Dolomite ( /ˈdɒləmaɪt/) is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally CaMg(CO3)2. The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite. An alternative name sometimes used for the dolomitic rock type is dolostone.
Dolomite (white) on talc
|Crystal class||Rhombohedral (3) |
H-M symbol: (3)
|Unit cell||a = 4.8012(1), c = 16.002 [Å]; Z = 3|
|Color||White, gray to pink|
|Crystal habit||Tabular crystals, often with curved faces, also columnar, stalactitic, granular, massive.|
|Twinning||Common as simple contact twins|
|Cleavage||3 directions of cleavage not at right angles|
|Mohs scale hardness||3.5 to 4|
|Luster||Vitreous to pearly|
|Optical properties||Uniaxial (-)|
|Refractive index||nω = 1.679–1.681 nε = 1.500|
|Birefringence||δ = 0.179–0.181|
|Solubility||Poorly soluble in dilute HCl|
|Other characteristics||May fluoresce white to pink under UV; triboluminescent. |
Ksp values vary between 1x10−19 to 1x10−17
Most probably the mineral dolomite was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1768. In 1791, it was described as a rock by the French naturalist and geologist Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu (1750–1801), first in buildings of the old city of Rome, and later as samples collected in the mountains now known as the Dolomite Alps of northern Italy. Nicolas-Théodore de Saussure first named the mineral (after Dolomieu) in March 1792.
The mineral dolomite crystallizes in the trigonal-rhombohedral system. It forms white, tan, gray, or pink crystals. Dolomite is a double carbonate, having an alternating structural arrangement of calcium and magnesium ions. Unless it is in fine powder form, it does not rapidly dissolve or effervesce (fizz) in cold dilute hydrochloric acid as calcite does. Crystal twinning is common.
Solid solution exists between dolomite, the iron-dominant ankerite and the manganese-dominant kutnohorite. Small amounts of iron in the structure give the crystals a yellow to brown tint. Manganese substitutes in the structure also up to about three percent MnO. A high manganese content gives the crystals a rosy pink color. Lead, zinc, and cobalt also substitute in the structure for magnesium. The mineral dolomite is closely related to huntite Mg3Ca(CO3)4.
Modern dolomite formation has been found to occur under anaerobic conditions in supersaturated saline lagoons along the Rio de Janeiro coast of Brazil, namely, Lagoa Vermelha and Brejo do Espinho. It is often thought that dolomite will develop only with the help of sulfate-reducing bacteria (e.g. Desulfovibrio brasiliensis). However, low-temperature dolomite may occur in natural environments rich in organic matter and microbial cell surfaces. This occurs as a result of magnesium complexation by carboxyl groups associated with organic matter.
Vast deposits of dolomite are present in the geological record, but the mineral is relatively rare in modern environments. Reproducible, inorganic low-temperature syntheses of dolomite and magnesite were published for the first time in 1999. Those laboratory experiments showed how the initial precipitation of a metastable "precursor" (such as magnesium calcite) will change gradually into more and more of the stable phase (such as dolomite or magnesite) during periodical intervals of dissolution and re-precipitation. The general principle governing the course of this irreversible geochemical reaction has been coined "breaking Ostwald's step rule".
There is some evidence for a biogenic occurrence of dolomite. One example is that of the formation of dolomite in the urinary bladder of a Dalmatian dog, possibly as the result of an illness or infection.
Dolomite is used as an ornamental stone, a concrete aggregate, and a source of magnesium oxide, as well as in the Pidgeon process for the production of magnesium. It is an important petroleum reservoir rock, and serves as the host rock for large strata-bound Mississippi Valley-Type (MVT) ore deposits of base metals such as lead, zinc, and copper. Where calcite limestone is uncommon or too costly, dolomite is sometimes used in its place as a flux for the smelting of iron and steel. Large quantities of processed dolomite are used in the production of float glass.
In horticulture, dolomite and dolomitic limestone are added to soils and soilless potting mixes as a pH buffer and as a magnesium source.
Dolomite is also used as the substrate in marine (saltwater) aquariums to help buffer changes in pH of the water.
Particle physics researchers like to build particle detectors under layers of dolomite to enable the detectors to detect the highest possible number of exotic particles. Because dolomite contains relatively minor quantities of radioactive materials, it can insulate against interference from cosmic rays without adding to background radiation levels.
In addition to being an industrial mineral, dolomite is highly valued by collectors and museums when it forms large, transparent crystals. The specimens that appear in the magnesite quarry exploited in Eugui, Esteribar, Navarra (Spain) are considered among the best in the world
Digana is a village in Sri Lanka. It is located within Central Province. It is between Kandy and Teldeniya in A26 road. Digana is popular for Dolomite mineral.Philanthropist Alhaji Azeez Muhammedh Rauf introduced Dolomite to Sri Lanka. There are several dolomite industries in Digana.
After submerging of Teldeniya Town, Digana became the popular alternative town to all neighbourhood.
The population is around 2000 families living as multi ethnic community.
In March 2018, it was the site of mob attack causing communal violence against Muslim-owned homes, businesses, and at least one mosque, leading to the declaration of a state of emergency.Dolomite
Dolomite may refer to:
Dolomite (mineral), a carbonate mineral
Dolomite (rock), also known as dolostone, a sedimentary carbonate rock
Dolomite, Alabama, unincorporated community in Jefferson County
Dolomite, California, unincorporated community in Inyo County
Dolomites, section of the Alps
Triumph Dolomite (1934–40), sporting cars made by Triumph Motor Company
Triumph Dolomite, popular small car made by the British Leyland Corporation in the 1970s and 1980sMaK G 1202 BB
The MaK G 1202 BB is a four axle B'B' off-centre cab diesel-hydraulic locomotive built by Maschinenbau Kiel in Germany.Pugalo, Cebu
Pugalo is a barangay in Alcoy, Cebu, Philippines. It is known for its large deposit of dolomite mineral. With a size of 571 hectares (1,411 acres) of mining claims and an estimated balance of deposits at 220 million metric tons, since the extraction began in 1981, it is currently the biggest dolomite mining found in Asia. The mining company, Philippine Mining Service Corporation, is a private company wholly owned by JFE Mineral Company, part of JFE Steel Corporation of Japan.Pugalo has an area of 482 hectares (1,190 acres) comprising three sitios with a total population of 2,606 at the 2015 census. Most of the population are native inhabitants who have developed their own distinct dialect and speech timbre.
For Pugalo the major income comes from dolomite mining. Aside from mining, there is subsistence farming, fishing, and to a lesser extent, retailing and services. Although tourism is not yet an income-generating industry, the barangay has a few interesting natural wonders especially its rich marine resources. It has a barrier reef running parallel to the contour of the barangay's shoreline. Its coral reefs are among the most diverse in this part of the country.
Pugalo is the northernmost barangay of Alcoy bounded to the north by Obong (Dalaguete), to the south by Pasol, to the east by Cebu Strait, and to the west by Nug‑as. Its distance is about 3 1⁄2 kilometres (2 1⁄4 mi) from the centre of poblacion.
Its patron saint is St. Joseph and its annual feast day is the last Sunday of March.