Donald F. Glut

Donald F. Glut (/ɡluːt/; born February 19, 1944)[1] is an American writer, motion picture film director, and screenwriter. He is best known for writing the novelization of the second Star Wars film, The Empire Strikes Back.

Donald F. Glut
BornFebruary 19, 1944 (age 75)
OccupationFilm director, screenwriter, writer
Years active1953–present
Notable work
The Empire Strikes Back novelization
Dagar the Invincible
The Occult Files of Dr. Spektor
Tragg and the Sky Gods
AwardsInkpot Award 1980


Amateur career

From 1953 to 1969, Glut made a total of 41 amateur films, on subjects ranging from dinosaurs, to unauthorized adaptations of such characters as Superman, The Spirit, and Spider-Man.[2]

Due to publicity he received in the pages of Forrest J Ackerman's magazine Famous Monsters of Filmland, Glut was able to achieve a degree of notoriety based on his work. This allowed him to increase the visibility of his films by obtaining the services of known actors such as Kenne Duncan and Glenn Strange, who reprised his most famous role as the Frankenstein Monster for Glut.

His final amateur film was 1969's Spider-Man, after which he moved into professional work full-time.

On October 3, 2006 Epoch Cinema released a two-DVD set of all 41 of Glut's amateur films titled I Was A Teenage Moviemaker. The total running time of both DVDs is 480 minutes, and includes a documentary about the making of those films, with interviews with Forrest J Ackerman, Randal Kleiser, Bob Burns, Jim Harmon, Scott Shaw, Paul Davids, Bill Warren, and others.[3]

Professional career

Over the next decades, Glut pursued a variety of professions in the entertainment field. He worked heavily as a screenwriter, mostly in children's television on shows such as Shazam!, Land of the Lost, Spider-Man, Transformers, Challenge of the GoBots, Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, DuckTales, Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle, The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians, G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero, X-Men, and many more.

He also claimed to have created some of the characters and much of the back story for the Masters of the Universe toy line, which served as the basis for the TV show.[4]

With the release of 1996's Dinosaur Valley Girls, Glut began a professional directing career that has seen him helm several exploitation-style films, such as The Erotic Rites of Countess Dracula (2001), The Mummy's Kiss (2003), Countess Dracula's Orgy of Blood (2004), The Mummy's Kiss: 2nd Dynasty (2006), and Blood Scarab (2007).[5]


In addition to the Empire Strikes Back novelization published in 1980 and still in print, Glut has written approximately 65 published books, both novels and nonfiction, plus numerous children's books based on franchises. Many of his nonfiction books have been about dinosaurs, including Dinosaur Dictionary and the Dinosaurs: The Encyclopedia series of reference works.

Glut created and wrote several series for Western Publishing's line of Gold Key Comics including The Occult Files of Dr. Spektor,[6] Dagar the Invincible,[7] and Tragg and the Sky Gods.[8] At Marvel Comics, he wrote Captain America, The Invaders, Kull the Destroyer, Solomon Kane, Star Wars, and What If...?. His work for Warren Publishing included Creepy, Eerie, and Vampirella.[9]


  • The Frankenstein Legend: A Tribute to Mary Shelley and Boris Karloff (1973)
  • The Dracula Book (1975)
  • Spawn (#43) (1976)
  • The Great Television Heroes (1975)
  • The Dinosaur Scrapbook (1980)
  • The Empire Strikes Back (1980)
  • The Dinosaur Dictionary (1988)
  • Classic Movie Monsters (1991)
  • The Complete Dinosaur Dictionary (1992)
  • Chomper (Dinotopia, No. 11) (2000)
  • Jurassic Classics: A Collection of Saurian Essays and Mesozoic Musings (2000)
  • The Frankenstein Archive: Essays on the Monster, the Myth, the Movies, and More (2002)
  • True Vampires of History (2004)
  • True Werewolves of History (2004)
  • Shock Theatre, Chicago Style: WBKB-TV's Late Night Horror Showcase, 1957-1959 (2012)


Glut received an Inkpot Award in 1980.[10]

Comics bibliography

Archie Comics

Charlton Comics

DC Comics

Gold Key Comics/Western Publishing

Marvel Comics

Now Comics

Skywald Publications

  • Psycho #8 (1972)

Warren Publishing

  • Creepy #29–32, 42 (1969–1971)
  • Eerie #25, 30, 32, 36, 39–41, 51, 125 (1969–1981)
  • Vampirella #1–5, 8–9, 16, 18–19, 23, 37, 90, Annual #1 (1969–1980)


  1. ^ Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on October 30, 2010.
  2. ^ Sims, Chris (June 22, 2012). "The Surprisingly Coherent Spider-Man Fan Film From 1969". ComicsAlliance. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. It’s an 11-minute fan-film produced by Donald Glut in 1969, in which Spider-Man (played, of course, by Glut) battles against a supervillain called 'Dr. Lightning'.
  3. ^ Galbraith IV, Stuart (October 3, 2006). "I Was A Teenage Movie Maker: Don Glut's Amateur Movies". DVD Talk. Archived from the original on August 18, 2010. Donald F. Glut's amateur movies, shot between 1953 and 1969, acquired a kind of legendary status over the years partly because the films, with titles like Son of Tor and Spy Smasher vs. the Purple Monster, were frequently mentioned in the pages of Famous Monsters of Filmland and Fantastic Monsters.
  4. ^ Melrose, Kevin (March 10, 2014). "Mattel wins fight with comics writer over He-Man rights". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 15, 2015.
  5. ^ Khosla, Abhay (March 31, 2010). "An Interview with Donald Glut". Savage Critics. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015.
  6. ^ Markstein, Don (2007). "Doctor Spektor". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on October 26, 2015. Dr. Adam Spektor, a researcher of the supernatural, was introduced in Mystery Comics Digest #5 (July, 1972)...The story was written by Don Glut...and drawn by Dan Spiegle.
  7. ^ Markstein, Don (2009). "Dagar the Invincible". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on October 26, 2015. Dagar started as a non-series character, the hero of a story that writer Don Glut...wrote for Gold Key's Mystery Comics Digest.
  8. ^ Markstein, Don (2007). "Tragg and the Sky Gods". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on October 26, 2015. Writer Don Glut...and artist Jesse Santos...supplied the comic, in which aliens from interstellar space had a profound effect on a tribe of Stone Age people.
  9. ^ Donald F. Glut at the Grand Comics Database
  10. ^ "Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.

Further reading

  • "The Occult Files of Donald F. Glut: An Interview with the Creator of Dr. Spektor". Interview by Scott Aaron Stine. Trashfiend vol. 1, no. 3 (Jan.-March 2003) pp. 20–23.

External links

Preceded by
Doug Moench
Kull the Destroyer writer
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Roy Thomas
What If...? writer
Succeeded by
Roy Thomas
Preceded by
Roy Thomas
Captain America writer
Succeeded by
Steve Gerber
Atom Man vs. Superman

Atom Man vs. Superman is a 1950 Columbia Pictures film serial and the second Superman movie serial featuring Kirk Alyn as Superman. When Lex Luthor blackmail the city of Metropolis by threatening to destroy the entire community, Perry White, editor of the Daily Planet assigns Lois Lane, Jimmy Olsen and Clark Kent to cover the story.

Batman (serial)

Batman (or The Batman) is a 1943 black-and-white 15-chapter theatrical serial from Columbia Pictures, produced by Rudolph C. Flothow, directed by Lambert Hillyer, that stars Lewis Wilson as Batman and Douglas Croft as his sidekick Robin. The serial is based on the DC Comics character Batman, who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. The villain is an original character named Dr. Daka, a secret agent of the Japanese Imperial government, played by J. Carrol Naish. Rounding out the cast are Shirley Patterson as Linda Page, Bruce Wayne's love interest, and William Austin as Alfred, the Wayne Manor butler.

The serial's storyline involves the Batman, a secret U. S. government agent, attempting to defeat the sabotage schemes of Japanese agent Dr. Daka operating in Gotham City at the height of World War II. Serving Daka are his traitorous American henchmen.

Batman is notable for being the first appearance on film of Batman and for debuting serial story details that quickly became permanent parts of the Batman comic's mythos: the Bat's Cave and its secret entrance through a grandfather clock inside Wayne Manor. The serial also changed the course of how Alfred Pennyworth's physical appearance was depicted in Batman stories. At the time Batman was released in theaters, Alfred was a portly gentleman in the comics. Subsequent issues suddenly portrayed Alfred as trim and sporting a thin mustache, following actor William Austin's portrayal.

The serial was commercially successful and in 1949, four years after World War II, spawned another Columbia chapter serial, Batman and Robin. The entire first Batman serial was re-released theatrically in 1965 as An Evening with Batman and Robin, and proved very popular. (Some theatres showed the chapters as a Saturday matinee.) Its success inspired the action-comedy lampoon series Batman (and its 1966 theatrical feature film spin-off) starring Adam West and Burt Ward.

Dagar the Invincible

Tales of Sword and Sorcery Featuring Dagar the Invincible is a comic book series created by writer Donald F. Glut and artist Jesse Santos for Western Publishing's Gold Key Comics line.

Doctor Spektor

Doctor Spektor is a fictional comic book "occult detective" that appeared in Western Publishing's Gold Key Comics. Created by writer Donald F. Glut and artist Dan Spiegle, he first appeared in Mystery Comics Digest #5 (July 1972).

Gang Busters (serial)

Gang Busters is a 1942 Universal movie serial based on the radio series Gang Busters.

King of the Texas Rangers

King of the Texas Rangers (1941) is a Republic film serial.

King of the Texas Rangers is slightly anachronistic in that it features a mix of period western and modern elements, which was not unknown in the B-Western films also produced by Republic. In this case, Cowboys vs. Nazis. Although the serial's plot involves Nazi agents in Texas, this serial predates America's entry into World War II. The Nazis are never named as such but it is strongly implied within the serial

King of the Wild

King of the Wild is a 1931 American Pre-Code Mascot movie serial.

Larry Ivie

Larry Ivie (1936–2014) was an American comics artist, writer, and collector who was active in comics fandom in the middle part of the 20th century, described by comics historian Bill Schelly as "the closest thing to an authority on comics that was available in the 1950's." He provided painted covers and other editorial material for early issues of Castle of Frankenstein magazine, then self-published the seven issues of his own newsstand magazine Monsters and Heroes, for which he drew comic stories of his own superhero Altron Boy, in the mid-to-late '60s; had his art published in the magazines Galaxy Science Fiction and If, co-created the comic book T.H.U.N.D.E.R. Agents, and wrote several stories for Marvel Comics and the horror magazines Creepy and Eerie. Born in Salt Lake City, Utah, to biologist Wilton Ivie and his wife Aleen, he moved to New York City in the mid 1950s to attend the School of Visual Arts, and with a large personal library of comic books and correspondence via fanzines became a prominent part of New York comics fan culture. He also made amateur films of superheros, influencing the amateur films of Donald F. Glut and appearing in two of his films. Ivie died of lung cancer in January 2014, aged 77.

Perils of Nyoka

Perils of Nyoka is a 1942 Republic serial directed by William Witney. It starred Kay Aldridge as Nyoka the Jungle Girl, a character who first appeared in the Edgar Rice Burroughs-inspired serial Jungle Girl.

Prince Barin

Prince Barin is a character in the Flash Gordon stories. He is king of a region of Mongo called Arboria. Barin becomes one of Flash's best friends, and is deeply in love with Princess Aura. In his appearance, Barin resembles the character of Robin Hood.Barin appears regularly in the Flash Gordon comic strip, becoming the ruler of Mongo after Ming's overthrow. When he first appears he is a leader of the resistance and forces Flash to fight Zarkov, but impressed with his bravery he lets them both live. Later he disguises himself and enters a Tournament of Mongo hoping to win Princess Aura, however is forced to fight Flash. When his identity is revealed in the final bout the people ask for both to be given Kingdoms. Barin is able to marry the Princess and is given the Kingdom of the Trees despite it being unconquered.

Riders of Death Valley

Riders of Death Valley is a 1941 Universal movie serial. It was a high budget serial with an all-star cast led by Dick Foran and Buck Jones. Ford Beebe and Ray Taylor directed.

Spider-Man (1969 film)

Spider-Man is a 1969 American superhero short film that was directed by Donald F. Glut. It is an unauthorized fan film, one of several made by Glut and the last one of its type that he created. The short was later released along with several of Glut's other shorts as a special feature of I Was a Teenage Movie Maker, a 2006 documentary about Glut. The short's plot centers around Spider-Man, who must rescue a woman from her father, the devious villain Dr. Lightning, an original character Glut created for the film.Filming took place in Glut's apartment home as well as at Bronson Canyon, and Glut achieved the wall-climbing scenes by turning the camera sideways. He also utilized other effects such as stop-motion animation and backwards photography, as well as the use of miniature figures. Glut initially screened the film at the home of Michael Nesmith, a friend of his, and later persuaded a projectionist into showing the short at a theater showing student shorts from the University of Southern California.


Teela is a fictional character from the Masters of the Universe franchise. She is the Captain of the Royal Guard at the palace of Eternos and thus responsible for training and protecting Prince Adam of Eternia. While Adam is He-Man, Teela often assists him in his battles, but she is unaware of his alternate identity. Teela is one of the first characters developed for Masters of the Universe, although her figure was released in the second half of the first wave. Writer Donald F. Glut named her after Gunga Ram's elephant from the

Andy's Gang television show.

The Adventures of Frank Merriwell (serial)

The Adventures of Frank Merriwell (1936) is a Universal movie serial based on the Frank Merriwell books by Gilbert Patten.

The Call of the Savage

The Call of the Savage (1935) is a Universal serial based on the story Jan of the Jungle by Otis Adelbert Kline. It was directed by Lew Landers and released by Universal Pictures.

The Empire Strikes Back (novel)

The Empire Strikes Back is a science fiction novel written by Donald F. Glut and first published on April 12, 1980 by Del Rey. It is based on the script of the film of the same name. Along with the film, it introduces new characters, most notably Lando Calrissian and Boba Fett (though Fett had been seen in the earlier low-canon Star Wars Holiday Special).

Glut's novelization was originally released in two forms; a standard edition and a special Young Readers' Edition that was condensed into 150 pages. Initial printings of both versions contained 8 pages of color photographs in the middle of the book.

The Phantom of the Air

The Phantom of the Air is a 12-episode 1933 Pre-Code Universal movie serial directed by Ray Taylor. The film stars Tom Tyler, Gloria Shea, LeRoy Mason, Craig Reynolds and William Desmond.

The Three Musketeers (1933 serial)

The Three Musketeers is a 1933 American Pre-Code film serial directed by Armand Schaeffer and Colbert Clark and produced by Mascot Pictures. It was loosely based on Dumas' novel The Three Musketeers, with the musketeers becoming three soldiers in the French Foreign Legion, and d'Artagnan being reconfigured as Lt. Tom Wayne (played by John Wayne), a pilot in the United States military. Raymond Hatton, Francis X. Bushman, Jr. and Jack Mulhall play the three soldiers. In 1946, Favorite Films Corporation edited the serial into a feature film called Desert Command.

Tragg and the Sky Gods

Tragg and the Sky Gods was a comic book title published by Gold Key Comics in the mid-1970s. The series was created by writer Donald F. Glut and artist Jesse Santos. Later, artist Dan Spiegle would work on the title.

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