Donald Trump Access Hollywood tape

Donald Trump (left) and Billy Bush (right)

Donald Trump August 19, 2015 (cropped)
William hall bush 2006

On October 7, 2016, during the 2016 United States presidential election, The Washington Post published a video and accompanying article about then-presidential candidate Donald Trump and television host Billy Bush having "an extremely lewd conversation about women" in 2005. Trump and Bush were in a bus on their way to film an episode of Access Hollywood (now Access), a show owned by NBCUniversal. In the video, Trump described his attempt to seduce a married woman and indicated he might start kissing a woman that he and Bush were about to meet. He added, "I don't even wait. And when you're a star, they let you do it. You can do anything. Grab them by the pussy. You can do anything." Commentators and lawyers have described such an action as sexual assault.[1]

News of the recording broke two days before the second 2016 presidential debate between Trump, the Republican nominee, and Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton. Trump gave a statement in which he apologized for the video's content, but attempted to deflect attention by saying that Bill Clinton had "said far worse to me on the golf course".[2] The recording provoked strong reactions by media figures and politicians across the political spectrum. Statements from Republican officials were varied. Some, including Trump's vice-presidential running mate Mike Pence, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, and Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus, indicated their disapproval of Trump's words but did not renounce their support or call for his resignation from the ticket. Other Republicans, most prominently former presidential nominee John McCain, stated that they would no longer support Trump's presidential campaign, and some called for his withdrawal from the ticket. House Speaker Paul Ryan announced that he would no longer defend or support Trump's campaign, although he did not officially retract his endorsement of Trump. Bush resigned from his position as a host on NBC's Today show, while Trump received allegations of sexual misconduct from several women.


The video was recorded in September 2005 in the NBC Studios parking lot while Trump was preparing to appear in an episode of the NBC soap opera Days of Our Lives. Access Hollywood,[3] a syndicated entertainment news program owned by NBCUniversal,[4] conducted a behind-the-scenes interview with Trump about the guest appearance in which Trump and Bush arrived in a tour bus for the Access Across America series of segments produced in commemoration of the program's 10th season. It features audio of Trump talking with Billy Bush, then co-anchor of Access Hollywood, on a bus embellished with the show's name. Trump and Bush were wearing microphones, which recorded their casual conversation. Trump was later described as "apparently aware at the time that he was being recorded by a TV program".[5][6]

According to an Access Hollywood spokesperson, there were seven other people on the bus: a camera crew of two, the bus driver, the show's producer, a production assistant, Trump's security guard, and Trump's public relations representative. Upon arriving at the lot, the camera crew was let off the bus so they could record Trump and Bush disembarking and meeting with Arianne Zucker, who portrayed Nicole Walker on the soap opera and appeared alongside Trump in the episode in which he guest starred.[7][8]


In the video, Trump tells Billy Bush about a failed attempt to seduce Nancy O'Dell, who was Bush's co-host at the time (circa 2005) of the recording:[9]

I moved on her, and I failed. I'll admit it.

I did try and fuck her. She was married.

And I moved on her very heavily. In fact, I took her out furniture shopping. She wanted to get some furniture. I said, "I'll show you where they have some nice furniture." I took her out furniture—I moved on her like a bitch. But I couldn't get there. And she was married. Then all of a sudden I see her, she's now got the big phony tits and everything. She's totally changed her look.[3]

Later, referring to Arianne Zucker (whom they were waiting to meet), Trump says:

I better use some Tic Tacs just in case I start kissing her. You know I'm automatically attracted to beautiful—I just start kissing them. It's like a magnet. Just kiss. I don't even wait. And when you're a star, they let you do it. You can do anything. Grab 'em by the pussy. You can do anything.[3]


According to Access Hollywood, the discovery of the video was prompted by "Mr. Trump's denial of claims contained in an Associated Press story in which 20 former Apprentice employees described Mr. Trump's behavior toward women as lewd and inappropriate."[10] An NBC source said that an Access Hollywood producer remembered the conversation on Monday, October 3, and located it in the show's archives.[4][11] The celebrity news website TMZ reports a different chronology: when senior executives at NBC learned about the video, they thought it was too early in the presidential campaign season to release it with maximum effect, and (according to TMZ) those executives publicly said they learned of the video long after they actually learned about it.[12][13]

NBC discussed whether to release the tape and had lawyers review the legality of the publication, as is common among other news media due to the possibility that the involved parties might file a lawsuit if the video was released.[5] By Tuesday, October 4, NBC had drafted a story that it declined to broadcast for another three days.[5][14] On Friday, October 7, at around 11 a.m., an unidentified source gave a copy of the tape to Washington Post reporter David Fahrenthold, who contacted NBC for comment, notified the Trump campaign that he had the video, obtained confirmation of its authenticity, and released a story and the tape itself by 4 p.m.[3][4] Alerted that the Post might release the story immediately,[4] NBC News released its own story "mere minutes" after the Post story was published.[7]

By that evening, the Post's story had become "the most concurrently viewed article in the history of the Post's website" with more than 100,000 people reading it on the afternoon of October 7. The Post's servers went offline for a short period that day due to the surge in web traffic.[4] This story would later be one of the articles for which Fahrenthold received the Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting.[15]


Women's March on Washington at Trump Hotel
Demonstrator in front of the Trump International Hotel in Washington, D.C. during the Women's March on Washington[16]

Reaction was swift, with Trump's general election opponent Hillary Clinton among the first political figures to respond to the tape, tweeting shortly after its release, "This is horrific. We cannot allow this man to become president."[17] Clinton's VP running mate Tim Kaine said of the tape, "It makes me sick to my stomach ... I'm sad to say that I'm not surprised."[18] At the second presidential debate two days later, Clinton said of the tape, "With prior Republican nominees for president, I disagreed with them, politics, policies, principles, but I never questioned their fitness to serve. Donald Trump is different."[19]

In the second episode of season 42 of Saturday Night Live (first aired on October 8), Alec Baldwin parodied the controversy as Donald Trump.[20][21][22] Samantha Bee, the host of Full Frontal with Samantha Bee, reversed the gender roles in the video and issued an "apology" for the parodied video on Twitter.[23] Singer-songwriter Carly Simon donated her 1972 song "You're So Vain" for use in an anti-Trump advertisement—the first time she has ever allowed its use for political purposes—and announced her opposition to Trump in response to the tape.[24]

Media and legal profession attention

Touching a person's genitals without consent (also known as groping) is considered sexual assault in most jurisdictions in the United States.[25][26][27][28] Many attorneys and media commentators characterized Trump's statements as describing acts of sexual assault.[3][29][30] Lisa Bloom, a sexual harassment expert and civil rights lawyer, stated: "Let's be very clear, he is talking about sexual assault. He is talking about grabbing a woman's genitals without her consent."[29] Trump and some of his supporters claimed that Trump was not saying he committed a sexual assault, or denied that groping is sexual assault.[31][32][33] Journalist Emily Crockett says that this is further evidence of a trend to minimize sexual assaults against women.[34]

John Banzhaf, a George Washington University public interest law professor, stated, "if Trump suddenly and without any warning reached out and grabbed a woman's crotch or breast, it would rather clearly constitute sexual assault," as indicated in Trump's statement "I don't even wait." It has been argued, however, that despite Trump having stated "I don't even wait," his full remarks could imply something akin to consent. This is pointed out by Trump's full remarks having included the statement "and when you're a star, they let you do it. You can do anything."[35]

It brought further media comment on Trump's history of criticizing women for their looks, among other remarks criticized as sexist.[36][37] On October 8, CNN aired segments from multiple interviews Trump gave to The Howard Stern Show prior to his political career in which he made comments similar to those on the Access Hollywood tape.[38] In September 2004, Trump comments on his daughter Ivanka's body and, when asked, tells Stern that it is okay for him to call his daughter "a piece of ass".[38][39]

Involved parties

Billy Bush

While the controversy has focused mainly on Trump, Bush also faced backlash as a result of the tape,[40] mainly due to his statement that Zucker "[is] hot as shit" and his goading her into hugging Trump after they get off on the bus. Bush received online criticism and calls for his resignation from The Today Show, where he was an anchor at the time. The Washington Post stated, "Bush's public image was damaged—perhaps beyond repair."[40] There were so many negative comments on Bush's social media accounts following the tape's release that his Twitter account was taken down on the evening of October 7.[40] That evening, Bush issued an apology, saying, "Obviously I'm embarrassed and ashamed. It's no excuse, but this happened eleven years ago—I was younger, less mature, and acted foolishly in playing along. I'm very sorry."[40]

The controversy has led to speculation that Bush's spot on Today could be in jeopardy, both because of the backlash against him on social media and the possibility that the tape's release could create a toxic work environment between Bush and the show's mostly female production staff.[41] NBC executives confirmed on the evening of October 8 that Bush's job was safe and he would address the controversy on the October 10 episode of Today.[41] Politico noted that the audience of Today is disproportionately female so that a significant ratings drop in the wake of the controversy could still lead to Bush's dismissal.[41] On Monday, October 10, NBC reversed course and announced that Bush would be suspended from Today indefinitely pending further review;[42] as he was an anchor, his suspension was briefly addressed during that day's broadcast.[43] One day later, on October 11, multiple media sources reported that NBC was "negotiating his exit".[43][44][45] On October 17, NBC announced that Bush had resigned.[46]

Bush's status as a member of the Bush family (specifically, as the cousin of former President George W. Bush and the nephew of former president George H. W. Bush[43]) was also noted in the wake of the controversy. The Economist noted, "Who would have thought that Mr. Bush, a presenter of NBC's Today news show, could end up playing a more influential role in this election than his cousin Jeb, whom many Republicans had expected to win it?"[47]

People and entities mentioned by Trump

Nancy O'Dell, the married woman that Trump spoke of, said:

Politics aside, I'm saddened that these comments still exist in our society at all. When I heard the comments yesterday, it was disappointing to hear such objectification of women. The conversation needs to change because no female, no person, should be the subject of such crass comments, whether or not cameras are rolling. Everyone deserves respect no matter the setting or gender. As a woman who has worked very hard to establish her career, and as a mom, I feel I must speak out with the hope that as a society we will always strive to be better.[9]

In response to having their product referenced by Trump on the tape, Tic Tac issued a statement on Twitter stating, "Tic Tac respects all women. We find the recent statements and behavior completely inappropriate and unacceptable."[48]

Reacting to her unwitting role in this incident, Zucker wrote on TwitLonger, "How we treat one another, whether behind closed doors, locker rooms or face to face, should be done with kindness, dignity and respect."[49][50]

Republican Party

The incident was condemned by numerous prominent Republicans. Republican National Committee (RNC) Chairman Reince Priebus said, "No woman should ever be described in these terms or talked about in this manner. Ever." The RNC suspended all support of Trump's campaign shortly thereafter.[51][52] Former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney, the Republican presidential nominee in 2012, tweeted, "Hitting on married women? Condoning assault? Such vile degradations demean our wives and daughters and corrupt America's face to the world." Ohio governor John Kasich, a former primary rival to Trump, called the remarks "indefensible"; former Florida governor Jeb Bush, also a former primary rival, called them "reprehensible".[53] Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell also denounced the video, but continued to support Trump.[54] Paul Ryan, the House Speaker, disinvited Trump from a scheduled campaign rally,[55] announced that he would no longer defend or support Trump's presidential campaign, and in a highly unusual move he freed down-ticket congressional members to use their own judgment, saying "you all need to do what's best for you and your district."[54][56]

Many members of the Republican Party rescinded their endorsements as a result of the release of the video,[57][58] including Governors Bill Haslam[59] and Robert J. Bentley;[60] Representatives Bradley Byrne,[58] Jason Chaffetz,[61] and Joe Heck;[62] and Senators Kelly Ayotte,[63] Mike Crapo,[64] and John McCain.[65] Former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, who had previously kept his opinion private throughout the campaign, released a statement: "For the first time since I became a citizen in 1983, I will not vote for the Republican candidate for president ... As proud as I am to label myself a Republican, there is one label that I hold above all else — American."[66] By October 11, "nearly a third" of Senate Republicans said they would not vote for Trump.[67] Other Republicans expressed continued support for Trump,[68] including former 2016 Republican candidate Ben Carson,[69] evangelical leaders Tony Perkins and Ralph E. Reed Jr.,[70] and former Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski.[70] Other evangelical leaders, particularly the Southern Baptist Convention Ethics and Policy Director, Dr. Russell D. Moore, publicly rebuked evangelical leaders who still supported Trump.[71] In a tweet, Ted Cruz questioned why NBC, who had possession of the tape, sat on it for 11 years.[72]

Calls to drop campaign

By October 8, several dozen Republicans had called for Trump to withdraw from the campaign and let his VP running mate, Mike Pence, take over the Republican ticket.[73][74][75] Among those favoring a Pence takeover were former Utah Governor Jon Huntsman Jr., U.S. Senators Dan Sullivan of Alaska, Cory Gardner of Colorado and Deb Fischer of Nebraska, and U.S. Representatives Jason Chaffetz of Utah, Bradley Byrne of Alabama, Rodney Davis of Illinois, and Ann Wagner of Missouri.[75][57]

Pence himself released a statement on October 8, saying, "As a husband and father, I was offended by the words and actions described by Donald Trump in the eleven-year-old video released yesterday ... I do not condone his remarks and cannot defend them." However, he said he still supported Trump since he "has expressed remorse and apologized to the American people."[68][76][77]

Trump insisted he would never drop out.[78] As of October 8, depending upon the state:

  • It was not possible to change the names on ballots at the late date for purely legal reasons.[79]
  • Many general election ballots had already been printed, and it would be expensive to change them.[79]
  • In states with early voting, thousands of ballots had already been cast.[79]

For these reasons, commentators said that it would have been very difficult, if not impossible, to replace Trump as the Republican nominee.[79][80]

Withdrawal of political support

As the day wore on, a growing number of Republicans went beyond criticizing Trump's remarks or rescinding endorsements of him and began calling for Trump to drop out of the presidential race, ceding the Republican nomination to another person.[74][75] On the afternoon of October 8, Trump responded with a tweet: "The media and establishment want me out of the race so badly - I WILL NEVER DROP OUT OF THE RACE, WILL NEVER LET MY SUPPORTERS DOWN! #MAGA".[81]

The Republican National Committee continued to support Trump,[82] and within the next couple of days, several of the Republicans who wanted Trump to drop out said that they were still voting for him.[83] Steve Bannon said in an interview on 60 Minutes that response to the controversy served as a "litmus test" for Trump's Republican allies. For example, according to Bannon, Chris Christie was denied a Cabinet position because he said Trump's comments were "completely indefensible".[84]

Trump's responses

External video
Donald Trump apologizes for sexist comments about groping women on YouTube
via PBS Newshour, October 7, 2016

Trump acknowledged making the remarks, but tried to deflect by saying that Bill and Hillary Clinton had said and done worse.

After the release of the Access Hollywood video, Trump's first public response came in the form of a written statement published on his campaign website:

This was locker room banter, a private conversation that took place many years ago. Bill Clinton has said far worse to me on the golf course - not even close. I apologize if anyone was offended.[85]

Donald Trump and wife Melania
Trump and wife Melania

Early on Saturday morning, October 8, Donald Trump issued a lengthier statement, released by video. In it, Trump said of the video's contents, "I said it, I was wrong, and I apologize." He went on to "pledge to be a better man" and ended the video with the allegation that Bill Clinton, former President of the United States and husband of Trump's Democratic rival Hillary Clinton, had "abused women", and that Hillary had bullied her husband's victims.[86] Trump's video ended with assurances that the Clinton allegations would be discussed in coming days.[87] Trump's statement was criticized severely by the media and members of the public as insincere, and an attempt to divert attention away from Trump's comments and onto unsubstantiated accusations against his political opponents.[87][88][89] Trump tweeted the next day: "Certainly has been an interesting 24 hours!"[90][91] On October 10, Trump was also questioned about the tape during the second presidential debate of his campaign. He reiterated that it was "locker room talk", then said, "I'm not proud of it. I apologize to my family. I apologize to the American people."[92]

Trump's wife Melania said, "The words my husband used are unacceptable and offensive to me. This does not represent the man that I know." She added that she hopes "people will accept his apology, as I have".[93]

In 2017, it was reported that Trump had questioned the authenticity of the tape in multiple private conversations that year, including one with a Republican senator, even though he had already acknowledged that the voice was his, and apologized, after the tape was revealed.[94][95]

In January 2017, shortly before his inauguration, Mr. Trump told a Republican senator that he wanted to investigate the recording that had him boasting about grabbing women's genitals.[96]

Effects and aftermath

The Clinton–Trump debates

The release of the tape led to a renewed anticipation towards the October 9 debate between Trump and Hillary Clinton, as it would be the first time for each candidate to directly address the controversy. Less than two hours before the debate began, Trump held a surprise press conference in St. Louis with Paula Jones, Kathleen Willey, and Juanita Broaddrick, who have previously accused Bill Clinton of sexual misconduct, and Kathy Shelton, a rape victim whose rapist had been represented in the 1970s by Hillary, an appointed public defender. Describing the conference as his "debate prep", Trump described the women as "courageous" and "victims of the Clintons", with each of the women repeating their grievances with the Clintons.[97] At the conference, Trump refused to answer journalists' questions about the Access Hollywood tape.[97] Clinton's campaign dismissed the conference as "an act of desperation" and denounced Trump's "destructive race to the bottom".[97] First Lady Michelle Obama said referring to the controversy, "It has shaken me to my core in a way that I couldn't have predicted."[98]

During the debate itself, co-moderator Anderson Cooper pressed Trump about whether the conversation on the tape meant that Trump had committed sexual assault. Trump said it "was locker room talk" and "I'm not proud of it," and said he wanted to move on to other things, but finally responded "I have not."[30] It was later revealed that Trump had arranged for the women to sit in his family box and that they were to walk into the audience at the same time as Bill and confront him on live TV, but debate officials intervened and prevented the planned stunt from happening.[99] The Associated Press later reported that Willey and Shelton had previously been financially compensated by Trump ally Roger Stone during the campaign.[100]

Assault stories

Shortly after the story first broke on October 7, Canadian writer Kelly Oxford posted on Twitter, "Women: tweet me your first assaults. they aren't just stats."[101] Within hours, the tweet had gone viral, receiving thousands of responses, many of them relating to stories of sexual assaults on women. Over 30 million people viewed or replied to Oxford's tweet within a week.[101]

Response of athletes and coaches

News report of voter reactions by Voice of America

Numerous professional athletes and coaches rejected Trump's claim that what he said on the tape was "locker room talk", saying that such comments were not normal or acceptable.[102][103][104] Los Angeles Clippers head coach Doc Rivers said, "[If Trump's comments are locker room talk] that's a new locker room for me."[105] Oakland Athletics pitcher Sean Doolittle tweeted, "As an athlete, I've been in locker rooms my entire adult life and uh, that's not locker room talk."[102][105] Kansas City Chiefs wide receiver Chris Conley tweeted, "Just for reference. I work in a locker room (every day) ... that is not locker room talk. Just so you know ..."[102][105] Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Brett Anderson tweeted, "What kind of fucked up locker rooms has Donald Trump been in ..."[105] NBA point guard Kendall Marshall tweeted, "PSA: sexual advances without consent is NOT locker room talk."[102][105][106] LA Galaxy midfielder Robbie Rogers tweeted, "I'm offended as an athlete that @realDonaldTrump keeps using this "locker room talk" as an excuse."[106] Olympic hurdler and sprinter Queen Harrison tweeted, "Locker room talk,' 'Boys will be boys,' 'Harmless banter.' These are not valid excuses for behavior. Never have been, never will be."[106] Atlanta Falcons tight end Jacob Tamme tweeted, "It's not normal. And even if it were normal, it's not right."[102][106] These responses also prompted the creation of the hashtag #NotInMyLockerRoom.[102]

Eleven months after the footage was leaked, retired professional boxer Floyd Mayweather defended Trump's comments stating, "People don't like the truth ... He speak like a real man spoke." He added, "So he talking locker room talk. Locker room talk. 'I'm the man, you know what I'm saying? You know who I am. Yeah, I grabbed her by the p---y. And?'"[107][108]

Anti-Trump memes and campaigns

The backlash from the comments prompted a "Pussy Grabs Back" hashtag urging women to vote against Trump on Election Day. Anti-Trump memes featuring cat imagery spread on social media. The Guardian wrote that an image of a snarling cat became a "rallying cry for female rage against Trump".[109][110][111]

Trump's denial that he ever kissed or groped women without consent led to more accusations by several women that Trump sexually assaulted them.[112][113] Trump's campaign denied the allegations.[114]

In response to the recording, Shannon Coulter started a viral campaign called #GrabYourWallet, which urges individuals to boycott various companies that sell Trump related products.[115] Various companies have since dropped Trump's products in response to the boycott, including, Nordstrom, Bergdorf Goodman, and Neiman Marcus.[116]

Alleged other tapes

On October 9, former staffers of Trump's reality show The Apprentice and journalist Geraldo Rivera said that they both individually have more damaging tapes of Trump, but did not say if they would be released to the public.[117][118] Rivera later stated that he had searched his files and that he could not find anything relevant to the scandal.[119]

Since the tape's release, Bill Pruitt, a producer of the first two seasons of the television series The Apprentice, claims there is recorded behind the scenes footage of Trump saying things that are "far worse". NBC's news division does not have access to the archives of the series. Another Apprentice producer, Chris Nee, claimed on Twitter that Trump said "the N-word" in the archived footage.[120][121] Nee later deleted the tweet.[122][123] A GoFundMe campaign was launched on October 9 with the goal of raising $5.1 million to release more tapes. The campaign is known as the "Trump Sunlight Campaign". Nee wrote on Twitter to Mark Cuban that there is a $5 million penalty fee if the footage is leaked.[121][124][125][126][127][128] A few days later, the campaign managed to raise just over $32,000.[129] David Brock said he would pay the penalty to release tapes from The Apprentice.[130][131]

Use as a criminal defense

In October 2018, a Florida man was arrested and charged with abusive sexual contact, after groping a woman aboard a Southwest Airlines flight. The woman told police when the plane landed that the accused had attempted to touch her breasts twice during the trip.[132] When questioned by police he referenced a quote ["Grab them by the pussy"] from the tape, and that the President of the United States says it's okay to grab women by their private parts.[133]

See also


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External links

2017 Women's March

The Women's March was a worldwide protest on January 21, 2017, the day after the inauguration of President Donald Trump. Tensions rose due to statements made by Donald Trump, considered by many as anti-women or otherwise offensive.[13][20] It was the largest single-day protest in U.S. history. The goal of the annual marches is to advocate legislation and policies regarding human rights and other issues, including women's rights, immigration reform, healthcare reform, reproductive rights, the environment, LGBTQ rights, racial equality, freedom of religion, workers' rights and tolerance. According to organizers, the goal was to "send a bold message to our new administration on their first day in office, and to the world that women's rights are human rights".The main protest was in Washington, D.C., and is known as the Women's March on Washington with many other marches taking place worldwide. The Washington March was streamed live on YouTube, Facebook, and Twitter. The Washington March drew well over 200,000 people. Between 3,267,134 and 5,246,670 people participated in the marches in the U.S., approximately 1.0 to 1.6 percent of the U.S. population. Worldwide participation has been estimated at over seven million. At least 408 marches were reported to have been planned in the U.S. and 168 in 81 other countries. After the marches, organizers reported that around 673 marches took place worldwide, on all seven continents, 29 in Canada, 20 in Mexico, and 1 in Antarctica. The crowds were peaceful, no arrests were made in D.C., Chicago, Los Angeles, New York City, or Seattle, where a combined total of about two million people marched. The organization's website states that they wanted to adhere to "the nonviolent ideology of the Civil Rights movement". Following the march, the organizers of the Women's March on Washington posted the "10 Actions for the first 100 Days" campaign for joint activism to keep up momentum from the march.

2017–18 United States political sexual scandals

The 2017–18 United States political sexual scandals include multiple allegations of sexual misconduct, including sexual harassment and sexual assault, and subsequent firings and resignations of American politicians in 2017 and 2018. Some of these allegations are linked to the aftermath of the Harvey Weinstein sexual abuse allegations starting in October 2017.

2018 Virginia's 10th congressional district election

Virginia's 10th congressional district election was one of the highest-profile United States House of Representatives elections of 2018, and the most competitive and costly in Virginia, as the Republican incumbent congresswoman Barbara Comstock lost to Democrat Jennifer Wexton. In June 12, 2018 Republican primary election, Comstock defeated her rival, Air Force veteran Shak Hill. In the Democratic primary, Wexton, a state senator, defeated scientist Julia Biggins, former State Department official Alison Friedman, Army veteran Dan Helmer, former Department of Veterans Affairs official Lindsey Davis Stover, and former federal prosecutor Paul Pelletier.As of April, Comstock had posted one of the largest fundraising hauls of the first quarter of 2018, and four separate Democrats in the district had posted fundraising hauls of more than $200,000. The fact that the field of six Democrats raised more than $4.4 million combined for the Democratic primary was seen as a sign of Democratic enthusiasm. The 10th district race also drew in the most money in the state in the second quarter.The general election, along with the other United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia, 2018, is scheduled for November 6, 2018. As of May, Roll Call listed Comstock as one of only three incumbents running in districts rated as tossups. After the primary election, the Cook Political Report moved the district (along with four other districts) from "Toss Up" to "Lean Democratic," noting Comstock's underwhelming performance against Hill, including in the Shenandoah Valley, and the possibility that Republican senatorial candidate Corey "Stewart's nomination could alienate independents, depress Republican interest in the Senate race and allow Kaine to run up the score in the 10th CD, compounding Comstock's challenge." In particular, Stewart's stances on Confederate monuments and immigration may not help improve turnout among educated suburban Republicans.The University of Virginia Center for Politics made a similar assessment. According to Mark J. Rozell, it seems likely that Comstock's appeals to mainstream and independent voters will be overshadowed by Trump's and Stewart's louder rhetoric directed to the hard-core right wing. A study by the Christopher Newport University Wason Center's Rachel Bitecofer predicted Comstock will lose and that the deciding factor for Democrats will be getting their own partisans to the polls rather than swaying independent voters. Comstock herself says, "We're up in our internal polls, and I have never underperformed my internal polls."

Arianne Zucker

Arianne Bethene Zucker (born June 3, 1974), credited professionally as Arianne Zucker, is an American actress and model. She is known for playing as Nicole Walker on the NBC daytime soap opera Days of Our Lives from 1998 to 2018.

Barbara Comstock

Barbara Jean Comstock (née Burns; born June 30, 1959) is an American attorney and politician. A Republican, she was elected to two terms in Congress for the 10th congressional district in northern Virginia. She was defeated for reelection in 2018 by Democrat Jennifer Wexton.

From 2010 to 2014, she was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. She first won election to her seat in 2009. She has worked in numerous positions for various government agencies, including as chief counsel of the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee, director of public affairs at the Department of Justice, and as a Congressional staffer. She is a founding partner and co-principal of the public relations and public policy firm Corallo Comstock. In 2019, she joined the law firm of Baker Donelson as a senior advisor.

Brooke Baldwin

Brooke Baldwin (born July 12, 1979) is an American journalist and television news anchor who has been at CNN since 2008. Baldwin hosts CNN Newsroom from 2pm to 4pm ET.

Donald Trump on social media

My use of social media is not Presidential - it’s MODERN DAY PRESIDENTIAL. Make America Great Again!

July 2, 2017

Donald Trump's use of social media attracts worldwide attention. He frequently uses Twitter and other social media platforms to make comments about other politicians, celebrities and daily news. From his official declaration of candidacy in June 2015 through the first two years of his presidency, he tweeted over 14,000 times. Since early in his presidency, his tweets have been "considered official statements by the President of the United States," according to then-White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer.He often posts controversial or false statements, and his advisors have warned him that his tweets may alienate some of his supporters. In a June 2017 Fox News poll, 70 percent of respondents said Trump's tweets were hurting his agenda. In a January 2019 UMass Lowell poll, 68 percent of all respondents aged 18-37 said Trump tweets too much.

Jacob Rees-Mogg

Jacob William Rees-Mogg (born 24 May 1969) is a British politician serving as the Member of Parliament (MP) for North East Somerset since the general election of 2010. A member of the Conservative Party, he has been characterised as socially conservative.Rees-Mogg was born in Hammersmith, London, and educated at Eton College. He then studied History at Trinity College, Oxford and was President of the Oxford University Conservative Association. He worked in the City of London for Lloyd George Management until 2007, then co-founded a hedge fund management business Somerset Capital Management LLP. He has amassed a significant fortune: his estimated net worth in 2016 was from £55 million to (including his wife's prospects) £150 million. Moving into politics, he unsuccessfully contested the 1997 and 2001 general elections before being elected as the MP for North East Somerset in 2010. He was re-elected in 2015 and 2017. Within the Conservative Party he joined the traditionalist and socially conservative Cornerstone Group.

Under David Cameron's government, Rees-Mogg was one of the parliamentary Conservative Party's most rebellious members, opposing the government on issues such as the introduction of same-sex marriage and further intervention in the Syrian Civil War. He became known for his speeches and filibustering in parliamentary debates. A Eurosceptic, he proposed a Conservative coalition with the UK Independence Party and campaigned for the Leave side in the 2016 referendum on membership of the European Union. He subsequently joined pro-Brexit pressure groups Leave Means Leave and the European Research Group, becoming Chair of the latter. He attracted support through the social media campaign Moggmentum, and has been promoted as a potential successor to Conservative Prime Minister Theresa May.Rees-Mogg is a controversial figure in British politics; he has been praised as a conviction politician whose anachronistic upper-class mannerisms and consciously traditionalist attitudes are often seen as entertaining, and has been dubbed the "Honourable Member for the 18th century". On the other hand, critics view him as a reactionary figure, and some of his positions have made him the target of organised protest and criticism.

Love It If We Made It

"Love It If We Made It" is a song by English rock band The 1975 from their third studio album, A Brief Inquiry into Online Relationships (2018). It was released on 19 July 2018 through Dirty Hit and Polydor Records as the album's second single. It was written by all the members of The 1975 and was produced by lead vocalist Matty Healy and drummer George Daniel. "Love It If We Made It" is a track that blends electropop, pop, funk and new wave music and features a strong drum beat and pulsing synths. The song's lyrics criticise the contemporary social climate and allude to numerous political and cultural events such as the US national anthem protests and the death of American rapper Lil Peep.

The song was met with widespread critical acclaim, praise being directed towards the track's lyrics, and was featured on numerous year-end critics lists, with Pitchfork, The Fader and Jon Pareles of The New York Times deeming it the best track of the year. A vertical music video for the track was released through Spotify on 12 August 2018 and a second music video directed by Adam Powell was released the following month.

Raj Shah

Raj Shah (born c. 1985) is a Republican political aide who served as the White House Deputy Press Secretary and Deputy Assistant to the President from 2017 to 2019. Prior to joining the Trump Administration, Shah was in charge of opposition research at the Republican National Committee.

Rick Scott

Richard Lynn Scott (né Myers, December 1, 1952) is an American businessman and politician, serving as the junior United States senator from Florida since 2019. He previously served as the 45th governor of Florida from 2011 to 2019.

Scott, is a graduate of both University of Missouri, Kansas City and Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law. In 1987, after serving in the United States Navy and becoming a law firm partner, he co-founded Columbia Hospital Corporation. Columbia later merged with another corporation to form Columbia/HCA, which eventually became the largest private for-profit health care company in the United States.Scott was pressured to resign as chief executive of Columbia/HCA in 1997. During his tenure as chief executive, the company defrauded Medicare, Medicaid and other federal programs. The Department of Justice ultimately fined the company in what was at the time the largest health care fraud settlement in U.S. history. Scott was never charged with any crime. Following his departure from Columbia/HCA, Scott became a venture capitalist and pursued other business interests.

Scott ran for Governor of Florida in 2010. He defeated Bill McCollum in the vigorously contested Republican primary election, then narrowly defeated Democratic nominee Alex Sink in the general election, spending roughly $75 million of his own money in the process. Scott was re-elected in 2014, defeating former governor Charlie Crist. Scott was barred by term limits from running for re-election in 2018. In 2017, a Democratic activist and lawyer, Donald Hinkle, filed a lawsuit, claiming Scott had not disclosed sufficient information about his wealth and holdings, and may have underestimated his net worth. Scott appealed to a three-judge panel of the First Circuit Court of Appeal. The appeals court granted what is known as a “writ of prohibition” barring the circuit judge from taking any further action in the case. The five-page ruling agreed with Scott’s argument that only the Commission on Ethics “has constitutional authority to investigate Mr. Hinkle’s complaint.”On April 9, 2018, Scott announced his candidacy in the 2018 United States Senate election in Florida, vying for the seat held by incumbent Democrat Bill Nelson. A machine recount of the race was completed on November 15 and a manual recount was completed on November 18, confirming Scott's lead. On November 18, Nelson conceded and Scott was declared the winner. Scott took office on January 8, 2019, after his term as governor expired.

Ross Cameron

Ross Alexander Cameron (born 14 May 1965) is an Australian politician who was a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives from March 1996 to October 2004, representing the Division of Parramatta, New South Wales.

Between 2013 and 2018, he was a contributor and host at Sky News Live, including a controversial stint as a co-host of Outsiders, before his employment was terminated for racist remarks made on air.

Scott Tipton

Scott Randall Tipton (born November 9, 1956) is the U.S. Representative for Colorado's 3rd congressional district. In November 2010, he defeated three-term Democratic incumbent John Salazar, to whom he lost by a wide margin in 2006. A Republican, he was previously a member of the Colorado House of Representatives.


THINX is a New York based company that makes feminine hygiene products.The company has two brands, Icon Undies and THINX. THINX is underwear that can be worn during menstruation as a substitute or a supplement to traditional feminine hygiene products. Icon is underwear that can be worn for light and moderate incontinence.The underwear come in a range of styles from boyshorts to thongs, and include two patented technologies. One is to absorb different amounts of blood, and the other absorbs different amounts of urine. The underwear is anti-microbial, moisture-wicking, absorbent and leak resistant.TIME named THINX period panties as one of the best inventions of 2015.Fast Company named THINX one of the most innovative companies of 2017.

Tiny Hands

"Tiny Hands" (full title: "We Don't Want Your Tiny Hands, Anywhere Near Our Underpants") is a protest song by Fiona Apple, released on SoundCloud days prior to the 2017 Women's March (January 21, 2017), for which the song was created.

Who Is America?

Who Is America? is an American political satire television series created by Sacha Baron Cohen that premiered on July 15, 2018, on Showtime. Baron Cohen also stars in the series as various characters and executive produces alongside Anthony Hines, Todd Schulman, Andrew Newman, Dan Mazer, and Adam Lowitt.

Life and politics
involving Russia

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