Dragoman Marsh

The Dragoman Marsh is the biggest natural karst wetland in Bulgaria. It is situated only 35 km north-west from Sofia and covers a valley between the limestone hills Tri Ushi and Chepan.

Dragoman Marsh
Dragoman blatoto
LocationBulgaria
Coordinates42°55′54″N 22°57′42″E / 42.93167°N 22.96167°ECoordinates: 42°55′54″N 22°57′42″E / 42.93167°N 22.96167°E
Area14,967 ha (57.79 sq mi)
Official nameDragoman Marsh Karst Complex
Designated2 November 2011
Reference no.1970[1]

Ecology

The marsh is a protected sanctuary for birds. Over 200 species have been recorded in the area. Some of them have a high conservation status. The marsh is also home to more than 140 plant species.[2]

Among the over 200 species of birds, the following species can be seen in the marsh:[3]

The area is often visited by nature lovers and environmentalists, who can use the watchtower and eco-route provided at no cost.

History

For years, the Dragoman Marsh has played an important role in flood control and agriculture in the surrounding areas.[4]

In the 1950s, the Dragoman Marsh was drained to make room for agricultural development. However, drainage activities were halted in the early 1990s and the marsh began to revert to its original state.[5] Currently, threats to the marsh include pollution by untreated wastewater.[6]

The Dragonman Marsh was proclaimed a Ramsar site on February 2, 2012. At 14967 HA, it is the second biggest such site in Bulgaria after Belene Islands.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dragoman Marsh Karst Complex". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ http://visit.guide-bulgaria.com/a/1024/the_dragoman_marsh.htm
  3. ^ http://visit.guide-bulgaria.com/a/1024/the_dragoman_marsh.htm
  4. ^ https://rsis.ramsar.org/ris/1970
  5. ^ http://balkani.org/en/activities/site-conservation/dragoman-swamp-and-mountain-chepan/
  6. ^ https://rsis.ramsar.org/ris/1970
  7. ^ https://rewildingeurope.com/rew-project/dragoman-marsh-karst-complex-restoration-project/
Aldomirovtsi Marsh

The Aldomirovtsi Marsh (Bulgarian: Алдомировско блато) is a karst marsh in western Bulgaria near the town of Slivnitsa. In 1989 the marsh was designated a protected area in order to preserve the natural habitat of rare species of waterfowl and 40 species of higher plants.

Dragoman (disambiguation)

Dragoman was a historical title used by official interpreters in the Ottoman Empire and other Turkish, Arabic, and Persian-speaking polities.

Dragoman may also refer to:

Dragoman, Bulgaria

Dragoman Municipality, Bulgaria

Dragoman Glacier, Antarctica

Dragoman Marsh, the biggest natural karst wetland in Bulgaria

Lucian Yahoo Dragoman, a Romanian child fraudulently claimed to have been named after web portal Yahoo!

Geography of Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a country situated in Southeast Europe, bordering Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The northern border with Romania follows the river Danube until the city of Silistra. The land area of Bulgaria is 110,879 square kilometres (42,811 sq mi), slightly larger than that of Iceland or the U.S. state of Tennessee. Considering its relatively small size, Bulgaria has a great variety of topographical features. Even within small parts of the country, the land may be divided into plains, plateaus, hills, mountains, basins, gorges, and deep river valleys. The geographic center of Bulgaria is located in Uzana.

Bulgaria features notable diversity with the landscape ranging from the snow-capped peaks in Rila, Pirin and the Balkan Mountains to the mild and sunny Black Sea coast; from the typically continental Danubian Plain (ancient Moesia) in the north to the strong Mediterranean climatic influence in the valleys of Macedonia and in the lowlands in the southernmost parts of Thrace. Most of the country is situated within the humid continental climate region, with Alpine climate in the highest mountains and subtropical climate in the southernmost regions.The country has a dense river network but with the notable exception of the river Danube, they are mostly short and with low water flow. The average annual precipitation is 670 mm; the rainfall is lower in the lowlands and higher in the mountains. The driest region is Dobrudzha in the north-eastern part of the Danubian Plain (450 mm), while the highest rainfall has been measured in the upper valley of the river Ogosta in the western Balkan Mountains (2293 mm).Bulgaria has substantial land in agriculture and forest. In 2006 land use and land cover was 5% intensive human use, 52% agriculture including pasture, 31% forest, 11% woodland-shrub, grassland, and non-vegetated, and 1% water.Phytogeographically, Bulgaria straddles the Illyrian and Euxinian provinces of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. The country falls within six terrestrial ecoregions of the Palearctic ecozone: Balkan mixed forests, Rodope montane mixed forests, Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests, Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests, East European forest steppe and Pontic–Caspian steppe.

List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance

This is the List of Wetlands of International Importance as defined by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. As of 2019 there are 2,341 Ramsar Sites, covering 252,479,417 hectares.

The Convention establishes that "wetlands should be selected for the list on account of their international significance in terms of ecology, botany, zoology, limnology or hydrology." Over the years, the Conference of the Contracting Parties has adopted more specific criteria interpreting the Convention text.

The complete list of Wetlands of International Importance is accessible from the Ramsar website.

List of karst areas

Karst topography is a geological formation shaped by the dissolution of a layer or layers of soluble bedrock, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite, but also in gypsum. It has also been documented for weathering-resistant rocks, such as quartzite, given the right conditions. This is an incomplete list of the major karst landscape areas of the world.

List of lakes of Bulgaria

This is an incomplete list of lakes in Bulgaria.

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