Doctor Mid-Nite

Doctor Mid-Nite (also Doctor Midnight) is a fictional superhero physician in DC Comics. The figure has been represented in the comics by three different individuals, Charles McNider, Beth Chapel, and Pieter Anton Cross. Dr. Mid-Nite was originally created by writer Charles Reizenstein and artist Stanley Josephs Aschmeier in 1941. The hero, represented first by Charles McNider, appeared for the first time in All-American Comics #25 (April 1941).[1]

Like many Golden Age heroic characters, the original Doctor Mid-Nite appeared as a member of DC's Justice Society of America. His two successors were also represented as members of the group or an offshoot. Doctor Mid-Nite has never appeared as the solo protagonist of a regular title magazine, but the figure has been the subject of an anthology and a mini-series.

All three versions of Doctor Mid-Nite have exhibited the same basic features: a cowled costume featuring a crescent moon symbol, keen ability to see in the darkness at the cost of near or total blindness in sunlight, the use of special visors and “blackout” smoke bombs to gain tactical advantage in combat, a high degree of skill in martial arts, and jobs as physicians serving both normal human beings and "metahuman" superheroes. Additionally, two of the doctors have been accompanied by sidekick owls.

As a blind character, Doctor Mid-Nite is widely regarded as the first superhero in comics to exhibit a physical impairment, pre-dating the creation of Daredevil of Marvel Comics by more than twenty years.

Dr. Mid-Nite made his live appearance on the second season of DC's Legends of Tomorrow played by Kwesi Ameyaw. Doctor Mid-Nite will appear in the upcoming DC Universe series Stargirl and will be portrayed by Henry Thomas.

Doctor Mid-Nite
AllStars6
Cover to JSA: All-Stars #6. Art by John Cassaday and Mark Lewis.
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceMcNider:
All-American Comics #25 (April 1941)
Chapel:
Infinity Inc. #19 (October 1985)
As Doctor Midnight:
Infinity Inc. (vol. 1) #21 (December 1985)
Cross:
Doctor Mid-Nite #1 (September 1999)
Created byMcNider:
Charles Reizenstein
Stanley Josephs Aschmeier
Chapel:
Roy Thomas
Todd McFarlane
Cross:
Matt Wagner
John K. Snyder
In-story information
Alter egoDr. Charles McNider
Dr. Elizabeth Chapel
Dr. Pieter Anton Cross
SpeciesMetahuman
Team affiliationsJustice League
McNider, Cross:
Justice Society of America
McNider:
All-Star Squadron
U.S. Medical Corps
Black Lantern Corps
Chapel:
Infinity, Inc.
Shadow Fighters
Notable aliasesMcNider:
Starman
Chapel:
Doctor Midnight
AbilitiesAll:
Perfect night vision
Ability to see in the dark via infrared lenses
McNider:
Brilliant doctor and mathematician
Gifted physician and author
Superb athlete and hand to hand combatant
Employs "blackout bombs"
Cross:
Great physician and scientist
Employs special ultrasonic lenses and "blackout bombs"

Fictional character biographies

The following biographies are presented "in universe."

Charles McNider

Charles McNider, a surgeon, was called one night to remove a bullet from a witness set to testify against mobsters. A mobster threw a grenade into the room, killing the witness and blinding McNider, with the injury causing him to believe his career as a surgeon was over.[1] One evening, as he was recovering, an owl crashed through his window. Removing the bandages covering his eyes, McNider discovered that he could still see, but only in perfect darkness. McNider developed a special visor allowing him to see in the light and "blackout bombs" capable of blocking out all light, becoming a costumed crime fighter. He adopted the owl, naming it 'Hooty', and it became his "sidekick."[1] He later joined the Justice Society of America (JSA) and the All-Star Squadron. In 1942, McNider enlisted in the U.S. Medical Corps as a physician during World War II,[2] rising to the rank of Captain. Ten years after his debut, McNider briefly assumed the role of Starman after the JSA disbanded when Ted Knight, the original Starman, suffered a nervous breakdown as a result of his participation in the development of the atomic bomb.[3]

McNider suffered a devastating event in 1953, when the girl he loved, Myra Mason, was murdered by the Shadower, a foe who had learned Doctor Mid-Nite's secret identity.[1] McNider's later romantic history is unrevealed, but another "old friend" of McNider, Miss Alice King, made an appearance in All-American Comics #90 (October 1947). McNider apparently had no children, but at one point McNider rescued a pregnant woman from attack in Sogndal, Norway and delivered her baby, Pieter Cross, who later became the third Doctor Mid-Nite. McNider was also one of the JSA members captured and placed in suspended animation by the Immortal villain Vandal Savage, before being freed by the Barry Allen Flash.

Charles McNider eventually met his end as one of the casualties of Zero Hour, when he and fellow JSA member Hourman were aged to death by Extant.[4] He was briefly reanimated as a member of the Black Lantern Corps during the Blackest Night event,[5] only to be destroyed by Mr. Terrific.[6]

Beth Chapel

Beth Chapel as Doctor Midnight. Art by Todd MacFarlane.

As the aging McNider spent less time in action, Beth Chapel, a medical doctor, stepped into the role of Doctor Midnight. Beth Chapel was a native of Orangeburg, South Carolina, with a pastor father, a mother who sang in the church choir, and four brothers.[7] Chapel first appeared when Jade of Infinity, Inc. was rushed to her hospital for treatment after encountering Mister Bones' cyanide touch. During the onset of the Crisis on Infinite Earths, Beth was blinded by an oxygen explosion, only to be rescued by Hourman's son Rick Tyler, who had taken McNider's drug that enhances ability to see in the dark. Beth used the formula to similarly treat her blindness, and she and Rick assume the mantles of their predecessors as Doctor Midnight and Hourman, with her mother crafting a super hero costume from a choir robe. Along with a new Wildcat, Chapel and Tyler applied for membership in Infinity, Inc, eventually gaining admission; however, the association was short-lived, as Infinity, Inc. disbanded shortly thereafter, though Chapel and Tyler began a romantic relationship during their tenure.

Doctor Midnight and Wildcat were subsequently recruited by the U.S. government for a mission to defeat the supervillain Eclipso, only for Chapel to die on the mission along with Wildcat, the Creeper, Commander Steel, Peacemaker, and Major Victory.[8]

Pieter Cross

The third Doctor Mid-Nite (and the second to use the original spelling) is Pieter Anton Cross. Cross makes his first appearance in the 3-issue prestige format limited series Doctor Mid-Nite (1999).

Cross is the Norwegian-born son of a noted scientist, the late Theodoric Cross.[1] Pieter was delivered as a baby by the original Doctor Mid-Nite, Charles McNider, who had just rescued his mother from vagrants. As an adult Pieter is later unable to save his mother from Chagas disease, which she catches in Brazil while visiting him. Cross otherwise has no known relatives.

Cross's crime-fighting career begins as he runs a free clinic in Portsmouth, Washington. His work leads him to investigate a new street drug called A39, an accidental derivative of the steroid-like Venom. The drug, he soon learns, is produced by an evil corporation named Praeda Industries, run by the Terrible Trio (former foes of the Batman). Cross is drugged by company enforcers and soon involved in a car accident. The accident takes the life of a young woman named Katherine Blythe. After the accident, he finds that he can only see in pitch darkness via infrared vision (he can also employ ultrasonic vision). He takes the name Doctor Mid-Nite and resolves to fight crime.[1] Cross joins the newest incarnation of the Justice Society of America,[9] and enjoys a brief romance with teammate Black Canary.

Cross is usually portrayed as being a physician first and vigilante second. Scanners in his cowl-lenses identify health risks as well as threats. He is a vegetarian and practices yoga (JSA). Cross carries high-tech medical equipment in addition to weapons (including blackout bombs). Some individuals whom Cross assists eventually come to aid him in his work as both crime fighter and community surgeon. Allies gained in this way include reformed street kids "Nite Lite" and "Ice Sickle" and writer Camilla Marlowe. (Ice Sickle is later killed by the vengeful Spirit King.[10]) Dr. Mid-Nite also serves as a wise and kind mentor to young Jaime Reyes, the latest Blue Beetle.[11]

Cross's Doctor Mid-Nite is one of the most prominent physicians in the DCU. He and his JSA colleague Mr. Terrific function as "go-to" scientists for the superhero set. Among Cross' notable achievements: the discovery that Alan Scott is composed of the green flame of the Starheart; conducting tests and annual checkups for Power Girl; emergency surgery on Hourman; removal of the Brainiac virus from Oracle;[12] the autopsy of Sue Dibny (Identity Crisis); removing the sniper bullet that wounds Lois Lane in Umec (Battery story arc in Adventures of Superman); conducting DNA tests on Terra. [13]

Cross is also called upon by medical agencies such as S.T.A.R. Labs during unusual cases. At one point he is called by S.T.A.R. to investigate the reappearance of Delores Winters, the first host for the Ultra-Humanite. Winters now steals the body parts of metahumans and calls herself Endless Winter. Doctor Mid-Nite puts an end to the thievery and helps restore the health of her victims. [14]

The Batman conducts covert research on Cross's abilities and concludes that the full extent of his enhanced vision has not yet been reached (JSA 31). The Batman has apparently not revealed this information to Cross.

When the Justice Society encounters Gog, last survivor of the Third World, the benevolent being restores Pieter's vision.[15] Although initially a blessing, this later works to Pieter's disadvantage in the field, as he is no longer able to see through his own dark bombs, and the loss of his infrared vision prevents him from saving a mortally-wounded Lance[16] as well as leaving him feeling challenged when trying to perform even normal operations. Eventually, the full JSA mount an all-out assault on Gog, having learned from Sandman that Gog is rooting himself into the Earth, and if he remains for one more day, the Earth will die if he ever leaves, leaving them with the one option of killing Gog and separating his head from the Earth, which is the only way to save the planet. The other Society members following Gog attempt to protect him, until they see him attempt to attack a Society member. All of the followers take up the fight, and Gog punishes them all by taking away his blessings, including Dr. Mid-Nite's sight.[17]

After being contacted by current Teen Titan leader Beast Boy, Dr. Mid-Nite is called in to help Raven when she is attacked and possessed by an unknown demonic entity. Appearing in Titans Tower via hologram technology, Dr. Mid-Nite and Static are successfully able to drive the demon from Raven's body.[18]

Owls of Doctor Mid-Nite

Both Charles McNider and Pieter Anton Cross train owls as sidekicks.

McNider trains the same owl which crashes through his window, an event that leads to the discovery of his powers. This owl, named "Hooty" (sometimes "Hootie"), shares many adventures during the Golden Age.

Cross keeps company with an owl named "Charlie". The bird is named after the original Doctor Mid-Nite, Charles McNider. Charlie keeps a mini-camera around his neck that can feed video directly to a display in Cross's goggles.

Powers, equipment, and abilities

McNider possesses the metahuman ability to see perfectly in the dark. Utilizing special infrared lenses, McNider can see in light; later in his life, his lenses become more ineffective as his eyesight continues to deteriorate even further, inhibiting his daylight vision. McNider also employs "blackout bombs" which release pitch-black gas that blinds villains yet allowing McNider to see. For a time, he used a weapon called a "cryotuber" which can either control the nervous system of an opponent or fire bursts of heat or cold. He is also a brilliant doctor and a mathematician. In All-Star Comics #13, he is able to communicate with a Neptunian using mathematical equations. As Starman, McNider uses various star-themed gadgets, including an airship designed by the Red Torpedo. McNider is also a superb athlete and fighter, as well as a gifted physician and author.

Other versions

In 1965, DC Comics had no plans to revive Doctor Mid-Nite. DC editor Julius Schwartz gave M.I.T. student and comic book letterhack Rick Norwood permission to publish a Dr. Midnight story in his fanzine, Five. The story written by Norwood and illustrated by Steve Sabo features a doctor named Tom Benson who is blinded in battle. He discovers that his other senses are super-sensitive and dons the Doctor Midnight costume to fight crime.

In Kingdom Come, Alex Ross portrays Doctor Mid-Nite (known here simply as Midnight) as a disembodied cowl amid thick black smoke reminiscent of his "blackout bombs". The wraith is said to be the spirit of Dr. Charles McNider.

Another version of the character was shown in Dan Jolley and Tony Harris' JSA: The Liberty File as a World War II United States intelligence agent code-named the Owl. This character, though a playboy, resembles other Doctor Mid-Nite representations. Though derided for his dalliances with the ladies, McNider was trusted as a valued field operative.

In the Elseworlds novel Batman: Holy Terror - set in a world where Oliver Cromwell lived longer and America is run by a corrupt theocracy - Doctor Charles McNider was a friend of Thomas and Martha Wayne before their deaths, losing his eyes and his wife for his defiance of the state. When Bruce comes to visit him, he warns Bruce against fighting the system, but also confirms that the Waynes were killed by the privy council for providing medical services to those the council has deemed undesirable, such as Jews or homosexuals.

In the Tangent: Superman's Reign series, a version of Doctor Mid-Nite his body completely covered by a black cloak is briefly seen.

In the new Earth-2 created in the wake of Infinite Crisis and 52, a version of Beth Chapel is shown to be a member of the Justice Society Infinity.[19]

Charles McNider appears in the prequel comic to Injustice 2. Charles isolated himself from society on Longyearbyen in Norway's Svalbard Archipelago, with only Ted Grant knowing of his location. Ted brings Batman to Charles' location as Bruce needs Doctor Mid-Nite's help to perform an open heart surgery on Superboy by transplanting the deceased General Zod's heart into the kryptonian's body.[20]

Collected editions

The original Dr. Mid-Nite (Charles McNider) is one of seven JSA-related heroes whose solo appearances are collected in an anthology entry in the DC Archive Editions series:

Title Material collected
'JSA All-Stars Archives Vol. 1 HC (2007) All-American Comics (1939 series) #25-29

The introductory mini-series of the modern Dr. Mid-Nite (Pieter Cross) has been collected in a trade paperback.

Title Material collected Writers/Pencillers ISBN
Doctor Mid-Nite TPB (2000) Doctor Mid-Nite #1-3 Matt Wagner, John K. Snyder III ISBN 1-56389-607-9

In other media

Television

Live Action

  • Doctor Mid-Nite also appears in the Smallville episode "Absolute Justice", not in person but in the painting showing the roster of the Justice Society of America.
  • The Charles McNider version appears in The CW series Legends of Tomorrow, Dr. Mid-Nite's blackout bombs appear in Rip Hunter's office. The character appears in the second season as a member of the JSA,[21] portrayed by Kwesi Ameyaw.[22] This version is blind, but possesses the metahuman ability to see perfectly in the dark. According to his former teammate Obsidian, he's presumed dead after going missing on a mission in 1956 with the rest of their team who went. However, it is revealed to the audience and Legends that he was placed in the distant future of 3000, where he used the futuristic tech to restore his eyesight. He is murdered by a brainwashed Rip Hunter sometime later.
  • The Charles McNider version of Doctor Mid-Nite will appear the upcoming DC Universe series Stargirl portrayed by Henry Thomas.[23]

Animation

Justice League Unlimited - 4x12 - Divided We Fall 097 0001
Dr. Mid-Nite in JLU episode "Divided We Fall".
  • Doctor Mid-Nite makes several brief appearances without dialogue in Justice League Unlimited, most notably in the episodes "Dark Heart", "Divided We Fall", and "Destroyer" (where he's highlighted along with fellow JSA members Doctor Fate, Hourman, and Wildcat).
  • Doctor Mid-Nite appears in the Batman: The Brave and the Bold episodes "The Golden Age of Justice" and "Crisis 23,000 Miles Above the Earth", voiced by Corey Burton. He is shown as a member of the Justice Society of America and the team's resident doctor.
  • In the Young Justice episode "Coldhearted", Pieter Cross (voiced by Bruce Greenwood) appears as a surgeon who performs a heart transplant on Count Vertigo's niece Perdita. He is never named onscreen, but is identified in the credits. He later appears in the second season episode "True Colors" assisting Ray Palmer and Bumblebee in attempting to remove the Blue Beetle scarab from Jaime Reyes following the discovery of its connection to the Reach.
  • Doctor Mid-Nite appears in Mad. In a musical segment, Doctor Mid-Nite joins the other superheroes into asking Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman about being called "Super Friends." Doctor Mid-Nite's part has him mentioning how he once asked Batman to take him to the airport, but Batman answered that it was "best to take a cab."

Film

Dr. Mid-Nite also appears as a member of the Justice Society of America in the animated film Justice League: The New Frontier. He can be seen in a cameo at the opening credits of the film.

Toys

  • Dr. Mid-Nite was featured as an action figure in the twelfth wave of the DC Universe Classics line. His accessory was his owl, Hooty, who rested on his arm.
  • Mattel released an action figure of the Justice League Unlimited version of Dr. Mid-Nite in its DC Universe: Justice League Unlimited Fan Collection line in November 2011.
  • DC Direct released two action figures of Dr. Mid-Nite (Charles McNider and Peter Cross). The Charles McNider version was released in 2001 and had exchangeable right wrists. One wrist came with Dr. Mid-Nite's pet owl, Hooty.[24]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Greenberger, Robert (2008), "Doctor Mid-Nite I & II", in Dougall, Alastair (ed.), The DC Comics Encyclopedia, New York: Dorling Kindersley, p. 104, ISBN 978-0-7566-4119-1, OCLC 213309017
  2. ^ All-Star Comics #11 (June–July 2012)
  3. ^ Starman (vol. 2) #77
  4. ^ Greenberger, Robert (2008), "Extant", in Dougall, Alastair (ed.), The DC Comics Encyclopedia, New York: Dorling Kindersley, p. 117, ISBN 978-0-7566-4119-1, OCLC 213309017
  5. ^ Blackest Night #4
  6. ^ Blackest Night: JSA #1–3 (February–April 2010)
  7. ^ Infinity Inc. #21
  8. ^ Eclipso #13
  9. ^ JSA #11
  10. ^ JSA #60
  11. ^ Blue Beetle - Boundaries (2009) - ISBN 978-1-4012-2162-1
  12. ^ Birds of Prey #85
  13. ^ Terra #3, 2009
  14. ^ JSA: Classified #19-20, 2007
  15. ^ Justice Society of America (vol. 3) #17
  16. ^ Justice Society of America (vol. 3) #18
  17. ^ Justice Society of America (vol. 3) #21
  18. ^ Teen Titans (vol. 3) #75
  19. ^ Justice Society of America Annual #1
  20. ^ Injustice 2 #40
  21. ^ Bucksbaum, Sydney (July 23, 2016). "Comic-Con: 'Legends of Tomorrow' to Tackle Legion of Doom Villain Team In Season 2". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
  22. ^ Byrne, Craig (September 29, 2016). "Commander Steel, Obsidian, Dr. Mid-Nite, Vixen & Stargirl In New "Justice Society of America" Photos". DCLegendsTV. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  23. ^ Agard, Chancellor (December 17, 2018). "DC Universe's Stargirl casts Haunting of Hill House star as the JSA's Dr. Mid-Nite". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  24. ^ St-Louis, Hervé. "Golden Age Dr. Mid-Nite Action Figure". ComicBookBin.com. Retrieved 17 October 2016.

External links

World's Best Comics, later retitled World’s Finest Comics series was debuted. See World's Finest Comics for more info and the previous timeline. Timeline of DC Comics (1940s)
April 1941
The first Starman was debuted by Gardner Fox and Jack Burnley. See Starman (Ted Knight) and Starman (comics) for more info and next timeline. →
All-American Comics

All-American Comics was a comics anthology and the flagship title of comic book publisher All-American Publications, one of the forerunners of DC Comics. It ran for 102 issues from 1939 to 1948. Characters created for the title, including Green Lantern, the Atom, the Red Tornado, Doctor Mid-Nite, and Sargon the Sorcerer, later became mainstays of the DC comics line.

All Star Comics

All Star Comics is an American comic book series from All-American Publications, one of three companies that merged with National Periodical Publications to form the modern-day DC Comics. While the series' cover-logo trademark reads All Star Comics, its copyrighted title as indicated by postal indicia is All-Star Comics, with a hyphen. With the exception of the first two issues, All Star Comics told stories about the adventures of the Justice Society of America, the first team of superheroes, and introduced Wonder Woman.

Argus (comics)

For the government organization, see A.R.G.U.S.Argus is a fictional superhero published by DC Comics. He first appeared during the Bloodlines crossover event in Flash Annual v2, #6 (1993), and was created by Mark Waid and Phil Hester.

Doctor (comics)

Doctor, in comics, may refer to the following:

The Doctor (Wildstorm), a name given to several characters in the WildStorm universe

Doctor (Doctor Who), the main character in a number of comic adventures chiefly in Doctor Who MagazineIt may also refer to:

Doctor Alchemy, a DC Comics supervillain and Flash rogue

Doctor Angst, a Marvel Comics character and leader of the Band of the Bland

Doctor Bedlam, a DC Comics supervillain and part of Jack Kirby's Fourth World

Doctor Cyber, a DC Comics supervillain

Doctor Death (comics), a DC Comics supervillain and enemy of Batman

Doctor Decibel, a Marvel Comics character

Doctor Destiny, a DC Comics villain

Doctor Doom, a Marvel Comics supervillain

Doctor Doomsday, an Amalgam Comics character

Doctor Druid, a Marvel Comics hero

Doctor Eclipse, a Valiant Comics character

Doctor Fang, a DC Comics character

Doctor Faustus (comics), a Marvel Comics supervillain associated with Captain America

Doctor Fate, a DC Comics sorcerer

Doctor Gorpon, a Malibu Comics character

Doctor Impossible, a DC Comics supervillain

Doctor Light, a number of comics characters of a similar name

Doctor McNinja from The Adventures of Dr. McNinja

Doctor Manhattan, a DC Comics character from Watchmen

Doctor Mid-Nite, a DC Comics hero

Doctor John Miers PHD, an all-round Comics hero

Doctor Mirage, a Valiant Comics character

Doctor Mist, a DC Comics superhero

Doctor Moon, a DC Comics supervillain

Doctor Nemesis, two Marvel Comics characters: Dr. James Bradley, a scientist and co-inventor of the original Human Torch and Michael Stockton, a scientist who used Pym particles

Doctor Occult, a DC Comics character

Doctor Octopus, a Marvel Comics supervillain, known as an enemy of Spider-Man

Doctor Phosphorus, a DC Comics supervillain

Doctor Polaris, a DC Comics supervillain and enemy of Green Lantern

Doctor Psycho, a DC Comics supervillain and enemy of Wonder Woman who went on to become a core member of the Secret Society of Supervillains

Doctor Shocker, a DC Comics supervillain and member of the 1000

Doctor Sivana, a Fawcett and DC comics supervillain

Doctor Spectro, a Charlton and DC comics supervillain

Doctor Spectrum, a number of different Marvel Comics characters

Doctor Strange, a Marvel Comics hero

Doctor Sun, a Marvel Comics supervillain

Doctor Thirteen, a DC Comics character

Doctor Tomorrow, an Acclaim Comics series and a character in the game Freedom City

Doctor Vault, a Marvel Comics character

Doctor Voodoo, also known as Brother Voodoo, a Marvel Comics hero.

Doctor X (comics), a Nedor Comics character who returned in Terra Obscura

Doctor Zodiac, a DC Comics character from World's Finest ComicsDoc in comics may refer to:

Doc (comics), a member of the Omega Men

Doc (G.I. Joe), a G.I. Joe character who has appeared in the comic book spin-offs

Doc Samson, a Marvel Comics character

Doc Savage, a character who has appeared in a number of comics

Doc Strange, a Nedor Comics character who reappeared in Terra Obscura

Doctor Light (comics)

Doctor Light is the name of different characters in DC Comics.

Identity Crisis (DC Comics)

Identity Crisis is a seven-issue comic book limited series published by DC Comics from June to December in 2004. It was created by writer Brad Meltzer and the artistic team of penciler Rags Morales and inker Michael Bair.

John K. Snyder III

Not related to the Louisiana politician John K. SnyderJohn K. Snyder III is a writer and illustrator of comic books and graphic novels. His work has been published in the pages of the underground press (most notably The Duckberg Times), and by independent comic book publishers, including Dark Horse Comics(Grendel). For DC Comics Snyder has worked on titles such as Suicide Squad, Doctor Mid-Nite, Green Lantern, and Mister E. Snyder's latest project is as adapter/artist of the graphic novel adaptation of Lawrence Block's classic detective noir novel, 8 Million Ways to Die.

Snyder wrote and drew his first project, Fashion in Action, published by Eclipse Comics as a backup feature in Timothy Truman's Scout in 1985, and then as a series of specials in 1986 and 1987. During this time he began to illustrate gallery pieces and covers for books such as Comico's Jonny Quest comic series and Alan Moore's Miracleman. He went on to work with Timothy Truman and Michael H. Price on Leo Kragg: The Prowler(also for Eclipse Comics). Snyder gained notoriety shortly thereafter with his work on Matt Wagner's Grendel series, illustrating The God and The Devil story arc, later re-issued and collected by Dark Horse Comics. Snyder then moved on to DC Comics' Suicide Squad, written by John Ostrander and Kim Yale, most notably contributing to the Janus Directive storyline. It was shortly after Snyder's completion of the Suicide Squad run that he adapted and illustrated Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde and Joseph Conrad's The Secret Agent for First Comics and Berkley Books.

Snyder then returned to DC Comics to work on Mister E, a Books of Magic spin-off 4-issue mini-series, written by founding cyber/steampunk writer K. W. Jeter . Snyder continued to produce comic book covers and short stories, also working with Harlan Ellison on producing a duo of covers for Ellison's Edgeworks series(White Wolf), volume II of which was featured in the 4th Spectrum Illustration Annual. Along with writer Matt Wagner, Snyder re-imagined the DC Comics Golden Age character Doctor Mid-Nite(Pieter Cross)for a three-issue prestige format series in 1999, which was later collected. Wagner and Snyder also co-created Lady Zorro for Dynamite Entertainment in 2012.

Snyder has also illustrated numerous trading and gaming cards for various companies, including Topps, Wildstorm, Upper Deck, White Wolf, and the Last Unicorn Games' collectible card game Heresy: Kingdom Come.In 2010, Snyder produced covers for the IDW comic/graphic novel adaptation of Harlan Ellison's Phoenix Without Ashes. Snyder's first work, Fashion In Action, was meticulously restored by the creator/artist and collected by Bedside Press in 2017. Leo Kragg: The Prowler has also been restored and collected in two volumes by Cremo Press. Snyder's most recent work is adapting and illustrating the graphic novel adaptation of Lawrence Block's noir classic novel, EIGHT MILLION WAYS TO DIE, also featuring Block's world-famous detective, Matthew Scudder, published by IDW in June 2018.

Snyder was a 1989 Eisner Award nominee, in the category of Best Art Team.

Justice Society of America

The Justice Society of America (JSA) is a superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The team was conceived by editor Sheldon Mayer and writer Gardner Fox during the Golden Age of Comic Books. The JSA first appeared in All Star Comics #3 (Winter 1940–1941), making it the first team of superheroes in comic books. The original members of the Justice Society of America were Doctor Fate, Hour-Man, the Spectre, the Sandman (Wesley Dodds), the Atom (Al Pratt), the Flash (Jay Garrick), Green Lantern (Alan Scott), and Hawkman (Carter Hall).

The team was initially popular, but after the popularity of superhero comics waned in the late 1940s, the JSA's adventures ceased with issue #57 of the title (March 1951). During the Silver Age of Comic Books, DC Comics reinvented several Justice Society members and banded many of them together in a new team, the Justice League of America. JSA members remained absent from comics for ten years until Jay Garrick appeared alongside Barry Allen, his Silver Age counterpart, in The Flash #123 (September 1961). The Justice Society was established as existing on "Earth-Two" and the Justice League on "Earth-One". This allowed for annual cross-dimensional team-ups of the teams between 1963 and 1985. New series, such as All-Star Squadron, Infinity, Inc. and a new All-Star Comics featured the JSA, their children and their heirs. These series explored the issues of aging, generational differences, and contrasts between the Golden Age and subsequent eras.

The 1985 Crisis on Infinite Earths limited series merged all of the company's various alternate realities into one, placing the JSA as World War II-era predecessors to the company's modern characters. A JSA series was published from 1999 to 2006, and a Justice Society of America series ran from 2007 to 2011. As part of DC Comics' 2011 relaunch of its entire line of monthly books an unnamed version of the team appears in the Earth 2 Vol 1 (2012–2015), Earth 2 World's End (2014–2015), and Earth 2: Society (2015–2017).

List of Justice Society of America members

The Justice Society of America is a team of comic book superheroes published by DC Comics.

JSA members are listed here only once—in order of their first joining the team. Retconned members are listed only where they historically took part in the stories. Only official members are listed. No unofficial, reserves or honorary members.

Note: In the wake of DC Comics' Flashpoint event, the history of the JSA has been rebooted. Many of the characters have been reintroduced with new histories while others have yet to reappear. Characters' last known status is listed below. An alternate version of the team appears in the series Earth-2.

List of metahumans in DC Comics

List of metahumans in DC Comics, is a list of fictional superhumans that have appeared in comic book titles published by DC Comics, as well as properties from other media are listed below, with appropriately brief descriptions and accompanying citations.

Midnight (comics)

Midnight, in comics, may refer to:

Midnight (DC Comics) a DC Comics character

Midnight (Jeff Wilde), a Marvel Comics character

Midnight Sun (Marvel Comics) or MidnightIt may also refer to:

Captain Midnight, a radio play character who was adapted into a comic book series by Fawcett Comics

Doctor Mid-Nite, a DC Comics superhero

Jessica Midnight, a DC Comics character and member of Checkmate

Midnight's Fire, a Marvel Comics supervillain

Midnight Kiss, a 2005 series from Markosia

Midnight Man (comics), a Marvel Comics character and enemy of Moon Knight

Midnight, Mass, a comic book series from Vertigo

Midnight Men, a 1993 mini-series from Epic Comics

Midnight Mover, a mini-series from Oni Press

Midnight Nation, a 2000 Top Cow limited series by J. Michael Straczynski

Midnight Panther, a hentai manga

Midnight Sons, a Marvel Comics team of supernatural characters

Midnight Tales, a comic book series from Charlton Comics

Midnighter, the Wildstorm character and member of The Authority

Neil Gaiman's Midnight Days, a collection of some of Neil Gaiman's early work at Vertigo

Sandman Midnight Theatre, a comic book crossover between the two main DC Comics characters named Sandman

Papa Midnite, a DC and Vertigo Comics character from Hellblazer and an eponymous spin-off miniseries.

Super Midnight, a character from Shang-Chi

Mister Terrific (Michael Holt)

Michael Holt is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. He is the second character to take up the Mister Terrific mantle.

Echo Kellum portrays a version of the character renamed Curtis Holt in the CW series Arrow, from the fourth to the seventh season.

Professor Night

Professor Night is a fictional character created by Alan Moore in the Supreme comic book, wherein most heroes and villains are thinly disguised counterparts of DC icons. Although his name is derivative of Doctor Mid-Nite, the character is otherwise clearly intended be a counterpart of Batman. Professor Night works with Supreme both in a semi-regular partnership (a la World's Finest Comics) and as fellow founding members of the Allied Supermen of America, and its successor, the Allies (counterparts to the Justice Society of America and Justice League). He first appeared in Supreme vol. 3 #43.

Queen Desira

Queen Desira is the name of two fictional characters of royal background. The first appeared in many Golden Age adventures with Wonder Woman. She is the queen of Venus, and would often seek help from Wonder Woman to defend her planet.

Spirit King

The Spirit King is a character in the fictional DC Universe; he was initially an adversary of the original Mister Terrific, but later expanded to be a threat to the entire Justice Society, particularly the Spectre and the Flash.

The character was created for a murder mystery story in the 1970s and retroactively introduced into the fictional history of the character Mister Terrific.

Stargirl (TV series)

Stargirl is an upcoming American drama web television series, based on the DC Comics superhero Stargirl created by Geoff Johns and Lee Moder, that is set to premiere in early 2020 on DC Universe.

Starman (Ted Knight)

Starman (Theodore Henry "Ted" Knight) is a fictional superhero in the DC Comics Universe, and a member of the Justice Society of America. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Jack Burnley, he first appeared in Adventure Comics #61 (April 1941).

Terrible Trio

The Terrible Trio is a group of fictional characters, supervillains appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. Individually known as Vulture, Shark, and Fox, their real names were originally Warren Lawford, Armand Lydecker, and Gunther Hardwick - though these have changed over the decades.

Initial members
Other members
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