Downtown Srinagar

Downtown, popularly known as Shehr-e-Khaas, is the largest and the most densely populated area of the city of Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir. The area is mostly located on the banks of Jhelum river about 5 km from city center.[3] The area is considered as the core point in the city as the first inhabitants of the Srinagar lived there.

The historical buildings and monuments found in the area reflect the design of old times. The residential homes are depicted to be constructed from late-19th century to early-20th century. Many key monuments like Jamia Masjid, Khanqah-e-Moula, Maharaj Gangh and shrines have been built famous rulers of Kashmir.

Downtown (Srinagar)
View of Downtown from Zaina Kadal Bridge
View of Downtown from Zaina Kadal Bridge
Downtown (Srinagar) is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Downtown (Srinagar)
Downtown (Srinagar)
Downtown (Srinagar) is located in India
Downtown (Srinagar)
Downtown (Srinagar)
Downtown (Srinagar) (India)
Coordinates: 34°5′N 74°47′E / 34.083°N 74.783°ECoordinates: 34°5′N 74°47′E / 34.083°N 74.783°E
DistrictSrinagar district
SettledAncient
Elevation
1,585 m (5,200 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Distance from Delhi837.4 kilometres (520.3 mi)[1]
Distance from Mumbai2,192.6 kilometres (1,362.4 mi)[2]

History

The area was settled more than 2000 years ago in 3rd century BC by Raja Pravarsena. The area is the hub of the historical monuments made by the famous rulers of Kashmir.[4] The historical monuments include Jamia Masjid in Nowhatta, Khanqah-e- Moula in Zana Kadal Aali Masjid in Eidgah, Maharaj Ganj tomb in Maharaj Ganj, Pathar (stone) Masjid in Nawabazar, and Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jeelani's shrine in Khanyar. Moreover, the Roza Bal shrine is also situated in the area.

Geography

The area is located at 34°05′00″N 74°47′00″E / 34.0833°N 74.7833°E at an elevation of 1585 meters above mean sea level in Srinagar.

Demographics

Kashmiri is the main language of the area. People also use Urdu and English as secondary languages. It is estimated that the downtown has the population of half a million which is about 47% of the total population of Srinagar district.[5]

Flood

In September 2014 the state of Jammu and Kashmir was hit by floods caused by torrential rainfall. The area of Downtown was least affected as compared to the rest of Srinagar, though close to the river, the people from other parts of Srinagar shifted to downtown for safety. Commercial buildings and residential homes and Government offices were shattered to nothing in the adjoining areas. People lost their lives and properties and the whole area was set on the economic back-foot. Schools, hospitals and other places of significant importance were damaged by the floods.[6]

Education

There are number of school and colleges in downtown Srinagar, including Islamia College of Science and Commerce, Women's College and Gandhi Memorial College.

Sub divisions

The areas which comprising Downtown Srinagar include:-

S.No Name Popularity
1 Nowhatta High
2 Rajouri Kadal High
3 Gojwara High
4 Kawdara Medium
5 Saraf Kadal Medium
6 Bohri Kadal High
7 Nawa Kadal High
8 Naid Kadal Medium
9 Safa Kadal High
10 Khanyar High
11 Sekidafar High
12 Aali Kadal Medium
13 Habba Kadal High
14 Fateh Kadal High
15 Kani Kadal Medium
16 Kadi Kadal Medium
17 Dumbe Kadal Low
18 Shah Kadal Low
19 Nawa Bazaar High
20 Maharaj Gunj High
21 Zaina Kadal High
22 Khanqah e mohalla High
23 Gratabal Low
24 Tarabal Low
25 Braripora Medium
26 Bul bul lanker Low
27 Narparistan Low
28 Khawaja Bazar Medium
29 Rainawari High
30 Baba Demb Low
31 Zaldagar Low
32 Malaratta Medium
33 Kalashpur Low
34 Narwara Medium
35 Ganderpora Low
36 Eidgah High
37 Noor bagh High
38 Zanidar Mohalla Low
39 Hawal High
40 Jamalatta Low

See also

References

  1. ^ "distance from New Delhi". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  2. ^ "distance from Mumbai". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Location of Downtown". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  4. ^ "greater kashmir .com". Archived from the original on 7 December 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  5. ^ "times of india". Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  6. ^ "hindustantimes.com". Archived from the original on 7 December 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
1993 Lal Chowk fire

The 1993 Lal Chowk fire (literally Red Square) refers to the arson attack on the main commercial center of downtown Srinagar, Kashmir, that took place on 10 April 1993. The fire is alleged by government officials to have been started by a crowd incited by militants, while civilians and police officials interviewed by Human Rights Watch and other organisations allege that the Indian Border Security Forces (BSF) set fire to the locality in retaliation for the burning of an abandoned BSF building by local residents. Over 125 civilians were killed in the conflagration and the ensuing shooting by BSF troops.

2016–17 Kashmir unrest

The 2016–17 unrest in Kashmir, also known as the Burhan aftermath, refers to a series of violent protests in the Kashmir Valley of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It started with the killing of Burhan Wani, a commander of the Kashmir-based Islamic militant organisation Hizbul Mujahideen, by Indian security forces on 8 July 2016. After his killing, anti-Indian protests started in all 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. Protesters defied curfew with attacks on security forces and public properties.Curfew was imposed in all 10 districts of the valley on 15 July and mobile services were suspended by the government. Kashmir valley remained under 53 days of consecutive curfew which was lifted from all areas on 31 August, however was reimposed in some areas the next day. Jammu and Kashmir Police and Indian paramilitary forces used pellet guns, tear gas shells, rubber bullets, as well as assault rifles, resulting in the deaths of more than 90 civilians, with over 15,000 civilians injured and as the result of pellet guns, many people also were blinded. Two security personnel also died while over 4,000 personnel were injured in the riots.Some columnists including Prem Shankar Jha have termed the unrest as Kashmir's Intifada.

Dina Nath Walli

Dina Nath Walli (Dinanath Walli), also known by his pen name Almast Kashmiri (1908–2006), was a renowned water colour artist and poet from Srinagar city in Kashmir valley. He was the part of the modern art movement in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and was known for painting everyday scenes of Kashmir.He lived in Badyar Bala area of Srinagar, which has been home to many Kashmiri Pandit artists including S.N. Bhat and Mohan Raina.

Government College for Women, Nawakadal Srinagar

Government College for Women, Nawakadal Srinagar (Urdu; گورنمنٹ کالج خواتین نوا کدل سرینگر) commonly known as Women's college Nawakadal, Nowkadal College is a University Grants Commission recognized 2B and 12f college located in Old City Downtown Srinagar. It was established in 1961.The college is affiliated with the University of Kashmir. It is the only Women Institution in Kashmir Valley offering Commerce & management Courses.

It has been awarded grade "A" by the NAAC.

Hamza Makhdoom

Hamza Makhdoom Kashmiri, popularly known as Makhdoom Sahib (c. 1494 – c. 1576), was a Sufi mystic, scholar and spiritual teacher living in Kashmir. He is sometimes referred to as Mehboob-ul-Alam (literally, "loved by all") and Sultan-ul-Arifeen (literally, "king of those who know God").

Hari Parbat

Hari Parbat is a hill overlooking Srinagar, the largest city and summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is the site of a fort, built in the Durrani era, and of a Hindu temple, mosques, and gurdwara.

Hashim Qureshi

Hashim Qureshi (born October 1, 1953 in Lal Bazar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir) is a pro-independence Kashmiri separatist leader and one of the founding members of Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) and is now the Chairman of Jammu Kashmir Democratic Liberation Party (JKDLP), one of the main separatist Kashmiri political organisations which strives to find a political solution to the Kashmir issue through peaceful and political activities.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is an intermontane valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Kashmiri cuisine

Kashmiri cuisine is the cuisine of the Kashmir Valley region of India. Rice is the staple food of Kashmiris and has been so since ancient times. Meat, along with rice, is the most popular food item in Kashmir. Kashmiris consume meat voraciously. Despite being Brahmin, most Kashmiri Hindus are meat eaters.

Khanyar

Khanyar is a locality in downtown Srinagar of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It lies about 4 kilometers north from Lal Chowk. Khanyar is known for the shrines of Dastgeer Sahib which holds the relic of Abdul Qadir Gilani and Roza Bal, tomb of Yuz Asaf.

Lal Chowk

Lal Chowk is a city square (literally Red Square) in Srinagar in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. Lal Chowk was named so by Left-wing activists inspired by the Russian Revolution as they fought Maharaja Hari Singh. It is a traditional place for political meetings with Jawaharlal Nehru, Jammu & kashmir first Prime Minister, Sheikh Abdullah, Kashmir's first premier and various other Kashmiri leaders having addressed people from it.

List of terrorist incidents in May 2018

This is a list of some of the terrorist, alleged terrorist or suspected terrorist incidents which took place in May 2018, including incidents by violent non-state actors for political, religious, or ideological motives.

Munawar Abad

Munawar Abad (pronounced as munaav var aa baad; اردو = منور اباد), locally known as Muniwar (Munawarabad), is a town located in heart of Srinagar (KMR). It is 2 km from Lal Chowk. Munawar Abad is the main link between downtown Srinagar and central Srinagar.

Nowshera, Srinagar

Nowshera is the notified area in the municipal committee of Srinagar, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of the oldest resedential places in Srinagar founded by Zain-ul-Abidin. It is located about 9.9 km towards North from the commercial center of Kashmir.

Roza Bal

The Roza Bal or Rouza Bal or Rozabal is a shrine located in the Khanyar quarter in downtown area of Srinagar in Kashmir, India. The word roza means tomb, the word bal mean place. Locals believe a sage is buried here, Yuzasaf or Yuz Asaf (or Youza Asouph), alongside another Muslim holy man, Mir Sayyid Naseeruddin.

The shrine was relatively unknown until the founder of the Ahmadiyya movement, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, claimed in 1899 that it is actually the tomb of Jesus. This view is maintained by Ahmadis today, though it is rejected by the local Sunni caretakers of the shrine, one of whom said "the theory that Jesus is buried anywhere on the face of the earth is blasphemous to Islam."

Srinagar

Srinagar ( (listen)) is the largest city and the summer capital of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It lies in the Kashmir Valley on the banks of the Jhelum River, a tributary of the Indus, and Dal and Anchar lakes. The city is known for its natural environment, gardens, waterfronts and houseboats. It is also known for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dried fruits. It is the northernmost city of India with over 1 million people.

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