Donald H. Tuck

Donald Henry Tuck (3 December 1922 – 11 October 2010) was a bibliographer of science fiction, fantasy and weird fiction. His works were "among the most extensive produced since the pioneering work of Everett F. Bleiler."[1]

Donald H. Tuck
BornDonald Henry Tuck
3 December 1922
Launceston, Tasmania
Died11 October 2010 (aged 87)
Melbourne
OccupationWriter, author
GenreBibliography

Biography

Tuck was born in Launceston, Tasmania, but his family soon moved to Hobart, where his father was Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Tasmania.

From a young age Don was interested in all aspects of science. In his teens he discovered the gaudy American science fiction magazines on sale in local department stores and began collecting them. He located other SF fans in Hobart and together they produced the first Tasmanian science fiction fanzine, Profan, which had three issues between April and September 1941.[2] Each included an author's biography and index to their published stories, demonstrating Tuck's early interest in bibliography.

During the war, Tuck trained as a radio technician before serving in the Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Corps on Horn and Thursday Islands in the Torres Strait. Afterward he completed his science degree at the University of Tasmania and then joined the Electrolytic Zinc (EZ) Company at Risdon, near Hobart. Starting as a technical librarian, Tuck would spend his entire career with this company, rising through the ranks.

He maintained his interest in SF as a correspondent and collector. A list of paperbacks sent to him by Perth fan Roger Dard inspired Tuck to begin compiling a card index to SF, fantasy and weird literature published in various forms. Acquiring bibliographic data from contacts around the world, Tuck expanded his card index and self-published it as a book titled A Handbook of Science Fiction and Fantasy in January 1954. It received enthusiastic reviews in the three leading SF magazines of the day.[3][4][5]

Tuck married Audrey Jean Cranston in May 1954. He continued to expand his Handbook; the second edition was published in 1959 and received a "Special Hugo" at the World Science Fiction Convention in 1962.[6][7]

The couple established a home in Lindisfarne, on Hobart's eastern shore, and had a son in 1961. The Tucks hosted regular informal gatherings by local and visiting SF fans at Lindisfarne for the next 20 years, with regular visitor A. Bertram Chandler commemorating the locale by naming one of the spaceship bases in his novels after it.[8]

The culmination of Tuck's efforts was the publication of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy: a bibliographic survey of the fields of science fiction, fantasy and weird fiction through 1968 by Advent:Publishers in three volumes between 1974 and 1983. His work continued to win recognition: the annual Big Heart Award for service to the SF community[9] in 1975, a special World Fantasy Award in 1979 for volumes 1 and 2, and the Hugo Award for Best Nonfiction Book in 1984 for volume 3. Volume 2 also placed second and volume 3 third for the Locus Awards to the year's best nonfiction or reference book.[6]

Tuck was also invited to be Australian Guest of Honour at the first Aussiecon in 1975. A very private person, he was initially reluctant, but did accept the invitation. As the date of the convention approached, however, commitments arose which he felt required his presence at Electrolytic Zinc. He was Acting Head of Industrial Services at the Risdon plant at this time and drastic falls in zinc prices had led to job losses and industrial action.[10] His decision proved controversial, overshadowing his hosting several groups of fans in Hobart after the convention. (During one visit he was presented with the E.E. Evans Memorial Big Heart Award for 1975 by Forrest J. Ackerman).[11]

Tuck retired from the zinc factory in 1982 and dispatched his extensive SF collection to university libraries in Perth and Brisbane. The Tucks moved to Melbourne and enjoyed an active retirement before Audrey died in August 2010 and Don followed her six weeks later.[12]

Bibliography

  • A Handbook of Science Fiction and Fantasy (1954, self-published, Hobart)
  • A Handbook of Science Fiction and Fantasy, 2nd ed. (1959, self-published, Hobart)
  • The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy (Advent:Publishers, Chicago). Published in three volumes:
    • Vol 1: Who's Who, A-L (1974)
    • Vol 2: Who's Who, M-Z (1978)
    • Vol 3: Miscellaneous (1983)

References

  1. ^ "Tuck, Donald H.", The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction Working Text Preview (draft 3rd edition), eds. John Clute and David Langford with Peter Nicholls. Datestamp for this entry: 2011-12-21.
  2. ^ Nelson, Chris. "Early Australian Fanzines", Mumblings from Munchkinland 12, 1995, pp.7–10.
  3. ^ Boucher, Anthony and McComas, J. Francis. "Recommended Reading", The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, August 1954, p.80.
  4. ^ Conklin, Groff. "Galaxy's 5 Star Shelf", Galaxy Science Fiction, September 1954, p.118.
  5. ^ Miller, P. Schuyler. "The Reference Library", Astounding Science Fiction, November 1954, pp.147–148.
  6. ^ a b "Tuck, Donald H." Archived 26 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index of Literary Nominees. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
  7. ^ "The Locus Index to SF Awards". Worldcon Special Convention Awards. 2005. Archived from the original on 15 March 2005. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
  8. ^ Tuck, Donald H. (2003). "Mumblings from Munchkinland 21" (PDF). efanzines.com. p. 14.
  9. ^ "Big Heart Award" Archived 14 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine. The Locus Index to SF Awards. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
  10. ^ Alexander, Alison. The Zinc Works: producing zinc at Risdon 1916–1991, Pasminco-EZ, 1992.
  11. ^ Tuck, Don. Letter included in "A Word from Don Tuck" in Mumblings from Munchkinland 17, 2001, p.8.
  12. ^ Nelson, Chris. "Donald H. Tuck, 1922–2010: an Appreciation", Mumblings from Munchkinland 29, 2011, pp.2–6.

External links

2010 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 2010.

20th World Science Fiction Convention

The Hugo Awards, named after Hugo Gernsback, are presented every year for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. Results are based on the ballots submitted by members of the World Science Fiction Society.

The 20th World Science Fiction Convention, also known unofficially as Chicon III (less frequently, Chicon II), was held August 31–September 3, 1962, at the Pick-Congress Hotel in Chicago, Illinois, United States.

Because the second Worldcon held in Chicago was officially called, in its publications, the 10th Annual World Science Fiction Convention (and once as the "10th Annual Science Fiction Convention") and not Chicon, the next Chicago Worldcon held in 1962 was occasionally referred to as Chicon II, though Chicon III is the generally accepted and preferred nomenclature.

The chairman was Earl Kemp. The guest of honor was Theodore Sturgeon. The toastmaster was Wilson Tucker. Total attendance was approximately 730.Following the convention, Advent:Publishers published The Proceedings: Chicon III, edited by Earl Kemp. The book includes transcripts of lectures and panels given during the course of the convention and includes numerous photographs as well. Events at the convention included an address by Willy Ley.

Australian science fiction

Australia, unlike Europe, does not have a long history in the genre of science fiction. Nevil Shute's On the Beach, published in 1957, and filmed in 1959, was perhaps the first notable international success. Though not born in Australia, Shute spent his latter years there, and the book was set in Australia. It might have been worse had the imports of American pulp magazines not been restricted during WWII, forcing local writers into the field. Various compilation magazines began appearing in the 1960s and the field has continued to expand into some significance. Today Australia has a thriving SF/Fantasy genre with names recognised around the world. In 2013 a trilogy by Sydney-born Ben Peek was sold at auction to a UK publisher for a six-figure deal .

Authentic Science Fiction

Authentic Science Fiction was a British science fiction magazine published in the 1950s that ran for 85 issues under three editors: Gordon Landsborough, H.J. Campbell, and E.C. Tubb. The magazine was published by Hamilton and Co., and began in 1951 as a series of novels appearing every two weeks; by the summer it became a monthly magazine, with readers' letters and an editorial page, though fiction content was still restricted to a single novel. In 1952 short fiction began to appear alongside the novels, and within two more years it completed the transformation into a science fiction magazine.

Authentic published little in the way of important or ground-breaking fiction, though it did print Charles L. Harness's "The Rose", which later became well-regarded. The poor rates of pay—£1 per 1,000 words—prevented the magazine from attracting the best writers. During much of its life it competed against three other moderately successful British science fiction magazines, as well as the American science fiction magazine market. Hamilton folded the magazine in October 1957, because they needed cash to finance an investment in the UK rights to an American best-selling novel.

Beyond Fantasy Fiction

Beyond Fantasy Fiction was a US fantasy fiction magazine edited by H. L. Gold, with only ten issues published from 1953 to 1955. The last two issues carried the cover title of Beyond Fiction, but the publication's name for copyright purposes remained as before.Although not a commercial success, it included several short stories by authors such as Isaac Asimov, Ray Bradbury and Philip K. Dick. The publication has been described by critics as a successor to the tradition of Unknown, a fantasy magazine that ceased publication in 1943. It was noted for printing fantasy with a rational basis such as werewolf stories that included scientific explanations. A selection of stories from Beyond was published in paperback form in 1963, also under the title Beyond.

James Gunn, a historian of science fiction, regarded the magazine as the best of the fantasy magazines launched in the early 1950s, and science fiction encyclopedist Donald H. Tuck contended it printed very good material. Not every critic viewed Beyond as completely successful, however; P. Schuyler Miller, in a 1963 review, commented that the stories were most successful when they did not try to emulate Unknown.

Deaths in October 2010

The following is a list of notable deaths in October 2010.

Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.

Equality; or, A History of Lithconia

Equality; or, A History of Lithconia is a utopian fantasy novel. It is the first American utopian novel. The author is unknown, though Donald H. Tuck speculates that it could be Dr. James Reynolds, a zealous liberal crusader. The novel was originally serialized in 8 parts in the weekly newspaper, The Temple of Reason, beginning in 1802. It was first published in book form by the Liberal Union in 1837.

Final Blackout

Final Blackout is a dystopic science fiction novel by American writer L. Ron Hubbard. The novel is set in the future and follows a man known as "the Lieutenant" as he restores order to England after a world war. First published in serialized format in 1940 in the science fiction magazine Astounding Science Fiction, Final Blackout was published in book form in 1948 by The Hadley Publishing Co.. Author Services Inc. published a hardcover edition of the book in 1988, and in 1989 the Church of Scientology-affiliated organization Bridge Publications said that a film director named Christopher Cain had signed a contract to write and direct a movie version based on the book.

The novel was generally well received by literature critics, and is seen as an early classic of the Golden Age of Science Fiction. It has received positive mention in the Chicago Sun-Times and the Daily News of Los Angeles, and has been used in a science-fiction writing class at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona.

Hugo Award for Best Related Work

The Hugo Awards are given every year by the World Science Fiction Society for the best science fiction or fantasy works and achievements of the previous year. The award is named after Hugo Gernsback, the founder of the pioneering science fiction magazine Amazing Stories, and was once officially known as the Science Fiction Achievement Award. The award has been described as "a fine showcase for speculative fiction" and "the best known literary award for science fiction writing". The Hugo Award for Best Related Work is given each year for primarily non-fiction works related to science fiction or fantasy, published or translated into English during the previous calendar year. Awards are also given out for works of fiction in the novel, novella, novelette, and short story categories.

The award was originally titled the Hugo Award for Best Non-Fiction Book and was first awarded in 1980. In 1999 the Award was retitled to the Hugo Award for Best Related Book, and eligibility was officially expanded to fiction works that were primarily noteworthy for reasons besides their fictional aspects. In 2010, the title of the award was again changed, to the Hugo Award for Best Related Work. In addition to the regular Hugo awards, beginning in 1996 Retrospective Hugo Awards, or "Retro Hugos", have been available to be awarded for years 50, 75, or 100 years prior in which no awards were given. The Retro Best Related Work Hugo was awarded for 1954, 50 years later, but has not been awarded for any other year due to insufficient nominations.Hugo Award nominees and winners are chosen by supporting or attending members of the annual World Science Fiction Convention, or Worldcon, and the presentation evening constitutes its central event. The selection process is defined in the World Science Fiction Society Constitution as instant-runoff voting with six nominees, except in the case of a tie. The works on the ballot are the six most-nominated by members that year, with no limit on the number of works that can be nominated. Initial nominations are made by members in January through March, while voting on the ballot of six nominations is performed roughly in April through July, subject to change depending on when that year's Worldcon is held. Prior to 2017, the final ballot was five works; it was changed that year to six, with each initial nominator limited to five nominations. Worldcons are generally held near the start of September, and are held in a different city around the world each year. Members are permitted to vote "no award", if they feel that none of the nominees is deserving of the award that year, and in the case that "no award" takes the majority the Hugo is not given in that category. This happened in the Best Related Work category in 2015 and 2016.During the 40 nomination years, 197 authors have had works nominated; 52 of these have won, including co-authors and Retro Hugos. John Clute has won four times; once by himself, once with John Grant as a co-author, once with Peter Nicholls, and once with Nicholls, David Langford, and Graham Sleight. Nicholls has won a third time, and Grant has won a second time, sharing the award with his co-authors Elizabeth L. Humphrey and Pamela D. Scoville. Thomas Disch and Ursula K. Le Guin have also won twice, both without co-authors; no other author has won more than once. Cathy and Arnie Fenner have been nominated eight times for their work on the Spectrum: The Best In Contemporary Fantastic Art series, both the most number of nominations received by any author and the most number of nominations without winning. Clute has been nominated seven times, Farah Mendlesohn six times with one win; Le Guin four times with two wins; Isaac Asimov and Langford four times with one win; and Mike Resnick four times with no wins. The Writing Excuses team, consisting of Brandon Sanderson, Dan Wells, Howard Tayler, Mary Robinette Kowal, and Jordan Sanderson, have been nominated four times and won once. Seven other authors have been nominated three times. Many of these writers, editors and artists have won Hugos in other categories, from Fan Writer to Best Novel.

Imagination (magazine)

Imagination was an American fantasy and science fiction magazine first published in October 1950 by Raymond Palmer's Clark Publishing Company. The magazine was sold almost immediately to Greenleaf Publishing Company, owned by William Hamling, who published and edited it from the third issue, February 1951, for the rest of the magazine's life. Hamling launched a sister magazine, Imaginative Tales, in 1954; both ceased publication at the end of 1958 in the aftermath of major changes in US magazine distribution due to the liquidation of American News Company.

The magazine was more successful than most of the numerous science fiction titles launched in the late 1940s and early 1950s, lasting a total of 63 issues. Despite this success, the magazine had a reputation for low-quality space opera and adventure fiction, and modern literary historians refer to it in dismissive terms. Hamling consciously adopted an editorial policy oriented toward entertainment, asserting in an early issue that "science fiction was never meant to be an educational tour de force". Few of the stories from Imagination have received recognition, but it did publish Robert Sheckley's first professional sale, "Final Examination", in the May 1952 issue, and also printed fiction by Philip K. Dick, Robert A. Heinlein and John Wyndham.

List of Worldcon Guests of Honor

This is a list of people who have been official Guests of Honor at the World Science Fiction Convention, since the first Worldcon in 1939.

Each Worldcon committee selects the Guests of Honor (often just "GoH" in publications) for the convention. Typical categories are Author (or "Writer" or just "Pro"), Fan, Artist, Editor and Media, (though some Worldcon GoH slates are not categorised, reflecting that some honorees have contributed in more than one aspect of the genre and that the honor is equal across all those selected). While other conventions may select guests on the basis of popularity, Worldcons usually select Guests of Honor as an acknowledgement of significant lifetime contribution to the field; typically at least 25 years of activity. Selection as a Worldcon GoH is treated by authors, fans, and others in the SF field as a lifetime achievement award.

Mark S. Geston

Mark Symington Geston (born June 20, 1946) is an American science fiction and fantasy author.

Rog Phillips

.

Roger Phillip Graham (February 20, 1909 – March 2, 1966), born in Spokane, Washington, was an American science fiction writer who was published most often using the name Rog Phillips, but also used other names. Of his other pseudonyms, only Craig Browning is notable in the genre. He is associated most with Amazing Stories and is known best for short fiction. He was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Novelette during 1959.

Science fiction fandom

Science fiction fandom or SF fandom is a community or fandom of people interested in science fiction in contact with one another based upon that interest. SF fandom has a life of its own, but not much in the way of formal organization (although clubs such as the Futurians (1937–1945) are a recognized example of organized fandom).

Most often called simply "fandom" within the community, it can be viewed as a distinct subculture, with its own literature and jargon; marriages and other relationships among fans are common, as are multi-generational fan families.

Tuck (surname)

Tuck is a surname, borne by many people and institutions.

The name is related to Tucker and Tooke.

Tuck is a masculine name and sometimes nickname given to someone bearing the name of Tucker and also surprisingly, Devin or Devon in many countries around the world. The English surname Tuck is of patronymic origin, being one of those names that was based on the first name of the father. During the Middle Ages when the systems of surnames first developed, it was inevitable that children in the community would be known by their father’s name. In this case the name literally means “The son of Toke” Toke being a medieval personal name. In the Domesday Book of 1086 this first name was more generally rendered as Toka, hence this document mentions a “liber homo Stingandi Toka Francigine” (Toka the Frenchman)

Records of this surname in England date back to the fourteenth century. The poll tax returns of Yorkshire, for example, mention a Thomas Tuke and a Johannes Tokson. In 1526 the Registers of the University of Oxford refer to one of their students as “Nicholas Toke, or Tocke, or Tuke which clearly indicates the various ways in which this surname can be rendered.

Tuck is also linked further back than the fourteenth century as originating from Nordic, Icelandic and other island countries. This name has many variations through many different cultures that began between the 15th and 16th century. Included are Tuke, Tucka, Toke and Tuske. However, Tuck was primarily a name that began in Viking royalty and what was commonly referred to then as Cosmater as one of the last known Nordic leaders before the disbandment in 1372 A.D. Reaching the medieval periods in England it became more common as travel became less useful to the Nordic. Most of the remaining Nordic travelers found settlement in the English provinces and ended the Cosmatsership. Currently, the name Tuck has been expanded primarily into the common surname Tucker.

People with the surname include:

Adolph Tuck (1854–1926), British fine art publisher

Al Tuck (born 1966), Canadian songwriter and folksinger

Amos Tuck (1810–1879), American politician and a founder of the Republican Party

Amy Tuck (born 1963), American politician

Anthony Tuck (born 1940), English historian

Arthur Tuck (1901–1979), American track and field athlete who won the Oregon state high school track and field championship single-handedly

Barbara Tuck (born 1943), New Zealand artist

Chris Tuck (born 1966), American politician

Dick Tuck (1924-2018), American former political consultant, campaign strategist, advance man and political prankster

Donald H. Tuck (1922–2010), Australian bibliographer

Edward Tuck (1842–1938), American banker and philanthropist

Ernie Tuck (1939–2009), Australian applied mathematician

Frank Tuck (born 1931), former Australian rules footballer

Gary Tuck (born 1954), American baseball former player and coach

George Tuck (basketball) (1882–1952), American college basketball player

George Tuck (cricketer) (1843–1920), English lawyer and cricketer

George Albert Tuck (1884–1981), New Zealand builder, soldier and diarist

Hailey Tuck (born 1990), American jazz singer

Horace Tuck (1876–1951), British painter

James Tuck (archaeologist), Canadian archaeologist

James Tuck (cricketer) (1853–1918), English cricketer

James L. Tuck (1910–1980), British physicist

James Tuck (Canadian football) (born 1990), Canadian football player

Jay Tuck (born 1945), American journalist, television producer and author

Jessica Tuck (born 1963), American actress

Josiah Tuck (1824–1900), American inventor and submarine pioneer

Justin Tuck (born 1983), American football player

Lily Tuck (born 1938), American novelist and short story writer

Marie Tuck (1866–1947), Australian artist and art educator

Mary Tuck (1928–1996), British criminologist, psychologist and civil servant

Matthew Tuck, lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist in the Welsh heavy metal band Bullet for My Valentine

Michael Tuck (born 1953), Australian rules footballer

Morgan Tuck (born 1994), American college basketball player

Raphael Tuck (1910–1982), British Labour politician, academic and lawyer

Robert Stanford Tuck (1916–1987), British Second World War fighter ace and test pilot

Ruth Tuck (1914–2008), Australian painter

Shane Tuck (born 1981), Australian rules footballer, son of Michael Tuck, brother of Travis Tuck

Stuart Tuck (born 1975), English footballer

Travis Tuck (born 1987), Australian rules footballer, son of Michael Tuck

Travis Tuck (sculptor) (1943-2002), American metal sculptor

Somerville Pinkney Tuck (1891-1967), American diplomat

Stephen Tuck, British historian

Wayne Tuck, Jr., Canadian curler

William George Tuck (1900–1999), English watercolourist

William M. Tuck (1896–1983), American politician

World Fantasy Special Award—Non-professional

The World Fantasy Awards are given each year by the World Fantasy Convention for the best fantasy fiction and art published in English during the preceding calendar year. The awards have been described by sources such as The Guardian as a "prestigious fantasy prize", and as one of the three most renowned speculative fiction awards, along with the Hugo and Nebula Awards (which cover both fantasy and science fiction). The World Fantasy Special Award—Non-professional is given each year to individuals for their non-professional work in the preceding calendar year in fields related to fantasy that are not covered by other World Fantasy Award categories. These have included editors of magazines and novels, publishers, and authors of non-fiction works. Occasionally some publishing companies have been nominated along with individual editors and publishers. The nomination reasons have sometimes not been specified beyond "contributions to the genre". Individuals are also eligible for the Special Award—Professional category for their professional work. The World Fantasy Special Award—Non-professional has been awarded annually since 1975.World Fantasy Award nominees and winners are decided by attendees and judges at the annual World Fantasy Convention. A ballot is posted in June for attendees of the current and previous two conferences to determine two of the finalists, and a panel of five judges adds three or more nominees before voting on the overall winner. The panel of judges is typically made up of fantasy authors and is chosen each year by the World Fantasy Awards Administration, which has the power to break ties. The final results are presented at the World Fantasy Convention at the end of October. Through 2015, winners were presented with a statuette of H. P. Lovecraft; more recent winners receive a statuette of a tree.During the 44 nomination years, 250 individuals and 3 organizations have been nominated; 51 people and 2 organizations have won, including ties and co-nominees. The organizations that have been nominated are: The British Fantasy Society, with one winning nomination; The Friends of Arthur Machen, with one unsuccessful nomination; and Fedogan & Bremer, with one win out of three nominations. Stuart David Schiff has received the most awards at four wins out of six nominations, for his work at Whispers magazine and Whispers Press. R. B. Russell has won four times out of nine nominations, and Rosalie Parker four out of seven, for their work at Tartarus Press. Three other individuals have won twice: Paul C. Allen out of three nominations for Fantasy Newsletter, Richard Chizmar out of seven for Cemetery Dance and Cemetery Dance Publications, and W. Paul Ganley out of ten for Weirdbook and Weirdbook Press. Ganley's ten nominations are the most of anyone, followed by Stephen Jones with nine, winning once, for Fantasy Tales and other work, and David Sutton with one win out of seven nominations for Fantasy Tales. They are followed by Scott H. Andrews with six for his work at Beneath Ceaseless Skies, the most nominations without winning.

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