Diyarbakır Province

Diyarbakır Province (Turkish: Diyarbakır ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Amed‎) is a province in southeastern Turkey. The province covers an area of 15,355 km2 and its population is 1,528,958. The provincial capital is the city of Diyarbakır.

It has been home to many civilisations and the surrounding area including itself is home to many Mesolithic era stone carvings and artifacts. The province has been ruled by the Akkadians, Hurrians, Mittani, Medes, Hittites, Armenians, Neo-Babylonians, Achaemenids, Greeks, Romans, Parthia, Byzantium, Sassanids, Arabs, Seljuk Empire, Mongol Empire, Safavid dynasty, Marwanids, and Ayyubids.

The majority of the province's population today is Kurdish.[2]

Diyarbakır Province

Diyarbakır ili
Location of Diyarbakır Province in Turkey
Location of Diyarbakır Province in Turkey
RegionSoutheast Anatolia
 • Electoral districtDiyarbakır
 • GovernorHasan Basri Güzeloğlu
 • Total15,355 km2 (5,929 sq mi)
 • Total1,732,396
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Area code(s)0412
Vehicle registration21


Diyarbakır province is divided into 14 districts (capital district in bold):


Assyrian and Armenian population in Diyarbakır Province in 1915-1916[3]
Sect Before World War I Disappeared (killed) After World War I
Armenians Gregorians (Apostolic) 60,000 58,000 (97%) 2,000
Armenian Catholics 12,500 11,500 (92%) 1,000
Assyrians Chaldean Catholics 11,120 10,010 (90%) 1,110
Syriac Catholic 5,600 3,450 (62%) 2,150
Syriac Orthodox 84,725 60,725 (72%) 24,000
Protestants 725 500 (69%) 2,150


  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.
  3. ^ Gaunt, David. Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I. Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2006, p. 433.

External links

Coordinates: 38°08′32″N 40°16′16″E / 38.14222°N 40.27111°E


Bismil is a district of Diyarbakır Province of Turkey. The population is 56,887 (as of 2010) and most of the people are Kurds. The mayor is Cemile Eminoğlu (BDP).

Devegeçidi Dam

Devegeçidi Dam is one of the 22 dams of the Southeastern Anatolia Project of Turkey, Diyarbakır. It is near Diyarbakır on a branch of the Tigris river. It was constructed for irrigation purposes between 1965 and 1972.


Dicle (Ottoman Turkish: پيران‎, Kurdish: Pîran‎, Zazaki: Piran) is a town and district of Diyarbakır Province, Turkey. The population was 8,436 in 2010.

Dicle is the Turkish name of the Tigris river, which runs through the district and gave its name to it. The name derives through Akkadian Idiqlat from the original Sumerian name for the river, Idigna.

Dicle Dam

Dicle Dam is one of the 21 dams of the Southeastern Anatolia Project of Turkey. These facilities are located within the provincial territory of Diyarbakır, at a distance of 50 kilometres to Diyarbakır city centre. More specifically, the dam and the hydroelectric power plant are located at a distance of 800 metres from the point of junction of the streams of Maden Stream and Dibni to form the Tigris, and 22 kilometres downstream of the Kralkızı Dam. Construction works were started in 1986 and the dam was completed in 1997. The dam has an installed hydroelectric capacity of 110 MW and is designed to ultimately irrigate 128,080 hectares. In 2001 a water transmission line and a water treatment plant were commissioned that provided about 85% of the drinking water for the city of Diyarbakir in 2010.

Diyarbakır Airport

Diyarbakır Airport (IATA: DIY, ICAO: LTCC) is a military airbase and public airport located in Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Diyarbekir Vilayet

The Vilayet of Diyâr-ı Bekr (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت ديار بكر‎, Vilâyet-i Diyarbakır) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, wholly located within what is now modern Turkey. The vilayet extended south from Palu on the Euphrates to Mardin and Nusaybin on the edge of the Mesopotamian plain. After the establishment of Republic of Turkey in 1923, the region was incorporated into the newly created state.

At the beginning of the 20th century, it reportedly had an area of 18,074 square miles (46,810 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 471,462. The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.

Göksu Dam

Göksu Dam is a dam on Göksu Stream south of Diyarbakır city in Turkey. Constructed between 1987 and 1991, the development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. The primary purpose of the dam is irrigation and it supplies water to 3,582 ha (8,850 acres).

Hani, Turkey

Hani (Ottoman Turkish: هانی‎ Hani, Ottoman Turkish: پالی معدن‎ Palimaden, Kurdish: Hênê‎, Zazaki: Hêni) is a district of Diyarbakır Province of Turkey. The population was 8,146 in 2010.

Karakaya Dam

The Karakaya Dam is one of the 21 dams of the Southeastern Anatolia Project of Turkey, built on the Euphrates River and completed in 1987. The hydroelectric dam generates power with six units of 300 MW, totalling the installed capacity to 1,800 MW.

Kralkızı Dam

Kralkızı Dam is one of the 21 dams of the Southeastern Anatolia Project of Turkey in Batman. The hydroelectric power plant has a total installed power capacity of 94 MW. The dam was constructed between 1985 and 1997.

These facilities are located on the Maden Stream, one of the important tributaries of the Tigris River, at a distance of 81 kilometres to Diyarbakır and 6 kilometres to the township of Dicle.

Lice, Turkey

Lice (pronounced [ˈlidʒe]), (Ottoman Turkish: ليجه‎,) is a Kurdish district of Diyarbakır Province in Turkey. The population was 9,644 in 2010. It is located 90 km (56 mi) from the capital, Diyarbakır. The mayor is Rezan Zoğurlu (BDP).

On September 6, 1975, Lice was struck by an earthquake rated severe on the Mercalli intensity scale. More than 2,300 people were killed.

The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK, was founded in the village of Fis, in Lice district on November 27, 1978.The Lice massacre took place from October 20–23, 1993.

The Kurdish castle of Ataq used to exist near the modern Lice.

List of populated places in Diyarbakır Province

Below is the list of populated places in Diyarbakır Province, Turkey by the districts. The first four districts (Bağlar, Kayapınar, Sur and Yenişehir) are parts of the city of Greater Diyarbakır. In the following lists, the first place in each district list is the administrative center of that district.

Silvan, Diyarbakır

Silvan (Turkish: Silvan, Ottoman Turkish: ميا فارقين‎ Meyafarikîn, Arabic: ميافارقين‎, Meiafarakin or Mayyafariqin; Armenian: Նփրկերտ, Np'rkert; Greek: Mαρτυρόπολις, Martyropolis; Kurdish: Farqîn; Syriac: ܡܝܦܪܩܝܛ‎, Mayperqiṭ) is a city and district in the Diyarbakır Province of Turkey. Its population is 41,451.

Silvan Dam

Silvan Dam is an embankment concrete-face rock-fill currently under construction on the Batman River in the district of Silvan, Diyarbakır Province in southeastern Turkey. It is part of the Southeastern Anatolia Project and located upstream of the Batman Dam. Construction began on 26 July 2011 and is expected to be complete in 2020. The purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production and irrigation. It is designed to irrigate an area of 245,000 ha (610,000 acres). The power station will have an installed capacity of 160 MW.In 2014, the dam, as well as other in southeast Turkey such as the Ilisu Dam, became a prime target of Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) militants after peace talks collapsed with the government. Attacks on the dam, supporting structures and workers are part of the PKK's efforts to stop construction. Construction of the dam was suspended temporarily late in the year.The dam is expected to be completed in 2019.


The Tigris (; Sumerian: 𒁇𒄘𒃼 Idigna or Idigina; Akkadian: 𒁇𒄘𒃼 Idiqlat; Arabic: دجلة‎ Dijlah [didʒlah]; Syriac: ܕܹܩܠܵܬ‎ Deqlaṯ; Armenian: Տիգրիս Tigris; Դգլաթ Dglatʿ; Hebrew: חידקל Ḥîddeqel; Turkish: Dicle; Kurdish: Dîcle, Dîjla دیجلە‎) is the eastern of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates. The river flows south from the mountains of southeastern Turkey through Iraq and empties into the Persian Gulf.


Tushhan (also Tushan, or Tušhan) is a Kurdish village known as (Kurdish: Behramki‎) or (Kurdish: Tepe-i Barava‎) by residents and It was an ancient city that Assyrian have ruled for some time in Mesopotamia. It was a provincial capital in the upper Tigris river valley, on the south bank and inhabited since the Mitanni period, and mainly during the Neo-Assyrian period during the Iron Age.

It is now believed to be located at the site of the modern Ziyaret Tepe (Kurdish: Tepa Barava‎), Diyarbakır Province, Turkey.

Zerzevan Castle

Zerzevan Castle (Turkish: Zerzevan Kalesi Armenian: Զերզեվանի ամրոց), also known as Samachi Castle, is a ruined Eastern Roman castle, a former important military base, in Diyarbakır Province, southeastern Turkey. Archaeological excavations at the site revealed the existence of underground structures, among them a temple of Mithraism, a mystery religion. The castle was used as a civilian settlement between the 1890s and the 1960s. The site is partly open to tourism.

Zilek Bridge

The Zilek Bridge is a 508 m (1,667 ft) long Bowstring-arch bridge that crosses the Batman River in southeastern Turkey. Located between the cities Diyarbakır and Batman, the bridge carries the Fevzipaşa-Kurtalan railway.

The bridge was constructed between 1939-44 as part of the extension of the railway from Diyarbakır to Kurtalan. When first completed, it was the second longest railway bridge in the country after the Karkamış Bridge. The bridge will be replaced by a new 1,430 m (4,690 ft) long viaduct that is expected to completed by the end of 2017. When the new bridge opens, the Zilek bridge will be flooded by the Ilısu Dam.


Çayönü Tepesi is a Neolithic settlement in southeastern Turkey which prospered from circa 8,630 to 6,800 BC. It is located forty kilometres north-west of Diyarbakır, at the foot of the Taurus mountains. It lies near the Boğazçay, a tributary of the upper Tigris River and the Bestakot, an intermittent stream.

Diyarbakır Province of Turkey


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