Dixie Station

Dixie Station was a geographic position during the Vietnam War in the South China Sea off the Mekong Delta from which United States Navy aircraft carriers launched strikes providing close air support for American and Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) ground troops in South Vietnam.[1] It was located about 130 km due southeast of Cam Ranh Bay, at 11° N and 110° E[2] in 600 m (2000 ft) of water.

Dixie Station was established on 15 May 1965 as a single-carrier counterpart to the multi-carrier Yankee Station, which was located further north near the mouth of the Gulf of Tonkin and was responsible for strikes on North Vietnamese targets. Targets for Yankee Station strikes were personally selected (sometimes months in advance) by President Lyndon Johnson and Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara, resulting in notoriously restrictive rules of engagement. In contrast, Dixie Station missions were carried out in response to requests for close air support by friendly ground forces engaging enemy guerrillas in South Vietnam. The strike forces were usually vectored on to their target in real time by a ground-based forward air controller.

The name "Dixie" was chosen to match that of the phonetic-alphabet-designated "Yankee," resulting in a pun relating to the traditional slang terms for the Northern United States and Southern United States, with Yankee bombing the North, and Dixie the South.

Aircraft carriers continued rotating on station at Dixie flying in support of friendly forces until 3 August 1966, when enough land-based aircraft had become available to support operations in the area that aircraft carrier support no longer was needed.[3] Yankee Station, in contrast, remained in use until August 1973.

Coordinates: 11°00′00″N 110°00′00″E / 11.00000°N 110.00000°E

A-4C Skyhawks of VA-146 fly past USS Kearsarge (CVS-33) in the South China Sea on 12 August 1964 (USN 1107965)
Dixie Station is located in Vietnam
Yankee Station (1966-1973)
Yankee Station (1966-1973)
Yankee Station (1964-1966)
Yankee Station (1964-1966)
Dixie Station
Dixie Station
Positions of Dixie and Yankee Stations.

References

  1. ^ 'Carriers: Airpower at Sea', van Beverhoudt Jr, Arnold E., Chp. 3
  2. ^ Kelley, Michael P. (2002). Where We Were: A Comprehensive Guide to the Firebases, Military Installations and Naval Vessels of the Vietnam War, 1945-75. Central Point, Oregon: Hellgate Press. pp. 5–149. ISBN 1-55571-625-3.
  3. ^ Potter, E. B., ed., Sea Power: A Naval History, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1981, ISBN 0-87021-607-4, p. 374.
Dixie Station (disambiguation)

Dixie Station was a geographical location in the South China Sea during the Vietnam War.

Dixie Station may also refer to:

Dixie GO Station, a commuter railway station in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

Dixie station (MiWay), a bus rapid transit station in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada

Dixie station (MiWay)

Dixie is a bus rapid transit station on the Mississauga Transitway in central Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. It is located on the west side of Dixie Road along the north side of Eastgate Parkway.

The first four stations on the Transitway at Central Park, Cawthra, Tomken and Dixie, opened on 17 November 2014.

Etobicoke Creek station

Etobicoke Creek is a bus rapid transit station on the Mississauga Transitway in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. It is located along the north side of Eglinton Avenue at Tahoe Boulevard.Tahoe and Etobicoke Creek opened on 16 February 2016.

GO Transit bus services

GO Transit bus services are provided throughout the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA) and the Greater Golden Horseshoe.While GO Transit started as a single train line in 1967, 15 buses were introduced on September 8, 1970, extending service beyond the original Lakeshore line to Hamilton and Oshawa, as well as providing service north to Newmarket and Barrie. In 1989, GO started running buses between outer train stations and Union at off-peak times when trains were not scheduled. The bus network started expanding beyond train lines, feeding rail service and serving communities beyond the reach of existing trains. In 2000, GO Transit went beyond its existing train corridors and began service along Highway 407, linking York University to Oshawa, Mississauga and Oakville.The GO Transit bus fleet consists of 366 single-level coach buses and 139 double-decker buses. Two of the coach buses are diesel-electric hybrid vehicles. GO Transit began acquiring double-decker buses in 2007 to relieve crowding on some routes. The first generation stood at a height of 4.3 metres, and second and third generations were built and acquired at even lower heights – in 2013 and 2016 at 4.15 and 3.9 metres, respectively – that allowed them to pass under lower bridges and trees and be used on additional routes. All of the buses are equipped with bike racks.GO buses serve 15 bus terminals, as well as several local stops which include carpool/park and ride lots established by the Ministry of Transportation along Ontario highways. On average, 2,458 weekday and 1,218 weekend bus trips are made, with 70% of all bus travellers going to or from Toronto. All GO Transit fares are calculated by the fare zones that the origin and destination of the trip are in, as well as by passenger category (adult, student, senior or child). GO bus fares are not differentiated based whether or not trains are used for part of the trip.

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MiWay

MiWay (pronounced "my way"; stylized miWAY) is the municipal public transport agency serving Mississauga, Ontario, Canada and responsible to the city's Transportation and Works Department. The current MiWay service consists of two types of bus routes: MiLocal, local buses that make frequent stops, and MiExpress, express buses between major destinations. MiWay is the primary operator along the Mississauga Transitway, a dedicated east to west bus-only roadway.

MiWay's routes connect with GO Transit commuter rail and intercity buses. The system also connects with Brampton Transit to the north, Oakville Transit to the west, York Region Transit (YRT) to the northeast, and the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) to the east, at the Islington and Kipling subway stations on Line 2. MiWay is a member of the Canadian Urban Transit Association.

In 2013, MiWay's annual ridership was 35.8 million passengers, with more than 50.9 million boardings.

Mississauga Transitway

The Mississauga Transitway is a bus rapid transit (BRT) system in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. It comprises a series of newly-constructed bus-only roadways, as well as reserved lanes on both existing city streets and portions of Highway 403, that together form a continuous 18 km (11 mi) route spanning most of the city from Winston Churchill Boulevard in the west to the junction of Highways 401 and 427 in the east, located within Etobicoke, part of the neighbouring city of Toronto. Service on the Transitway is provided by MiWay and GO Transit, some stations have connections to Brampton Transit and Toronto Transit Commission bus services.

Originally proposed in the 1970s, the Mississauga Transit plan has evolved over time. In the 1990s, a serious proposal intended to build a "transitway" from Ridgeway Drive at the very western edge of the city; this was eventually revised to its current state, with construction beginning in November 2010. The first stretch of the present Transitway opened between Hurontario Street and Dixie Road on November 17, 2014. Other remaining sections faced delays, and were open in stages until the eastern terminus, Renforth, was opened on November 22, 2017. There are plans to eventually extend Transitway service to a new regional bus terminal at the Kipling subway station in southern Etobicoke.

Tahoe station

Tahoe is a bus rapid transit station on the Mississauga Transitway in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. It is located along the east side of Eastgate Parkway on the south side of Tahoe Boulevard.Tahoe and Etobicoke Creek opened on 16 February 2016.

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Tonkin Gulf Yacht Club

Tonkin Gulf Yacht Club was a tongue-in-cheek nickname for the United States Seventh Fleet during the Vietnam War. Throughout the War in Vietnam, the Seventh Fleet engaged in combat operations against enemy forces through attack carrier air strikes, naval gunfire support, amphibious operations, patrol and reconnaissance operations and mine warfare.

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The history of Oriskany differs considerably from that of her sister ships. Originally designed as a "long-hulled" Essex-class ship (considered by some authorities to be a separate class, the Ticonderoga class) her construction was suspended in 1946. She eventually was commissioned in 1950 after conversion to an updated design called SCB-27 ("27-Charlie"), which became the template for modernization of 14 other Essex-class ships. Oriskany was the final Essex-class ship completed.

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Oriskany's post-service history also differs considerably from that of her sister ships. Decommissioned in 1976, she was sold for scrap in 1995, but was repossessed in 1997 because nothing was being done. In 2004, it was decided to sink her as an artificial reef off the coast of Florida in the Gulf of Mexico. After much environmental review and remediation to remove toxic substances, she was carefully sunk in May 2006, settling in an upright position at a depth accessible to recreational divers. As of 2008, Oriskany is the largest vessel ever sunk to make a reef.

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Yankee Station

Yankee Station (officially Point Yankee) was a fixed coordinate off the coast of Vietnam where U.S. Navy aircraft carriers and support ships loitered in open waters over a nine-year period during the Vietnam War. The location was used primarily by aircraft carriers of Task Force 77 to launch strikes over North Vietnam. While the coordinate's official designation was "Point Yankee", it was universally referred to as Yankee Station. Carriers conducting air operations at Yankee Station were said to be "on the line" (in combat) and statistical summaries were based on days on the line. Yankee Station was initially located at 16° 00′ N, 110° 00′ E, however with a massive increase in operations over North Vietnam in 1966 the station was moved about 145 miles (230 km) northwest to 17° 30′ N, 108° 30′ E, placing it about 90 miles (145 km) from the North Vietnamese shore.

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