Dover is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 6,279 in 2016, with 2,008 households and 4,296 registered voters.
Located about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of downtown Boston, Dover is a residential town nestled on the south banks of the Charles River. Almost all of the residential zoning requires 1-acre (4,000 m2) or larger. As recently as the early 1960s, 75% of its annual town budget was allocated to snow removal, as only a mile and a half of the town's roads are state highway.
Dover is bordered by: Natick, Wellesley and Needham to the North, Westwood to the East, Walpole and Medfield to the South, Sherborn to the West.
Dover is also home to the Dover Demon, a creature reportedly sighted on April 21 and April 22, 1977.
The Dover Church
Town of Friendship
Dover is one of the smallest towns in Norfolk county.
|• Type||Open town meeting|
|• Total||15.4 sq mi (39.9 km2)|
|• Land||15.3 sq mi (39.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||150 ft (46 m)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern)|
|Area code(s)||508 / 774|
|GNIS feature ID||0618319|
The first recorded settlement of Dover was in 1640. It was later established as the Springfield Parish of Dedham in 1748, and incorporated as District Dedham in 1784. Dover was officially incorporated as a town in 1836.
The Benjamin Caryl House at 107 Dedham St. dates from about 1777 and was home to Dover's first minister, Benjamin Caryl, his son George, who was the town's first doctor, and their descendants until 1897. It has been owned by the town and operated by the Historical Society since 1920. The house retains its architectural integrity and has been carefully restored to reflect life in the 1790s when the first two Caryl families lived and worked there together.
The Sawin Building has been a home for thousands of Dover relics, books, photographs and artifacts since the beginning of the 20th century. Benjamin and Eudora Sawin willed land and funds into the Dover Historical Society along with their old household goods so that the building could be erected, and it was dedicated on May 14, 1907, by members and friends of the Dover Historical Society. In the early years it was used for meetings and to house Dover's historical memorabilia, but eventually members became disenchanted with the Society and the building was seldom opened. In the 1960s there was a renewed interest in the Historical Society which led to the general overhaul and refurbishing of the building. The Sawin Museum, located at the corner of Centre and Dedham Streets in Dover Center, is owned and operated by the Dover Historical Society and is open to the public free of charge.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.4 square miles (39.9 km2), of which, 15.3 square miles (39.7 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2) of it (0.52%) is water. It is bordered by the towns of Natick, Wellesley, Needham, Dedham, Westwood, Sherborn, Walpole, and Medfield.
|* = population estimate. |
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,558 people, 1,849 households, and 1,567 families residing in the town. The population density was 362.6 people per square mile (140.0/km2). There were 1,884 housing units at an average density of 122.9 per square mile (47.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.18% White, 0.41% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American (2 people), 3.63% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population (approximately 105 people).
There were 1,849 households out of which 46.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.0% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.2% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the town, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $141,818, and the median income for a family was $157,168. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $56,473 for females. The per capita income for the town was $64,899. About 2.3% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
Dover is one of the few communities in metro Boston to have more registered Republicans than Democrats. In 2012, Mitt Romney, a Republican, defeated Barack Obama, a Democrat, in the general election 56% to 43% in Dover. In 2016, however, the town flipped with Democrat Hillary Clinton defeating Republican Donald Trump 57% to 32%.
Consistently over the last decade, Dover's public schools are considered among the best in Massachusetts. According to research conducted by Boston Magazine in the years 2013, 2014 and 2015, the town's schools scored No. 1 in the State. Dover has three public schools—Chickering Elementary School (grades K-5), Dover-Sherborn Middle School (grades 6-8), and Dover-Sherborn High School (grades 9-12). The private, independent Charles River School (Pre-K-grade 8) is located in the town's center.
Located near Caryl Park and the entrance to Noanet Woodlands (also known as Miss Peabody's Woods), Chickering School is under the elected Dover School Committee, while the two secondary schools are the responsibility of the regional school system, under the elected Dover-Sherborn Regional School Committee, with costs and governance shared with the neighboring town of Sherborn. The Regional schools share a campus on Farm Street in Dover, near the borders with Sherborn and Medfield.
Dover Sherborn High School has impressive results with regards to graduation rates, college admission rates and standardized and Advanced Placement exam scores. DSHS was ranked 3rd in Cost Efficiency and 7th in Academic Performance by Boston Magazine. U.S. News & World Report named Dover-Sherborn High School a Gold Medal School, ranking them 65th in the nation.
Dover used to have two elementary schools, Chickering for grades K to 3, and Caryl Elementary School for grades 4 to 8. In 1970, Caryl School was gutted by fire. It was rebuilt and remained open until finally being closed in 2001 after the expansion of Chickering.
The town is known for the sighting of a humanoid since the 1970s on Farm Street, which gives access to it. According to information, all were 6 unrelated sightings so far. The creature that according to the reports would have a large and long head, epidermis without fur beyond feet and long hands that fix on the surface, came to be baptized Dover Demon, by one of the cryptozoologists who investigated the case. Although some believe due to the format being a alien, to others it is no more than an animal like a primate, for example. The legend is still known, but new reports, at least notorious are unknown.
Adam Granofsky (born February 15, 1979), better known under his stage name Adam Granduciel, is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter and record producer. He is the frontman and primary songwriter of the indie rock band The War on Drugs, with whom he has recorded four studio albums, and a former member of Kurt Vile's backing band The Violators.Carl J. Gilbert
Carl Joyce Gilbert (1906 in Bloomfield, New Jersey – November 13, 1983 in Boston, Massachusetts) was the United States Trade Representative from 1969 to 1971. Gilbert had previously been president and chairman of the board of the Gillette Safety Razor Co. He had "joined Gillette as treasurer in 1948 and served as vice president and president before also becoming board chairman", and lead Gillette "from a domestic operation to one with worldwide branches -- making the name Gillette synonymous in many areas with razors". In 1961, he headed the Committee for a National Trade Policy, opposing import quotas and other barriers to the free exchange of goods, and "led efforts to liberalize reciprocal trade agreements".After his nomination to the Trade Representative post by President Richard Nixon in 1969, the Senate, concerned by Gilbert's earlier stance on trade, deliberated for two months before confirming his appointment.At the time of his death, Gilbert was president of the Association of Independent Colleges and Universities in Massachusetts.Charles W. Smith
Charles W. Smith (April 5, 1850 – July 1916) was treasurer of Norfolk County, Massachusetts. He also served as Town Clerk and Selectman in Dover, Massachusetts. He was appointed to the treasurer post following the death of Chauncey C. Churchill and was succeeded by Henry D. Humphrey in 1907. On November 14, 1876, he married Mary H. Humphrey and together they had six children.Chase Woodlands
Chase Woodlands is a nature reserve located in Dover, Massachusetts. The property was acquired by The Trustees of Reservations in 1993. The reservation includes 2.5 miles of trails and is located across Farm Street from the Peters Reservation.Dover Demon
The Dover Demon is a creature reportedly sighted in the town of Dover, Massachusetts on April 21 and April 22, 1977.Elm Bank Horticulture Center
The Gardens at Elm Bank, home of Massachusetts Horticultural Society, occupies 36 acres (15 ha) of Elm Bank Reservation, a 175-acre (71 ha) recreational area of woodlands, fields, and former estate property on the Charles River managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. The estate's entrance is located at 900 Washington Street (Route 16), Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States, with the major portion of the grounds located in the neighboring town of Dover. In 1987, the entire site was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Elm Bank.Francis Sargent
Francis Williams Sargent (July 29, 1915 – October 22, 1998) was an American politician who served as the 64th Governor of Massachusetts from 1969 to 1975.George O'Day
George O'Day (May 19, 1923 – July 26, 1987) was an American sailor, Olympic champion and world champion, and boat designer. He was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, and died in Dover, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard University in 1945.Huntington D. Lambert
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Jeffrey W. Harrison (b. Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American poet. His most recent poetry collection is The Names of Things: New & Selected Poems (The Wayweiser Press, 2006). His poems have appeared in literary journals and magazines including The New Republic, The New Yorker, The Paris Review, Poetry, The Yale Review, Poets of the New Century. His honors include Pushcart Prizes, Guggenheim, National Endowment for the Arts, and Amy Lowell Traveling fellowships. He has taught at George Washington University, Phillips Academy, and College of the Holy Cross. He is currently on the faculty of the Stonecoast MFA Program at the University of Southern Maine. He lives in Dover, Massachusetts.John Smith (American football)
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She appeared on the Disney Channel show "Disney 365" giving a tour of the Mary Poppins set.
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Florian has a background in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Muay Thai. He is known for his cerebral approach to the sport based on his meticulous game plans. Florian is recognized for his tendency to finish his opponents, having earned stoppages in twelve of his fourteen career victories. He is also one of only two fighters in history to compete in four different weight classes in the UFC: Middleweight, Welterweight, Lightweight and Featherweight, the other being Diego Sanchez.
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Leverett A. Saltonstall (September 1, 1892 – June 17, 1979) was an American lawyer and politician from Massachusetts. He served three two-year terms as the 55th Governor of Massachusetts, and for more than twenty years as a United States Senator (1945–1967). Saltonstall was internationalist in foreign policy and moderate on domestic policy, serving as a well-liked mediating force in the Republican Party. He was the only member of the Republican Senate leadership to vote for the censure of Joseph McCarthy.Mark Hollingsworth
Mark Hollingsworth Jr. (born 1954) was elected the 11th and current bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Ohio on November 15, 2003, and consecrated on April 17, 2004, in Cleveland.Matthew A. Reynolds
Matthew A. Reynolds served as the United States' Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs from October 6, 2008 to January 20, 2009, serving under the 66th Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. Prior to this appointment he served as the bureau's Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary and intermittently as Acting Assistant Secretary beginning in March 2005.
Mr. Reynolds served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Senate Affairs from September 2004 to March 2005. He joined the State Department in May 2003 as the Director of House Affairs. In this position, he received the Department's Superior Honor Award for Service. Prior to coming to the State Department, Mr. Reynolds spent 17 years in numerous senior positions in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. He served as Staff Director of the powerful House Rules Committee, guiding legislation on the House Floor, and as professional staff on the House International Relations Committee and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
In addition to congressional committee assignments, Mr. Reynolds has also served as Chief of Staff to U.S. Representative Jay Kim (R-CA) and Legislative Director to U.S. Representative Robert J. Lagomarsino (R-CA). He began his congressional career with Congressman Lagomarsino in 1986.
After leaving the Department of State, Reynolds assumed leadership of the newly established Washington, DC Representative Office of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East.
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Municipalities and communities of Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States