HD, Eleven, TenHD, 7TWO, 7mate, 9 HD, 9 Go, 9GEM, 9 Life and SBS Two.

Prime7 and WIN Television both produce half-hour-long local news bulletins. Prime7 News screens at 6 pm, while WIN News screens at 7 pm from Monday to Friday.

Subscription Television services are provided by Austar.

Sport and recreation

Sport plays a big role in Dubbo's community life. Rugby league is popular in Dubbo. Three teams compete in the Group 11 Rugby League – the Dubbo CYMS, Dubbo Westside and Dubbo Macquarie Raiders. The city also has an Australian rules football team, the Dubbo Demons who were premiers in the Central West Australian Football League in 2007. There are also two rugby union teams, the Dubbo Kangaroos (Roos) and the Dubbo Rhinos, which compete in the Central West Rugby competition, the Blowes Clothing Cup. Dubbo Junior Cricket Association conducts cricket for over 500 children aged between 5 and 16 during the period October to March and also conducts 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade competitions during this time.

Dubbo has a turf club, which incorporates a pony club, horse racing and organises shows and gymkhana. Ultimate Frisbee is a new sport to the town and is rapidly growing in popularity. The Dubbo Ultimate Frisbee Federation (DUFF) is the local Ultimate club and organises a local league and the Dubbo Meerkats Mixed rep side.[41] The 'Dubbo Rams' compete in the men's and women's NSW State Basketball Leagues. Netball is also popular in Dubbo with competitions every weekend for all age groups during netball season at the Nita McGrath netball courts near the Macquarie River in Central Dubbo. Dubbo has a large Junior and Senior Hockey Association with representative teams for all ages while also participating in the 'Premier League Hockey' Competition in both the Men's (Dubbo Lions) and Women's (Dubbo Blue Jays). Soccer is very popular particularly among children. Dubbo has its own all-age men's and women's competition and has three teams – Dubbo FC Bulls, Westside Panthers and Orana Spurs – who compete in the Western Premier League. Dubbo also has one of the only 10 Lane pools outside of Sydney in NSW, the Dubbo Aquatic and Leisure Centre. The 'DALC' hosts meets through the Western Swimming Association (and affiliated clubs Dubbo City Swimtech and Orana Aquatic) and School Carnivals.

Dubbo's Caltex Park hosted the annual City vs Country Origin match in 2006, with an attendance of 11,423, and in 2014, with an attendance of more than 9,600 in rainy conditions.[42]

In 2007 Dubbo hosted the Junior World Orienteering Championships with most of the events held in the granite outcrops of the nearby Sappa Bulga Range. From this event the orienteering club Western Plains Orienteers was born. Other sports popular in Dubbo include lawn bowls, via the huge variety of bowling clubs, and golf (the golf is held on Dubbo's 27 hole golf course).

Annual events and culture

Dubbo Multicultural Festival

Every September, the Multicultural Festival has a Parade & Festival in Victoria Park, & the following weekend a Dinner and Concert, held at the Dubbo Regional Theatre and Convention Centre.

Dubbo Show

The annual agricultural show, held around April/May of each year, is a major event for Dubbo and surrounding areas with a carnival like atmosphere.

Dubbo National Steer Show

This event is the annual domestic steer and heifer (cattle) hoof and hook show. Each year over 100 beef carcase cattle are judged live (hoof) as led or un-led and dead (hook). It is also the annual young judges, auctioneers and paraders competition. These events are very popular among the schools and colleges of the New South Wales area.

Dubbo City Eisteddfod

The Dubbo Eisteddfod is held annually at Dubbo Regional Theatre and Convention Centre, with students from Dubbo as well as surrounding regions including Gilgandra, Wellington, Orange, Gulgong, Narromine and Bathurst competing in the various sections.This involves Speech, Drama, Instrumental & Dance. The Eisteddfod runs from May until July each year.

Dubbo International Body Building Championships

Dubbo International Body Building Championships is an annual natural bodybuilding event that has been held in the city for last 26 years. The INBA Dubbo Natural Physique Titles competition is sanctioned by INBA Australia, which is the Australian affiliate of the International Natural Bodybuilding Association.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Dubbo". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 March 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/220025019
  3. ^ "DCC Annual Report" (PDF). Dubbo City Council. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2007. (refer page 7)
  4. ^ a b "Great Circle Distance between DUBBO and SYDNEY". Cocky Flies. Geoscience Australia. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  5. ^ Dubbo lies at a bearing of 307° from Sydney
  6. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  7. ^ "Driving directions to Sydney NSW". Google Maps Australia driving directions. Google. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  8. ^ Weather, The Land newspaper, 2009-10-29, Rural Press, North Richmond, NSW
  9. ^ New South Wales Forecast Areas Map Archived 12 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2010-1-27
  10. ^ a b c "Australian Heritage – Dubbo". Australian Heritage – Historical Towns Directory. Heritage Australia Publishing. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  11. ^ a b Hornage, Bill (1974). Old Dubbo Gaol. Gaol Restoration Committee of the Dubbo Museum and Historical Society. pp. 4–5. ISBN 0-9598436-0-4.
  12. ^ "PLACE NAMES". The Australian Women's Weekly. National Library of Australia. 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  13. ^ a b Bozier, Rolfe. "Dubbo Station". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  14. ^ "EXTENSION OF THE RAILWAY FROM WELLINGTON TO DUB[?]". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 31 January 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  15. ^ "OUR RAILWAYS". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 14 February 1881. p. 7. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  16. ^ "RAILWAYS". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 30 May 1925. p. 21. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  17. ^ Bozier, Rolfe. "Molong-Dubbo Line". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  18. ^ "Dubbo". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Dubbo RAAF Stores Depot (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01701. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  20. ^ "Talbragar Shire Council Chambers". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00219. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  21. ^ "CBC Bank". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00039. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  22. ^ "CML Building". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00180. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Kemwah Court". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00544. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Old Dubbo Gaol". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01689. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  25. ^ "Dubbo Railway Station and yard group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01130. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Dubbo rail bridge over Macquarie River". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01032. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  27. ^ "Dundullimal". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01497. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  28. ^ Stern, H., de Hoedt, G. and Ernst, J. 2000. Objective Classification of Australian Climates. Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne.
  29. ^ R.L. Specht; Philip Rundel; W.E. Westman; P.C. Catling; Jonathan Majer; Penelope Greenslade (6 December 2012). Mediterranean-type Ecosystems: A data source book. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 95. ISBN 978-94-009-3099-5.
  30. ^ "Biodiversity survey and assessment" (PDF). Charles Sturt University. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  31. ^ Sahukar, R. Gallery, C., Smart, J. and Mitchell, P. (2003). The Bioregions of New South Wales – Their biodiversity, conservation and history. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville.
  32. ^ "Heavy fall of snow in Dubbo". The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate. Trove. 7 July 1900. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
  33. ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  34. ^ http://www.dubbo.nsw.gov.au/AboutDubbo/ClimateInformation.html
  35. ^ "Dubbo (Darling Street)". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. March 2013. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  36. ^ "Dubbo Airport AWS". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. September 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  37. ^ "Program aims to cut Dubbo unemployment". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 24 June 2005. Retrieved 19 April 2008..
  38. ^ "Application lodged for West Dubbo shopping centre". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 11 March 2005. Retrieved 7 July 2009.
  39. ^ "Dubbo". WalkAbout. Archived from the original on 23 February 2008. Retrieved 19 April 2008..
  40. ^ "Western timetable" (PDF). NSW Trainlink. 30 September 2018.
  41. ^ "Dubbo Ultimate Frisbee Federation". Retrieved 6 Mar 2013.
  42. ^ AAP (13 May 2006). "Finch shines for Country". TVNZ. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  43. ^ "Serisier, Jean Emile (1824–1881)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Online. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
  44. ^ "Shoyoen Sister City Garden & Jurian Ceremonial Tea House Points of Interest" (PDF). Dubbo City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
  45. ^ Dubbo The City and its History by Bill Hornage
  46. ^ Dubbo City on the Plain by Marion Dormer
  47. ^ Packham Hargrave, Margaret (15 February 2011). "Councillor for C Ward". LinkMe. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  48. ^ a b "Browsing birth town: Dubbo, New South Wales, Australia". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 2015-03-30.
  49. ^ "Amy-Lea Mills | Deaflympics". www.deaflympics.com. Retrieved 2017-10-02.

External links

Media related to Dubbo at Wikimedia Commons

Central West (New South Wales)

The Central West is a region of New South Wales, Australia. The region is geographically in eastern New South Wales, in the area west of the Blue Mountains, which are west of Sydney. It has an area of 63,262 square kilometres (24,426 sq mi).Major population and service centres in the Central West include the cities of Bathurst, Orange and Dubbo; and the large towns of Cowra and Parkes. Bathurst, Orange and Dubbo are home to campuses of Charles Sturt University, the only main provider of university education for the region.

Charles Sturt University

Charles Sturt University (CSU) is an Australian multi-campus public university located in New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, and the Australian Capital Territory. Established in 1989, it was named in honour of Captain Charles Sturt, a British explorer who made expeditions into regional New South Wales and South Australia.

The University has multiple campuses in Albury-Wodonga, Bathurst, Dubbo, Goulburn, Orange, Port Macquarie, Coffs Harbour, Wagga Wagga and Canberra. The University also facilitates specialist centres in North Parramatta, Manly (Sydney), Wangaratta as well as Regional University Study Centres in Griffith and Parkes. Courses are also delivered in conjunction with Study Group Australia in Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane (known as CSU Study Centres).Charles Sturt University offers various Distance Education programs at Bachelor and Post-Graduate level as well as the Single Subject Study program. CSU also has various course delivery partnerships with several TAFE institutions across the country.

City of Dubbo

The City of Dubbo was a local government area in the Orana region of New South Wales, Australia. The former area is located adjacent to the Mitchell, Newell, and the Golden highways, the Main Western railway line, and the Macquarie River.

A 2015 review of local government boundaries recommended that the City of Dubbo merge with the Wellington Council to form a new council with an area of 7,536 square kilometres (2,910 sq mi) and support a population of approximately 51,000. Following an independent review, on 12 May 2016 the Minister for Local Government announced the dissolution of the Dubbo City Council and the Wellington Council, together with the establishment of the Western Plains Regional Council with immediate effect.The President of the City of Dubbo is Lord Brent Milgate.

The last mayor of the City of Dubbo was Clr. Mathew Dickerson, an independent politician.

The last deputy mayor of the City of Dubbo was Clr. Ben Shields, an unaligned politician. Clr. Ben Shields was elected in 1st position at the 2012 and 2008 Dubbo City Council elections.

The largest population centre in the former area is the regional city of Dubbo. The local government area also included the villages of Eumungerie, Mogriguy, Brocklehurst, Wongarbon, Toongi, and Rawsonville.

Daily Liberal

The Daily Liberal is a daily newspaper produced in the city of Dubbo, New South Wales, Australia. The news stories published relate particularly to the city of Dubbo and the surrounding district. The newspaper was first printed in 1875. The current price for the daily editions is A$1.60. It has previously been published as The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate and The Daily Liberal and Macquarie Advocate.

The Saturday edition is published under the banner of the Weekend Liberal.

Division of Darling

The Division of Darling was an Australian Electoral Division in New South Wales. The division was created in 1900 and was one of the original 75 divisions contested at the first federal election. From 1901 until 1922 it was based on Bourke, Cobar, Nyngan, Coonamble and Gilgandra. From 1906 it also included Dubbo. The 1922 redistribution increased the number of voters in some rural electorates and as a result the division of Barrier was abolished with most of its population, including the large mining town of Broken Hill, Wentworth and Balranald, was absorbed by Darling along with Hay from Riverina. Dubbo was transferred to Gwydir in 1922 but returned to Darling in 1934. In 1948, Dubbo, Gilgandra and Coonamble were transferred to the new division of Lawson and Hay and Balranald were transferred to Riverina. In 1955 Coonamble returned to Darling. In 1977 it was abolished with Broken Hill and Wentworth going to Riverina and Bourke, Cobar, Nyngan and Coonamble going to Gwydir.Darling was named for the Darling River. It was a safe seat for the Australian Labor Party throughout its history. Its most prominent member was William Spence, one of the founders of the Labor Party and the Australian Workers' Union.

Dubbo City Regional Airport

Dubbo City Regional Airport (IATA: DBO, ICAO: YSDU) is a regional airport serving Dubbo, a city in the Australian state of New South Wales. The airport is located 2 nautical miles (3.7 km; 2.3 mi) northwest of Dubbo and is operated by the Dubbo City Council. It is also known as Dubbo Airport or Dubbo City Airport.

Dubbo Regional Council

The Dubbo Regional Council is a local government area located in the Central West and Orana regions of New South Wales, Australia. The council was formed on 12 May 2016 through a merger of the City of Dubbo and Wellington Council. Originally named Western Plains Regional Council, the name was changed to Dubbo Regional Council on 7 September 2016.The council comprises an area of 7,536 square kilometres (2,910 sq mi) and occupies part of the central western plains of New South Wales, surrounding the regional centre of Dubbo. As at the 2016 census, the council had an estimated population of 50,077.The first and current Mayor of Dubbo Regional Council is Councillor Ben Shields, elected to the position on 28 September 2017.

Dubbo railway station

The Dubbo railway station is an heritage-listed railway station and bus interchange located on the Main Western line in Dubbo in the Dubbo Regional Council local government area of New South Wales, Australia. The station serves the city of Dubbo and was opened on 1 February 1881. The station is also known as Dubbo Railway Station and yard group. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales and was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. The station and associated yards were designed by the office of the Engineer-in-Chief of the NSW Government Railways, under the direction of John Whitton.Dubbo was a major railway centre, being the junction for the Main Western, Molong-Dubbo and Coonamble lines and maintaining a sizeable locomotive depot. Dubbo was the limit for heavier 36, 38 and 60 class locomotives, with smaller locomotives taking over for journeys further west. The station previously had a bay platform, which was removed in August 1988. Rail services east from Central Sydney terminate at Dubbo and there are now services by coaches to the north west.

Electoral district of Dubbo

Dubbo is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is represented by Troy Grant of the National Party.

Dubbo is a regional electorate covering three local government areas, including all of Dubbo Regional Council, Narromine Shire, and the majority of Mid-Western Regional Council. Its major population centres are Dubbo, Narromine, Wellington and Mudgee.

Far West Express

The Far West Express was an Australian passenger train operated by the New South Wales Government Railways from December 1957 until September 1975 from Dubbo to Bourke, Cobar and Coonamble.It connected at Dubbo in the morning with the overnight Western Mail from Sydney, returning in the afternoon to connect with the return Mail in the evening. The train was formed of an air-conditioned DEB set with a van off the train from Sydney attached to the rear. It operated to Bourke thrice weekly, Cobar once weekly and Coonamble twice weekly.It ceased in September 1975 when the Public Transport Commission introduced a fleet of six Denning road coaches to operate the services radiating from Dubbo.

Group 11 Rugby League

Group 11 is a rugby league competition in the surrounding areas of Dubbo, New South Wales, Australia. The competition is played in three grades, these being Under 18s, Reserve-Grade and First-Grade.

HMAS Dubbo (J251)

HMAS Dubbo (J251/M251), named for the city of Dubbo, New South Wales, was one of 60 Bathurst-class corvettes constructed during World War II, and one of 36 initially manned and commissioned solely by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).

Little River (Dubbo)

Little River (Dubbo), a watercourse of the Macquarie catchment within the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the central western and Orana districts of New South Wales, Australia.

The river rises in Curumbeyenya Range within Goobang National Park, west of Molong and flows generally north north-east, joined by three minor tributaries, before reaching its confluence with the Macquarie River west of Geurie; descending 363 metres (1,191 ft) over its 122 kilometres (76 mi) course.

Molong–Dubbo railway line

The Molong–Dubbo railway line is an inactive railway line in western New South Wales, Australia. It branched off the Broken Hill line at Molong and paralleled the Main West line before rejoining it at Dubbo. The line was designed with gentler grades than the steeper section of the Main Western line via Wellington, but this resulted in it taking a meandering course (131 km in length for a point-to point distance of 85 km).The line is particularly scenic, and comprised several steel bridges and some significant engineering works. The New South Wales Government Railways had intentions for it to become the mainline to Dubbo. The line was approved in 1916, but the First World War saw its construction delayed until 1920. It opened in 1925 with expectations of high traffic as ten crossing loops and significant attended passenger station facilities were provided; however, the line never operated to its designed capacity.

Passenger services were operated by CPH railmotors between 1932 and 1974, with the occasional diversion of other mainline trains over the line. The rail motor was withdrawn in September 1974 along with many other branch services during a nationwide fuel crisis. The line saw considerable local grain haulage however, but the general freight downturn in the 1980s, the opening of the Ulan line and a transfer of some local grain haulage to road transport by the State Rail Authority saw the line's demise, and it was truncated north of Yeoval in 1987 with the remainder officially closed in 1993.

In 2012, Alkane Resources expressed an interest in upgrading and opening the line for transporting goods and ore to and from its Rare Earth Mine, 30 km south of Dubbo, at Toongi. The cost of upgrading this section of line was estimated at A$30 million. In April 2013, Alkane announced that its studies into the reactivation of this part of the line were 'well advanced'.A late 2013 environmental impact statement from Alkane suggested that road would be the preferred option initially because of a lack of guaranteed material supply via rail from Newcastle, but that the issue might be revisited again before 2018.

NSW TrainLink

NSW TrainLink is an Australian brand for the medium and long distance passenger rail and coach services in New South Wales. It operates services throughout New South Wales and into the neighbouring states and territories of Victoria, Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory. Train services are operated by the government's NSW Trains. Coach services are contracted to private operators. It is an agency of Transport for NSW.

NSW TrainLink Regional Train Project

The NSW TrainLink Regional Train Project is an initiative of Transport for NSW to procure new trains to replace NSW TrainLink's entire regional fleet.

Talbragar River

Talbragar River, a perennial stream that is part of the Macquarie catchment within the Murray-Darling basin, is located in the Upper Hunter and Orana districts of New South Wales, Australia.

The river rises on the western side of the Liverpool Range on south slopes of Great Dividing Range, north of Cassilis and flows generally south west, joined by fifteen tributaries, including the Coolaburragundy River, and reaching its confluence with the Macquarie River near Dubbo; descending 876 metres (2,874 ft) over its 277 kilometres (172 mi) course.

The river flows through the Dunedoo and is noted for its influence on flood, particularly for its capacity for rapid rise and fall, due to the wide catchment, and the effect of its flood water on Dubbo.

Wellington, New South Wales

Wellington is a town in inland New South Wales, Australia, located at the junction of the Macquarie and Bell Rivers. It is within the local government area of Dubbo Regional Council. The town is 362 kilometres (225 mi) from Sydney on the Great Western Highway and Mitchell Highway.

Western Mail (train)

The Western Mail was an Australian passenger train that ran from Sydney to Dubbo and Parkes from the 1973 until November 1988. The service commenced when the Dubbo Mail and Forbes Mail were combined.The service ran overnight from Sydney via the Main Western line to Orange where the train divided with separate portions for Dubbo and Parkes. At Dubbo it connected with the Far West Express to Bourke, Cobar and Coonamble.From 1957, the Sydney to Lithgow portion of the journey was hauled by 46 and later 86 class electric locomotives following the electrification of the Blue Mountains line.

Until November 1983, the Parkes service was extended to Forbes on certain nights. From June 1985, most Dubbo based State Rail Authority road coach services that connected with the Western Mail were retimed to meet with the Central West XPT.The Orange to Parkes portion was withdrawn in May 1986 with the remainder of the service ceasing in November 1988.

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