Doris Day

Doris Day (born Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff; April 3, 1922) is an American actress, singer, and animal welfare activist. After she began her career as a big band singer in 1939, her popularity increased with her first hit recording "Sentimental Journey" (1945). After leaving Les Brown & His Band of Renown to embark on a solo career, she recorded more than 650 songs from 1947 to 1967, which made her one of the most popular and acclaimed singers of the 20th century.

Day's film career began during the latter part of the Classical Hollywood Film era with the 1948 film Romance on the High Seas, and its success sparked her twenty-year career as a motion picture actress. She starred in a series of successful films, including musicals, comedies, and dramas. She played the title role in Calamity Jane (1953), and starred in Alfred Hitchcock's The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) with James Stewart. Her most successful films were the bedroom comedies she made co-starring Rock Hudson and James Garner, such as Pillow Talk (1959) and Move Over, Darling (1963), respectively. She also co-starred in films with such leading men as Clark Gable, Cary Grant, David Niven, and Rod Taylor. After her final film in 1968, she went on to star in the CBS sitcom The Doris Day Show (1968–1973).

She was usually one of the top ten singers between 1951 and 1966. As an actress, she became the biggest female film star in the early 1960s, and ranked sixth among the box office performers by 2012.[2][3][4] In 2011, she released her 29th studio album, My Heart, which became a UK Top 10 album featuring new material. Among her awards, Day has received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and a Legend Award from the Society of Singers. In 1960, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress,[5] and in 1989 was given the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures. In 2004, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush followed in 2011 by the Los Angeles Film Critics Association's Career Achievement Award.

Doris Day
Doris Day - 1957
Doris Day in 1957
Born
Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff[1]

April 3, 1922 (age 96)
OccupationActress, singer, animal rights activist
Years active1939–present
Spouse(s)
Al Jorden
(m. 1941; div. 1943)

George Weidler
(m. 1946; div. 1949)

Martin Melcher
(m. 1951; died 1968)

Barry Comden
(m. 1976; div. 1981)
ChildrenTerry Melcher
Websitedorisday.com

Early life

Doris Mary Ann Kappelhoff was born on April 3, 1922, in Cincinnati, Ohio,[6] the daughter of Alma Sophia (née Welz; 1895–1976), a housewife, and William Joseph Kappelhoff (1892–1967), a music teacher and choir master.[7][8] All of her grandparents were German immigrants.[9] For most of her life, Day reportedly believed she had been born in 1924 and reported her age accordingly; it was not until her 95th birthday—when the Associated Press found her birth certificate, showing a 1922 date of birth—that she learned otherwise.[6]

The youngest of three siblings, she had two older brothers: Richard (who died before her birth) and Paul, two to three years older.[10] Due to her father's alleged infidelity, her parents separated.[4][11] She developed an early interest in dance, and in the mid-1930s formed a dance duo with Jerry Doherty that performed locally in Cincinnati.[12] A car accident on October 13, 1937, injured her right leg and curtailed her prospects as a professional dancer.[13][14]

Career

Early career (1938–1947)

Doris Day, Aquarium, gottlieb.01841
Day at the Aquarium Jazz Club, New York (1946)

While recovering from an auto accident, Day started to sing along with the radio and discovered a talent she did not know she had. Day said: "During this long, boring period, I used to while away a lot of time listening to the radio, sometimes singing along with the likes of Benny Goodman, Duke Ellington, Tommy Dorsey, and Glenn Miller [...]. But the one radio voice I listened to above others belonged to Ella Fitzgerald. There was a quality to her voice that fascinated me, and I'd sing along with her, trying to catch the subtle ways she shaded her voice, the casual yet clean way she sang the words."[15]

Observing her daughter sing rekindled Alma's interest in show business, and she decided to give Doris singing lessons. She engaged a teacher, Grace Raine.[16] After three lessons, Raine told Alma that young Doris had "tremendous potential"; Raine was so impressed that she gave Doris three lessons a week for the price of one. Years later, Day said that Raine had the biggest effect on her singing style and career.[15]

During the eight months she was taking singing lessons, Day had her first professional jobs as a vocalist, on the WLW radio program Carlin's Carnival, and in a local restaurant, Charlie Yee's Shanghai Inn.[17] During her radio performances, Day first caught the attention of Barney Rapp, who was looking for a girl vocalist and asked if Day would like to audition for the job. According to Rapp, he had auditioned about 200 singers when Day got the job.[18]

While working for Rapp in 1939, she adopted the stage surname "Day", at Rapp's suggestion.[19] Rapp felt that "Kappelhoff" was too long for marquees, and he admired her rendition of the song "Day After Day".[20] After working with Rapp, Day worked with bandleaders Jimmy James,[21] Bob Crosby,[22] and Les Brown.[23]

While working with Brown, Day scored her first hit recording, "Sentimental Journey", released in early 1945. It soon became an anthem of the desire of World War II demobilizing troops to return home.[24][25] This song is still associated with Day, and she rerecorded it on several occasions, including a version in her 1971 television special.[26] During 1945–46, Day (as vocalist with the Les Brown Band) had six other top ten hits on the Billboard chart: "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time", "'Tain't Me", "Till The End of Time", "You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart)", "The Whole World is Singing My Song", and "I Got the Sun in the Mornin'".[27] In the 1950s she became the most popular and one of the highest paid singers in America.[28]

Early film career (1948–1954)

Starlift DorisDay and GordonMacRae
Day with Gordon MacRae in Starlift (1951)

While singing with the Les Brown band and for nearly two years on Bob Hope's weekly radio program,[14] she toured extensively across the United States. Her popularity as a radio performer and vocalist, which included a second hit record "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time", led directly to a career in films. In 1941, Day appeared as a singer in three Soundies with the Les Brown band.[29]

Her performance of the song "Embraceable You" impressed songwriter Jule Styne and his partner, Sammy Cahn, and they recommended her for a role in Romance on the High Seas (1948). Day got the part after auditioning for director Michael Curtiz.[30][31] She was shocked at being offered the role in that film, and admitted to Curtiz that she was a singer without acting experience. But he said he liked that "she was honest," not afraid to admit it, and he wanted someone who "looked like the All-American Girl," which he felt she did. She was the discovery he was most proud of during his career.[32]

The film provided her with a #2 hit recording as a soloist, "It's Magic", which followed by two months her first #1 hit ("Love Somebody" in 1948) recorded as a duet with Buddy Clark.[33] Day recorded "Someone Like You", before the 1949 film My Dream Is Yours, which featured the song.[34]

In 1950, U.S. servicemen in Korea voted her their favorite star. She continued to make minor and frequently nostalgic period musicals such as On Moonlight Bay, By the Light of the Silvery Moon, and Tea For Two for Warner Brothers.

Calamity Jane trailer
Day with Howard Keel in Calamity Jane (1953)

Her most commercially successful film for Warner was I'll See You in My Dreams (1951), which broke box-office records of 20 years. The film is a musical biography of lyricist Gus Kahn. It was Day's fourth film directed by Curtiz.

In 1953, Day appeared as the title character in the comedic western-themed musical, Calamity Jane.[35] A song from the film, "Secret Love", won the Academy Award for Best Original Song and became Day's fourth No. 1 hit single in the US.[36]

Between 1950 and 1953, the albums from six of her movie musicals charted in the Top 10, three of them at No. 1. After filming Lucky Me with Bob Cummings and Young at Heart (both 1954) with Frank Sinatra, Day chose not to renew her contract with Warner Brothers.[37]

During this period, Day also had her own radio program, The Doris Day Show. It was broadcast on CBS in 1952–1953.[38]

Breakthrough (1955–1958)

Doris Day in Love Me or Leave Me trailer
Day in the trailer for Love Me or Leave Me (1955)

Having become primarily recognized as a musical-comedy actress, Day gradually took on more dramatic roles to broaden her range. Her dramatic star-turn as singer Ruth Etting in Love Me or Leave Me (1955), co-starring James Cagney, received critical and commercial success, becoming Day's biggest hit thus far.[39] Day said it was her best film performance. Producer Joe Pasternak said, "I was stunned that Doris did not get an Oscar nomination."[40] The soundtrack album from that movie was a No. 1 hit.[41][42]

Day starred in Alfred Hitchcock's suspense film, The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) with James Stewart. She sang two songs in the film, "Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)", which won an Academy Award for Best Original Song,[43] and "We'll Love Again". The film was Day's 10th movie to be in the Top 10 at the box office. In 1956, Day played the title role in the thriller/noir Julie with Louis Jourdan.[44]

After three successive dramatic films, Day returned to her musical/comedic roots in 1957's The Pajama Game with John Raitt. The film was based on the Broadway play of the same name.[45] She worked with Paramount Pictures for the comedy Teacher's Pet (1958), alongside Clark Gable and Gig Young.[46] She co-starred with Richard Widmark and Gig Young in the romantic comedy film, The Tunnel of Love (1958),[47] but found scant success opposite Jack Lemmon in It Happened to Jane (1959).

Billboard's annual nationwide poll of disc jockeys had ranked Day as the No. 1 female vocalist nine times in ten years (1949 through 1958), but her success and popularity as a singer was now being overshadowed by her box-office appeal.[48]

Box-office success (1959–1968)

DorisDay-midnightlace
Day in a publicity portrait for Midnight Lace (1960)

In 1959, Day entered her most successful phase as a film actress with a series of romantic comedies.[49][50] This success began with Pillow Talk (1959), co-starring Rock Hudson, who became a lifelong friend, and Tony Randall. Day received a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actress.[51] Day, Hudson, and Randall made two more films together, Lover Come Back (1961) and Send Me No Flowers (1964).[52]

In 1960, she starred with David Niven and Janis Paige in the hit Please Don't Eat the Daisies. In 1962, Day appeared with Cary Grant in the comedy That Touch of Mink, the first film in history ever to gross $1 million in one theatre (Radio City Music Hall). During 1960 and the 1962 to 1964 period, she ranked number one at the box office, the second woman to be number one four times. She set a record that has yet to be equaled, receiving seven consecutive Laurel Awards as the top female box office star.[53]

Day teamed up with James Garner, starting with The Thrill of It All, followed by Move Over, Darling (both 1963).[54] The film's theme song, "Move Over Darling", co-written by her son, reached #8 in the UK.[55] In between these comedic roles, Day co-starred with Rex Harrison in the movie thriller Midnight Lace (1960), an updating of the classic stage thriller, Gaslight.[56]

By the late 1960s, the sexual revolution of the baby boomer generation had refocused public attitudes about sex. Times changed, but Day's films did not. Day's next film, Do Not Disturb (1965), was popular with audiences, but her popularity soon waned. Critics and comics dubbed Day "The World's Oldest Virgin",[57][58] and audiences began to shy away from her films. As a result, she slipped from the list of top box-office stars, last appearing in the top ten in 1966 with the hit film The Glass Bottom Boat. One of the roles she turned down was that of "Mrs. Robinson" in The Graduate, a role that eventually went to Anne Bancroft.[59] In her published memoirs, Day said she had rejected the part on moral grounds: she found the script "vulgar and offensive".[60]

She starred in the western film The Ballad of Josie (1967). That same year, Day recorded The Love Album, although it was not released until 1994.[61] The following year (1968), she starred in the comedy film Where Were You When the Lights Went Out? which centers on the Northeast blackout of November 9, 1965. Her final feature, the comedy With Six You Get Eggroll, was released in 1968.[62]

From 1959 to 1970, Day received nine Laurel Award nominations (and won four times) for best female performance in eight comedies and one drama. From 1959 through 1969, she received six Golden Globe nominations for best female performance in three comedies, one drama (Midnight Lace), one musical (Jumbo), and her television series.[63]

Bankruptcy and television career

Doris Day on television show set
on the set of The Doris Day Show

When her third husband Martin Melcher died on April 20, 1968, a shocked Day discovered that Melcher and his business partner Jerome Bernard Rosenthal had squandered her earnings, leaving her deeply in debt.[64] Rosenthal had been her attorney since 1949, when he represented her in her uncontested divorce action against her second husband, saxophonist George W. Weidler. Day filed suit against Rosenthal in February 1969, won a successful decision in 1974, but did not receive compensation until a settlement in 1979.[65]

Day also learned to her displeasure that Melcher had committed her to a television series, which became The Doris Day Show.

"It was awful", Day told OK! Magazine in 1996. "I was really, really not very well when Marty [Melcher] passed away, and the thought of going into TV was overpowering. But he'd signed me up for a series. And then my son Terry [Melcher] took me walking in Beverly Hills and explained that it wasn't nearly the end of it. I had also been signed up for a bunch of TV specials, all without anyone ever asking me."

Day hated the idea of performing on television, but felt obliged to it.[62] The first episode of The Doris Day Show aired on September 24, 1968,[66] and, from 1968 to 1973, employed "Que Sera, Sera" as its theme song. Day persevered (she needed the work to help pay off her debts), but only after CBS ceded creative control to her and her son. The successful show enjoyed a five-year run,[67] and functioned as a curtain raiser for the popular Carol Burnett Show. It is remembered today for its abrupt season-to-season changes in casting and premise.[68]

Doris Day John Denver 1975
Day with John Denver on the TV special Doris Day Today
(CBS, February 19, 1975)[69]

By the end of its run in 1973, public tastes had changed and her firmly established persona was regarded as passé. She largely retired from acting after The Doris Day Show, but did complete two television specials, The Doris Mary Anne Kappelhoff Special (1971) and Doris Day to Day (1975). She appeared in a John Denver TV special in 1974.[61]

In the 1985–86 season, Day hosted her own television talk show, Doris Day's Best Friends, on CBN.[67][70] The network canceled the show after 26 episodes, despite the worldwide publicity it received. Much of that came from her interview with Rock Hudson, in which a visibly ill Hudson was showing the first public symptoms of AIDS; Hudson would die from the syndrome a year later.[71]

1980s and 1990s

In October 1985, the California Supreme Court rejected Rosenthal's appeal of the multimillion-dollar judgment against him for legal malpractice, and upheld conclusions of a trial court and a Court of Appeal that Rosenthal acted improperly. In April 1986, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to review the lower court's judgment. In June 1987, Rosenthal filed a $30 million lawsuit against lawyers he claimed cheated him out of millions of dollars in real estate investments. He named Day as a co-defendant, describing her as an "unwilling, involuntary plaintiff whose consent cannot be obtained". Rosenthal claimed that millions of dollars Day lost were in real estate sold after Melcher died in 1968, in which Rosenthal asserted that the attorneys gave Day bad advice, telling her to sell, at a loss, three hotels, in Palo Alto, California, Dallas, Texas and Atlanta, Georgia and some oil leases in Kentucky and Ohio.

Rosenthal claimed he had made the investments under a long-term plan, and did not intend to sell them until they appreciated in value. Two of the hotels sold in 1970 for about $7 million, and their estimated worth in 1986 was $50 million. In July 1984, after a hearing panel of the State Bar Court, after 80 days of testimony and consideration of documentary evidence, the panel accused Rosenthal of 13 separate acts of misconduct and urged his disbarment in a 34-page unsigned opinion.[72] The State Bar Court's review department upheld the panel's findings, which asked the justices to order Rosenthal's disbarment. He continued representing clients in federal courts until the U.S. Supreme Court ruled against him on March 21, 1988. Disbarment by the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals followed on August 19, 1988. The Supreme Court of California, in affirming the disbarment, held that Rosenthal had engaged in transactions involving undisclosed conflicts of interest, took positions adverse to his former clients, overstated expenses, double-billed for legal fees, failed to return client files, failed to provide access to records, failed to give adequate legal advice, failed to provide clients with an opportunity to obtain independent counsel, filed fraudulent claims, gave false testimony, engaged in conduct designed to harass his clients, delayed court proceedings, obstructed justice and abused legal process. Rosenthal died August 15, 2007, at the age of 96.[73]

Terry Melcher stated that his adoptive father's premature death saved Day from financial ruin. It remains unresolved whether Martin Melcher had himself also been duped.[74] Day stated publicly that she believed her husband innocent of any deliberate wrongdoing, stating that he "simply trusted the wrong person".[75] According to Day's autobiography, as told to A.E. Hotchner, the usually athletic and healthy Martin Melcher had an enlarged heart. Most of the interviews on the subject given to Hotchner (and included in Day's autobiography) paint an unflattering portrait of Melcher. Author David Kaufman asserts that one of Day's costars, actor Louis Jourdan, maintained that Day herself disliked her husband,[76] but Day's public statements regarding Melcher appear to contradict that assertion.[77]

Day was scheduled to present, along with Patrick Swayze and Marvin Hamlisch, the Best Original Score Oscar at the 61st Academy Awards in March 1989 but she suffered a deep leg cut and was unable to attend.[78] She had been walking through the gardens of her hotel when she cut her leg on a sprinkler. The cut required stitches.[79]

Day was inducted into the Ohio Women's Hall of Fame in 1981 and received the Cecil B. DeMille Award for career achievement in 1989.[80] In 1994, Day's Greatest Hits album became another entry into the British charts.[61] The song "Perhaps, Perhaps, Perhaps" was included in the soundtrack of the Australian film Strictly Ballroom[81] and was the theme song for the British TV show Coupling, with Mari Wilson performing the song for the title sequence.[82]

2000s

Day has participated in interviews and celebrations of her birthday with an annual Doris Day music marathon.[83] In July 2008, she appeared on the Southern California radio show of longtime friend, newscaster George Putnam.[84]

Day turned down a tribute offer from the American Film Institute and from the Kennedy Center Honors because they require attendance in person. In 2004, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush for her achievements in the entertainment industry and for her work on behalf of animals.[85] President Bush stated:

In the years since, she has kept her fans and shown the breadth of her talent in television and the movies. She starred on screen with leading men from Jimmy Stewart to Ronald Reagan, from Rock Hudson to James Garner. It was a good day for America when Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff of Evanston, Ohio decided to become an entertainer. It was a good day for our fellow creatures when she gave her good heart to the cause of animal welfare. Doris Day is one of the greats, and America will always love its sweetheart.[85]

Columnist Liz Smith and film critic Rex Reed mounted vigorous campaigns to gather support for an Honorary Academy Award for Day to herald her film career and her status as the top female box-office star of all time.[86] Day received a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement in Music in 2008, albeit again in absentia.[87]

She received three Grammy Hall of Fame Awards, in 1998, 1999 and 2012 for her recordings of "Sentimental Journey", "Secret Love", and "Que Sera, Sera", respectively.[88] Day was inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame in 2007,[89] and in 2010 received the first Legend Award ever presented by the Society of Singers.[61]

2010s

Day, aged 89, released My Heart in the United Kingdom on September 5, 2011, her first new album in nearly two decades, since the release of The Love Album, which, although recorded in 1967, was not released until 1994.[90] The album is a compilation of previously unreleased recordings produced by Day's son, Terry Melcher, before his death in 2004. Tracks include the 1970s Joe Cocker hit "You Are So Beautiful", The Beach Boys' "Disney Girls" and jazz standards such as "My Buddy", which Day originally sang in her 1951 film I'll See You in My Dreams.[91][92]

After the disc was released in the US it soon climbed to No. 12 on Amazon's bestseller list, and helped raise funds for the Doris Day Animal League.[93] Day became the oldest artist to score a UK Top 10 with an album featuring new material.[94]

In January 2012, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association presented Day with a Lifetime Achievement Award.[95][96]

In April 2014, Day made an unexpected public appearance to attend the annual Doris Day Animal Foundation benefit. The benefit raises money for her Animal Foundation.[97]

Clint Eastwood offered Day a role in a film he was planning to direct in 2015.[98] Although she reportedly was in talks with Eastwood, her neighbour in Carmel, about a role in the film, she eventually declined.[99]

Day granted an ABC telephone interview on her birthday in 2016, which was accompanied by photos of her life and career.[100]

Personal life

Since her retirement from films, Day has lived in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California. She has many pets and adopts stray animals.[101]

Day is a lifelong Republican,[102] and supported George W. Bush's presidential campaign in 2000. Her only child, music producer and songwriter Terry Melcher, who had a hit in the 1960s with "Hey Little Cobra" under the name The Rip Chords, died of melanoma in November 2004.[103] Day owns a hotel in Carmel-by-the-Sea, the Cypress Inn, which she co-owned with her son.[104]

Marriages

Portrait of George William Weidler, 1947 or 1948 (LOC) (5476590594) (cropped)
Day's second husband, saxophonist George William Weidler (m. 1946–49)

Day has been married four times.[105] She was married to Al Jorden, a trombonist whom she first met in Barney Rapp's Band, from March 1941 to February 1943.[106] Her only child, son Terrence Paul Jorden (later known as Terry Melcher), resulted from this marriage; he died in 2004. Her second marriage was to George William Weidler, a saxophonist and the brother of actress Virginia Weidler, from March 30, 1946, to May 31, 1949.[106] Weidler and Day met again several years later; during a brief reconciliation, he helped introduce her to Christian Science.

On April 3, 1951, her 29th birthday, she married Martin Melcher. This marriage lasted until Melcher's death in April 1968.[106] Melcher adopted Day's son Terry, who, with the name Terry Melcher, became a successful musician and record producer.[107] Martin Melcher produced many of Day's movies. She and Melcher were both practicing Christian Scientists, resulting in her not seeing a doctor for some time after symptoms that suggested cancer. This distressing period ended when, finally consulting a physician, and thereby finding the lump was benign, she fully recovered.

Day's fourth marriage, from April 14, 1976, until April 2, 1982, was to Barry Comden (1935–2009).[108] Comden was the maître d'hôtel at one of Day's favorite restaurants. Knowing of her great love of dogs, Comden endeared himself to Day by giving her a bag of meat scraps and bones on her way out of the restaurant. When this marriage unraveled, Comden complained that Day cared more for her "animal friends" than she did for him.[108]

Animal welfare activism

Day's interest in animal welfare and related issues apparently dates to her teen years. While recovering from an automobile accident, she took her dog Tiny for a walk without a leash. Tiny ran into the street and was killed by a passing car. Day later expressed guilt and loneliness about Tiny's untimely death. In 1971, she co-founded Actors and Others for Animals, and appeared in a series of newspaper advertisements denouncing the wearing of fur, alongside Mary Tyler Moore, Angie Dickinson, and Jayne Meadows.[109] Day's friend, Cleveland Amory, wrote about these events in Man Kind? Our Incredible War on Wildlife (1974).

In 1978, Day founded the Doris Day Pet Foundation, now the Doris Day Animal Foundation (DDAF).[110] A non-profit 501(c)(3) grant-giving public charity, DDAF funds other non-profit causes throughout the US that share DDAF's mission of helping animals and the people who love them. The DDAF continues to operate independently under Day's personal supervision.[111]

To complement the Doris Day Animal Foundation, Day formed the Doris Day Animal League (DDAL) in 1987, a national non-profit citizen's lobbying organization whose mission is to reduce pain and suffering and protect animals through legislative initiatives.[112] Day actively lobbied the United States Congress in support of legislation designed to safeguard animal welfare on a number of occasions and in 1995 she originated the annual Spay Day USA.[113] The DDAL merged into The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) in 2006.[114] The HSUS now manages World Spay Day, the annual one-day spay/neuter event that Day originated.[115]

A facility to help abused and neglected horses opened in 2011 and bears her name—the Doris Day Horse Rescue and Adoption Center, located in Murchison, Texas, on the grounds of an animal sanctuary started by her late friend, author Cleveland Amory.[116] Day contributed $250,000 towards the founding of the center.[117]

Discography

Studio albums

References

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  2. ^ "Top Ten Money Making Stars". Quigley Publishing Company. QP Media, Inc. Archived from the original on January 14, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2013.
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  5. ^ Doris Day awards and nominations, Dorisday.com
  6. ^ a b Elber, Lynn (April 2, 2017). "Birthday surprise for ageless Doris Day: She's actually 95". Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 4, 2017. Retrieved April 2, 2017. A copy of Day's birth certificate, obtained by The Associated Press from Ohio's Office of Vital Statistics, settles the issue: Doris Mary Kappelhoff, her pre-fame name, was born on April 3, 1922, making her 96. Her parents were Alma and William Kappelhoff of Cincinnati.
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Bibliography

  • Barothy, Mary Anne (2007), Day at a Time: An Indiana Girl's Sentimental Journey to Doris Day's Hollywood and Beyond. Hawthorne Publishing
  • Braun, Eric (2004), Doris Day (2 ed.), London: Orion Books, ISBN 978-0-7528-1715-6
  • Bret, David (2008), Doris Day: Reluctant Star. JR Books, London
  • Brogan, Paul E. (2011), Was That a Name I Dropped?, Aberdeen Bay; ISBN 1608300501, 978-1608300501
  • DeVita, Michael J. (2012). My 'Secret Love' Affair with Doris Day (Paperback). CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1478153580.
  • Hotchner, AE (1975), Doris Day: Her Own Story, William Morrow & Co, ISBN 978-0-688-02968-5.
  • Kaufman, David (2008), Doris Day: The Untold Story of the Girl Next Door, New York: Virgin Books, ISBN 978-1-905264-30-8
  • McGee, Garry (2005), Doris Day: Sentimental Journey, McFarland & Co
  • Patrick, Pierre; McGee, Garry (2006), Que Sera, Sera: The Magic of Doris Day Through Television, Bear Manor
  • Patrick, Pierre; McGee, Garry (2009), The Doris Day Companion: A Beautiful Day (One on One with Doris and Friends). BearManor Media
  • Santopietro, Thomas "Tom" (2007), Considering Doris Day, New York: Thomas Dunn Books, ISBN 978-0-312-36263-8

External links

Again (1949 song)

"Again" is a popular song with music by Lionel Newman and words by Dorcas Cochran. It first appeared in the movie Road House (1948), sung by Ida Lupino An instrumental rendition was used in the movie Pickup on South Street (1953). By 1949, versions by Vic Damone, Doris Day, Tommy Dorsey, Gordon Jenkins, Vera Lynn, Art Mooney, and Mel Tormé all made the Billboard charts.

Annie Get Your Gun (Doris Day and Robert Goulet album)

Annie Get Your Gun was an album, released on February 11, 1963 by Columbia Records, starring Doris Day and Robert Goulet. It consisted of songs from the musical of the same name. The LP was issued on the Columbia Masterworks label in both mono and stereo (catalog numbers OL-5960 and OS-2360 respectively). The album has been reissued on CD by DRG (catalog number 19112).

The album was one of a number of albums produced by Columbia using a format similar to an original cast album of a musical play, but starring vocalists under contract to the company. Other albums in the same series included a John Raitt/Barbara Cook album of Show Boat (released 1962), a John Raitt/Florence Henderson/Phyllis Newman album of Oklahoma! (released 1964), and a Barbara Cook/Theodore Bikel album of The King and I (also released 1964). In this case, Doris Day and Robert Goulet were both major Columbia stars, and this was probably the most important album in this series.

At the time, Day was at the peak of her movie career and could not spare the time to go to the East Coast, where most of the production of this album took place. So she recorded her tracks at Columbia Records' Los Angeles studios and the tapes were sent to New York City, where orchestral arrangements were written by Philip J. Lang to fit Day's singing, a procedure rather contrary to normal practice. Goulet and the other singers, in turn, had to fit their keys and tempos to Lang's orchestral arrangements.

Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered

"Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered" is a show tune and popular song from the 1940 Rodgers and Hart musical Pal Joey. It is part of the Great American Songbook. The song was introduced by Vivienne Segal on December 25, 1940, in the Broadway production during Act I, Scene 6, and again in Act II, Scene 4, as a reprise. Segal also sang the song on both the 1950 hit record and in the 1952 Broadway revival. It was performed by Carol Bruce in the 1954 London production.

Cheek to Cheek

"Cheek to Cheek" is a song written by Irving Berlin in 1935, for the Fred Astaire/Ginger Rogers movie Top Hat (1935). In the movie, Astaire sings the song to Rogers as they dance. The song was nominated for the Best Song Oscar for 1936, which it lost to "Lullaby of Broadway". The song spent five weeks at #1 on Your Hit Parade and was named the #1 song of 1935. Astaire's 1935 recording with the Leo Reisman Orchestra was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2000. In 2004, Astaire's version finished at No. 15 on AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of top tunes in American cinema.

Doris Day Animal League

The Doris Day Animal League is an animal advocacy group based in Washington D.C. It established the annual observance Spay Day USA in 1994, which the group uses to bring attention to the pet overpopulation problem in the United States. On September 1, 2006, the organization merged with the Humane Society of the United States.

Doris Day filmography

The filmography of American actress Doris Day consists of 39 feature films released between 1948 and 1968. She began her career as a band singer and eventually won the female lead in a Warner Bros. film Romance on the High Seas (1948) replacing Betty Hutton. She went on to star in several minor musicals for Warners, including Tea for Two (1950), Lullaby of Broadway (1951), April in Paris (1952), By the Light of the Silvery Moon (1953), and a hit musical, Calamity Jane, which gave her an Academy Award-winning song, "Secret Love" (1953). She ended her contract with Warners after filming Young at Heart (1954) with Frank Sinatra.

Day then campaigned for more dramatic parts. Her portrayal of singer Ruth Etting in Love Me or Leave Me (1955) with James Cagney, was well received by critics and was a box office hit. However, her follow-up films, Alfred Hitchcock's remake of The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), Andrew L. Stone's Julie (1956), and George Abbott and Stanley Donen's film version of The Pajama Game (1957) were less successful among the critics and the public alike.

Day's star attained greater heights with the success of Pillow Talk in 1959, alongside Rock Hudson and Tony Randall. She, Hudson, and Randall were later teamed for Lover Come Back (1961) and Send Me No Flowers (1964). In 1960, Day ranked #1 at the box office. She reached #1 at the box office again in 1962 and stayed there until 1964. Day went on to star in several other romantic comedies, including That Touch of Mink (1962) with Cary Grant, The Thrill of It All, and Move Over, Darling (both 1963), both with James Garner. After the failure of Do Not Disturb in 1965 and being labeled "The World's Oldest Virgin", Day's film career began to decline. She last ranked as a top ten box office star in 1966 with the hit film The Glass Bottom Boat. Her final films Caprice, The Ballad of Josie (both 1967), Where Were You When the Lights Went Out?, and her final film With Six You Get Eggroll (both 1968) were critical flops, but achieved reasonable success at the box office.

When her film career ended, Day turned to television with her situation comedy The Doris Day Show (1968–1973), which ran for five seasons and 128 episodes, and made several other television appearances throughout the 1970s and 1980s. Due to her love of animals, Day launched another TV series, Doris Day's Best Friends (1985–1986), which ran for 26 episodes. She was an honoree at The 50th Annual Grammy Awards in 2008 and was last seen in archive footage in a 2009 documentary What a Difference a Day Made: Doris Day Superstar.

Everybody Loves a Lover

"Everybody Loves a Lover" is a popular song which was a hit single for Doris Day in 1958. Its lyricist, Richard Adler, and its composer, Robert Allen, were both best known for collaborations with other partners. The music Allen composed, aside from this song, was usually for collaborations with Al Stillman, and Adler wrote the lyrics after the 1955 death of his usual composing partner, Jerry Ross.

High Hopes (Frank Sinatra song)

"High Hopes" is a popular song first popularized by Frank Sinatra, with music written by James Van Heusen and lyrics by Sammy Cahn. It was introduced by Sinatra and child actor Eddie Hodges in the 1959 film A Hole in the Head, nominated for a Grammy and won an Oscar for Best Original Song at the 32nd Academy Awards.

It's Magic

"It's Magic" is a popular song written by Jule Styne, with lyrics by Sammy Cahn. The song was introduced by Doris Day in her film debut, Romance on the High Seas (known in the United Kingdom as It's Magic after the song), and was published in 1947. Versions which made the Billboard magazine charts in 1948 were recorded by Doris Day, Tony Martin, Dick Haymes, Gordon MacRae, and Sarah Vaughan. It was nominated for a Best Song Oscar in 1948, losing to "Buttons and Bows."

In 1952, Doris Day made the song the theme of The Doris Day Show, her Hollywood radio series.

Just One of Those Things (song)

"Just One of Those Things" is a popular song written by Cole Porter for the 1935 musical Jubilee.

Porter had written the score for Jubilee while on an extended sea cruise in the early part of 1935: however, in September 1935 while he was visiting a friend's farm in Ohio with Jubilee's librettist Moss Hart, the latter mentioned that the play's second act required an additional song, and Porter had "Just One of Those Things" completed by the following morning (he had previously used the title for a song intended for but not featured in the 1930 musical The New Yorkers—apart from the title the two songs are distinct). Porter's original lyric lacked an adjective for the line "a trip to the moon on gossamer wings": "gossamer" would be suggested by his friend, Ed Tauch.A recording by Richard Himber reached the charts of the day in 1935 and Peggy Lee's stylized arrangement of the song was a No. 14 hit in the Billboard charts in 1952.

Pillow Talk (film)

Pillow Talk is a 1959 Oscar-winning Eastmancolor romantic comedy film in CinemaScope directed by Michael Gordon. It features Rock Hudson, Doris Day, Tony Randall, Thelma Ritter and Nick Adams. The film was written by Russell Rouse, Maurice Richlin, Stanley Shapiro and Clarence Greene.

It tells the story of Jan Morrow (Day), an interior decorator and Brad Allen (Hudson), a womanizing composer/bachelor, who share a telephone party line. When she unsuccessfully files a complaint on him for constantly using the line to woo his conquests, Brad decides to take a chance on Jan by masquerading as a Texas rancher, resulting in the two falling in love. The scheme seems to work until Brad's mutual friend and Jan's client Jonathan Forbes (Randall) finds out about this, causing a love triangle in the process.

According to a “Rambling Reporter” (August 28, 1959) item in The Hollywood Reporter, RKO originally bought the script by Russell Rouse and Clarence Greene in 1942, but since it was not produced, the writers bought it back in 1945. In 1947, they sold it as a play, but bought it back once again four years later, finally selling it in 1958 to Arwin Productions, the company owned by Doris Day’s husband, Martin Melcher. Although the film was originally titled Pillow Talk, according to a February 2, 1959 “Rambling Reporter” item in The Hollywood Reporter, the title “displeased” the PCA, and was changed to Any Way the Wind Blows. In August 1959, however, the original title was reinstated.

The film won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, and was nominated for Best Actress in a Leading Role (Doris Day), Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Thelma Ritter), Best Art Direction-Set Decoration, Color (Richard H. Riedel, Russell A. Gausman, Ruby R. Levitt) and Best Music, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture.This is the first of three romantic comedies in which Day, Hudson and Randall starred together, the other two being Lover Come Back (1961) and Send Me No Flowers (1964).

Upon its release, Pillow Talk brought in a then staggering domestic box-office gross of $18,750,000 and gave Rock Hudson's career a comeback after the failure of A Farewell to Arms earlier that year.

On July 14, 1980, Jack Martin reported on Pillow Talk as "biggest hit of 1959".

In 2009, it was entered into the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant and preserved.

Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)

"Que Será, Será (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)", first published in 1956, is a popular song written by the songwriting team of Jay Livingston and Ray Evans. The song was introduced in the Alfred Hitchcock film The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), starring Doris Day and James Stewart in the lead roles.Day's recording of the song for Columbia Records (catalog number 40704) made it to number two on the Billboard Hot 100 and number one in the UK Singles Chart. From 1968 to 1973, it was the theme song for the sitcom The Doris Day Show, becoming her signature song. The four verses of the song progress through the life of the narrator—from childhood, through young adulthood and falling in love, to parenthood—and each asks "What will I be?" or "What lies ahead?" The chorus repeats the answer: "What will be, will be." It reached the Billboard magazine charts in July 1956. The song in The Man Who Knew Too Much received the 1956 Academy Award for Best Original Song with the alternative title "Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Será, Será)". It was the third Oscar in this category for Livingston and Evans, who previously won in 1948 and 1950. In 2004 it finished at #48 in AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of top tunes in American cinema.

The title sequence of the Hitchcock film gives the song title as "Whatever Will Be". It was a #1 hit in Australia for pop singer Normie Rowe in September 1965.

Romance on the High Seas

Romance on the High Seas, known in the United Kingdom as It's Magic, is a 1948 American Technicolor musical romantic comedy film directed by Michael Curtiz, and starred Jack Carson, Janis Paige, Don DeFore and Doris Day in her film debut. The film was nominated for two Academy Awards, for Original Song for "It's Magic" (music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Sammy Cahn), and Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture (Ray Heindorf).

Secret Love (Doris Day song)

"Secret Love" is a song composed by Sammy Fain (music) and Paul Francis Webster (lyrics) for Calamity Jane, a 1953 musical film in which it was introduced by Doris Day in the title role. Ranked as a number 1 hit for Day on both the Billboard and Cash Box, the song also afforded Day a number 1 hit in the UK. "Secret Love" has subsequently been recorded by a wide range of artists, becoming a C&W hit firstly for Slim Whitman and later for Freddy Fender, with the song also becoming an R&B hit for Billy Stewart, whose version also reached the Top 40 as did Freddy Fender's. In the U.K., "Secret Love" would become the career record of Kathy Kirby via her 1963 remake of the song. The melody bears a slight resemblance to the opening theme of Schubert's A-major piano sonata, D.664.

Terry Melcher

Terrence Paul Melcher (born Terrence Paul Jorden, February 8, 1942 – November 19, 2004) was an American musician and record producer who was instrumental in shaping the 1960s California Sound and folk rock movements, particularly during the nascent counterculture era. His best known contributions were producing the Byrds' first two albums Mr. Tambourine Man (1965) and Turn! Turn! Turn! (1965), as well as most of the hit recordings of Paul Revere & the Raiders and Gentle Soul. He is also known for his brief association with Charles Manson, a songwriter and cult leader who was later convicted of several murders.

Melcher was the only child of actress/singer Doris Day; his father was Day's first husband Al Jorden, and he was adopted by her third husband Martin Melcher. Most of his early recordings were with the vocal surf acts the Rip Chords and Bruce & Terry. In the 1960s, Melcher was acquainted with the Beach Boys, helping connect Brian Wilson to Smile lyricist Van Dyke Parks. Melcher later produced several singles for the Beach Boys in the 1980s and the 1990s, including "Kokomo" (1988), which topped U.S. record charts.

The Doris Day Show

The Doris Day Show is an American sitcom that was originally broadcast on the CBS Television network from September 1968 until March 1973, remaining on the air for five seasons and 128 episodes.The series is remembered for its multiple format and cast changes over the course of its five-year run. The show is also remembered for Day's statement, in her autobiography Doris Day: Her Own Story (1975), that her husband Martin Melcher had signed her to do the series without her knowledge, a fact she only discovered when Melcher died of heart disease on April 20, 1968 (he also received credit on the series as "executive producer" during its initial season).

The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956 film)

The Man Who Knew Too Much is a 1956 American suspense thriller film directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, starring James Stewart and Doris Day. The film is Hitchcock's second film using this title following his own 1934 film of the same name featuring a significantly different plot and script.

In the book-length interview Hitchcock/Truffaut (1967), in response to fellow filmmaker François Truffaut's assertion that aspects of the remake were by far superior, Hitchcock replied "Let's say the first version is the work of a talented amateur and the second was made by a professional."The film won an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)", sung by Doris Day. It premiered at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival on April 29.

Young Man with a Horn (soundtrack)

Young Man with a Horn is a 10" LP album, released by Columbia Records as CL-6106 on March 13, 1950, featuring trumpeter Harry James and singer Doris Day performing songs initially recorded for the soundtrack of the movie of the same name. It was simultaneously released as a 78 rpm album set, Columbia C-198, and when Columbia finally began to release 45s about a year or so later it appeared as a boxed 45 rpm album set as Columbia B-198.

Young at Heart (Doris Day and Frank Sinatra album)

Young at Heart was a 10" LP album released by Columbia Records as catalog number CL-6331, on November 1, 1954, containing songs sung by Doris Day and Frank Sinatra from the soundtrack of the movie Young at Heart.

On May 31, 2004 the album was reissued, combined with You're My Thrill, as a compact disk by Sony BMG Music Entertainment. (In fact, though the CD was entitled "You're My Thrill/Young at Heart," the four added tracks that were added to "You're My Thrill" when it was retitled "Day Dreams" were included, as well as four extra tracks not included in either album originally.)

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