Double (baseball)

In baseball, a double is the act of a batter striking the pitched ball and safely reaching second base without being called out by the umpire, without the benefit of a fielder's misplay (see error) or another runner being put out on a fielder's choice. A double is a type of hit (the others being the single, triple and home run) and is sometimes called a "two-bagger" or "two-base hit".[1] For statistical and scorekeeping purposes it is denoted by 2B.[2][3]

Description

Typically, a double is a well-hit ball into the outfield that either finds the "gap" between the center fielder and one of the corner outfielders, bounces off the outfield wall and down into the field of play, or is hit up one of the two foul lines. To hit many doubles, one must have decent hitting skill and power; it also helps to run well enough to beat an outfield throw.

Doubles typically drive in runs from third base, second base, and even from first base at times. When total bases and slugging percentages are calculated, the number two is used for the calculation.

A two-base hit awarded by an umpire when a batted ball is hit fairly and bounces out of play is referred to as a ground rule double. The batter is awarded second base and any runners advance two bases from the base they occupied at the time of the pitch. Prior to 1931, such hits were considered home runs. A two-base hit awarded because the batter hit into a special situation defined in the ground rules is also defined as a ground rule double. An example of this occurs where the rules of Chicago's Wrigley Field award a ground rule double if a batted ball is lost in the vines on the outfield bleacher wall. The rules of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis awarded a ground rule double if the ball became stuck in its Teflon ceiling. This happened only once in major league baseballDave Kingman hit a ball into the ceiling during a 1984 game.

Renowned doubles hitters occasionally acquire a nickname that relates to their doubles hitting, for example "Mitchy Two Bags" (Mitch Moreland) and "Tony Two Bags" (Anthony Rendon).[4]

Major League Baseball records

Career

The all-time leader in doubles is Tris Speaker, with 792. The following players are the top 10 major league doubles hitters of all-time:[5]

  1. Tris Speaker – 792
  2. Pete Rose – 746
  3. Stan Musial – 725
  4. Ty Cobb – 724
  5. Craig Biggio – 668
  6. George Brett – 665
  7. Nap Lajoie – 657
  8. Carl Yastrzemski – 646
  9. Honus Wagner – 640
  10. Albert Pujols – 636

Derek Jeter has the most career doubles (32) in postseason history.[6]

Season

Only five players in major league history have reached 50 or more doubles in a season at least three times: Tris Speaker (1912, 1920–21, 1923, 1926), Paul Waner (1928, 1932, 1936), Stan Musial (1944, 1946, 1953), Brian Roberts (2004, 2008–09) and Albert Pujols (2003–04, 2012).

Individual season leaders:

Hank Greenberg 1937 cropped
Hank Greenberg, Hall of Famer and 2-time MVP
  1. Earl Webb (1931) – 67
  2. George Burns (1926) – 64
  3. Joe Medwick (1936) – 64
  4. Hank Greenberg (1934) – 63
  5. Paul Waner (1932) – 62
  6. Charles Gehringer (1936) – 60

Three players have hit eight doubles in a single postseason: Albert Pujols and David Freese (both 2011) and Ben Zobrist (2015).[7]

Game

The most doubles hit by a player in a major league game is four. This has been achieved more than 40 times, most recently on August 26, 2018, by Matt Carpenter for the St. Louis Cardinals against the Colorado Rockies.[8] Only two players—Billy Werber and Albert Belle—have achieved the feat twice.[8] Johnny Damon and Shannon Stewart are the only players to have hit four doubles in interleague play, doing so in separate games on July 18, 2000.[9] The St. Louis Cardinals have recorded the most doubles by a team in one game: they hit 13 doubles in a 17–13 win over the Chicago Cubs on July 12, 1931 in the second game of a doubleheader.[10]

Frank Isbell of the Chicago White Sox hit four doubles in Game 5 of the 1906 World Series, the only time this has been achieved in the postseason.[11] Freddy Sanchez was the first player to hit three doubles in his first three World Series plate appearances, doing so in Game 1 of the 2010 World Series.[12] Later in the game, Sanchez reached second base on a base hit that was initially scored as a double, which would have tied Isbell's World Series and postseason records; the play was later amended to a single and an error, however.[12] The sole player to have twice hit three doubles in a postseason game is Albert Pujols, both times in the 2011 postseason.[11] The most doubles hit in a postseason game by both teams combined is 13, by the New York Yankees and Boston Red Sox in Game 3 of the 2004 ALCS.[13] There have been 13 postseason games that ended with a walk-off double; the most recent was hit by Carlos Correa of the Houston Astros in Game 2 of the 2017 ALCS.[14] The 1924 and 1929 World Series were both won via a game-ending RBI double.[15][16]

Nine players have hit two doubles in an All-Star Game, most recently Jonathan Lucroy in the 2014 edition.[17]

Pitching

Among MLB pitchers, Earl Whitehill of the Washington Senators has given up the most doubles in a game. The Detroit Tigers hit 10 doubles against him on July 10, 1935.[18] Robin Roberts holds the single-season record for doubles conceded (70 in 1953),[19] while the career record of 820 doubles allowed belongs to Jamie Moyer.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Double (2B)". MLB.com. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  2. ^ "Anthony Rendon". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  3. ^ McMahon, Rob, ed. (2009). USA Today Baseball Scorebook. Sterling Innovation. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-4027-6245-1.
  4. ^ "Baseball Player Nicknames". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  5. ^ "MLB Sortable Player Stats". MLB.com. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  6. ^ "Postseason Batting Event Finder: From 1903 to 1917, All Teams, Doubles". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  7. ^ "All-time and Single-Season Postseason Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Batting Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, (requiring 2B>=4), sorted by most recent date". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  9. ^ "Batting Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, in Inter-league play, (requiring 2B>=4), sorted by most recent date". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  10. ^ "Team Batting Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, (requiring 2B>=11), sorted by greatest 2B". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  11. ^ a b "Batting Game Finder: In the Postseason, From 1903 to 2017, (requiring 2B>=3), sorted by greatest 2B". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  12. ^ a b Bogovich, Rich. "Freddy Sanchez". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  13. ^ "Postseason Batting Event Finder: From 1903 to 2017, All Teams, Doubles, ALCS, Game 3, at Fenway Park". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  14. ^ "Postseason Batting Event Finder: From 1903 to 1917, All Teams, Doubles, Walk-off". Baseball Reference. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  15. ^ "1924 World Series Game 2, Giants at Senators, October 5". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  16. ^ "1929 World Series Game 5, Cubs at Athletics, October 14". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  17. ^ "Batting Game Finder: In the All-Star Game, From 1933 to 2018, (requiring 2B>=2), sorted by greatest 2B". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  18. ^ "Pitching Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, (requiring 2B>=8), sorted by greatest 2B". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  19. ^ "Pitching Season & Career Finder: For Single Seasons, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring 2B>=65), Stats only available back to 1908 and some partially complete., sorted by greatest Doubles". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  20. ^ "Pitching Season & Career Finder: Spanning Multiple Seasons or entire Careers, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring 2B>=750), Stats only available back to 1908 and some partially complete., sorted by greatest Doubles". Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 28, 2018.

External links

1946 Claxton Shield

The 1946 Claxton Shield was the seventh annual Claxton Shield, an Australian national baseball tournament—the first time the tournament was held after a seven-year break due to World War II. It was held at Petersham Oval and Marrickville Oval in Sydney from 3 to 10 August, and was won by the hosts New South Wales for the fourth time in a row. With this tournament win, they overtook South Australia as the outright leading state in Claxton Shield tournament wins.The other participating teams were Victoria and hosts South Australia. The two newest teams to the tournament—Western Australia and Queensland—did not participate. However both did host an interstate series: Western Australia hosted a South Australian team, and Queensland hosted New South Wales after the Sydney season.

1993 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1993 throughout the world.

2B

,

2B or 2-B may refer to:

2B (band), a Portuguese band

2B (rapper), rapper Collin Brown

2B (film), a 2009 science fiction film

2B lead, a grading of pencil hardness

Aerocondor, IATA airline code 2B

Alpha-2B adrenergic receptor, a type of protein structure

Haute-Corse, French department 2B (northern Corsica)

Second baseman, a fielding position in baseballDouble (baseball), a type of base hit

Stalag II-B, a prisoner of war camp in Germany

Transcription factor II B, a type of protein structure

Type IIb diamond, a classification of natural diamonds

Type IIB string theory, a physical theory about the basic substance of the universe

II-b or IIb, a subtype of Type II supernova

YorHa No. 2 Type B, the main protagonist from Nier: Automata also known as 2B for short

Alex Kampouris

Alexis William Kampouris (November 13, 1912 – May 29, 1993), is a former professional baseball player who played in the Major Leagues primarily as a second baseman from 1934 to 1939 and 1941 to 1943.

Double

Double may refer to:

Look-alike, a person who closely resembles another person

Body double, someone who substitutes for the credited actor of a character

Doppelgänger, ghostly double of a living person

Polish Enigma doubles, replicating the function of Nazi Germany's cipher machines

Double, a bet which combines two selections; see Glossary of bets offered by UK bookmakers#Double

Double, a former fraction of the Guernsey pound

Double, a former rank of a liturgical feast in the Roman Rite

Double-flowered form of plants

Doubles

Doubles may refer to:

Doubles (food), a Trinidadian sandwich

Badminton#Doubles, a match with two players a side

Double (baseball), a two-base hit

Doubles (tennis), a match with two players a side

Doubles (bells), a ringing method rung on five church bells

A type of semi-trailer truck

Doubles (2000 film), a 2000 Tamil-language film

Doubles (2011 film), a 2011 Malayalam-language film

Gene Kimball

Eugene Boynton Kimball (August 31, 1850 – August 2, 1882) was an American professional baseball player for the Cleveland Forest Citys during the 1871 season.

He was the original slap hitter, posting a .008 ISO in 1871. He only had one extra-base hit, a double.

Ground rules

In baseball, ground rules are special rules particular to each baseball park (grounds) in which the game is played. Unlike the well-defined playing field of most other sports, the playing area of a baseball field extends to an outfield fence in fair territory and the stadium seating in foul territory. The unique design of each ballpark, including fences, dugouts, bullpens, railings, stadium domes, photographer's wells and TV camera booths, requires that rules be defined to handle situations in which these objects may interact or interfere with the ball in play or with the players.

Major League Baseball has defined a set of "universal ground rules" that apply to all MLB ballparks; individual ballparks have the latitude to set ground rules above and beyond the universal ground rules, as long as they do not directly contradict each other. Additionally, a set of universal ground rules exists for the six MLB stadiums with retractable roofs, with the individual ballparks able to set additional rules.

The term ground rule double is often applied to a batted ball that bounces fair, then over the outfield fence in fair or foul territory, although some commentators and writers shun the term because league-wide rules, not ground rules, apply in this case.

Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome

The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome (commonly called the Metrodome) was a domed sports stadium located in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota. It opened in 1982 as a replacement for Metropolitan Stadium, the former home of the National Football League's (NFL) Minnesota Vikings and Major League Baseball's (MLB) Minnesota Twins, and Memorial Stadium, the former home of the Minnesota Golden Gophers football team.

The Metrodome was the home of the Vikings from 1982 to 2013, the Twins from 1982 to 2009, the National Basketball Association's (NBA) Minnesota Timberwolves in their 1989–90 inaugural season, the Golden Gophers football team until 2008 and the Golden Gophers baseball team from 2004 to 2012. It was also the home of the Minnesota Strikers of the North American Soccer League in 1984. On January 18, 2014, the Metrodome roof was deflated, signaling the beginning of demolition work. The Vikings played at the University of Minnesota's TCF Bank Stadium for the 2014 and 2015 NFL seasons, ahead of the planned opening of U.S. Bank Stadium in 2016.

The stadium had a fiberglass fabric roof that was self-supported by air pressure and was the third major sports facility to have this feature (the first two being the Pontiac Silverdome and the Carrier Dome). The Metrodome was similar in design to the former RCA Dome and to BC Place, though BC Place was reconfigured with a retractable roof in 2010. The Metrodome was reputedly the inspiration for the Tokyo Dome in Tokyo, Japan. The stadium was the only facility to have hosted a Super Bowl (1992), World Series (1987, 1991), MLB All-Star Game (1985) and NCAA Division I Basketball Final Four (1992, 2001).

The Metrodome had several nicknames such as "The Dome", "The Thunderdome", and "The Homer Dome." Preparation for the demolition of the Metrodome began the day after the facility hosted the final home game for the Minnesota Vikings on December 29, 2013, with actual demolition beginning on January 18, 2014. The Metrodome was torn down in sections while construction of U.S. Bank Stadium began.

Johnny Lindell

John Harlan Lindell (August 30, 1916 – August 27, 1985) was an American professional baseball player who was an outfielder and pitcher in Major League Baseball from 1941 to 1950 and from 1953 to 1954 for the New York Yankees, St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies and Pittsburgh Pirates. Lindell stood 6 feet 4 inches (1.93 m) tall and weighed 217 pounds (98 kg); he threw and batted right-handed.

Yoni Lasso

Yoni Javier Lasso (born November 22, 1984 in Panama City, Panama) is a former minor league baseball infielder. He played for Panama in the 2006 World Baseball Classic.

During his minor league baseball career, Lasso played in the Cincinnati Reds organization. In 2005, he played for the GCL Reds and Billings Mustangs, hitting .233 in 23 games for the former and only .095 in nine games for the latter. Overall, he hit .202 in 32 minor league games in 2005.

He spent 2006 with three teams - the Mustangs, the Dayton Dragons and the Sarasota Reds. With the Mustangs, he hit .167 in seven games. In five games with the Dragons, he hit .100 and in seven games for the Reds, he hit .067 in seven games. Overall, he hit .108 in 19 games. The 2006 season was his final minor league season - he hit .176 in 51 minor league games in his minor league career.Lasso appeared in three games in the 2006 World Baseball Classic, collecting one hit in seven at-bats for a .143 batting average. His lone hit was a double.

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