Doctoral advisor

A doctoral advisor (also dissertation director or dissertation advisor) is a member of a university faculty whose role is to guide graduate students who are candidates for a doctorate, helping them select coursework, as well as shaping, refining and directing the students' choice of sub-discipline in which they will be examined or on which they will write a dissertation.[1] Students generally choose advisors based on their areas of interest within their discipline, their desire to work closely with particular graduate faculty, and the willingness and availability of those faculty to work with them.

In some countries, the student's advisor serves as the chair of the doctoral examination or dissertation committees. In some cases, though, the person who serves those roles may be different from the faculty member who has most closely advised the student. For instance, in the Dutch academic system, only full professors (hoogleraren) may chair doctoral examinations, so students who have been advised by lower-ranked faculty members will have a full professor as their official advisor (or promotor) and their actual advisor as co-promotor.[2] In other countries, such as Spain, the doctoral advisor has the role of a mentor, but is not allowed to form part of the examination committee. This is a body of 5 experts independently selected by the rectorate among 10 candidates proposed by the university's department.

An academic genealogy may be traced based on student's doctoral advisors, going up and down the lines of academic "descent" in a manner analogous to a traditional genealogy.

References

  1. ^ Miles Taft Bryant (2004), The portable dissertation advisor, Corwin Press, pp. 9–11, ISBN 978-0-7619-4696-0.
  2. ^ A Few Words about Dutch University Titles, Ranks etc. Archived 2011-06-16 at the Wayback Machine., Astronomy Department, Leiden University. Retrieved 2010-02-15.

External links

Adolf Windaus

Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus (25 December 1876 – 9 June 1959) was a German chemist who won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1928 for his work on sterols and their relation to vitamins. He was the doctoral advisor of Adolf Butenandt who also won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1939.

Adolf Windaus was born in Berlin. His interest in chemistry was raised by lectures of Emil Fischer. He started studying medicine and chemistry in Berlin and later in Freiburg. He got his PhD in early 1900 and focused on cholesterol and other sterols at the University of Freiburg. In 1913 he became professor of chemistry at the University of Innsbruck and in 1915 he changed to the University of Göttingen where he stayed until his retirement in 1944.

He was involved in the discovery of the transformation of cholesterol through several steps to vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol). He gave his patents to Merck and Bayer and they brought out the medical Vigantol in 1927.

Aurelio José Figueredo

Aurelio José Figueredo is an American evolutionary psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Arizona, where he is also the director of the Ethology and Evolutionary Psychology Laboratory. He received his Ph.D. in 1987 from the University of California, Riverside with a dissertation entitled The statistical measurement, developmental mechanisms, and adaptive ecological functions of conditioned host selection in the parasitoid jewel wasp. His doctoral advisor was Lewis Petrinovich. He is known for his research on personality, such as a 1997 study in which he and James E. King showed that chimpanzees exhibit the same Big Five personality traits that humans do.As of 2018, Figueredo was identified by the Associated Press as the only U.S. scientific researcher receiving funding from the Pioneer Fund, a non-profit institute which promotes scientific racism and eugenics. A Pioneer Fund grant was given to the University of Arizona, and was used by Figueredo to attend the 2016 London Conference on Intelligence, where presentations on eugenics are given. Figueredo has also reviewed papers for Mankind Quarterly, a journal which has advocated for racial hierarchy, and in 2009 coauthored a paper for the journal with J. Philippe Rushton, the Pioneer Fund's president at the time. Figueredo has disavowed eugenics and racial inferiority.

Clarence S. Clay Jr.

Clarence Samuel Clay Jr. (1923–2011) was a geophysicist specialized in oceanography. He was known for his contributions in acoustics. Although he signed most of his papers, "C.S. Clay", he was called simply, "Clay" by his friends, students, and colleagues. He was also known as "Clay Clay".

Denis Sargan

John Denis Sargan (23 August 1924 – 13 April 1996) was a British econometrician who specialized in the analysis of economic time-series.

Sargan was born in Doncaster, Yorkshire in 1924, and was educated at Doncaster Grammar School and St John's College, Cambridge. He made many contributions, notably in instrumental variables estimation, Edgeworth expansions for the distributions of econometric estimators, identification conditions in simultaneous equations models, asymptotic tests for overidentifying restrictions in homoskedastic equations and exact tests for unit roots in autoregressive and moving average models (co-authored with Alok Bhargava). At the LSE, Sargan was Professor of Econometrics from 1964–84. Sargan was President of the Econometric Society, a Fellow of the British Academy and an (honorary foreign) member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.Sargan is known for having been doctoral advisor to several renowned econometricians. These include Alok Bhargava, David Forbes Hendry, Esfandiar Maasoumi, Peter C.B. Phillips, and Manuel Arellano. His influence on econometric methodology is evident in several fields including in the development of Generalized Method of Moments estimators.

Didier Queloz

Didier Queloz (born February 23, 1966) is an astronomer with a prolific record in finding extrasolar planets in the Astrophysics Group of the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, and also at the University of Geneva.

In 1995 Queloz was a Ph.D. student at the University of Geneva when he and Michel Mayor, his doctoral advisor, discovered the first exoplanet around a main sequence star. Queloz performed an analysis on 51 Pegasi using radial velocity measurements (Doppler spectroscopy), and was astonished to find a planet with an orbital period of 4.2 days. He had been performing the analysis as an exercise to hone his skills. The planet, 51 Pegasi b, challenged the then accepted views of planetary formation, being a hot Jupiter or roaster.

He has received the 2011 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award of Basic Sciences (co-winner with Michel Mayor) for developing new astronomical instruments and experimental techniques that led to the first observation of planets outside the solar system.

In 2017 he received the Wolf Prize in Physics.

Donald Richards (statistician)

Donald St. P. Richards (born 1955, Mandeville, Jamaica) is a Jamaican statistician conducting research on matrix analysis, Markov chains, and hyper-geometric domains. He currently serves as a professor of statistics at Pennsylvania State University, and is a Fellow of the American Mathematical Society and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics.Richards obtained his PhD in 1978 at the University of the West Indies, where the statistician Rameshwar D. Gupta was his doctoral advisor.

In 2012, he was elected as a Fellow of the American Mathematical Society.

E-Theses Online Service

E-Theses Online Service (EThOS) is a bibliographic database and union catalogue of electronic theses provided by the British Library, the National Library of the United Kingdom. As of March 2018 EThOS provides access to approximately 480,000 doctoral theses awarded by over 140 UK higher education institutions, with around 3000 new thesis records added every month.

Eknath Prabhakar Ghate

Eknath Prabhakar Ghate (born 11 September 1969) is a mathematician specialising in number theory and working in the School of Mathematical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India. He was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for science and technology, the highest science award in India, for the year 2013 in mathematical science category.Ghate was schooled at Mayo College Ajmer and is an alumnus of St. Stephen's College, Delhi. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1996; his doctoral advisor was Haruzo Hida. Ghate is also an alumnus of College of Arts & Sciences, University of Pennsylvania.In number theory, Ghate is mostly interested in problems connected to automorphic forms, Galois representations, and the special values of L-functions.

Enrico Persico

Enrico Persico (August 9, 1900 – June 17, 1969) was an Italian physicist notable for propagating the field of quantum mechanics in Italy. He was a professor at the University of Turin and is also notable as the doctoral advisor of Ugo Fano.

Heinrich Scherk

Heinrich Ferdinand Scherk (27 October 1798 – 4 October 1885) was a German mathematician notable for his work on minimal surfaces and the distribution of prime numbers. He is also notable as the doctoral advisor of Ernst Kummer.

Kurt Schütte

Kurt Schütte (14 October 1909, Salzwedel – 18 August 1998, Munich) was a German mathematician who worked on proof theory and ordinal analysis. The Feferman–Schütte ordinal, which he showed to be the precise ordinal bound for predicativity, is named after him. He was the doctoral advisor of 16 students, including Wolfgang Bibel, Wolfgang Maaß, Wolfram Pohlers, and Martin Wirsing.

Mark Ridley (zoologist)

Mark Ridley (born 1956) is a British zoologist and writer on evolution.

He studied at both Oxford and Cambridge in the 1980s (his doctoral advisor being Richard Dawkins), and later worked at Emory University. As of 2010 he worked as a research assistant at the Department of Zoology, Oxford University. Ridley has worked on the evolution of reproductive behaviour and written a number of popular accounts of evolutionary biology, including articles for the New York Times, The Sunday Times, Nature, New Scientist and The Times Literary Supplement. He is sometimes confused with Matt Ridley, another writer on evolution who is also from the UK.

Mathematics Genealogy Project

The Mathematics Genealogy Project is a web-based database for the academic genealogy of mathematicians. By 4 August 2018, it contained information on 231,480 mathematical scientists who contributed to research-level mathematics. For a typical mathematician, the project entry includes graduation year, thesis title, alma mater, doctoral advisor, and doctoral students.

Narasimhaiengar Mukunda

Narasimhaiengar Mukunda (born 25 January 1939, New Delhi, India ) is a prominent Indian theoretical physicist. He works as a senior professor at Centre for High Energy Physics, IISc, Bangalore. He is now an honorary professor at IISER Mohali and IISER Thiruvananthapuram. He is also the Distinguished associate of Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute. His major contributions are in the fields of Classical and Quantum Mechanics, Theoretical Optics and Mathematical Physics.

He was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for work in Nonlinear and Quantum Optics in 1980His doctoral advisor was the prominent Indian-American physicist E. C. G. Sudarshan.

Mukunda and collaborators initiated the

"Quantum theory of charged-particle beam optics",

by working out the focusing action of a magnetic quadrupole using the

Dirac Equation.

"Twisted Gaussian Schell-model beams. I & II. Symmetry structure and normal-mode spectrum"

Neil Robertson (mathematician)

George Neil Robertson (born November 30, 1938) is a mathematician working mainly in topological graph theory, currently a distinguished professor emeritus at the Ohio State University. He earned his B.Sc. from Brandon College in 1959, and his Ph.D. in 1969 at the University of Waterloo under his doctoral advisor William Tutte.

Robert Everist Greene

Robert Everist Greene (born 1943) is an American mathematician.

Greene completed his Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley in 1969. His doctoral advisor was Hung-Hsi Wu; his doctoral thesis was titled Isometric Embeddings of Riemannian and Pseudo-Riemannian Manifolds.

Roscoe G. Dickinson

Roscoe Gilkey Dickinson (May 3, 1894 – July 13, 1945) was a U.S. chemist, known primarily for his work on X-ray crystallography. As professor of chemistry at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), he was the doctoral advisor of Nobel laureate Linus Pauling and of Arnold O. Beckman, inventor of the pH meter.

Dickinson received his undergraduate education at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and, in 1920, became the first person to receive a PhD from Caltech (which had recently changed its name from Throop College). For his dissertation he had studied the crystal structures of wulfenite, scheelite, sodium chlorate, and sodium bromate. His graduate advisor was Arthur Amos Noyes.

Susan M. Ervin-Tripp

Susan Moore Ervin-Tripp (1927-2018) was an American linguist whose psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic research focused on the relation between language use and the development of linguistic forms, especially the developmental changes and structure of interpersonal talk among children.Born Susan Moore Ervin on June 29, 1927 in Minneapolis, MN, she earned her undergraduate degree in Art History at Vassar College. She earned a PhD from the University of Michigan in 1955 for thesis entitled, The Verbal Behaviour of Bilinguals: The Effect of Language of Report upon the Thematic Apperception Test Stories of Adult French Bilinguals, under the supervision of Theodore Newcomb. She taught at the University of California at Berkeley. In her academic work she conducted research on child language acquisition and bilingualism among children and has made contributions to the fields of linguistics, psychology, child development, sociology, anthropology, rhetoric, and women's studies.She was a doctoral advisor of Daniel Kahneman, a 2002 Nobel Prize winner.

Ervin-Tripp was a Guggenheim Fellow in 1974.A festschrift dedicated to Ervin-Tripp was published in 1996.

Wang Xiaoyun

Wang Xiaoyun (simplified Chinese: 王小云; traditional Chinese: 王小雲; pinyin: Wáng Xiǎoyún; born 1966) is a Chinese cryptographer and computer scientist. She is a professor in the Department of Mathematics and System Science of Shandong University and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.At the rump session of CRYPTO 2004, she and co-authors demonstrated collision attacks against MD5, SHA-0 and other related hash functions. (A collision occurs when two distinct messages result in the same hash function output). They received a standing ovation for their work.In February 2005 it was reported that Wang and co-authors had found a method to find collisions in the SHA-1 hash function, which is used in many of today's mainstream security products. Their attack is estimated to require less than 269 operations, far fewer than the 280 operations previously thought needed to find a collision in SHA-1. Their work was published at the CRYPTO '05 conference. In August 2005, an improved attack on SHA-1, discovered by Wang, Andrew Yao and Frances Yao, was announced at the CRYPTO conference rump session. The time complexity of the new attack is claimed to be 263.Wang was born in Zhucheng, Shandong Province. She gained bachelor (1987), master (1990) and doctorate (1993) degrees at Shandong University, and subsequently lectured in the mathematics department from 1993. Her doctoral advisor was Pan Chengdong. Wang was appointed assistant professor in 1995, and full professor in 2001. She became the Chen Ning Yang Professor of the Center for Advanced Study, Tsinghua University in 2005.

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