Dominion of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 31 August 1962 and became a republic on 1 August 1976.

When British rule ended in 1962, the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 transformed the British Crown Colony of Trinidad and Tobago into an independent sovereign state,[1] sharing its sovereign, Elizabeth II, the Queen of Trinidad and Tobago, with the other states headed by Queen Elizabeth II. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Trinidad and Tobago.

The following governors-general held office:

  1. Sir Solomon Hochoy (31 August 1962 – 24 June 1972)
  2. Sir Ellis Clarke (24 June 1972 – 1 July 1976)

Eric Williams was prime minister (and head of government).

Elizabeth II visited the islands in February 1966.

Following the abolition of the monarchy and the promulgation of a republic on 1 August 1976,[2] the last governor-general, Sir Ellis Clarke, became the first President of Trinidad and Tobago.

Trinidad and Tobago

Motto: "Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve"
Anthem: "Forged From the Love of Liberty"
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
• 1962–76
Elizabeth II
• 1962–72
Solomon Hochoy
• 1972–76
Ellis Clarke
Prime Minister 
• 1962–76
Eric Williams
Historical eraCold War
• Independence
31 August 1962
• Republic
1 August 1976
CurrencyTT dollar (from 1964)
ISO 3166 codeTT
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago

See also


  1. ^ Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962, 10 & 11 Eliz. 2 c. 54
  2. ^ SI 1976 No. 1914

External links

Capildeo family

The Capildeo family is an Indo-Trinidadian family of politicians and writers. The most notable members are 2001 Nobel laureate V. S. Naipaul and mathematician and politician Rudranath Capildeo.

The ancestral home of the Capildeo family is known as Anand Bhavan ("The Lion House") and is in Chaguanas, Caroni County, Trinidad and Tobago.

No one today knows how the name Kapil transformed into Capildeo. It is possible that Kapil added dev, meaning God, from his village's name of Mahadeva Dubey to his name. Transliteration from Hindi to English was not well developed in the 19th century and words were spelt differently then from the way they are now. Thus, Kapil was changed to Capil and dev to deo, giving Kapil's descendants the surname of Capildeo.


A Dominion was the "title" given to the semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867. "Dominion status" was a constitutional term of art used to signify an independent Commonwealth realm; they included Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, South Africa, and the Irish Free State, and then from the late 1940s also India, Pakistan, and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). The Balfour Declaration of 1926 recognised the Dominions as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", and the 1931 Statute of Westminster confirmed their full legislative independence.

Earlier usage of dominion to refer to a particular territory dates to the 16th century and was used to describe Wales from 1535 to 1801 and New England between 1686 and 1689.

Leader of the Opposition (Trinidad and Tobago)

The Leader of the Opposition in Trinidad and Tobago is the leader of the largest political party which has not formed the current government.

The Leader of the Opposition is a member of the House of Representatives, and is appointed by the President of Trinidad and Tobago.

The current Leader of the Opposition is Kamla Persad-Bissessar, leader of the United National Congress.

Monarchy of Trinidad and Tobago

For Calypso Monarchs of Trinidad and Tobago see Calypso Monarch.

For the history of Trinidad and Tobago before it became a republic, see History of Trinidad and Tobago, Dominion of Trinidad and Tobago, and Queen of Trinidad and Tobago.

Prime Ministers of Trinidad and Tobago

This is a list of the Prime Ministers of Trinidad and Tobago, from the establishment of the office of Chief Minister in 1950 to the present day.

Rudranath Capildeo

Dr. Rudranath Capildeo (2 February 1920 – 12 May 1970) was an Indo-Trinidadian politician and mathematician. He was a member of the prominent Hindu Indo-Trinidadian Capildeo family. He was the leader of the Democratic Labour Party (DLP) from 1960 to 1969 and Leader of the Opposition in Parliament from 1961 to 1963, succeeding Ashford Sinanan. He was also a faculty member at the University of London, eventually holding the position of Reader of Mathematics. He was also the younger brother of Simbhoonath Capildeo, brother-in-law of Seepersad Naipaul, uncle of Nobel Prize-winning author V.S. Naipaul, Shiva Naipaul, and Surendranath Capildeo, uncle-in-law of Nadira Naipaul, and grand uncle of Vahni Capildeo and Neil Bissoondath. He married Ruth Goodchild in 1944 and they had one son named Rudy Capildeo. He also has a daughter, Anne Saraswati Gasteen Capildeo, born in 1959. He was awarded the Trinity Cross (the nation's highest award) in 1969.

Trinidad and Tobago and the United Nations

Trinidad and Tobago was admitted to the United Nations by the General Assembly on September 18, 1962, as advised by the United Nations Security Council Resolution 175.Several United Nations organisations are physically based in Trinidad and Tobago including:

Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) (Caribbean Office)

International Labour Organization (ILO) (Caribbean Office)

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) (Caribbean Office)

United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) (Caribbean Office)


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