DuSable Museum of African American History

The DuSable Museum of African American History is dedicated to the study and conservation of African American history, culture, and art. It was founded in 1961 by Dr. Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, her husband Charles Burroughs, Gerard Lew, Eugene Feldman, Marian M. Hadley, and others.[1] Taylor-Burroughs and other founders established the museum to celebrate black culture, at the time overlooked by most museums and academic establishments. The museum is located at 740 E. 56th Place at the corner of Cottage Grove Avenue in Washington Park, on the South Side of Chicago. The museum has an affiliation with the Smithsonian Institution.

DuSable Museum of African American History
Wide stairs lead to a mall in front of the one-story multi-winged museum.
DuSable Museum of African American History is located in Greater Chicago
DuSable Museum of African American History
Location within the Chicago metropolitan area.
EstablishedFebruary 16, 1961
(current location since 1973)
Location740 East 56th Place
Chicago, Illinois 60637
U.S.
Coordinates41°47′32″N 87°36′26″W / 41.792111°N 87.607306°W
PresidentPerri L. Irmer
Websitewww.dusablemuseum.org

History

Founding

The DuSable Museum was chartered on February 16, 1961.[2] Its origins as the Ebony Museum of Negro History and Art began in the work of Margaret and Charles Burroughs to correct the perceived omission of black history and culture in the education establishment.[3][4] The museum was originally located on the ground floor of the Burroughs' home at 3806 S. Michigan Avenue.[3][5][6] In 1968, the museum was renamed for Jean Baptiste Point du Sable, a Haitian fur trader and the first non-Native-American permanent settler in Chicago.[7][8] During the 1960s, the museum and the South Side Community Art Center, which was located across the street, founded in 1941 by Taylor-Burroughs and dedicated by Eleanor Roosevelt,[9] formed an African American cultural corridor.[7] This original museum site had previously been a social club [10] and boarding house for African American railroad workers and is now listed as a Chicago Landmark and on the National Register of Historic Places.[7][11]

The DuSable Museum quickly filled a void caused by limited cultural resources then available to African Americans in Chicago. It became an educational resource for African American history and culture and a focal point in Chicago for black social activism. The museum has hosted political fundraisers, community festivals, and various events serving the black community. The museum's model has been emulated in numerous other cities around the country, including Boston, Los Angeles, and Philadelphia.[7]

Expansion

In 1973, the Chicago Park District donated the usage of a park administration building in Washington Park as the site for the museum.[4][5] The current location once served as a lockup facility for the Chicago Police Department.[5] In 1993, the museum expanded with the addition of a new wing named in honor of the late Mayor Harold Washington,[4] the first African-American mayor of Chicago.[12] In 2004, the original building became a contributing building to the Washington Park United States Registered Historic District which is a National Register of Historic Places listing.[13][14]

The DuSable Museum is the oldest and before the founding of the National Museum of African American History and Culture in the 21st century, the largest caretaker of African American culture in the United States. Over its long history, it has expanded as necessary to reflect the increased interest in black culture.[15] This willingness to adapt has allowed it to survive while other museums faltered due to a weakening economy and decreased public support.[16] The museum was the eighth one located on Park District land.[4] Although it focuses on exhibiting African American culture, it is one of several Chicago museums that celebrates Chicago's ethnic and cultural heritage.[17]

Antoinette Wright, director of the DuSable Museum, has said that African American art has grown out of a need for the culture to preserve its history orally and in art due to historical obstacles to other forms of documentation. She also believes that the museum serves as a motivational tool for members of a culture that has experienced extensive negativity.[18] In the 1980s, African American museums such as the DuSable endured the controversy of whether negative aspects of the cultural history should be memorialized.[19] In the 1990s, the African American genre of museum began to flourish despite financial difficulties.[18] In 2016, the museum formed an affiliation with the Smithsonian Institution.[20]

Collection

The new wing contains a permanent exhibit on Washington with memorabilia, personal effects and surveys highlights of his political career.[5] The museum also serves as the city's primary memorial to du Sable.[4] Highlights of its collection include the desk of activist Ida B. Wells, the violin of poet Paul Laurence Dunbar[21], and the Charles Dawson Papers[22].

The museum has a collection of 13,000 artifacts, books, photographs, art objects, and memorabilia.[5] The DuSable collection has come largely from private gifts. It has United States slavery-era relics, nineteenth- and twentieth-century artifacts, and archival materials, including the diaries of sea explorer Captain Harry Dean. The DuSable collection includes works from scholar W. E. B. Du Bois, sociologist St. Clair Drake, and poet Langston Hughes. The African American art collection contains selections from the South Side Community Art Center students Charles White, Archibald Motley, Jr., Gus Nall, Charles Sebree, and Marion Perkins, as well as numerous New Deal Works Progress Administration period and 1960s Black Arts Movement works. The museum also owns prints and drawings by Henry O. Tanner, Richmond Barthé, and Romare Bearden, and has an extensive collection of books and records pertaining to African and African American history and culture.[7][23]

Facilities

The original north entrance contains the main lobby of the museum and features the Thomas Miller mosaics, which honor the institution's founders. The building was designed c.1915 by D.H. Burnham and Company to serve as the South Park Administration Building in Washington Park on the city's south side.[4] The new wing is 25,000 square feet (2,300 m2). The museum has a 466-seat auditorium, which is part of the new wing, that hosts community-related events, such as a jazz and blues music series, poetry readings, film screenings, and other cultural events. The museum also has a gift shop and a research library.[5] As of 2001, the museum operated with a US$2.7 million budget, compared to a $55.7 million budget for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.[18] The museum's funding is partially dependent upon a Chicago Park District tax levy.[7]

After the 1993 expansion of the new wing, the museum contained 50,000 square feet (4,600 m2) of exhibition space. The $4 million expansion was funded by a $2 million matching funds grant from city and state officials.[2] In addition, the museum has been working on preserving and expanding facilities in a nearby architecturally significant roundhouse.[24]

See also

References

  1. ^ Rocksborough-Smith, Ian (Fall 2011). "Margaret T.G. Burroughs and Black Public History in Cold War Chicago". The Black Scholar. 41 (3): 26–42. doi:10.5816/blackscholar.41.3.0026. JSTOR 10.5816/blackscholar.41.3.0026.
  2. ^ a b "Tanqueray salutes the DuSable Museum – DuSable Museum of African-American History, Chicago, Illinois". Ebony. Johnson Publishing Company. February 1993. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
  3. ^ a b "Margaret Burroughs Biography". The HistoryMakers. 2000-06-12. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "About DuSable Museum". DuSable Museum of African American History. Archived from the original on 2008-04-18. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Chicago Attractions: DuSable Museum of African-American History". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  6. ^ "DuSable Museum of African-American History". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Dickerson, Amina J. (2005). "DuSable Museum". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago History Museum. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
  8. ^ Wade, Betsy (1991-07-14). "Practical Traveler; Tracing the Trail Of Black History". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  9. ^ "South Side Community Art Center". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago History Museum. 2005. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  10. ^ City of Chicago | Landmarks web – Landmark Details – Griffiths-Burroughs House
  11. ^ National Register of Historic Places-Griffiths, John W., Mansion
  12. ^ Johnson, Dirk (1987-11-26). "Chicago's Mayor Washington Dies After a Heart Attack in His Office". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on February 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  13. ^ Bachrach, Julia Sniderman (2004-07-02). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington Park" (PDF). United States Department of the Interior/National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
  14. ^ "Illinois – Cook County – Historic Districts". National Register of Historic Places. Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
  15. ^ Rotenberk, Lori (1992-02-04). "DuSable Museum to get new look". Chicago Sun-Times. Sun-Times Media Group. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  16. ^ Jackson, Cheryl V. (2005-02-01). "DuSable plans expansion as others falter". Chicago Sun-Times. Sun-Times Media Group. Retrieved 2009-01-27.
  17. ^ Schmidt, William E. (1990-11-04). "What's Doing In; Chicago". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  18. ^ a b c Kinzer, Stephen (2001-02-22). "Arts in America; A Struggle to Be Seen". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  19. ^ Williams, Lena (1988-12-08). "Black Memorabilia: The Pride and the Pain". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  20. ^ Associated Press (March 25, 2016). "DuSable Museum named as Smithsonian Institution affiliate". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  21. ^ Wade, Betsy (1991-07-14). "Practical Traveler; Tracing the Trail Of Black History". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
  22. ^ Schulman, Daniel (2008-09-08). "Design Journeys: Charles Dawson". AIGA. AIGA. Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  23. ^ "Lincoln Speaks to Freedmen on the Steps of the Capital at Richmond". CivilWarinArt.org. Retrieved 2016-04-15.
  24. ^ Messner, Matthew (December 29, 2018). "Chicago's DuSable Museum converts a horse stable into a powerful space". Architects Newspaper. Retrieved 2018-01-16.

External links

Coordinates: 41°47′32″N 087°36′26″W / 41.79222°N 87.60722°W

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Eugene Winslow

Eugene Winslow (November 17, 1919 – 2001) was an American artist, illustrator, businessman and publisher. He co-founded Afro-Am Publishing in Chicago, Illinois. In 2000, the DuSable Museum of African-American History honored him as one of seven black design pioneers in Chicago.

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the Field Museum, Shedd Aquarium, and Adler Planetarium in the Near South Side's Museum Campus;

the Museum of Science and Industry, Oriental Institute, Smart Museum of Art, and DuSable Museum in Hyde Park;

the Museum of Contemporary Art, The Second City comedy troupe, and the Chicago Shakespeare Theater in Near North Side;

the Garfield Park Conservatory;

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Margaret Taylor-Burroughs

Margaret Taylor-Burroughs (November 1, 1915 – November 21, 2010), also known as Margaret Taylor Goss, Margaret Taylor Goss Burroughs or Margaret T G Burroughs; was an American visual artist, writer, poet, educator, and arts organizer. She co-founded the Ebony Museum of Chicago, now the DuSable Museum of African American History. An active member of the African-American community, she also helped to establish the South Side Community Art Center, whose opening on May 1, 1941 was dedicated by the First Lady of the United States Eleanor Roosevelt. There at the age of 23 Burroughs served as the youngest member of its board of directors. A long-time educator, she spent most of her career at DuSable High School. Taylor-Burroughs was a prolific writer, with her efforts directed toward the exploration of the Black experience and to children, especially to their appreciation of their cultural identity and to their introduction and growing awareness of art. She is also credited with the founding of Chicago's Lake Meadows Art Fair in the early 1950s.

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Museum of African-American History

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Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African-American History & Culture, a museum in Baltimore, Maryland

Museum of African American History (Boston, Massachusetts), a museum in Boston, Massachusetts

National Museum of African American History and Culture, a museum in Washington, D.C.

Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, a museum in Detroit, Michigan

Legacy Museum of African American History, a museum in Lynchburg, Virginia

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External link: The society's on-line newsletter

Thomas Miller (visual artist)

Thomas Miller (December 24, 1920 - July 19, 2012) was a prolific graphic designer and visual artist, whose best known publicly accessible work is the collection of mosaics of the founders of DuSable Museum of African American History in Chicago, Illinois. The mosaics are a prominent feature of the lobby of the museum, the original portion of which was designed c.1915 by D.H. Burnham and Company to serve as the South Park Administration Building in Washington Park on the city's south side. After serving various purposes, the building became the home of the DuSable in 1973.

Washington Park, Chicago (community area)

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Washington Park (Chicago park)

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