Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency

The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA; Welsh: Asiantaeth Trwyddedu Gyrwyr a Cherbydau) is the organisation of the UK government responsible for maintaining a database of drivers in Great Britain and a database of vehicles for the entire United Kingdom. Its counterpart for drivers in Northern Ireland is the Driver and Vehicle Agency (DVA). The agency issues driving licences, organises collection of vehicle excise duty (also known as road tax and road fund licence) and sells personalised registrations.

The DVLA is an executive agency of the Department for Transport (DfT). The current Chief Executive of the agency is Julie Lennard.[1]

The DVLA is based in Swansea, Wales, with a prominent 16-storey building in Clase and offices in Swansea Vale. It was previously known as the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Centre (DVLC). The agency previously had a network of 39 offices around Great Britain, known as the Local Office Network, where users could attend to apply for licences and transact other business, but throughout the course of 2013, the local offices were gradually closed down, and all had been closed by December 2013. The agency's work is consequently fully centralised in Swansea, with the majority of users having to transact remotely - by post or (for some transactions) by phone.[2]

DVLA introduced Electronic Vehicle Licensing (EVL) in 2004, allowing customers to pay vehicle excise duty online and by telephone.[3] However, customers still have the option to tax their vehicles via the Post Office. A seven-year contract enabling the Post Office to continue to process car tax applications was agreed in November 2012, with the option of a three-year extension.[4]

Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency
Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (UK)
DVLA Swansea

The DVLA in Swansea
Agency overview
Formed1965
TypeExecutive agency
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom
HeadquartersSwansea, Wales, United Kingdom
Agency executive
  • Julie Lennard, Chief Executive Officer
Parent agencyDepartment for Transport
Websitewww.gov.uk/dvla

History

Originally, vehicle registration was the responsibility of Borough and County councils throughout Great Britain, a system created by the Motor Car Act 1903. The licensing system was centralised in 1965 and administered from the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Centre (DVLC) in Swansea. In 1990, the DVLC was renamed as the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA), becoming an executive agency of Department for Transport.[5]

British Forces Germany civilian vehicles

Civilian vehicles used in Germany by members of British Forces Germany or their families are registered with the DVLA on behalf of the Ministry of Defence.

Diplomatic and consular vehicles

Official diplomatic and consular vehicles are registered with the DVLA on behalf of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

DVLA database

DVLA old
Pre-2012 logo of DVLA

The vehicle register held by DVLA is used in many ways. For example, by the DVLA itself to identify untaxed vehicles, and by outside agencies to identify keepers of cars entering central London who have not paid the congestion charge, or who exceed speed limits on a road that has speed cameras by matching the cars to their keepers utilising the DVLA database. The current DVLA vehicle register was built by EDS under a £5 million contract signed in 1996, with a planned implementation date on October 1998, though actual implementation was delayed by a year. It uses a client–server architecture and uses the vehicle identification number, rather than the registration plate, as the primary key to track vehicles, eliminating the possibility of having multiple registrations for a single vehicle.

The Vehicle Identity Check (VIC) was introduced to help reduce vehicle crime. It is intended to deter criminals from disguising stolen cars with the identity of written off or scrapped vehicles however this scheme was later scrapped in October 2014.

When an insurance company writes off a car, the registration document (V5 logbook) is surrendered to them and destroyed. The insurance company will then notify the DVLA that the vehicle has been written off. This notification will set a "VIC marker" on the vehicle record on the DVLA database.

DVLA database records are used by commercial vehicle check companies to offer a comprehensive individual car check to prospective purchasers.

However, the accuracy of the data held remains a continuing problem. Anyone can request information from the database if they purport to have just cause to need it, for a fee of £2.50.[6]

The database of drivers, developed in the late 1980s, holds details of some 42 million driving licence holders in the UK. It is used to produce driving licences and to assist bodies such as the Driving Standards Agency, police and courts in the enforcement of legislation concerning driving entitlements and road safety.

The DVLA revealed in December 2012 that it had temporarily banned 294 public bodies, including local councils and police forces, for not using their access to the database correctly between 2006 and 2012. A further 38 bodies were banned permanently during the period.[7]

Financial information

Between 2002 and 2015 it is estimated that the DVLA spent £500 million on information technology from IBM.[8]

Employment

Staff of the DVLA are predominantly female whereas other parts of the Department for Transport are predominantly male. Starting salaries are just over £12,500.[9] In November 2007, a Public Accounts Committee report criticised the "amazingly high" levels of sick leave among staff at the DVLA, where employees took an average of three weeks per year of sick leave. The report said that overall sickness leave at the DfT and its seven agencies averaged 10.4 working days per full-time employee in 2005, which they calculated as costing taxpayers £24 million. While sick leave rates at the department itself and four of its agencies were below average—at the DVLA and DSA, which together employ more than 50% of all DfT staff—they were "significantly higher". Committee chairman Edward Leigh said it was surprising the agencies could "function adequately".[10] In 2008 DVLA staff went on a one-day strike over pay inequality arguing that they should receive similar salaries to other employees of the Department for Transport.[9] The most recent level of sickness absence for 2012/13 was 6.7 days.[11]

Controversies

Missing documents

In 2006, 120,000 to 130,000 vehicle registration certificates went missing. A BBC investigation in 2010 found that vehicles worth £13 million had been stolen using the documents in the 18 months preceding the investigation. Around ten cars are found each week to have forged log books and police said it would be decades before they were all recovered.[12]

DVLA letter bombs

On 7 February 2007, a letter bomb was sent to the DVLA in Swansea and injured four people. It is suspected that this is part of a group of letter bombs sent to other organisations that deal with the administration of motoring charges and offences, such as Capita in central London, which was targeted a few days earlier. Miles Cooper, aged 27, a school caretaker, was arrested on 19 February 2007, and charged on 22 February. The DVLA have since installed X-Ray machines in all post opening areas to reduce the effectiveness of any further attacks.

Wrong confidential records on surveys

In December 2007, it was revealed that while sending out surveys to 1,215 drivers, the DVLA sent out confidential details, but to the wrong owners. The error occurred during the sending out of routine surveys, and was not discovered until members of the public contacted the DVLA to notify them of the error.[13]

Lost entitlements

In 2009 BBC's Watchdog reported that entitlements, specifically the entitlement to drive a motorcycle, were being lost from reissued driving licences.[14] In 2005 the same programme highlighted drivers who had lost entitlements to drive heavy goods vehicles in a similar way.

Sale of details

In 2010 it was revealed that the DVLA had sold drivers' details from the database to certain private parking enforcement companies run by individuals with criminal records. The DVLA sells details to companies for £2.50, but it was found that the agency had sold some of these to a business which had been fined weeks before for unfair business practices.[15]

Fines, vehicle seizure and civil penalties

The DVLA uses advertising to warn drivers that if they do not pay their road tax, their cars may be crushed.[16] This is despite the Bill of Rights 1689, Section 12, which states: 'all fines and forfeitures before conviction are illegal and void.'

In the UK, all legal persons have equality before the law. The DVLA therefore stands equal to private citizens, not above them. It is not a court of law. When seeking a civil penalty such as a SORN 'fine', so-called, the DVLA has the right to sue car owners in a civil court. In practice the DVLA illegally usurps this judicial procedure, bypasses the presumption of innocence, and levies a fine of £40, £80 or more, without regard to extenuating circumstances such as illness, documents lost in the post, etc. [17]The SORN scheme, which was never debated in Parliament, is also 'daft, pointless legislation' in which motorists; '...are asked to confirm what the DVLA already know. If their acknowledgment is lost in the post, you might need proof that they've confirmed that you've confirmed what they already know...if the DVLA makes a mistake, (it claims that) (car owners) are responsible, not them.'[18] The clamping of vehicles, explicitly outlawed in Scotland, may in English law constitute the common law offence of 'holding property to ransom'.[19]

According to Peter Oborne the fines levied by the DVLA are grossly disproportionate and do not represent justice, but are part of an unofficial, supplementary tax-gathering system. [20]

Complaints resolution

The DVLA handled 12,775 complaints in the year 2015/16, of which it failed to resolve 14.9% at first contact. Overall complaints for that year were down by 6.5%. The DVLA 'customer service excellence standard' was retained. No details were provided on how this was measured. Customer satisfaction levels varied between 76% to 97% in the four categories surveyed; vehicle registration, driver licence renewal, vehicle taxation, driver medical transactions. No data was provided in respect of complaints about the SORN scheme or other fines levied. [21]

In popular culture

The DVLC in Swansea is regularly referred to in the British political sitcom Yes, Minister. Bernard Woolley is regularly threatened with reassignment there. In the episode "Big Brother", Jim Hacker is scheduled to give an address there.

References

  1. ^ "Julie Lennard was appointed the Chief Executive Officer of DVLA in May 2018". DVLA. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  2. ^ "DVLA local office closure plan announced". DVLA. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  3. ^ "Freedom of Information Request relating to EVL". dft.gov.uk. Department for Transport. Archived from the original on 18 December 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "Post Office wins DVLA contract for car tax supply". BBC News Online. 13 November 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  5. ^ "History of road safety, The Highway Code and the driving test". Driver & Vehicle Standards Agency. Crown. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  6. ^ Oates, John (20 January 2010). "DVLA makes £44m flogging drivers' details". The Register. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
  7. ^ "DVLA bans councils from database over abuses". BBC News Online. 8 December 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  8. ^ "DVLA doubles annual contract spending". Kable. 23 November 2009. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ a b "DVLA strike causes widespread disruption". pcs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010.
  10. ^ DVLA sick leave 'amazingly high' BBC News - 20 November 2007
  11. ^ "DVLA's annual report 2012 to 2013". GOV.UK.
  12. ^ Kemp, Phil (31 January 2010). "Theft of DVLA log books fuels cars scam". BBC Radio 5 live. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
  13. ^ "Drivers sent wrong DVLA details". BBC News. 6 December 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2007.
  14. ^ "DVLA Removing Licence Entitlements". BBC Watchdog. Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  15. ^ "DVLA sells details to convicted criminal". The Telegraph. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  16. ^ http://www.heraldscotland.com/the-credit-crunch-that-ll-be-the-sound-of-crispy-fried-pets-1.831315
  17. ^ The A-Register, 'DVLA off-road system seriously off-message'. 3/5/2010
  18. ^ Rod Ker, 'Petty legislation alienates car owners', Daily Telegraph, 22/3/2010
  19. ^ anon, 'Motorist given £100 fine after car was clamped on own driveway', Daily Telegraph, 12/5/2009
  20. ^ Peter Oborne, The triumph of the Political Class, Simon and Schuster, 2007, chapter four.
  21. ^ DVLA annual report and accounts 2015-2016

External links

Broomhouse

Broomhouse is a district of Edinburgh, Scotland. Although on the lands of Old Saughton, its name is adopted from an estate which was located to the north of the Edinburgh/Glasgow railway line. The earliest recorded versions of the name (c.1600) were variations on Brum(e)hous. It mainly comprises a low-rise council housing estate built between 1947 and 1950. It borders on Parkhead, Sighthill, and Saughton Mains. The Glasgow railway passes to the north but there is no station. The arterial route of Calder Road (A71) passes to the south. There are two schools (one Roman Catholic the other non-denominational), a community centre, two Church congregations (St. Joseph's R.C and St David's Broomhouse C.o.S.) and a counselling centre here. Medical and library facilities are in nearby Sighthill and Corstorphine.

Saughton House is a large Government building, built in the 1950s, fronting on Broomhouse Drive and houses the Scottish Executive, HM Revenue and Customs, Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency, and a number of other government offices.

Parallel to Broomhouse Drive was Scotland's first bus guideway opened in 2004 and was 1.5km of two-lane dedicated guided busway, the longest section of continuous bus guideway in the UK. Subsequently, it has been converted as part of the Edinburgh Trams route with Saughton tram stop at the eastern end of Broomhouse Drive.

Camden London Borough Council

Camden London Borough Council is the local authority for the London Borough of Camden in Greater London, England. It is a London borough council, one of 32 in the United Kingdom capital of London. Camden is divided into 18 wards, each electing three councillors.

Following the 2018 election Camden London Borough Council comprises 43 Labour Party councillors, 7 Conservative Party councillors, 3 Liberal Democrat councillors and one for the Green Party.

The council was created by the London Government Act 1963 and replaced three local authorities: Hampstead Metropolitan Borough Council, Holborn Metropolitan Borough Council and St Pancras Metropolitan Borough Council.

Clase

Clase is a suburban district of the City and County of Swansea, Wales falling within the Mynydd-Bach ward. Clase approximates to the housing area south of Clasemont Road between Morriston and Llangyfelach.

Compulsory Basic Training

In the United Kingdom, the term Compulsory Basic Training (abbreviated to CBT) is a preliminary vehicular training course which must be completed by people wishing to ride a motorcycle or moped unaccompanied on the road, and remains valid for 2 years upon completion. It was introduced in Great Britain on 1 December 1990 as a means of reducing accidents on the road caused by inexperienced drivers by reviewing aspects of riding both on and off the road with a qualified motorcycle instructor registered with an Approved Training Body (ATB). If a full car licence was obtained before 1 February 2001 it is not necessary to complete a CBT course to ride a moped.A CBT allows a rider to ride a moped up to 50 cc with a provisional licence from 16 years of age, and a motorbike up to 125 cc from 17 years of age.Compulsory Basic Training consists of five elements;

Element A - Introduction and eyesight test.

Element B - Learning the controls of the motorcycle.

Element C - Off-road riding.

Element D - Road briefing and safety talk.

Element E - Practical on-road riding.Northern Ireland introduced CBT in 2011. As of 21 February 2011 learner riders in Northern Ireland must complete CBT before being allowed on the road unaccompanied. Those who obtained their provisional motorcycle/moped licence before the implementation of CBT in Northern Ireland had until 21 February 2012 to pass their motorbike test, or else take CBT to continue riding as a learner. Those who passed a car test prior to 21 February 2011 have their full moped entitlement preserved without having to take CBT.

DR10

A DR10 is a United Kingdom motoring endorsement issued by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) and UK Police which means driving or attempting to drive with a blood alcohol level above the allowable limit. Following an arrest for a DR10 one can expect a ban from driving and a fine. In more serious cases, a Community Order, or a prison term of up to 6 months may be issued.

Department for Transport

The Department for Transport (DfT) is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved. The department is run by the Secretary of State for Transport, currently (since 24 July 2019) Grant Shapps.

Driver and Vehicle Agency

The Driver and Vehicle Agency (DVA or DVANI, Irish: An Ghníomhaireacht Tiománaithe agus Feithiclí ) is a government agency of the Northern Ireland Department for Infrastructure. The agency is responsible for setting and enforcing standards for drivers and vehicles, registering drivers, and the issuing of licences.It was created in early 2007 through the merger of the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Northern Ireland (DVLNI) and the Driver and Vehicle Testing Agency (DVTA), and was responsible for vehicle tax and registration in Northern Ireland until 2014, when this role was transferred to the UK-wide Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency. Standards for drivers and vehicles in the rest of the UK are set by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency.

Driving licence in Turkey

Driving license in Turkey (Turkish: Sürücü belgesi) is a document issued by the relevant government agency, regional or local security force, confirming the holder is qualified to drive motor vehicles. Driving licence exams are regulated by the Ministry of National Education (Turkey) while the licence is issued by the General Directorate of Security.

On 1 January 2016, new laws concerning Turkish driving licences were implemented. The changes are intended to bring Turkey more in line with existing EU driving regulations and concern all road users in Turkey. A foreign national can drive in Turkey with an EU licence for six months. After six months, it must be converted to a Turkish licence. Application can be made to any Traffic Registration office, and the foreign driving licences will not be returned to holders. Instead they will be sent to the issuing authority of the country of origin. For example, applications made by British nationals will be sent to the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA). The DVLA says that expats can drive in the UK on a Turkish licence for up to twelve months, and if they wish to settle in the UK, the Turkish licence can be exchanged for a UK licence. In Turkey, you must be at least eighteen years old in order to drive a car and at least seventeen to drive a motorbike. The driving test comprises a practical and theory test, which has been recently made tougher in order to meet European Union regulations.

Driving licence in the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, a driving licence is the official document which authorises its holder to operate motor vehicles on highways and other public roads. It is administered in England, Scotland and Wales by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) and in Northern Ireland by the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA). A driving licence is required in England, Scotland, and Wales for any person driving a vehicle on any highway or other "road", as defined in s.192 Road Traffic Act 1988, irrespective of the ownership of the land over which the road passes. Similar requirements apply in Northern Ireland under the Road Traffic (Northern Ireland) Order 1981.

As long as Great Britain and Northern Ireland remains within the European Union, a UK driving licence is a European driving licence.

As UK nationals do not normally have identity cards, a photographic driving licence can serve many of the purposes of an identity card in non-driving contexts, such as proof of identity (e.g. when opening a bank account) or of age (e.g. when buying age-restricted goods such as alcohol or tobacco).

Lesley Cowley

Lesley Ruth Cowley OBE is a British businesswoman, chairwoman and non-executive director. She is best known as the former CEO of .uk domain name registry Nominet UK, and is the current chair of the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) and Companies House, and Non-Executive Director of telecoms operator aql.

MyCarCheck

My Car Check is a British vehicle history checking company owned by CDL Vehicle Information Services part of the CDL Group of companies.My Car Check works with the police, the National Vehicle Crime Intelligence Service (NAVCIS), the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA), the Association of British Insurers (ABI), the Motor Insurers' Bureau (MIB), the Finance and Leasing Association (FLA), the British Vehicle Rental and Leasing Association (BVRLA) and the National Association of Motor Auctions (NAMA), among others, to confirm if a vehicle has ever been clocked, scrapped, stolen or written-off, is still subject to a finance arrangement, or has had a registration plate or colour change.My Car Check holds data on all types of vehicles registered in the UK, including cars, vans and motorcycles. The data is sourced from organisations including the DVLA, the Police, the Association of British Insurers, plus members of the Finance and Leasing Association and CCTA

It has provided advice on a wide range of consumer motoring issues including used car scams, vehicle crime, motor finance, new legislation, the best times to buy and specific makes and models.

North Bromsgrove High School

North Bromsgrove High School and Sixth Form Centre is located in the centre of Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England.

Reliant Robin

The Reliant Robin is a small three-wheeled car produced by the Reliant Motor Company in Tamworth, England. It was offered in several versions (Mk1, Mk2 and Mk3) over a period of 30 years. It is the second-most popular fibreglass car in history, with Reliant being the second-biggest UK-owned car manufacturer for a time.

SA postcode area

The SA postcode area, also known as the Swansea postcode area, is a group of postcode districts around Aberaeron, Ammanford, Boncath, Burry Port, Cardigan, Carmarthen, Clynderwen, Crymych, Ferryside, Fishguard, Glogue, Goodwick, Haverfordwest, Kidwelly, Kilgetty, Lampeter, Llanarth, Llandeilo, Llandovery, Llandysul, Llanelli, Llanfyrnach, Llangadog, Llangrannog, Llansaint, Llanwrda, Llanybydder, Milford Haven, Narberth, Neath, New Quay, Newcastle Emlyn, Newport, Pembroke, Pembroke Dock, Pencader, Pontardawe, Port Talbot, Saundersfoot, Swansea, Tenby and Whitland in Wales.

Tax revenue

Tax revenue is the income that is gained by governments through taxation. Taxation is the primary source of income for a state. Revenue may be extracted from sources such as individuals, public enterprises, trade, royalties on natural resources and/or foreign aid. An inefficient collection of taxes is greater in countries characterized by poverty, a large agricultural sector and large amounts of foreign aid.Just as there are different types of tax, the form in which tax revenue is collected also differs; furthermore, the agency that collects the tax may not be part of central government, but may be a third party licensed to collect tax which they themselves will use. For example, in the UK, the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) collects vehicle excise duty, which is then passed onto HM Treasury.Tax revenues on purchases come in two forms: "tax" itself is a percentage of the price added to the purchase (such as sales tax in U.S. states, or VAT in the UK), while "duties" are a fixed amount added to the purchase price (e.g., for cigarettes). In order to calculate the total tax raised from these sales, we must work out the effective tax rate multiplied by the quantity supplied.

Vehicle Identity Check

The Vehicle Identity Check (VIC) was a regulation concerning car ownership in the United Kingdom, in force between April 2003 and October 2015.

The VIC was introduced on 7 April 2003, and was created to prevent the illegal practice of vehicle cloning. The scheme was run jointly by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) and the Vehicle and Operator Services Agency (VOSA).

Vehicle register

The Vehicle register in the United Kingdom is a database of motor vehicles. It is a legal requirement in the UK for most types of motor vehicle to be registered if they are to be used on the public road.All new and imported vehicles are required to be entered onto the register which is administered by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) in Great Britain and by Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA) in Northern Ireland.

Registered vehicles are not provided with tax certificates anymore in the United Kingdom.

On the register, along with the vehicle details (make, model, engine capacity, colour, VIN, etc.) are recorded the details of the current keeper of the vehicle (name, address). The current keeper is issued with a registration document known as a V5C, which displays the registration details of the vehicle. Each time any of the registration details change, if the vehicle keeper is changed, or any of the vehicle details are changed, for example, the DVLA/DVLNI has to be notified, and a new document is issued.

A vehicle first registration fee has to be paid to enter a vehicle onto the register for the first time.

Vehicle registration certificate

A vehicle registration certificate is an official

document providing proof of registration of a vehicle. It is used primarily by governments as a means of ensuring that all road vehicles are on the national vehicle register, but is also used as a form of law enforcement and to facilitate change of ownership when buying and selling a vehicle.

Vehicle title

In the United States, the certificate of title for a vehicle (also known as a car title or pink slip) is a legal form, establishing a person or business as the legal owner of a vehicle. Vehicle titles in the U.S. are commonly issued by the Secretary of State in the state the vehicle was purchased by the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV).

Each state in the US has its own distinct process for the Certificate of Title. When filling out the title during a vehicle transaction, the rules in one state do not always apply to a different state. For example, most states do not require a notary when filling out the title, while other states in the U.S.A. make this mandatory for most parties when buying or selling a vehicle.

Some states have different versions of the same title.

The certificate of title normally specifies (in most states & versions):

Identifying information about the vehicle, normally at minimum its vehicle identification number, make, and year of manufacture.

The license plate number.

Technical information about the vehicle to define its taxation regime, e.g., its gross vehicle weight, motive power, and purchase price when new.

The name and address of the purchaser or "registered owner" who would normally possess and use it.

If money is owed on the vehicle, the name of the lienholder or "legal owner" to whom this money is owed.When a vehicle is financed, the certificate of title is normally held by the lender, who must release it to the purchaser once the balance is paid off. In some states, such as New York and Maryland, the transferred title is sent directly to that individual, but the name of the lender or lienholder appears on the title as well. In order to release the lien upon full payment, the lender sends a notarized release or other complementary document to the individual.

When a car is sold from one owner to another, the title must be transferred to the new owner. This is achieved by requesting approval by the state DMV.

When the vehicle title is lost, the owner on record may replace the lost title by completing an application with the state that issued the current title. Online lost title applications are available for several states including Maine, Wisconsin, Virginia, Michigan, New York, Indiana, Maryland, South Carolina, Massachusetts, and Washington DC.

The name "pink slip" is a reference to California certificates of titles before 1988, when they were pink; current California titles have broad vertical stripes of teal, yellow, and pink with a green border; while Illinois titles are blue, pink, and blue with a purple border; Pennsylvania and Nevada titles are blue with a blue border.

Many illegal street races of the 1950s, glorified in movies, featured racing for vehicle titles, henceforth the popularity of the term "racing for pink slips," and the 2005-08 Speed series Pinks was developed from it. Also, in The Price Is Right, the pricing game Gas Money features contestants trying to avoid the actual retail price of the car; that price is marked with a pink slip.

In the United Kingdom, there is not an equivalent of a vehicle title. Instead, there is a document known as the 'vehicle registration document', and is issued by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA). The current version has the reference number V5C. Prior to computerisation, the title document was the 'log book', and this term is sometimes still used to describe the V5C.

The V5 document records who the Registered Keeper of the vehicle is; it does not establish legal ownership of the vehicle. These documents used to be blue on the front. However, they were changed to red in 2010/11 after approximately 2.2 million blank blue V5 documents were stolen, allowing thieves to clone stolen vehicles much more easily.

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