Don Siegelman

Donald Eugene Siegelman (/ˈsiːɡəlmən/; born February 24, 1946) is a former American politician, lawyer and convicted felon who held several elected offices in the state of Alabama.

He served one term as the 51st Governor of Alabama from 1999 to 2003. As of 2018, Siegelman is the last member of the Democratic Party, as well as the only Roman Catholic, to serve as Governor of Alabama.

He is the only person in the history of Alabama to be elected to serve in all four of the top statewide elected offices: Secretary of State, Attorney General, Lieutenant Governor and Governor. He served in Alabama politics for 26 years.

In 2006 Siegelman was convicted on federal felony corruption charges and sentenced to seven years in federal prison.[1]

But following the trial, many questions were raised by both Democrats and Republicans, and allegations of prosecutorial misconduct in his case.[2][3]

On March 6, 2009, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld key bribery, conspiracy and obstruction counts against Siegelman and refused his request for a new trial.

In October 2015, more than 100 former attorneys general and officials, both Democratic and Republican, contended that his prosecution was marred by prosecutorial misconduct; they have petitioned the United States Supreme Court to review the case.[4] Siegelman was released from prison on February 8, 2017, and is on supervised probation.

Don Siegelman
Don Siegelman at Netroots Nation 2008
51st Governor of Alabama
In office
January 18, 1999 – January 20, 2003
LieutenantSteve Windom
Preceded byFob James
Succeeded byBob Riley
26th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
In office
January 16, 1995 – January 18, 1999
GovernorFob James
Preceded byJim Folsom
Succeeded bySteve Windom
43rd Attorney General of Alabama
In office
January 19, 1987 – January 21, 1991
GovernorGuy Hunt
Preceded byCharles Graddick
Succeeded byJimmy Evans
44th Secretary of State of Alabama
In office
January 15, 1979 – January 17, 1987
GovernorFob James
George Wallace
Preceded byAgnes Baggett
Succeeded byGlen Browder
Personal details
Born
Donald Eugene Siegelman

February 24, 1946 (age 72)
Mobile, Alabama, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Lori Allen (m. 1980)
Alma materUniversity of Alabama (BA)
Georgetown University (JD)
University of Oxford
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Air National Guard
Years of service1968–1969

Personal life and early career

Siegelman was born and raised in Mobile, Alabama, the son of Catherine Andrea (née Schottgen) and Leslie Bouchet Siegelman, and[5] raised in the Roman Catholic faith.

He earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Alabama, where he was a brother of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Psi chapter), in 1968.

He earned a law degree from Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., in 1972. He studied international law at the University of Oxford from 1972 to 1973.[6]

While at the University of Alabama, Siegelman served as the president of the student government association. While in law school, Siegelman worked as an officer in the United States Capitol Police to meet his expenses.

Siegelman married Lori Allen, and they have two children, Dana and Joseph. His wife is Jewish and they reared their children in the Jewish faith.[7]

He has studied martial arts for decades and holds a black belt in World Oyama karate. His son, Joseph, was the Democratic nominee for Attorney General of Alabama in the 2018 election, losing to incumbent Steve Marshall.[8]

Political career

After college and graduate school, Siegelman became active in the Democratic Party in Alabama. In 1978, he was elected Secretary of State of Alabama. He served two terms as secretary of state, serving from 1979 to 1987.

He was elected as state attorney general in 1986, serving from 1987 to 1991. He ran for governor in 1990 but lost in the Democratic primary runoff to Paul Hubbert, the executive secretary of the Alabama Education Association. Siegelman was elected as lieutenant governor in 1994, serving from 1995 to 1999.

In 1998, Siegelman won election to governor with 57% of the vote, including more than 90% of the African-American electorate. He was the first native Mobilian to be elected to the state's highest office. By that time, following passage by Congress in the mid-1960s of civil rights legislation, most African Americans in the South supported Democratic Party statewide and national candidates.

In 1988 as state attorney general, Siegelman had addressed the Alabama Chemical Association and met with Monsanto lobbyists. The state gave permission for Monsanto to direct their own cleanup of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) at their plant in Anniston, Alabama.

The waterways of the town had been polluted by PCBs from the plant. This work has been strongly criticized as inadequate. For instance, Monsanto dredged PCBs from just a few hundred yards of Snow Creek and its tributaries.[9]

Governorship

Siegelman's term as governor took place during and contributed to the dramatic growth in Alabama's automotive manufacturing industry. Mercedes-Benz had built the first new major automotive plant during the administration of Governor Jim Folsom, Jr.. During Siegelman's administration, Mercedes agreed to double the size of that plant.

Siegelman worked to recruit other manufacturers, visiting several countries and securing commitments from Toyota, Honda,[10] and Hyundai[11][12] to build major assembly plants in Alabama.

Siegelman presided over eight executions (seven by electric chair, one by lethal injection), including that of Lynda Lyon Block, the first female executed in the state since 1957. He also oversaw the transition from electrocution as a sole method to lethal injection as the primary method.

State lottery and universal education

Siegelman had campaigned for voter approval of a state lottery. The proceeds were to be earmarked to fund free tuition at state universities for most high school graduates. Siegelman supported a bill that placed the lottery on a free-standing referendum ballot in 1999. The measure was defeated.[13] Some advisers had suggested that Siegelman wait until the regular 2000 elections, when anti-gambling interests would command a smaller percentage of the electorate.

After the defeat of the lottery, Siegelman struggled to deal with serious state budget problems. Alabama's tax revenues were down during most of his administration. Observers believed that Siegelman did a decent job of managing the limited revenue produced by this system during a national economic downturn.

Siegelman launched the "Alabama Reading Initiative", an early education literacy program that was praised by both Democratic and Republican officials. It has been emulated by several other states.

2002 election controversy

U.S. Representative Bob Riley defeated Siegelman in his November 2002 reelection bid by the narrowest margin in Alabama history: approximately 3,000 votes.

On the night of the election, Siegelman was initially declared the winner by the Associated Press. Later, a voting machine malfunction in Baldwin County was claimed to have produced the votes needed to give Riley the election.

Democratic Party officials objected, stating that the recount had been performed by local Republican election officials after Democratic observers had left the site of the vote counting. This rendered verification of the recount results impossible. The state's Attorney General, Republican Bill Pryor, affirmed the recounted vote totals, securing Riley's election. Pryor denied requests for a manual recount of the disputed vote; he warned that opening the sealed votes to recount them would be held a criminal offense.[14]

Analysts said that perhaps the most objective observation about this purported vote shift was that there was no corresponding vote shift in other issues and candidates on these same ballots, a shift that would be expected if they were anti-Siegelman voters. Largely as a result of this obvious inconsistency, the Alabama Legislature amended the election code to provide for automatic, supervised recounts in close races.[15]

2006 election

Siegelman ran to become the Democratic nominee for the Alabama gubernatorial election, 2006; however, he was defeated in the primary by Lt. Governor Lucy Baxley, former wife of the controversial 1986 gubernatorial nominee, former attorney general and lieutenant governor Bill Baxley. In large part because of Siegelman's indictment for bribery and racketeering, Baxley was able to secure important endorsements from the Alabama Democratic Conference, the New South Coalition, and the Alabama State Employees Association. Although outspent by Siegelman, and criticized on her call for a raise of the state's minimum wage by $1, Baxley coasted to a relatively easy primary win of 60% to Siegelman's 36%. She lost the general election for governor later that year to Republican Bob Riley, 42-58 percent.

Federal prosecution

2004 trial

On May 27, 2004, Siegelman was indicted by the federal government for fraud. The day after his trial began in October 2004, prosecutors dropped all charges after U.S. District Judge U. W. Clemon had thrown out much of the prosecution's evidence, stating that no new charges could be refiled based on the disallowed evidence.[16]

2006 conviction

On October 26, 2005, Siegelman was indicted on new charges of bribery and mail fraud in connection with Richard M. Scrushy, founder and former CEO of HealthSouth. Two former Siegelman aides were charged in the indictment as well. Siegelman was accused of trading government favors for campaign donations as lieutenant governor from 1995 to 1999, and as governor from 1999 to 2003.

Scrushy was accused of arranging $500,000 in donations to Siegelman's 1999 campaign for a state lottery fund for universal education, in exchange for a seat on a state hospital regulatory board, a non-paying position. Scrushy had been appointed and served on the state hospital regulatory board during the past three Republican administrations. He had been acquitted in 2005 of charges of securities fraud for his part in the HealthSouth Corporation fraud scandal which cost shareholders billions.[17]

During his trial, Siegelman continued his campaign for reelection, running in the Democratic primary against Lt. Governor Lucy Baxley and minor candidates. On June 6, despite Baxley's relatively low-profile campaign, she defeated Siegelman with almost 60% of the vote compared to Siegelman's 36%.[18]

On June 29, 2006, three weeks after Siegelman lost the primary, a federal jury found both Siegelman and Scrushy guilty on seven of the 33 felony counts in the indictment. Two co-defendants, Siegelman's former chief of staff, Paul Hamrick and his transportation director, Mack Roberts, were acquitted of all charges. Siegelman was convicted on one count of bribery, one count of conspiracy to commit honest services mail fraud, four counts of honest services mail fraud, and one count of obstruction of justice.[19]

Siegelman was acquitted on 25 counts, including the indictment's allegations of a widespread RICO conspiracy.[20] Siegelman was represented by Mobile attorneys Vince Kilborn and David McDonald, along with Greenwood attorney Hiram Eastland and Notre Dame law professor G. Robert Blakey, an authority on RICO. Siegelman was sentenced by Judge Mark Everett Fuller, a George W. Bush appointee, to more than seven years in federal prison and a $50,000 fine.[1]

Siegelman said in his defense that Scrushy had been on the board of the state hospital regulatory board during several preceding Republican governorships. He said that Scrushy's contribution toward the campaign for a state lottery fund for universal education was unrelated to his appointment. Siegelman and his attorneys said that the charges against him, in addition to being unfounded, were without precedent.[1]

Scrushy was released from federal prison in April 2012. He resided in a Houston, Texas halfway house until he was released on July 25, 2012.[21][22]

Release from federal prison

On Thursday, March 27, 2008, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals approved Siegelman's release from federal prison while he appealed his conviction in the corruption case. He was released on Friday March 28.[23]

Siegelman told the Democratic National Committee that he believed Karl Rove should be held in contempt for refusing to testify before the House committee that investigated Siegelman's conviction.[24] No action against Rove was taken.

2009 appeal

On March 6, 2009, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld key bribery, conspiracy and obstruction counts against Siegelman and refused his request for a new trial. It found no evidence that the conviction was unjust.

But, the Court struck down two of the seven charges on which Siegelman was convicted and ordered a new sentencing hearing.[25] His sentence was reduced by 10 months, leaving him with 69 months.[26]

2014 appeal

After several delays requested by Siegelman, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals heard Siegelman's appeal for a new trial in May 2015. Arguments had originally been expected in October 2014.[27][28] The Court upheld the decision of a lower court to deny appeal.[29]

Appeal issues

Witness Nick Bailey, who provided the cornerstone testimony upon which the conviction was based, was subsequently convicted of extortion. Facing 10 years in prison, Bailey had cooperated with prosecutors to lighten his own sentence.

Although he engaged in more than 70 interviews with the prosecution against Siegelman, none of the notes detailing these interviews was shared with the defense. In addition, after the case was tried, it was confirmed that the check which Bailey testified to seeing Scrushy write for Siegelman, was written days later, when he was not present.[30][31]

Juror partiality

Documents indicated that prosecutors interviewed two jurors while the court was reviewing charges of juror misconduct. This was in violation of the judge's instruction that no contact with jurors should occur without his permission.

Karl Rove connection

There were allegations that Siegelman's prosecution was politically motivated. Purportedly Bush-appointed officials at the Justice Department had pressed for the prosecution, as did Leura Canary, a U.S. Attorney in Montgomery, Alabama. Her husband was Alabama's top Republican operative and he had for years worked closely with Karl Rove, part of the George W. Bush White House staff. The federal court approved the release of Siegelman on bail.[32]

In June 2006, a Republican lawyer, Dana Jill Simpson of Rainsville, Alabama, signed an affidavit, claiming that, five years earlier, she had heard that Rove was preparing to neutralize Siegelman politically with an investigation headed by the U.S. Department of Justice.[33]

Simpson later told The Birmingham News that her affidavit's wording could be interpreted in two ways. She said she had written her affidavit herself. But, in testimony before a Congressional committee on this case, she said that she had help on it from a Siegelman supporter.[34]

According to Simpson's statement, she was on a Republican campaign conference call in 2002 when she heard Bill Canary tell other campaign workers not to worry about Siegelman. He said that Canary's "girls" and "Karl" would make sure the Justice Department pursued the Democrat so he was not a political threat in the future.[33]

"Canary's girls" supposedly included his wife, Leaura Canary, US Attorney for the Middle District of Alabama, and Alice Martin, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Alabama.[33] Leaura Canary did not submit voluntary recusal paperwork until two months after Siegelman attorney David Cromwell Johnson's press conference in March 2002, at which he criticized her participation because of her husband's political role.[35][36]

In interviews with the press, Simpson has reiterated that she heard Rove's name mentioned in a phone conversation in which the discussion turned to Siegelman. She clarified that she heard someone involved in a 2002 conference call refer to a meeting between Rove and Justice Department officials on the subject of Siegelman, and revealed that Rove directed her to "catch Siegelman cheating on his wife".[30]

Raw Story reported in 2007 that Rove had advised Bill Canary on managing Republican Bob Riley's gubernatorial campaign against Siegelman, including during the election fraud controversy of 2002. This was based on the testimony of "two Republican lawyers who have asked to remain anonymous for fear of retaliation", one of whom is close to Alabama's Republican National Committee.[37]

Simpson's house burned down soon after she began to speak out about the Siegelman case. She claimed her car was forced off the road by a private investigator and wrecked but police investigations of the fire and the wreck found no evidence of foul play. Simpson said, "Anytime you speak truth to power, there are great risks. I've been attacked."[38] She told a reporter for The Nation that she felt a "moral obligation" to speak up.[38]

Alleged misconduct by attorney general

In November 2008, new documents revealed alleged misconduct by the Bush-appointed U.S. attorney and other prosecutors in the Siegelman/Scrushy case. There were allegations that extensive and unusual contact occurred between the prosecution and the jury.[32] According to Time, a Department of Justice staffer furnished the new documents at the risk of losing her job. The documents included e-mails written by Laura Canary, long after her recusal, offering legal advice to subordinates handling the case. At the time Canary wrote the e-mails, her husband was publicly supporting the state's Republican governor, Bob Riley. In one of Laura Canary's e-mails made public by Time, dated September 19, 2005, she forwarded senior prosecutors on the Siegelman case a three-page political commentary by Siegelman.

Canary highlighted a single passage, telling her subordinates,

Y'all need to read, because he refers to a 'survey' which allegedly shows that 67% of Alabamians believe the investigation of him to be politically motivated ... Perhaps [this is] grounds not to let [Siegelman] discuss court activities in the media!

At Siegelman's sentencing, the prosecutors urged the judge to use these public statements by Siegelman as grounds for increasing his prison sentence.[32]

Public reaction

In July 2007, 44 former state attorneys general, both Democrats and Republicans, filed a petition to the House and Senate Judiciary Committees requesting further investigation of the Siegelman prosecution.[39][40]

On July 17, 2007, House Judiciary Committee Chairman John Conyers (D, MI-14) and Reps. Linda Sánchez (D, CA-39), Artur Davis (D, AL-07), and Tammy Baldwin (D, WI-02) sent a letter to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, asking him to provide documents and information about former Alabama Democratic Governor Don Siegelman's recent conviction, among others, that may have been part of a pattern of selective political prosecutions by a number of U.S. Attorneys across the country. The deadline for the Attorney General's office to provide the information to Congress was July 27, 2007. The documents had not been produced by August 28, 2007, when Gonzales announced that he would resign.[41] In an editorial that day, The New York Times said that despite Gonzales' departure, "[M]any questions remain to be answered. High on the list: what role politics played in dubious prosecutions, like those of former Gov. Don Siegelman of Alabama, and Georgia Thompson, a Wisconsin civil servant."[42] Press reports have suggested that perhaps U.S. Attorney Laura Canary did not follow proper Department of Justice procedures in recusing herself from the Siegelman matter. There were no court filings to that effect and DOJ refused to disclose her recusal form under a Freedom of Information Act inquiry.[43]

On October 10, 2007, the House Judiciary Committee released testimony in which Dana Jill Simpson alleged that Karl Rove "had spoken with the Department of Justice" about "pursuing" Siegelman with help from two of Alabama's U.S. attorneys, and that Governor Bob Riley had named the judge who was eventually assigned to the case. She also claimed that Riley told her the judge would "hang Don Siegelman." In contrast with what she told 60 Minutes, in her sworn testimony before Congress, she never mentioned having met or spoken with Rove.[44][45]

Wider public

Siegelman defenders note that more than 100 federal charges were thrown out by three different judges. Further, they argue that there was an obvious conflict of interest in the prosecution against Siegelman, since the investigating U.S. Attorney was married to the campaign manager of his political opponent in the 2002 gubernatorial campaign.[33] Siegelman defenders argue that the sentence is unprecedented and the punishment excessive. By contrast, former Alabama Governor H. Guy Hunt, a Republican, was found guilty in state court of personally pocketing $200,000. State prosecutors sought probation, not jail time, in the Hunt case.[33]

Federal Communications Commission investigation

60 Minutes aired an investigative segment on the case, "The Prosecution of Governor Siegelman", on February 24, 2008.[46]

During the broadcast, CBS affiliate WHNT-TV in Huntsville, Alabama, did not air this segment of the program, claiming technical issues with the signal.[47]

Journalist and attorney Scott Horton of Harper's Magazine has stated that he contacted CBS News in New York regarding the issue. He said that representatives there said there were no transmission issues, and that WHNT had functioning transmitters at the time.[3]

Horton accused WHNT of a history of political hostility toward Siegelman. The station responded to the controversy by rebroadcasting the report later that night, and again the next day.[48]

In March 2008, the Federal Communications Commission began an investigation into why the north Alabama television station went dark during the February 24, 2008 broadcast of the "60 Minutes" installment.[49] The investigation resulted in no action.

Siegelman sentenced

On August 3, 2012, Siegelman was sentenced to more than six years in prison, a $50,000 fine, and 500 hours of community service. Siegelman was credited with time served, leaving 5 years, nine months remaining in his sentence. His daughter, Dana, initiated an online petition requesting a presidential pardon for Siegelman. At the re-sentencing, the judge told Siegelman that he did not hold this against him personally and wished him well with his sentence. The judge gave Siegelman until September 11 to report to prison. Richard Scrushy had not been released on bail, and has since served all his time.

Siegelman was released from prison on supervised probation on February 8, 2017.[50]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Ex-governor of Alabama Gets 7 Years in Corruption Case", Los Angeles Times, June 29, 2007, p. A15 Archived October 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Did Ex-Alabama Governor Get A Raw Deal? 60 Minutes Reports On Bribery Conviction Of Don Siegelman In A Case Criticized by Democrats And Republicans", CBS News, February 24, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Scott Horton (February 24, 2008). "CBS: More Prosecutorial Misconduct in Siegelman case". Harper's Magazine. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  4. ^ "More than 100 former attorneys general ask US Supreme Court to review Siegelman sentence", Alabama Local News, October 22, 2015.
  5. ^ Alabama Official and Statistical Register - Alabama. Dept. of Archives and History - Google Books. Books.google.ca. 1979. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  6. ^ "How the World Changed After 9/11 - Speaker List". Howtheworldchanged.org. 2012-05-16. Retrieved 2013-04-30.
  7. ^ "Don Siegelman on the Issues". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  8. ^ https://www.al.com/news/index.ssf/2018/02/joseph_siegelman_son_of_ex-gov.html
  9. ^ Grunwald, Michael (August 21, 2012). "Monsanto Hid Decades Of Pollution PCBs Drenched Ala. Town, But No One Was Ever Told". Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
  10. ^ "Honda Announces Major Plant Expansion," Talladega Daily Home, 10 July 2002
  11. ^ "Hyundai Announcement Ends Long Fight," The Montgomery Advertiser, 02 April 2002, p. A1
  12. ^ "Hyundai News". Hyundai News. Archived from the original on March 15, 2006. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  13. ^ "Voters Say No, Now What?". Birmingham Post-Herald. 14 October 1999. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  14. ^ "The Changing of the Guards: Bay Minette, Election Night". Baldwincountynow.com. July 20, 2007. Archived from the original on June 19, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  15. ^ "Alabama Code § 17-16-20". Alisondb.legislature.state.al.us. Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  16. ^ "Siegelman Fraud Case Dismissed", The Huntsville Times, October 9, 2004, pg. 1A.
  17. ^ "HealthSouth to Settle S.E.C. Charges; Scrushy Jury Pauses" The New York Times, 09 June 2005, p. C3
  18. ^ "Alabama Secretary of State: 2006 Democratic Primary Certification" (PDF). Sos.state.al.us. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 7, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  19. ^ "Department of Justice press release". Usdoj.gov. June 29, 2006. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  20. ^ View all comments that have been posted about this article. (June 29, 2006). "Jury Convicts HealthSouth Founder in Bribery Trial". The Washington Post. p. D1. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  21. ^ Lyman, Brian (July 26, 2012). "Scrushy released from custody". Montgomery Advertiser. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
  22. ^ Hutchens, Aaron (2012-07-26). "Richard Scrushy released from federal custody". Alabama's 13. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
  23. ^ "Freed Ex-Governor of Alabama Talks of Abuse of Power", The New York Times, March 29, 2008, pg. A13
  24. ^ "Siegelman Pleads His Case At DNC". Wkrg.com. Associated Press. August 25, 2008. Archived from the original on November 19, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  25. ^ "Around the Nation". The Washington Post. March 7, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  26. ^ "Don Siegelman returns to prison Tuesday". The Birmingham News. 10 September 2012. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
  27. ^ Chandler, Kim (August 28, 2013). "Former Gov. Don Siegelman seeks new trial". AL.com.
  28. ^ "Siegelman's Appeal Set for October". WTOK-TV. July 24, 2014. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  29. ^ "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus DON EUGENE SIEGELMAN, Defendant-Appellant" (PDF). Media.ca11.uscourts.gov. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  30. ^ a b "Did Ex-Alabama Governor get a Raw Deal?". 60 Minutes. Cbsnews.com. February 24, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  31. ^ Adam Zagorin, "Selective Justice in Alabama?"; Time, October 4, 2007.
  32. ^ a b c Zagorin, Adam (November 14, 2008). "More Allegations of Misconduct in Alabama Governor Case". Time. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e [1]
  34. ^ Bob Sims, al.com. "In her own words: Jill Simpson interview excerpts". The Birmingham News. Blog.al.com. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  35. ^ "Siegelman Lawyer Says US Attorney Should Recuse Herself", The Bulletin's Frontrunner, March 26, 2002.
  36. ^ "Riley Denies Siegelman Case Claims", The Birmingham News, May 5, 2006, pg. 1B
  37. ^ Larisa Alexandrovna and Muriel Kane. "The Permanent Republican Majority: Part III – Running elections from the White House", The Raw Story, 2007.
  38. ^ a b Glynn Wilson (October 24, 2007). "A Whistleblower's Tale". The Nation. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  39. ^ Text of petition, including names of signers, at Don Siegelman website
  40. ^ "Introductory letter" (PDF). Donsiegelman.net. July 13, 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  41. ^ "Government Blog". Speaker.gov. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  42. ^ Editorial (August 28, 2007): "The House Lawyer Departs" The New York Times, p. A20
  43. ^ Scott Horton, (September 14, 2007). "The Remarkable 'Recusal' of Leura Canary". Harper's Magazine. Harpers.org. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  44. ^ Zagorin, Adam (October 10, 2007). "Rove Linked to Alabama Case". Time. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  45. ^ Interview of Dana Jill Simpson Archived October 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, September 1, 2007
  46. ^ "The Prosecution Of Governor Siegelman". 60 Minutes. CBS News. February 24, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  47. ^ "60 Minutes Programming Note," WHNT-TV, February 24, 2008 Archived November 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  48. ^ Triplett, William (March 4, 2008). "FCC questions '60 Minutes' blackout". Variety. p. 6. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  49. ^ "‘60 Minutes’ Blackout Investigation" Archived October 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine AP March 4, 2008
  50. ^ JAMES, ANDREW (8 February 2017). "Former Governor Don Siegelman Released from Federal Prison". Alabama News. Retrieved 11 February 2017.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Agnes Baggett
Secretary of State of Alabama
January 15, 1979 – January 19, 1987
Succeeded by
Glen Browder
Preceded by
Jim Folsom
Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
January 16, 1995 – January 18, 1999
Succeeded by
Steve Windom
Preceded by
Fob James
Governor of Alabama
January 18, 1999 – January 20, 2003
Succeeded by
Bob Riley
Legal offices
Preceded by
Charles Graddick
Attorney General of Alabama
January 19, 1987 – January 21, 1991
Succeeded by
Jimmy Evans
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim Folsom
Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
1994
Succeeded by
Dewayne Freeman
Preceded by
Jim Folsom
Democratic nominee for Governor of Alabama
1998, 2002
Succeeded by
Lucy Baxley
1990 Alabama gubernatorial election

The 1990 Alabama gubernatorial election was held on 6 November 1990 to select the governor of the state of Alabama. The election saw incumbent Republican governor Guy Hunt defeat Democrat Paul Hubbert, executive secretary of the Alabama Education Association.

1998 Alabama gubernatorial election

The Alabama gubernatorial election of 1998 was held on 3 November 1998 to select the Governor of Alabama. The election saw incumbent Governor Fob James (R) against Lieutenant Governor Don Siegelman (D). The result saw Don Siegelman win a decisive victory over Fob James. As of 2019, this is the most recent election in which a Democrat was elected Governor of Alabama.

2002 Alabama gubernatorial election

The U.S. state of Alabama held its 2002 election for governor on November 5. The race pitted incumbent Governor Don Siegelman, a Democrat, against Representative Bob Riley, a Republican, and Libertarian nominee John Sophocleus.

The result was an extremely narrow victory for Riley. The certified results showed Riley with 672,225 votes to Siegelman's 669,105 (a difference of 3,120 votes, or 0.23% of the 1,367,053 votes cast). Sophocleus garnered 23,272 votes, and 2,451 votes were for write-in candidates. Bob Riley defeated incumbent Governor Don Siegelman in a close and controversial election marked by high turnout. Riley was reelected in 2006.

2006 Alabama gubernatorial election

The Alabama gubernatorial election of 2006 occurred on November 7, 2006. Incumbent Republican Bob Riley defeated Democratic Lieutenant Governor Lucy Baxley. Riley garnered 21% of African Americans' votes.

2018 Alabama elections

A general election was held in the U.S. state of Alabama on November 6, 2018. All Alabama executive officers were up for election along with all of Alabama's seven seats in the United States House of Representatives. Primary elections took place on June 5, 2018, for both major parties.

Bill Canary

Bill Canary, also William Canary, is a Republican campaign consultant in Alabama. His wife, Leura Canary, was the United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama.

Canary is currently the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Business Council of Alabama. He continued in his position during Will Brooke's chairmanship of the BCA's board of directors.In 1994, Canary and Karl Rove waged a successful whispering campaign against a Supreme Court of Alabama justice using University of Alabama School of Law students. In another close election for the Supreme Court, Rove and Canary successfully halted the vote recount in poor areas of Alabama.Canary provided polling for Mike Hubbard during his first election campaign in 1998. The two men were friends and even went to a ZZ Top concert together. Canary was among those accused of bribing Hubbard once he became Speaker of the Alabama House of Representatives, and was made to testify at trial. Canary's charge was not among the 12 of the 23 felony counts on which Hubbard was convicted.

Bob Riley

Robert Renfroe Riley (born October 3, 1944) is an American politician and a member of the Republican Party who served as the 52nd Governor of Alabama from 2003 to 2011.

Brian Baldwin

Brian Baldwin (July 16, 1958 – June 18, 1999) was an African-American man from Charlotte, North Carolina, United States of America, who was executed in 1999 in Alabama. Many believe that he was wrongfully convicted and executed for the 1977 murder of a young white woman in Monroe County of that state. The only evidence against Baldwin in the murder was his own confession. He retracted it, saying that it was coerced by beatings and torture by the local police in Wilcox County, Alabama, where he was arrested. A 1985 letter by his co-defendant Edward Dean Horsley surfaced in 1996, after Horsley was executed for first-degree murder. He wrote that he had acted alone in the rape and murder of Naomi Rolon, and that Baldwin had not known of her death.

Death penalty opponents regard this case in which racial bias contributed to the wrongful conviction and execution of a man who did not commit Rolon's murder. The appeals process was marked by conflicts of interest. Governor Don Siegelman was petitioned for clemency on behalf of Baldwin before execution. Siegelman refused, saying that although he was "deeply troubled by some of the matters raised," he wrote "this matter does not rise to a level that warrants clemency."

Byron Franklin

Byron Paul Franklin (born September 3, 1958 in Florence, Alabama) is a former professional American football wide receiver in the NFL for the Buffalo Bills and Seattle Seahawks. He played college football at Auburn University. A native of Sheffield, Alabama, Franklin starred in football at Auburn from 1976–1980 and received a B.S. in vocational and distributive education in 1991. His professional football career lasted from 1981 to 1987. He served as assistant director of athletic development at AU from 1991-93. Appointed to the AU Board of Trustees by Gov. Don Siegelman, Franklin represented the 9th District from 1999 to 2012. During his term, he chaired the university Student Affairs committee.

Elections in Alabama

Elections in Alabama are authorized under the Alabama State Constitution, which establishes elections for the state level officers, cabinet, and legislature, and the election of county-level officers, including members of school boards.

The office of the Alabama Secretary of State has an Elections Division that oversees the execution of elections under state law.

Federal Correctional Institution, Oakdale

The Federal Correctional Institution, Oakdale (FCI Oakdale) is a low-security United States federal prison for male inmates in Louisiana. It is part of the Oakdale Federal Correctional Complex (FCC) and operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice.

The complex consists of two facilities:

Federal Correctional Institution, Oakdale (FCI Oakdale I): a low-security facility.

Federal Correctional Institution, Oakdale (FCI Oakdale II): a low-security facility.FCI Oakdale is located in central Louisiana, thirty-five miles south of Alexandria and fify-eight miles north of Lake Charles.

Flag of Alabama

The current flag of the state of Alabama (the second in Alabama state history) was adopted by Act 383 of the Alabama state legislature on February 16, 1895:

The flag of the State of Alabama shall be a crimson cross of St. Andrew on a field of white. The bars forming the cross shall be not less than six inches broad, and must extend diagonally across the flag from side to side." – (Code 1896, §3751; Code 1907, §2058; Code 1923, §2995; Code 1940, T. 55, §5.)

The cross of St. Andrew referred to in the law is a diagonal cross, known in vexillology as a saltire. Because the bars must be at least six inches (150 mm) wide, small representations of the Alabama flag do not meet the legal definition.

Leura Canary

Leura Garrett Canary was the United States Attorney for the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. She is married to career Republican activist William (Bill) Canary.

She graduated from Huntingdon College in 1978 and later attended law school at University of Alabama. Before becoming a US Attorney "Leura had been a career litigator, beginning as a civil litigator in the office of the attorney general for the State of Alabama." Canary was nominated for Alabama Middle District US Attorney General by George W. Bush on August 2, 2001, and confirmed by the United States Senate on November 6, 2001.

She has come under scrutiny concerning the prosecution of Don Siegelman, a former Democratic Alabama Governor, for conflicts of interest. She eventually recused herself, and turned the prosecution over to her assistant, Middle District US Attorney Franklin.On June 1, 2007 it became public knowledge that a Republican activist, lawyer Dana Jill Simpson of Rainsville, Alabama, filed a sworn statement suggesting Leura Canary was directed to use her office for political purposes.

Recently, as part of a broader national investigation into the Department of Justice, Congress requested documents related to the prosecution of former Governor Don Siegelman due July 28, 2007. These would include the recusal papers of Leura Canary. The DOJ has not yet complied with this request.

Lucy Baxley

Lucy Mae Bruner Baxley Smith (December 21, 1937 – October 14, 2016) was an American politician who served from 2003 to 2007 as the 28th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama and from 2009 until 2013 as President of the Alabama Public Service Commission. She was the first woman to hold the state's office of lieutenant governor. In 2006, she was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee for governor. In 2008, Lucy Baxley was elected President of the Alabama Public Service Commission, and was the only Democrat to win statewide that year. Until Democrat Doug Jones's victory over Republican Roy Moore in the 2017 U.S. Senate special election, Baxley was the most recent Democrat to hold statewide office in Alabama.

Mark Fuller

Mark Everett Fuller (born 1958, Enterprise, Alabama) is a former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. Fuller is most recognizable for presiding over the controversial case of former Alabama Governor Don Siegelman. On August 1, 2015, he resigned following a federal court investigation into allegations about spousal abuse.

Redding Pitt

Charles Redding Pitt (March 29, 1944 – February 7, 2016), was an American attorney and chairman of the Alabama Democratic Party.Pitt was born in Decatur, Alabama. He attended the University of Alabama and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1967. He was active in campaign for Robert F. Kennedy in the 1968 presidential election.

After graduating from college Pitt entered the officer corps of the United States Army, serving from 1969 to 1972 in Vietnam, where he attained the rank of captain and earned a Bronze Star. Later he served in the Office of the Chief of Staff for Intelligence in Washington, D.C.

Following his Army service, Pitt attended Boston College Law School and received his Juris Doctor in 1977, after which he returned to his home state and began his public career. Pitt served as Alabama's Assistant Attorney General from 1981 to 1991, and Chief Deputy Attorney General from 1991 to 1994. He also served as a legal advisor to several Alabama state government officials. From 1994 to 1998 he served as United States Attorney for the Middle District of Alabama.Later in his life, Pitt practiced law in Birmingham, Alabama. He was one of the attorneys of record for former Alabama Governor Don Siegelman during Siegelman's federal trial in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama on charges of bribery, mail fraud, and obstruction of justice. He also continued to serve campaigns for Democratic candidates, including his Boston College classmate John Kerry in 2004. He served on the Democratic National Committee and was elected in 2003 to chair the Alabama Democratic Party.

Pitt had one son, William Rivers Pitt, by his first wife, Jane H. Pitt. He was related to the 18th-century British Prime Minister William Pitt. He died on February 7, 2016 at the age of 71.

Richard Scrushy

Richard Marin Scrushy (born August 1952 in Selma, Alabama) is an American businessman and convicted felon. He is the founder of HealthSouth Corporation, a global healthcare company based in Birmingham, Alabama.In 2004, following an investigation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Scrushy had charges brought against him by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Scrushy was charged with 36 of the original 85 counts but was acquitted of all charges on June 28, 2005, after a jury trial in Birmingham.Four months after his acquittal in Birmingham, Scrushy was indicted along with former Alabama Governor Don Siegelman on October 28, 2005, by a federal grand jury in Montgomery, Alabama. The indictment included 30 counts of money laundering, extortion, obstruction of justice, racketeering, and bribery. Although the new charges were filed a month before the previous trial ended, Scrushy's attorneys accused prosecutors of filing charges as retaliation for Scrushy's acquittal. Scrushy pleaded not guilty to all charges, but was convicted along with Siegelman in June 2006.On May 7, 2009, Scrushy was transferred from the Texas jail where he had been incarcerated and placed in the custody of the Shelby County Jail in Columbiana, Alabama. Scrushy was returned to Alabama in order to testify in a new civil trial in the Jefferson County Circuit Court brought against him by shareholders of HealthSouth who sought damages related to Scrushy's trial and conviction. On June 18, 2009, Judge Allwin E. Horn ruled that Scrushy was responsible for HealthSouth’s fraud, and ordered him to pay $2.87 billion. On July 25, 2012, Scrushy was released from federal custody.

Ryan DeGraffenried

William Ryan deGraffenried, Jr. (April 2, 1950 – December 7, 2006) served as President Pro Tempore of the Alabama State Senate from 1987 to 1995.

DeGraffenried was a graduate of the University of Alabama and the Cumberland School of Law at Samford University. He represented Tuscaloosa in the Alabama State Senate from 1978 until 1994 and served as the President Pro Tempore of the Senate, from 1987 until 1994. He was elected to the Senate in a special election when then State Sen. Richard Shelby was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives to fill the vacancy of Walter Flowers.

After Governor H. Guy Hunt was removed from office due to criminal conviction, the Lieutenant Governor, Jim Folsom, Jr. became the new governor. DeGraffenried, as the President Pro Tempore of the state Senate, became next in line for the governorship for the remainder of the quadrennium.

DeGraffenried ran unsuccessfully for Lieutenant Governor in 1994, losing the Democratic primary to future Governor Don Siegelman. He then returned to practicing law in Tuscaloosa and later became a contract lobbyist.

His father, Ryan DeGraffenried, Sr., was also a notable Alabama politician.

He died unexpectedly of undisclosed natural causes in 2006 while attending a conference in Hoover, Alabama, aged 56.

Steve Windom

Stephen Ralph Windom (born November 6, 1949) is an American attorney, politician and member of the Republican Party who served as member of the Alabama State Senate from 1989 to 1998 and as the 27th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama from 1999 to 2003.

Windom's political career began in the Alabama State Senate, where he served for two terms and an initial partial term decided by a special election. In 1997, he switched his party affiliation from Democratic to Republican.

In 1998, Windom was elected Lieutenant Governor, becoming the first Republican Lieutenant Governor of Alabama since Reconstruction. He served under Democratic Governor Don Siegelman as Alabama's Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected separately. He did not run for re-election in 2002, instead running for Governor. He lost in the Republican primary to Congressman Bob Riley and subsequently returned to the private sector.

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